US678234A - Automatic lubricator. - Google Patents

Automatic lubricator. Download PDF

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Publication number
US678234A
US678234A US3843200A US1900038432A US678234A US 678234 A US678234 A US 678234A US 3843200 A US3843200 A US 3843200A US 1900038432 A US1900038432 A US 1900038432A US 678234 A US678234 A US 678234A
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Prior art keywords
valve
oil
chest
casing
piston
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US3843200A
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James Farley
James Meehan
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James Farley
James Meehan
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16NLUBRICATING
    • F16N11/00Arrangements for supplying grease from a stationary reservoir or the equivalent in or on the machine or member to be lubricated; Grease cups
    • F16N11/10Arrangements for supplying grease from a stationary reservoir or the equivalent in or on the machine or member to be lubricated; Grease cups by pressure of another fluid

Description

n. 678,234. Patented July 9," Ism.
J. FARLEY a J. mal-:Hm l 1 AUTOMATIC LUBBIGATOB.
(Appliemon med me. a, loon.)
- (No Model.)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES FARLEY, OF WAKESHA, WISCONSIN, AND JAMES MEEHAN, OF
` CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
AUTOMATIC LUBRICA'ToR.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 678,234, dated July 9, 1901. Application filed December 3, 1900. Serial No. 38,432. (N o model-.l
To ctZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, JAMES FARLEY, residing at Waukesha,Wisconsin, and JAMES MEE- HAN, residing at Chicago, Illinois, citizens of the United States, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automatic Lubricators, of which the following is a specication.
The invention relates particularly to automatic lubricators for use with locomotive-engines which are arranged to be operated by steam in the valve-chest thereof, although it will be understood from the following description and an examination of the drawings that it may be used in connection with practically all types 0f engines.
The principal object of the invention is to provide a simple, economical, and efficient lubricator adapted to be attached to the valvechest of the locomotive and be operated by the steam under pressure therein; and the invention consists in the features,combinations, and details of construction hereinafter described and claimed.
In the-accompanying drawings, Figure lis an elevation of ourimprovements with the attached mechanisms shown partly in section; Fig. 2, a full-sized longitudinal sectional elevation of a lubricator constructed in accordance with our improvements; and Fig.V 3, a sectional detail, taken on line 3 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrow.
In the art to which this invention relates it is Well known that it is desirable to provide means by whichthe valve-chest of the locomotive-engine may be automatically lubricated at any and all times without regard to the amount of steam under pressure in the valve-chest.
The principal object of theinvention/therefore, is to provide an automatic lubricator which will accomplish the above-desired result.
Other objects will appear from an inspection of the drawings and the'V -following description and claims.
Itis well known that-the steam-pressure within the valve-chest is practically the same as that contained within the boiler of the locomotive, and that in order to force lubricant into such steam-chest it must either go in with the steam or be injected into the steamchest at a pressure slightly superior to that within the Valve-chest. It is also well known that the steam within the boiler varies directly with the heat generated within the firebox and that as a consequence the pressure -for supplying the oil to the valve-chest should shown) through a supply-pipe d, and that on account of the greater supercial area of the piston e Within the pressure-cylinder over the piston f in the oil-reservoir the oil contained in the reservoir will be kept under greater than boiler-pressure. This oil-reservoir is provided with an outlet-pipe g, through which the oil is fed to the automatic valve for furnishing lubricant to the valve-chest, as hereinafter set forth. A steam-inlet pipe is provided with a three-way cock h, connecting with a branch pipe 1l, which leads to the upper part of the oil-reservoir, so that steam under pressure may be furnished thereto at any desired time for the purpose of forcing the differential piston back to its initial position, as shown in the drawings.
In order to furnish a lubricant automatically to and by the steam-pressure Within the valve-chest a valve is provided, which consists of a casing j, having a nipple portion 7c, secured to and in line with an opening u in the head of the valve-chest l. This valvecasing is provided with a valve-chamber m, in which a differential piston 'n is slidingly mounted, so as to move in a direction substantially at right angles to the outlet. The
larger diameter of this differential piston is located within the valve chamber and is adapted to be operated upon by the steam under pressure from the valve-chest. The pisroo ton is provided with an axial perforation o, which forms a portion of the oil-suppy channel, as hereinafter set forth, and the forward end is provided with a perforated diaphragm p, which assists in normally keeping the differential piston in its valve and the perforation of which is in line with the perforation in the piston. A cap q is secured to the valvecasing,so as to hold the perforated diaphragm in position and is provided with an inlet axial opening r, which also forms a portion of the oil-channel.
