US768525A - Hydrocarbon-burner. - Google Patents

Hydrocarbon-burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US768525A
US768525A US18346603A US1903183466A US768525A US 768525 A US768525 A US 768525A US 18346603 A US18346603 A US 18346603A US 1903183466 A US1903183466 A US 1903183466A US 768525 A US768525 A US 768525A
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Prior art keywords
receiver
spreader
burner
nozzle
stove
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Expired - Lifetime
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US18346603A
Inventor
Nathaniel Edwards
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Nathaniel Edwards
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Priority to US18346603A priority Critical patent/US768525A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C5/00Stoves or ranges for liquid fuels
    • F24C5/02Stoves or ranges for liquid fuels with evaporation burners, e.g. dish type

Description

No. 768,525. v PATENTED AUG. 23, 1904. N. EDWARDS;
HYDROGARBON BURNER.
APPLIOATION FILED nno.- 2, 190a.
N0 MODEL.
. Q C b U F F w v 7 3 1 I i E Q 1 L/ 1 Q N a v anoenloz jewzzezj dza ardq, Witnesses Quorum;
UNITED STATES.
Patented August 23, 1904.
PATENT OFFICE.
NATHANIEL EDWARDS, OF KNIGHTSTOVVN, INDIANA- HYDROGARBi ON-BURNER,
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 768,525, dated. August 23, 1904.
I Application filed December 2, 1903. erial No. 183,466. (N model.)
To 0171110711074), it may concern:
Be it known that I, NATHANIEL EDwARDs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Knightstowmin the county of Henry and State of Indiana, have invented new and-useful-Improvements in Hydrocarbon Burners, of
which the, following is a specification.
My invention relates to new and useful improvements in hydrocarbon=burners; and its object is to provide a device of this character which can be placed within a stove of ordinary or special construction and which will produce practically perfect combustion without the use of coils or other similar vaporizing apparatus.
The invention consists in providing a tubular receiver having a deflector at one end, both ends of the receiver being open. A nozzle extends into the upper end of this receiver and has a spray whereby the hydrocarbon discharged therefrom will be finely divided when discharged into the receiver. device is located below the deflector and in alinement with the nozzle, whereby any .unconsumed portions of the fuel discharged from the nozzle will be vaporized and consumed.
The invention also consists in the further novel construction and combination of parts hereinafter more fully described and claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, showing the preferred form of my invention, and in which Figure 1 is a perspective View of a stove having my improved burner, the front wall of the stove being broken away to show the positions of the parts of the burner therein.
- Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section through the receiver and the diaphragm inclosing the same,
and Fig. 3 is a plan view ofthe spreading device.
erence, 1 is a base upon which is mounted a stove-casing 2, which may be of any suitable form and which has an outlet 3, adapted to'be connected to a chimney or other outlet-flue in any suitable manner. An aperture 4 is formed within the center of the top of the flue, and depending from the stove-top and inelosing the aperture is a tubular receiver 5, which projects downward to a point adjacent the bottom of the stove. This receiver has supporting- .tical alinement with the spray 8.
A spreading.
Referring to the figures by numerals of ref- I arms 6'extending transversely thereof adjacent itstop, and these arms serveto hold a.
nozzle 7 which extends longitudinally of the center of the receiver at its upper. end. A spray 8 is located at the lower endof this nozzle, and said nozzle is connected to adischargepipe9, having a valve lOtherein for regulating the amount of fuel fedv to the receiver. The discharge-pipe 9 is adapted to be connectedin any suitable manner to atank or other fuel-receptacle. The lower end of receiver 5 is flared, as shown at 11, to form a deflector, and located under this flared portion is a spreader 12 in the form of a stepped cone, the apex of which is preferably in ver- Apertures 13 are formed within the spreader and form inlets for air which is adapted to pass therethrough from the base 1 of the stove. A diaphragm 14: is secured to and incloses the receiver 5 at a point between its ends, and this diaphragm abuts against the rear portion of the stove 2, while it is spaced from the front portion thereof by means of arms 15. This diaphragm serves to prevent the direct passage of products of combustion from the spreader to the outlet 3 and serves to deflect them from the burner to the front of the stove and thenceupward to the outlet.
Oil is supplied. to the nozzle 7 from the pipe 9 and is discharged from the spray 8 in a finely-divided condition and drops through the receiver 5and upon the spreader 12. It
is here ignited, and the flames are deflected outward by the flared portion 11, and the products of combustion pass between the arms 15 and the diaphragm 1 1 and thence to the outlet 3. The heat generated serves to vaporize the fuelas it passes through the receiver 5 in its finely-divided state. 'Should any of the fuel fall in a liquidstate below the flared portion 11, it would be commingled with air passing upward through the apertures 13 and would be promptly consumed. It will be understood that the draft through the receiver 5 and the, apertures 13 to the outlet 3 will be sufficiently strong to preventthe escape of combustible gases from the stove.
In the foregoing description I have shown the preferred form of my invention; butI do not limit myself thereto, as I am aware that modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the ad vantages thereof, and I therefore reserve the right to make such changes as fairly fall within the scope of my invention.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is 1. A hydrocarbon-burner comprising a tubular receiver, a nozzle supported within the receiver, a spraying device at one end of the nozzle, a deflector at one end of the receiver, and a spreader below and in alinement with the receiver and deflector, said spreader having a series of air-inlet ports.
2. A hydrocarbon-burner comprising a tubular receiver, arms extending transversely thereof, a nozzle supported by the arms, a spraying device at one end of the nozzle, a deflector at one end of the receiver, and a stepped spreader below and in alinement with the receiver and deflector, said spreader having a series of air-inlet ports.
3. The combination withastove-casing, and a base supporting the same; of a stepped spreader upon the base and within the casing,
said spreader having a series of air-inlet ports, a tubular receiver suspended within the easing and above the spreader,
deflector inclosing the lower end of the receiver and overhanging the spreader, and a diaphragm inclosing the receiver.
4. The combination with a stove-casi ng, and a base supporting the same; of a stepped spreader upon the base and within the casing, said spreader having series of air-inlets, a tubular receiver open at its ends and suspended within the casing above the spreader, a nozzle secured in the upper end of the receiver, a spraying device connected thereto, a deflector inclosing and secured to the lower end of the receiver and overhanging the spreader, a diaphragm inclosing the receiver, and a spacing-arm extending from the diaphragm.
In testimony whereof I allix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
N ATHANIEL E l)\V ARDS Vitnesses:
JULIA A. Moons, D. C. CnIrMAN.
a fuel-srnnyiug device within the upper end of the receiver, a
US18346603A 1903-12-02 1903-12-02 Hydrocarbon-burner. Expired - Lifetime US768525A (en)

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US18346603A US768525A (en) 1903-12-02 1903-12-02 Hydrocarbon-burner.

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US18346603A US768525A (en) 1903-12-02 1903-12-02 Hydrocarbon-burner.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2586779A (en) * 1946-10-05 1952-02-26 Breese Burners Inc Pot type burner with overhead feed

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2586779A (en) * 1946-10-05 1952-02-26 Breese Burners Inc Pot type burner with overhead feed

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