US652353A - Stringed instrument. - Google Patents

Stringed instrument. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US652353A
US652353A US69323698A US1898693236A US652353A US 652353 A US652353 A US 652353A US 69323698 A US69323698 A US 69323698A US 1898693236 A US1898693236 A US 1898693236A US 652353 A US652353 A US 652353A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
head
string
tuning
pin
threaded
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US69323698A
Inventor
Erik Adolf Edgren
Original Assignee
Erik Adolf Edgren
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Erik Adolf Edgren filed Critical Erik Adolf Edgren
Priority to US69323698A priority Critical patent/US652353A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US652353A publication Critical patent/US652353A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D1/00General design of stringed musical instruments
    • G10D1/04Plucked or strummed string instruments, e.g. harps or lyres
    • G10D1/05Plucked or strummed string instruments, e.g. harps or lyres with fret boards or fingerboards
    • G10D1/08Guitars

Description

No. 652,353. Patented June 26, I900.
E. A. EDGREN.
STRINGED INSTRUMENT.
('Applicationwfiled Oct. '11, 1898.)
(No Model.)
//VVEN7 0/-? A TORNEY WITNESSES I ma NORRIS PETERS co PHOTO-LITHO, wnsnmmou. o.
UN TED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ERIK ADOLF EDGREN, OF OMAHA, NEBRASKA;
STRINGED INSTRUMENT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 652,353, dated June 26,1900.
Application filed October 11, 1898.
To 61/ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that LERIK ADOLF EDGREN, residing at Omaha, in the county of Douglas and State of Nebraska, have invented certain use ful Improvements in Stringed Instruments; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to a new improvement in stringed instruments.
The objects of my invention are, first, to provide a stringed musical instrument, and, secondly, to provide a new device for quickly tuning and holding the strings in connection with musical instruments, the adjustable mechanism employed in my invention being adapted, however,to all devices where strands are to be adj ustably supported and secured.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 shows a broken top view of a musical instrument embodying my invention. Fig. 2 shows a central view in section of a musical instrument embodying my invention. Fig. 3 shows a longitudinal sectional View of the head used in my invention. Fig. 4 shows a cross-sectional View of the neck on my improved musical instrument. Figs. 5, 6, 7, andSshow, respectively, a central section, an end, a top, and a side view of a stringed head embodying my invention, while Fig. 9 shows a sectional view of the tailpiece as used in my instrument.
In the accompanying drawings, A represents the body of my instrument, which is of any suitable size or conformation,but in which the body swells and increases in capacity from the front to the rear longitudinally, as will be noticed in referring to Fig. 2. To this body A is next secured a neck B, which in cross-section is approximately in the form of a double convex, as is shown in Fig. 4, and is provided with a central groove or fingerrun. Above this the neck is provided with the usual frets cc and is secured to the body of the instrument by any suitable means. In
referring to the drawings it will be noticed that the lower portion of this neck B extends a suitable distance beyond the body A, but
Serial No. 693,236. (No model.)
not touching the same. At the upper end the neck Bis provided with the head 0, which head preferably com prises the base 3 and the border 1, the lower extending portion 5, and the forward-extending portion 6, as is clearly shown in Fig. 3, the bottom plate 3 being united to the portion 5 by means of a rib '7. The portion 5 is provided with an opening 1, while the border 4 at the upper end is provided with an opening 9 and at the lower smaller end with the openings 10 and 11. Suitable tuning-pins D are held within the openings 9 and 10, while the openings 11 are adapted to receive the strings with which the instrument is provided. Working upon the tuning-pins D are the string-holding heads F, there being one such head upon each pin, and these heads are preferably rectangular in cross-section, as well as being squared lengthwise and being provided with a central opening, which opening is of two diam eters, each being of a half-circle, as will be understood in referring to Figs. 5 and 6. Referring to Fig. 5, a cross-sectional View of one of these heads F is shown, and it will be noted that this head has a threaded opening 12, passing clear through the same, but that this threaded opening is mutilated at two points (marked 13) by means of a semispherical removed portion. (More clearly shown in Fig. 6.) These mutilated or removed portions 13 are placed opposite one another, so that after these heads have been placed upon the screws D they may be tilted upon the screw because of these removed portions 13 13. These stringheads can be made in first providing them with a cylindrical opening of a diameter equal to a diameter of the smaller opening, which opening is then tapped and provided with a suitable screw-thread. One half of this threaded portion is then removed upon opposite sides to provide two removed portions 13 13 of increased diameters. Now in assembling the head proper the tuning-pins D are each provided with one of the stringheads F, and by virtue of these removed portions 13 13 these heads may be instantly carried from one end of the tuning-pin D to the other in tilting the pin, so that the removed portion 13 rests