US719378A - Floor and ceiling construction. - Google Patents

Floor and ceiling construction. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US719378A
US719378A US9257702A US1902092577A US719378A US 719378 A US719378 A US 719378A US 9257702 A US9257702 A US 9257702A US 1902092577 A US1902092577 A US 1902092577A US 719378 A US719378 A US 719378A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pieces
construction
arched
extending
floor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US9257702A
Inventor
Jacob Schratwieser
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SCHRATWIESER FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION Co
Original Assignee
SCHRATWIESER FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SCHRATWIESER FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION Co filed Critical SCHRATWIESER FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION Co
Priority to US9257702A priority Critical patent/US719378A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US719378A publication Critical patent/US719378A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/17Floor structures partly formed in situ
    • E04B5/23Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly or partly prefabricated
    • E04B5/29Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly or partly prefabricated the prefabricated parts of the beams consisting wholly of metal

Description

No. 719,378. PATENTED JAN. 27, 1903.
J. SGHRATWIESER. FLOOR AND CEILING CONSTRUCTION.
APPLICATION FILED P33. 4, 1902. N0 MODEL. 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
No. 719,3'78. PATENTED JAN. 27,1903. J. SCHRATWIESER. I FLOOR AND CEILING CONSTRUCTION.
APPLICATION FILED THE. 4, 1902. N0 MODEL. 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
INVENTUR.
NITFD STATES JACOB SCHRATWIESER, OF BROOKLYN, NEIV YORK, ASSIGNOR TO SCHRAT- IVIESER FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION COMPANY, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
FLOOR AND CEILING CONSTRUCTION.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 719,378, dated January 27, 1903.
Application filed February 4., 1902. Serial No. 92,577. (No model.)
mediate the joists or I-beams forming the.
main frame for supporting said floors and i ceilings. Its objects are,among others, to provide a more simple, inexpensive, and durable construction of this character and one which will require a comparatively small amount of labor in its application; and to this end it consists of the combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
In the said drawings, Figure l is a vertical section parallel with the I-beams of a con- 2 5 struction embodying myimprovements. Fig. 2 is a transverse section of the same, and Figs. 3, 4, and 5 are like views of certain modified parts. Fig. 6 is a plan view of the construction shown in Fig. 1.
The cross-pieces C are preferably made of strips of metal of comparatively small thickness and are in my preferred construction arched, extending from flange to flange of the I-beams A, having a mortise on their under sides at the ends which rest upon the said flanges of the beams and their said ends turned parallel therewith. These cross-pieces O are in turn connected by arched pieces D, running at substantially right angles thereto and parallel with the I-beams. The pieces D are preferably made of rods and have their ends secured to the cross-pieces C by passing through the perforations c. In my preferred construction the strips D are curved on grad- 5 ually-increasing radii from thecenter of the cross-pieces O to the beams, the lengths of the strips being reduced to suit the curve, as in dicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2. In Fig. 4
these pieces are all of equal length and curve,
same curve as the cross-pieces C. In Fig. 5 they are lengthened as they near the beam and given a greater curve, so that the top of the cross-arch is level. By the use of this construction a double arch is obtained-viz., the one from beam to beam, supported by the cross-pieces C, and the one from cross-piece to cross-piece, supported by the strips or rods Dand in this manner a structure of the greatest strength is obtained.
Upon the cross-pieces O and intermediate strips D is spread a sheet F, of burlap, canvas, or netting or some other flexible mate rial, in place of the sheet-metal lath usually applied to such structures. This is held in place by the rods E, passing over the upper edges of the cross-pieces C and secured thereto at either end by the tie-Wires E or other suitable means of attachment.
The ceiling is hung by the means of the angle-pieces B, having perforations b, through which rods may be passed to hang the ceiling. These angle-pieces B are also secured to the ends of the cross-pieces O by means of eyelets or tie-wires 13*, as shown in Fig. 2, or they may be secured thereto by having perforations in the upright portion thereof, through which the ends of said cross-pieces pass, as shown in Fig. 3, and in this construction the flange of the angle-pieces which rests upon the beam may be dispensed with, the ends of the cross-pieces serving in this instance the same purpose.
I have found that while the sheet-metal lath possesses when first applied to the construction of floors and ceilings a considerable weight-resisting strength its life as a material factor in the structure is exceedingly limited, owing to the fact that it is soon rendered worthless by the process of oxidation, which is greatly accelerated by the action of moisture and the substances usually employed in making up the filling which rests upon it. There is also another objection to the lath-namely, that being of considerable 5 stiffness it does not conform to the contours of the parts upon which it is spread, and thus prevents the concrete from being formed giving the uppersurface of the cross-arch the 50 closely over these parts, so that when the lath has decayed and lost its serviceability there is practically a space left between the concrete or filling and the parts beneath the lath, which greatly weakens the structure and sometimes causes it to crack and settle.
By the use of canvas, burlap, or other flexible material the concrete is sufficiently supported until it has an opportunity to set and at the same time is allowed to form closely over the main parts of the structure, filling in the interstices and irregularities thereof and firmly uniting the Whole into one common mass. After this has taken place, and especially with my improved double-arch construction, a strong and durable floor and ceiling supporting structure is assured.
What I claim is 1. The combination of cross-pieces extending from flange to flange, of the beams and connecting-strips extending transversely of said cross-pieces and a layer of flexible nonmetallic material,spread u pon the cross-pieces and connecting-strips and conformed to the upper surfaces thereof.
2. The combination with the I-beams and a suitable filling between the same, of crosspieces extending from beam to beam, alayer of flexible material spread upon said crosspieces and supporting the said filling, and binding-strips, and tie-wires connecting said cross-pieces and strips through the said layer.
3. The combination of intermediate construction comprising cross-pieces extending from beam to beam, ends of said cross-pieces turned at an angle thereto, a concrete filling between the beams and hangers supported by said intermediate construction by having the ends of said cross-pieces passed therethrough.
4. The combination of arched cross-pieces extending from beam to beam and supported thereby and arched connecting pieces extending from cross-piece to cross-piece.
5. The combination of arched cross-pieces extending from beam to beam andsupported thereby, arched connecting-pieces extending from cross-piece to cross-piece and secured to said cross-pieces by having their ends passed through perforations therein.
6. The combination of cross-pieces extending from beam to beam and arched connecting-pieces extending from cross-piece to crosspiece, the said connecting-pieces having a curve of smaller radius at the center of said cross-pieces than at the sides.
7. The combination of arched cross-pieces extending from beam to beam and arched connecting-pieces extending from cross-piece to cross-piece, the said con necting-pieces having a curve of smaller radius at the center of said arched cross-pieces than at the sides.
8. The combination of arched cross-pieces extending from beam to beam, arched connecting-pieces extending from cross-piece to cross-piece, a layer of flexible material spread upon the said cross-pieces and connectingpieces, and a filling supported thereon.
9. The combination of arched cross-pieces extending from beam to beam, arched strips or rods connecting the said cross-pieces and a filling supported thereon.
Witness my hand, this 27th day of January, 1902, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JACOB SOHRATWIESER.
WVitnesses:
HERMAN MEYER, ERNEST H. BoYcE.
US9257702A 1902-02-04 1902-02-04 Floor and ceiling construction. Expired - Lifetime US719378A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US9257702A US719378A (en) 1902-02-04 1902-02-04 Floor and ceiling construction.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US9257702A US719378A (en) 1902-02-04 1902-02-04 Floor and ceiling construction.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US719378A true US719378A (en) 1903-01-27

