US683320A - Musical instrument. - Google Patents

Musical instrument. Download PDF

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Publication number
US683320A
US683320A US4779901A US1901047799A US683320A US 683320 A US683320 A US 683320A US 4779901 A US4779901 A US 4779901A US 1901047799 A US1901047799 A US 1901047799A US 683320 A US683320 A US 683320A
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Prior art keywords
keys
musical instrument
keyboard
produced
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US4779901A
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Hiram Mccrea
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Hiram Mccrea
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10BORGANS, HARMONIUMS OR SIMILAR WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS WITH ASSOCIATED BLOWING APPARATUS
    • G10B1/00General design of organs, harmoniums or similar wind musical instruments with associated blowing apparatus
    • G10B1/08General design of organs, harmoniums or similar wind musical instruments with associated blowing apparatus of harmoniums, i.e. reed organs

Description

' No. 683,320. Patented Sept. 24, l90l.
H. MCCREA.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
(Application led Feb. 18, 1901.) (No'lodel.)
Nozum o UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
IIIRA MCOREA, OF NEV RICHMOND, INDIANA.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
SPEGFICATXON forming part of Letters Patent No. 683,320, dated September 24, 1901.
Application filed February 1S, 1901. Serial No. 47,799. (No model.)
To @ZZ wtom t may concern.-
Be it known that I, HIRAM MCCREA, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Richmond, in the county of Montgomery and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Musical Instruments; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, an d exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The invention relates to musical instruments of the reed type.
The object of the invention is to provide a musical instrument of this character with an auxiliary separate and distinct keyboard to be operated with one hand while the other hand is used for operatingr the common keyboard, whereby chords of a pitch different from those of the ordinary or common keyboard may be produced, these chords being graduated in pitch, the construction being such that if but a single note be desired to be produced on the auxiliary keyboard this may be accomplished without producing a chord, and if the complete chord be desired to be produced this also may be effected by pressing but one key.
XVith this and other objects in view the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, combination, and arrangement of parts,which will be hereinafter more fully described, and particularly pointed out in the appended claim.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan View of my improved instrument,illus trating the keys composing two oetaves of the usual keyboard and keys composingr the supplemental keyboard by which lower bass notes are produced than can be produced on the ordinary keyboard and by means of which when desired octaves of a lower pitch may be produced than on the ordinary keyboard. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view. Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view.
In the drawings, 1 denotes the frame of the musical instrument, which consists of an inclosing casing provided with bellows to which is supplied, through a pipe 3, air under pressure. f1 denotes the ordinary or usual keys composing two octaves of the instrument, the dilferent notes of which are indicated thereon, and 5 the reeds of these keys. As these features of the instrument in themselves form no part of the present invention a further description of the same is not thought to be necessary.
6 denotes the keys of the lower bass notes, which are pivoted intermediate their ends to posts 7 and are provided at one end with pads 8, that cover sound-emitting openings 9 inthe casing, which openings are provided with reeds 10. Said keys have arranged under their opposite ends springs 1l, which exert their energy to hold the pads in a position to close the openings 9, and are also provided with finger-pieces 12, upon which Iliave indicated the different bass notes. The keys G are adapted to be operated by the fingers of the left hand. Arranged alternately with these keys and to the right of the same are a series of keys 13, having indicated thereon their respective notes. These keys 13 are each provided with a laterally projecting stud or equivalent device 1/1, which when one of the keys 12 is depressed will cause its companion key 6 to be also depressed. Each key 18 is pivoted to a post 14.
15 denotes a series of sets of sound-emitting apertures, each set being on a line with each key 13 and provided with reeds 1G. The notes of each set of reeds` 1G are shown in Fig. 1. 17 denotes shutters for said openings 15. Each shutter is hinged at its rear edge to the under side of the top of the casing, and a spring 18, the end of which is shown in Fig. 2, is located under the shutter to normally hold the same in a position to close the apertures 15.
19 denotes a rod which projects downwardly from 'the key 13, so that when said key is depressed the apertures 9 and one set of apertures 15 will be uncovered, thus producing a chord. If, however, simply a low bass note is desired to be produced, one of the keys 6 is depressed and the sound-emitting aperture 9 which is controlled thereby is uncovered. y
As before stated, the keys 6 are adapted to be operated by the lingers of the left hand, while the keys 13 are adapted to be operated by the thumb of the same hand, and the keys 4 are adapted to be operated by both the thumb and the fingers of the right hand.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, the construction, mode of operation, and advantages of my invention Will be readily understood Without requiring a more extended explanation.
Various changes in the forni, proportion., and minor details of construction may be made within the scope of the invention without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages thereof.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
In a musical instrument of the character described, the combination with an inclosing casing, of a Wind instrument, an ordinary keyboard mounted thereon and correspondnesses.
HIRAM MCCREA. Witnesses:
JOHN MCCREA, GEORGE C. TRIBBY.
US4779901A 1901-02-18 1901-02-18 Musical instrument. Expired - Lifetime US683320A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3034392A (en) * 1957-02-27 1962-05-15 Seiller Philippe Wind actuated musical instrument

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3034392A (en) * 1957-02-27 1962-05-15 Seiller Philippe Wind actuated musical instrument

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