US626419A - Shipping crate or case - Google Patents

Shipping crate or case Download PDF

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US626419A
US626419A US626419DA US626419A US 626419 A US626419 A US 626419A US 626419D A US626419D A US 626419DA US 626419 A US626419 A US 626419A
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vessel
crate
case
bottle
position
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D23/00Details of bottles or jars not otherwise provided for
    • B65D23/001Supporting means fixed to the container
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J41/00Thermally-insulated vessels, e.g. flasks, jugs, jars
    • A47J41/02Vacuum-jacket vessels, e.g. vacuum bottles

Description

No. 626,4l9. Patented lune 6, I899.

J. M. GILBERT SHIPPING CRATE 0R CASE {Applicati un filed May 19, 598..)

(N0 Modei.) 2 Sheets-Sheet I.

m: News FETERS col. vuo1o-umo, wmmumm u c N0. 626,4!9. Patented June 6, I899. J. M. GILBERT.

SHIPPING CRATE 0R CASE.

(Application filed May 19, 1898.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

UNITED STATES PATENT EEIcE.

JOEL M. GILBERT, OF CLINTON, CONNECTICUT.

SHIPPING CRATE OR CASE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 626,419, dated June 6, 1899.

Application filed May 19, 1898. Serial No- 681,106. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOEL M. GILBERT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Clinton, in the county of Middlesex and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Shipping Crates or Cases; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to improvements in shipping crates or receptacles, and particularly to such devices adapted to receive and retain vessels containing liquids and similar substances; and some of the objects of the invention are to provide a device of this general character which will subserve the function of a shipping-receptacle and provide means for conveniently discharging the contents of the vessel within the receptacle and to provide such a device which will be simple and cheap in construction and at the same time positive and effective in operation.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device of this character adapted to receive vessels constructed of material easily broken and to prevent such vessels from impact, concussion, and jars incident to transportation and use and to prevent the accidental disengagement of the vessel from the retaining device; and with these and other objects in view the invention consists, substantially, of the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described in the following specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a bottle or similar vessel provided with one form of my improved shipping crate or receptacle, showing the samein position for transportation. Fig. 2 is a similar view illustrating the tilting attachment in operative position. Fig. 3 is a View, similar to Fig. 1, of a modified form of construction of the tilting attachment. Fig. 4 shows the tilting attachment illustrated in Fig. 3 in operative position. Fig. 5 is a side view of a bottle or vessel detached from, the crate or receptacle. Fig. 6 is a longitudinal central section of the main or body portion of the crate or receptacle. Fig. 7 is a modified form of a crate or receptacle. Figs. 8, 9, and 10 are detail views of a modified form of corner springs capable of employment with the construction illustrated in Fig. 7. Fig. 11 is a detailed view of a portion of the main or body portion of the crate or receptacle and of the bottle or vessel. view of the lockin g means for the yokes. Fig. 13 illustrates a modified form of bail that may be employed. Fig. 14 shows a port-ion of a bottle or vessel provided with undulatory or serpentine ridges or extensions.

Similar characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

Referring to the drawings, and particularly to the construction shown in Figs. 1, 2, 5, 6, 11, and 12 thereof, the reference character 1 designates a bottle or other vessel, of glass, china, earthen ware,or similar material, which is preferably provided with vertical rows or columns 2, Fig. 5, of horizontal exterior grooves 3, preferably blown or formed in the exterior surface of the bottle or vessel, for the purpose hereinafter described, and these grooves maybe undulatory, convolute, serpentine, or of any preferred form.

The bottle or vessel 1 is detachably secured within a casing or drum 4, (shown in elevation in Figs. 1 and 2 and in section in Fig. 6,) preferably constructed of sheet metal, compressed fiber, wood-pulp, or other suitable material, and the casing or drum may be corrugated, as shown at 5, Fig. 6, and vertical parallel rows of incisions or slits 6 are made in the inner surface of the corrugations of the casing or drum 1, and the portion of the inner surface of said corrugations between said incisions or slits is then bent inwardly, as shown at 7 in Fig. 11, forming pointed ribs or ridges 8, Fig. 6, adapted to enter and engage the grooves 3 in the bottle or vessel 1. and retain the same within the casing or drum 4, as will be readily understood.

The vertical rows of ribs or ridges 8 on the inner surface of the casing or drum 4 are adapted to register with the smooth surface 9, Fig. 5, on the bottle or vessel 1, so that the latter may be introduced into and withdrawn from the casing or drum l Whenever the bottle or vessel 1 is placed so that the smooth surface 9 coincides with the rows of ribs or Fig. 12 is a detailed,

by the ribs or ridges 8, as before described.

