US703323A - Fountain-pen. - Google Patents

Fountain-pen. Download PDF


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US703323A US7641901A US1901076419A US703323A US 703323 A US703323 A US 703323A US 7641901 A US7641901 A US 7641901A US 1901076419 A US1901076419 A US 1901076419A US 703323 A US703323 A US 703323A
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Osborne Wall
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Robert Clinton Hughes
Osborne Wall
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    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/18Arrangements for feeding the ink to the nibs


No. 703,323. Patented lune 24, |902.
0. WALL.
[Application led Sept. 24. 1901.)
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N o. 703,323, dated J' une 24, 1902.
Application led September 24,1901. Serial No.76,419. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, OSBORNE WALL, a subject of the King of Great Britain and Ireland, and a resident of Devon street, in the town of New Plymouth, in the Provincial District of Taranaki, in the Colony of New Zealand,have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fountain-Pens; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
The object of this invention is to provide an improved fountain-pen of simple and effective construction to which any ordinary writing-nib can be easily fitted when required, from which there is no leakage, and which is always ready for instant use.
The novelty of my invention consists in the employment of a feed-tube, curved downward and upward, attached to aholder 0r reservoir and containing a controlling-conductor composed of interwoven strands of hair which emerge from the feed-tube through an exit-hole and are fixed in the point ofa feedbar extension of the feed-tube, so that when an ordinary penholder and nib are fitted over the feed-tube the ink flows through the latter to the nibin a regulated dow when the pen 1s 1n use.
Referring to the drawings herewith, Figure 1 represents a perspective View of my invention Fig. 2, a sectional View of reservoir, feed-tube, and controlling-conductor; Fig. 3, a side View of feed-tube and controlling-conductor; Fig. 4, a plan View of same.
I provide first a holder' and reservoir constructed of any suitable non-corrosive material, preferably brass, as shown at A, at the bottom of which is screwed, by means of a taper screw, the feed-tube B, slightly curved downward and upward, as shown at B3. The
channel of the feed-tube terminates at the exit-hole B, and the remainder of the feedtube beyond the exit-hole is solid to form a feed-bar B2, whose upper face is flat and its outer end split,while the feed-d uct in the tube is of comparatively small but uniform crosssectional area throughout. I then provide the hair conductor C, which passes through the feed-tube B, one end projecting loosely into the reservoir A a little beyond the junction of the latter with the feed-tube B and the other end passing through the exit-hole B. The end of the feed-barB2 is split or cleft, as shown, to allow the end of the hair conductor to be inserted. The cleft ends of the feedbar are then pinched together, thus fixing the conductor securely. This hair conductor is composed of a suitable number of strands of hair, preferably horsehair. The strands are suitably interlaced by plaiting. I have used five horsehairs plaited three ply. Before being passed through the feed-tube B the hair conductor should be knotted at both ends to preserve the plaiting, the knot beyond the point of the feed-bar being cut olf after the conductor has been pinched and fitted into the split or cleft of the feed-bar. Any ordinary penholder D and nib E may be employed in my fountain-pen by simply sliding the penholder over the feed-tube B in such manner that the inside surface of the nib comes into contact with and exerts a slight pressure upon the hair conductor O, and the nib can be readily changed when required. The pen is supplied with ink from the reservoir. A point-protector maybe provided to t over the nib and prevent its injury when the pen is being carried about.
The operation of my invention is as follows: The ink iiows from the reservoir A through the feed-tube B to the exit-hole B' and thence by means of conductor O over feed-bar B2 to the nib. The flow of ink to the nib is caused mainly by the capillary action of the conductor aided by the vibration of the nib, by the sloping position of the pen, and by the motion of the pen in the act of writing. The reverse flow of ink into the reservoir is due mainly to air-pressure, partly to reversed capillary action of conductor induced by changed position of the pen, and partly to cessation of vibration of nib and motion of pen. It is important that-.the conductor C should extend right through the feed-tube B and project into the reservoir A,
the exit-hole B, as shown.
because the ink is more readily conducted to the nib preparatory to use, and the unused ink on the feed-bar B2 and in the feed-tube B will more readily return into the reservoir.
