US636895A - Gate. - Google Patents

Gate. Download PDF

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Publication number
US636895A
US636895A US72188199A US1899721881A US636895A US 636895 A US636895 A US 636895A US 72188199 A US72188199 A US 72188199A US 1899721881 A US1899721881 A US 1899721881A US 636895 A US636895 A US 636895A
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Prior art keywords
gate
shaft
arm
lever
casting
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US72188199A
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Homer A Cheney
Elmer R Cheney
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Individual
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Individual
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F11/00Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening
    • E05F11/02Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening for wings in general, e.g. fanlights
    • E05F11/04Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening for wings in general, e.g. fanlights with cords, chains or cables

Definitions

  • the invention relates to improvements i gates.
  • the object of the present invention is to improve the construction of swinging gates, more especially the means for opening and closing the same, and to provide a simple, inexpensive, and efficient one adapted to be operated at a distance from either side of it and capable of being readily opened and closed in high winds.
  • a further object of the invention is to provide a gate of this character which will not drag upon the ground as it is opened and closed and which will be adapted to clear such obstructions as snow.
  • Figure l is a perspective view of a gate constructed in accordance with this invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a detail sectional view illustrating the manner of hinging the gate.
  • the gate 1 designates a swinging gate, preferably consisting of a rectangular frame and a body portion of woven wire, which is adapted to permit the wind to pass through it readily and which facilitates the operation of the gate in high winds.
  • the gate is provided with upper and lower eyes 2 and 3 and is mounted on a vertical shaft 4, which is provided at its top with an L-shaped arm 5, eX- tending into vthe upper eye 2 of the gate and forming an upper pintle, the upper eye being shorter than the lower eye, which projects rearward from the bottom of the gate.
  • the lower eye receives the vertical shaft, which is preferably constructed of tubular metal and which is supported upon an L- shaped bolt 6, having one arm threaded into a hinge-post 7 and its other arm extending vertically into the lower end of the tubular shaft.
  • the upper end of the shaft is journaled in a suitable bearing, preferably ccnl sisting of a block or arm 8, projecting from the top of the post toward the gate and provided with an opening.
  • the L-shaped ar'm, which forms the upper pintle, is arranged t0 clear the block 8, and the upper portion of the 6o shaft and the arm 5 may consist of a casting,
  • the casting is provided with a depending socket to receive the upper end of the tube or pipe of which the body portion of the shaft is constructed, and the said socket 9 is preferably threaded, as shown in Fig. 2; but any other means may be employed for securing the casting to the tube.
  • the upper arm 5 tilts the gate upward and rearward, raising the front end, releasing a latch 10 and causing the gate to swing by gravity to open or close it, and this prevents the gate from dragging upon the ground, and it also enables the same to clear deep snows and similar obstructions.
  • the shaft is actuated by a rearwardly-extend-V ing lever 11, consisting, preferably, of a wooden bar and a casting 12, having inner 8o and outer portions arranged at an angle.
  • the casting which is provided with longitudinal flanges 13, has its outer portion arranged horizontally and provided with perforations receiving the upper end of the shaft and the arm of the same, and these parts,
  • the rear end of the lever is connected by 9o an eyebolt 1G or other suitable fastening device with operating-ropes 17, extending from the gate in opposite directions and having their outer faces supported by guide-pulleys 18 and 19, mounted on uprights 20 and on 95 arms 2l, extending therefrom.
  • the arms 21, which are arranged at an inclination, are supported by rods, but anyother suitable support may be provided for the outer portions of the operating-ropes.
  • the guide-pulleys are prefroo erably arranged in blocks, as shown in the accompanying drawings, and when either operatingrope is pulled upon the rear end of the operating-lever is drawn toward the operator and the gate swings in the opposite direction, and is thereby prevented from striking a team or frightening the same or stock.
  • the one which is to be operated to close the gate is offset from thelever by one of a pair of arms 22, mounted on the lever near the rear end thereof.
  • the arms are arranged at an inclination, as clearly shown in Fig. l, and they are provided at their outer ends with forks 23, arranged to receive the operating-ropes.
  • the latch l0 consists of a hinged or pivoted bar arranged at the front end of the gate and having its lower end secured to the same by a staple 24, which forms a pivot, and its upper end is arranged within a keeper or link 25, disposed at an inclination and limiting the outward movement of the latch;
  • This link or loop 25, which may consist of a staple is fixed to the gate, and a spring 2G is interposed between the hinged bar and the gate and is adapted to hold the latter at the outward limit of its movement.
  • the latch is adapted to engage a double keeper 2S of a latch-post 29 when the gate is closed, and keepers or catches 30 are mounted on the uprights 2O for supporting the gate in its open position.
  • the invention has the followingadvantages:
  • the gate which is simple and comparatively inexpensive in construction, is positive and reliable in operation and is adapted to be readily opened and closed, and its front end is lifted when it is operated, whereby it is adapted to swing clear of snow and other obstructions and is prevented from dragging on the ground. By lifting the gate in this manner it is caused to swingby gravity, and it is thereby adapted to be readily operated in high winds.

