US768032A - Machine for grinding twist-drills. - Google Patents

Machine for grinding twist-drills. Download PDF

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US768032A
US768032A US6286801A US1901062868A US768032A US 768032 A US768032 A US 768032A US 6286801 A US6286801 A US 6286801A US 1901062868 A US1901062868 A US 1901062868A US 768032 A US768032 A US 768032A
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drill
wheel
grinding
holder
axis
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US6286801A
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Clarence A Chandler
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Clarence A Chandler
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B3/00Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools
    • B24B3/24Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools of drills
    • B24B3/247Supports for drills

Description

. No. 768,032. v PATENTED AUG. 23, 1904.
' 0.A.GHANDLBR.
MACHINE FOR GRINDING TWIST DRILLS.
APPLICATION rmm mm; a, 1901. N0 MODEL. s sums-sum 1.
PATENTED AUG. 23, 1904.
c. A. CHANDLER. MACHINE FOR GRINDING TWIST DRILLS.
APPLIUATION EILED JUNE 3, 1901. I
3 SHEETS-SHEET2.
N0 MODEL.
No. 768,032. PATENTED AUG. '23, 1904.
G. A. CHANDLER.
MACHINE FOR GRINDING TWIST DRILLS.
APPLIOATION FILED JUNE 3, 1901.
N0 MODEL. I a sums-sum a.
UNTTED' STATES Patented August 23, 1904.
PATENT OFFICE.
CLARENCE A. CHANDLER, OF WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS.
MACHINE FOR GRINDING TWIST-DRILLS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 768,032, dated August 23, 1904.
A li ati fil d June 3, 1901. Serial No. 62,868. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CLARENCE A. CHANDLER,
'a citizen of the United States, residing at Worcester, in the county of Worcester and Commonwealth of Massachusetts,have invented a new and useful Improvement in Machines- Figure 1 represents a front elevation of atwist-drill-grinding machine embodying my invention, a portion of the supporting-post having been removed. Fig. 2 is a'sectional view of the hood inclosing the grinding-wheel and containing the water-reservoir, the section being taken on line 2, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the hood on line 3 3, Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a perspectiveview of the drillholder detached from the machine, with a one of the V-shaped supports of the drillholder and representing the end of a drill'resting therein. Fig. 6 is aside view of the V- shaped drill-support nearest the grindingwheel. Fig. 8 is a central sectional view of the horizontally-adjustable bracket upon which the oscillating drill-holder is supported. Fig. 9
- is a top view of the bracket upon which the oscillating drill-holder is supported. Fig. 10 represents the inner side of the Vshaped drillsupport nearest the grinding-wheel, showing the adjustable wedge-shaped stop against which one of the drill-lips rests during the operation of grinding to limit the longituc'linal movement of the drill toward the grindingwheel. Fig. 11 is a side view of a drillholder provided with means for raising and lowering theshank of the drill inorder tovary the angle between the cutting-lip and the axis of the drill. Fig. 12 is a rear view of the curved bracket for elevating the shank of the drill, and Fig. 13 is a perspective view of the collar which is attached to the shank of the drill. Figs. 14 and 15 are diagrammatic views representing the positionlof the drilllip which is being ground relatively to its axis of oscillation and to the axis of the re- Fig. 5 is an end view of Fig. '7 is a rear view of the same:
volving grinding-wheel; and Fig. 16 is a diagrammaticvi-ew showing the relative position of the grinding-wheel, end of the drill being ground, and water-pipe by which water is supplied to the drill.
Similar reference letters and figures refer to similar parts in the different views.
My present invention relates to a machine for grinding twist-drills in which the drill to be ground is held in the V-shaped supports of an oscillating drill-grinder, with the ground end of the drill the lowest.
Theobject of my invention is to provide means for determining the proper position of the drill-lips while they are being ground, to provide means for varying the clearance of the drill, to simplify the construction of the drillholding device, and to provide means for the necesssary adjustment of the drill relatively to the grinding-wheel; and my invention consists in the construction and arrangement of parts by which theseobjects are accomplished and in other novel details of construction, as hereinafter described, and'pointed out in the annexed claims.
In the accompanying drawings I have represented a twist drill grinder in which the grinding-wheel is inclosed in a hood provided on one side with a water-reservoir for the application of water to the grinding-wheel,
whereby water is automatically applied to the wheel and returned to the reservoir by the ro tation of the wheel. My present invention, however, does not relate to the devices for applying water to the grinding-wheel or returning it to the reservoir, those features of my twist-drill grinder having been made the subject of a separate application.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, A denotes the upper part of the supportingpost, upon which the operating parts of the machine are mounted.
