US7713305B2 - Articular surface implant - Google Patents

Articular surface implant Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US7713305B2
US7713305B2 US11359891 US35989106A US7713305B2 US 7713305 B2 US7713305 B2 US 7713305B2 US 11359891 US11359891 US 11359891 US 35989106 A US35989106 A US 35989106A US 7713305 B2 US7713305 B2 US 7713305B2
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
implant
articular surface
plane
contour
surface
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
Application number
US11359891
Other versions
US20060229726A1 (en )
Inventor
Steven W. Ek
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Arthrosurface Inc
Original Assignee
Arthrosurface Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30756Cartilage endoprostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1613Component parts
    • A61B17/1615Drill bits, i.e. rotating tools extending from a handpiece to contact the worked material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1662Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/1675Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body for the knee
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/06Measuring instruments not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/30942Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • A61F2/3859Femoral components
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • A61F2/3877Patellae or trochleae
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4603Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof
    • A61F2/4618Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof of cartilage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4657Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0487Suture clamps, clips or locks, e.g. for replacing suture knots; Instruments for applying or removing suture clamps, clips or locks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06Needles ; Sutures; Needle-suture combinations; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/06166Sutures
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1635Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for grafts, harvesting or transplants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1637Hollow drills or saws producing a curved cut, e.g. cylindrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1662Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/1684Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body for the shoulder
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/70Spinal positioners or stabilisers ; Bone stabilisers comprising fluid filler in an implant
    • A61B17/7097Stabilisers comprising fluid filler in an implant, e.g. balloon; devices for inserting or filling such implants
    • A61B17/7098Stabilisers comprising fluid filler in an implant, e.g. balloon; devices for inserting or filling such implants wherein the implant is permeable or has openings, e.g. fenestrated screw
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/84Fasteners therefor or fasteners being internal fixation devices
    • A61B17/86Threaded wires, pins or screws; Nuts therefor
    • A61B17/8625Shanks, i.e. parts contacting bone tissue
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/84Fasteners therefor or fasteners being internal fixation devices
    • A61B17/86Threaded wires, pins or screws; Nuts therefor
    • A61B17/8625Shanks, i.e. parts contacting bone tissue
    • A61B17/863Shanks, i.e. parts contacting bone tissue with thread interrupted or changing its form along shank, other than constant taper
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/84Fasteners therefor or fasteners being internal fixation devices
    • A61B17/86Threaded wires, pins or screws; Nuts therefor
    • A61B17/8695Washers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/88Osteosynthesis instruments; Methods or means for implanting or extracting internal or external fixation devices
    • A61B17/8875Screwdrivers, spanners or wrenches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/00234Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B2017/00238Type of minimally invasive operation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/0046Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets with a releasable handle; with handle and operating part separable
    • A61B2017/00464Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets with a releasable handle; with handle and operating part separable for use with different instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0404Buttons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0409Instruments for applying suture anchors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/044Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors with a threaded shaft, e.g. screws
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0445Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors cannulated, e.g. with a longitudinal through-hole for passage of an instrument
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0446Means for attaching and blocking the suture in the suture anchor
    • A61B2017/0448Additional elements on or within the anchor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0446Means for attaching and blocking the suture in the suture anchor
    • A61B2017/0448Additional elements on or within the anchor
    • A61B2017/045Additional elements on or within the anchor snug fit within the anchor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/06Measuring instruments not otherwise provided for
    • A61B2090/061Measuring instruments not otherwise provided for for measuring dimensions, e.g. length
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/45For evaluating or diagnosing the musculoskeletal system or teeth
    • A61B5/4528Joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30003Material related properties of the prosthesis or of a coating on the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/3006Properties of materials and coating materials
    • A61F2002/30065Properties of materials and coating materials thermoplastic, i.e. softening or fusing when heated, and hardening and becoming rigid again when cooled
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30003Material related properties of the prosthesis or of a coating on the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/3006Properties of materials and coating materials
    • A61F2002/30069Properties of materials and coating materials elastomeric
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30112Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30112Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2002/30113Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners circular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30138Convex polygonal shapes
    • A61F2002/30143Convex polygonal shapes hexagonal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30224Three-dimensional shapes cylindrical
    • A61F2002/30225Flat cylinders, i.e. discs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30299Three-dimensional shapes umbrella-shaped or mushroom-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30317The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis
    • A61F2002/30324The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis differing in thickness
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30331Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementarily-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit
    • A61F2002/30332Conically- or frustoconically-shaped protrusion and recess
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30331Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementarily-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit
    • A61F2002/30354Cylindrically-shaped protrusion and recess, e.g. cylinder of circular basis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30433Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements using additional screws, bolts, dowels or rivets, e.g. connecting screws
    • A61F2002/30443Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements using additional screws, bolts, dowels or rivets, e.g. connecting screws using washers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30448Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements using adhesives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30451Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements soldered or brazed or welded
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30563Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for having elastic means or damping means, different from springs, e.g. including an elastomeric core or shock absorbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30604Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for modular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30604Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for modular
    • A61F2002/30607Kits of prosthetic parts to be assembled in various combinations for forming different prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30667Features concerning an interaction with the environment or a particular use of the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/30719Means for cleaning prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/30772Apertures or holes, e.g. of circular cross section
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/3082Grooves
    • A61F2002/30827Plurality of grooves
    • A61F2002/30831Plurality of grooves perpendicular with respect to each other
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/3085Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with a threaded, e.g. self-tapping, bone-engaging surface, e.g. external surface
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/3085Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with a threaded, e.g. self-tapping, bone-engaging surface, e.g. external surface
    • A61F2002/30858Threads interrupted by grooves or sidewalls, e.g. flat sidewalls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/3085Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with a threaded, e.g. self-tapping, bone-engaging surface, e.g. external surface
    • A61F2002/30871Trapezoidal threads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/3085Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with a threaded, e.g. self-tapping, bone-engaging surface, e.g. external surface
    • A61F2002/30873Threadings machined on non-cylindrical external surfaces
    • A61F2002/30874Threadings machined on non-cylindrical external surfaces on conical, e.g. frustoconical, surfaces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/30878Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with non-sharp protrusions, for instance contacting the bone for anchoring, e.g. keels, pegs, pins, posts, shanks, stems, struts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/30878Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with non-sharp protrusions, for instance contacting the bone for anchoring, e.g. keels, pegs, pins, posts, shanks, stems, struts
    • A61F2002/30879Ribs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/30878Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with non-sharp protrusions, for instance contacting the bone for anchoring, e.g. keels, pegs, pins, posts, shanks, stems, struts
    • A61F2002/30891Plurality of protrusions
    • A61F2002/30892Plurality of protrusions parallel
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/30878Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with non-sharp protrusions, for instance contacting the bone for anchoring, e.g. keels, pegs, pins, posts, shanks, stems, struts
    • A61F2002/30891Plurality of protrusions
    • A61F2002/30896Plurality of protrusions perpendicular with respect to each other
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/30942Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques
    • A61F2002/30943Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques using mathematical models
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/30942Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques
    • A61F2002/30943Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques using mathematical models
    • A61F2002/30945Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques using mathematical models using geometrical models
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/30942Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques
    • A61F2002/30948Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques using computerized tomography, i.e. CT scans
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/30942Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques
    • A61F2002/30952Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques using CAD-CAM techniques or NC-techniques
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/30942Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques
    • A61F2002/30957Designing or manufacturing processes for designing or making customized prostheses, e.g. using templates, CT or NMR scans, finite-element analysis or CAD-CAM techniques using a positive or a negative model, e.g. moulds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4603Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof
    • A61F2002/4623Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof having a handle portion, e.g. integral with the implanting tool
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2002/4631Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor the prosthesis being specially adapted for being cemented
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2002/4635Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor using minimally invasive surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4657Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints
    • A61F2002/4658Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints for measuring dimensions, e.g. length
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4657Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints
    • A61F2002/4658Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints for measuring dimensions, e.g. length
    • A61F2002/4661Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints for measuring dimensions, e.g. length for measuring thickness
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4657Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints
    • A61F2002/4662Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints for measuring penetration depth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4657Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints
    • A61F2002/4663Measuring instruments used for implanting artificial joints for measuring volumes or other three-dimensional shapes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2002/4681Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor by applying mechanical shocks, e.g. by hammering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2210/00Particular material properties of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2210/0071Particular material properties of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof thermoplastic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/0033Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementary-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/0041Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements using additional screws, bolts, dowels or rivets, e.g. connecting screws
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/005Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements using adhesives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/0058Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements soldered or brazed or welded
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2230/0006Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners circular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0017Angular shapes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0063Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2230/0069Three-dimensional shapes cylindrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0063Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2230/0093Umbrella-shaped, e.g. mushroom-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0014Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis
    • A61F2250/0036Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis differing in thickness
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/006Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for modular
    • A61F2250/0062Kits of prosthetic parts to be assembled in various combinations for forming different prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/0092Means for cleaning prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00017Iron- or Fe-based alloys, e.g. stainless steel
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00023Titanium or titanium-based alloys, e.g. Ti-Ni alloys
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00029Cobalt-based alloys, e.g. Co-Cr alloys or Vitallium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00035Other metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00059Chromium or Cr-based alloys
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00035Other metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00089Zirconium or Zr-based alloys
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00035Other metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00095Niobium or Nb-based alloys
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00179Ceramics or ceramic-like structures
    • A61F2310/00185Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides
    • A61F2310/00203Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides containing alumina or aluminium oxide
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00179Ceramics or ceramic-like structures
    • A61F2310/00185Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides
    • A61F2310/00239Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides containing zirconia or zirconium oxide ZrO2
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00389The prosthesis being coated or covered with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00592Coating or prosthesis-covering structure made of ceramics or of ceramic-like compounds
    • A61F2310/00796Coating or prosthesis-covering structure made of a phosphorus-containing compound, e.g. hydroxy(l)apatite

Abstract

An implant for replacing a portion of an articular surface including a load bearing surface and a bone contacting region. The load bearing surface had a contour defined by a first curve string which is based on a contour of the articular surface being replaced in a first plane. The load bearing surface of the implant is further defined by the contour of the articular surface being replaced in a second plane, in which the first and second planes are mutually intersection planes.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the benefit of U.S. provisional patent application Ser. No. 60/654,989, filed Feb. 22, 2005. This application is also a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/373,463, filed Feb. 24, 2003 which is a continuation-in-part application of application Ser. No. 10/162,533, filed Jun. 4, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,679,917 which is itself a continuation-in-part application of application Ser. No. 10/024,077, filed Dec. 17, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,610,067 which is itself a continuation-in-part application of application Ser. No. 09/846,657, filed May 1, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,520,964 which claims priority from U.S. provisional application Ser. No. 60/201,049, filed May 1, 2000, all of which are incorporated herein for reference. The entire disclosures of all of the above-identified applications are incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD

The present disclosure is directed at a system and method for accessing an articular joint surface. The present disclosure is further directed at a method and system for replacing at least a portion of an articular surface.

BACKGROUND

Articular cartilage, found at the ends of articulating bone in the body, is typically composed of hyaline cartilage, which has many unique properties that allow it to function effectively as a smooth and lubricious load bearing surface. Hyaline cartilage problems, particularly in knee, hip joints, and should joints, are generally caused by disease such as occurs with rheumatoid arthritis or wear and tear (osteoarthritis), or secondary to an injury, either acute (sudden), or recurrent and chronic (ongoing). Such cartilage disease or deterioration can compromise the articular surface causing pain and eventually, loss of joint movement. As a result, various methods have been developed to treat and repair damaged or destroyed articular cartilage.

For smaller defects, traditional options for this type of problem include leaving the lesions or injury alone and living with it, or performing a procedure called abrasion arthroplasty or abrasion chondralplasty. The principle behind this procedure is to attempt to stimulate natural healing. The bone surface is drilled using a high speed rotary burr or shaving device and the surgeon removes about 1 mm of bone from the surface of the lesion. This creates an exposed subchondral bone bed that will bleed and will initiate a fibrocartilage healing response. One problem with this procedure is that the exposed bone is not as smooth as it originally was following the drilling and burring which tends to leave a series of ridges and valleys, affecting the durability of the fibrocartilage response. Further, although this procedure can provide good short term results, (1-3 years), fibrocartilage is seldom able to support long-term weight bearing and is prone to wear, soften and deteriorate.

Another procedure, called Microfracture incorporates some of the principles of drilling, abrasion and chondralplasty. During the procedure, the calcified cartilage layer of the chondral defect is removed. Several pathways or “microfractures” are created to the subchondral bleeding bone bed by impacting a metal pick or surgical awl at a minimum number of locations within the lesion. By establishing bleeding in the lesion and by creating a pathway to the subchondral bone, a fibrocartilage healing response is initiated, forming a replacement surface. Results for this technique may be expected to be similar to abrasion chondralplasty.

Another means used to treat damaged articular cartilage is a cartilage transplant. Essentially, this procedure involves moving cartilage from an outside source or other knee or from within the same knee into the defect. Typically, this is done by transferring a peg of cartilage with underlying bone and fixing it in place with a screw or pin or by a press fit. Although useful for smaller defects, large defects present a problem, as this procedure requires donor pegs proportionate to the recipient bed. Large diameter lesions may exceed the capacity to borrow from within the same knee joint and rule out borrowing from another source.

Larger defects, however, generally require a more aggressive intervention. Typically treatment requires replacing the articular surface with an implant or prosthetic having an outer layer that that is polished or composed of a material that provides a lubricious load bearing surface in approximation of an undamaged cartilage surface. Replacement of the articular surface requires first cutting, boring, or reaming the damaged area to remove the damaged cartilage. A recess to receive an implant or prosthetic is formed at the damaged site. The implant or prosthetic is then secured to the bone in an appropriate position in the recess.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The subject matter of the present disclosure is set forth by description of embodiments consistent therewith, which description should be considered in combination with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of an embodiment of an implant system including an implant consistent with the present disclosure and a fixation element that may be used in conjunction with the implant;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the embodiment of an implant system shown in FIG. 1 showing the implant assembled to the fixation element;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of another embodiment of an implant system consistent with the present disclosure including an implant and a fixation element;

FIG. 4 illustrates the implant system shown in FIG. 3 from another perspective;

FIG. 5 shows an ankle including a talus implant consistent with the present disclosure;

FIG. 6 shows an ankle including a talus implant consistent with the present disclosure;

FIG. 7 shows an ankle including a talus implant consistent with the present disclosure;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of another implant consistent with the present disclosure;

FIG. 9 shows the implant of FIG. 8 from another perspective;

FIG. 10 is a perspective view of yet another implant consistent with the present disclosure;

FIG. 11 shows the implant of FIG. 10 from another perspective; and

FIG. 12 shows of a trochlear implant consistent with the present disclosure.

DESCRIPTION

By way of overview, the present disclosure may provide an implant for replacing at least a portion of an articular surface. Furthermore, the present disclosure is also directed at a general design methodology for developing and producing a surface contour of an implant for replacing at least a portion of an articular surface. An implant consistent with the present disclosure may be provided having a load-bearing surface that is adapted to interact with a cooperating articulating feature. The cooperating articulating feature may include, for example, a cooperating articular surface, a cooperating surface of an implant replacing at least a portion of a cooperating articular surface, etc. In one embodiment, a portion of an articular surface to be replaced by an articular surface implant herein may be identified and replaced using a minimally invasive surgical procedure, for example, using diagnostic and/or surgical arthroscopy procedures. Generally, an implant according to the present disclosure may have a load bearing surface that may be based on an original geometry of an articular surface to be replaced by the implant.

Referring to FIGS. 1 through 4, an embodiment of an implant system 100 is schematically depicted in various views. The implant system 100 may be employed to replace at least a portion of an articular surface, e.g., at least a portion of an articular surface of a joint. As shown, the implant system 100 may generally include an articular surface implant 102 and a fixation element 104. The fixation element 104 may be capable of coupling the implant 102 to bone and/or other tissue in the region of the portion of the articular surface to be replaced by the implant 102. As shown in the illustrated embodiment of FIG. 1, the fixation element 104 may be provided as a separate component from the implant 102. In such an embodiment, the fixation element 104 may be capable of being coupled to the implant 102 and may be capable of being coupled to bone and/or tissue in the general region of the portion of the articular surface to be replaced by the implant system 100.

The articular surface implant 102 may generally include an implant body 106. The implant body 106 may have a load bearing surface 108 and a bone contacting region 110. The load bearing surface 108 may generally be configured to interact with a cooperating articulating feature, such as a cooperating articular surface, a cooperating articular surface implant, etc. In one embodiment, the implant body 106 may be at least partially received in an implant site provided by excising at least a portion of the articular surface and underlying bone. In such an embodiment, the load bearing surface 108 may be disposed generally replacing at least a portion of the excised articular surface. In an embodiment herein, the bone contacting region 110 may engage and/or contact subchondral within and/or forming at least a portion of a bottom of the implant site.

As mentioned previously, and consistent with the illustrated embodiment, the fixation element 104 maybe provided as a separate component from the implant 102. Providing the fixation element 104 as a separate component from the implant 102 may facilitate installation of the implant system 100. The fixation element 104 may first be coupled to bone and/or other tissue in and/or around the implant site. The implant 102 may then be positioned relative to the surrounding articular surface and the implant 102 may be coupled to the fixation element 104. In such a manner, the implant 102 may be secured in position relative to the articular surface.

In the illustrated embodiment, the fixation element 104 is depicted as a screw-type feature. Consistent with this illustrated embodiment, the fixation element 104 may be threadably engaged with bone and/or other tissue in and/or around the implant site. In addition to engaging bone and/or other tissue, a screw-type fixation element 104 may also facilitate depth positioning of the fixation element 104, and thereby depth positioning of the implant 102, relative to the articular surface. Suitable screw-type fixation elements are known in the art, for example, from U.S. Pat. No. 6,520,964, issued on Feb. 18, 2003. Consistent with various alternative embodiments, the fixation element may be configured having a barbed member or other similar features capable of engaging bone and/or other tissue in and/or around the implant site. In still other embodiments, the fixation element may include features that may be adhesively coupled to bone and/or other tissue in and/or around the implant site.

