US759850A - Violin. - Google Patents

Violin. Download PDF

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Publication number
US759850A
US759850A US12850002A US1902128500A US759850A US 759850 A US759850 A US 759850A US 12850002 A US12850002 A US 12850002A US 1902128500 A US1902128500 A US 1902128500A US 759850 A US759850 A US 759850A
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bridge
instrument
stem
strings
head
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US12850002A
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Benjamin Battram
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Benjamin Battram
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D1/00General design of stringed musical instruments
    • G10D1/02Bowed or rubbed string instruments, e.g. violins or hurdy-gurdies

Description

PATBNTED MAY 17, 1904.

B. BATTRAM.

- VIOLIN.

APPLIOATION'PILED 001223, 1902.

I no MODEL.

Patented May 17, 1904.

BENJAMIN BATTRAM, OF LYNNEHURST, CANADA.

VIOLIN.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 759,850, dated May 17, 1904.

Application filed October 23, 1902.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, BENJAMIN BA'r'rRAM, carpenter, of the village of Lynnehurst, in the county of Filgin, in the Province of Ontario,

term it, the violean, in the manner which I shall now describe.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of my violin. Fig. 2 is a perspective longitudinal section. Fig. 3 is an end view looking from the tail or butt of the instrument with parts in section. Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail of the head, showing the means for varying the scale of the instrument. Fig. 5 is a perspective detail of the central longitudinal stem. Fig. 6 is a detail of the tailpiece. Fig. 7 is across-sec tional view of the neck with parts back of the section-line shown in elevation.

In the drawings like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in each figure.

A is the body of the instrument, which is made much after the usual form, with the exception that the right-hand side A at the base of the neck is made shorter than the opposite side A in order to facilitate fingering, as hereinafter explained.

B is the stem, which extends through the body of the instrument, being preferably made with a grooved portion 6, shoulders I) and 6 against which the edges of the body A and A fit, and a thin resilient portion B, having an enlarged butt-end 6 which is fitted or secured in the butt or tail end of the instrument. The head is provided with holes 5 It will be noticed that the back of the neck is curved, as shown at B to fit the wrist of the artist and is designed to give all the room and freedom desired in reaching and shifting the fingers on the strings.

C is the finger-board, which extends to the notches 6 made in the stem B at the head Serial No. 128,500. (No model.)

-of the instrument. The finger-board is of slightly-arched form transversely and extends throughout the length of the neck and is suitably glued to the edges at each side of the groove 6 of the stem. The stem is made grooved or hollow for the sake of lightness.

b is a cross-bar which fits into the notch b and forms a bridge at the end of the fingerboard, over which ,the strings pass.

It will be. noticed that the body of the instrument is made in easy flowing curves at the side and not as an ordinary violin is made, with the sharp arc-shaped portion in the center with sharp edges. The top of the body of the instrument is preferably provided with openings at, which are not regular in form, but decidedly irregular or having cuts in the edges, as indicated. These openings 64 are designed tocontrol the volume of sound required and are made of various sizes, as the maker or artist may require for a loud or soft toned instrument.

I preferably make my instrument with five strings 2. The tail ends of the strings I fasten in slots 3 in asuitable metallic tailpiece 4, which has a suitable bent end 5, which is held in the butt or tail end of the instrument by a screw 6, passing into the butt-end If of the stem. The tailpiece is made of light material somewhat fan shape in form and with a curved base corresponding in form to the top edge of the bridge, and the edges are bent over a reinforcing-wire 7. The strings pass over a bridge 8 and pass to the head of the stem B, where they extend between the jaws of the split pins9, which extend through the holes 6 and form tuning pegs or keys. .These keys are arranged regularly in an oblique line, as shown, and the ends of the strings pass into the split pins and are wound around the pin and are then fastened by passing again through the slot of the key. I find in practice with such pins that it is almost unnecessary to do any tuning to the instrument. Such split pins being of spring metal securely hold the strings taut.

The head, neck, stem, and body are secured together in the usual manner by cementing and gluing.

The bridge 8, hereinbefore mentioned, and the strings are the only parts that are constructed the same as the ordinary violin.

D is a supplemental bridge, which extends underneath the bridge 8 within the body of the instrument, such supplemental bridge being provided with a small button (Z, in which is fastened the small cord (1, which extends out to each side through the holes a at each side of the bridge, as indicated in Figs. 1 and 3. The bridge D rests upon the thin reduced portion of the stem B and is suitably glued to same. The bridge D is designed to take the place of the ordinary sounding-post used in violins. The bridge D is grooved at the top edge, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 3, and the button (Z has a reduced end, so as to fit into the groove. By means of the string (1, projecting through the holes (f, the button may be drawn either to one side or the other 'in order to soften or harden the tone under any desired string.

Underneath the stem B and the supplemental bridge D, I place a wooden thimble E, which is glued to the inside of the body of the instrument. A screw F passes through the body of the instrument and thimble, so as to abut the stem, and may be adjusted toany desired tension by pressing upwardly on the stem and causing the supplemental bridge D and button to press on the inside of the front at or near where the outside bridge is placed,

so as to give any desired strain, and conse quently any desired hardness of tone.