Family

ID=2787894

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US9257702A Expired - Lifetime US719378A (en) 1902-02-04 1902-02-04 Floor and ceiling construction.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US719378A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US719378A (en) Floor and ceiling construction.
US661832A (en) Fireproof flooring.
US679430A (en) Floor and ceiling construction.
US706348A (en) Fireproof partition structure.
US644913A (en) Fireproof construction.
US596010A (en) Construction of walls
US539394A (en) Niels poulson
US577598A (en) Fireproof construction
US675487A (en) Fireproof construction and hanger therefor.
US830494A (en) Building construction.
US946987A (en) Metal reinforcement for metal-reinforcement concrete floors, &c.
US719379A (en) Floor and ceiling construction.
US671596A (en) Fireproof construction.
US693429A (en) Fireproof construction.
US529724A (en) golding
US690621A (en) Floor and ceiling construction.
US706347A (en) Fireproof floor construction.
US644914A (en) Fireproof construction.
US904535A (en) Fireproof structure.
US665377A (en) Fireproof flooring and metal ceiling.
US999286A (en) Composite floor construction.
US714047A (en) Fireproof floor.
US582307A (en) William orr
US676802A (en) Method of and means for constructing fire-resisting and ventilating floors and ceilings.
US1101767A (en) Reinforced-concrete floor construction.