US702789A - Dilator. - Google Patents

Dilator. Download PDF

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Publication number
US702789A
US702789A US9910602A US1902099106A US702789A US 702789 A US702789 A US 702789A US 9910602 A US9910602 A US 9910602A US 1902099106 A US1902099106 A US 1902099106A US 702789 A US702789 A US 702789A
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Prior art keywords
tube
dilator
end
plunger
forward end
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Expired - Lifetime
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US9910602A
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Charles Gordon Gibson
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Charles Gordon Gibson
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Priority to US9910602A priority Critical patent/US702789A/en
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Publication of US702789A publication Critical patent/US702789A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/95Instruments specially adapted for placement or removal of stents or stent-grafts
    • A61F2/958Inflatable balloons for placing stents or stent-grafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/42Gynaecological or obstetrical instruments or methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M29/00Dilators with or without means for introducing media, e.g. remedies
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00743Type of operation; Specification of treatment sites
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00743Type of operation; Specification of treatment sites
    • A61B2017/00818Treatment of the gastro-intestinal system
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/42Gynaecological or obstetrical instruments or methods
    • A61B2017/4216Operations on uterus, e.g. endometrium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/10Trunk
    • A61M2210/1042Alimentary tract
    • A61M2210/1067Anus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/10Trunk
    • A61M2210/1078Urinary tract
    • A61M2210/1089Urethra
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/14Female reproductive, genital organs
    • A61M2210/1433Uterus

Description

c. a. Glsou.

DILATOB.

(Appliceion am Mayen, 1902.)

(In Model.)

C IEEMEFF A ITOHNE'YS Tan. n. c. THE NORRIS PUERS CO.. PHOTO-LTHOV, WSNIN UNITED STA-,TES-

iPATENT OFFICE.

CHARLESv GORDON GIBSON, OF SIOUX CITY, IOWA.

DILATOR.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 702,789, dated June 17, 1902.

Application tiled March 20, 1902. Serial No. 99,106. (Nomod'el.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, CHARLES GORDON GIB- SON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Sioux City, in the county of Wood- 3 .buryand State of Iowa, have invented a new and Improved Dilator, of which the'following is a full, clear, and exact description.

My invention relates to a surgical instrument adapted for use as a urethral, uterine, or anal dilator, and has for its object to provide a simple construction which may be readily applied, and which will exert pressure without any injurious effect, and which will not be liable to breakage. s

The invention consists in the novel lconstruction and combination ot the several parts, as will be'hereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out -inthe claims.

Reference is to had to the accompanying drawings, formingapart of this specication, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures. Figure lis a longitudinal section of myimproved dilator in its contracted form. Fig. 2 is a similar View, showing the instrument in an expanded condition; and Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3 3 of FigQl.

The instrument comprises a tube A, the walls of which are of uniform thicknessfrom the rear end a to the point a intermediate of its ends; but while the outer surface 'off the tube is constant in diameter throughout its length the walls of the tube are reduced in thickness or are inclined in an outwarddirection from the point a' to the point a2 near the forward end of the tube, and said walls are of uniform thickness, yet thinner thany the other portion of the tube from the point a2 to the forward end a3 of the tube, which end is open. The bore of the tube thus increases in width toward its forward end.

At the outerend of the tube A a handle B is formed or secured', preferably made with eyes or finger-rings B, and the tube A is contained in a thin soft-rubber sheath C, provided with an air-vent c near its forward end, and a solid, curved, or rounded tip c' at its forward end, against which the forward end of the tube A has bearing.

Arod D extends loosely the length of the tube A and out beyond its inner end, being provided with a thread d for a greater portion of its length, which thread is preferably carried .to the outer endoftherod to permit the ready attachment of ahandleD.l The threaded portion of the rodv D is passed through a nut E, adapted to be'manually operated and which bears against the rear end of the tube A.