10 is a loop formed of elastic material and fastened at the side of the head of the instrument, such side being the left-hand side when the instrument is held in place for playing. The loop 10 forms a thumb-rest, and by placing the thumb in the rest the artist has per' fect freedom of action of the finger and hand in reaching any point on the finger-board. It will be seen that the side A, being higher than the side A provides a greater reach than at present is provided for the fingers, thus making the elastic loop or thumb-rest, taken in connection with the construction referred to, a very important factor in the manipulation of the strings. The loop also when the thumb is inserted in position serves to keep the instrument in perfect position without the necessity of using a chin-rest. The neck is slightly inclined in cross-section.

In my instrument I use a pitch-changer, which is constructed and fastened to the head of the instrument as follows:

G is a straddle-bracket, which is securely fastened to each side of the head, and H is a bracket secured on the head near the upper end.

I is a double-wire spring made in the form of a parallel loop for the major portion of its length, the ends being free and extending through holes/1 in the bracket H. The two free ends are provided with notches v opposite each other and arranged in preferably two pairs. The end of the wire loop I is provided with a cross-bridge bar I, which is of the form shown and is provided with a top cross-bar v", which is grooved and around which the wire loop is bent and held.

J is a lever which is pivoted in the bracket G. The end of the lever is provided with a suitable thumb-piece for manipulating it, and the bottom end of the lever is brought so as to pass over both wires of the spring-loop I.

In the position shown in Fig. l the bar is shown disengaged from the strings, and in order to change the pitch it is necessary to move the loop forwardly onto the finger-board. 1 provide three changes of pitch, as indicated by twopairs of notches, such three changes being, respectively, from the scale of A or concert pitch to B flat or to C. In order to produce these changes in pitch, it is of course necessary to move the loop along so as to bring the bridge-bar to the two desired points on the strings, and the lever J, which is shown loose in Fig. 1, or down, is then turned on its pivot so as to press downwardly upon the strings, and thereby hold the bridge-bar against the strings and produce the result desired. It is not necessary to describe the exact tones of each change which is made, as this may be readily comprehended by musicians. It will, however, be readily seen that the pitchof the instrument may be readily and quickly changed, and the artist can easily perform any kind of music.

What I claim as my invention is- 1. In a violin, the combination with the body, of a stem having a thin portion extending through the center of the body and an enlarged end, a neck sli htly inclined in crosssection and provided with a groove, and a suitable head portion as and for the purpose specified.

2. In a violin, the combination with the body, of a stem havinga reduced thin portion extending through the center of the body and an enlarged end, a neck slightly inclined in cross-section and provided with a groove, a suitable head portion, and shoulders on the stem at the point where the body is connected thereto, such shoulders being located out of line laterally, whereby the head end of the body is longer at one side than the other as and for the purpose specified.

3. In a violin, the combination with the body, of a stem having a reduced thin portion extending through the center of the body and an enlarged end, a neck slightly inclined in cross-section and provided with a groove, a suitable head portion, and shoulders on the stem at the point where the body is connected thereto, such shoulders being located out of line laterally, whereby the head end of the body is longer at one side than the other and a finger-board slightly arched transversely and suitably glued to the neck portion above the groove in the neck.

4:. In a violin, the combination with the body and top and bottom portion thereof and the tailpiece and strings and bridge, of the stem extending through the center of the instrument, a supplemental bridge secured thereto and an adjustable button located above the supplemental bridge and abutting the top of the body underneath the bridge and means for pressing the supplemental bridge and button thereof against the inside of the top as and for the purpose specified.

5. In a violin, the combination with the body and top and bottom portion thereof and the tailpiece and strings and bridge, of the stem extending through the center of the instrument, a supplemental bridge secured thereto an d an adj ustable button located above the supplemental bridge and abutting the top of the body underneath the bridge, a thimble fastened to the bottom of the body and a setscrew extending through the thimble and against the thin reduced portion of the stem underneath the supplemental bridge as and for the purpose specified.

6. In a violin, the combination with the I body and top and bottom thereof and the tailting in such groove and cords attached to the button and extending out at each side through holes in the body of the instrument and means underneath the same for exerting a pressure the finger-board and the strings, of an elastic loop fastened to the head and forming a thumbrest as and for the purpose specified.

9. In a violin, the combination with the body of the instrument and the stem provided with a neck, one side of the body extending farther on the neck than the other side and the finger-board having a lateral cant or incline, and the strings, of the elastic loop fastened to the head and forming a thumb-rest as and for the purpose specified.

BENJAMIN BATTRAM.

Witnesses:

VVINIFRED SANDERS, JOHN B. DAVIDSON.

US12850002A 1902-10-23 1902-10-23 Violin. Expired - Lifetime US759850A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4195546A (en) * 1979-02-26 1980-04-01 Stanley Urbank Chord selector
USD820902S1 (en) * 2016-08-23 2018-06-19 Magic Music, LLC Violin fingerboard
FR3073073A1 (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-05-03 Joel Georges Delannoy Process for constructing violins, violins alto and violoncelles releasing the resonnance box of the strength-related constraints and applying it only the pressure of the bridge

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4195546A (en) * 1979-02-26 1980-04-01 Stanley Urbank Chord selector
USD820902S1 (en) * 2016-08-23 2018-06-19 Magic Music, LLC Violin fingerboard
FR3073073A1 (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-05-03 Joel Georges Delannoy Process for constructing violins, violins alto and violoncelles releasing the resonnance box of the strength-related constraints and applying it only the pressure of the bridge

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