US723004A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US723004A
US723004A US11774701A US1901117747A US723004A US 723004 A US723004 A US 723004A US 11774701 A US11774701 A US 11774701A US 1901117747 A US1901117747 A US 1901117747A US 723004 A US723004 A US 723004A
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United States
Prior art keywords
plug
bottle
neck
gasket
weight
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Expired - Lifetime
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US11774701A
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Frederic A Morley
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CLARENCE A PHELAN
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CLARENCE A PHELAN
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Priority to US11774701A priority Critical patent/US723004A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves
    • B65D49/06Weighted valves with additional loading weights

Definitions

  • FREDERIO A "MORLEY, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- HALF TO OLARENCE.A.' PHELAN, OF BROOKLYN, 'NEWV YORK.
  • the invention relates to improvements in non-refillable bottles; andit consists in the novel features, structure, and combinations of parts hereinafter described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
  • the object of the invention is to produce a bottle having-withinits neckmeans for preventing the refilling of the bottle and which bottle, while containing the means for preventing refilling, will permit of the proper flow of the liquid therefrom.
  • FIG. 1 is acentral vertical section through a portion of a bottle constructed in accordance with and equipped with attachments embodying my invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a like View of same, the attachments being illustrated in side elevation instead of, as in Fig. 1, in section.
  • Fig. 3 is ahorizontalsection through the neck of the bottle on the dotted line 3 3 of Fig.1.
  • FigA is a horizontal section through the bottle on the dotted line 4 4 of Fig. '1.
  • Fig. 5 is a detached side elevation, partly in section, of a plug embracing a modification of a part of the invention; and
  • Fig. 6 is a horizontal section of same on the dotted line 6 6 of Fig. 5.
  • 10 designates the bottle, which, except at the neck portion 11, will be formed in the surface of the plug 16 and being out of alineinent with one another, the grooves 19 leading upward from the lower edges of the plug into the annular groove 17 and the grooves 18 leading upward from the annular groove 17 to the upper edges of the said plug 16.
  • the outflowof the liquid from the bottle is through the grooves 19 into the annular groove 17, andthence through the grooves 18 to the point of discharge, said grooves 18 and-19 forming outlet-passages for the liquid around the plug 16.
  • the grooves 18 and 19 are oppositely inclined and out of alinement with one another, so as toprevent the introduction of an instrument downward through said grooves into the lower portion of the bottle-neck.
  • the plug 16 may be secured within the bottle-neckin any convenient manner; butIhave devised a special means for locking the plug 16 within the bottle-neck, and the said means comprise the spring 20, connected with said plug, and the annular groove 13, formed in the bottle-neck to receive the ends of said spring.
  • the spring 20 is a flexible bar-spring held at its middle portion within a verticallydisposed slot extending horizontally through an extensionzl, projecting centrally downward from the plug 16. During the insertion of theplug 16 into the bottle-neck the ends of the spring 20 will be wrapped or coiled about the extension 21, so that said spring may not interfere with the introduction of the plug 16 into the neck of the bottle.
  • the ends of the said spring 20 will move outward into said groove 13 and operate as a bar to lock the plug 16 in position, said spring 20 at such time preventing any further downward movement of the plug 16 and also preventing the withdrawal of said plug outward from the bottle-neck.
  • the plug 16 after its insertion into the bottle-neck constitutes a stationary part, which will permit the outflow of the liquid and also prevent the introduction of a Wire or other means'downward to the parts located below the annular groove 13.
  • valve or plug 22 which preferably will be in the form of a cork body or stopper 23, having upwardly-converging side walls and encircled about its lower portion by a gasket 24, the upper edges of the gasket 24 being free of the said side walls and the lower edge of the gasket 24 being fastened or tightly bound against the lower side surfaces of the said body 23.
  • the gasket 24 may be of rubber and operates as a-cup-piston, permitting the outflow of' the liquid under proper conditions, but preventing the inflow of the liquid to the bottle.
  • said plug will seal the neck of the bottle and be maintained in such position by means of the weight 25, which is suspended from the plug 22 by means of the rod 26, which extends downward through the plug 22 and through a free aperture in the weight 25, the lower end of the rod 26 being provided with a suitable head 27 to prevent the escape downward of the Weight 25 therefrom.
  • the weight 25 is intended to be capable of a free sliding move ment on the rod 26 during the tilting action of the bottle.
  • the Weight 25 is disposed within the bottle and below the neck portion thereof, and upon the upper end of the weight 25 is provided a horizontal spider or frame 28, comprising, by preference, the crossed strips of whalebone or other flexible material 29, whose end portions project laterally beyond the plane of the sides of the bottle-neck, so that they may contact with the shoulder portion 30 of the bottle below said neck when the bottle is inverted and the weight 25 slides on the rod 26 toward said neck.