As illustrated, in an embodiment consistent with the present disclosure, the implant 102 and the fixation element 104 may be provided as separate components. The implant 102 may be coupled to the fixation element 104 to, at least in part, secure the implant 102 in position in the implant site. The implant 102 and the fixation element 104 may, accordingly, include interacting features wherein the implant 102 and fixation element 104 are capable of being coupled to one another. An embodiment of an implant 102 may be provided including a post 112 extending from the implant body 106. The fixation element 104 may include an opening 114 capable of receiving at least a portion of the post 112. In one such embodiment, the post 112 and the opening 114 may be provided having complimentary precision tapers. The implant 102 and the fixation element 104 may be coupled to one another by inserting the post 112 into the opening 114 and pressing the features together, e.g., as by applying an impact force. The precision taper of the post 112 and the opening 114 may achieve a secure frictional interaction between the implant 102 and the fixation element 104.

Various additional and/or alternative features and/or arrangements may be utilized for coupling the implant and the fixation element within the context of the present disclosure. Furthermore, in various embodiments in which the implant and the fixation element are provided as separate components, the implant and the fixation element may be assembled to one another prior to installation into an implant site. Consistent with some such embodiments, the fixation element may be configured to engage and/or to be coupled to bone and/or tissue in and/or around the implant site during installation. In one such embodiment, the fixation element may include a barbed post or similar feature. According to still further embodiments, the implant and the fixation element may be provided as a unitary structure.

The illustrated implant system 100 depicted in FIGS. 1 through 7 shows an implant 102 configured to replace a portion of the articular surface of the talus. Particularly, the illustrated implant system 100 shown in FIGS. 1 through 7 is configured to replace at least a portion of the lateral ridge of the trochlear surface of the talus, which articulates with the tibia. Damage to the lateral ridge of the trochlear surface of the talus may include fracture or shearing off of a portion of the ridge resulting from trauma. From a general perspective, the load bearing surface 108 may have a contour and/or geometry that may be capable of cooperating with an interacting articulating feature, including a cooperating articular surface, at least a portion of an implant replacing at least a portion of a cooperating articular surface, etc. In the context of the illustrated embodiment, the load bearing surface 108 may have a contour and/or geometry that may be capable of cooperating with an interacting articular surface of a tibia. According to a related embodiment in the context of the illustrated embodiment, the load bearing surface 108 of the implant 102 may include a geometry and/or contour that may be capable of cooperating with an interacting surface of an implant replacing at least a portion of an articular surface of a tibia.

Consistent with the foregoing, an implant may include a load bearing surface having a contour and/or geometry that may be capable of cooperating with an interacting articulating surface. In one embodiment, the load bearing surface may have a contour and/or geometry that may generally approximate and/or be based on a contour and/or geometry of the portion of the articular surface being replaced by the implant. In an embodiment, the portion of the articular surface being replaced may be mapped using various know techniques to quantitatively and/or qualitatively assess the contour and/or geometry of the portion of the articular surface that may be replaced by the implant. An implant may be constructed and/or selected from a set of implants having various contours and/or geometries. Consistent with such an embodiment, the load bearing surface of the implant may be based on the contour and/or geometry of the portion of the articular surface to be replaced by the implant. In an alternative embodiment, an implant may be fabricated or selected from a set of standard size and/or shape implants to provide a general approximation of the articular surface being replaced. Selection and/or fabrication of an implant may rely on various degrees of quantitative reference to the articular surface being replaced, including no quantitative reference to the articular surface.

Referring to FIGS. 1 through 4, according to one aspect, a contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface 108 of an implant 102 may generally be defined by a first curve string 116 and a second curve string 118. As used in any embodiment herein, a curve string may include a single curve and/or a plurality of curves joined together curves in a plane. The first curve string 116 and the second curve string 118 generally defining the contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface 108 may be disposed in intersecting planes. In the illustrated embodiment, the plane of the first curve string 116 and the plane of the second curve string 118 may generally be mutually perpendicular. Various other angular relationships of the planes including the first curve string 116 and the second curve string 118 may also suitably be employed herein.

A design methodology capable of achieving a load bearing surface of an implant herein may include providing a curve string defining a contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface and sweeping the curve string along another curve string defining an intersecting contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface. As alluded to above, curve strings defining the contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface may be derived based on mapped curves and/or approximations of curves of a portion of an articular surface to be replace, a portion of a cooperating articulating feature, etc. In one such embodiment, measurements of the contour and/or geometry of the portion of the articular surface to be replaced may be taken. Measurement of the contour and/or geometry of the portion of the articular surface to be replaced by the implant may be achieved using direct contact contour mapping of the articular surface, e.g., measuring relative heights of various regions of the articular surface, and/or using various imaging techniques, such as radiological imaging techniques.

According to one embodiment, the load bearing surface 108 may have a contour and/or geometry corresponding to the second curve string 118 lofted over the first curve string 116. In one such embodiment, the contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface 108 may be achieved by sweeping the second curve string 118 along the first curve 116 while maintaining the second curve 118 normal to the first curve 116. In such an embodiment, the first curve 116 may be provided in a first plane, e.g. a plane defined by the X and Z axis. The second curve 118 may be provided in a perpendicular plane. The angular pitch of the perpendicular plane relative to the first plane may vary along the first curve 116 to maintain the second curve 118 normal to the first curve 116 along the sweep of the first curve 116. According to another embodiment, the second curve 118 may be swept along the first curve 116 with the first curve 116 and the second curve 118 in orthogonal planes. For example, the first curve 116 may be provided in a first plane, e.g., a plane defined by the Y and Z axis and the second curve may be provided in an orthogonal plane, e.g., a plane defined by the X and Z axis. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, an embodiment of an implant provided consistent with the preceding design methodology may be generally symmetrical in each of the planes including the first curve string and the second curve string.

In another embodiment the load bearing surface 108 may have a contour and/or geometry resulting from a faired transition between the first curve string 116 and the second curve string 118. That is, the contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface 108 may be provided by a smooth transition between the first curve string 116 and the second curve string 118 at each quadrant between the first curve string 116 and the second curve string 118. In similar embodiments, providing a faired transition between the first curve string and the second curve string may be achieved using various averaging techniques known for surface generation. Various such averaging techniques are commonly employed in commercial surfacing design and solid modeling computer assisted drafting software packages.

The implant 102 may include a relieved edge 120 around the perimeter of the load bearing surface 108. The relieved edge 120 may include a rounded over, e.g., radiused, edge, a chamfer edge, etc. According to one aspect, when the implant 102 is installed in an articular surface and replacing at least a portion of the articular surface, the relieved edge 120 around the load bearing surface 108 may reduce the presence of a hard edge at a transition between the implant and surrounding articular surface. A reduction and/or elimination of a hard edge at the transition between the load bearing surface of the implant and the surrounding articular surface may reduce and/or eliminate scraping of an interacting articular surface during articulation of the joint. Additionally, the relieved edge 120 may accommodate manufacturing and/or installation tolerances. The relieved edge 120 may permit smooth operation of the joint in a situation in which the implant 102 sits slightly proud above and/or slightly recessed below the surrounding articular surface.

With particular reference to FIGS. 5 through 7, the load bearing surface 108 of the implant is depicted. As mentioned previously the illustrated implant system 100 may replace a portion of the lateral trochlear ridge of the talus. In one embodiment, an implant site may be prepared using a rotating excision tool, e.g., an excision blade rotating about an axis. Accordingly, the implant site may include a circular excision projected along the axis of rotation of the excision blade. In such an embodiment, the cross-sectional geometry of the implant may generally correspond to the intersection of a projected circular excision with the articular surface of the talus. Various additional and/or alternative excision site preparation tools and techniques are also be contemplated by the present disclosure, along with the attendant changes to the implant configuration.

The location of the fixation element and the orientation of the load bearing surface to the fixation element may be selected to provide secure and stable anchoring of the implant relative to the articular surface. In an embodiment, the implant system may have a configuration wherein the fixation element may extend into the talus at an angle to, and/or spaced from, the lateral ridge. Such a configuration may provide secure anchoring of the implant and/or may reduce the occurrence of tear-out and/or crumbling of the talus resulting from weakening of the talus caused by extension of the fixation element along the lateral face adjacent the trochlear surface. Various additional and/or alternative configurations may also be employed.

Turning to FIGS. 8 and 9, another embodiment of an implant 200 is shown. The illustrated implant 200 is generally configured to replace at least a portion of an articular surface of a patella. Similar to the previously described embodiment, the implant 200 may generally include an implant body 202 having a load bearing surface 204. The load bearing surface 204 of the illustrated implant 200 may have a contour and/or geometry that may suitably replace at least a portion of an articular surface of a patella. The implant 200 may also include a post 206 capable of coupling with a fixation element (not shown) for anchoring the implant 200 to an articular surface and/or underlying bone. Various other features in addition to, or as an alternative to, a post may be employed for coupling the implant 200 to a fixation element. Furthermore, an embodiment of an implant herein may be provided including an integral fixation element. In such an embodiment, the feature for coupling to a fixation element may optionally be excluded.

Similar to the preceding embodiment, the load bearing surface 204 of the implant 200 may be defined by a first curve string 208 and a second curve string 210. The contour and/or geometry of the load bearing surface 204 may be provided as the first curve string 208 lofted over the second curve string 210, and/or vice-versa. As previously described, the lofted load bearing surface 204 may be achieved by sweeping the first curve string 208 along the second curve string 210. In another embodiment, the load bearing surface of the implant may be provided using averaging algorithms to provide a faired surface in between the first curve string and the second curve string.

Yet another embodiment of an implant 300 is depicted with reference to FIGS. 10 and 11. The illustrated implant 300 may be capable of replacing at least a portion of a trochlear articular surface, for example a trochlear articular surface of a humerus, etc. As with the previously described embodiments, the implant 300 may generally include an implant body 302 having a load bearing surface 304. The load bearing surface 304 may be defined by a first curve string 306 and a second curve string 308. The load bearing surface 304 may be provided by sweeping the second curve string 308 along the first curve string 306 consistent with the previously described design methodology. Furthermore, the load bearing surface may also be provided as a faired surface defined by a first and second intersecting curve string.

Referring to FIG. 12, a model articular surface is shown including an implant capable of replacing at least a portion of a trochlear surface is shown. The implant depicted in FIG. 12 may be generally consistent with the embodiment described with reference to FIGS. 10 and 11. The load bearing surface of the implant, visible in the photograph of the model, may generally have a contour and/or geometry that may generally correspond to the portion of the articular surface being replaced by the implant. In such an embodiment, the implant may provide smooth interaction with a cooperating articular surface, such as depicted in FIG. 12. As previously described, in one embodiment an implant site may be created in an articular surface using a rotating excision tool. A rotating excision tool may provide a circular cutting path that may be projected into the articular surface and/or the underlying subchondral bone. The shape of the implant may, in such an embodiment, generally correspond to the intersection of the circular cutting path and the articular surface.

In summary, according to one aspect, an implant may be provided for replacing a portion of an articular surface. The implant may include a load bearing surface having a contour defined by a first curve string based on a contour of the articular surface in a first plane and by a second curve string based on a contour of the articular surface in a second plane. The first and second planes may be planes which intersect one another. The implant may further include a bone contacting surface.

According to another aspect, the present disclosure may provide an implant system for replacing a portion of an articular surface. The implant system may include an implant having a load bearing surface which is defined by a first and a second curve string. The first curve string may be based on a contour of the articular surface in a first plane and the second curve string may be based on a contour of the articular surface in a second plane. The first and second planes may intersect one another. The implant system may also include a fixation element capable of engaging bone and capable of being coupled to the implant.

According to yet another aspect, the present disclosure may provide a method of forming an implant. The method may include measuring a contour of an articular surface in a first plane and measuring a contour of the articular surface in a second plane, in which the first and second planes are intersecting planes. The method may further include providing an implant body having a load bearing surface. The load bearing surface of the implant body may have a contour defined by the contour of the articular surface in the first plane and the contour of the articular surface in the second plane.

While the embodiments of the implant system illustrated and described above are provided in the context of an implant configured to replace at least a portion of the talus, patella, and humerus trochlea, an implant consistent with the present disclosure may be sized and shaped for replacing at least a portion of various other articular surfaces of the body. Accordingly, consistent with the present disclosure, an implant system may be provided to replace at least a portion of various articular surfaces in addition to a portion of an articular surface of a talus. For example, an implant herein may suitably be employed to replace a portion of an articular surface of a knee joint, a hip joint, a shoulder joint, etc. Accordingly, the foregoing example should not be construed as limiting on the application of an implant consistent with the present disclosure.

Claims (13)

1. An implant for replacing a portion of an articular surface comprising:
a load bearing surface having a contour defined by a first curve string based on a contour of said articular surface in a first plane and a second curve string based on a contour of said articular surface in at least a second plane, wherein said second curve string is swept along said first curve string while maintaining said second curve string normal to said first curve string; and
a bone contacting surface;
wherein said first curve string is based on a plurality of measurements of the articular surface in the first plane and wherein said second curve string is based on a plurality of measurements of the articular surface in the second plane.
2. An implant according to claim 1, wherein said first and second planes are orthogonal.
3. An implant according to claim 1, further comprising an attachment feature capable of coupling to one of a fixation element or an implant site.
4. An implant according to claim 3, wherein said attachment feature comprises a tapered post capable of engaging a fixation element.
5. An implant according to claim 1, wherein said load bearing surface is relieved around at least a portion of a perimeter of said load bearing surface.
6. An implant system for replacing a portion of an articular surface comprising;
an implant having a load bearing surface defined by a first curve string based on a contour of said articular surface in a first plane and a second curve string based on a contour of said articular surface in a second plane, said first and second planes intersecting, wherein said second curve string is swept along said first curve string while maintaining said second curve string normal to said first curve string; and
a fixation element capable of engaging bone and capable of being coupled to said implant;
wherein said first curve string is based on a plurality of measurements of the articular surface in the first plane and wherein said second curve string is based on a plurality of measurements of the articular surface in the second plane.
7. A system according to claim 6, wherein said first and second planes are orthogonal.
8. A system according to claim 6, wherein said fixation element comprises a threaded region capable of engaging bone.
9. A system according to claim 6, wherein said fixation element comprises an opening and said implant comprises a protrusion capable of being at least partially received in said opening for coupling said implant and said fixation element.
10. A method of forming an implant comprising:
measuring a contour of an articular surface in a first plane based on a plurality of measurements of the articular surface in the first plane;
measuring a contour of said articular surface in a second plane based on a plurality of measurements of the articular surface in the second plane, and
providing an implant body having a load bearing surface, said load bearing surface having a contour defined by said contour of said articular surface in said second plane swept along said contour of said articular surface in said first plane while maintaining said second plane normal to said first plane.
11. A method according to claim 10, wherein said first and second planes are orthogonal.
12. A method according to claim 10, said implant body further comprising a bone contacting surface.
13. A method according to claim 10, wherein measuring said contour of said articular surface in one of said first plane and said second plane comprises one of direct contact contour mapping and radiographic imaging.
US11359891 2000-05-01 2006-02-22 Articular surface implant Active 2022-07-25 US7713305B2 (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US20104900 true 2000-05-01 2000-05-01
US09846657 US6520964B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2001-05-01 System and method for joint resurface repair
US10024077 US6610067B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2001-12-17 System and method for joint resurface repair
US10162533 US6679917B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2002-06-04 System and method for joint resurface repair
US10373463 US7678151B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-02-24 System and method for joint resurface repair
US65498905 true 2005-02-22 2005-02-22
US11359891 US7713305B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2006-02-22 Articular surface implant

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11359891 US7713305B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2006-02-22 Articular surface implant
US12027121 US8177841B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2008-02-06 System and method for joint resurface repair
US12397095 US7896883B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2009-03-03 Bone resurfacing system and method
US12778055 US20100312342A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2010-05-11 Articular Surface Implant
US13037929 US9055955B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2011-03-01 Bone resurfacing system and method
US13470678 US8864827B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2012-05-14 System and method for joint resurface repair

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10373463 Continuation-In-Part US7678151B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-02-24 System and method for joint resurface repair

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12027121 Continuation-In-Part US8177841B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2008-02-06 System and method for joint resurface repair
US12778055 Continuation US20100312342A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2010-05-11 Articular Surface Implant

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20060229726A1 true US20060229726A1 (en) 2006-10-12
US7713305B2 true US7713305B2 (en) 2010-05-11

Family

ID=46323914

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11359891 Active 2022-07-25 US7713305B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2006-02-22 Articular surface implant
US12778055 Abandoned US20100312342A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2010-05-11 Articular Surface Implant

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12778055 Abandoned US20100312342A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2010-05-11 Articular Surface Implant

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (2) US7713305B2 (en)