The tube A has longitudinal slits e extending almost from end to end, forming segmental bars e', (best shown in Fig. 3,) which are capable of being sprung or of bending outward, as is illustrated in Fig. 2, and such expansion of the bars c is brought about through au approximately pear-shaped piston or plunger D2 atthe forward end of the rod D being broughtiinto engagement with the inner surface of the split section of the tube A.

In operation the' instrument, being in the'` contracted form shown in Fig. l, is introduced into the body a proper distance, and then by turning the nut E f the i piston or,l plunger D2 is caused to travelrearward or outward, lexpanding the tube A,as is shown in Fig. 2, and correspondingly dilating the body. It will be observed that in the expanding operation the tube A and sheath C do not move lengthforms a continuous cover for the split tube A.

the edges of the latter. do not come in contact with the body and breakage of the bars e', of which the main portion of the tube is formed, is extremely unlikely. Should it, however,A take place, the sheath will prevent the broken pieces from coming in Contact with and injuring the body.

The instrument is adapted for use as a urethral, uterine, oranal dilator.

Having thus Vdescribed lmy invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. A dilater for surgical purposes, comprising a tube split so as to consist of al plurality of segments or bars,;the bore of the said tube being widened at one end,` a plunger movable lengthwise in the tube and arranged to engage the said widened end of the body of the tube to expand said tube, and an expansible sheath in which the said tube is inclosed'.

2. A dilator for surgical purposes, comprising a tube split so as to consist of a plurality of segments or bars, the bore of the said tube being gradually widened in direction of one end, a plunger movable lengthwise in the tube and arranged to engage said widened end and the body of the tube to expand said tube, a nut held to revolve at the outer end of the tube and engaging a threaded portion of the plunger-rod, and an expansible sheath in which the saidtube is inclosed.

A dilator for surgical purposes, comprising a split tube, a plunger movable lengthwise in the tube and arranged to expand the same, means for actuating the plunger, and an expansible sheath in which the said tube is inclosed. f

4. A dilator for surgical purposes, comprising a split tube having its bore tapered in direction of its forward end, the diameterof the bore of the said tube at its forward end being greater than at any other point throughout its length, a plunger movable lengthwise in the tube and arranged to expand the same, means for actuating the plunger, and an eX- pansible sheath in which the said tube is inclosed. v

5. A dilator for surgical purposes, comprising a split tube, a handle at the outer end of said tube, a nut mounted to turn on the tube adjacent to the handle, a plunger mounted to slide within the tube and adapted to expand the same, said plunger having a screwthreaded rod extending through the nut, and an expansible sheath in which said tube is incased.

In testimony whereof I have signed my naine to this specification in the presence oi' two subscribing witnesses.

CHARLES GORDON GIBSON.

W'itnesses:

JAMES DOUGHTY, THEO. L. THOMPSON.

US9910602A 1902-03-20 1902-03-20 Dilator. Expired - Lifetime US702789A (en)