An important feature of my invention is the curve of the feed-tube B, terminating at rlhis curve prevents capillary action between the feed-tube and the nib and penholder'at rear of.feed bar, thus preventing accumulation of ink around the pen and consequent soiling of fingers. This result is assisted by the fact that the only means of outflow of the ink from the reservoir is through exit-hole B', whence it is delivered only to the inner surface of the nib. If the feed-'tube B were straight, the ink would flow back along it and along the pen and penholder and soil the writers fingers, while the curve or bend also destroys capillary action or interrupts it between the pen and that part of the feed-tube at the rear of the feed-bar. For example, if the pen after writing were held pen upward and the bend were absent the ink from the feed-bar would flow down along the feedtube and penholder and soil the latter. By forming the bend inthe feed-tube the atmospheric pressure at the rear of the feed-bar extension-namely, at the outlet-port B-con lines the ink to the point of contact between the nib and feed-bar, prevents too free a flow of ink, and thus insures cleanliness. I have found also that a hair conductor is most efcient for the purposes to which it is applied, as it is a better conductor of ink than any other medium, and,further, it has the quality of springiuess, which insures that part of the conductor on the feed-bar being always in contact with and so feeding the nib when the pen is in use. The conductor should be cleaned from greasiness after plaiting and before placing it in position. It is also desirable to plait the hairandinsert itin the feedtube in such manner that the coarser or root ends of the hair shall be in the reservoir and the finer ends of the hair shall extend to the point of thefeed-bar. It may be observed that the length and width of the feed-bar, coupled with the corresponding length of the conductor on the feed-bar, regulates the flow of ink, the flow being increased or decreased,
^ respectively, by the lengthening or shortening of the feed-bar and conductor.
Any suitable penholder adapted to be slipped onto the feed-tube and any suitable pen may bensed. In practice I prefer, however, to use a pen without an opening at the rear end of the split nib, so that no ink can reach the upper face of the pen. The penholder may be of the Well-known double-tube type, the outertube beingsplit, so as to firmly clamp it to the feed-tube.
Having now described my invention, what -the ink-font, of a feedtube having the curved portion B3,having a substantially Ilat,'straight feed-bar extension B2, a feed-duct of uniform diameter in said feed-tube and non-absorbent' means for conducting ink from the feed-duct tothe feed-bar extension, whereby ink is delivered to the end of the pen and the ink prevented from creeping rearward along the pen, substantially as set forth.
2. A fountain-pen comprising a pen, an ink-font, a feed-tube having the curved portion B3, a solid feed-bar extension B2, a feedduct in said tube and terminating in the extension and of uniform sectional area through-- out, and a non-absorbent ink-conductor in said feed-duct secured at one end to the feedbar extension and its opposite end extending into the font, that portion of said conductor within the feed-bar extension adapted to lie against the under side of the pen at the point of ink-supply, substantially as set forth.
3. A fountain-pen comprising an ink-font a rigid feed-bar having a bent or concaveconvex portion intermediate of its ends and provided with a feed-duct having its outlet on the upper face near the outer end of said bar, an ink-conductor composed of a braid of horsehair extending from near the outer end of the feed-bar through the duct into the font, and means for holding a pen in said outer end of the bar, for the purpose set forth.
4. A fountain-pen, comprising an ink-reservoir, a feed-bar having its outer end split longitudinally, said bar provided with an undulating feed-duct having its discharge on the upper face near the outer end of said bar, a lilamentous ink conductor extending through the duct into the reservoir and having its outer end securedin the split end of the bar, and means for holding a pen on the outer end of the bar, for the purpose set forth.
5. The combination with the feed-bar of a fountain-pen, of an ink-conductor consisting of a braid of horsehair, for the purpose set forth.
G. The combination with a fountain-pen, of a feed-bar having an undulating feed-duct therein with its outlet on the upper face near the outer end of the bar, and an ink-conductor consisting of a braid of horsehair secured to the outer end of the bar and extending through the feed-duct thereof, for the purpose set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have hereunto signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
lVitnesses: l
US7641901A 1901-09-24 1901-09-24 Fountain-pen. Expired - Lifetime US703323A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2642043A (en) * 1950-07-07 1953-06-16 Miessner Inventions Inc Fountain pen

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2642043A (en) * 1950-07-07 1953-06-16 Miessner Inventions Inc Fountain pen

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