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060020343A1 (en) * 2002-12-03 2006-01-26 Ek Steven W System for articular surface replacement
US20080300689A1 (en) * 2006-01-23 2008-12-04 Mc Kinnon Brian W Patellar Components
US20090088846A1 (en) * 2007-04-17 2009-04-02 David Myung Hydrogel arthroplasty device
US20100032090A1 (en) * 2008-08-05 2010-02-11 David Myung Polyurethane-Grafted Hydrogels
US20100268238A1 (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-10-21 Arthrosurface Incorporated Glenoid Resurfacing System and Method
US20100312343A1 (en) * 2009-06-04 2010-12-09 Linares Medical Devices, Llc Tip support insert for application to left/right articular processes to minimize abrasion between vertebrae and to maintain proper angle/lift for reducing nerve compression
US20100312342A1 (en) * 2000-05-01 2010-12-09 Arthrosurface Incorporated Articular Surface Implant
US20110054609A1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2011-03-03 Cook Stephen D Trochlear implants and methods of use
US20120010718A1 (en) * 2010-07-08 2012-01-12 Still Gregory P Partial ankle joint replacement implant
US8147559B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2012-04-03 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US8177841B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2012-05-15 Arthrosurface Inc. System and method for joint resurface repair
US8388624B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2013-03-05 Arthrosurface Incorporated Trochlear resurfacing system and method
US8523872B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2013-09-03 Arthrosurface Incorporated Tibial resurfacing system
US8540717B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2013-09-24 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US8556902B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2013-10-15 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for retrograde procedure
US8663230B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2014-03-04 Arthrosurface Incorporated Retrograde delivery of resurfacing devices
US8668743B2 (en) 2010-11-02 2014-03-11 Adam D. Perler Prosthetic device with multi-axis dual bearing assembly and methods for resection
US8728084B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2014-05-20 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Apparatus for repairing bone defects
US8747478B2 (en) 2011-02-14 2014-06-10 Imds Corporation Patellar prostheses and instrumentation
US8870884B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2014-10-28 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for repairing bone defects
US8883915B2 (en) 2008-07-07 2014-11-11 Biomimedica, Inc. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic interpenetrating polymer networks derived from hydrophobic polymers and methods of preparing the same
US8926615B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2015-01-06 Arthrosurface, Inc. System and method for retrograde procedure
US8961614B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2015-02-24 Arthrosurface, Inc. Articular surface implant and delivery system
US9009012B2 (en) 2011-09-02 2015-04-14 Episure IP Management AB Modular surgical kit for cartilage repair
US9055955B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2015-06-16 Arthrosurface Inc. Bone resurfacing system and method
US9066716B2 (en) 2011-03-30 2015-06-30 Arthrosurface Incorporated Suture coil and suture sheath for tissue repair
US9114024B2 (en) 2011-11-21 2015-08-25 Biomimedica, Inc. Systems, devices, and methods for anchoring orthopaedic implants to bone
US9357989B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2016-06-07 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US9358029B2 (en) 2006-12-11 2016-06-07 Arthrosurface Incorporated Retrograde resection apparatus and method
US9364333B1 (en) 2011-04-01 2016-06-14 The Lonnie and Shannon Paulos Trust Transosseous methods and systems for joint repair
US9468448B2 (en) 2012-07-03 2016-10-18 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurfacing and repair
US9492200B2 (en) 2013-04-16 2016-11-15 Arthrosurface Incorporated Suture system and method
US9655727B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2017-05-23 Stryker Corporation Extended patellofemoral
US9662126B2 (en) 2009-04-17 2017-05-30 Arthrosurface Incorporated Glenoid resurfacing system and method
US9675399B2 (en) 2011-02-14 2017-06-13 Michael D. Ries Patient specific implants and instrumentation for patellar prostheses
US9795489B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2017-10-24 L&K Biomed Co., Ltd System for a knee prosthetic
US9861492B2 (en) 2014-03-07 2018-01-09 Arthrosurface Incorporated Anchor for an implant assembly
US9907561B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2018-03-06 Wright Medical Technologies, Inc. Ankle replacement system and method
US9918724B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2018-03-20 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Ankle replacement system and method
US9925054B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-03-27 Drexel University Prosthetic ankle with conic saddle shaped joint
US9974588B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2018-05-22 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Ankle replacement system and method

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB201114417D0 (en) * 2009-02-23 2011-10-05 Arthrosurface Inc Nanorough alloy substrate
US7951163B2 (en) 2003-11-20 2011-05-31 Arthrosurface, Inc. Retrograde excision system and apparatus
EP2001414A4 (en) * 2006-03-23 2012-04-25 Exactech Inc Reverse shoulder prosthesis
EP2040624A2 (en) * 2006-07-17 2009-04-01 ArthroSurface, Inc. System and method for tissue resection
US8043375B2 (en) * 2008-03-06 2011-10-25 MoiRai Orthopaedic, LLC Cartilage implants
FR2928828B1 (en) * 2008-03-21 2010-04-02 Tornier Sa Resurfacing implant cartilage
US8012217B2 (en) * 2008-07-03 2011-09-06 Fellowship of Orthopaedic Researchers, LLC Talar implants and methods of use
US8343228B2 (en) * 2008-09-03 2013-01-01 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Arthroplastic implant with anchor peg for basilar joint and related methods
WO2012021779A3 (en) * 2010-08-13 2012-05-10 Smith & Nephew, Inc Instruments for knee placement
US8690956B2 (en) * 2010-08-23 2014-04-08 Fellowship Of Orthopaedic Researchers, Inc. Talar implants and methods of use

