US577593A - And homer d - Google Patents

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US577593A
US577593A US577593DA US577593A US 577593 A US577593 A US 577593A US 577593D A US577593D A US 577593DA US 577593 A US577593 A US 577593A
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leaves
hinge
spring
stud
open
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F1/00Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass
    • E05F1/08Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings
    • E05F1/10Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings for swinging wings, e.g. counterbalance
    • E05F1/12Mechanisms in the shape of hinges or pivots, operated by springs
    • E05F1/1284Mechanisms in the shape of hinges or pivots, operated by springs with a leaf or similar spring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/538Resiliently biased hinge
    • Y10T16/5384Over-center spring or linkage travel [e.g., "holdback hinge"]

Description

' (No Model.)

G. S. & H'. D. BRONSON.

SPRING HINGE;

No. 577,593. Patented Feb. 23, 1897.

WITNESSES INVENTORS UNITED STATES PATENT O FICE.

GEORGE s. BRON'SON'AND HOMER 1). BRONSON, OF BEACON FALLS, con NEOTIOUT, ASSIGNORS TO THE HOMER D. BRONSON COMPANY, oE

SAME PLACE.

SPRING-HINGE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 577,593, dated. February 23, 1897. Application filed October 21, 1896. Serial No- 609,488. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, GEORGE S. BRONSON and HOMER D.BRONSON, citizens of theUnited clare the following to be a full, clear, and exclosed position.

act description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

Our invention has for its object to provide a simple, inexpensive, and durable hinge adapted for general use and especially adapted for use as a desk-hinge or bag-hinge, and

' which may be so constructed and arranged that thespring will act "to throw the leaves of the hinge either to the open or to the closed posit-ion or to both the open and the closed positions, depending upon which side of a dead-center the leaves are carried.

, With these ends in view we have devised the novel hinge of which the following description, in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification, letters being used to designate the several parts.

Figure 1 is an elevation illustrating a form of our novel hinge in which the two leaves of the hinge are plates or strips of metal, as, for example, the jaw-frames of a traveling-bag, the parts of the hinge being formed integral with the plates; Fig. 2, a section illustrating a form of our. novel hinge adapted for general use, as, 'for example, a desk-hinge, an open position of the hinge being shown in full lines and an intermediate position in which the studs are in line with each other, and also the closed position being shown in dotted lines, this form differing from the form illustrated in Fig. 1 in that the bow of the spring extends in the opposite direction; Fig. 3, an edge view of the form of our novel hinge illustrated in Fig. 2, as seen from above insaid figure; Fig. 4, a section on the line as w in Fig. 3. the construction is such that the spring will act to throw the leaves either to the open or Fig. 5 is an elevation corresponding with Fig. 2 with the exception that the parts are so arranged-that the springwill act only to throw the leaves toward the open In this form of our novel hinge position, and Fig. 6 is an elevation corresponding with Fig. 2 with the exception that the parts are so arranged that the spring will act to throw the leaves only toward the closed position and that areverse hinge is shown.

A and B denote-hinge-leaves which lie parallel with each other, and O a plate which is secured parallel with the leaves at a slight distance therefrom by a central shouldered stud D, on which leaf B turns freely, and a stud E, which passes through an opening F in leaf B, both of said studs rigidly engaging leaf A and the plate. V

G denotes a stud extending outward from leaf B and into close proximity with the plate, but not in engagement therewith.

H denotes a bow-spring'having at its ends attaching-eyes K, one of which engages stud E and the other stud G.

It will be obvious from Fig. 2 that in the form illustrated in Figs. '1 to 4, inclusive, when the parts are placed in the intermediate position indicated in dotted lines, thatis, a position in which the three studs are in line with each other, the spring will have no action on the leaves. As soon, however, as.

the leaves are moved in either direction the springs will act to either open or close the leaves. For example,if the parts are moved from the intermediate position toward the closed position the spring will act to throw the leaves to the closed position, and if the parts are moved from the intermediate position toward the position shown in full lines, that is, the open position, the spring willinstantly act to, throw the leaves toward that position, the engagement of stud E with the 'end of opening F serving in either instance as a stop to limit the movement of the leaves, this opening being preferably made just long enough so, that when the leaves are in the closed position stud E will lie at one end of the opening and when atv the extreme open position stud E will lie at the other end of the opening.

The shape of the hinge-leaves is of course not of the essence of our invention, but the shape of the leaves may be varied to suit the special requirements of the use to which the hinge is to be placed, nor does it matter so far as the principle of our invention is concerned whether the bow of the spring extend in one direction or the other, that is, as in either Figs. 1 or 2.

Should the use to which the hinge is to be placed require such an arrangement that the action of the spring will be to throw the leaves to the open position, it is simply necessary to change the location of the opening and studs E and G to substantially the position shown in Fig. 5. It will be obvious that when the leaves in this form of our novel hinge are at the closed position the three studs will be approximately in line with each other, stud E lying at the end of opening F, as in the other form. The instant the leaves are moved toward the open position studs E and G will pass out of line with stud D and the spring will instantly act to throw the leaves toward the open position. The reverse of this is apparent in the form illustrated in Fig. 6. In this form the parts are so arranged that the spring will act only to throw the leaves toward the closed position, the studs being approximately in line with each other and stud E at one end of opening F'when the parts are in the open position, so that the instant the leaves are moved toward the closed position the spring will act to throw them to that position. 1

Having thus described our invention, we claim A hinge consisting of leaves lying parallel with each other and a plate lying parallel with the leaves and secured to one of said leaves by studs D and E, one of said leaves being pivoted on stud D and being provided with an openingthrough which stud E passes and with astud G and a bow-spring the ends of which are attached to studs E and G substantially as described.

