US720896A - Card-cutting machine. - Google Patents

Card-cutting machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US720896A
US720896A US1902110580A US720896A US 720896 A US720896 A US 720896A US 1902110580 A US1902110580 A US 1902110580A US 720896 A US720896 A US 720896A
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United States
Prior art keywords
plate
card
cutters
knives
plates
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
James Cornelius
John S Eubank
Original Assignee
James Cornelius
John S Eubank
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by James Cornelius, John S Eubank filed Critical James Cornelius
Priority to US1902110580 priority Critical patent/US720896A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US720896A publication Critical patent/US720896A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D31/00Shearing machines or shearing devices covered by none or more than one of the groups B23D15/00 - B23D29/00; Combinations of shearing machines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/748With work immobilizer
    • Y10T83/7593Work-stop abutment
    • Y10T83/7647Adjustable
    • Y10T83/7653Having curved cutting edge to make arcuate cut, plural nonaligned intersecting cutting edges, or spaced punches
    • Y10T83/766Spaced edges
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/808Two tool pairs, driver for one pair moves relative to driver for other pair
    • Y10T83/822Punch and shear
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8798With simple oscillating motion only
    • Y10T83/8799Plural tool pairs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8798With simple oscillating motion only
    • Y10T83/8799Plural tool pairs
    • Y10T83/8801Plural tools on single oscillating arm [i.e., tool holder]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8798With simple oscillating motion only
    • Y10T83/8812Cutting edge in radial plane
    • Y10T83/8814Adjustable

Description

No. 720,896. 'PATENTED'FEB. 17, 1903 r J. GORNELI'US & J. s. EUBANK.

mum CUTTING MACHINE.

APPLIOATION FILED JUNE 7, 1902.

no fionnn. 4 sums-sum 1.

m vsurom ITNESSES: mlf wmm ix ATTORNEY v V m: NORRIS PETERS go. momma, wAsHmoTOn, ac.

' N0. 720,896. PATENTED FEB;1.7,1903.

J. CORNELIUS & J. S. EUB ANK.

CARD CUTTING MACHINE.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 7, 1902.

30 MODEL. '4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

Fay

. lwvsurow gm 1W 8y No. 720,896. PATENTED FEB. 1?, 1903. J. CORNELIUS &'J. s. EUBANK. CARD, CUTTING MACHINE.

. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 7, 1902.

H0 MDDEL. 4 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

A TTORNE Y QM RN. QM v .Z :21 1

114: mums mans on mom-Lava. WASHiNGTON. n7 1:.v

No. 720,896. PATENTED FEB. 17, 1903.

J. CORNELIUS & J. S. EUBANK.

(mm) CUTTING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 7, 1902.

N0 MODEL. 4 MEETS-SHEET 4.

INVENTUI'N; I I

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JAMES CORNELIUS, :OF RIDGEWOOD, NEW JERSEY, AND JOHN S. EUBAhlK,

- OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.

CARD-CUTTING MACHINE.

SBEEGIFIGATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 720,896, dated February l 7, 1903.

Application'filed June 1902. Serial No. 110,580. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that we, JAMES CORNELIUS, a resident of Bidgewood, in the county of Bergen and State of New Jersey, and JOHN S. EUBANK, a resident of New York, borough of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, citizens of the United States, have made and invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machines for Cutting Cards, of which the following is a specification.

Our invention relates to an improvement in machines for cutting cards, and more particularly those cards designed to be mounted upon wires or rods and generally known and referred to as index-cards, the object of the same being to provide a machine which shall be simple in construction and operation, cheap to manufacture, and wherein the knives or cutters may be easily and readily removed and others inserted when it is desired to cut cards having difierent outlines or shapes.

With these and other ends in view our invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts, as will be hereinafter fully described, and pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a View in front elevation of our improved machine, the legs or standards for supporting the same being broken away, the movable knives or cutters being shown in their raised positions. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a view in front elevation, showing the movable knives in their lowered positions, the bed-plate being partially cut away to show one of V the lower or stationary knives. Fig. 4: is view taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5 5 of Fig. 1, and Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on the 'line 6 6 of Fig. 1. Fig. 7 is an inverted plan view of one of the movable cutters, and Fig. 8 a detail sectional view showing the manner of securing the lower or stationary cutter to its sliding support. Fig. 9 shows one form of card after being cut.

