US621037A - Feed-water heater - Google Patents

Feed-water heater Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US621037A
US621037A US621037DA US621037A US 621037 A US621037 A US 621037A US 621037D A US621037D A US 621037DA US 621037 A US621037 A US 621037A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
water
steam
receptacle
drum
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US621037A publication Critical patent/US621037A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C1/14Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers comprising also a non-direct contact heat exchange

Definitions

  • My invention relates to improvements in a feed-water heater for engines that is so constructed as to be adapted to use the exhauststeam of the engine for raising the temperature of the water to be fed to the boiler; and the invention includes not onlythe improved means for accomplishing this very desirable object, but also and as incidental to such chief purpose the means for separating refuse oilor other waste lubricant from the exhauststeam and discharging it from the engine or feed-water-heating apparatus related thereto, thus preserving only the pure steam and the water of condensation therefrom to be returned to the boiler.
  • the invention consists of the devices and combinations of devices as herein described and claimed or their equivalents.
  • My improved devices Whilele capable of being used with any engine, are especially adapted for use with portable engines of that classthat are commonly employed for operating threshing-machines and other farm machinery, and I have shown my improvements in connection with such a portable enginedelineated in a general Way, mostly in outline.
  • Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portable engine and my improvements attached thereto.
  • Fig. 2 is alongitudinal section of the receptacle or chamber of my feed-water heater with the devices that are located therein and in close relation thereto.
  • Water-heater I which consists of a horizontally-disposed steam-tight chamber so arranged that the exhaust-steam from the cylinder D is discharged directly into this chamberI and therefrom is discharged by an exhaust-pipe K into the smoke-stack C.
  • This steam-chamber I in those engines that are provided with such chamber is utilized for heating the feed-water to a very limited extent by extending the water-supply pipe through the steam-chamber from the pump G to its rear end and thence into the boiler A, as shown at H. 'lhis'water-pipe is extended in front of the pump G to some tank, as F, or other water-supply, from which it is pumped through the chamber 1, as described.
  • I have not shown the supply-pipe leading to the pump G as used in such engines, since I provide other means for supplying the pipe with water, as hereinafter described.
  • a water-receptacle 5 which has a loosely-fitting cover and which may be located at any convenient place on the engine.
  • a water-tight steam-drum 6 located near the bottom of the receptacle, and an exhaust-steam pipe 7 leads to this steam-drum from the exhaust of the 7 engine, which in the engine shown in the drawings is the heating-chamber I.
  • Thisexhaust-steam pipe taps the steam-chamber I at itstop, so as to take therefrom chiefly, and so far as is possible only, the steam of the exhaust of the engine, from which the refuse oil or lubricant has been separated by falling to the bottom of the chamber I and from which it is blown out or discharged through the pipe K.
  • advantage is taken of the initial'or first separation of waste oil orlubricant from the steam in this chamber in the manner stated before the purer steam is led into the steam-drum 6.
  • the exhaust-pipe 7 leads directly from the exhaust of the engine to the drum 6, and the separation of steam from the refuse oil and foreign matter must take place entirely within the drum 6, which in such case is preferably made larger in proportion than is shown in the drawings, and the separation is thereby satisfactorily accomplished.
  • a wastepipe Slead s from near the bottom of the drum 6 through the wall of the receptacle 5 and is adapted to discharge the waste oil and residuum that has been separated from the steam in the drum.
  • a water-supply pipe 9 leads from the supply-tank F into the receptacle 5 and through the drum 6, preferably near its upper portion, so as to get the maximum result from the steam entering and passing through the drum and is thence carried upwardly near to the top of the receptacle 5 and there terminates, so as to discharge freely into the receptacle. That portion of the water-supply pipe 9 that passes through the drum 6 is preferably considerably enlarged, as seen at 9, thereby providing an increased capacity or small reservoir with extended surface for cooling the steam by the contact of the steam in the drum 6 against this larger surface of the pipe, thus also cooling the oil and causing it to separate from the steam.
  • tank F is shown for supplying water to the pipe 9, and a jet-pump L is shown for forcing the water through the pipe; but it will be understood that water for the receptacle 5 can be obtained from any other tank or reservoir or even from a stream of water or well, as opportunity permits, the water being pumped or carried to the receptacle through a pipe, as 9, by any means in common use.
  • a steam discharge pipe 10 leads upwardly from the top of the drum 6 and is turned over and terminates in a plurality of downwardly-discharging pipes 10' 10.
  • discharge-pipes 10 10 have their mouths at such locality in the receptacle 5 as to be belowthe surface of the water therein, thus discharging their steam into the water, giving off its principal supply of heat and obviating any whistling or blowing of the exhaust.
  • a hot-water-feed pipe 11 leads from the bottom of the receptacle 5 to the pump Gr,
  • a stop-cock 13 in the pipe 7 provides for shutting off the steam from the drum 6 when, if ever, the water in receptacle 5 becomes undesirably hot. When this cock 13 is closed, the exhaust-steam in chamber I must be discharged through pipe K into the smoke-stack.
  • a drip-cock 14: is provided in the feed-pipe 11.
  • I also preferably provide one or more steam-tight pipes 12 12, extending from end to end through the drum 6,which serve as dues for the free passage of water in the receptacle 5 through them, being adapted still further to reduce the temperature of the steam in the drum 6, aiding to insure the separation of the oil therefrom.
  • the resultof my improved construction is to heat the water before it goes into the boiler, to take off most of the back pressure on the engine, and to keep the boiler free from scale.
  • the pipe 10 to obviate any backing up of water into or through it, should have its bend above the surface of the water, and Fig. 2 of the drawings so far as it indicates otherwise (if at all) should not control what is most desirable in the construction.
  • a feed-water heater com prisinga waterreceptacle, water-pipes leading to and from the receptacle, a steam-drum in the receptacle near its bottom adapted to be entirely surrounded by water in the receptacle, an exhaust-steam pipe leading into the steam-drum, a steam-pipe leading upwardly from the drum and open in the receptacle above the drum but below the Water-line, and a water-discharge pipe leading from the drum.
  • An attachment to a portable engine comprising a water-receptable on and portable with the engine, a closed steam-drum in and substantially at the bottom of the receptacle,
  • a pipe leading into the receptacle and into the drum near its top adapted to convey exhauststeam from the engine to the drum, a steamdischarge pipe leading from the drum at its top upwardly the pipe being recurved and open at its discharge end downwardly in the receptacle below the normal water-line therein, a waste-pipe leading from the drum at its bottom and discharging outside of the receptacle, a water-supply pipe leading into the receptacle and horizontally through the steamdrum and thence extending upwardly and discharging into the receptacle near its top, a water-discharge pipe leading from the receptacle at the bottom, and open fines or waterpassages through the drum horizontally for the free passage of water therethrough in the receptacle.
  • a feed-water heater In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-receptacle, pipes to supply and dischargethe water, a steam-drum of less size than the water-receptacle and located in the receptacle near its bottom, a steam-pipe leading to the drum, and a steam-discharge pipe leading from the drum upwardly and then downwardly and provided with a plurality of terminal pipes discharging downwardly into the receptacle below the water-line.
  • a feed-water heater In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-receptacle, pipes leading to and from the water receptacle, a steamdrum smaller than and wholly within the receptacle, horizontally-disposed pipes in the steam-drum leading from end to end thereof forming fiues through which the water in the receptacle can circulate freely, a steam-supply pipe leading into the drum, a steam-discharge pipe leading from the drum and discharging into the receptacle below the water-line, and a residuum-discharge pipe leading from at or near the bottom of the drum.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Heat Treatment Of Water, Waste Water Or Sewage (AREA)