against the threaded tuning-pin, in which manner the tuning-pin will freely pass through the central opening of the string-head, so that this head can be slid up and down upon the tuning-pin. How ever, as soon as the tuning-pin is carried in the opposite direction, so that the threaded seatings l2 l2 ride upon the tuning-pins, the string-heads are instantly secured and then only can be adjusted by turning the tuningpins D. These string-heads are made square, so that they may ride and slide upon the bottom 3 of the head 0, so that they cannot revolve and can only be carried sidewise in one plane. These string-heads are provided with grooves a and b, so that the looped end of the string may be carried over the same, the channel 1) coming opposite the lower threaded seating 12 within the string-heads, so that as soon as the string, as is shown in Fig. 6, becomes taut or strained it binds the stringheads upon the tuning-pins, so that the threaded seatings are engaged to securely hold the string-head upon its tuning-pin. It will be noticed that this arrangement of securing a musical string can be used in connection with any instrument in which strings are used, and it will further be noticed that a coarse and quick adjustment of a string is first obtained by simply sliding the head up or down as far as possible and as soon as the head finds a seating adjust the strings by means of the tuning-pins. It will further be noted that the strain upon the tuning-pin is on a plane parallel to the axis of the tuning-pin.
In referring to Fig. 1 it will be noted that the bottom flange of the head 0 runs at an angle, so that one side of the neck B will be longer than the side opposite. The frets as diverge, running from the center outward, so that the lower frets w extend slightly in a direction opposite to the upper frets. This is done so that the instrument may be more quickly and comfortably handled, the frets being intended to con verge at a center, which center would be represented by the elbow of an ordinary operator. Referring to the tailpiece 20, it will be noticed that I provide a curved flange 21, through which the strings pass over the pivoted bridge-block 22, which block is mounted upon a pin 23, which Works on a tailpiece 20 into an ordinary block 24. The object of having the bridge-block 22 pivoted is to provide a radial adjustment of this block, as it is often found that one string will occasionally be either a trifle sharp or fiat, and this defect can often be remedied by simply swinging the bridge-block radially. The common practice is for the musician to place a bit of wood or paper below the defective string at the bridgeblock and so lengthen the string the trifle required to bring about a true octave. Passing through this tailpiece 20 is a main connecting-bar K, which bar passes through the neck B and the opening 1 within the head C, and is provided with an ordinary nut, so that this stay-rod unites first the tailpiece 20 to the body A, the neck B to the body A, and finally the head 0 to the neck B.
Now, having thus described my invention, what I claim asnew, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent, is-
l. The combination with a tuning-pin of a string-holding head adj ustably held upon said pin, said head being provided with two irregular openings substantially identical, said head being approximately, centrally and transversely divided into two sections, each section being provided with asmall threaded seating and a larger plain removed portion, the threaded seating within one portion of said string-head coming opposite the removed portion below, as and for the purpose set forth.
2. As a new article of manufacture a stringholding head adapted to receive the end of a string, and provided with a threaded opening extending through said head, said threaded opening being mutilated upon opposite ends and upon opposite sides, said mutilation including approximately half of said threaded opening upon each side, as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination with a tailpiece provided with a perforated recurved flange adapted to receive the ends of suitable musical strings in combination with a bridge-block pivotally secured to said tail-piece, as and for the purpose set forth.
4. In a musical instrument the combination with a sounding body or box,.of the following instrumentalities, to wit: a neck approximately in the form of a double convex in crosssection provided below with a central groove to form a finger-run, a plurality of frets secured to said neck above,said frets being positioned at an angle one to the other so that the first and last frets incline in opposite directions, a head secured to the upper portion of said neck, threaded tuningpins held within said head, string-holding heads working upon said tuning-pins, said string-holding heads being provided with a threaded opening provided with mutilations upon opposite sides and opposite ends, said mutilations encompassing approximately one-half of the threaded portion of said string-holding heads, and a tailpiece secured to the sounding-box of said instrument provided with a pivoted bridgeblock all arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
ERIK ADOLF EDGREN. WVitnesses:
G. W. Suns,
B. CLYDE Goss.
US69323698A 1898-10-11 1898-10-11 Stringed instrument. Expired - Lifetime US652353A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US69323698A US652353A (en) 1898-10-11 1898-10-11 Stringed instrument.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US69323698A US652353A (en) 1898-10-11 1898-10-11 Stringed instrument.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US652353A true US652353A (en) 1900-06-26