Citations (278)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6171340B2 (en)
US992819A (en) 1910-07-18 1911-05-23 Daniel E Springer Glass-cutter.
US1451610A (en) 1921-09-15 1923-04-10 Gestas Isidore Boring machine for paper
US2267925A (en) 1941-02-11 1941-12-30 Herbert A Johnston Fracture securing apparatus
US3176395A (en) 1963-12-27 1965-04-06 David H Warner Photoengraver's saber
US3840905A (en) 1972-09-18 1974-10-15 Nat Res Dev Endoprosthetic knee joint
US4016651A (en) 1974-09-25 1977-04-12 Kyoto Ceramic Co., Ltd. Device for implanting an artificial endosseous element of ceramics and an implant method for use of the device
US4034418A (en) 1975-05-26 1977-07-12 The Governing Council Of The University Of Toronto Artificial knee joint
US4044464A (en) 1976-07-27 1977-08-30 Georg Schiess Circular cutting device
FR2242068B1 (en) 1973-08-31 1978-09-15 Oscobal Ag
US4158894A (en) 1978-03-13 1979-06-26 Worrell Richard V Patellar prosthesis and method of implanting the same
DE2933174A1 (en) 1978-10-06 1980-04-10 Sulzer Ag Implant for partial replacement of a sliding surface of a human joint
US4344192A (en) 1980-07-14 1982-08-17 Imbert Jean C Full dual element prosthesis designed for the femoro-patellar joint
US4433687A (en) 1980-05-02 1984-02-28 Acufex Microsurgical, Inc. Microsurgical scissors
US4462120A (en) 1981-07-06 1984-07-31 Andre Rambert Total knee prosthesis
US4474177A (en) 1983-03-09 1984-10-02 Wright Manufacturing Company Method and apparatus for shaping a distal femoral surface
US4484570A (en) 1980-05-28 1984-11-27 Synthes Ltd. Device comprising an implant and screws for fastening said implant to a bone, and a device for connecting two separated pieces of bone
US4531517A (en) 1983-03-24 1985-07-30 Forte Thomas E Extractor for intramedullary fasteners
US4535768A (en) 1981-08-26 1985-08-20 South African Inventions Development Corporation Set of surgical instruments
DE3516743A1 (en) 1985-05-09 1986-11-13 Orthoplant Endoprothetik Endoprosthesis for a femoral head
US4634720A (en) 1985-02-19 1987-01-06 The Dow Chemical Company Process for the preparation of hard tissue prosthetics
US4655752A (en) 1983-10-24 1987-04-07 Acufex Microsurgical, Inc. Surgical cannula
US4661536A (en) 1985-02-19 1987-04-28 The Dow Chemical Company Process for the preparation of hard tissue prosthetics
US4662371A (en) 1983-01-26 1987-05-05 Whipple Terry L Surgical instrument
US4664669A (en) 1983-02-28 1987-05-12 Kuraray Co. Ltd. Composite hollow fiber-type separation membranes, processes for the preparation thereof and their use
US4673407A (en) 1985-02-20 1987-06-16 Martin Daniel L Joint-replacement prosthetic device
US4693986A (en) 1985-06-25 1987-09-15 Orthomatrix, Inc. Ceramic process and products
US4712545A (en) 1984-04-05 1987-12-15 Acufex Microsurgical, Inc. Surgical instrument
US4714478A (en) 1986-01-17 1987-12-22 Fischer William B Prosthesis, method, and tool for installing same
US4719908A (en) 1986-08-15 1988-01-19 Osteonics Corp. Method and apparatus for implanting a prosthetic device
US4729761A (en) 1985-11-27 1988-03-08 White Thomas C Tissue-implantable, fluid-dissipating device
US4823780A (en) 1984-03-14 1989-04-25 Odensten Magnus G Drill guiding and aligning device
US4842604A (en) 1985-02-19 1989-06-27 The Dow Chemical Company Composites of unsintered calcium phosphates and synthetic biodegradable polymers useful as hard tissue prosthetics
EP0350780A1 (en) 1988-07-13 1990-01-17 Mauro Rosa Centering device for providing bone tunnels in femoral condyles
US4896663A (en) 1988-10-14 1990-01-30 Boehringer Mannheim Corporation Self centering femoral drill jig
US4911153A (en) 1988-02-04 1990-03-27 Biomet, Inc. Orthopedic surgical instrument
US4927421A (en) 1989-05-15 1990-05-22 Marlowe Goble E Process of endosteal fixation of a ligament
US4940467A (en) 1988-02-03 1990-07-10 Tronzo Raymond G Variable length fixation device
US4976037A (en) 1988-03-21 1990-12-11 Hines Burl D Marking and cutting device
US4979957A (en) 1989-09-11 1990-12-25 Zimmer, Inc. Textured prosthetic implant
US4989110A (en) 1989-03-01 1991-01-29 Datatape Incorporated Full radius carrier to drum contact in a rotary head scanner
US4990163A (en) 1989-02-06 1991-02-05 Trustees Of The University Of Pennsylvania Method of depositing calcium phosphate cermamics for bone tissue calcification enhancement
US4997434A (en) 1983-02-16 1991-03-05 Seedhom Bahaa B Prosthetic ligaments and instruments for use in the surgical replacement of ligaments
US4998938A (en) 1988-06-09 1991-03-12 Neurodynamics, Inc. Removable skull mounted work platform and method of assembling same
US5007930A (en) 1985-02-19 1991-04-16 The Dow Chemical Company Composites of unsintered calcium phosphates and synthetic biodegradable polymers useful as hard tissue prosthetics
US5019104A (en) 1990-01-16 1991-05-28 Dow Corning Wright Corporation Patellar prosthesis and method of making the same
US5053049A (en) 1985-05-29 1991-10-01 Baxter International Flexible prostheses of predetermined shapes and process for making same
US5100405A (en) 1990-09-07 1992-03-31 Mclaren Alexander C Locking cap for medical implants
US5127920A (en) 1987-03-27 1992-07-07 Macarthur A Creig Prosthesis and methods for subtotal dome arthroplasty of the hip joint
EP0327387B1 (en) 1988-02-05 1992-09-09 British Technology Group Limited Orthopaedic joint components, tools and methods
US5192291A (en) 1992-01-13 1993-03-09 Interventional Technologies, Inc. Rotationally expandable atherectomy cutter assembly
US5201881A (en) 1991-08-13 1993-04-13 Smith & Nephew Richards Inc. Joint prosthesis with improved shock absorption
US5211647A (en) 1992-02-19 1993-05-18 Arthrex Inc. Interference screw and cannulated sheath for endosteal fixation of ligaments
US5224945A (en) 1992-01-13 1993-07-06 Interventional Technologies, Inc. Compressible/expandable atherectomy cutter
FR2676917B1 (en) 1991-05-29 1993-08-27 Omci Ankle prosthesis.
US5255838A (en) 1992-12-17 1993-10-26 Zimmer, Inc. Method of providing a threaded bore in a prosthetic implant
US5263987A (en) 1989-08-25 1993-11-23 Shah Mrugesh K Method and apparatus for arthroscopically replacing a bone joint
US5263498A (en) 1990-01-08 1993-11-23 Caspari Richard B Method of arthroscopically preparing an articular bone surface
US5282863A (en) 1985-06-10 1994-02-01 Charles V. Burton Flexible stabilization system for a vertebral column
US5290313A (en) 1992-11-23 1994-03-01 Zimmer, Inc. Offset prosthetic stem extension
US5312411A (en) 1992-10-27 1994-05-17 Smith & Nephew Richards, Inc. Uni-compartmental femoral knee instruments and prosthesis
US5314478A (en) 1991-03-29 1994-05-24 Kyocera Corporation Artificial bone connection prosthesis
US5336224A (en) 1992-11-30 1994-08-09 Ace Medical Company Bone fixation plate
US5354300A (en) 1993-01-15 1994-10-11 Depuy Inc. Drill guide apparatus for installing a transverse pin
US5358525A (en) 1992-12-28 1994-10-25 Fox John E Bearing surface for prosthesis and replacement of meniscal cartilage
US5360446A (en) 1992-12-18 1994-11-01 Zimmer, Inc. Interactive prosthesis design system for implantable prosthesis
US5374270A (en) 1991-12-13 1994-12-20 David A. McGuire Device and method for insertion of guide pin
US5383937A (en) 1990-04-11 1995-01-24 Mikhail; W. E. Michael Recessed patellar prosthesis
US5387218A (en) 1990-12-06 1995-02-07 University College London Surgical instrument for shaping a bone
FR2642301B1 (en) 1989-01-31 1995-03-03 Laboureau Jacques Philippe
US5395401A (en) 1991-06-17 1995-03-07 Bahler; Andre Prosthetic device for a complex joint
US5409494A (en) 1992-02-20 1995-04-25 Arthrex, Inc. PCL oriented placement tibial guide
US5413608A (en) 1992-09-24 1995-05-09 Waldemar Link Gmbh & Co. Knee joint endoprosthesis for replacing the articular surfaces of the tibia
US5423822A (en) 1993-01-27 1995-06-13 Biomet, Inc. Method and apparatus for preparing a bone for receiving a prosthetic device
FR2718014A1 (en) 1994-04-05 1995-10-06 Chagneau Francis Anchor screw assembly for joint prosthesis cup implant
US5480443A (en) 1992-01-31 1996-01-02 Elias; Sarmed G. Artifical implant component and method for securing same
US5486178A (en) 1994-02-16 1996-01-23 Hodge; W. Andrew Femoral preparation instrumentation system and method
US5509918A (en) 1993-05-11 1996-04-23 David Romano Method and apparatus for drilling a curved bore in an object
US5520695A (en) 1992-02-14 1996-05-28 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Instruments for use in knee replacement surgery
US5522900A (en) * 1993-12-17 1996-06-04 Avanta Orthopaedics Prosthetic joint and method of manufacture
US5534031A (en) 1992-01-28 1996-07-09 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Prosthesis for spanning a space formed upon removal of an intervertebral disk
US5540696A (en) 1995-01-06 1996-07-30 Zimmer, Inc. Instrumentation for use in orthopaedic surgery
US5580353A (en) 1994-04-19 1996-12-03 Mendes; David Prosthetic patella implant of the knee joint
US5593450A (en) 1995-02-27 1997-01-14 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Oval domed shaped patella prosthesis
US5595193A (en) 1993-02-12 1997-01-21 Walus; Richard L. Tool for implanting a fiducial marker
US5601550A (en) 1994-10-25 1997-02-11 Esser; Rene D. Pelvic pin guide system for insertion of pins into iliac bone
EP0485678B1 (en) 1989-10-24 1997-02-12 Societe Civile Essor Hip joint prosthesis
US5616146A (en) 1994-05-16 1997-04-01 Murray; William M. Method and apparatus for machining bone to fit an orthopedic surgical implant
US5620055A (en) 1989-05-02 1997-04-15 Javerlhac Jean C Plow disk of the type intended to be mounted free in rotation on a shaft integral with the frame of a plow
US5624463A (en) 1987-07-20 1997-04-29 Regen Biologics, Inc. Prosthetic articular cartilage
US5632745A (en) 1995-02-07 1997-05-27 R&D Biologicals, Inc. Surgical implantation of cartilage repair unit
US5645598A (en) 1996-01-16 1997-07-08 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Spinal fusion device with porous material
US5681311A (en) 1994-09-15 1997-10-28 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Osteosynthesis apparatus
US5682886A (en) 1995-12-26 1997-11-04 Musculographics Inc Computer-assisted surgical system
US5683466A (en) 1996-03-26 1997-11-04 Vitale; Glenn C. Joint surface replacement system
US5683465A (en) 1996-03-18 1997-11-04 Shinn; Gary Lee Artificial intervertebral disk prosthesis
US5683400A (en) 1991-12-13 1997-11-04 Mcguire; David A. Graft preparation table
FR2739151B1 (en) 1995-09-22 1997-11-28 Numedic Fixing device of a part on a support
US5700264A (en) 1996-07-01 1997-12-23 Zucherman; James F. Apparatus and method for preparing a site for an interbody fusion implant
US5702465A (en) * 1996-05-13 1997-12-30 Sulzer Orthopedics Inc. Patella prosthesis having rotational and translational freedom
US5702401A (en) 1993-06-23 1997-12-30 Shaffer; Benjamin Intra-articular measuring device
US5702467A (en) 1996-06-12 1997-12-30 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Patellar resurfacing component
US5741266A (en) 1996-09-19 1998-04-21 Biomet, Inc. Pin placement guide and method of making a bone entry hole for implantation of an intramedullary nail
US5769899A (en) 1994-08-12 1998-06-23 Matrix Biotechnologies, Inc. Cartilage repair unit
US5769855A (en) 1993-07-06 1998-06-23 Zimmer Inc. Femoral milling instrumentation for use in total knee arthroplasty with optional cutting guide attachment
US5771310A (en) 1996-12-30 1998-06-23 Shriners Hospitals For Children Method and apparatus for recording three-dimensional topographies
US5776137A (en) 1995-05-31 1998-07-07 Katz; Lawrence Method and apparatus for locating bone cuts at the distal condylar femur region to receive a knee prosthesis
US5782835A (en) 1995-03-07 1998-07-21 Innovasive Devices, Inc. Apparatus and methods for articular cartilage defect repair
US5810851A (en) 1996-03-05 1998-09-22 Yoon; Inbae Suture spring device
US5817095A (en) 1996-02-22 1998-10-06 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Undercutting surgical instrument
US5824105A (en) 1994-08-04 1998-10-20 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Asymmetric femoral prosthesis
USRE36020E (en) 1992-06-08 1998-12-29 Orthopedic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for tying suture to bone
US5882350A (en) 1995-04-13 1999-03-16 Fastenetix, Llc Polyaxial pedicle screw having a threaded and tapered compression locking mechanism
US5885298A (en) 1994-02-23 1999-03-23 Biomet, Inc. Patellar clamp and reamer with adjustable stop
US5885297A (en) 1996-06-21 1999-03-23 Matsen, Iii; Frederick A. Joint replacement method and apparatus
US5888210A (en) 1992-10-12 1999-03-30 Draenert; Klaus Stem of a femoral component of a hip joint endoprosthesis
US5893889A (en) 1997-06-20 1999-04-13 Harrington; Michael Artificial disc
US5911126A (en) 1994-05-22 1999-06-08 Massen; Robert Method and arrangement for digitized three-dimensional sensing of the shape of bodies or body parts
US5919196A (en) 1995-02-16 1999-07-06 Arthrex, Inc. Method and apparatus for osteochondral autograft transplantation
US5918604A (en) 1997-02-12 1999-07-06 Arthrex, Inc. Method of loading tendons into the knee
US5928286A (en) 1996-05-28 1999-07-27 Howmedica International Inc. Tibial element for a replacement knee prosthesis
US5928239A (en) 1998-03-16 1999-07-27 University Of Washington Percutaneous surgical cavitation device and method
US5964808A (en) 1996-07-11 1999-10-12 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Knee prosthesis
US5964768A (en) 1993-01-21 1999-10-12 Acumed, Inc. Tapered bone screw with continuously varying pitch
US5964752A (en) 1998-02-02 1999-10-12 Stone; Kevin R. Articular cartilage surface shaping apparatus and method
US5968050A (en) 1997-12-05 1999-10-19 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Positioning a tibial tunnel
US5989269A (en) 1996-08-30 1999-11-23 Vts Holdings L.L.C. Method, instruments and kit for autologous transplantation
US5990382A (en) 1990-08-29 1999-11-23 Biomedical Enterprises, Inc. Method and implant for surgical manipulation of bone
US5997582A (en) 1998-05-01 1999-12-07 Weiss; James M. Hip replacement methods and apparatus
US5997543A (en) 1997-02-21 1999-12-07 Biomet Limited Surgical instrumentation
US6004323A (en) 1997-02-04 1999-12-21 The University Of Iowa Research Foundation Surgically implantable fastening system
US6010502A (en) 1995-12-19 2000-01-04 Spine-Tech, Inc. Method and apparatus for conjoining bone bodies
US6015411A (en) 1996-10-23 2000-01-18 Nagoya Screw Mfg. Co., Ltd. Bone excavating apparatus for repairing ligament and a bone tunnel forming method
US6019767A (en) 1990-07-16 2000-02-01 Arthrotek Tibial guide
US6045564A (en) 1996-08-02 2000-04-04 Stryker Corporation Multi-purpose surgical tool system
US6052909A (en) 1998-08-26 2000-04-25 Gardner; Mark T. Hand-held oval cutting device
US6059831A (en) 1999-03-31 2000-05-09 Biomet, Inc. Method of implanting a uni-condylar knee prosthesis
US6071310A (en) 1997-05-20 2000-06-06 George J. Picha Spinal implant
US6081741A (en) 1998-06-05 2000-06-27 Vector Medical, Inc. Infrared surgical site locating device and method
US6086593A (en) 1998-06-30 2000-07-11 Bonutti; Peter M. Method and apparatus for use in operating on a bone
US6120542A (en) 1995-06-08 2000-09-19 Camino; Thomas S. Large taper modular shoulder prosthesis
US6146385A (en) 1997-02-11 2000-11-14 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Repairing cartilage
US6149654A (en) 1998-05-21 2000-11-21 Johnson; Lanny L. Intra-articular drill
US6159216A (en) 1998-09-09 2000-12-12 Sulzer Orthopedics Inc. Combination tibial preparation instrumentation
US6165223A (en) 1999-03-01 2000-12-26 Biomet, Inc. Floating bearing knee joint prosthesis with a fixed tibial post
US6168626B1 (en) 1994-09-21 2001-01-02 Bmg Incorporated Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene molded article for artificial joints and method of preparing the same
US6171340B1 (en) 1998-02-27 2001-01-09 Mcdowell Charles L. Method and device for regenerating cartilage in articulating joints
US6193724B1 (en) 1998-11-25 2001-02-27 Kwan-Ho Chan Apparatus and method for determining the relative position of bones during surgery
US6206885B1 (en) 1998-04-14 2001-03-27 Fathali Ghahremani Catheter guide and drill guide apparatus and method for perpendicular insertion into a cranium orifice
US6217619B1 (en) 1997-12-05 2001-04-17 GMT GESELLSCHAFT FüR MEDIZINISCHE TECHNIK MBH Endoprosthesis for a least partial replacement of a tibia
US6217549B1 (en) 1997-02-28 2001-04-17 Lumend, Inc. Methods and apparatus for treating vascular occlusions
US6235060B1 (en) 1996-11-13 2001-05-22 Hjs Gelenk System Gmbh Artificial joint, in particular endoprosthesis for replacing natural joints
US6251143B1 (en) 1999-06-04 2001-06-26 Depuy Orthopaedics, Inc. Cartilage repair unit
US20010012967A1 (en) 1996-06-14 2001-08-09 Raphael Mosseri Total hip prosthesis adapted to be implanted endo-articularly and its auxiliary device
US6280474B1 (en) 1997-01-09 2001-08-28 Neucoll, Inc. Devices for tissue repair and methods for preparation and use thereof
US6299645B1 (en) 1999-07-23 2001-10-09 William S. Ogden Dove tail total knee replacement unicompartmental
US6299648B1 (en) 2000-03-17 2001-10-09 Hammill Manufacturing Co. Locking hip prosthesis
US6306142B1 (en) 1998-07-17 2001-10-23 Johnson & Johnson Method and apparatus for harvesting and implanting bone plugs
US20010039455A1 (en) 2000-03-14 2001-11-08 Timothy Simon Cartilage repair plug
US6315798B1 (en) * 1994-10-05 2001-11-13 Howmedica International S. De R.L. Prosthetic implant attachment surface
US6322500B1 (en) 1996-12-23 2001-11-27 University Of Massachusetts Minimally invasive surgical apparatus
US6328752B1 (en) 1995-10-31 2001-12-11 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Method for positioning a surgical instrument relative to a surgical handpiece
US20010056266A1 (en) 2000-04-26 2001-12-27 Tallarida Steven J. Implantable hemodialysis access device
US6342075B1 (en) 2000-02-18 2002-01-29 Macarthur A. Creig Prosthesis and methods for total knee arthroplasty
US6358251B1 (en) 2000-03-21 2002-03-19 University Of Washington Method and apparatus for forming a cavity in soft tissue or bone
US6375658B1 (en) 2000-04-28 2002-04-23 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Cartilage grafting
US6383188B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2002-05-07 The Spineology Group Llc Expandable reamer
US20020055783A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2002-05-09 Tallarida Steven J. System and method for joint resurface repair
US6415516B1 (en) 2000-11-17 2002-07-09 Javier B. Tirado Power cutting device
US20020106393A1 (en) 2000-02-10 2002-08-08 Bianchi John R. Assembled implant, including mixed-composition segment
US6443954B1 (en) 2001-04-24 2002-09-03 Dale G. Bramlet Femoral nail intramedullary system
GB2372707A (en) 2001-01-05 2002-09-04 Derek James Wallace Mcminn An instrument and femoral implant for use in hip resurfacing
US20020138150A1 (en) 2001-03-26 2002-09-26 Sulzer Orthopedics, Ltd. Knee prosthesis
US6461373B2 (en) 2000-05-26 2002-10-08 Arthrex, Inc. Biointerference screw fixation technique
US20020147498A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2002-10-10 Tallarida Steven J. System and method for joint resurface repair
US6468309B1 (en) 2000-10-05 2002-10-22 Cleveland Clinic Foundation Method and apparatus for stabilizing adjacent bones
US6478801B1 (en) 2001-07-16 2002-11-12 Third Millennium Engineering, Llc Insertion tool for use with tapered trial intervertebral distraction spacers
US6478178B2 (en) 2001-03-08 2002-11-12 Donald C. Montgomery Fermentation lock for wine barrel
US6482210B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2002-11-19 Orthopaedic Biosystems, Ltd., Inc. Soft tissue/ligament to bone fixation device with inserter
US6494914B2 (en) 2000-12-05 2002-12-17 Biomet, Inc. Unicondylar femoral prosthesis and instruments
US20030028196A1 (en) 2000-01-14 2003-02-06 Bonutti Peter M. Method of performing surgery
US6527754B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-03-04 Std Manufacturing, Inc. Implantable vascular access device
US6530956B1 (en) 1998-09-10 2003-03-11 Kevin A. Mansmann Resorbable scaffolds to promote cartilage regeneration
US6537274B1 (en) 2000-09-28 2003-03-25 Biomet, Inc. Fixation screw, detachable pin, guide, and frame
US20030060887A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-03-27 Ek Steven W. System and method for joint resurface repair
US6540786B2 (en) 1995-08-23 2003-04-01 Jean Chibrac Joint prosthesis members and method for making same
US20030065391A1 (en) 2001-10-01 2003-04-03 Scandius Biomedical, Inc. Apparatus and method for reconstructing a ligament
US6551322B1 (en) 2000-10-05 2003-04-22 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Apparatus for implantation into bone
US20030105465A1 (en) 2001-11-13 2003-06-05 Reinhold Schmieding Implant screw and washer assembly and method of fixation
US20030120278A1 (en) 2000-05-26 2003-06-26 Morgan Craig D. Retrograde fixation technique with insert-molded interference screw
US6585666B2 (en) 1998-10-13 2003-07-01 The Administrators Of The Tulane Educational Fund Arthroscopic diagnostic probe to measure mechanical properties of articular cartilage
US20030130741A1 (en) 2002-01-07 2003-07-10 Mcminn Derek James Wallace Hip prosthesis
US6591581B2 (en) 2000-03-08 2003-07-15 Arthrex, Inc. Method for preparing and inserting round, size specific osteochondral cores in the knee
US6599321B2 (en) 2000-06-13 2003-07-29 Edward R. Hyde, Jr. Magnetic array implant and prosthesis
US6607561B2 (en) 2001-10-02 2003-08-19 James Kevin Brannon Biaxial core compression
US20030171756A1 (en) 2002-02-12 2003-09-11 Fallin T. Wade Surgical milling instrument for shaping a bone cavity
US20030204195A1 (en) 2002-04-24 2003-10-30 Michael Keane Device for inserting surgical implants
US20030216669A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2003-11-20 Imaging Therapeutics, Inc. Methods and compositions for articular repair
US20030225456A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-12-04 Ek Steven W. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20030225457A1 (en) 2002-05-24 2003-12-04 Justin Daniel F. Femoral components for knee arthroplasty
US20040034359A1 (en) 2002-08-09 2004-02-19 Reinhold Schmieding Retrograde osteochondral autograft transfer system
US20040034437A1 (en) 2002-08-15 2004-02-19 Reinhold Schmieding Osteochondral repair using plug fashioned from whole distal femur or condyle formed of hydrogel composition
JP3504932B2 (en) 2001-10-11 2004-03-08 西松建設株式会社 Shield excavating machine and method of the cutter bit exchange
WO2004014261A3 (en) 2002-08-08 2004-03-11 Uri Arnin Elastomeric covers for orthopedic implants
US20040082906A1 (en) 1998-07-22 2004-04-29 Tallarida Steven J. Vascular suction cannula, dilator and surgical stapler
US20040106928A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2004-06-03 Steven Ek Tibial resurfacing system
US6746451B2 (en) 2001-06-01 2004-06-08 Lance M. Middleton Tissue cavitation device and method
WO2004026170A3 (en) 2002-09-20 2004-06-10 Uri Arnin Mechanically attached elastomeric cover for prosthesis
US6755837B2 (en) 2002-09-23 2004-06-29 Maxilon Laboratories, Inc. Apparatus and method for harvesting bone
US20040133276A1 (en) 2002-10-07 2004-07-08 Imaging Therapeutics, Inc. Minimally invasive joint implant with 3-Dimensional geometry matching the articular surfaces
US20040138758A1 (en) 2002-06-13 2004-07-15 Evans Douglas G. Devices and methods for treating defects in the tissue of a living being
US20040148030A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2004-07-29 Ek Steven W. System and method for joint resurface repair
US6770078B2 (en) 2000-01-14 2004-08-03 Peter M. Bonutti Movable knee implant and methods therefor
US20040153087A1 (en) 2003-02-04 2004-08-05 Sanford Adam H. Provisional orthopedic implant with removable guide
US6783551B1 (en) 1998-12-30 2004-08-31 Biomet, Inc. Method and apparatus for enabling access to an intramedullary canal of a femur through a femoral knee joint prosthesis
EP0903125B1 (en) 1997-09-09 2004-09-08 DePuy Products, Inc. Cushioned joint prosthesis
US20040193281A1 (en) 1999-02-19 2004-09-30 Grimes James B. Bone prosthesis and method of implantation
US20040199166A1 (en) 2003-03-18 2004-10-07 Reinhold Schmieding ACL reconstruction technique using retrodrill
US6802864B2 (en) * 2001-10-30 2004-10-12 Toriner Sa Patellar implant and knee prosthesis incorporating such an implant
US6814735B1 (en) 2000-07-28 2004-11-09 Biomet Merck Gmbh Device for aligning a guide template
US20040230315A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2004-11-18 Ek Steven W. Articular surface implant
US6827722B1 (en) 2001-12-11 2004-12-07 Biomet, Inc. Method and apparatus for use of a guide wire capturing surgical instrument
US20040260303A1 (en) 2003-06-17 2004-12-23 Carrison Harold F. Apparatus and methods for delivering compounds into vertebrae for vertebroplasty
US20050015153A1 (en) 2002-05-24 2005-01-20 Medicine Lodge, Inc. Implants and related methods and apparatus for securing an implant on an articulating surface of an orthopedic joint
US20050038520A1 (en) 2003-08-11 2005-02-17 Francois Binette Method and apparatus for resurfacing an articular surface
US20050043808A1 (en) 1994-05-06 2005-02-24 Advanced Bio Surfaces, Inc. Knee joint prosthesis
US6860902B2 (en) * 1999-10-22 2005-03-01 Advanced Total Ankles, Inc. Ankle replacement system
US20050065612A1 (en) 2003-09-24 2005-03-24 Winslow Nathan A. Extended articular surface resurfacing head
US20050075642A1 (en) 2001-12-19 2005-04-07 Felt Jeffrey C. Bone smoothing method and system
US6884246B1 (en) 1999-11-10 2005-04-26 Depuy International Limited Bone resection device
US20050143731A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2005-06-30 Medicinelodge, Inc. Tibial condylar hemiplasty tissue preparation instruments and methods
US20050143831A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2005-06-30 Medicinelodge, Inc. Tibial condylar hemiplasty implants, anchor assemblies, and related methods
US20050143745A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2005-06-30 Medicinelodge, Inc. Instruments and methods for preparing a joint articulation surface for an implant
US20050154398A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2005-07-14 Anthony Miniaci Retrograde delivery of resurfacing devices
US6923813B2 (en) 2003-09-03 2005-08-02 Kyphon Inc. Devices for creating voids in interior body regions and related methods
US6926739B1 (en) * 1999-05-13 2005-08-09 John J. O'Connor Prosthesis device for human articulations, in particular for the ankle articulation
US20050209705A1 (en) 2004-03-09 2005-09-22 Niederauer Gabriele G Implant scaffold combined with autologous or allogenic tissue
US20050229323A1 (en) 2004-04-20 2005-10-20 Mills C R Process and apparatus for treating implants comprising soft tissue
US6969393B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2005-11-29 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Apparatus for use in arthroplasty of the knees
US20050287187A1 (en) 2003-10-02 2005-12-29 Mansmann Kevin A Hydrogel implants for replacing hyaline cartilage, with charged surfaces and improved anchoring
US20060020343A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2006-01-26 Ek Steven W System for articular surface replacement
US20060052878A1 (en) 2004-08-18 2006-03-09 Reinhold Schmieding Modular joint replacement implant with hydrogel surface
US20060085006A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2006-04-20 Ek Steven W System and method for retrograde procedure
US7063717B2 (en) 2000-05-26 2006-06-20 Arthrex, Inc. Biointerference screw fixation technique
US20060149370A1 (en) 2004-11-23 2006-07-06 Reinhold Schmieding Method and apparatus for arthroscopic joint resurfacing
US20060195112A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2006-08-31 Ek Steven W System and method for retrograde procedure
US7115131B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2006-10-03 Alexandria Research Technologies, Llc Apparatus and method for sculpting the surface of a joint
US20060229726A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2006-10-12 Ek Steven W Articular surface implant
WO2006091686A3 (en) 2005-02-22 2006-11-23 Arthrosurface Inc Articular surface implant
US20070005143A1 (en) 2004-11-22 2007-01-04 Ek Steven W Articular surface implant and delivery system
US7160305B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2007-01-09 Arthrex, Inc. Retrodrill technique for insertion of autograft, allograft or synthetic osteochondral implants
US20070073394A1 (en) 2003-10-28 2007-03-29 Xiros Plc Repair of damaged tissue on a bone site
US7204854B2 (en) 2002-08-15 2007-04-17 Arthrex, Inc. Metal back prosthetic glenoid component with cemented pegs and hollow metal cage screw
US7204839B2 (en) 2002-09-04 2007-04-17 Arthrex, Inc. Method of using offset drill guide in arthroscopic surgery
US20070093890A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-04-26 Eliasen Kenneth A Heart valve implant
US20070123921A1 (en) 2003-11-20 2007-05-31 Arthrosurface, Inc. Retrograde excision system and apparatus
EP0903127B1 (en) 1997-09-09 2007-06-20 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Anatomic glenoid shoulder prosthesis together with methods and tools for implanting same
US20070179608A1 (en) 2005-07-29 2007-08-02 Arthrosurface, Inc. System and method for articular surface repair
US7264634B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2007-09-04 Arthrex, Inc. Method and instrumentation for osteochondral repair using preformed implants
US20070233128A1 (en) 2005-11-10 2007-10-04 Reinhold Schmieding Method and apparatus for ACL reconstruction using retrograde cutter
US20070250067A1 (en) 2006-03-21 2007-10-25 Reinhold Schmieding Method of ACL reconstruction using dual-sided rotary drill cutter
US20070255399A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-11-01 Eliasen Kenneth A Balloon Mitral Spacer
US20070265700A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-11-15 Eliasen Kenneth A Safety for Mitral Valve Plug
US7303577B1 (en) 2003-02-05 2007-12-04 Dean John C Apparatus and method for use in repairs of injured soft tissue
US7311702B2 (en) 2002-01-18 2007-12-25 Std Manufacturing, Inc. Ablation technology for catheter based delivery systems
US20080004659A1 (en) 2006-05-18 2008-01-03 Arthrex, Inc. Swivel anchor and method for knotless fixation of tissue
US20080027430A1 (en) 2006-03-20 2008-01-31 Cayenne Medical, Inc. Devices, systems and methods for material fixation
US20080033443A1 (en) 2006-07-17 2008-02-07 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and Method for Tissue Resection
US20080086139A1 (en) 2006-10-04 2008-04-10 Gerard Bourke Toe deformity repair using bioabsorbable pin
US20080172125A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2008-07-17 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and Method for Joint Resurface Repair
US20080183290A1 (en) 2006-10-24 2008-07-31 Cayenne Medical, Inc. Methods and systems for material fixation
US20080188935A1 (en) 2006-08-16 2008-08-07 James Saylor Drill pin for fixation of ligaments using button/loop construct
US20080275512A1 (en) 2007-05-03 2008-11-06 Ricardo Albertorio Arthroscopic unicompartmental knee technique and instrumentation
US20080306483A1 (en) 2007-06-07 2008-12-11 Iannarone Ronald C Retrograde cutting instrument
EP1278460B1 (en) 2000-05-01 2009-04-08 Arthro Surface, Inc. System for joint resurface repair
US7569059B2 (en) 2005-04-20 2009-08-04 Arthroscopic Innovations Llc Method and apparatus for surgical repair
US20090198288A1 (en) 2008-01-31 2009-08-06 Cayenne Medical, Inc. Self-tapping biocompatible interference bone screw
US20090234452A1 (en) 2008-03-06 2009-09-17 Steiner Anton J Instrumentation and method for repair of meniscus tissue

