US697787A - Dovetailing-machine. - Google Patents

Dovetailing-machine. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US697787A
US697787A US8804902A US1902088049A US697787A US 697787 A US697787 A US 697787A US 8804902 A US8804902 A US 8804902A US 1902088049 A US1902088049 A US 1902088049A US 697787 A US697787 A US 697787A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
cutters
spindles
frame
blocks
series
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US8804902A
Inventor
John J Blackman
Original Assignee
John J Blackman
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by John J Blackman filed Critical John J Blackman
Priority to US8804902A priority Critical patent/US697787A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US697787A publication Critical patent/US697787A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27FDOVETAILED WORK; TENONS; SLOTTING MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES
    • B27F1/00Dovetailed work; Tenons; Making tongues or grooves; Groove- and- tongue jointed work; Finger- joints
    • B27F1/08Making dovetails, tongues, or tenons, of definite limited length
    • B27F1/12Corner- locking mechanisms, i.e. machines for cutting crenellated joints

Description

Nn. 697,787. Patented Apr. I5, |902. J. J. BLACKMAN.
DOVETAILING MACHINE.
(Application filed Jun. 2, 1902.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Shoal l l4/- Rgj. 5 6/ N0. 697,787. Paiented Apr. l5, |902.
J. J. BLACKMAN.
DOVETAILING MACHINE.
(Application led Jan. 2, 1902.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
1 6 :l l l; 39 e7 3-9 3 i 1 536 J6 l f6 56 l z l 7 r .58
' arten er C artnr JOHN J. BLACKMAN, OF NEW BRITAIN, CONNECTICUT.
DOVETAILING=IVIACHINE.
EEECIFIOATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 697,787, dated April 1.5, 1902.
Application tiled January 2, 1902. Serial No. 88,049. (No model.)
To tu whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN J. BLACKMAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Britain, in the county of Hartford and State of Connecticut, haveinvented certain new- Primarily, the invention is designed for the.
production of blocks employed as surface finishings for floors, ceilings, time., of the kind,`
for instance, like those shown in my patent dated September 17, 1901, No. 683,009, al
though it is not limited to such use.
A further object of theinvention is the provision of sets of cutters for forming recesses of any desired configuration in material, the shapes of these recesses depending upon the configuration of the cutters.
A further object of the invention is the provision of sets of cutters arranged in a peculiar manner, whereby certain cutters will operate upon the material on the movement of said table to form one set of grooves in the material and other cutters will form grooves in similar material, the ribs Vor projections of one block fitting into the grooves or recesses in the other block when the cutters have completed their operations.
Further objects of the invention are the provision of means for holding the material upon the bed or table of themachine,of means for actuating said bed or table, of means for rotating the cutters, of means for adjusting the cutters, and of devices for bearingupou the material and holding it down upon the bed or table while the cutters are acting upon it, all as will be hereinafter set fort-h.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of my improved dovetailing-machine. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof. Fig. 3 is a transverse vertical section on line 3 3 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrow. Fig. 4 is a transverse vertical section of part of the movable bed or table, showing sections of material in place thereon, said sections having been grooved or formed with dovetails by thc cutters of the machine. Fig.
5 is a transverse vertical section taken on line 4 t ot Fig. 1, showing two of the cutter-spindles in position, the presserr011 arrangement, and means whereby the heads carrying the cutter-spindles may be adjusted along the sides of the cross-bar of the machine-frame and may be clamped in position after such adjustment. Fig. 6 is a perspective representation of a form of cutter which may be employed.
Referring to the drawings, the numeral l designates the framework of my improved machine, which framework may be of any desired kind and in the exemplification given is supported upon feet 2 and is composed of side beams or stringers 3, united by cross; bars 4. These side beams are provided with guideways 3', and upon said guideways are secured strips 5, which enter longitudinal grooves in the sides of a work-supporting ta ble 6, as illustrated in Fig. 3. This table is provided with a flange or abutment 7, which extends transversely across one end of the same and may be either formed integral with said table or boltedthereto, as shown, and said flange constitutes an abutment for one end of the work-'for instance, square blocks, which maybe supported thereon. At its ends opposite the flange or abutment 7 the table is provided with a series of movable clamps 8, shown as of angular form, the angular portions of said clamps bearing against the ends of the blocks, and screws 9, working through nuts l0 in short standards of the table, being provided for adjusting said clamps and causing them to force the surface-iinishing blocks or other material longitudinally againstthe flange or abutment 7. As will be observed by reference to Fig. 2, the iiange or abutment 7 and the clamps 8 are located in a recess or depression of the table, so that their topsurfaces will be. below the level of the work andwill not interfere with the action of the cutters employed in forming the dovctail grooves in said work, as hereinafter described. On its under side said table is provided-with a rack l1. Any suitable gearing may be employed for advancing said rack, and I have shown one form of said gearing which works well in practice.