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Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273131A (en) * 1979-06-18 1981-06-16 Auburn Enterprises, Inc. Surgical stylet
US4907572A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-03-13 Urological Instruments Research, Inc. Vibrational method for accelerating passage of stones from ureter
US5178627A (en) * 1990-04-03 1993-01-12 Harriet Hudock Medical device for use in the treatment of hemorrhoids
US5201756A (en) * 1990-06-20 1993-04-13 Danforth Biomedical, Inc. Radially-expandable tubular elements for use in the construction of medical devices
US5674240A (en) * 1993-02-04 1997-10-07 Peter M. Bonutti Expandable cannula
US5961499A (en) * 1993-02-04 1999-10-05 Peter M. Bonutti Expandable cannula
US6056772A (en) * 1993-02-04 2000-05-02 Bonutti; Peter M. Method and apparatus for positioning a suture anchor
US6338730B1 (en) * 1993-02-04 2002-01-15 Peter M. Bonutti Method of using expandable cannula
US6428556B1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2002-08-06 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Longitudinal dilator and method
US20020192858A1 (en) * 2001-06-19 2002-12-19 Yusuke Igarashi Method for fabricating a circuit device
US20030187461A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2003-10-02 Chin Albert K. Releasable guide and method for endoscopic cardiac lead placement
US20030187460A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2003-10-02 Chin Albert K. Methods and apparatus for endoscopic cardiac surgery
US20040010263A1 (en) * 1998-06-01 2004-01-15 Kyphon Inc. Expandable preformed structures for deployment in interior body regions
US6692462B2 (en) 1999-05-19 2004-02-17 Mackenzie Andrew J. System and method for establishing vascular access
US6706052B1 (en) 1999-08-10 2004-03-16 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Longitudinal dilator and method
US20040102804A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2004-05-27 Chin Albert K. Apparatus and methods for endoscopic surgical procedures
US20040153098A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2004-08-05 Chin Albert K. Apparatus and method for endoscopic cardiac mapping and lead placement
US20040216748A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2004-11-04 Chin Albert K. Apparatus and method for endoscopic encirclement of pulmonary veins for epicardial ablation
US20050203565A1 (en) * 2003-09-19 2005-09-15 Rethy Csaba L. Trocar insertion apparatus
US20050209627A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-09-22 Kick George F Expandable medical access device
US20050245958A1 (en) * 1999-05-19 2005-11-03 Carlson John E System and method for establishing vascular access
US20060229490A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2006-10-12 Chin Albert K Method for cardiac restaint
US20060241695A1 (en) 2000-03-13 2006-10-26 Bonutti Peter M Method of using ultrasonic vibration to secure body tissue with fastening element
US20060287574A1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2006-12-21 Chin Albert K Longitudinal dilator
US7288096B2 (en) 2003-01-17 2007-10-30 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Apparatus for placement of cardiac defibrillator and pacer
US20080065137A1 (en) * 1998-06-01 2008-03-13 Kyphon, Inc. Expandable structures for deployment in interior body regions
US20090024161A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2009-01-22 Bonutti Peter M Methods and devices for utilizing thermal energy to bond, stake and/or remove implants
US7699864B2 (en) 2004-03-18 2010-04-20 Onset Medical Corporation Expandable medical access device
US20100168755A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2010-07-01 Kyphon Sarl Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US20110060375A1 (en) * 2004-10-26 2011-03-10 Bonutti Peter M Expandable introducer system and methods
US8617185B2 (en) 2007-02-13 2013-12-31 P Tech, Llc. Fixation device
US8795326B2 (en) 2007-10-05 2014-08-05 Covidien Lp Expanding seal anchor for single incision surgery
US8808329B2 (en) 1998-02-06 2014-08-19 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Apparatus and method for securing a portion of a body
US8814902B2 (en) 2000-05-03 2014-08-26 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Method of securing body tissue
US8845687B2 (en) 1996-08-19 2014-09-30 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Anchor for securing a suture
US8845699B2 (en) 1999-08-09 2014-09-30 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Method of securing tissue
US9060767B2 (en) 2003-04-30 2015-06-23 P Tech, Llc Tissue fastener and methods for using same
US9089323B2 (en) 2005-02-22 2015-07-28 P Tech, Llc Device and method for securing body tissue
US9138222B2 (en) 2000-03-13 2015-09-22 P Tech, Llc Method and device for securing body tissue
US9149281B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2015-10-06 P Tech, Llc Robotic system for engaging a fastener with body tissue
US9173650B2 (en) 2006-02-07 2015-11-03 P Tech, Llc Methods and devices for trauma welding
US9173647B2 (en) 2004-10-26 2015-11-03 P Tech, Llc Tissue fixation system
US9271766B2 (en) 2004-10-26 2016-03-01 P Tech, Llc Devices and methods for stabilizing tissue and implants
US9439642B2 (en) 2006-02-07 2016-09-13 P Tech, Llc Methods and devices for utilizing bondable materials
US9463012B2 (en) 2004-10-26 2016-10-11 P Tech, Llc Apparatus for guiding and positioning an implant
US9750496B2 (en) 2002-08-27 2017-09-05 P Tech, Llc System for securing a portion of a body
US9770238B2 (en) 2001-12-03 2017-09-26 P Tech, Llc Magnetic positioning apparatus
US9888916B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2018-02-13 P Tech, Llc Method and device for securing body tissue
US10058393B2 (en) 2015-10-21 2018-08-28 P Tech, Llc Systems and methods for navigation and visualization
US10076377B2 (en) 2013-01-05 2018-09-18 P Tech, Llc Fixation systems and methods
US10265128B2 (en) 2016-07-25 2019-04-23 P Tech, Llc Methods of using a robotic spine system