Family Cites Families (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2379984A (en) * 1943-07-16 1945-07-10 Wright Aeronautical Corp Simplified drive for cutting tools
US2570465A (en) * 1949-08-01 1951-10-09 Joseph S Lundholm Means for fixation of hip fractures
US3715763A (en) * 1971-04-21 1973-02-13 W Link Artificial limb for the knee joint
US3852830A (en) * 1973-02-15 1974-12-10 Richards Mfg Co Knee prosthesis
DE2916221C2 (en) * 1979-04-21 1980-10-30 Aesculap-Werke Ag Vormals Jetter & Scheerer, 7200 Tuttlingen
US4911720A (en) * 1983-03-10 1990-03-27 Collier John P Particular surface replacement prosthesis
JPH0326821B2 (en) * 1983-06-01 1991-04-12 Hitachi Chemical Co Ltd
US4722331A (en) * 1985-09-03 1988-02-02 Fox James M Orthopaedic tool guide
US4708139A (en) * 1986-02-24 1987-11-24 Dunbar Iv William H Arthroscopic drill guide
EP0240004A3 (en) * 1986-04-01 1988-01-07 Huta Baildon A drill setting guide for drilling holes in bones
US4781182A (en) * 1986-10-03 1988-11-01 Purnell Mark L Apparatus and method for use in performing a surgical operation
US4920958A (en) * 1986-11-05 1990-05-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Drill guide assembly
US4936853A (en) * 1989-01-11 1990-06-26 Kirschner Medical Corporation Modular knee prosthesis
DE3912248A1 (en) * 1989-04-14 1990-10-18 Hilti Ag milling tool
US4945904A (en) * 1989-10-25 1990-08-07 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Orthopedic drill guide device
US5092895A (en) * 1990-05-30 1992-03-03 Albrektsson Bjoern Knee-joint prosthesis
US5180384A (en) * 1991-02-08 1993-01-19 Mikhail Michael W E Method for implanting a patellar prosthesis
US5234435A (en) * 1991-03-08 1993-08-10 Seagrave Jr Richard A Surgical method and apparatus
US5154720A (en) * 1992-02-19 1992-10-13 Linvatec Corporation Surgical drill guide
US5324295A (en) * 1992-04-24 1994-06-28 Shapiro Michael R Drill guide for surgical pins
US5313382A (en) * 1993-05-18 1994-05-17 At&T Bell Laboratories Reduced voltage/zero current transition boost power converter
US5409490A (en) * 1993-08-16 1995-04-25 Depuy Inc. Shoulder separation reconstruction
US6152960A (en) * 1998-10-13 2000-11-28 Biomedical Engineering Trust I Femoral component for knee endoprosthesis
FR2796836B1 (en) * 1999-07-26 2002-03-22 Michel Bercovy New prosthesis knee
US6554866B1 (en) * 1999-10-29 2003-04-29 Sulzer Orthopedics Ltd. Mono-condylar knee joint prosthesis
KR100713096B1 (en) * 2000-12-26 2007-05-02 파이오니아 가부시키가이샤 Information recording medium, and information reproducing apparatus and its method
EP1526760A1 (en) * 2003-10-21 2005-04-27 IEE INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONICS & ENGINEERING S.A. Multiple electroluminescent lamp driver