  • the frame 28, composed of the flexible crossed strips 29, will be introduced downward through the bottle-neck, and this may be accomplished since the said strips 29 are of flexible material and will expand outward after having passed downward below the lower end of the bottle-neck.
  • the present invention is' not limited in every instance to the special construction of plug 16 shown in Figs. 1 and 2 nor to the employment of the spring 20 as a means for locking said plug in position, since a very important part of the invention is located below said plug 16.
  • Figs. 5 and 6 I illustrate a, modified form of the plug 16, this modification being illustrated to indicate that other means than the spring 20 may be employed for locking the plug 16 in position.
  • the plug shown in Figs. 5 and 6 is numbered 31 and corresponds, substantially, with the plug 16 shown in Figs. 1 and 2, with the exception that the plug 31 is provided with an annular groove 32, containing two semicircular pieces 33 33,Which when closed together around and within the annular groove 32 have their outer edges within the vertical plane of the sides of said plug 31 and will not interfere with the introduction of said pluginto the neck of the bottle.
  • said attachment comprising an upper plug secured within the bottleneck and having outflow-passages, and the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said neck below said upper plug and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and the compressible gasket .24 encircling and carried by said body portion, said neck having the downwardly-converging side walls against which said gasket may seal when said plug 22 is in its lower position, and said neck above the lower position for said plug 22 being enlarged to form a chamber through which the liquid may fiow around said plug 22; substantially as set forth.
  • the bottle having in its neck the annular grooveand below said groove the downwardly-converging side walls forming the inverted conical chamber, and the attachment to prevent refilling, said attachment comprising the upper plug having outflow-passages for the liquid and means to engage the walls of said groove for locking said plug in position, combined with the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said chamber and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and compressible gasket 24 encircling and carried by said body portion, said gasket when the plug 22 is in its lower position being adapted to seat against the walls of said chamber; substantially as set forth.
  • the bottle having in its neck the downwardly-converging side walls forming the inverted conical chamber, and the attachment to prevent refilling, said attachment comprising the upper plug having outflow-passages, and the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said chamber and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and the compressible gasket 24 encircling and carried by said body portion said gasket being secured at its lower edges in close contact with said body portion and thence flaring upwardly and outwardly therefrom and being adapted when the plug 22 is in its lower position to seal against said walls; substantially as set forth.
  • the bottle having in its neck the annular groove and below said groove the downwardly-converging side walls forming the inverted conical chamber, and the attachment for preventing refilling, said attachment comprising the upper plug having outflow-passages for the liquid and the transverse spring to move outward into said groove for locking said plug in position, combined with the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said chamber and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and encircling compressible gasket 24, the latter when the plug 22 is in its lower position, being adapted to seat against the walls of said chamber and when said plug is in its outer position, permitting the outflow of the liquid around the plug; substantially as set forth.

Description

, PATENTED MAR. 17, 1903.
I. A. MORLEY. NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
APPLICATION-FILED JULY 17, 1901. RENEWED JULY 31, 1902.
110 MODEL.
ATTORNEY UNIT STATES I PATENT OFFICE.
FREDERIO A. "MORLEY, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- HALF TO OLARENCE.A.' PHELAN, OF BROOKLYN, 'NEWV YORK.
' NON-QREFILLABLE BO-TTLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 723,004, dated March 17, 1903.
' Application fi1edlTuly 17, 1901. Renewedifulyfil. 1902. Serial No. 117,747. 7 (r5 model.)
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, FREDERIO A. ll/IORLEYL of New York, haveinvented certain new and useful Improvements in Non-Refillable Bo ttles, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to improvements in non-refillable bottles; andit consists in the novel features, structure, and combinations of parts hereinafter described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
The object of the invention is to produce a bottle having-withinits neckmeans for preventing the refilling of the bottle and which bottle, while containing the means for preventing refilling, will permit of the proper flow of the liquid therefrom. g
The invention will be fully understood from the detailed description hereinafter presented, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is acentral vertical section through a portion of a bottle constructed in accordance with and equipped with attachments embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a like View of same, the attachments being illustrated in side elevation instead of, as in Fig. 1, in section. Fig. 3 is ahorizontalsection through the neck of the bottle on the dotted line 3 3 of Fig.1. FigAis a horizontal section through the bottle on the dotted line 4 4 of Fig. '1. Fig. 5 is a detached side elevation, partly in section, of a plug embracing a modification of a part of the invention; and Fig. 6 is a horizontal section of same on the dotted line 6 6 of Fig. 5.