A is a spindle journaled in the post A and carrying a belt-pulley A by which the spindle is rotated. One end of the spindle A carries a grinding-wheel B, (indicated by broken lines in Fig. 1,) to the sideof which the point of the drill to be ground is applied. The
grinding-wheel B is inelosed within a hood B, forming a trough in which the grindingwheel runs and containing a water-reservoir into which the water is raised from the trough by the rotation of the wheel, as hereinafter described. The post A is provided with a projecting lug A, in which is held a cylindrical bar (1 by means of a set-screw G. The bar C is provided on its outer end with a screw-thread C Fig. 8, carrying a cylindrical nut C provided with a hand-wheel (3, by which the nut is turned. Capable of sliding on the bar C is a sleeve D, connected on diametrically opposite sides by a cross-bar D, which passes through and is capable of sliding in the slots C" C. The hollow cylindrical bar G contains a spiral spring C having one end bearing against the end wall 0 of the hollow cylindrical bar and its opposite end bearing against the cross-bar D, with the tension of the spring applied to force the crossbar and connected sleeve D toward the free end of the cylindrical bar C and hold the end of the sleeve D against the end of the cylindrical nut C The sleeve D is provided with a projecting bracket D, which holds a stud D and is provided with a curved concentric slot D.
Pivoted upon the stud D is the foot E of the drill-holder, which consists of a bar E, connected with the foot E by a curved neck E and provided with ways E on its upper surface for the adjustable V-shaped supports E and E The drill-holder, comprising the V-shaped supports, bar E, and foot E, is capable of being oscillated about the pivotal stud D about an axis coincident with the axis of the pivotal stud D as is usual in drill-grinders of this class, by which the tip of the drill held in the \l-shaped supports E' E is given a rocking motion past the grinding-surface of the wheel. The twist-drill when in position to be ground is held in the V-shaped supports E E The lower V-shaped support E is provided with a dovetailed base E, which is adjustably held in dovetailed ways E of the bar E by means of a tighten ing-screw E arranged to press against a wedge-shaped pin E The V-shaped support E" is provided with an index-mark a, and the surface of the bar E is graduated at Z) to indicate the position of the V-shaped support E, which is moved on the bar E to change the position of the point of the drill relatively to its axis of l oscillation, which is coincident with the axis of the stud D and thereby vary the clearance of the drill. Attached to the end of the V-shaped support E' is a plate with its edge F arranged to contact with one of the lips of the drill and form a lip-rest F, by which the drill is held from rotating about its axis. Upon the inside of the V-shaped support E is a wedge-shaped drill-stop G capable of sliding vertically on a stud Gr, which passes through a slot (i in the drill-stop and is held in one side of the V-shaped support it.
The wedge-shapml drill-stop (l is provided 1 at its upper end with a stud (i which carries a leverG", comprisingtwoelasticmembers l (i and Ur, which are arranged to pinch the l stud G and prevent the lever from turning too freely upon the stud. The tip or toe (l of the lever bears against the upper end (l of one side of the V-shaped support E", which serves as a fulcrum to lift the wedge-shapml support (1?. In placing the drill in the V- shaped supports E and the upper lip ll of the drill is placed against the lip-rest F and slightly in advance thereof. The wedgeshaped support (it is then released and allowed to fall by gravity until its rear edge strikes against the lower lip H and serves to hold the drill from longitudinal movementtoward the grinding-wheel. Thedrill-holder is then moved toward the side of the grimling-wheel by rotating thehand-wheel (l and cylindrical nut C to slide the sleeve 1) and bracket I) toward the grinding-wheel until the upper lip H of the drill is brought into contact with the side of the grinding-wheel,when the holder is oscillated around the axis of the pivotal pin 1), thereby imparting a rocking motion to the drill-lip in contact with the grindingsurface of the wheel.
The wedge-shaped support (1 is then maintained in its position by resting the toe (l of the lever G" against the V-shaped support, and the drill is then turned one-half a revolution,causing the upper and lower lips to change position when thegrinding operation is repeated. By this means both lips of the drill are ground alike by maintaining the wedge-shzuaal support (ii in the same position as each lip is ground, provided the drill is syn'imetrical or the two lips are of the same size in cross-section. In case the drill is unsymmetrical or the lips vary in cross-section the drill is placed in proper position to grind one of the lips and the longitudinal position of the drill in the V- shaped supports is determined by means of a gage I, attached to a rod 1, adjustably held in a lug 1 on the side of the V-shaped support E by means of a clamping-screw l. The gage I is brought against the end l of the drill, as represented in Fig. 4, and the gage is clamped in position to determine the proper position of the drill when itis turned to grind the second lip, the wedge-shaped support (iserving to hold the drill from longitmlinal movement toward the wheel during the operation of grinding. The V-shaped supports E" and E are arranged at the proper angle to hold the drill in proper position to grind the lips at an angle to the axis of the drill usual in twist grind-drills; but in case it is desired to grind the drill at a dili'erent angle, .foi m- 3 ing a sharper point to the drill, remove the lupper V-shaped support E and substitute l therefor a curved bracket J, which is adjustlOO ably attached to the bar E in the same manner already described in reference to'the V- shaped support E The curved bracket J is provided with a series of holes J to receive a pin J Fig. 10, which supports a collar J secured to the shank of the drill by means of a set-screw J The collar J is reduced in thickness atJ to fit a slot J 6 in the curved bracket, and thereby hold, the shank of the drill from lateral movement. v
Having described those parts of the twistdrill grinder illustrated in the accompanying drawings to which my present invention relates, I will now briefly describe the method bywhich water is automatically applied to the surface of the grinding-wheel and automatically returned to the water-reservoir.