Description

.No. s2|,o37. Patented Mar. l4, I899. E. c. CURTIS.
FEED WATER HEATER;
(Application filed May 27, 1898.)
(No Model.)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ELON 0. poems, or ROSENDALE, WISCONSIN.
FEED-WATER HEATER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 621,037, dated March 14, 1899.
Application filed May 27, 1898. Sean No. 681,921. (No model.)
T ttZZ whont it may concern.-
Be it known that I, ELoN C. CURTIS, of R0- sendale, in the county of Fond du Lac and State of Wisconsin, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Feed-Water Heaters, of which the following is a description, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, which are a part of this specification.
My invention relates to improvements in a feed-water heater for engines that is so constructed as to be adapted to use the exhauststeam of the engine for raising the temperature of the water to be fed to the boiler; and the invention includes not onlythe improved means for accomplishing this very desirable object, but also and as incidental to such chief purpose the means for separating refuse oilor other waste lubricant from the exhauststeam and discharging it from the engine or feed-water-heating apparatus related thereto, thus preserving only the pure steam and the water of condensation therefrom to be returned to the boiler.
The invention consists of the devices and combinations of devices as herein described and claimed or their equivalents.
My improved devices,while capable of being used with any engine, are especially adapted for use with portable engines of that classthat are commonly employed for operating threshing-machines and other farm machinery, and I have shown my improvements in connection with such a portable enginedelineated in a general Way, mostly in outline.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portable engine and my improvements attached thereto. Fig. 2 is alongitudinal section of the receptacle or chamber of my feed-water heater with the devices that are located therein and in close relation thereto.
In engines of this class as now in use the boiler'A, with a fire-pot B, smoke-stack O, and cylinder D are mounted on wheels E E and are in common use for operating threshing-machines andother farm machinery.
- Some of these engines are also provided with a so-called Water-heater I,which consists of a horizontally-disposed steam-tight chamber so arranged that the exhaust-steam from the cylinder D is discharged directly into this chamberI and therefrom is discharged by an exhaust-pipe K into the smoke-stack C. This steam-chamber I in those engines that are provided with such chamber is utilized for heating the feed-water to a very limited extent by extending the water-supply pipe through the steam-chamber from the pump G to its rear end and thence into the boiler A, as shown at H. 'lhis'water-pipe is extended in front of the pump G to some tank, as F, or other water-supply, from which it is pumped through the chamber 1, as described. I have not shown the supply-pipe leading to the pump G as used in such engines, since I provide other means for supplying the pipe with water, as hereinafter described.
I have illustrated my improvements in feedwater heaters in connection with an engine having the horizontally-disposed chamber I, as my improvements are readily attached thereto and are especially valuable in connection therewith, though my improvements may be employed in connection with ,an engine thatdoes not have the chamber I orany analogous water-heater.
In applying my improvements to an engine I employ a water-receptacle 5, which has a loosely-fitting cover and which may be located at any convenient place on the engine. Within the receptacle 5 there is a water-tight steam-drum 6, located near the bottom of the receptacle, and an exhaust-steam pipe 7 leads to this steam-drum from the exhaust of the 7 engine, which in the engine shown in the drawings is the heating-chamber I. Thisexhaust-steam pipe taps the steam-chamber I at itstop, so as to take therefrom chiefly, and so far as is possible only, the steam of the exhaust of the engine, from which the refuse oil or lubricant has been separated by falling to the bottom of the chamber I and from which it is blown out or discharged through the pipe K. In using my improvements in connection with an engine having this chamber I advantage is taken of the initial'or first separation of waste oil orlubricant from the steam in this chamber in the manner stated before the purer steam is led into the steam-drum 6. Where. sucha chamber as I is not on the engine, the exhaust-pipe 7 leads directly from the exhaust of the engine to the drum 6, and the separation of steam from the refuse oil and foreign matter must take place entirely within the drum 6, which in such case is preferably made larger in proportion than is shown in the drawings, and the separation is thereby satisfactorily accomplished. A wastepipe Sleads from near the bottom of the drum 6 through the wall of the receptacle 5 and is adapted to discharge the waste oil and residuum that has been separated from the steam in the drum. A water-supply pipe 9 leads from the supply-tank F into the receptacle 5 and through the drum 6, preferably near its upper portion, so as to get the maximum result from the steam entering and