A skeleton 'or frame like crate 12, Fig. 7, may be employed instead of the casing or drum 4, before described, composed of corner pieces 13., with which are connected horisprings are secured upon theinnersurface of the corner-pieces 13, adapted to engage the grooves 3 in the bottle or vessel 1 in the same manner as the rows of ribs or ridges 8, before described, and retain the bottle or vessel 1 in position within the crate 12, as will be readily understood.

The spiral springs 15. may be constructed of wire or any other suitable material, and they may be attached to the corner-pieces 13 by means of staples or similar devices 16, as shown in Fig. 8, or a continuous undulatory strip or band 17, Fig. 9, of sheet metal may be employed instead of the spiral springs 15, hereinbefore set forth, or a piece of wire or a small rod of metal may be bent, as shown at 18, Fig. 10, and secured to the cornerpi'eces 13 by staples or similardevices 19, and the pointed projections of the strip 17 and wire. or rod 18 are adapted to engage the grooves 3 in the bottle or vessel 1 in the man ner before described andas shown in Fig. 10 0f t e dra ng The tilting attachment, Figs. 1 and 2,, consists of an outer yoke 20 and an inner yoke 21, both pivoted at their free ends to the. vertical cleats or strips 22, secured upon the outside of the casings or drum 4:, and these yokes are provided with pivoted interhinged links 23, adapted to limit the outward movement of the yokes when the latter are in operative position, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings, and; when the yokes are in this position the bottle or vessel 1 can be easily tilted to discharge the contents thereof without the difficulty and inconvenience of lifting the bottle or vessel 1, asis usually done.

In Figs. 3 and 4 is illustrated a modified formof tilting attachment wherein a. single yoke is employed, which is pivotally connected to bars 26', and the short end of these bars are pivoted or hingedto a lever 27, and the short end of the lever 27 is pivotally connected to-two of the cleats or strips 28 upon the outside of the casing or drum 4, and; the

ends of the yoke 25 are connected by a transverse rod or bar 29, and pivoted at one end to the bars26 is a link 30, provided at the free end thereof with a. recessed head 31, adapted to engage a pin or staple 32 upon the inside of the yoke 25 to prevent the separationof the ends of the yoke 25 and the free ends of the bars 26, as is clearly shown.

When the tilting attachments before described are not in use, they are folded up upon the cleats or strips in the manner shown in Figs. 1 and 3, and they are retained in this position by means of locking-yokes 33 and 34:,

pivotally mounted in the cleats or strips 22 and 28, respectively, the free ends of said yokes carrying inwardly-projecting extensions adapted to pass through segmental slots 35 and 36 in the yokes 20, 21, and 25 and enter the slots in the cleats or strips 22 and 28 when notin lockingposition, as shown in Figs. 3 2 and f the drawings, and to be thrown outzontal side pieces 13, and vertical spiral ward and downward upon the yokes 21 and 25 when it is desired to lock the same in position, as in Figs. 1, 3, and 12, and, if desired,

the locking-yokes may be provided with a spring-catch 37, Fig. 12, to retain them in a vertical position when not in use.

Pivotally connected with the upper ends of the cleats or strips 22 and 28 are bailsor handles 38, preferably constructed of a strip of sheet metal, or, if desired, the bail or handle may be formed of parallel strands of wire 40, Fig. 13, connected bya diagonal wire 41, which is twisted about the wires 40 at predetermined intervals,and the bail or handles are provided with pivoted clamps 42, adapted to enter mortises or recesses in the edges of the yokes 20, g 21 and 25, so that the free ends of said clamp I approach each other and are confined by a locking device 50, having two loops or apertured extensions 51, adapted to engage the free ends of' said clamps and retain the same in a locked position over and above the yokes, as clearly illustrated in the drawings, and 1 thereby prevent the accidental disengagement of the yokes and bail or handle, and, if

desired, a wire, chain, or lock may be passed 1 through the free ends. of the clamp 42 above nying drawings and the following description thereof.

The bottle orvessel 1 is introduced into the casing or drum 4 so that the ribs or edges 8 coincide with the smooth surface 9 on the bottle or vessel, and when within the casing or drum the bottle or vessel is turned slightly, so that the ribs or ridges engage the grooves on the bottle orvessel and prevent its accidental disengagement. Then the bail is brought into a vertical position above the bottle or vessel, and the yoke or yokes. are elevated above the bail or handle and locked in position by the locking-yokes, and theclamps are forced outward upon the yokes and the latter are secured in position, and the whole is ready for transportation. WVhen it is desired to discharge the contents of the bottle or vessel,

the yokes are disengaged and are separated on each side of the bottom of the bottle or vessel and the links 23 are forced into position, and the contents of the bottle or vessel can be quickly and easily discharged without the trouble and inconvenience of lifting and moving the same, which occasions considerable work in the case of large bottles or vessels.