Referring to the drawings, 12 represents the bed-plate of the machine, consisting, preferably, of the base 13 and the vertical sides 14, between which latter fit the adjustable knives or cutters, hereinafter referred to, the sliding support for said cutters resting upon the shoulders 15, formed on said bed-plate, as illustrated in Figsyl and t of the drawings. This bed-plate at about the center of its length is extended rearwardly, as shown at 16, and is preferably supported by the legs or standards 17, secured to the outer ends, as shownin Fig. 1, and the leg or standard 18, secured to the rear end of the plate 16, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 5, said legs or standards being of any desired pattern and of any suitable height, a shelf or platform 19 being bolted or otherwise secured to the front of the bed-plate for convenience of the operator and upon which'to lay 6r pile the cards or blanks before and after being cut.

Upon the bed-plate 12'of the machine are supported the two pairs of knives or cutters.

consisting of the upper or movable knives 20 and the lower'or stationary knives or cutters 21, each pair being secured to a horizontal adjustable support 22, consisting of the plate 23, having formed on its outer ends'the upwardly extending arms or lugs 24,-between .which is pivoted the outer end of the arm 25, carrying the cutter 20, the latter being secured to its arm 25 by means of the screws 26, Figs. 2 and 7. These cutters'20, located on and adapted inconuection with the lower or stationary cutters 21 to shape the upper or top edge of the card under operation, have their cutting edges so formed as to give to said upper edge of the card its proper outlineas, for instance, those illustrated in the drawings are intended to shape the upper edge of the card, as illustrated in Fig. 9. It will be understood, however, that our invention is in no wise limited to the cutters for forming the cards having the outline shown, as the same maybe formed of any desired shape whereby to cut the cards having suitable outline or contouras, for instance, the enlargement A on the card 0 may be longer or shorter or of greater or less height.

In the bottom of the bed-plate 13 is formed the elongated slot or opening 27, through which pass the screws 28, the latter entering 8o opposite sides of the center of the machine the plates 23 and holding the same, with the cutting-knives,in their proper adjustment toward or away from the center of the machine.

As illustrated in the several figures of the drawings, the central portion of the plate 23 is recessed to accommodate the lower or stationary knives 21, which are held in place by means of the screws 29, Fig. 8, passing horizontally through the plate 23 into the same and also by the screws 30 passing up through the plate 23 into the-under side of the knives 21. By means of this construction and arrangement of parts it will be understood that the knife-supporting plates 22 may each be horizontally adjusted on the bed-plate toward or away from the center of the machine and secured in theirproper positions by means of the bolts or screws 28.

To the rearwardly-extending plate 16 of the bed-plate is adjustably secured, by means of the bolts 31 or otherwise, the vertical guideplate 32, provided with a base 33 and with the strengthening web or flange 34, the vertical edges of said plate being provided with the flanges 35, having secured thereto the plates 36. Between the flanges 35 is contained the vertical sliding plate 37, held in proper position by said plates 36, and in which plate 37 are formed elongated slots 38 to receive the inner free ends of the screws 39, passing through and threaded into the inner or adjacent ends of the arms 25, carrying the cutters or knives 20. From the foregoing it will be understood that when the plate 37 is raised and lowered the inner or adjacent ends of the arms 25 will be correspondingly raised or lowered, thereby effecting, in conjunction with the lower or stationary knives 21, a shearing cut, the elongated slots or openings 38 in the sliding plate 37 allowing of the adjustment of said arms 25 carrying the knives 20 toward or away from each other.

For the purpose of vertically moving the sliding plate 37 we pivot thereto the lower end of the connecting-rod 40, the upper end of the latter being adjustably and eccentrically secured to the wheel 41, the latter in turn being secured to the outer end of the shaft 42,

carrying the belt-pulley 43, through which a revolving motion is imparted .to said shaft. This shaft is preferably mounted in bearings 44, formed on or secured to the upper end of the bracket or standard 45, the latter being provided with a base-plate 46, secured to the plate 16 of the bed-plate, and with the strength ening-web 47. To the opposite end of the shaft 42 is secured the clutch 48, of any approved construction and operated by means.

of the treadle 49, Fig. 2, and the pitman or rod 50 connected thereto, the clutch being returned to its inoperative position by means 7 of the spring 51, connected at its lower end to the frame of the machine and at its upper end to the clutch-lever 52 in the usual manner.