passing through the drum and is thence carried upwardly near to the top of the receptacle 5 and there terminates, so as to discharge freely into the receptacle. That portion of the water-supply pipe 9 that passes through the drum 6 is preferably considerably enlarged, as seen at 9, thereby providing an increased capacity or small reservoir with extended surface for cooling the steam by the contact of the steam in the drum 6 against this larger surface of the pipe, thus also cooling the oil and causing it to separate from the steam. In the drawings the tank F is shown for supplying water to the pipe 9, and a jet-pump L is shown for forcing the water through the pipe; but it will be understood that water for the receptacle 5 can be obtained from any other tank or reservoir or even from a stream of water or well, as opportunity permits, the water being pumped or carried to the receptacle through a pipe, as 9, by any means in common use. A steam discharge pipe 10 leads upwardly from the top of the drum 6 and is turned over and terminates in a plurality of downwardly-discharging pipes 10' 10. These discharge-pipes 10 10 have their mouths at such locality in the receptacle 5 as to be belowthe surface of the water therein, thus discharging their steam into the water, giving off its principal supply of heat and obviating any whistling or blowing of the exhaust. A hot-water-feed pipe 11 leads from the bottom of the receptacle 5 to the pump Gr,
and there leads into the pipe H, extending through the chamber I and into the boiler, so that the hot water can be pumped directly from the receptacle 5 into the boiler of the engine. A stop-cock 13 in the pipe 7 provides for shutting off the steam from the drum 6 when, if ever, the water in receptacle 5 becomes undesirably hot. When this cock 13 is closed, the exhaust-steam in chamber I must be discharged through pipe K into the smoke-stack. A drip-cock 14: is provided in the feed-pipe 11. I also preferably provide one or more steam-tight pipes 12 12, extending from end to end through the drum 6,which serve as dues for the free passage of water in the receptacle 5 through them, being adapted still further to reduce the temperature of the steam in the drum 6, aiding to insure the separation of the oil therefrom.
The resultof my improved construction is to heat the water before it goes into the boiler, to take off most of the back pressure on the engine, and to keep the boiler free from scale.
The pipe 10, to obviate any backing up of water into or through it, should have its bend above the surface of the water, and Fig. 2 of the drawings so far as it indicates otherwise (if at all) should not control what is most desirable in the construction.
\Vhat I claim as my invention is- 1. A feed-water heater, com prisinga waterreceptacle, water-pipes leading to and from the receptacle, a steam-drum in the receptacle near its bottom adapted to be entirely surrounded by water in the receptacle, an exhaust-steam pipe leading into the steam-drum, a steam-pipe leading upwardly from the drum and open in the receptacle above the drum but below the Water-line, and a water-discharge pipe leading from the drum.
2. An attachment to a portable engine comprising a water-receptable on and portable with the engine, a closed steam-drum in and substantially at the bottom of the receptacle,
' a pipe leading into the receptacle and into the drum near its top adapted to convey exhauststeam from the engine to the drum, a steamdischarge pipe leading from the drum at its top upwardly the pipe being recurved and open at its discharge end downwardly in the receptacle below the normal water-line therein, a waste-pipe leading from the drum at its bottom and discharging outside of the receptacle, a water-supply pipe leading into the receptacle and horizontally through the steamdrum and thence extending upwardly and discharging into the receptacle near its top, a water-discharge pipe leading from the receptacle at the bottom, and open fines or waterpassages through the drum horizontally for the free passage of water therethrough in the receptacle.
3. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-receptacle, pipes to supply and dischargethe water, a steam-drum of less size than the water-receptacle and located in the receptacle near its bottom, a steam-pipe leading to the drum, and a steam-discharge pipe leading from the drum upwardly and then downwardly and provided with a plurality of terminal pipes discharging downwardly into the receptacle below the water-line.
4.. In a feed-water heater, the combination of a water-receptacle, pipes leading to and from the water receptacle, a steamdrum smaller than and wholly within the receptacle, horizontally-disposed pipes in the steam-drum leading from end to end thereof forming fiues through which the water in the receptacle can circulate freely, a steam-supply pipe leading into the drum, a steam-discharge pipe leading from the drum and discharging into the receptacle below the water-line, and a residuum-discharge pipe leading from at or near the bottom of the drum.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
' ELON C. CURTIS.
\Vitnesses:
P. E. LE FEVRE, FRANK BoWE.
US621037D Feed-water heater Expired - Lifetime US621037A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US621037A true US621037A (en) 1899-03-14

