US7576A - Improved steam-boiler - Google Patents

Improved steam-boiler Download PDF

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US7576A
US7576A US7576DA US7576A US 7576 A US7576 A US 7576A US 7576D A US7576D A US 7576DA US 7576 A US7576 A US 7576A
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water
boiler
vessels
tubes
box
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B9/00Steam boilers of fire-tube type, i.e. the flue gas from a combustion chamber outside the boiler body flowing through tubes built-in in the boiler body
    • F22B9/10Steam boilers of fire-tube type, i.e. the flue gas from a combustion chamber outside the boiler body flowing through tubes built-in in the boiler body the boiler body being disposed substantially horizontally, e.g. at the side of the combustion chamber
    • F22B9/12Steam boilers of fire-tube type, i.e. the flue gas from a combustion chamber outside the boiler body flowing through tubes built-in in the boiler body the boiler body being disposed substantially horizontally, e.g. at the side of the combustion chamber the fire tubes being in substantially horizontal arrangement

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  • 'ihe object of my invention is to maintain a constant and rapid circulation of the water in a tubular steam-boiler through the tubes and through a series of water-vessels, which depend from the roof of the fire-box and eX- pose a very large surface to the direct action of the fire.
  • the steam-generating portion of the boiler consists, mainly, of two parts, the chamber of combustion A or fire-box and the flue-cylinderB.
  • the fire-box is of a rectangular form and is surrounded by a Water-space a a.. Its sides are formed of plane surfaces, but its roof, instead of being iiat, as is ordinarily the case with locomotive boilers, is formed of a series of flat wedgeshaped water-vessels D, which descend into the chamber.
  • the flue-cylinder consists of a cylindric'al shell d, secured to the fire-box and containing a flue E, which extends from the chamber of combustion to a water-space or bridge F, depending from the top of the flue and extending to within a shortdistance of its bottom; the space left at the bottom being sufficient for the passage of the products of combustion from the flue into the smokebox G.
  • this flue is a series of tubes e.
  • all the sides ot' the water-vessels may be made to convergeinstead of the back and front alone. These vessels may likewise be placed obliquely across the fire-box instead of being parallel with its sides.
  • a series of These water-vessels have also the additional thin Water-spaces' may also be substituted ab the back end of the flue in piace of the bridge or continuous Water-space.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Control Of Steam Boilers And Waste-Gas Boilers (AREA)

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT QEETCE.
RICHARD E. DIBBLE, OF NEV YORK, N. Y.
IMPRovED STEAM-Bomen.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 7,576, dated August 20, 1850; antedated July 20, 1850.
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, RICHARD E. DIBBLE, of the city, county, and State of NewYork, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Steam-Boilers; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which make part of this specification, and in which* Figure l is a vertical longitudinal section of a locomotive-boiler with my improvement applied thereto, and Fig. 2 a face view of the boiler with the front of the fire-box removed.
'ihe object of my invention is to maintain a constant and rapid circulation of the water in a tubular steam-boiler through the tubes and through a series of water-vessels, which depend from the roof of the fire-box and eX- pose a very large surface to the direct action of the lire.
In order to exemplify my invention I will describe a boiler for a locomotive-engine constructed on the plan invented by me. The steam-generating portion of the boiler consists, mainly, of two parts, the chamber of combustion A or lire-box and the flue-cylinderB. In the former the fuel is burned and by the latter the products of combustion are conveyed to the smoke-pipe C. The fire-box is of a rectangular form and is surrounded by a Water-space a a.. Its sides are formed of plane surfaces, but its roof, instead of being iiat, as is ordinarily the case with locomotive boilers, is formed of a series of flat wedgeshaped water-vessels D, which descend into the chamber. These water-vessels are deepest at the side of the tire-box farthest from the door 1) and thence slope upward until they meet the iiat portion o't' the roof. They are separated from each other by spaces c, through which the flame is free to pass to the flue. The flue-cylinder consists of a cylindric'al shell d, secured to the fire-box and containing a flue E, which extends from the chamber of combustion to a water-space or bridge F, depending from the top of the flue and extending to within a shortdistance of its bottom; the space left at the bottom being sufficient for the passage of the products of combustion from the flue into the smokebox G. XVithin this flue is a series of tubes e.
These extend from the depending bridge F to the water-vessels D, in the back plate of which they are secured.
When this boiler is in operation, the watervessels being exposed to the direct radiation of the fire beneath are heated intensely, and if no means were provided for circulating the water through them they would probably burn out very quickly; but as they are con nected by the tubes e'with that portion ot' the boiler farthest from the li`re,.a`nd colisequen tly coolest, a constant circulation is maintained through them; the heated water rising in the Water-vessels and its place being supplied by the cooler Waterrushing through the tubes. Thus a constant circulationis maintained in the tubes and water-vessels, while at the same time the latter, from their shape, expose a very great evaporating-surface to the direct radiation of the lire, and thus increase the evaporating power of the boiler.
advantage of forming a fire-box roof of great strength, thus enabling the constructor to dispense with the stays and beams hitherto employed to strengthen this usually weakest part of the boiler. This method of combining tubes and water-vessels also affords a ready means of removing and replacing'wornout tubes, as the extremities of the tubes terminating in the water-vessels can be easily operated upon by tools inserted in the Watervessels from the dome II above..
In order to allow the steam formed in the tubes to escape with facility and to prevent it from impeding the circulation of the Water, I prefer to slope the tubes upward from the bridge F to the water-spaces D. The steam will thusnatu rally tend to escape in the same direction as the currents of watcrare moving, and will thus promote instead of retarding the circulation of the water.
Various modifications may bc made in the water-vessels and tubes without affecting the principle of my invention, and I intend to make such modifications whenever circumstances may render it expedient. Thus, for
example, all the sides ot' the water-vessels may be made to convergeinstead of the back and front alone. These vessels may likewise be placed obliquely across the lire-box instead of being parallel with its sides. A series of These water-vessels have also the additional thin Water-spaces' may also be substituted ab the back end of the flue in piace of the bridge or continuous Water-space.
Having thus described my improvement, I wish it to be understood that I do not claim as my invention any one ot' the devices described by me in this specification when taken separately. Neither do I Wish to confine-myself to the precise construction and arrangement of the parts of a boiler herein set forth; but
Vhat I do claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The arrangement of pendentWatervesseis D inthe -ire-box in connection With Watertubes e, which pass along the iue and are connected at one extremity with a Waterspace near the back of the boiler and at the other with the Water-vessels atthe fire-box, substantially as herein setforth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name.
RICHARD E. DIBBLE.
IVitnesses:
T. C. DONN, JOHN MUGAN.
US7576D Improved steam-boiler Expired - Lifetime US7576A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070176403A1 (en) * 2006-02-01 2007-08-02 Dennis Calderone Air adjustable seat

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070176403A1 (en) * 2006-02-01 2007-08-02 Dennis Calderone Air adjustable seat

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