As shown in the drawings, the automatic valve is secured to the valve-casing,so that oil may enter therein when the automatic valvel is in position to permit the oil to pass therethrough. Oil under pressure fiows through the pipe g, which is secured thereto by means of a union-nut s, impinges against the diaphragm, and moves it with the differential piston over against an adjusting needle-valve t, which enters a conical valve-seat 4 at the end of the perforation in the dierential piston and acts to hold the piston in such position or as long as there is any oil under pressure in the oil-supplying cylinder. When steam under pressure enters the valve-chest, it tlows up through the channel or passage u into the chamber m of the automatic valve. Impinging against the larger superficial area ofthe differential piston it moves such piston forward against the superior pressure of oil at the other end. This movement of the differential piston away from the needle-` and down through the oil-channel u into the valve-chest Z, the oil being forced in by a pressure superior to that contained in the valve-chest. As the pressure diminishes or is entirely released in the valve-chest it diminishes in like manner in the chamber of the oil-valve, so that the action of the diaphragm and superior pressure of the oil on the smaller end of the differential piston can move it to the right until it is seated on the needle-valve and closes the oil-passage.
It is at times highly desirable, and particularly just prior to the starting of the locomotive, that oil be supplied to the valve-chest, so that when the slide or balance valve begins to operate it will have sufficient lubri-` and operating of the lever will rotate the cam` or flattened pin shown in Figs. 2 and 3, slightly raise the differential piston 0E of the crass-1 needle-valve, and permit oil to ilow through the channel above described into the valvechest. The needle-valve, as shown in Fig. 3, is provided with a threaded portion 0:, engaging With a threaded opening in one head of the valve, so that its position may be adjusted to suit different circumstances and conditions.
We claim- 1. In an apparatus of the class described, a valve-casing provided with a needle-valve .y adjustably mounted therein, a differential piston mounted therein provided with an oilchannel extending therethrough forming a 'valve-seat at one end and in line with the needle-valve arranged to be operated upon by steam on one side to open the valve and oil under pressure on the other side to close the same, substantially as described.
2. In an apparatus of the class described, an automatic lubricating-valve comprising a casing havinga threaded portion by which it may be secured to avalve-chest and a valvechamber therein,a needle-valve screw-threaded into one head of the valve-casing, a differential piston having its larger piston in the valve-chamber mounted in line with the needle-valve and provided with an axial oil-channel extending therethrough forming the valve-seat at one end arranged to be seated in the needle-valve, a perforated diaphragm arranged in contact with the smaller end of the differential piston, a cap secured to the valve-casing and provided with an oil-channel in line with the perforation in the diaphragm, the casing having a passage 'leading therefrom at the rear of the larger diiferential piston to admit steam to the steam-chamber of the valve-casing and permit oil to pass out therethrough, substantially as described.-
3. In an apparatus of' the class described,- an automatic lubricating-valve' comprising a casing having a threaded portion by which it may be secured to a valve-chest and a valvechamber' therein,a needle-valve screw-threaded into the head of the valve-casing, a differential piston having its larger piston in the valve-chamber mounted in line with the needle-valve and provided with an axial oil-channel extending therethrough forming the' valve-seat at one end arranged to be seated on the needle-valve, a perforated diaphragm arranged in contact with the smaller end of the dierential piston, a cap secured to the valve-casing and provided with an oil-chan nel in line with the perforation in the diaphragm, the casing having a passage leading therefrom at the rear of the larger differential piston to admit steam to the valve-chamber of the Valve-casing and permit oil to pass out therethrough, and cam mechanism by which the differential piston may be operated at any time, substantially as described.
4. In an apparatus of the class described, an automatic lubricating-valve comprising a casing having a threaded portion by which it may be secured to a valve-chest and a valve- IOO chamber therein,aneedlevalve screw-threaded into the head of the valve-casing, a differential piston having its larger piston in the steam-chamber mounted in line with the neetherefrom at the rear of the larger differential piston to admit steam to the valve-chamber of the Valve-casing and permit oil to pass out therethrough, and a iiattened pin extending through the valve-casing to Contact the differential piston and operate the same, substantially as described.
JAMES FARLEY. JAMES MEEHAN Witnesses:
THOMAS F. SHERIDAN, HARRY IRWIN CROMEB.
US3843200A 1900-12-03 1900-12-03 Automatic lubricator. Expired - Lifetime US678234A (en)

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