Family

ID=2689645

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US621037D Expired - Lifetime US621037A (en) Feed-water heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US621037A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3324835A (en) * 1962-11-08 1967-06-13 Kernforschung Gmbh Ges Fuer Steam generator, particularly in circuits for nuclear reactors

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3324835A (en) * 1962-11-08 1967-06-13 Kernforschung Gmbh Ges Fuer Steam generator, particularly in circuits for nuclear reactors

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US621037A (en) Feed-water heater
US406512A (en) Feed-water heater
US586968A (en) Arthur graham glasgow
US623554A (en) Island
US599983A (en) Feed-water heater and purifier
US367839A (en) Feed-water heater
US1238187A (en) Feed-water-heating apparatus.
US237299A (en) Feed-water heater
US457157A (en) Feed-water purifier
US418428A (en) Condenser
US314521A (en) Feed-water heater for steam-boilers
US616431A (en) Boiler feed water heating apparatus
US445933A (en) Feed-water heater and purifier
US384538A (en) William oliphant
US548945A (en) Smoke purifier and consumer
US407141A (en) Feed-water heater and condenser
US865875A (en) Feed-water heater.
US439788A (en) mcgahan
US1092592A (en) Feed-water heater for steam-boilers.
US677798A (en) Heater.
US683440A (en) Feed-water heater and purifier.
US218446A (en) Improvement in feed-water heaters and condensers for steam-boilers
US720200A (en) Feed-water heater.
US694206A (en) Hot-water heating system.
US226068A (en) Purifying feed-water for boilers