The hood B, inclosing the grinding-wheel, comprises a chamber K, forming a water-reservoir, from which water is conducted by a pipe K to a point directly over the lips of the drill, as'shown inv Fig. 16. The water as it strikes the lips of the drill flows off the end of the drill against the rapidly-revolving wheel and is carried down into the trough K at the bottom of the hood, so that the lower edge ofv the grinding-wheel B runs immersed in water which collects in the trough K The rapid revolution of the wheel B throws the water by centrifugal force in the direction of the arrow L, Fig. 2, into the reservoir K, from which it flows through the pipe K upon the drill, thereby causing a constant circulation of the water from the trough K to the reservoir K and from the reservoir K through the pipe K back to the trough. The hood B is provided. witha circular opening M on the front side to allowfthe drill to be presented to the grinding-wheel and -with a similar circular opening N on its rear side in which is fitted an elastic metal band N, with its inner edge N bearingagainstthe rear side of the grinding wheel. As the grinding- Wheel is reduced in thickness by wear it is moved forward relatively to the hood and the metal band N is pushed into contact with the rear side of the wheel in order to close the space between the revolving wheel and its inclosing hood and prevent water being thrown outside the hood by the revolution of the wheel. The front side of the hood B is provided with a flange or lip M, between which and the edge of the metal band N the edge of the grinding-wheel revolves, forming an annular chamber M around the periphery of the grinding-wheel slightly wider than the thickness of the wheel and inclosing a space M- upon each side of the periphery of the wheel, as shown in Fig. 3, in which the water thrown laterally from the periphery of the wheel is collected and flows over the metal band N and the lip M back into the trough K.
In the diagram Fig. 16 the circle 0 represents the position of the end of the drill which is being ground relatively to the grindingwheel, and 0 denotes the mouth of the water-pipe K, from which water is supplied to the end of the drill, and as the ground end of the drill is the lowest the water will flow over the lips of the drill in contact with the revolving grindingwheel, thereby preventing the spattering of-the water, which is liable'to occur when the water is supplied directly to the wheel.
Referring to the diagram Fig. 14, B denotes the grinding-wheel, and the line P denotes its axis of rotation. Q represents the position of the drill in plan view; Q, the pivotal point of the drill-holder; Q the axis of oscillation of the drill, and E the curved neck of the drill-holder." H denotes the upper lip of the drill or the lip which is being ground, and H the lower lip of the drill.
The diagram Fig. 15 represents the tip of the drill against the grinding-wheel or in the positionoccupied by the drill prior to its oscillation about the pivotal point. Q by the movement of the shank of the drill in the direction of the arrow 3, Fig. 14:, which carries the curved neck E of the holder away from the grinding-wheel as the drill is oscillated in order to bring the entire surface of the drill-lip from the tip 1 to the heel 2 of the lip against the wheel, thereby enabling the curved neck E to be placed in its normal position in close proximity to the hood surrounding the grinding-wheel, permitting a short curved neck to be used, which adds to the rigidity of the holder; This result is accomplished by providing a drill-holder capable of being rockedabout an axis of oscillation and holding the drill in proper position to present that lip to the grinding-surface of the wheel which lies outside the axis of oscillation of the drill, so that when the drill is oscillated in the direction of the arrow 3, Fig. 14, in the operation of grinding the shank of the drill will be carried away from the axis of the revolving wheel. If the drill when held upon .the left side of the axis P of the grinding-wheel were to be supported in a holder by whichthe point of the drill would be held the highest, then the lower lip H would be presented to the grinding-surface of the wheel, and as this lip would lie between the axis of oscillation Q and the axis P of the grinding-wheel the operation of grinding would require the shank of the drill to be moved toward the axis of the wheel, and this positionwould require the curved neck E of the drill-holder to be materially increased in length in order to provide the required clearance between 'the curved neck and hood inclosing the grinding-wheel.