in bearings 12 of one of the cross-bars 4, uniting the side bars 8 of the frame, isa shaft 13,
IOO
Jourualed the frame, and on this shaft 16 is a long pinion 17, in mesh with a gear 18, mounted on a shaft 19, journaled in bearings 2O of the frame,
as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3. This gear 18 is in engagement with the rack 11, and when power is applied to the shaft 13, either manually, by means of the wheel14, or automatically, by any suitable means, if desired, it will be seen that through the arrangement of the gearing described the table will be reciprocated in its ways on the side bars or stringers 3 of the frame. The table is divided into compartments by longitudinal strips 21 and 22, as illustrated in Fig. 4, said strips being secured in place by bolts or other suitable fastenings 23 24, respectively, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 4. Laterally supported by these strips and located on the table between them are the blocks 25 of wood or other material which it is desired to submit to the action of the cutters ot' the machine. A
Rising from frame 1 of the machine are vertical standards 26, and fitted in guideways of these standards is a frame 27, capable of vertical adjustment in said guideways by screws 28, carrying gears 29'at theirupper ends, 'said gears lbeing connected to cause the screws 28 to rotate in unison by gears 30, mounted on the ends of a long shaft 31, supported in suitable bearings 32 of the frame, as illustrated in Fig. 1. lPower may be applied to rotatethese screws, either manually by means of a shaft 33, carrying Aa hand-Wheel 34 and a gear 35, in mesh with one of the gears 29, or, if desired, other means may beemployedfor this purpose. This frame 27 is provided with longitudinal guideways 27' 272, preferably of dovetailV shape, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the
guideway 27 being on one side of the frame and the guideway 27g upon the other side of said frame.
y Fitted upon the front guideway 27 are heads 36, adjustablysecured to said guideway by shixns 37 and screws 38, and each of these heads is provided with an overhanging Varm or bracket 39, perforated at its top to receive the end of acutter-spindle, hereinafter described, and with a bearing 40 for the re- ',fceptionof the inain portion of lsaid spindle.
The spindles journaled in the bearings 40,
Ljust described, are designated by the numeral'4l, and each is provided with a pulley 42 or suitable instrumentality to which power :maybe applied by a beltl or otherwise, and
carries a chuck 43, in vwhichthc shank 44 of a cutter 44 may be secured, 'as illustrated in Fig. ',5. On the opposite side of theframe 27 heads 45, having overhanging arms 45', are
secu red, and these heads 1are'slipped upon the guideway 27 and are adj u'stably fastened in position by screws 46 and shims 46 in the same way that the heads 36 are secured. In the bearings of these heads 45 are journaled the spindles 47 of the chucks 48, in which cutters 44 are secured, and each spindle is also equipped with a pulley 49, or it may be other instrumentality, to which power is applied for rotating the spindle. Vhile any desired means may be employed for rotating the cutter-spindles, I have shown a belt 50 for this purpose, said belt passing around idler-pulleys 51 and 52, then around one ofthe cutter-spindle pulleys 49,then around a pulley 42 of one of the cutter-spindles, then around another pulley 49 of one of the cutter-spindles 47, and so on alternately over tirst one pulley and then another, it finally passing over an idler-pulley 53, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings. This Well-known way of driving a series of spindles is merely shown as one convenient method of accomplishing this purpose, and it is distinctly to be understood that the invention is not limited in this respect, for, as is obvious, gearing or other means may be substituted therefore if desired. As will be observed by reference to Fig. 2, the standards 26 are chambered at 26 to receive and act as guides for the ends of the frame 27, and these chambers are closed at the top by caps 54, in which the screws 28 are journaled, said screws being threaded into nuts 55 of the frame 27.