The tilting attachment illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4 is put into operative position by bringing the yokes 25 off to one side of the bottle or vessel and engaging thelinks 80 upon the pins 32 and forcing the free end of the lever 27 downwardly and engaging the same to a stud in the yoke 25.

I do not desire to confine myself to the specific construction, combination, and arrangement of parts herein shown and described, and I therefore reserve the right to make all such changes and modifications of the same as come within the spiritand scope of my invention.

What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A shipping crate or case of corrugated material provided with cushions formed out of the corrugations thereof and bent in an opposite direction to contact with a vessel.

2. A shipping crate or case having formed out of the bottom and sides thereof resilient cushions and a vessel adapted to be secured within said crate having grooves to receive said cushions, whereby the vessel is prevented from injury and disengagement from said crate or case.

3. A shipping crate or case of yielding material provided with a casing or drum having a corrugated surface whereof are formed sprin gcushions and a vessel having a roughened exterior to receive said cushions, whereby the vessel is prevented from accidental disengagement and from impact.

t. A shipping crate or case provided with vertical rows of resilient cushions formed out of the sides thereof, the bottom of said crate or case also having cushions, and a vessel having vertical rows of grooves operating with said cushions, wherebyinjury to the vessel is prevented.

5. A shipping crate or case having resilient cushions formed out of the bottom and sides thereof and a vessel to be removably secured within said crate or case provided with roughened sides to operate with said cushions to prevent injury to or disengagement of said vessel. 6. Ashipping crate or case having resilient cushions formed out of the bottom and sides thereof, the latter being in vertical rows, and a vessel having alternate vertical rows of roughened and plane surfaces, whereby in jury to and accidental disengagement of said vessel is prevented.

7. A shipping crate or case provided with supporting devices adapted to be secured upon the exterior thereof and prevent the dis engagement of the vessel within the same when not in use and when extended to maintain said crate or case in an elevated position, and a bail to retain said devices above the vessel.

8. A shipping crate or case provided with a bail and movable supports adapted to meet above the crate or case to prevent disengagement of the vessel in the crate and devices 10. A shipping crate or case provided with a bail carrying clamps and with supporting devices, said bail being adapted to rest upon the vessel within said crate or case and said supporting devices to cross said bail, clamps to secure the latter in position and locking devices to retain the ends of said clamps.

11. A shipping crate or case provided with a bail and movable supporting devices adapted to meet above said crate or case and pre- Vent disengagement of the vessel in the crate and locking devices upon the latter to retain said supporting devices in position.

12. A shipping crate or case provided with supporting devices adapted to rest upon the exterior thereof and locking-yokes upon said crate or case to enter slots in edges of said devices to secure said supporting devices in position.

13. A shipping crate or case provided with cleats or strips, supporting devices connected therewith and locking devices in said cleats to enter slots in the edges of said devices to retain said supporting devices in position on said cleats when not in operative position.

14. A shipping crate or case provided with a drum or casing having resilient ribs or ridges, a vessel having a roughened surface adapted to engage with said ribs or ridges, a bail connected with said drum or casing, supporting devices also connected therewith, means upon said bail to secure said supporting devices in position above said bail and means for locking said supporting devices upon the side of said drum or casing.

15. A crate or case of sheet material upon the interior whereof are formed resilient ribs or ridges and a vessel adapted to be removably secured in said crate having exterior grooves or flanges to engage with said ribs to prevent the accidental disengagement of the vessel.

16. A crate or case of sheet material whereof are formed interior resilient ribs or ridges,

sel having grooves or flanges upon the-sides thereof to engage with said ribs, said vessel being adapted to rest upon the ribs upon the bottomof said crate.

18. A crate orfcase having bars connected therewith, a yoke pivoted to said bars and means for retaining said parts in an eiitendedposition so that the crate can he tilted.

p 19. A crate or case having levers connected therewith, bars; connected with said levers; a

yoke pivoted to said bars and means for re- I 1 taining said parts in an extended position so that saidcrate can be tilted,

' 20. A crate orcase provided with a movable lever upon each side thereof, bars connected with said levers, a yoke pivoted to said bars having retaining devices to be engaged by said levers and means to retain said bars and yoke in position sothe crate can be tilted.

2.1. A crate or case provided with movable levers, bars connected with said levers, a yoke bail and adapted to cross the same and be retained in said position by said clamps and means for securing the clamps.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name in the presence of two witnesses.

' JOEL M. GILBERT. Witnesses:

CHARLES S. Roenns,

M. L. SHAY.

nected with said crate at right-angles to said

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110071375A1 (en) * 1995-08-07 2011-03-24 Nellcor Incorporated, A Delaware Corporation Method and apparatus for estimating physiological parameters using model-based adaptive filtering

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110071375A1 (en) * 1995-08-07 2011-03-24 Nellcor Incorporated, A Delaware Corporation Method and apparatus for estimating physiological parameters using model-based adaptive filtering

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