US781311A - Vehicle-spring. - Google Patents

Vehicle-spring. Download PDF

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Publication number
US781311A
US781311A US22315304A US1904223153A US781311A US 781311 A US781311 A US 781311A US 22315304 A US22315304 A US 22315304A US 1904223153 A US1904223153 A US 1904223153A US 781311 A US781311 A US 781311A
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Prior art keywords
spring
vehicle
casings
springs
brackets
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Expired - Lifetime
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US22315304A
Inventor
Albert E Sutton
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Albert E Sutton
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Priority to US22315304A priority Critical patent/US781311A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G11/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs
    • B60G11/14Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs having helical, spiral or coil springs only
    • B60G11/16Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs having helical, spiral or coil springs only characterised by means specially adapted for attaching the spring to axle or sprung part of the vehicle

Description

PATENTBD YJAN. s1, 1905.
,.A. E; SUTTON. Y VEHICLE SPRING."
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 21904.
XXXXXX.
Witnesses l zam-ZZ swzm Inventor y j' 7, ITED STATES Patented January 3 1 ,i 1 905.AVU
PATENT OFFICE.
ALBERT E. sUTTON, OF THOMAs, WEST VIRGTNIA.-v
VEHICLE-SPRING..
SPECIFICATION forrningpart of Letters 'Patent No. 781,311, dated J' anuarySl, 1905. "i
I Application filed September Z, 1904. Serial No. 223,153. I
T @ZZ whom/"5t may concern: Y
Be it known that LALBERT E. SUTTON, a citizen of the' United States, residing at Thomas, in the county of Tucker and State of West Virginia, have invented anew and useful Vehicle-Spring, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to Avehicle-springs, and has for its object to provide a light and durable, readily-yieldable, and adjustable supporting means for the bodies .of vehicles, such as buggies and the like.'
rIhe invention consists inthe improved construction and novel arrangement and combination of parts, which will be hereinafter described, and particularly pointed out in the claims. Y
In the accompanying drawings has been illustrated a simple and preferred form of'embodiment of the invention. it being, however, understood that no limitation is necessarily made to the precise structural details therein exhibited, but that the right is reserved to any changes or alterations and modifications to which recourse may be had within the scope of the invention and without departing from the spirit or sacrificing the efficiency of the v Same.
In said drawings, Figure 1 is a side eleva' tion, partly in section, showing the runninggear and body of a vehicle equipped with the improved spring. Fig. 2 is'afront elevation.
Fig. 3 isa top plan view. Fig. 4L isa hori zontal sectional view, enlarged, taken through one ofthespring-casings. Fig. 5 1s a Vvertlcal sectionalv view, enlarged, taken throughY one of the springcasings.
Corresponding parts in the several figures are indicated by like characters of reference.
1 and 2 designate, respectively, the front and rear axles, the former of which in the form of embodiment shown supports a bolster 3, which isl connected by the reach 4 with the rear axle, a fifth-wheel 5 being-interposed between said bolster and front axle.-
6 6 are spring-casingswhich areconnected i with the bolster 3 and'with the rear axle.- Said spring-casings are provided lat their lower ends with notches or recesses 7 whereby they 'are fitted upon the rear axle and the bolster, re-
j 'spectively,-thelower extremities of said cas-l ings being provided with horizontal perforatlons 8 for the reception of'k bolts 9, whereby they are clamped in position. The upper parts of the casings 6 are provided with approximately cylindrical recesses 10, provided with side slots 11, adjacent to the inner and outer sides of which are flanges 12 and 13, which latter are of considerable width. In the recesses 10 are placed helicalv springs l1 of suflicient strength to support the weight v of the loaded vehicle-box. A
The vehicle-box 15 is provided at its front and rear corners with brackets Y16, which are formed at the ends of yokes or braces 17, extending transversely underthe vehicle-box, which is thereby braced and reinforced. The brackets 16, theextremities of which are extended through the slots 11 into the recesses 10 of the springlcasings, are provided at their extremities with horizontally'disposed eyes or enlargements 18, which rest upon the upper ends of the-springs 14 and which, being of a diameter greater than the width of the .slots 11, vwill serve to prevent the withdrawal of the brackets 416 from the spring-casings. It is obvious that the springs will thus support the vehicle-body and yield to the pressure Iof v vweight placed in the latter.
19 19 designate a pair of yokes, provided at the ends thereof with downturned arms 20. One of these yokes is placed above the bolster upon the front axle, .where it is secured by means ofra bolt 21, which may be an upward extension of the king-bolt, said bolt extendlingthrough a perforation 22 in the yoke,
which latter is retained in position adjustablyv by nuts 23. vThe yoke 19 placed labove the l rear axle similarly engages a bolt 24,-extending upwardly from said axle through a perforation in the yoke, which latter is held adjustably by means of nuts 25. It will be seen that the downturned vends or arms 2O of the respective yokes, which enter into the upper ends o f the spring-casings, will serve to limit the upward movement of the brackets 16y therein. Ity also follows that by tightening the nuts 23 and 25 the lyokes will be forced downwardly, with the effect of compressing the springs withinthe casings, thereby stiftenlOO ing said springs and limiting their expansion, and consequently enabllng them to support .lieavierloads withoutdangerof beingracked or otherwiseinjured. Bythissimpleadjustment the user or occupant of a vehicle equipped with the improved spring device may conveniently and quickly adjust the tension of the springs to the weight which is to be imposed thereon.
The ianges 12 and 13, which extend from the spring-casings adjacent to the slots 11 therein, will serve to limit or entirely prevent lateral play or swaying of the vehiclebody, and the Hanges 13, which are formed upon the outer sides of said spring-casings, are made of a width which will enable them to serve'as shields or guards for the outer sides of the bracket members 16.
In the form of embodiment oi' the invention herein shown the enlargements 18 at the extremities of the brackets 16 have been shown in the form of eyes, and the downwardly-extending arms 2O of the yokes 19 have been provided with conical points 28, engaging'said eyes. By this construction the latter are properly centered in the spring-casings and displacement of the parts is rendered less liable to occur.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is 1. In avehicle,spring-casings mounted upon the running-gear and having slotted recesses,
springs in said casings, avehiele-body having brackets extending through the slots of the casings and provided within the latter with enlargements, and vertically-adjustable yokes having downturned arms extending in the recesses of the casing and bearing upon the enlargements of the brackets.
2. In a vehicle,spring-casings mounted upon the running-gear and having slotted recesses, springs in said casings, a vehicle-body having brackets extending through the slots of the casings and provided within the latter with enlargements forming eyes, and vertically-adjustable yokes having downturned arms pro- I vided with conical points extending into the recesses of the casing and bearing upon the enlargements of the brackets.
3. In a vehicle,spring-casings mounted upon the running-gear and having slotted recesses and I'ianges constitutingguards adjacent to the sides of the slots, springs in said casings, and a vehicle-body having brackets extending between the flanges through the slots of the easings and supported upon the springs.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto afixcd my signature in -the presence of two witnesses.
ALBERT E. SUTTON. IVitnesses:
LENA GEISBERGER, A. G. KELLEY.
US22315304A 1904-09-02 1904-09-02 Vehicle-spring. Expired - Lifetime US781311A (en)

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