In testimony whereof we affix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.

GEORGE S. BRONSON. HOMER D. BRONSON.

Witnesses:

JOHN F. BRONSON, D. C. BRoNsoN.

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3846868A (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-11-12 Acme General Corp Hinge for door with hollow stile
US3849835A (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-11-26 Acme General Corp Spring hinge for bifold doors
US4731904A (en) * 1987-07-13 1988-03-22 Sprague George W Spring system for stabilizing bifold door hinged positions
US5475897A (en) * 1992-12-11 1995-12-19 Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd. Car door hinge
US5638152A (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-06-10 Eastman Kodak Company Bi-directional spring device for opening and closing light shield of film cassette
EP1107091A2 (en) * 1999-11-30 2001-06-13 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Hinge structure and hinged electronic device
US20040088865A1 (en) * 2000-01-14 2004-05-13 Onion Kenneth J. Folding knife with safety lock
US20050097755A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-12 Galyean Timothy J. Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20050097754A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-05-12 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Dba Kershaw Knives Adjustable blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050132576A1 (en) * 2003-11-18 2005-06-23 Onion Kenneth J. Blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050229401A1 (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-20 Onion Kenneth J Locking mechanism for a folding knife
US20050241154A1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2005-11-03 Lake Ronald W Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20060123632A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2006-06-15 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US20060174490A1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2006-08-10 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20070068000A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2007-03-29 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Closable knife with opening mechanism
US7774939B1 (en) 2004-04-16 2010-08-17 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Stud-lock knife
US8161653B2 (en) 2007-11-12 2012-04-24 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding tool having a rotatable locking mechanism
US20140338120A1 (en) * 2010-02-18 2014-11-20 Lamplight Development, Llc Convertible Headboard Table Apparatus and Method of Use
WO2016081963A1 (en) * 2014-11-26 2016-06-02 Julius Blum Gmbh Assembly for spreading apart at least two hingedly interconnected door leaves
US10575631B2 (en) 2010-02-18 2020-03-03 Lamplight Development, Llc Convertible headboard table apparatus and method of use

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3849835A (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-11-26 Acme General Corp Spring hinge for bifold doors
US3846868A (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-11-12 Acme General Corp Hinge for door with hollow stile
US4731904A (en) * 1987-07-13 1988-03-22 Sprague George W Spring system for stabilizing bifold door hinged positions
US5475897A (en) * 1992-12-11 1995-12-19 Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd. Car door hinge
US5638152A (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-06-10 Eastman Kodak Company Bi-directional spring device for opening and closing light shield of film cassette
EP1107091A3 (en) * 1999-11-30 2006-03-22 Nokia Corporation Hinge structure and hinged electronic device
EP1107091A2 (en) * 1999-11-30 2001-06-13 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd. Hinge structure and hinged electronic device
US20040088865A1 (en) * 2000-01-14 2004-05-13 Onion Kenneth J. Folding knife with safety lock
US7340838B2 (en) 2000-01-14 2008-03-11 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Folding knife with safety lock
US7313866B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2008-01-01 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US7107686B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2006-09-19 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US20060123632A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2006-06-15 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US7140110B2 (en) 2003-06-04 2006-11-28 Lake Ronald W Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20050241154A1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2005-11-03 Lake Ronald W Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US7296355B2 (en) 2003-10-10 2007-11-20 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Adjustable blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050097754A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-05-12 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Dba Kershaw Knives Adjustable blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050097755A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-12 Galyean Timothy J. Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US7395599B2 (en) 2003-11-18 2008-07-08 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050132576A1 (en) * 2003-11-18 2005-06-23 Onion Kenneth J. Blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US7774939B1 (en) 2004-04-16 2010-08-17 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Stud-lock knife
US7506446B2 (en) 2004-04-16 2009-03-24 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Locking mechanism for a folding knife
US20050229401A1 (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-20 Onion Kenneth J Locking mechanism for a folding knife
US7458159B2 (en) 2004-11-12 2008-12-02 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20060174490A1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2006-08-10 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US8001693B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2011-08-23 Onion Kenneth J Closable knife with opening mechanism
US20070068000A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2007-03-29 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Closable knife with opening mechanism
US8161653B2 (en) 2007-11-12 2012-04-24 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding tool having a rotatable locking mechanism
US20140338120A1 (en) * 2010-02-18 2014-11-20 Lamplight Development, Llc Convertible Headboard Table Apparatus and Method of Use
US9289063B2 (en) * 2010-02-18 2016-03-22 Lamplight Development, Llc Convertible headboard table apparatus and method of use
US10575631B2 (en) 2010-02-18 2020-03-03 Lamplight Development, Llc Convertible headboard table apparatus and method of use
WO2016081963A1 (en) * 2014-11-26 2016-06-02 Julius Blum Gmbh Assembly for spreading apart at least two hingedly interconnected door leaves
CN107002439A (en) * 2014-11-26 2017-08-01 优利思百隆有限公司 For the configuration component for the door leaf expansion being hingedly connected to one another at least two
CN107002439B (en) * 2014-11-26 2019-03-05 优利思百隆有限公司 The configuration component of door leaf expansion for being hingedly connected to one another at least two
US10400493B2 (en) 2014-11-26 2019-09-03 Julius Blum Gmbh Assembly for spreading apart at least two hingedly interconnected door leaves

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