US724435A - Sound-box for sound recording and reproducing machines. - Google Patents

Sound-box for sound recording and reproducing machines. Download PDF

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Publication number
US724435A
US724435A US10315302A US1902103153A US724435A US 724435 A US724435 A US 724435A US 10315302 A US10315302 A US 10315302A US 1902103153 A US1902103153 A US 1902103153A US 724435 A US724435 A US 724435A
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Prior art keywords
sound
diaphragm
box
stylus
recording
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Expired - Lifetime
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US10315302A
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George K Cheney
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George K Cheney
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B3/00Recording by mechanical cutting, deforming or pressing, e.g. of grooves or pits; Reproducing by mechanical sensing; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B3/44Styli, e.g. sapphire, diamond
    • G11B3/46Constructions or forms Disposition or mounting, e.g. attachment of point to shank

Description

No. 724,435. PATENTED APR. 7 1903.. G K. CHENEY.

SOUND BOX FOR SOUND RBGBRDING AND REPRODUGING MACHINES.

' APPLICATION FILED APR. 16, 1902.

' I0 menu. 4

, WITNESSES:

-' N AT'TORNY- i fn: uonm's was 00.. mom-Limo" WASNIN PATENT FFICE.

GEORGE K. CHENEY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

SOUND-BOX FOR SOUND RECORDING AND REPRODUCING MACHINES.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 724,435, dated April 7, 1903.

Application filed April 16, 1902. Serial No- 103,153. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern.-

Be it known that I, GEORGE K. CHENEY, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of the city of New York, county of New York, State of New York, have invent ed certain new and useful Improvements in Sound-Boxes for Sound Recording and Reproducing Machines, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to sound recording and reproducing machines, and more specifically to certain improvements in the construction of the sound-box employed therein.

One embodiment of the invention is-illustrated in the accompanying sheet of drawings, throughout the several views of which like referonce-numerals indicate corresponding parts.

In the drawings, Figure l is a plan view of the lower side of the sound-box. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof as viewed in the direction indicated by the arrow V Fig. 3is a similar view looking in the direction indicated bythe arrow V. Fig. 4 is a central vertical sectional view taken on the lines sof Fig. 1. Fig. 5 isa detail view in perspective of the recording-point and its su pp'ortingarm, and Fig. 6 is a similar view of an interchangeable reproducing-stylus.

Referring to the drawings, the sound-box casing is represented as provided in the usual manner with a tubular extension 1 for connection with the horn and a chamber 2 for the diaphragm. On the bottom of this chamher an annular seat 3 is formed, to which the diaphragm 4 is adhesively secured by wax or other suitable material. The seat may he formed by a single head having a concaved face or by two heads concentrically arranged side by side. In' either case a retaininggroove is provided for an annulus of wax,

on which the diaphragm is placed while the wax is soft and secured as it hardens.

The recording-point5 is formed in part with or rigidly secured to approximately an L-shaped arm 6, the short member of which is waxed to a disk 7, of rubber or other elastic material, and this disk is in turn secured directly to the diaphragm, as shown in Fig. 4. The free end of the long member of the L- shaped arm is secured centrally to a wire or strip 8 of highly resilient metal, preferably steel, which has its ends removably secured by screws in lugs 9 10 of a movable carriage 11.

The carriage has two adjustments, one to regulate the tension of the arm on the diaphragm and the other to regulate the tension of the wire or strip which carries the stylusarm. The adjustment of the carriage proper is effected by mounting the same on guides 12 12, formed in part with the sound-box casing, there being set-screws 13 13 for securing the carriage inany position to which it may be adjusted on the guides. The second adjustment is effected by mounting a blockl upon the carriage proper and shifting it as may be required by means of a screw 15, turn ing freely in a lug 16. The block 14 straddles the carriage and is secured as adjusted and limited in movement by a set-screw 17, working in a slot 18. The lug 9, in which one end of the wire Sis secured, is formed in part with the block 14, and the lug 10 is integral'with the carriage. Thus it will be seen that when the block is adjusted by the screw 15 the wire may be drawn taut and tensioned as may be required and the block thereafter secured by the screw 17.

