US632652A - Combined gas and vapor burning chandelier. - Google Patents

Combined gas and vapor burning chandelier. Download PDF

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Publication number
US632652A
US632652A US702140A US1899702140A US632652A US 632652 A US632652 A US 632652A US 702140 A US702140 A US 702140A US 1899702140 A US1899702140 A US 1899702140A US 632652 A US632652 A US 632652A
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gas
vapor
burners
burning
chandelier
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US702140A
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Arthur Kitson
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KITSON HYDROCARBON HEATING AND INCANDESCENT LIGHTING Co
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KITSON HYDROCARBON HEATING AND INCANDESCENT LIGHTING Co
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Application filed by KITSON HYDROCARBON HEATING AND INCANDESCENT LIGHTING Co filed Critical KITSON HYDROCARBON HEATING AND INCANDESCENT LIGHTING Co
Priority to US702140A priority patent/US632652A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D91/00Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for
    • F23D91/02Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for for use in particular heating operations

Description

No. 632,652. Patented Sept. 5, I899.
A. KITSON. v COMBINED GAS AND VAPOR BURNING CHANDELIEB.
(Application filed Jan. 14, 1899.)
(N u M 0 d el INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY.
gTA/ESSES:
TME nbams mans co. worliummwuummox u. c.
N ITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ARTHUR KITSON, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO THE .KITSON HYDROCARBON HEATING AND INCANDESCENT LIGHTING COM- PANY, OF SAME PLACE AND CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA.
COMBINED GAS AND VAPOR BURNING CHANDELIER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 632,652, dated September 5, 1899.
Original application filed November 12, 1898, Serial No. 696,298. Divided and this application filed January 14, 1899. Serial To to whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, ARTHUR KITSON, a sub- ,ject of the Queen of Great Britain, and a resident of Philadelphia, county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in a Combined Gas and Vapor Burning Chandelier, (Case W,) of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to gas and vapor burn ing apparatus; and it consists of animproved form of chandelier for supporting a vaporburning lamp and supplying oil and gas thereto and also supporting illuminating-gas burners and supplying gas thereto.
This application is a division of my application, Serial No. 696,298, (Case C2,) filed November 12, 1898.
The preferred form of apparatus embodying my invention is illustrated in the accompanying figure of the drawing.
The chandelier is supported from a central suspension gas-pipe 1, which has a surrounding cylindrical ornamental covering 2. A fine flexible tube 3 passes down inside of said covering 2 and supplies oil to the vaporizingtube 14 of the vapor-burning apparatus. The chandelier has a plurality of branch pipes a 4 radiating from the central suspension-pipe, and these are connected to the ordinary illuminating-gas burners 12 12, so as to supply gas thereto in any convenient manner. The vapor-burning apparatus is suspended from a central suspension-rod 15, continued in line with the suspension gas-pipe 1, and this vapor-burning apparatus has a plurality of vapor-burners 5 and 6, provided with incandescent mantles 5 6. Gas is supplied also to each of these vapor-burners through the nozzle 7 '7, let into the lower part of said burners and connected by the pipe 8 with one of the branch pipes of the chandelier, as i. The valve 9 controls the flow of gas through the pipe 8. The pilot-burner 10 is arranged in operative relation to one of the vapor-burners, as by placing it immediately over said burner 5, as indicated in the drawing, and this pilot-burner is supplied with gas through the valve 11. An ornamental globe or other protective covering 13 is preferably placed (No model.)
over the vapor-burning apparatus to hide the upper portion thereof from view.