In the drawings, 10designates the bottle, which, except at the neck portion 11, will be formed in the surface of the plug 16 and being out of alineinent with one another, the grooves 19 leading upward from the lower edges of the plug into the annular groove 17 and the grooves 18 leading upward from the annular groove 17 to the upper edges of the said plug 16. The outflowof the liquid from the bottle is through the grooves 19 into the annular groove 17, andthence through the grooves 18 to the point of discharge, said grooves 18 and-19 forming outlet-passages for the liquid around the plug 16. The grooves 18 and 19 are oppositely inclined and out of alinement with one another, so as toprevent the introduction of an instrument downward through said grooves into the lower portion of the bottle-neck.
The plug 16 may be secured within the bottle-neckin any convenient manner; butIhave devised a special means for locking the plug 16 within the bottle-neck, and the said means comprise the spring 20, connected with said plug, and the annular groove 13, formed in the bottle-neck to receive the ends of said spring. The spring 20 is a flexible bar-spring held at its middle portion within a verticallydisposed slot extending horizontally through an extensionzl, projecting centrally downward from the plug 16. During the insertion of theplug 16 into the bottle-neck the ends of the spring 20 will be wrapped or coiled about the extension 21, so that said spring may not interfere with the introduction of the plug 16 into the neck of the bottle. After the plug 16 has been pushed downward into the bottle-neck until the spring 2Q meets the annular groove 13 the ends of the said spring 20 will move outward into said groove 13 and operate as a bar to lock the plug 16 in position, said spring 20 at such time preventing any further downward movement of the plug 16 and also preventing the withdrawal of said plug outward from the bottle-neck. The plug 16 after its insertion into the bottle-neck constitutes a stationary part, which will permit the outflow of the liquid and also prevent the introduction of a Wire or other means'downward to the parts located below the annular groove 13.
Within the conical chamber 14, formed within the lower portion of the bottle-neck, is provided the valve or plug 22, which preferably will be in the form of a cork body or stopper 23, having upwardly-converging side walls and encircled about its lower portion by a gasket 24, the upper edges of the gasket 24 being free of the said side walls and the lower edge of the gasket 24 being fastened or tightly bound against the lower side surfaces of the said body 23. The gasket 24 may be of rubber and operates as a-cup-piston, permitting the outflow of' the liquid under proper conditions, but preventing the inflow of the liquid to the bottle. When the plug 22 is in its lower position (shown in Figs. 1 and 2) and the bottle is in an upright position, said plug will seal the neck of the bottle and be maintained in such position by means of the weight 25, which is suspended from the plug 22 by means of the rod 26, which extends downward through the plug 22 and through a free aperture in the weight 25, the lower end of the rod 26 being provided with a suitable head 27 to prevent the escape downward of the Weight 25 therefrom. The weight 25 is intended to be capable of a free sliding move ment on the rod 26 during the tilting action of the bottle. The Weight 25 is disposed within the bottle and below the neck portion thereof, and upon the upper end of the weight 25 is provided a horizontal spider or frame 28, comprising, by preference, the crossed strips of whalebone or other flexible material 29, whose end portions project laterally beyond the plane of the sides of the bottle-neck, so that they may contact with the shoulder portion 30 of the bottle below said neck when the bottle is inverted and the weight 25 slides on the rod 26 toward said neck.
It will be observed that a definite space is allowed between the upper end of the plug 22 when the latter is in its lower position and the lower end of the plug 16, and this space is left between the said parts so as to allow the plug 22 when the bottle is inverted to move outward from its lower positionand against said plug 16. When the bottle is tilted or inverted, the weight 25 will slide toward the bottle-neck on the rod 26 and the plug 22 and rod 26 will move outward toward the plug 16, and when the plug 22 has thus left its lower position the liquid may flow around the gasket 24 of said plug 22 and thence around the plug 16 to the point of discharge When the weight 25 has moved toward the bottle-neck upon the rod 26, the liquid will press against the plug 22 and drive it outward toward and against the plug 16. When the plug 22 has attained its outward position against the plug 16, a space will be created between the exterior walls of the gasket 24 and the inner surfaces of the conical chamber 14 sufficient for the outflow of the liquid around the plug 22. When the bottle is again restored to its upright position, the weight 25 will slide downward on the rod 26 and operate to insure the return of the plug 22 to its lower sealing position. The frame 28, connected with the weight 25, prevents the contact of said weight with the inner surfaces of the bottle and also maintains said weight and rod 26 in a substantially central position in line with the bottleneck.