In the above-described drill-grinder I preferably hold the point of the drill the lowest in order to allow the water supplied to the drill to flow ofi the point of the drill in contact with the grinding-wheel, thereby bringing'the upper lip H into contact with the ios grinding-Wheel, and I therefore locate the drill-holder upon the left side of the axis of the grinding-wheel as the operator faces that side of the wheel. If, however, the drill is supported in the holder with the point of the drill the highest, thereby bringing the lower lip H in contact with the grinding-wheel, the drill-holder is placed on the right-hand side of the axis I of the wheel, so as to cause the lip of the drill which is being ground to lie outside its axis of oscillation or upon that side of the axis of oscillation opposite the axis of the grinding-wheel.
What claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a machine for grinding twist-drills, the combination with a grinding-wheel and a drill-holder adapted for supporting a twistdrill and presenting one of its lips to said grinding-wheeLand means for holding thedrill from rotation in said holder about its axis,of an adjustable Wedge-shaped plate adapted to bear against the other of the drill-lips and hold the drill from longitudinal movement toward the grinding-Wheel, substantially as described.
2. In a twist-drill grinder, the combination With a grinding-wheel and a drill-holder for supporting a twist-drill and presenting one of its lips to said grinding-wheel, and means for holding the drill from rotating in said holder about its axis, of a wedge-shaped plate adapted to bear against the other drill-lip and hold the drill from longitudinal movement toward the grinding-wheel, and means for adjusting said plate to determine the longitudinal position of the drill relatively to the grinding- Wheel, substantially as described.
3. In a twist-drill grinder, the combination of a \I-shaped support for a twist-drill, a liprest bearing against one of the drill-lips to hold the drill from rotating in said holder about its axis and a wedge-shaped plate bearing against the other drill-lip to hold the drill from longitudinal movement toward thegrinding-wheel, substantially as described.
4:. In a twist-drill grinder, the combination of a grinding-wheel. a holder for supporting the drill, a gage for determining the longitudinal position of the drill in the holder, and a movable wedge-shaped plate arranged to contact with one of the drill-lips and hold the drill from endwise movement toward the grinding-wheel, substantially as described.
5. In a twist-drill grinder, the combination of a grinding-wheel and a drill-holder by which the drill is presented to the side of the grinding-wheel, a supporting-bracket for said drillholder, a pivotal connect-ion between said bracket and said drill-holder, whereby said holder is capable of oscillating about an axis passing obliquely through the side of the grinding-wheel, said holder being inclined to bring that drill-lip lying on the side of the axis of oscillation opposite to the axis of the grinding-wheel into contact with the grindingwheel, whereby the drill will be swung away from the axis of the grimling-wheel in the operation of grinding the drill, substantially as described.
6. In a twist-drill grinder the combination of a grinding-wheel, a bar parallel with the axis of the grinding-wheel, a. sleeve capable of sliding on said bar, a spring applied to crowd said sleeve away from the grindingwheel, means for moving said sleeve toward the grinding-wheel and against the tension of the spring, and a drill-holder carried by said sleeve, substantially as described.
7. In a twist-drill grinder, the combination with a supporting post or framework and a grinding-wheel jonrnaled therein, of a bracket mounted on said post. a drill-holder pivotally connected to said bracket, a spring with its tension applied to move said bracket and its pivoted (hill-holder away from the grindingwheel, and means for moving the bracket toward the grimling-wheel against the tension of said spring, substantialL as described.
8. In a twistdrill grinder, the combination of a grinding-wheel, a bar parallel with the axis of the grinding-wheel, a bracket movable longitudinally on said bar, a drill-holder carried by said bracket, a s iringapplied to move said drill-holder away from the grindingwheel, and means for moving said holder toward the grinding-wheel and against the tension of the spring, substantially as described.
9. In a twist-drill grinder, the con'ibinatiou with a supporting-post and a grimling-wheel journaled therein, ot a cylindrical hollow screw-threaded bar parallel with the axis ot the grimling-wheel and provided with longitudinal slots on diametrically opposite sides, a sleeve capable of sliding on said bar and provided with a projecting bracket. a drillholder pivotally connectml with said bracket, a cross-bar attached to opposite sides of said sleeve and extending diametrically through said slotted hollow bar, a spiral spring inclosed in said bar and bearing against said cross-bar to move the drill-holder away from the grinding-wheel, and a nut on said screwthreaded hollow bar bearing against said sleeve, whereby the drill-holder is carried toward the grimling-wheel, substantially as described.
10. In adrill-grinder, thecombination with a grinding-wheel and a drill-holder adapted to hold a drill and present its lips to the grinding-wheel, of a spring applied to move the drill holder away from the grindingwheel, and means acting against the tension of said spring to positively move the drillholder toward the grimling-wheel, substantially as described.
Dated this 28th day of May, 19m.
CLARENCE A. CI'IANDLICH.
WVitnesses:
RUrUs B. Fowrnn, FLORENCE (J. Cook.
US6286801A 1901-06-03 1901-06-03 Machine for grinding twist-drills. Expired - Lifetime US768032A (en)

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