I The method of operating my invention is as follows: The valve 11 is supposed to be permanently open to a graduated extent to supply the necessary small amount of gas to keep a pilot-flame burning at the pilot-burner 10. When the vapor-burning apparatus is to be thrown into operation, the valve 91 controlling the supply of gas to the vapor-burners, is open and jets of gas rush up through said burners from the nozzle 7 7, drawing in the necessary amount of air to the mixingtube of the vapor-burning apparatus to create a blue flame when the same is ignited. The pilot-flame at the pilot-burner 1O ignites the burner 5, and this is usually sufficient to ignite the other burner 6. The heat thus produced heats the vaporizing-tube 14 to the necessary degree to vaporize the oil, which oil isthen admitted from the oil-pipe 3 by opening the valve 16. Oil-vapor is thus suppliedto theburners,andthegas-supplythereto can be shut off by closing the valve 9 and the apparatus will continue burning oil. In case of any accident to the vapor-burning apparatus or of the necessity for additional light the illuminating-gas burners 12 12 can be lighted.
The advantages of my invention consist in its compact and convenient form, the gas for both the illuminating-gas burners and the vapor-burners being supplied from the ordinary chandelier-pipe without the addition. of extra pipes.
Ido not herein claim, broadly, the combination of a set of illuminating-gas burners and Bunsen or heating burners with a vaporburning lamp,together with separate gas-supply connections to said sets of illuminating and heating burners, respectively, as the same is described and claimed in my pending and before-mentioned application, Serial No. 696,298,0f which this application is a division.
Having therefore described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to protect by Letters Patent, is
1. In a combined gas and vapor burning fixture, the combination ofthe illuminatinggas burners, the gas-supply pipes, the vaporburning apparatus, the branch gas-supply pipe leading to the vapor-burners, the pilotburner in operative relation to the vaporburners, the second branch gas-supply pipe leading to said pilot-burner, and the valve controlling the branch that supplies gas to the vapor-burner, substantially as described.
2. In a combined gas and vapor burning fixture, the combination of the illuminatinggas burners, the gas-supply pipes, the vaporburning apparatus, the branch gas-supply pipe leading to the vapor-burners, the pilot'- burner in operative relation to the vaporburners, the second branch gas-supply pipe leading to said pilot-burner, and the valve controlling the branch that supplies gas to the vapor-burners, together with the valve in the branch that supplies the pilot-burner,
substantially as described.
3, The combination of the vaporizing and vapor-burning apparatus, having a plurality of vapor-burners, a pipe supplying gas to each of said vapor-burners, and a pilot-burner arranged in operative relation to one of said vapor-burners, substantially as described.
4. In a combination oil and vapor burning chandelier, the combination of the central suspension gas-pipe, a plurality of branch pipes radiating therefrom, a plurality of illuminating-gas burners supported by and connected to said branch pipes, avapor-burning apparatus arranged centrally of said gasburners, and a central suspension-rod for said vapor-burning apparatus, together with the gas connection from the burners of said vaporizing apparatus to one of said branch pipes, and the valve controlling said connection, substantially as described.
5. In a combination oil and vapor burning chandelier, the combination of the central suspension gas-pipe, a plurality of branch pipes radiating thereform, a plurality of illuminating-gas burners supported by and connected to said branch pipes, a vapor-burning apparatus arranged centrally of said gasburners, and a central suspension-rod for said vapor-burning apparatus, together with the gas connection from the burners of said vaporizing apparatus to one of said branch pipes, and the valve controlling said connection, a pilot-burner for said vapor-burners,
and a second gas connection from one of the branch pipes to said pilot-burner, substantially as described.
Signed by me at New York, N. Y., this 7th day of January, 1890.
ARTHUR KITSON.
Witnesses:
LILIAN FOSTER, A. PARKER-SMITH.
US702140A 1898-11-12 1899-01-14 Combined gas and vapor burning chandelier. Expired - Lifetime US632652A (en)

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US1898696298A true 1898-11-12 1898-11-12
US702140A US632652A (en) 1898-11-12 1899-01-14 Combined gas and vapor burning chandelier.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090186500A1 (en) * 2003-10-07 2009-07-23 Pass & Seymour, Inc. Shock-proof electrical wiring system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090186500A1 (en) * 2003-10-07 2009-07-23 Pass & Seymour, Inc. Shock-proof electrical wiring system

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