The sound-box constructed as above described may be used either in recording or reproducing sound; but owing to the form of point or stylus employed it is specially adapted as a recorder. In order to obtain good results, it is necessary in reproducing to change the needle frequently, and I therefore preferably substitute for the recording-point an ordinary straight needle or stylus 19, mounted, however, in the same manner as shown in Fig. 6, but removably secured in a socket or tubular extension of the L-shaped arm by a set-screw 21.

In use either in recording or reproducing the diaphragm is practically free to vibrate throughout its entire area, and the full force and'effect of the sound-waves are thereby obtained. The wax on which the diaphragm is seated serves to elastically connect the same with its seat and has more or less yielding action as the diaphragm vibrates. Thus mount- ICO rounded quality generally. The use of an elastic medium between the stylus-arm and the diaphragm also contributes largely in improving the tone quality, as it yields on the outward vibration of the diaphragm, and thereby affords greater amplitude of movement with a corresponding increase of volume and clear-ness of tone on reproduction. Important advantages are secured in mounting the stylus-arm on a spring-metal wire in the manner described. The construction is extremely simple, and the readiness and facility with which the wire may be tensioned and such tension varied as desired proves both efiective and satisfactory. This form of spring acts both ways and serves to yieldingly maintain the stylus and its arm in a central position. A slight shifting of ,the

main carriage serves to complete the adjust- It will be understood that I do not wish to limit myself to the exact construction and relative arrangement of parts herein illustrated and described, as various changes might be made without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention. ample, the form of the sound-box casing might be changed, also the arrangement of the diaphragm and its seat therein, without necessarily dispensing with the elastic medium employed as a yielding connection between the same. Other means for eifecting the adjustment of the stylus with relation to the diaphragm and for mounting the'stylusarm might also be employed; but all such changes I consider obvious and immaterial variations of form and not of substance and still within the meaning of the present invent-ion.,

Having therefore described my invention, I claim I 1. The combination ofa diaphragm, a stylus phonetically connected therewith, a springwire carrier for the stylus, and means for stretching the wire to Vary its tension.

2. The combination of a diaphragm, astylus phonetically connected therewith, a torsionspring on which the stylus is mounted, supports for the spring and means for adjusting the supports to regulate the tension of the spring.

3. The combination ofa diaphragm, a stylus phonetically connected therewith, a springwire carrier for the stylus and fastenings for the ends of the wire, one of said fastenings being adjustable to vary the tension of the wire.

4. The combination of a diaphragm, a spring mounted stylus phonetically connected therewith, and a carrier for the stylus adjustable in a plane parallel with the face of the diaphragm.

5. The combination of a diaphragm, a stylus cooperating therewith, a spring-wire on which the stylus is mounted, an adjustable carrier for the wire and means on the carrier for varying the tension of the wire. For ex- 1 vided interiorly with an annular seat, a dia- 6. The'combination of a sound-box prophragm elastically secured to the seat, a

stylus cooperating with the diaphragm, a

GEORGE K. CHENEY.

Witnesses:

W. H. PUMPHREY, L. E. PEARSON.

US10315302A 1902-04-16 1902-04-16 Sound-box for sound recording and reproducing machines. Expired - Lifetime US724435A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2942888A (en) * 1953-04-13 1960-06-28 Golda A Duncan Phonograph and tone arm
US2942889A (en) * 1954-10-29 1960-06-28 Golda A Duncan Phonograph device
US20070147268A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-06-28 Elster Electricity, Llc Distributing overall control of mesh AMR LAN networks to WAN interconnected collectors

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2942888A (en) * 1953-04-13 1960-06-28 Golda A Duncan Phonograph and tone arm
US2942889A (en) * 1954-10-29 1960-06-28 Golda A Duncan Phonograph device
US20070147268A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-06-28 Elster Electricity, Llc Distributing overall control of mesh AMR LAN networks to WAN interconnected collectors

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