At its ends, which project slightly beyond the standards, the frame 27 is provided with a pair of lugs 56, and pivoted to each of these projecting ends at 57 57 are levers 58 58', the short arms of which are normally caused to bear against the lugs 56 by means of a spring 59, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2. The long arms 58 58 of these levers are provided with bearings 60 60', in which are mounted the reduced ends of presser bars or rollers 61 61', said bars or rollers acting forcibly upon the material on the bed or table to hold it down thereon during the action of the cutters.
At each of its ends the frame 27 is provided with a tubular boss or projection 62 for the reception of stems 63', projecting from a third and intermediate presser bar or roller 63, and within each of these tubular bosses is located a spiral spring 64, (see Fig. 5,) which spring when the roller comes into action against the material on the bed or table 6 causes said roller to bear upon the same and to aid the other rollers in firmly holding said material in place during the time in whichit is submitted to the action of the various cutters. By these means it will be seen that as the table is reciprocated by the gearing described or by other gearing suitable for the purpose the blocks of wood or other material will be held firmly in place thereon and will be prevented from the slightest displacement while the dovetail grooves are being formed therein. .To decrease the weight of the frame 27, it may be chambered, as at 65,if desired.
It will be seen by reference to my Patent IOO IIO
No. 683,009, above mentioned, that when surface-finishing blocks of thev kind disclosed therein are required to be manufactured the lower or base block will be provided With preferably five dovetail ribs or projections and with six grooves or reduced portions,
four of said grooves being located between the projections and the side or edge grooves or reduced portions being formed, all of said grooves receiving ribs of a shape to iit them on the upper block. It will also be seen that the upper block is provided with six proj ections to fit the six grooves or recesses in the lower block and with live recesses to receive the five ribs of said lower block. To form these blocks in the manner stated, the cutterspindles have to be peculiarly arranged, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings. To'form these grooves and their intermediate projections in the lower blocks,sever al of said blocks are arranged end to end, and another series of said blocks is also arranged end to end, the side edges of said second series of blocks abutting against the side edges of the first series of blocks and both series being forced against the abutment 7 by the clamps 8, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3, in which said base-blocks are designated by the letter A. To form the .grooves in these sets of base-blocks, a set of eleven cutter-spindles at the left of the frame 27 is employed, and it will be seen that the side grooves or reduced portions of the laterally-abutting blocks are formed sim ultaneously by one of the cutters, as illustrated in said Figs. 1 and 3. These sets of baseblocks are, as before stated, confined between the longitudinal strips 22, which are provided with a single flange, as illustrated in Fig. 4. Abutting at their side edges against the strip 22, located about over the rack 11 in Fig. 3, is a single series of surface-finishing or top blocks B, and as these blocks-have five grooves and six projections a set of iive cutterspindles is employed arranged on 'the frame 27, as illustrated in Fig. 1, three of said cutter-spindles being located at the front and two at the rear of said frame. are arranged end to end on the table and are secured thereon by one of the clamps 8 in the manner above described, and they are laterally supported between two of the flanged strips 2l and 22, as illustrated in Fig. 4. Each of these strips may be slotted, as shown by dotted lines at 21 22', to afford adjustment of said strips upon the table to accommodate dierent series of blocks. The right-hand edges of the series of blocks B fit against one of the flanges of the double-anged strip 2l, and between the other flanged edge of said strip 21 and the side of the strip 2l secured to the right-hand part of the table adjacent to its edge another series of blocks B is varranged, said blocks being grooved by a set of ive cutters carried by spindles, two of which are located at the front and three at the rear of the frame 27, as shown in Fig. 1.
These blocks The arrangements of the sets of cutter-spindles shown is, as stated, suitable for the character of work described; but if diierentlyarranged longitudinal grooves or recesses should be desired in Work the heads36 45, carrying the cutter-spindles, may be adj usted upon the guides 27 272 to arrange said spindles in the manner desired and then secured in position by the binding screws and shims described.