Patent Citations (324)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003534096T5 (en) 2008-07-10
JP2001525210T5 (en) 2006-01-26
US6171340B2 (en)
US992819A (en) 1910-07-18 1911-05-23 Daniel E Springer Glass-cutter.
US1451610A (en) 1921-09-15 1923-04-10 Gestas Isidore Boring machine for paper
US2267925A (en) 1941-02-11 1941-12-30 Herbert A Johnston Fracture securing apparatus
US3176395A (en) 1963-12-27 1965-04-06 David H Warner Photoengraver's saber
US3840905A (en) 1972-09-18 1974-10-15 Nat Res Dev Endoprosthetic knee joint
FR2242068B1 (en) 1973-08-31 1978-09-15 Oscobal Ag
US4016651A (en) 1974-09-25 1977-04-12 Kyoto Ceramic Co., Ltd. Device for implanting an artificial endosseous element of ceramics and an implant method for use of the device
US4034418A (en) 1975-05-26 1977-07-12 The Governing Council Of The University Of Toronto Artificial knee joint
US4044464A (en) 1976-07-27 1977-08-30 Georg Schiess Circular cutting device
US4158894A (en) 1978-03-13 1979-06-26 Worrell Richard V Patellar prosthesis and method of implanting the same
DE2933174A1 (en) 1978-10-06 1980-04-10 Sulzer Ag Implant for partial replacement of a sliding surface of a human joint
US4433687A (en) 1980-05-02 1984-02-28 Acufex Microsurgical, Inc. Microsurgical scissors
US4484570A (en) 1980-05-28 1984-11-27 Synthes Ltd. Device comprising an implant and screws for fastening said implant to a bone, and a device for connecting two separated pieces of bone
US4344192A (en) 1980-07-14 1982-08-17 Imbert Jean C Full dual element prosthesis designed for the femoro-patellar joint
US4462120A (en) 1981-07-06 1984-07-31 Andre Rambert Total knee prosthesis
US4535768A (en) 1981-08-26 1985-08-20 South African Inventions Development Corporation Set of surgical instruments
US4662371A (en) 1983-01-26 1987-05-05 Whipple Terry L Surgical instrument
US4997434A (en) 1983-02-16 1991-03-05 Seedhom Bahaa B Prosthetic ligaments and instruments for use in the surgical replacement of ligaments
US4664669A (en) 1983-02-28 1987-05-12 Kuraray Co. Ltd. Composite hollow fiber-type separation membranes, processes for the preparation thereof and their use
US4938778A (en) 1983-02-28 1990-07-03 Kuraray Co., Ltd. Composite hollow fiber type separation membranes processes for the preparation thereof and their use
US4474177A (en) 1983-03-09 1984-10-02 Wright Manufacturing Company Method and apparatus for shaping a distal femoral surface
US4531517A (en) 1983-03-24 1985-07-30 Forte Thomas E Extractor for intramedullary fasteners
US4655752A (en) 1983-10-24 1987-04-07 Acufex Microsurgical, Inc. Surgical cannula
US4823780A (en) 1984-03-14 1989-04-25 Odensten Magnus G Drill guiding and aligning device
US4712545A (en) 1984-04-05 1987-12-15 Acufex Microsurgical, Inc. Surgical instrument
US4634720A (en) 1985-02-19 1987-01-06 The Dow Chemical Company Process for the preparation of hard tissue prosthetics
US4661536A (en) 1985-02-19 1987-04-28 The Dow Chemical Company Process for the preparation of hard tissue prosthetics
US5007930A (en) 1985-02-19 1991-04-16 The Dow Chemical Company Composites of unsintered calcium phosphates and synthetic biodegradable polymers useful as hard tissue prosthetics
US4842604A (en) 1985-02-19 1989-06-27 The Dow Chemical Company Composites of unsintered calcium phosphates and synthetic biodegradable polymers useful as hard tissue prosthetics
US4673407A (en) 1985-02-20 1987-06-16 Martin Daniel L Joint-replacement prosthetic device
DE3516743A1 (en) 1985-05-09 1986-11-13 Orthoplant Endoprothetik Endoprosthesis for a femoral head
US5053049A (en) 1985-05-29 1991-10-01 Baxter International Flexible prostheses of predetermined shapes and process for making same
US5282863A (en) 1985-06-10 1994-02-01 Charles V. Burton Flexible stabilization system for a vertebral column
US4693986A (en) 1985-06-25 1987-09-15 Orthomatrix, Inc. Ceramic process and products
US4729761A (en) 1985-11-27 1988-03-08 White Thomas C Tissue-implantable, fluid-dissipating device
US4714478A (en) 1986-01-17 1987-12-22 Fischer William B Prosthesis, method, and tool for installing same
US4719908A (en) 1986-08-15 1988-01-19 Osteonics Corp. Method and apparatus for implanting a prosthetic device
US5127920A (en) 1987-03-27 1992-07-07 Macarthur A Creig Prosthesis and methods for subtotal dome arthroplasty of the hip joint
US5624463A (en) 1987-07-20 1997-04-29 Regen Biologics, Inc. Prosthetic articular cartilage
US4940467A (en) 1988-02-03 1990-07-10 Tronzo Raymond G Variable length fixation device
US4911153A (en) 1988-02-04 1990-03-27 Biomet, Inc. Orthopedic surgical instrument
EP0327387B1 (en) 1988-02-05 1992-09-09 British Technology Group Limited Orthopaedic joint components, tools and methods
US5314482A (en) 1988-02-05 1994-05-24 British Technology Group Ltd. Femoral component, tool and method
US4976037A (en) 1988-03-21 1990-12-11 Hines Burl D Marking and cutting device
US4998938A (en) 1988-06-09 1991-03-12 Neurodynamics, Inc. Removable skull mounted work platform and method of assembling same
EP0350780A1 (en) 1988-07-13 1990-01-17 Mauro Rosa Centering device for providing bone tunnels in femoral condyles
US4896663A (en) 1988-10-14 1990-01-30 Boehringer Mannheim Corporation Self centering femoral drill jig
FR2642301B1 (en) 1989-01-31 1995-03-03 Laboureau Jacques Philippe
US4990163A (en) 1989-02-06 1991-02-05 Trustees Of The University Of Pennsylvania Method of depositing calcium phosphate cermamics for bone tissue calcification enhancement
US4989110A (en) 1989-03-01 1991-01-29 Datatape Incorporated Full radius carrier to drum contact in a rotary head scanner
US5620055A (en) 1989-05-02 1997-04-15 Javerlhac Jean C Plow disk of the type intended to be mounted free in rotation on a shaft integral with the frame of a plow
US4927421A (en) 1989-05-15 1990-05-22 Marlowe Goble E Process of endosteal fixation of a ligament
US5263987A (en) 1989-08-25 1993-11-23 Shah Mrugesh K Method and apparatus for arthroscopically replacing a bone joint
US4979957A (en) 1989-09-11 1990-12-25 Zimmer, Inc. Textured prosthetic implant
EP0485678B1 (en) 1989-10-24 1997-02-12 Societe Civile Essor Hip joint prosthesis
US5263498A (en) 1990-01-08 1993-11-23 Caspari Richard B Method of arthroscopically preparing an articular bone surface
US5019104A (en) 1990-01-16 1991-05-28 Dow Corning Wright Corporation Patellar prosthesis and method of making the same
US5383937A (en) 1990-04-11 1995-01-24 Mikhail; W. E. Michael Recessed patellar prosthesis
US6019767A (en) 1990-07-16 2000-02-01 Arthrotek Tibial guide
US5990382A (en) 1990-08-29 1999-11-23 Biomedical Enterprises, Inc. Method and implant for surgical manipulation of bone
US5100405A (en) 1990-09-07 1992-03-31 Mclaren Alexander C Locking cap for medical implants
US5387218A (en) 1990-12-06 1995-02-07 University College London Surgical instrument for shaping a bone
US5314478A (en) 1991-03-29 1994-05-24 Kyocera Corporation Artificial bone connection prosthesis
US5458643A (en) 1991-03-29 1995-10-17 Kyocera Corporation Artificial intervertebral disc
EP0505634B1 (en) 1991-03-29 1997-08-20 Kyocera Corporation A prosthesis
FR2676917B1 (en) 1991-05-29 1993-08-27 Omci Ankle prosthesis.
US5395401A (en) 1991-06-17 1995-03-07 Bahler; Andre Prosthetic device for a complex joint
US5201881A (en) 1991-08-13 1993-04-13 Smith & Nephew Richards Inc. Joint prosthesis with improved shock absorption
US5374270A (en) 1991-12-13 1994-12-20 David A. McGuire Device and method for insertion of guide pin
US5683400A (en) 1991-12-13 1997-11-04 Mcguire; David A. Graft preparation table
US5192291A (en) 1992-01-13 1993-03-09 Interventional Technologies, Inc. Rotationally expandable atherectomy cutter assembly
US5224945A (en) 1992-01-13 1993-07-06 Interventional Technologies, Inc. Compressible/expandable atherectomy cutter
US5534031A (en) 1992-01-28 1996-07-09 Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Prosthesis for spanning a space formed upon removal of an intervertebral disk
US5480443A (en) 1992-01-31 1996-01-02 Elias; Sarmed G. Artifical implant component and method for securing same
US5520695A (en) 1992-02-14 1996-05-28 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Instruments for use in knee replacement surgery
US5211647A (en) 1992-02-19 1993-05-18 Arthrex Inc. Interference screw and cannulated sheath for endosteal fixation of ligaments
US5409494A (en) 1992-02-20 1995-04-25 Arthrex, Inc. PCL oriented placement tibial guide
USRE36020E (en) 1992-06-08 1998-12-29 Orthopedic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for tying suture to bone
US5413608A (en) 1992-09-24 1995-05-09 Waldemar Link Gmbh & Co. Knee joint endoprosthesis for replacing the articular surfaces of the tibia
US5888210A (en) 1992-10-12 1999-03-30 Draenert; Klaus Stem of a femoral component of a hip joint endoprosthesis
US5312411A (en) 1992-10-27 1994-05-17 Smith & Nephew Richards, Inc. Uni-compartmental femoral knee instruments and prosthesis
US5290313A (en) 1992-11-23 1994-03-01 Zimmer, Inc. Offset prosthetic stem extension
US5336224A (en) 1992-11-30 1994-08-09 Ace Medical Company Bone fixation plate
US5255838A (en) 1992-12-17 1993-10-26 Zimmer, Inc. Method of providing a threaded bore in a prosthetic implant
US5360446A (en) 1992-12-18 1994-11-01 Zimmer, Inc. Interactive prosthesis design system for implantable prosthesis
US5358525A (en) 1992-12-28 1994-10-25 Fox John E Bearing surface for prosthesis and replacement of meniscal cartilage
US5354300A (en) 1993-01-15 1994-10-11 Depuy Inc. Drill guide apparatus for installing a transverse pin
US5964768A (en) 1993-01-21 1999-10-12 Acumed, Inc. Tapered bone screw with continuously varying pitch
US5423822A (en) 1993-01-27 1995-06-13 Biomet, Inc. Method and apparatus for preparing a bone for receiving a prosthetic device
US5595193A (en) 1993-02-12 1997-01-21 Walus; Richard L. Tool for implanting a fiducial marker
US5509918A (en) 1993-05-11 1996-04-23 David Romano Method and apparatus for drilling a curved bore in an object
US5700265A (en) 1993-05-11 1997-12-23 Romano; Jack W. Method and apparatus for drilling a curved bore in an object
US5702401A (en) 1993-06-23 1997-12-30 Shaffer; Benjamin Intra-articular measuring device
US5769855A (en) 1993-07-06 1998-06-23 Zimmer Inc. Femoral milling instrumentation for use in total knee arthroplasty with optional cutting guide attachment
US5522900A (en) * 1993-12-17 1996-06-04 Avanta Orthopaedics Prosthetic joint and method of manufacture
EP0661023B1 (en) 1993-12-17 2001-08-22 Bertin, Kim C. Femoral milling instrumentation for use in total knee arthroplasty with optional cutting guide attachment
US5486178A (en) 1994-02-16 1996-01-23 Hodge; W. Andrew Femoral preparation instrumentation system and method
US5885298A (en) 1994-02-23 1999-03-23 Biomet, Inc. Patellar clamp and reamer with adjustable stop
FR2718014A1 (en) 1994-04-05 1995-10-06 Chagneau Francis Anchor screw assembly for joint prosthesis cup implant
US5580353A (en) 1994-04-19 1996-12-03 Mendes; David Prosthetic patella implant of the knee joint
US20050043808A1 (en) 1994-05-06 2005-02-24 Advanced Bio Surfaces, Inc. Knee joint prosthesis
US5616146A (en) 1994-05-16 1997-04-01 Murray; William M. Method and apparatus for machining bone to fit an orthopedic surgical implant
US5911126A (en) 1994-05-22 1999-06-08 Massen; Robert Method and arrangement for digitized three-dimensional sensing of the shape of bodies or body parts
US5824105A (en) 1994-08-04 1998-10-20 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Asymmetric femoral prosthesis
US5769899A (en) 1994-08-12 1998-06-23 Matrix Biotechnologies, Inc. Cartilage repair unit
US5681311A (en) 1994-09-15 1997-10-28 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Osteosynthesis apparatus
US6168626B1 (en) 1994-09-21 2001-01-02 Bmg Incorporated Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene molded article for artificial joints and method of preparing the same
US6315798B1 (en) * 1994-10-05 2001-11-13 Howmedica International S. De R.L. Prosthetic implant attachment surface
US5601550A (en) 1994-10-25 1997-02-11 Esser; Rene D. Pelvic pin guide system for insertion of pins into iliac bone
US5540696A (en) 1995-01-06 1996-07-30 Zimmer, Inc. Instrumentation for use in orthopaedic surgery
US5632745A (en) 1995-02-07 1997-05-27 R&D Biologicals, Inc. Surgical implantation of cartilage repair unit
US5919196A (en) 1995-02-16 1999-07-06 Arthrex, Inc. Method and apparatus for osteochondral autograft transplantation
US5593450A (en) 1995-02-27 1997-01-14 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Oval domed shaped patella prosthesis
US6017348A (en) 1995-03-07 2000-01-25 Innovasive Devices, Inc. Apparatus and methods for articular cartilage defect repair
US5782835A (en) 1995-03-07 1998-07-21 Innovasive Devices, Inc. Apparatus and methods for articular cartilage defect repair
US5882350A (en) 1995-04-13 1999-03-16 Fastenetix, Llc Polyaxial pedicle screw having a threaded and tapered compression locking mechanism
US5776137A (en) 1995-05-31 1998-07-07 Katz; Lawrence Method and apparatus for locating bone cuts at the distal condylar femur region to receive a knee prosthesis
US6120542A (en) 1995-06-08 2000-09-19 Camino; Thomas S. Large taper modular shoulder prosthesis
US6540786B2 (en) 1995-08-23 2003-04-01 Jean Chibrac Joint prosthesis members and method for making same
FR2739151B1 (en) 1995-09-22 1997-11-28 Numedic Fixing device of a part on a support
US6328752B1 (en) 1995-10-31 2001-12-11 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Method for positioning a surgical instrument relative to a surgical handpiece
US6010502A (en) 1995-12-19 2000-01-04 Spine-Tech, Inc. Method and apparatus for conjoining bone bodies
US5682886A (en) 1995-12-26 1997-11-04 Musculographics Inc Computer-assisted surgical system
US5645598A (en) 1996-01-16 1997-07-08 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Spinal fusion device with porous material
US6102948A (en) 1996-01-16 2000-08-15 Surgical Dynamics Inc. Spinal fusion device
US5817095A (en) 1996-02-22 1998-10-06 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Undercutting surgical instrument
US5810851A (en) 1996-03-05 1998-09-22 Yoon; Inbae Suture spring device
US5683465A (en) 1996-03-18 1997-11-04 Shinn; Gary Lee Artificial intervertebral disk prosthesis
US5683466A (en) 1996-03-26 1997-11-04 Vitale; Glenn C. Joint surface replacement system
US5702465A (en) * 1996-05-13 1997-12-30 Sulzer Orthopedics Inc. Patella prosthesis having rotational and translational freedom
US5928286A (en) 1996-05-28 1999-07-27 Howmedica International Inc. Tibial element for a replacement knee prosthesis
US5702467A (en) 1996-06-12 1997-12-30 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Patellar resurfacing component
US20010012967A1 (en) 1996-06-14 2001-08-09 Raphael Mosseri Total hip prosthesis adapted to be implanted endo-articularly and its auxiliary device
US5885297A (en) 1996-06-21 1999-03-23 Matsen, Iii; Frederick A. Joint replacement method and apparatus
US5700264A (en) 1996-07-01 1997-12-23 Zucherman; James F. Apparatus and method for preparing a site for an interbody fusion implant
US5964808A (en) 1996-07-11 1999-10-12 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Knee prosthesis
US6045564A (en) 1996-08-02 2000-04-04 Stryker Corporation Multi-purpose surgical tool system
US5989269A (en) 1996-08-30 1999-11-23 Vts Holdings L.L.C. Method, instruments and kit for autologous transplantation
US5741266A (en) 1996-09-19 1998-04-21 Biomet, Inc. Pin placement guide and method of making a bone entry hole for implantation of an intramedullary nail
US5895390A (en) 1996-09-19 1999-04-20 Biomet, Inc. Pin placement guide used in making a bone entry hole for implantation of an intramedullary nail
US6015411A (en) 1996-10-23 2000-01-18 Nagoya Screw Mfg. Co., Ltd. Bone excavating apparatus for repairing ligament and a bone tunnel forming method
US6235060B1 (en) 1996-11-13 2001-05-22 Hjs Gelenk System Gmbh Artificial joint, in particular endoprosthesis for replacing natural joints
US6322500B1 (en) 1996-12-23 2001-11-27 University Of Massachusetts Minimally invasive surgical apparatus
US5771310A (en) 1996-12-30 1998-06-23 Shriners Hospitals For Children Method and apparatus for recording three-dimensional topographies
US6280474B1 (en) 1997-01-09 2001-08-28 Neucoll, Inc. Devices for tissue repair and methods for preparation and use thereof
US6004323A (en) 1997-02-04 1999-12-21 The University Of Iowa Research Foundation Surgically implantable fastening system
US6358253B1 (en) 1997-02-11 2002-03-19 Smith & Newhew Inc Repairing cartilage
US6146385A (en) 1997-02-11 2000-11-14 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Repairing cartilage
US6132433A (en) 1997-02-12 2000-10-17 Arthrex, Inc. Apparatus of loading tendons into the knee
US5918604A (en) 1997-02-12 1999-07-06 Arthrex, Inc. Method of loading tendons into the knee
US5997543A (en) 1997-02-21 1999-12-07 Biomet Limited Surgical instrumentation
US6217549B1 (en) 1997-02-28 2001-04-17 Lumend, Inc. Methods and apparatus for treating vascular occlusions
US6071310A (en) 1997-05-20 2000-06-06 George J. Picha Spinal implant
US5893889A (en) 1997-06-20 1999-04-13 Harrington; Michael Artificial disc
EP0903127B1 (en) 1997-09-09 2007-06-20 Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Anatomic glenoid shoulder prosthesis together with methods and tools for implanting same
EP0903125B1 (en) 1997-09-09 2004-09-08 DePuy Products, Inc. Cushioned joint prosthesis
US5968050A (en) 1997-12-05 1999-10-19 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Positioning a tibial tunnel
US6217619B1 (en) 1997-12-05 2001-04-17 GMT GESELLSCHAFT FüR MEDIZINISCHE TECHNIK MBH Endoprosthesis for a least partial replacement of a tibia
US5964752A (en) 1998-02-02 1999-10-12 Stone; Kevin R. Articular cartilage surface shaping apparatus and method
US6171340B1 (en) 1998-02-27 2001-01-09 Mcdowell Charles L. Method and device for regenerating cartilage in articulating joints
US5928239A (en) 1998-03-16 1999-07-27 University Of Washington Percutaneous surgical cavitation device and method
US6206885B1 (en) 1998-04-14 2001-03-27 Fathali Ghahremani Catheter guide and drill guide apparatus and method for perpendicular insertion into a cranium orifice
US5997582A (en) 1998-05-01 1999-12-07 Weiss; James M. Hip replacement methods and apparatus
US6149654A (en) 1998-05-21 2000-11-21 Johnson; Lanny L. Intra-articular drill
US6081741A (en) 1998-06-05 2000-06-27 Vector Medical, Inc. Infrared surgical site locating device and method
US6086593A (en) 1998-06-30 2000-07-11 Bonutti; Peter M. Method and apparatus for use in operating on a bone
US6575982B1 (en) 1998-06-30 2003-06-10 Bonutti 2003 Trust-A Method and apparatus for use in operating on a bone
US6306142B1 (en) 1998-07-17 2001-10-23 Johnson & Johnson Method and apparatus for harvesting and implanting bone plugs
US20040082906A1 (en) 1998-07-22 2004-04-29 Tallarida Steven J. Vascular suction cannula, dilator and surgical stapler
US6989016B2 (en) 1998-07-22 2006-01-24 Medtronic Angiolink, Inc. Vascular suction cannula, dilator and surgical stapler
US6052909A (en) 1998-08-26 2000-04-25 Gardner; Mark T. Hand-held oval cutting device
US6159216A (en) 1998-09-09 2000-12-12 Sulzer Orthopedics Inc. Combination tibial preparation instrumentation
US6530956B1 (en) 1998-09-10 2003-03-11 Kevin A. Mansmann Resorbable scaffolds to promote cartilage regeneration
US6585666B2 (en) 1998-10-13 2003-07-01 The Administrators Of The Tulane Educational Fund Arthroscopic diagnostic probe to measure mechanical properties of articular cartilage
US6482210B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2002-11-19 Orthopaedic Biosystems, Ltd., Inc. Soft tissue/ligament to bone fixation device with inserter
US6193724B1 (en) 1998-11-25 2001-02-27 Kwan-Ho Chan Apparatus and method for determining the relative position of bones during surgery
US6527754B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-03-04 Std Manufacturing, Inc. Implantable vascular access device
US20030181878A1 (en) 1998-12-07 2003-09-25 Tallarida Steven J. Implantable vascular access device
US6783551B1 (en) 1998-12-30 2004-08-31 Biomet, Inc. Method and apparatus for enabling access to an intramedullary canal of a femur through a femoral knee joint prosthesis
US20040193281A1 (en) 1999-02-19 2004-09-30 Grimes James B. Bone prosthesis and method of implantation
US6165223A (en) 1999-03-01 2000-12-26 Biomet, Inc. Floating bearing knee joint prosthesis with a fixed tibial post
US6059831A (en) 1999-03-31 2000-05-09 Biomet, Inc. Method of implanting a uni-condylar knee prosthesis
US6926739B1 (en) * 1999-05-13 2005-08-09 John J. O'Connor Prosthesis device for human articulations, in particular for the ankle articulation
US6251143B1 (en) 1999-06-04 2001-06-26 Depuy Orthopaedics, Inc. Cartilage repair unit
US6299645B1 (en) 1999-07-23 2001-10-09 William S. Ogden Dove tail total knee replacement unicompartmental
US6860902B2 (en) * 1999-10-22 2005-03-01 Advanced Total Ankles, Inc. Ankle replacement system
US6884246B1 (en) 1999-11-10 2005-04-26 Depuy International Limited Bone resection device
US6770078B2 (en) 2000-01-14 2004-08-03 Peter M. Bonutti Movable knee implant and methods therefor
US20030028196A1 (en) 2000-01-14 2003-02-06 Bonutti Peter M. Method of performing surgery
US20020106393A1 (en) 2000-02-10 2002-08-08 Bianchi John R. Assembled implant, including mixed-composition segment
US6383188B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2002-05-07 The Spineology Group Llc Expandable reamer
US6342075B1 (en) 2000-02-18 2002-01-29 Macarthur A. Creig Prosthesis and methods for total knee arthroplasty
US6783550B2 (en) 2000-02-18 2004-08-31 Macarthur A. Creig Prosthesis and methods for unicompartmental and total knee arthroplasty
US6591581B2 (en) 2000-03-08 2003-07-15 Arthrex, Inc. Method for preparing and inserting round, size specific osteochondral cores in the knee
US6969393B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2005-11-29 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Apparatus for use in arthroplasty of the knees
US20010039455A1 (en) 2000-03-14 2001-11-08 Timothy Simon Cartilage repair plug
US6299648B1 (en) 2000-03-17 2001-10-09 Hammill Manufacturing Co. Locking hip prosthesis
US6358251B1 (en) 2000-03-21 2002-03-19 University Of Washington Method and apparatus for forming a cavity in soft tissue or bone
US20060058744A1 (en) 2000-04-26 2006-03-16 Tallarida Steven J Implantable hemodialysis access device
US6962577B2 (en) 2000-04-26 2005-11-08 Std Manufacturing, Inc. Implantable hemodialysis access device
US20010056266A1 (en) 2000-04-26 2001-12-27 Tallarida Steven J. Implantable hemodialysis access device
US6375658B1 (en) 2000-04-28 2002-04-23 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Cartilage grafting
US7192431B2 (en) 2000-04-28 2007-03-20 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Cartilage grafting
US7510558B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2009-03-31 Arthrosurface, Inc. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20040148030A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2004-07-29 Ek Steven W. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20040230315A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2004-11-18 Ek Steven W. Articular surface implant
EP1278460B1 (en) 2000-05-01 2009-04-08 Arthro Surface, Inc. System for joint resurface repair
US6610067B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-08-26 Arthrosurface, Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US20030120276A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-06-26 Tallarida Steven J. System and method for joint resurface repair
US6679917B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2004-01-20 Arthrosurface, Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
WO2004075777A3 (en) 2000-05-01 2005-03-10 Arthrosurface Inc System and method for joint resurface repair
US6520964B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-02-18 Std Manufacturing, Inc. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20030225456A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-12-04 Ek Steven W. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20020147498A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2002-10-10 Tallarida Steven J. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20060229726A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2006-10-12 Ek Steven W Articular surface implant
US20040015170A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2004-01-22 Tallarida Steven J. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20020055783A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2002-05-09 Tallarida Steven J. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20060190002A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2006-08-24 Arthrosurface, Inc. System and method for joint resurface repair
US7029479B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2006-04-18 Arthrosurface, Inc. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20030060887A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2003-03-27 Ek Steven W. System and method for joint resurface repair
US20080172125A1 (en) 2000-05-01 2008-07-17 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and Method for Joint Resurface Repair
US6461373B2 (en) 2000-05-26 2002-10-08 Arthrex, Inc. Biointerference screw fixation technique
US20030120278A1 (en) 2000-05-26 2003-06-26 Morgan Craig D. Retrograde fixation technique with insert-molded interference screw
US7063717B2 (en) 2000-05-26 2006-06-20 Arthrex, Inc. Biointerference screw fixation technique
US6599321B2 (en) 2000-06-13 2003-07-29 Edward R. Hyde, Jr. Magnetic array implant and prosthesis
US6814735B1 (en) 2000-07-28 2004-11-09 Biomet Merck Gmbh Device for aligning a guide template
US6537274B1 (en) 2000-09-28 2003-03-25 Biomet, Inc. Fixation screw, detachable pin, guide, and frame
US6468309B1 (en) 2000-10-05 2002-10-22 Cleveland Clinic Foundation Method and apparatus for stabilizing adjacent bones
US6551322B1 (en) 2000-10-05 2003-04-22 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Apparatus for implantation into bone
US6415516B1 (en) 2000-11-17 2002-07-09 Javier B. Tirado Power cutting device
US6494914B2 (en) 2000-12-05 2002-12-17 Biomet, Inc. Unicondylar femoral prosthesis and instruments
GB2372707A (en) 2001-01-05 2002-09-04 Derek James Wallace Mcminn An instrument and femoral implant for use in hip resurfacing
US6478178B2 (en) 2001-03-08 2002-11-12 Donald C. Montgomery Fermentation lock for wine barrel
JP2002291779A (en) 2001-03-26 2002-10-08 Sulzer Orthopedics Ltd Knee prosthetic leg
US20020138150A1 (en) 2001-03-26 2002-09-26 Sulzer Orthopedics, Ltd. Knee prosthesis
US6443954B1 (en) 2001-04-24 2002-09-03 Dale G. Bramlet Femoral nail intramedullary system
US20030216669A1 (en) 2001-05-25 2003-11-20 Imaging Therapeutics, Inc. Methods and compositions for articular repair
US6746451B2 (en) 2001-06-01 2004-06-08 Lance M. Middleton Tissue cavitation device and method
US7115131B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2006-10-03 Alexandria Research Technologies, Llc Apparatus and method for sculpting the surface of a joint
US6478801B1 (en) 2001-07-16 2002-11-12 Third Millennium Engineering, Llc Insertion tool for use with tapered trial intervertebral distraction spacers
US20030065391A1 (en) 2001-10-01 2003-04-03 Scandius Biomedical, Inc. Apparatus and method for reconstructing a ligament
US6607561B2 (en) 2001-10-02 2003-08-19 James Kevin Brannon Biaxial core compression
JP3504932B2 (en) 2001-10-11 2004-03-08 西松建設株式会社 Shield excavating machine and method of the cutter bit exchange
US6802864B2 (en) * 2001-10-30 2004-10-12 Toriner Sa Patellar implant and knee prosthesis incorporating such an implant
US20030105465A1 (en) 2001-11-13 2003-06-05 Reinhold Schmieding Implant screw and washer assembly and method of fixation
US6827722B1 (en) 2001-12-11 2004-12-07 Biomet, Inc. Method and apparatus for use of a guide wire capturing surgical instrument
US20050075642A1 (en) 2001-12-19 2005-04-07 Felt Jeffrey C. Bone smoothing method and system
US20030130741A1 (en) 2002-01-07 2003-07-10 Mcminn Derek James Wallace Hip prosthesis
US7311702B2 (en) 2002-01-18 2007-12-25 Std Manufacturing, Inc. Ablation technology for catheter based delivery systems
US20030171756A1 (en) 2002-02-12 2003-09-11 Fallin T. Wade Surgical milling instrument for shaping a bone cavity
US20030204195A1 (en) 2002-04-24 2003-10-30 Michael Keane Device for inserting surgical implants
US20030225457A1 (en) 2002-05-24 2003-12-04 Justin Daniel F. Femoral components for knee arthroplasty
US20050015153A1 (en) 2002-05-24 2005-01-20 Medicine Lodge, Inc. Implants and related methods and apparatus for securing an implant on an articulating surface of an orthopedic joint
US7166133B2 (en) 2002-06-13 2007-01-23 Kensey Nash Corporation Devices and methods for treating defects in the tissue of a living being
US20040138758A1 (en) 2002-06-13 2004-07-15 Evans Douglas G. Devices and methods for treating defects in the tissue of a living being
US7156880B2 (en) 2002-06-13 2007-01-02 Kensey Nash Corporation Devices and methods for treating defects in the tissue of a living being
US7241316B2 (en) 2002-06-13 2007-07-10 Douglas G Evans Devices and methods for treating defects in the tissue of a living being
US7235107B2 (en) 2002-06-13 2007-06-26 Evans Douglas G Devices and methods for treating defects in the tissue of a living being
US20080015709A1 (en) 2002-06-13 2008-01-17 Evans Douglas G Devices and methods for treating defects in the tissue of a living being
WO2004014261A3 (en) 2002-08-08 2004-03-11 Uri Arnin Elastomeric covers for orthopedic implants
US20040034359A1 (en) 2002-08-09 2004-02-19 Reinhold Schmieding Retrograde osteochondral autograft transfer system
US7204854B2 (en) 2002-08-15 2007-04-17 Arthrex, Inc. Metal back prosthetic glenoid component with cemented pegs and hollow metal cage screw
US20040034437A1 (en) 2002-08-15 2004-02-19 Reinhold Schmieding Osteochondral repair using plug fashioned from whole distal femur or condyle formed of hydrogel composition
US20070288031A1 (en) 2002-09-04 2007-12-13 Dreyfuss Peter J Offset drill guide and arthroscopic method
US7204839B2 (en) 2002-09-04 2007-04-17 Arthrex, Inc. Method of using offset drill guide in arthroscopic surgery
US20070299519A1 (en) 2002-09-20 2007-12-27 Reinhold Schmieding Preformed implants for osteochondral repair
WO2004026170A3 (en) 2002-09-20 2004-06-10 Uri Arnin Mechanically attached elastomeric cover for prosthesis
US7264634B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2007-09-04 Arthrex, Inc. Method and instrumentation for osteochondral repair using preformed implants
US6755837B2 (en) 2002-09-23 2004-06-29 Maxilon Laboratories, Inc. Apparatus and method for harvesting bone
US20040138754A1 (en) 2002-10-07 2004-07-15 Imaging Therapeutics, Inc. Minimally invasive joint implant with 3-Dimensional geometry matching the articular surfaces
US20040133276A1 (en) 2002-10-07 2004-07-08 Imaging Therapeutics, Inc. Minimally invasive joint implant with 3-Dimensional geometry matching the articular surfaces
US20060020343A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2006-01-26 Ek Steven W System for articular surface replacement
EP1426013B1 (en) 2002-12-03 2006-07-19 ArthroSurface, Inc. Tibial resurfacing system
US20060195112A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2006-08-31 Ek Steven W System and method for retrograde procedure
US20040106928A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2004-06-03 Steven Ek Tibial resurfacing system
US20070118136A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2007-05-24 Arthrosurface, Inc. Tibial resurfacing system
US20060085006A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2006-04-20 Ek Steven W System and method for retrograde procedure
US20050154398A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2005-07-14 Anthony Miniaci Retrograde delivery of resurfacing devices
US7163541B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2007-01-16 Arthrosurface Incorporated Tibial resurfacing system
US20040153087A1 (en) 2003-02-04 2004-08-05 Sanford Adam H. Provisional orthopedic implant with removable guide
US7303577B1 (en) 2003-02-05 2007-12-04 Dean John C Apparatus and method for use in repairs of injured soft tissue
US20070093842A1 (en) 2003-03-07 2007-04-26 Reinhold Schmieding Retrodrill technique for insertion of autograft, allograft or synthetic osteochondral implants
US7160305B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2007-01-09 Arthrex, Inc. Retrodrill technique for insertion of autograft, allograft or synthetic osteochondral implants
US7238189B2 (en) 2003-03-18 2007-07-03 Arthrex, Inc. ACL reconstruction technique using retrodrill
US20040199166A1 (en) 2003-03-18 2004-10-07 Reinhold Schmieding ACL reconstruction technique using retrodrill
US20040260303A1 (en) 2003-06-17 2004-12-23 Carrison Harold F. Apparatus and methods for delivering compounds into vertebrae for vertebroplasty
US20050038520A1 (en) 2003-08-11 2005-02-17 Francois Binette Method and apparatus for resurfacing an articular surface
US6923813B2 (en) 2003-09-03 2005-08-02 Kyphon Inc. Devices for creating voids in interior body regions and related methods
US20050065612A1 (en) 2003-09-24 2005-03-24 Winslow Nathan A. Extended articular surface resurfacing head
US20050287187A1 (en) 2003-10-02 2005-12-29 Mansmann Kevin A Hydrogel implants for replacing hyaline cartilage, with charged surfaces and improved anchoring
US20070073394A1 (en) 2003-10-28 2007-03-29 Xiros Plc Repair of damaged tissue on a bone site
US20070123921A1 (en) 2003-11-20 2007-05-31 Arthrosurface, Inc. Retrograde excision system and apparatus
WO2005051231A3 (en) 2003-11-20 2006-03-16 Arthrosurface Inc Retrograde delivery of resurfacing devices
US20060004461A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2006-01-05 Medicinelodge, Inc. Methods for mounting a tibial condylar implant
US20050143831A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2005-06-30 Medicinelodge, Inc. Tibial condylar hemiplasty implants, anchor assemblies, and related methods
US20050143731A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2005-06-30 Medicinelodge, Inc. Tibial condylar hemiplasty tissue preparation instruments and methods
US20050143745A1 (en) 2003-12-30 2005-06-30 Medicinelodge, Inc. Instruments and methods for preparing a joint articulation surface for an implant
US20050209705A1 (en) 2004-03-09 2005-09-22 Niederauer Gabriele G Implant scaffold combined with autologous or allogenic tissue
US20050229323A1 (en) 2004-04-20 2005-10-20 Mills C R Process and apparatus for treating implants comprising soft tissue
WO2006004885A3 (en) 2004-06-28 2007-03-29 Arthrosurface Inc System for articular surface replacement
US20060052878A1 (en) 2004-08-18 2006-03-09 Reinhold Schmieding Modular joint replacement implant with hydrogel surface
US20070005143A1 (en) 2004-11-22 2007-01-04 Ek Steven W Articular surface implant and delivery system
US20060149370A1 (en) 2004-11-23 2006-07-06 Reinhold Schmieding Method and apparatus for arthroscopic joint resurfacing
WO2006091686A3 (en) 2005-02-22 2006-11-23 Arthrosurface Inc Articular surface implant
US7569059B2 (en) 2005-04-20 2009-08-04 Arthroscopic Innovations Llc Method and apparatus for surgical repair
US20070179608A1 (en) 2005-07-29 2007-08-02 Arthrosurface, Inc. System and method for articular surface repair
US20070093890A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-04-26 Eliasen Kenneth A Heart valve implant
US20070255399A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-11-01 Eliasen Kenneth A Balloon Mitral Spacer
US20070265700A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-11-15 Eliasen Kenneth A Safety for Mitral Valve Plug
US20070233128A1 (en) 2005-11-10 2007-10-04 Reinhold Schmieding Method and apparatus for ACL reconstruction using retrograde cutter
US20080027430A1 (en) 2006-03-20 2008-01-31 Cayenne Medical, Inc. Devices, systems and methods for material fixation
US20070250067A1 (en) 2006-03-21 2007-10-25 Reinhold Schmieding Method of ACL reconstruction using dual-sided rotary drill cutter
US20080004659A1 (en) 2006-05-18 2008-01-03 Arthrex, Inc. Swivel anchor and method for knotless fixation of tissue
US20080033443A1 (en) 2006-07-17 2008-02-07 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and Method for Tissue Resection
US20080188935A1 (en) 2006-08-16 2008-08-07 James Saylor Drill pin for fixation of ligaments using button/loop construct
US20080086139A1 (en) 2006-10-04 2008-04-10 Gerard Bourke Toe deformity repair using bioabsorbable pin
US20080183290A1 (en) 2006-10-24 2008-07-31 Cayenne Medical, Inc. Methods and systems for material fixation
US20080275512A1 (en) 2007-05-03 2008-11-06 Ricardo Albertorio Arthroscopic unicompartmental knee technique and instrumentation
US20080306483A1 (en) 2007-06-07 2008-12-11 Iannarone Ronald C Retrograde cutting instrument
US20090198288A1 (en) 2008-01-31 2009-08-06 Cayenne Medical, Inc. Self-tapping biocompatible interference bone screw
US20090234452A1 (en) 2008-03-06 2009-09-17 Steiner Anton J Instrumentation and method for repair of meniscus tissue