Family

ID=2720922

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US69323698A Expired - Lifetime US652353A (en) 1898-10-11 1898-10-11 Stringed instrument.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US652353A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2816469A (en) * 1954-04-13 1957-12-17 Gossom Milton Hutchison Musical instrument neck
US3103846A (en) * 1962-02-14 1963-09-17 James D Webster Finger board for stringed musical instruments
US3392618A (en) * 1966-03-18 1968-07-16 Walter J. Pelensky Multirange fretted guitar type instrument
US3564964A (en) * 1967-12-08 1971-02-23 Raymond M Veres Stringed musical instrument improvements
US3688632A (en) * 1971-02-22 1972-09-05 Francis C Hall Stringed musical instrument
US4023460A (en) * 1976-04-21 1977-05-17 Kuhnke Horst F Intonation aid for the violin, viola and cello and other instruments of the violin family
US4295404A (en) * 1980-03-14 1981-10-20 Dimarzio Musical Instrument Pickups, Inc. Compensated nut for a lute-type instrument
US4852450A (en) * 1988-06-30 1989-08-01 Ralph Novak Fingerboard for a stringed instrument
US5133239A (en) * 1991-02-11 1992-07-28 Rudolph Thomas Curved fret arrangement for guitar or similar instrument
US6034310A (en) * 1997-05-14 2000-03-07 Kolano; Jozef String instrument, method of playing a string instrument, apparatus for manufacture of a string instrument, and string instrument kit
US20060156894A1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2006-07-20 Muncy Gary O Stringed instrument and associated fret mapping method

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2816469A (en) * 1954-04-13 1957-12-17 Gossom Milton Hutchison Musical instrument neck
US3103846A (en) * 1962-02-14 1963-09-17 James D Webster Finger board for stringed musical instruments
US3392618A (en) * 1966-03-18 1968-07-16 Walter J. Pelensky Multirange fretted guitar type instrument
US3564964A (en) * 1967-12-08 1971-02-23 Raymond M Veres Stringed musical instrument improvements
US3688632A (en) * 1971-02-22 1972-09-05 Francis C Hall Stringed musical instrument
US4023460A (en) * 1976-04-21 1977-05-17 Kuhnke Horst F Intonation aid for the violin, viola and cello and other instruments of the violin family
US4295404A (en) * 1980-03-14 1981-10-20 Dimarzio Musical Instrument Pickups, Inc. Compensated nut for a lute-type instrument
US4852450A (en) * 1988-06-30 1989-08-01 Ralph Novak Fingerboard for a stringed instrument
US5133239A (en) * 1991-02-11 1992-07-28 Rudolph Thomas Curved fret arrangement for guitar or similar instrument
US6034310A (en) * 1997-05-14 2000-03-07 Kolano; Jozef String instrument, method of playing a string instrument, apparatus for manufacture of a string instrument, and string instrument kit
US20060156894A1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2006-07-20 Muncy Gary O Stringed instrument and associated fret mapping method
US7256336B2 (en) * 2005-01-14 2007-08-14 Muncy Gary O Stringed instrument and associated fret mapping method
US20080022836A1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2008-01-31 Muncy Gary O Stringed Instrument and Associated Fret Mapping Method
US7423208B2 (en) * 2005-01-14 2008-09-09 Muncy Gary O Stringed instrument and associated fret mapping method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4304163A (en) Adjustable nut for stringed musical instrument
US8748717B2 (en) Guitar accessories
US5623110A (en) Quick-setting, variable, chord-forming, partial capo
US4453443A (en) Pitch stabilized string suspension system for musical instruments
US3290980A (en) Bridge constructions for guitars
US3538807A (en) Interchangeable stringed instrument
US6706957B1 (en) Intonation system for fretted instruments
US20090151537A1 (en) Folding guitar with self aligning neck
US7579536B2 (en) Tension equalizer
US2514835A (en) Music string pitch regulator
US7247779B2 (en) Pitch changing arrangements for pedal steel guitar
US5438902A (en) Memory tuning system for stringed instruments
US4334457A (en) Capo
US20070175312A1 (en) Capo applicable to dobro and slide guitars, and other raised-string instruments
US20070006712A1 (en) Stringed instrument that maintains relative tune
US2130248A (en) Tuner for string instruments
US2491788A (en) Bridge for fretted stringed musical instruments
US3437001A (en) Key changer and tremolo for guitar
US8294011B2 (en) Positional constant string pitch control system
US8895823B2 (en) Sustain block for stringed instruments
JP2010517108A (en) Improvements in or related to stringed instruments
US3695137A (en) Tension adjustment for stringed musical instruments
JP2010517108A5 (en)
EP3249642A1 (en) Connection device between the neck and body of a stringed musical instrument and stringed musical instrument containing said device
US20060236841A1 (en) Machine for changing the key of a stringed musical instrument