To provide for the forward adjustment of the cutters 20 or the adjustment of the cutting edges 75 thereof with respect to the cuttingedges76 of the lower or stationary knives, we secure to the rearwardly-extending plate 16 of the bed-plate and between the edges of the plates 33 and 46 the wedge-shaped adjustingplates 77, provided with elongated slots 78, through which pass screws 79 into said plate 16. By forcing inwardly these plates 77 the guide plates 32 33 are carried forward toward the front of the machine, and as the cutter-arms 25 bear against the front faces of the flanges 35 these arms, with their cutters 20, are also carried forward, bringing the cutting edges 75 closer to the cutting edges 76 of the lower or stationary cutters 21. By forcing said plates 77 outwardly the guideplates 32 may be adjusted rearwardly and to such an extent that the cutting edges of the several knives may be properly adjusted with respect to each other, the screws 79 holding or looking said plates 77 in their proper positions.

For the purpose of forming a hole or holes in the card for mounting the same upon a rod or wire we secure to the bed-plate 12 and between the vertical sides 14 thereof a punching device consisting of a base or block 53 of such size as to rest upon the shoulders 15 and provided with a vertical opening 54 for the egress of the punched-out portions of the card. This block or base 53 is provided with the curved arm or bracket 55, having formed on its end the box orreceptacle 56, through which passes the punch proper, 58, having formed thereon.the circular flange or shoulder 59, and around which punch is coiled a spring 57, contained within said box or receptacle 56, the lower end of said spring resting upon the bottom of said box or recep tacle and the upper end against the shoulder or flange 59, the several parts being held in their proper positions by means of the lid or cover 60, screwed or otherwise secured to the upper edge of the box. The location of this punching device on the bed-plate is determined by the position or location of the hole to be punched in the enlargement A of the card 0, as in some instances the hole is formed in one corner or the other of the enlargement A, or, as illustrated in the drawin gs, in the center of the enlargement. Again, the shape of the openifig 54 in the base 53 and the shape of the punch proper, 58, will be determined by the shape of the hole desired to be punched in the enlargement A, that illustrated in the drawings being round or circular. It will be understood, however, that this hole or opening may be formed of any desired shape and size, and in some instances may be omitted altogether. In the latter case the punching device may be readily removed by loosening the screw 61, which passes through one of the vertical sides 14 of the bed-plate and impinges against the front side of the base or block 53, tightly holding the latter against the opposite vertical side 14 of the bed-plate. For operating the punch we secure to the sliding plate 372. plate 62, having formed integral therewith the horizontal arm 63, this plate 62 63 being so located that when the slidingplate 37 is lowered, as heretofore described, for operating the cutting-knives the horizontal arm 63 will strike the upper end of the punch proper, 58, forcing the same downwardly, and, enacting with the upper edge of the opening 54 in the base 53, will cut or punch the opening B in the enlargement A. When the plate 37 is raised, the punch proper will be released and returned to its normal position by means of the spring 57.

To assist the operator in properly placing Within the machine the card or blank to be cut, we form in one of the plates 22 and near the forward edge of the latter a series of holes or openings 64 to receive the thumb-screw 65, adapted to hold in position a guide-plate consisting of the horizontal plate 66, provided with the elongated slot 67, through which said thumb-screw passes, and the vertical plate 68, against which latter one edge of the card is placed while being out, said guide-plate being thus adapted to be laterally adjusted to properly locate the card in such direction. To each of the plates 22 are also adj ustably secured the vertical stops or guides 69, each formed with the horizontal arms 70, adapted to fit into recesses 71, formed in said plates 22, said plates 70 being provided with elongated slots 72, through which pass the thumbscrews 73 into the said plates 22, whereby said stops or guide-plates 69 may be adjusted toward or away from the front of the machine, the arms 25 and cutters being re cessed or hollowed out, as shown at 74 in Fig. 7, to prevent interfering with said stops or guides. By adjusting these guide'plates rearwardly it Will be understood that the card or blank is allowed to be further inserted within the machine, thereby increasing the height of the enlargement A on the cut card, and by adjusting said stops or guides 69 toward the front of the machine, or, in other words, toward the cutting edges of the knives, the height of the enlargement A on the card will be decreased.