Cited By (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273131A (en) * 1979-06-18 1981-06-16 Auburn Enterprises, Inc. Surgical stylet
US4907572A (en) * 1988-04-14 1990-03-13 Urological Instruments Research, Inc. Vibrational method for accelerating passage of stones from ureter
US5178627A (en) * 1990-04-03 1993-01-12 Harriet Hudock Medical device for use in the treatment of hemorrhoids
US5201756A (en) * 1990-06-20 1993-04-13 Danforth Biomedical, Inc. Radially-expandable tubular elements for use in the construction of medical devices
US5318588A (en) * 1990-06-20 1994-06-07 Danforth Biomedical, Inc. Radially-expandable tubular elements for use in the construction of medical devices
US20080051734A1 (en) * 1993-02-04 2008-02-28 Bonutti Peter M Expandable cannula
US5961499A (en) * 1993-02-04 1999-10-05 Peter M. Bonutti Expandable cannula
US6056772A (en) * 1993-02-04 2000-05-02 Bonutti; Peter M. Method and apparatus for positioning a suture anchor
US6338730B1 (en) * 1993-02-04 2002-01-15 Peter M. Bonutti Method of using expandable cannula
US6364897B1 (en) 1993-02-04 2002-04-02 Peter M. Bonutti Method and apparatus for positioning a suture anchor
US20020087189A1 (en) * 1993-02-04 2002-07-04 Bonutti Peter M. Method and apparatus for positioning a suture anchor
US6613038B2 (en) 1993-02-04 2003-09-02 Bonutti 2003 Trust-A Method of using expandable cannula
US5674240A (en) * 1993-02-04 1997-10-07 Peter M. Bonutti Expandable cannula
US20050240227A1 (en) * 1993-02-04 2005-10-27 Bonutti Peter M Method and apparatus for positioning an anchor member
US6814715B2 (en) 1993-02-04 2004-11-09 Bonutti 2003 Trust A Expandable cannula
US6942684B2 (en) 1993-02-04 2005-09-13 Bonutti Ip, Llc Method and apparatus for positioning an anchor member
US20100168755A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2010-07-01 Kyphon Sarl Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US8845687B2 (en) 1996-08-19 2014-09-30 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Anchor for securing a suture
US8808329B2 (en) 1998-02-06 2014-08-19 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Apparatus and method for securing a portion of a body
US20040010263A1 (en) * 1998-06-01 2004-01-15 Kyphon Inc. Expandable preformed structures for deployment in interior body regions
US7875035B2 (en) 1998-06-01 2011-01-25 Kyphon Sarl Expandable structures for deployment in interior body regions
US20080065137A1 (en) * 1998-06-01 2008-03-13 Kyphon, Inc. Expandable structures for deployment in interior body regions
US6692462B2 (en) 1999-05-19 2004-02-17 Mackenzie Andrew J. System and method for establishing vascular access
US20040093003A1 (en) * 1999-05-19 2004-05-13 Mackenzie Andrew J. System and method for establishing vascular access
US20050245958A1 (en) * 1999-05-19 2005-11-03 Carlson John E System and method for establishing vascular access
US20080243169A1 (en) * 1999-05-19 2008-10-02 Carlson John E System and method for establishing vascular access
US20050245959A1 (en) * 1999-05-19 2005-11-03 Carlson John E System and method for establishing vascular access
US8845699B2 (en) 1999-08-09 2014-09-30 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Method of securing tissue
US7214180B2 (en) 1999-08-10 2007-05-08 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Method for cardiac restraint
US20030187460A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2003-10-02 Chin Albert K. Methods and apparatus for endoscopic cardiac surgery
US20040153098A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2004-08-05 Chin Albert K. Apparatus and method for endoscopic cardiac mapping and lead placement
US20060229490A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2006-10-12 Chin Albert K Method for cardiac restaint