In the operation of my improved machine sets of plain blocks A and B are first clamped upon the table 6 in the manner described and then the Wheel 14 is turned, and the gearing operated by said wheel actuates the rack 11 and the table to which it issecured, causing the work-to be longitudinally grooved by the cutters 44, carried by the sets of spindles. Just before the work is engaged by the first sets of front cutters it passes beneath the presser bar or roller 61, which holds it down as said cutters enter upon their work, and thenit passes beneath the spring-actuated presser bar or roller 63 before it reaches the rear sets of cutters carried by the spindles 47, and nally beneath the presser bar or roller 61', the Work being firmly held' against displacement, especially in an upward direction, by said presser bars or rollers. These presser bars or rollers may either be iixedin their bearings or may be permitted to rotate therein, as circumstances require. The shears or ways 3 3, upon which the table slides, are of considerable lengthi. e., long enough to accommodate the full stroke of the table-and after the blocks have been grooved they maybe removed from the table at the rear of the frame 27, or by actuating the screws 28 in the manner described the frame 27 carrying the cutter-spindles, may be raised and the table drawn back to the position-represented in Fig. 1. v
'lhe cutters 44, one of which is represented in Fig. 5, may be stamped by dies from sheetsteel, and `each cutterwill befmade of the shape of the recess it is desired to form. In the present instance the cutters'44 arerdesignedto form what areknown as ogee kinds of' dovetail recesses and ribs or projections, and each is provided with a blade portion havingV sharpened edges 442 and with a bit portion of less width than the blade and having beveled lower cuttingedges 44,3 and beveled side cutting edges 444, which are continuations of the edges 442. `Any suitable cutters for formingV the desired kind ofhrecesses maybe substituted for those shown,`if desired, without departure fromA the invention, and in this way plain, zigzagj or `other kinds of grooves may be produced at `norto the location of the cutters andtable,
for said parts may be differently arranged,- if desired, without departure therefrom.
IOO
IIO
tom-material in other than block form may be placed and clamped uponthe table, and the clamping and presser devices may vary in construction from those described, if desired.l
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is l. The combination, with a movable Worksupport, of means for clamping material upon said Work-support; cutters shaped to form recesses and counterpart intermediate projections in the Work; and means foractuating said cutters, the said cutters disposed in sets, arranged to operate Within different areas of the Work, and the cutters of one set being proportioned to those of the others, so that the recesses produced by the former shall correspond to the projections produced by the latter.
2. The combination, with a movable table, of means for clamping sections of material to said table; a series of cutter-spindles, recessing-cutters secured to said spindles; said cutters being disposed in sets arranged to operate within dierent areas of the Work, and the cutters of one set being proportioned to those of the others, so that the recesses produced by lthe former shall correspond to the projections produced by the latter.
3. In a dovetailing-machine, the combination, with a table, ot' gearing for reciprocating said table; means for clamping sections of material in which counterpart dovetail recesses and projections are to be formed to said table; aseries of sets of cutters one set forming one series of recesses and projections in one section of material, and another set a different series of recesses and projections in the other section of material; spindles to which said cutters arevsecured; means for rotating the spindles; and a support for said spindles.
4. In a dovetailing-machine, the combination, with a reciprocating table, of means for securing sets of blocks in which a certain number of dovetail recesses are to be formed to one portion of said table; means for securing sets of blocks in which a different number of dovetail recesses are to be formed to another portion of said table; a set of cutter-spindles; cutters carried by said spindles for forming dovetail recesses in the first-named set of blocks; a second series of cutter-spindles; cutters carried by said second series of cutter-spindles for forming dovetail recesses in the second set of blocks; means for actuating the cutters; and means for actuating the table.
5. In a dovetailing-machine, the combination, with a reciprocating table, of strips upon said table; an abutment at one end of the table; clamps for forcing sections of material placed between the strips against said abutment; means for reciprocating the table; sets rof cutters disposed to operate within different areas of the Work; and the cutters of one set being proportioned to those of another set, so that-the recesses produced by one set of cutters shall correspond to the projections produced by another set of cutters; and means for rotating the cutters.
6. In a dovetailing-machine, the'combination, with a table, of strips dividing said table into a series of compartments; means for clamping sections of material upon said table; means for actuating the table; a series ofsets of cutters for recessing the material, said sets arranged to operate, respectively, within different areas of the Work, and the cutters of one set beip g proportioned to those of the other set,'so that the recesses produced by one set Will correspond to the projections produced by another set; and means for rotating the cutters.