After the several parts of the machine have been properly adjusted, as hereinbefore described, motion is transmitted through the pulley 43 to the shaft 42 by depressing the treadle 49, and thereby drawing into operation the clutch 48. As the shaft 42 rotates the sliding plate 37 is raised, carrying with it the-inner ends of the arms with their attached cutters or knives 20. The operator then inserts a card or blank having straight sides or edges, one edge being placed against the guide 68 and another-that is, the edge to be cutagainst the steps or guides 69. As the shaft 42 is rotated the plate 37 is carried downwardly and with it the cutters 20, the edges 75 of which, acting or cobperating with the edges 76 of the lower or stationary knives, shear or cut the edge of thecard, the finished outline thereof depending, of course, upon the shape or outline of the cutters, as before described. Simultaneously with the lowering of the knives or cutters 20 the punch proper, 58, is forced downwardly through the card, forming a hole or opening B therein. The card is then removed, and as the knives or cutters are again raised another card is inserted and the operation repeated.

From the foregoing description it will be seen that our invention is exceedingly simple, the proper shape or outline being given to the card at one operation and, if necessary, a hole or holes punched therein simultaneously with the cutting operation. The parts are easily and readily adjusted to their proper positions, and when desired to substitute different knives or cutters itis necessary only to withdraw the screws 39 and 28, whereupon both the upper and lower cutters maybe removed with their attached parts and others placed in position.

Having fully described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by'Letters Patent, is-

1. In a card-cutting machine, the combination with a bed-plate, of two independent plates secured to said bed-plate and adj ustable thereon to ward or away from each other, stationary knives secured to said independent plates, movable knives or cutters pivoted at their outer ends to said independent plates, and means connected with the inner or adj ustable ends of said movable knives whereby the same are raised and lowered, substantially as described.

2. In a card-cutting machine, the combination with a bed-plate, of independent knife plates or carriers connected with and movable on said bed-plate, and adjustable toward and away from each other, stationary knives secured to said independent plates, arms pivoted at their out-er ends to said adjustable plates and carrying the upper or movable knives, a slotted sliding plate to which the inner ends of said arms are adjustably secured, and means secured to said sliding plate whereby a verti(rally-reciprocating motion is imparted thereto and to the inner ends of said knife-carrying arms, substantially as de by operating said arms and cutters, substantially as described.

4. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a bed-plate, of plates 22 adj ustably secured to said bed-plate, stationary knives secured to said plates 22, arms 25 pivoted at their outer ends to said plates 22 and provided with cutters 20, an adjustable guide-plate 32 secured to the bed-plate, the sliding plate 37 engaging with the inner ends of said arms 25, and means for raising and lowering said sliding plate whereby the inner ends of said arms 25 and attached cutters are operated, substantially as described.

5. In a machine of the character described, the combination with a bed-plate,of stationary and movable cutters indirectly mounted on tan, county of New York, and State of New York, this 4th day of June, 1902.

JAMES CORNELIUS. JOHN S. EUBANK. Witnesses:

M. VAN NORTWIOK, LYMAN L. SETTEL.

US1902110580 1902-06-07 1902-06-07 Card-cutting machine. Expired - Lifetime US720896A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2543219A (en) * 1948-04-13 1951-02-27 Art Metal Construction Co Cutting attachment for printing presses
US2675074A (en) * 1950-06-28 1954-04-13 Otis B Surber Sewing machine fringe forming attachment
US2860684A (en) * 1954-11-26 1958-11-18 Palouian Haig Adjustable die
US2998740A (en) * 1955-09-14 1961-09-05 Intercompany Corp Punching and notching device and lever operated drive means therefor
US5347699A (en) * 1992-12-11 1994-09-20 Abb Power T&D Company Inc. Partial cut shearing device
US20130223912A1 (en) * 2012-02-27 2013-08-29 Star Micronics Co., Ltd. Printer and cutter apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2543219A (en) * 1948-04-13 1951-02-27 Art Metal Construction Co Cutting attachment for printing presses
US2675074A (en) * 1950-06-28 1954-04-13 Otis B Surber Sewing machine fringe forming attachment
US2860684A (en) * 1954-11-26 1958-11-18 Palouian Haig Adjustable die
US2998740A (en) * 1955-09-14 1961-09-05 Intercompany Corp Punching and notching device and lever operated drive means therefor
US5347699A (en) * 1992-12-11 1994-09-20 Abb Power T&D Company Inc. Partial cut shearing device
US20130223912A1 (en) * 2012-02-27 2013-08-29 Star Micronics Co., Ltd. Printer and cutter apparatus
US8888389B2 (en) * 2012-02-27 2014-11-18 Star Micronics Co., Ltd. Printer and cutter apparatus

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