US6706052B1 (en) 1999-08-10 2004-03-16 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Longitudinal dilator and method
US7398781B1 (en) 1999-08-10 2008-07-15 Maquet Cardiovascular, Llc Method for subxiphoid endoscopic access
US20030187461A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2003-10-02 Chin Albert K. Releasable guide and method for endoscopic cardiac lead placement
US7597698B2 (en) 1999-08-10 2009-10-06 Maquet Cardiovascular Llc Apparatus and method for endoscopic encirclement of pulmonary veins for epicardial ablation
US20040102804A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2004-05-27 Chin Albert K. Apparatus and methods for endoscopic surgical procedures
US20040216748A1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2004-11-04 Chin Albert K. Apparatus and method for endoscopic encirclement of pulmonary veins for epicardial ablation
US7526342B2 (en) 1999-08-10 2009-04-28 Maquet Cardiovascular Llc Apparatus for endoscopic cardiac mapping and lead placement
US20060287574A1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2006-12-21 Chin Albert K Longitudinal dilator
US6428556B1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2002-08-06 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Longitudinal dilator and method
US6607547B1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2003-08-19 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Longitudinal dilator and method
US9884451B2 (en) 2000-03-13 2018-02-06 P Tech, Llc Method of using ultrasonic vibration to secure body tissue
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US20060241695A1 (en) 2000-03-13 2006-10-26 Bonutti Peter M Method of using ultrasonic vibration to secure body tissue with fastening element
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US8747439B2 (en) 2000-03-13 2014-06-10 P Tech, Llc Method of using ultrasonic vibration to secure body tissue with fastening element
US8814902B2 (en) 2000-05-03 2014-08-26 Bonutti Skeletal Innovations Llc Method of securing body tissue
US20020192858A1 (en) * 2001-06-19 2002-12-19 Yusuke Igarashi Method for fabricating a circuit device
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US9149281B2 (en) 2002-03-20 2015-10-06 P Tech, Llc Robotic system for engaging a fastener with body tissue
US9750496B2 (en) 2002-08-27 2017-09-05 P Tech, Llc System for securing a portion of a body
US7288096B2 (en) 2003-01-17 2007-10-30 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Apparatus for placement of cardiac defibrillator and pacer
US9060767B2 (en) 2003-04-30 2015-06-23 P Tech, Llc Tissue fastener and methods for using same
US9962162B2 (en) 2003-04-30 2018-05-08 P Tech, Llc Tissue fastener and methods for using same
US20050203565A1 (en) * 2003-09-19 2005-09-15 Rethy Csaba L. Trocar insertion apparatus
US20090131871A1 (en) * 2003-09-19 2009-05-21 Csaba Rethy Trocar insertion apparatus
US7479150B2 (en) 2003-09-19 2009-01-20 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Trocar insertion apparatus
US9888916B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2018-02-13 P Tech, Llc Method and device for securing body tissue
US7699864B2 (en) 2004-03-18 2010-04-20 Onset Medical Corporation Expandable medical access device
US20050209627A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-09-22 Kick George F Expandable medical access device
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US9980761B2 (en) 2004-10-26 2018-05-29 P Tech, Llc Tissue fixation system and method
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US9579129B2 (en) 2004-10-26 2017-02-28 P Tech, Llc Devices and methods for stabilizing tissue and implants
US9226828B2 (en) 2004-10-26 2016-01-05 P Tech, Llc Devices and methods for stabilizing tissue and implants
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