Any attempt to refill the bottle will be frustrated by means of the plug 22, since any pressure applied above the plug 22 will drive said plug to its lower position, in which it will seal the bottle-neck, and under such condition the gasket 24, arranged in the manner described, will form a very effectual seal, since if it should be attempted to force the liquid into the bottle under pressure a por-,
tion of the liquid would find its way between the upper inner surfaces of the gasket 24 and the adjacent outer surfaces of the stopper or body 23 and cause the upper part of the gasket 24 to expand outward against the inner surfaces of the bottle-neck, thus creating broad contacting surfaces of the gasket with the bottle-neck and effectually closing the latter.
The frame 28, composed of the flexible crossed strips 29, will be introduced downward through the bottle-neck, and this may be accomplished since the said strips 29 are of flexible material and will expand outward after having passed downward below the lower end of the bottle-neck.
The present invention is' not limited in every instance to the special construction of plug 16 shown in Figs. 1 and 2 nor to the employment of the spring 20 as a means for locking said plug in position, since a very important part of the invention is located below said plug 16.
In Figs. 5 and 6 I illustrate a, modified form of the plug 16, this modification being illustrated to indicate that other means than the spring 20 may be employed for locking the plug 16 in position. The plug shown in Figs. 5 and 6 is numbered 31 and corresponds, substantially, with the plug 16 shown in Figs. 1 and 2, with the exception that the plug 31 is provided with an annular groove 32, containing two semicircular pieces 33 33,Which when closed together around and within the annular groove 32 have their outer edges within the vertical plane of the sides of said plug 31 and will not interfere with the introduction of said pluginto the neck of the bottle. After the plug 31 is within the bottle-neck and the bottle has been tilted or jarred to a slight extent the pieces 33 will ride outward from the annular groove 32, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, and enter the annular groove within the bottle-neck, and thereby form the lock for preventing the withdrawal of the plug 31 from the neck of the bottle, said pieces 33 at IIO ' to prevent refilling, said attachment comprising an upper plug secured within the bottleneck and having outflow-passages, and the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said neck below said upper plug and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and the compressible gasket .24 encircling and carried by said body portion, said neck having the downwardly-converging side walls against which said gasket may seal when said plug 22 is in its lower position, and said neck above the lower position for said plug 22 being enlarged to form a chamber through which the liquid may fiow around said plug 22; substantially as set forth.
2. The bottle having in its neck the annular grooveand below said groove the downwardly-converging side walls forming the inverted conical chamber, and the attachment to prevent refilling, said attachment comprising the upper plug having outflow-passages for the liquid and means to engage the walls of said groove for locking said plug in position, combined with the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said chamber and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and compressible gasket 24 encircling and carried by said body portion, said gasket when the plug 22 is in its lower position being adapted to seat against the walls of said chamber; substantially as set forth.
3. The bottle having in its neck the downwardly-converging side walls forming the inverted conical chamber, and the attachment to prevent refilling, said attachment comprising the upper plug having outflow-passages, and the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said chamber and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and the compressible gasket 24 encircling and carried by said body portion said gasket being secured at its lower edges in close contact with said body portion and thence flaring upwardly and outwardly therefrom and being adapted when the plug 22 is in its lower position to seal against said walls; substantially as set forth.
4. The bottle having in its neck the annular groove and below said groove the downwardly-converging side walls forming the inverted conical chamber, and the attachment for preventing refilling, said attachment comprising the upper plug having outflow-passages for the liquid and the transverse spring to move outward into said groove for locking said plug in position, combined with the lower plug 22 disposed and movable within said chamber and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and encircling compressible gasket 24, the latter when the plug 22 is in its lower position, being adapted to seat against the walls of said chamber and when said plug is in its outer position, permitting the outflow of the liquid around the plug; substantially as set forth.
5. The bottle having in its neck the downwardly and inwardly converging walls forming the inverted conical chamber, and the attachment for preventing refilling, said attacl1= ment comprising an upper plug secured within the bottle-neck and having outflow-passages, the lower plug 22 movable within said chamber and comprising the buoyant body portion 23 and the compressible gasket 24 encircling and carried by said body portion and adapted when the plug 22 is in its lower position to seal against said walls, the rod connected with said lower plug and extending downward therefrom the weight suspended within the body of the bottle by and free to slide on said rod, and the horizontal open frame secured to and movable with said weight and adapted to move outward into contact with the upper portion of the body of the bottle when the latter is inverted; substantially as set forth.
Signed at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, this 15th day of July, A. D. 1901.
' FREDERIO A. MORLEY.
Witnesses:
CHAS. C. GILL, GUNDER GUNDERSON.
US11774701A 1901-07-17 1901-07-17 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US723004A (en)

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