7. In a dovetailing-machine, the combination, with a trame having Ways, of a table mounted on said Ways; means for reciprocating the table; a frame located over the table and having a guideway on each of its sides; a series of heads adjustably mounted on the guideway on one side of said frame; a series of adjustable heads fitted to the guideway on the other side of said frame; spindles mounted in the heads; recessing-cutters carried by the spindles; means for rotating the cutters; and means for clamping material upon the reciprocatory table.
8. The combination, with a movable support for sustaining and feeding the material,
of means for actuating said support; a frame located at one side of said support; spindles carried by the frame; levers pivoted to each end of said frame; presser bars or rollers connecting said levers, and means for actuating the levers to cause said presser bars or rollers to bear against the material on the support.
9. Thecombination, With a movable support for sustaining and feeding material, of means for actuating said support; a frame located over said support and having a guide- Way on each of its sides; a series of heads adj ustably mounted on each of said guideways spindles journaled in the heads; cutters carried by the spindles; means for rotating the spindles; presser bars or rollers movably mounted on said frame; and means for causing said presser bars or rollers to bear against the material on the support.
10. The combination, with a support for sustaining material, of a frame located over said support; cutters, and means for actuating the saine carried by said frame; presser bars or rollers movably mounted on the frame and located on each side thereof; means for actuating said presser bars or rollers to cause them to bear against the material on the support; an intermediate presser bar or roller IOO IIO
IIS
carried by the frame; and means for forcing l ing a guideway on each of its sides; apair of levers pivotedto each end of said frame, each lever having a long arm and a short arm; presser bars or rollers carried by tlielong arms of said levers; lugs on the frame at each end thereof; a spring for forcing the short arms of the levers against said lugs; heads adjustably mounted on the guideways of the frame cutter-spindles Carried by said heads; and means for actuating the cutter-spindles.
l2. The combination, with framework having gnideways, of a table mounted on said guideways; strips for dividing said table into compartments; means for securing material in said compartments; means for reciprocating the table; a frame mounted over said table; means for adjusting said frame; a series of heads adjustably mounted on the frame; spindles journaled in the heads; means for rotating the spindles; cutters carried by the spindles; presser bars or rollers; and means for causing said presser bars or rollers to bear with yielding pressure against the material on the table. i In testimony whereof I afIiX my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
JOI-IN J. BLACKMAN. Witnesses:
FRANoEs E. BLODGETT, HARRY L. HILTON.
US8804902A 1902-01-02 1902-01-02 Dovetailing-machine. Expired - Lifetime US697787A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US8804902A US697787A (en) 1902-01-02 1902-01-02 Dovetailing-machine.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US8804902A US697787A (en) 1902-01-02 1902-01-02 Dovetailing-machine.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US697787A true US697787A (en) 1902-04-15

Family

ID=2766322

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US8804902A Expired - Lifetime US697787A (en) 1902-01-02 1902-01-02 Dovetailing-machine.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US697787A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US697787A (en) Dovetailing-machine.
US1121706A (en) Dovetailing-machine.
US125282A (en) Improvement in dovetailing-machines
US757084A (en) Grooving-machine.
US285133A (en) Book-sawing machine
US396298A (en) Wood-working machine
US642073A (en) Mortising-machine.
US1047707A (en) Block-surfacing machine.
US612119A (en) pickett
US987174A (en) Wood-splint-cutting machine.
US1340987A (en) Automatic franking-machine
US263752A (en) Mortising-machine
US1153938A (en) Tenon-cutting machine.
US639542A (en) Machine for hinging lasts.
US645329A (en) Woodworking-machine.
US1182733A (en) Machine for grooving weather-boarding.
US146512A (en) Improvement in making blind-slats
US373680A (en) Key and key-seat cutter
US672258A (en) Stone-scabbling machine.
US11677A (en) Spoke-machine
US779768A (en) Scale-making machine.
US784348A (en) Handhold-sawing machine.
US204870A (en) Improvement in machines for making wooden boxes
US219900A (en) Improvement in machines for making plane-stocks
US9495A (en) Blasting-machine