Non-Patent Citations (200)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
American Machinist, Full-radius milling cutters, http://www.americanmachinist.com/Classes/Article/ArticleDraw-P. aspx, Jun. 26, 2007 (1 page).
American Machinist, Full-radius milling cutters, http://www.americanmachinist.com/Classes/Article/ArticleDraw—P. aspx, Jun. 26, 2007 (1 page).
Anatomical Arthroplastie, Total Evolutive Shoulder System T.E.S.S., Biomet France, Biomet Europe (4 pages).
APTA | Knee,/http://www.apta.org/AM/PrinerTemplate.cfm?Section=Home&Template=/CM/HTMLDisplay.dfg& . . . Jun. 25, 2007 (1page).
Arthrosurface, Restoring the Geometry of Motion, HemiCAP Patello-Femoral Resurfacing System (19 pages).
Arthrosurface, Restoring the Geometry of Motion, HemiCAP Patello—Femoral Resurfacing System (19 pages).
AU Examiners report dated Feb. 21, 2007 issued in corresponding Australian patnet application no. 2005202099.
AU Examiners report dated Jan. 12, 2007 issued in corresponding Australian patnet application No. 2006202337.
AU Examiners report dated Jan. 18, 2006 issued in corresponding Australian patnet application No. 2005202099.
AU Examiners report dated May 23, 2007 issued in corresponding Australian patnet application No. 2005202099.
AU Notice of Acceptance dated Aug. 6, 2007 in Patent Application No. 20022357284.
Australia Office Action issued in related Australian Patent Application No. 2007216648 dated May 30, 2008.
Australian Notice of Allowance dated Oct. 29, 2009 issued in related Australian Patent Application No. 2007216648.
Australian Office Action dated Jan. 29, 2009 issued in related Australian Patent Application No. 2004216106.
Australian Office Action dated Oct. 29, 2009 issued in related Australian Patent Application No. 2007203623.
Australian Office Action issued in related Australian Patent Application No. 2003262428 dated Mar. 20, 2008.
Australian Office Action issued in related Australian Patent Application No. 2004293042 dated Feb. 20, 2008.
Bale, MD, Reto J., et al, "Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus: Computer=assisted Retrograde Drilling Feasibility and Accuracy in Initial Experriences1", (Radiology. 2001;218:278-282) © RSNA, 2001.
Beecher, et al. "Effects of a contoured articular prosthetic device on tibiofemoral peak contact pressure: a biomechanical study," Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. Jan. 2008; 16(1): 56-63.
Biomet/Copeland, "Aequalis® Resurfacing Head" Tornier, Scientific Vision, Surgical Leadership, SS-401 Jan. 2007.
Burks, "Implant Arthroplasty of the First Metatarsalphalangeal Joint," Clin. Podiatr. Med. Surg., 23 (2006) pp. 725-731.
Bushnell, et al., "Bony Instability of the Shoulder," Arthroscopy, The Journal of Arthroscopic and related Surgery, vol. 24, No. 9; Sep. 2005 (pp. 1061-1073).
Canadian Office Action dated Dec. 9, 2008 issued in related Canadian Patent Application No. 2407440.
Canadian Office Action dated Jan. 2, 2008 issued in corresponding Canadian Application No. 2407440.
Canadian Office Action issued in related Canadian Patent Application No. 2546582 dated Aug. 21, 2008.
Cannulated Hemi Implants from Vielex, (3 pages).
Chainsaw, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chainsaw&printable=yes, Jun. 26, 2007 (3 pages).
Chuck (engineering),Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chuck-% 28engineering%29&printable=yes, Jun. 25, 2007, (4 pages).
Chuck (engineering),Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chuck—% 28engineering%29&printable=yes, Jun. 25, 2007, (4 pages).
Cook, et al., "Meta-analysis of First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Implant Arthroplasty," Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol. 48, Issue 2, pp. 180-190 (2009).
Davidson, et al., "Focal Anatomic Patellofemoral Inlay Resurfacing: Theoretic Basis, Surgical Technique, and Case Reports," Orthop. Clin. N. Am., 39 (2008) pp. 337-346.
Dawson, et al., "The Management of Localized Articular Cartilage Lesions of the Humeral Head in the Athlete," Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine, vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 14-20 (2008).
Derner, "Complications and Salvage of Elective Central Metatarsal Osteotomies," Clin. Podiatr. Med. Surg. 26 (2009) 23-35.
Dovetail Rails, http://www.siskiyou.com/MDRSeries.htm, Jun. 25, 2007 (2 pages).
English language translation of Japanese Office Action dated Aug. 9, 2007 issued in corresponding Japanese application No. 2003-552148.
EPO Office Action dated Aug. 23, 2004, received in related EPO application No. 03 026 286.9 (4 pgs).
EPO Office Action dated Sep. 11, 2006 issued in corresponding European application 01932833.5-2310.
EPO Office Action dated Sep. 22, 2005 issued in corresponding European application 01932833.5-2310.
EPO Search Report received in related EPO Application No. 03 02 6286.9 dated Apr. 27, 2004 (6pgs).
EPO Search Report received in related EPO Application No. 03 02 6286.9 dated Feb. 26, 2004 (5pgs).
EPO supplementary partial search report dated May 10, 2004 issued in corresponding European application 01932833.5-231-/US0114061.
EPO supplementary search report dated Aug. 30, 2004 issued in corresponding European application 01932833.5.
European Communication pursuant to Article 96)2) EPC dated Sep. 11, 2006 received in corresponding European Patent Application Serial No. 01 932 833.5 (3 pages).
European Office Action dated Feb. 26, 2009 in related European Patent Application No. 05791453.3.
European Office Action dated Jan. 11, 2010 issued in related European Patent Application No. 2005218302.
European Office Action dated Oct. 6, 2008 issued in related European Patent Application No. 01932833.5-2310.
European Office Action issued in related European Patent Application No. 01932833.5-2310 dated Apr. 25, 2008.
European Search Report dated Apr. 22, 2009 issued in related European Patent Application No. 09002088.4.
European Search Report dated Dec. 3, 2009 issued in related European Patent Application No. 06735827.5.
European Search Report dated Jul. 10, 2009 issued in related European Patent Application No. 09002088.4.
European Search Report dated Nov. 4, 2008 issued in related European Patent Application No. 04811836.8-2310.
Examination Report dated Feb. 22, 2005 received in corresponding European Application No. 01 932 833.5 (3 pages).
Examination Report dated Mar. 15, 2005 received in corresponding European Application No. 03 026 286.9 (3 pages).
Gelenkoberflachen, et al., "Partial hemi-resurfacing of the hip joint—a new approach to treat local osteochondral defects?" Biomed Tech 2006; 51:371-376 (2006).
Gray, Henry, Anatomy of the Human Body, 1918, 6d. The Foot 1. The Tarsus, II. Osteology, cover page and 12 pgs, ww. Bartleby.com/107/63.html#i268 Oct. 25, 2004.
Habermeyer, "Eclipse, Schaftfreie Schulterprothese Operationsanleitung," (dated unknown).
Habermeyer, Peter, ATOS News, "The artificial limb" Eclipse"A new draft without shank in the implantation of artificial shoulder limb", Jan. 13, 2006 (5 pages).
Hasselman, et al., "Resurfacing of the First Metatarsal Head in the Treatment of Hallux Rigidus," Techniques in Foot & Ankle Surgery 7(1):31-40, 2008.
International Preliminary Examination Report dated Aug. 19, 2004 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US02/40310.
International Preliminary Examination Report dated Nov. 5, 2002 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US01/14061.
International Preliminary Examination Report dated Oct. 27, 2003 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US01/48821.
International Preliminary Examination Report dated Sep. 12, 2003 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US02/40310.
International Preliminary Report and Patentability dated May 7, 2009 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US2007/082262.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion dated Jul. 19, 2007 in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US2006/000380.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion dated Jun. 28, 2007 in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US2005/005980.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion dated Mar. 1, 2007 in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US05/030120.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion dated May 22, 2006 in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US04/039181.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability dated Aug. 20, 2009 issued in related International Patent Application No. 2008053194.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability dated Aug. 20, 2009 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US2008/053194.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US2007/025284 dated Jun. 25, 2009.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Aug. 8, 2007 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US06/29875.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Aug. 8, 2008 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US08/53988.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Dec. 30, 2004 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US04/05539.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Jan. 30, 2006 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US04/39181.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Jun. 1, 2009 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US2009/035889.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Jun. 11, 2008 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US07/25284.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Jun. 24, 2008 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US07/73685.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated May 22, 2007 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US05/05980.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Nov. 27, 2006 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US06/00380.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Nov. 29, 2006 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US05/023200.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Oct. 1, 2008 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US08/53194.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Oct. 9, 2008 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US07/82262.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Sep. 29, 2006 issued in corresponding PCT patent application No. PCT/US05/30120.
International Search Report dated Dec. 27, 2001 received in corresponding PCT Application No. PCT/US01/14061 (5 pages).
International Search Report dated Jan. 30, 2006 issued in related International Patent Application No. PCT/US04/39181.
International Search Report dated May 23, 2003 received in corresponding PCT Application No. PCT/US02/40310 (6 pages).
International Search Report dated Nov. 12, 2002 recevied in corresponding PCT Application No. PCT/US01/48821 (9 pages).
International Search Report with Written Opinion dated Aug. 30, 2006 received in corresponding PCT Application No. PCT/US06/06323 (11 pages).
Japanese Notice of Reasons for Rejection dated Sep. 8, 2009 issued in related Japanese Patent Application No. 2003552147.
Japanese Office Action dated Dec. 19, 2008 issued in Japanese Patent Application No. 2006501193.
Japanese Office Action dated Jan. 13, 2009 issued in Japanese Patent Application No. 2003552147.
Japanese Office Action dated Jul. 22, 2008 issued in related Japanese Patent Application No. 2006-501193.
Kirker-Head, et al., "Safety of, and Biological Functional Response to, a Novel Metallic Implant for the Management of Focal Full-Thickness Cartilage Defects: Preliminary Assessment in an Animal Model Out to 1 year," Journal of Orthopedic Research, May 2006 pp. 1095-1108.
Knee Resurfacing, Permedica, GKS, Global Knee System. Cod. 104570 vers 1.0 del Mar. 15, 2006 (8pages).
Kumai, M.D., Tsukasa, et al Arthroscopic Drilling for the Treatment of Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus, the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American vol. 81:1229-35(1999).
Major Biojoint System, La nuova frontiera della biointegrazione naturale, Finceramica Biomedical solutions (4 pages).
Makita Industrial Power Tools, Product Details Print Out, Chain Mortiser, http://www.makita.com/menu.php?pg=product-det-prn&tag=7104L, Jun. 26, 2007 (3pgs).
Makita Industrial Power Tools, Product Details Print Out, Chain Mortiser, http://www.makita.com/menu.php?pg=product—det—prn&tag=7104L, Jun. 26, 2007 (3pgs).
Matsusue, M.D., Yoshitaka, et al, "Arthroscopic Osteochondral Autograft Transplantation for Chondral Lesion of the Tibial Plateau of the Knee", Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, vol. 17, No. 6 (Jul.-Aug.), 2001:pp. 653-659.
Mccarty, III., et al., "Nonarthoplasty Treatment of Glenohumeral Cartilage Lesions," Arthroscopy, The Journal of Arthroscopic and related Surgery, vol. 21, No. 9; Sep. 2005 (pp. 1131-1142).
Milling machine, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Milling-machine&printable=yes, Jun. 26, 2007 (4 pages).
Milling machine, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Milling—machine&printable=yes, Jun. 26, 2007 (4 pages).
Mortise and tenon, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mortise-and-tenon&printable=yes, Jun. 25, 2007 (3 pages).
Mortise and tenon, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mortise—and—tenon&printable=yes, Jun. 25, 2007 (3 pages).
Notice of Allowance dated Aug. 25, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/379,151.
Notice of Allowance dated Aug. 27, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
Notice of Allowance dated August 25, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/379,151.
Notice of Allowance dated August 27, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
Notice of Allowance dated Feb. 20, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/618,887.
Notice of Allowance dated Oct. 9, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
Notice of Allowance issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/308,718, dated Sep. 11, 2006.
Notice of Allowance issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/618,887, dated Sep. 13, 2007.
Notice of Allowance received in U.S. Appl. No. 10/618,887 dated Aug. 15, 2008.
Notice of Reasons for Rejection dated Nov. 17, 2009 issued in Japanese Patent Application No. 2007-519417.
Notice of Reasons for Rejection issued in related Japanese Patent Application No. 2003-394702 mailed Jul. 21, 2009.
Notice of Reasons for Rejection issued in related Japanese Patent Application No. 20-541615 mailed May 26, 2009.
Office Action dated Dec. 24, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/994,453.
Office Action issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/741,044, dated Oct. 26, 2005.
Office Action issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 11/326,133, dated Oct. 17, 2007.
Office Action issued in related Australian Patent Application No. 2007216648 dated Jul. 28, 2009.
Oka et al, "Development of artificial articular cartilage", Proc Instn Mech Engrs vol. 214 Part H, 2000 pp. 59-68 (10 pages).
Pill M.S., P.T., Stephan G. et al, "Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee: Experiences at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and a Review of Literature", the University of Pennsylvania Orthopaedic Journal 14: 25-33, 2001.
Provencher, et al., "Patellofemoral Kinematics After Limited Resurfacing of the Trochlea," The Journal of Knee Surgery, vol. 22 No. 2 (2008) pp. 1-7.
Reversed Arthroplastie, Total Evolutive Shoulder System T.E.S.S., Biomet France, Biomet Europe (4 pages).
Russell E. Windsor, MD, In-Depth Topic Reviews, Unicompartmental Knee Replacement, Nov. 7, 2002, 9 pages.
Scalise, et al., "Resurfacing Arthroplasty of the Humerus: Indications, Surgical Technique, and Clinical Results," Techniques in Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 8(3):152-160; 2007.
Schneider, T., et al, "Arthroscopy of the ankle joint. A list of indications and realistic expectations", Foot and Ankle Surgery 1996 2:189-193, © 1996 Arnette Blackwell SA.
Siguier, et al., "Partial Resurfacing Arthroplasty of the Femoral Head in Avascular Necrosis", Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, No. 386, pp. 85-92, 2001 (5 pages).
Siguier, et al., "Preliminary Results of Partial Surface Replacement of the Femoral Head in Osteonecrosis", The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 14, No. 1, 1999 (7 pages).
Suganuma, et al., "Arthroscopically Assisted Treatment of Tibial Plateau Fractures", Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, vol. 20, No. 10, Dec. 2004, pp. 1084-1089 (6 pages).
Sullivan, "Hallux Rigidus: MTP Implant Arthroplasty," Foot Ankle Clin. N. Am. 14 (2009) pp. 33-42.
Supplemental European Search Report dated May 11, 2009 issued in related International European Patent Application No. 02805182.9.
Supplemental European Search Report dated May 28, 2009 issued in related International European Patent Application No. 01997077.1.
Supplemental European Search Report dated Nov. 6, 2008 issued in related European Patent Application No. 05791453.3-2310.
Supplemental Notice of Allowance dated Nov. 25, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
Taranow WS, et al, "Retrograde drilling of osteochondral lesions of the medial talar dome", PubMed, www.pubmed.gov, A service of the National Library of Medicing and the Natinal Institutes of Health, Foot Ankle Int.Aug. 1999; 20 (8):474-80.
The Mini Uni: A New Solution for Arthritic Knew Pain and Disability, AORI, 4 pages, www.aori.org/uniknee.htm Apr. 20, 2004.
The Stone Clinic, Orthopaedic Surgery Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, Unicompartmental Replacement (partial knee joint replacement), Aug. 21, 2000, 3 pages, www.stoneclinic.com/unicopartrepl.htm, Apr. 20, 2004.
Thermann, et al, ATOS Newsletter, Jun. 2005, Aktuelle Themen, (16 pages).
U.S. Office Action dated Aug. 30, 2006 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/618,887.
U.S. Office Action dated Jan. 15, 2008 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/618,887.
U.S. Office Action dated Jan. 25, 2010 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/326,113.
U.S. Office Action dated Jan. 9, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
U.S. Office Action dated Jul. 2, 2008 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/379,151.
U.S. Office Action dated Jun. 27, 2008 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
U.S. Office Action dated Mar. 27, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/169,326.
U.S. Office Action dated May 13, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/359,892.
U.S. Office Action dated May 18, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/209,170.
U.S. Office Action dated Oct. 14, 2009 issued in relation U.S. Appl. No. 11/461,240.
U.S. Office Action dated Oct. 15, 2009 issued in relation U.S. Appl. No. 11/551,912.
U.S. Office Action dated Oct. 21, 2008 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/461,240.
U.S. Office Action dated Oct. 5, 2009 issued in relation U.S. Appl. No. 10/789,545.
U.S. Office Action dated Sep. 2, 2009 issued in relation U.S. Appl. No. 10/994,453.
U.S. Office Action dated Sep. 25, 2008 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/326,133.
U.S. Office Action issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463 dated Apr. 21, 2008.
U.S. Office Action issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/994,453 dated Jun. 5, 2007.
U.S. Office Action issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 10/994,453 dated Sep. 3, 2008.
U.S. Office Action issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/326,133 dated Jun. 12, 2008.
U.S. Office Action received in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/169,326 dated Apr. 17, 2007.
U.S. Office Action received in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/169,326 dated Jul. 27, 2007.
U.S. Office Action received in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/169,326 dated Jun. 30, 2008.
U.S. Office Action received in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/169,326 dated Mar. 9, 2007.
Ueblacker, M.D., Peter, et al, "Retrograde Cartilage Transplantation of the Proximal and Distal Tibia", Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscipic and Related Surgery, vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan.), 2004: pp. 73-78.
United States Office Action dated May 1, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/461,240.
United States Office Action dated May 13, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/359,892.
United States Office Action dated May 18, 2009 issued in related U.S. Appl. No. 11/209,170.
United States Office Action issued is related U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965, dated Feb. 19, 2008.
Uribe, et al., "Partial Humeral Head Resurfacing for Osteonecrosis," Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, (2009) 6 pages.
Ushio et al, "Partial hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral hear", An Experimantal Study in the Dog, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol. 85-B, No. 6, Aug. 2003, pp. 922-930 (9 pages).
USPTO Notice of Allowance issued May 12, 2003 in U.S. Appl. No. 10/024,077.
USPTO Notice of Allowance issued Sep. 26, 2003 in U.S. Appl. No. 10/162,533.
USPTO Notice of Allowance issued Sep. 30, 2002 in U.S. Appl. No. 09/846,657.
USPTO Office Action dated Apr. 1, 2003 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/162,533.
USPTO Office Action dated Apr. 2, 2002 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 09/846,657.
USPTO Office Action dated Apr. 21, 2006 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/308,718.
USPTO Office Action dated Apr. 26, 2007 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
USPTO Office Action dated Apr. 4, 2007 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/789,545.
USPTO Office action dated Aug. 13, 2004 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
USPTO Office action dated Aug. 16, 2005 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
USPTO Office Action dated Aug. 29, 2007 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
USPTO Office Action dated Aug. 31, 2005 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/308,718.
USPTO Office Action dated Dec. 21, 2007 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 11/169,326.
USPTO Office Action dated Dec. 26, 2007 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 11/379,151.
USPTO Office action dated Dec. 8, 2005 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
USPTO Office Action dated Feb. 20, 2007 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 11/326,133.
USPTO Office Action dated Feb. 27, 2002 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 09/846,657.
USPTO Office action dated Jan. 27, 2005 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
USPTO Office Action dated Jan. 3, 2002 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 09/846,657.
USPTO Office Action dated Jul. 25, 2006 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
USPTO Office Action dated Mar. 15, 2007 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
USPTO Office action dated Mar. 28, 2003 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/024,077.
USPTO Office action dated May 10, 2006 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
USPTO Office Action dated May 31, 2007 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 11/326,133.
USPTO Office Action dated Nov. 6, 2006 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
USPTO Office Action dated Nov. 9, 2005 issued in corresponding U.S. Appl. No. 10/308,718.
USPTO Office Action dated Oct. 17, 2006 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
USPTO Office Action dated Oct. 31, 2006 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/760,965.
USPTO Office Action dated Oct. 9, 2007 issued in U.S. Appl. No. 10/373,463.
Yaw angle, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yaw-angle&printable=yes, Jun. 25, 2007 (1 page).
Yaw angle, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yaw—angle&printable=yes, Jun. 25, 2007 (1 page).