Description

No. 636,895. Pa'nted Nov. I4, |899. H. A. &. E. R. CHENEY.
GATE.
.(No Model'). (Application Sled June 26, 1899.)
me nonms Permis co.. P o'ro-m|'|m.4 WASHINGTON. u. c.
Wmyss NITED STATES PATENT EEICE.
HoMEE A. CHENEY AND ELMEE E. CHENEY, oE MILLEESBURG, IOWA;
GAT.
forming part of Letters lvatent No. 636,895, dated November 14, 1899.
Application led hie 26, 1899. Serial No. 721,881. (No model.)
To rotZZ whom ifm/ay concern.'
Be it known that we, HOMEE A. CHENEY and ELMER R. CHENEY, citizens o f the United States, residing at Millersburg, in the county of Iowa and State of Iowa, have invented a new and useful Gate, of which the following is a specification. l
The invention relates to improvements i gates.
The object of the present invention is to improve the construction of swinging gates, more especially the means for opening and closing the same, and to provide a simple, inexpensive, and efficient one adapted to be operated at a distance from either side of it and capable of being readily opened and closed in high winds.
A further object of the invention is to provide a gate of this character which will not drag upon the ground as it is opened and closed and which will be adapted to clear such obstructions as snow.
The invention consists in the construction and novel combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and pointed out in the claims hereto appended.
In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a gate constructed in accordance with this invention. Fig. 2 is a detail sectional view illustrating the manner of hinging the gate.
Like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts in both figures of the drawings.
1 designates a swinging gate, preferably consisting of a rectangular frame and a body portion of woven wire, which is adapted to permit the wind to pass through it readily and which facilitates the operation of the gate in high winds. The gate is provided with upper and lower eyes 2 and 3 and is mounted on a vertical shaft 4, which is provided at its top with an L-shaped arm 5, eX- tending into vthe upper eye 2 of the gate and forming an upper pintle, the upper eye being shorter than the lower eye, which projects rearward from the bottom of the gate. The lower eye receives the vertical shaft, which is preferably constructed of tubular metal and which is supported upon an L- shaped bolt 6, having one arm threaded into a hinge-post 7 and its other arm extending vertically into the lower end of the tubular shaft. The upper end of the shaft is journaled in a suitable bearing, preferably ccnl sisting of a block or arm 8, projecting from the top of the post toward the gate and provided with an opening. The L-shaped ar'm, which forms the upper pintle, is arranged t0 clear the block 8, and the upper portion of the 6o shaft and the arm 5 may consist of a casting,
as clearly shown in Fig. 2 of the accompanying drawings. The casting is provided with a depending socket to receive the upper end of the tube or pipe of which the body portion of the shaft is constructed, and the said socket 9 is preferably threaded, as shown in Fig. 2; but any other means may be employed for securing the casting to the tube.
When the shaft is rotated by the means 7o hereinafter described, the upper arm 5 tilts the gate upward and rearward, raising the front end, releasing a latch 10 and causing the gate to swing by gravity to open or close it, and this prevents the gate from dragging upon the ground, and it also enables the same to clear deep snows and similar obstructions. The shaft is actuated by a rearwardly-extend-V ing lever 11, consisting, preferably, of a wooden bar and a casting 12, having inner 8o and outer portions arranged at an angle. The casting, which is provided with longitudinal flanges 13, has its outer portion arranged horizontally and provided with perforations receiving the upper end of the shaft and the arm of the same, and these parts,
which are rounded, as shown in Fig. 2, are secured to the casting by means of keys 14 or other suitable fastening devices.
The rear end of the lever is connected by 9o an eyebolt 1G or other suitable fastening device with operating-ropes 17, extending from the gate in opposite directions and having their outer faces supported by guide- pulleys 18 and 19, mounted on uprights 20 and on 95 arms 2l, extending therefrom. The arms 21, which are arranged at an inclination, are supported by rods, but anyother suitable support may be provided for the outer portions of the operating-ropes. The guide-pulleys are prefroo erably arranged in blocks, as shown in the accompanying drawings, and when either operatingrope is pulled upon the rear end of the operating-lever is drawn toward the operator and the gate swings in the opposite direction, and is thereby prevented from striking a team or frightening the same or stock. When the gate is open and the lever is in alinement with the operatingropes,the one which is to be operated to close the gateis offset from thelever by one of a pair of arms 22, mounted on the lever near the rear end thereof. The arms are arranged at an inclination, as clearly shown in Fig. l, and they are provided at their outer ends with forks 23, arranged to receive the operating-ropes.
The latch l0 consists of a hinged or pivoted bar arranged at the front end of the gate and having its lower end secured to the same by a staple 24, which forms a pivot, and its upper end is arranged within a keeper or link 25, disposed at an inclination and limiting the outward movement of the latch; This link or loop 25, which may consist of a staple, is fixed to the gate, and a spring 2G is interposed between the hinged bar and the gate and is adapted to hold the latter at the outward limit of its movement. The latch is adapted to engage a double keeper 2S of a latch-post 29 when the gate is closed, and keepers or catches 30 are mounted on the uprights 2O for supporting the gate in its open position.
The invention has the followingadvantages: The gate, which is simple and comparatively inexpensive in construction, is positive and reliable in operation and is adapted to be readily opened and closed, and its front end is lifted when it is operated, whereby it is adapted to swing clear of snow and other obstructions and is prevented from dragging on the ground. By lifting the gate in this manner it is caused to swingby gravity, and it is thereby adapted to be readily operated in high winds. When the gate is closed, it is securely fastened and cannot be accidentally opened by stock.
Changes in the form, proportion, size, and the minor details of construction within the scope of the appended claims maybe resorted to Without departing from the spirit or sacriiicing any of the advantages of this invention.
l. The combination of a shaft provided at its upper end with an L-shaped arm, a gate hinged to the shaft and to the arm thereof, a lever provided with openings receiving the upper terminal of the shaft and the upper end of the arm, and operating mechanism connected with the lever, substantially as de scribed.
2. The combination of a shaft provided at its upper end with an L-shaped arm, a gate hinged to the shaft and to the arm, a lever secured to the shaft and to the arm thereof, and provided with laterally-disposed arms, and flexible operating connections attached to the lever and adapted to be engaged by the arms thereof, substantially as described.
3. The combination of a shaft provided at its upper end with a casting forming an L- shaped arm, a gate hinged to the arm and to the shaft, a leversecured to said casting, composed of a bar and a casting, one portion of which is at an angle to the bar, and operating mechanism connected with the lever,substan tially as described.
In testimony that we claim the foregoing as ourown we have hereto affixed our signatures in the presence of two witnesses.
HOMER A. CHENEY. ELMER R. CHENEY.
Witnesses:
JOSEPH CAMPBELL, L. D. MASON.
US72188199A 1899-06-26 1899-06-26 Gate. Expired - Lifetime US636895A (en)

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