Cited By (66)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8147559B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2012-04-03 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US8177841B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2012-05-15 Arthrosurface Inc. System and method for joint resurface repair
US9055955B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2015-06-16 Arthrosurface Inc. Bone resurfacing system and method
US8864827B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2014-10-21 Arthrosurface Inc. System and method for joint resurface repair
US9204873B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2015-12-08 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US9357989B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2016-06-07 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US20100312342A1 (en) * 2000-05-01 2010-12-09 Arthrosurface Incorporated Articular Surface Implant
US8540717B2 (en) 2000-05-01 2013-09-24 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurface repair
US8663230B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2014-03-04 Arthrosurface Incorporated Retrograde delivery of resurfacing devices
US8556902B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2013-10-15 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for retrograde procedure
US20060020343A1 (en) * 2002-12-03 2006-01-26 Ek Steven W System for articular surface replacement
US9044343B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2015-06-02 Arthrosurface Incorporated System for articular surface replacement
US8361159B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2013-01-29 Arthrosurface, Inc. System for articular surface replacement
US8926615B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2015-01-06 Arthrosurface, Inc. System and method for retrograde procedure
US8523872B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2013-09-03 Arthrosurface Incorporated Tibial resurfacing system
US9351745B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2016-05-31 Arthrosurface Incorporated Trochlear resurfacing system and method
US8388624B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2013-03-05 Arthrosurface Incorporated Trochlear resurfacing system and method
US9931211B2 (en) 2003-02-24 2018-04-03 Arthrosurface Incorporated Trochlear resurfacing system and method
US8679190B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2014-03-25 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Hydrogel arthroplasty device
US9387082B2 (en) 2004-10-05 2016-07-12 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Hydrogel arthroplasty device
US8961614B2 (en) 2004-11-22 2015-02-24 Arthrosurface, Inc. Articular surface implant and delivery system
US8142509B2 (en) 2006-01-23 2012-03-27 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Patellar components
US20080300689A1 (en) * 2006-01-23 2008-12-04 Mc Kinnon Brian W Patellar Components
US9358029B2 (en) 2006-12-11 2016-06-07 Arthrosurface Incorporated Retrograde resection apparatus and method
US20090088846A1 (en) * 2007-04-17 2009-04-02 David Myung Hydrogel arthroplasty device
US8883915B2 (en) 2008-07-07 2014-11-11 Biomimedica, Inc. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic interpenetrating polymer networks derived from hydrophobic polymers and methods of preparing the same
US8497023B2 (en) 2008-08-05 2013-07-30 Biomimedica, Inc. Polyurethane-grafted hydrogels
US20100032090A1 (en) * 2008-08-05 2010-02-11 David Myung Polyurethane-Grafted Hydrogels
US8853294B2 (en) 2008-08-05 2014-10-07 Biomimedica, Inc. Polyurethane-grafted hydrogels
US9662126B2 (en) 2009-04-17 2017-05-30 Arthrosurface Incorporated Glenoid resurfacing system and method
US20100268238A1 (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-10-21 Arthrosurface Incorporated Glenoid Resurfacing System and Method
US9283076B2 (en) 2009-04-17 2016-03-15 Arthrosurface Incorporated Glenoid resurfacing system and method
US20100312343A1 (en) * 2009-06-04 2010-12-09 Linares Medical Devices, Llc Tip support insert for application to left/right articular processes to minimize abrasion between vertebrae and to maintain proper angle/lift for reducing nerve compression
US8852286B2 (en) * 2009-08-25 2014-10-07 Fellowship Of Orthopaedic Researchers, Inc. Trochlear implants and methods of use
US20150005895A1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2015-01-01 Fellowship Of Orthopaedic Researchers, Inc. Trochlear implants and methods of use
US8920499B2 (en) * 2009-08-25 2014-12-30 Fellowship Of Orthopaedic Researchers, Inc. Method of use of trochlear implants
US9668865B2 (en) * 2009-08-25 2017-06-06 Fellowship Of Orthopaedic Researchers, Inc. Trochlear implants and methods of use
US20130226298A1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2013-08-29 Fellowship Of Orthopaedic Researchers, Inc. Method of use of trochlear implants
US20110054609A1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2011-03-03 Cook Stephen D Trochlear implants and methods of use
US20120010718A1 (en) * 2010-07-08 2012-01-12 Still Gregory P Partial ankle joint replacement implant
US8668743B2 (en) 2010-11-02 2014-03-11 Adam D. Perler Prosthetic device with multi-axis dual bearing assembly and methods for resection
US8945135B2 (en) 2011-02-14 2015-02-03 Michael D. Ries Patellar prostheses and instrumentation
US8747478B2 (en) 2011-02-14 2014-06-10 Imds Corporation Patellar prostheses and instrumentation
US9675399B2 (en) 2011-02-14 2017-06-13 Michael D. Ries Patient specific implants and instrumentation for patellar prostheses
US9066716B2 (en) 2011-03-30 2015-06-30 Arthrosurface Incorporated Suture coil and suture sheath for tissue repair
US9364333B1 (en) 2011-04-01 2016-06-14 The Lonnie and Shannon Paulos Trust Transosseous methods and systems for joint repair
US8870884B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2014-10-28 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for repairing bone defects
US9301766B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2016-04-05 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Apparatus for repairing bone defects
US9693786B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2017-07-04 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Method for repairing bone defects
US8728084B2 (en) 2011-06-27 2014-05-20 Biomet Sports Medicine, Llc Apparatus for repairing bone defects
US9826993B2 (en) 2011-09-02 2017-11-28 Episurf Ip-Management Ab Surgical kit for cartilage repair
US9254196B2 (en) 2011-09-02 2016-02-09 Episurf Ip-Management Ab Implant specific drill bit
US9009012B2 (en) 2011-09-02 2015-04-14 Episure IP Management AB Modular surgical kit for cartilage repair
US9114024B2 (en) 2011-11-21 2015-08-25 Biomimedica, Inc. Systems, devices, and methods for anchoring orthopaedic implants to bone
US9468448B2 (en) 2012-07-03 2016-10-18 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for joint resurfacing and repair
US9795489B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2017-10-24 L&K Biomed Co., Ltd System for a knee prosthetic
US9974588B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2018-05-22 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Ankle replacement system and method
US9993255B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2018-06-12 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Ankle replacement system and method
US9907561B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2018-03-06 Wright Medical Technologies, Inc. Ankle replacement system and method
US9918724B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2018-03-20 Wright Medical Technology, Inc. Ankle replacement system and method
US9925054B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-03-27 Drexel University Prosthetic ankle with conic saddle shaped joint
US9492200B2 (en) 2013-04-16 2016-11-15 Arthrosurface Incorporated Suture system and method
US9655727B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2017-05-23 Stryker Corporation Extended patellofemoral
US9931219B2 (en) 2014-03-07 2018-04-03 Arthrosurface Incorporated Implant and anchor assembly
US9962265B2 (en) 2014-03-07 2018-05-08 Arthrosurface Incorporated System and method for repairing articular surfaces
US9861492B2 (en) 2014-03-07 2018-01-09 Arthrosurface Incorporated Anchor for an implant assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20100312342A1 (en) 2010-12-09 application
US20060229726A1 (en) 2006-10-12 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6923811B1 (en) Systems and methods for spinal fixation
US8709089B2 (en) Minimally invasive joint implant with 3-dimensional geometry matching the articular surfaces
US6682565B1 (en) Joint prosthesis
US4964865A (en) Glenoid prosthesis and method of use
US20040193169A1 (en) Surgical apparatus to allow replacement of degenerative ankle tissue
US8177841B2 (en) System and method for joint resurface repair
US20040186585A1 (en) Sphere-on-sphere ankle prosthesis
US6395004B1 (en) Orthopedic trial prosthesis and saw guide instrument
US20070021838A1 (en) Site specific minimally invasive joint implants
US20130211531A1 (en) Patient-adapted and improved articular implants, designs and related guide tools
US4738681A (en) Femoral-joint prosthetic device
US20130253522A1 (en) Patient Selectable Joint Arthroplasty Devices and Surgical Tools
US20050049710A1 (en) Prosthesis for partial replacement of an articulating surface on bone
US5127920A (en) Prosthesis and methods for subtotal dome arthroplasty of the hip joint
US6017348A (en) Apparatus and methods for articular cartilage defect repair
US20060036330A1 (en) Method and apparatus for wrist arthroplasty
US5782922A (en) Method and apparatus for replacing the capitellum
US5458646A (en) Wrist prosthesis
US4895573A (en) Femoral-joint prosthetic device
Coughlin et al. Operative repair of the fixed hammertoe deformity
US20110071802A1 (en) Patient-adapted and improved articular implants, designs and related guide tools
US3987500A (en) Surgically implantable total ankle prosthesis
US20080221697A1 (en) Hemi-implant for first metatarsophalangeal joint
Navid et al. Approach alternatives for treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus
US5782927A (en) Metacarpal-phalangeal joint replacement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: ARTHROSURFACE, INC., MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EK, STEVEN W.;REEL/FRAME:017665/0798

Effective date: 20060515

Owner name: ARTHROSURFACE, INC.,MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EK, STEVEN W.;REEL/FRAME:017665/0798

Effective date: 20060515

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

MAFP

Free format text: PAYMENT OF MAINTENANCE FEE, 8TH YR, SMALL ENTITY (ORIGINAL EVENT CODE: M2552)

Year of fee payment: 8