US570828A - Circular cutter - Google Patents

Circular cutter Download PDF

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US570828A
US570828A US570828DA US570828A US 570828 A US570828 A US 570828A US 570828D A US570828D A US 570828DA US 570828 A US570828 A US 570828A
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teeth
cutter
series
plane
body portion
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/02Jaw crushers or pulverisers
    • B02C1/10Shape or construction of jaws
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9372Rotatable type
    • Y10T83/9396Shear type

Description

J. D TRACY. 0130mm CUTTER.

Patented Nov. 3, 1896;

l n N.

y M u x UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JOHN D. TRACY, OF STERLING, ILLINOIS.

CIRCULAR CUTTER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 570,828, dated November 3, 1896.

Application filed eptember 6,1895. Serial No. 561,661. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOHN D. TRACY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Sterling, in the county of W'hiteside and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Circular Cutters, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to circular cutters adapted more especially for use in connection with machines for shredding, cutting, or comminuting fodder and similar materials; and it has for its object to provide an improved and more efficient cutter; and to these ends it consists in a cutter having the features of construction substantially as more particularly hereinafter set forth.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a front elevation of a section of a cutter-shaft with a series of cutters mounted thereon. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of one of the cutters. Fig. 3 is a front elevation, and Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of a modification.

The cutters, which are duplicates of each other, are made of any suitable material, but preferably of steel or similar metal, and are stamped, cut, or otherwise formed in any desired manner. The cutter Acomprises, essentially, a body portion 1, provided at its periphery with a series of projecting teeth 2. These teeth may be of any desired contour, but, as shown, their inner edges 3 are straight and are at an angle to the radii of the cutter, while their outer edges 4 are curved, and these two edges converge to form the points 5 of the teeth. The edges of the cutterteeth are formed flat, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, but they may be sharpened upon one or both edges, as illustrated in Fig. 4, and while the edges 3 are preferably formed straight they may be either concave or convex, as indicated in dotted lines, Fig. 2, and these and other details of construction may be varied to suit the wishes of the user for the purposes for which the cutters are used.

One of the essential features of my invention consists in the arrangement of the cutter-teeth 2, and it will be seen that some of the teeth are arranged in lines or in a plane with the body portion of the cutter, while others are bent to one side or the other of the plane of the cutter-body, extending at difierent angles thereto, sothat their cutting edges or points are in different planes, which planes are parallel to the plane of the cutter-body. As shown, the teeth are spaced equidistantly and are in two series, each series being a dupliea'te of' the other and each series occupying one-half of the circumference of the body portion of the cutter. In some instances,however, more especially incutters of larger diameter, the number of series of teeth maybe increased, as well as the number of teeth in each series; but each series will occupy an integral portion of the circumference of the cutter-body, and the teeth are arranged in substantially the same relation to each other in each series. In the present instance there are five teeth in each series, the teeth of each series being lettered, respectively, a: y z y z, and the teeth of the corresponding shape or position are arranged opposite each other in pairs. Thus the teeth to w project in a straight line or plane from the periphery of the body portion of the cutter on diametrically opposite sides thereof. The teeth y y project at an angle to the face of said body portion on diametrically opposite sides thereof, but in the same direction, so that their points are in a plane parallel to the plane of the body portion. The teeth .2 .2 project at an angle to the opposite faceof said body portion on diametrically opposite sides thereof, so that their points are in a plane parallel to the plane of the body portion, but on the side opposite from the teeth y. The teeth y y project at a greater angle to the body portion of the cutter than the teeth y y, but in the same direction, so that their points are in a plane parallel to but at a greater distance from the plane of the body portion than the teeth y y, and the teeth z'e project at an angle from the body portion in the same direction as the teeth .2, but to a y 'y z .2, respectively, and these planes are indicated by the dotted lines, Fig. 3, having letters corresponding to the teeth.

It will thus be seen that the point of each tooth of each series rotates in its own indi- The planes of the teeth y y z z are IOO vidual plane and that all these planes are parallel to each other, so that the cutting or shredding action will be in lines or planes parallel with the motion of the cutter.

In the arrangement of the cutter teeth around the periphery of the body portion of the cutter, as shown in the drawings, the tooth 00 of one series is diametrically opposite the corresponding tooth of the other series, and the tooth y of one series is opposite the tooth y in the other series, and both the teeth y project on the same side of the cutter, While the teeth .2 are diametrically opposite each other and both project on the same side of the cutter, but on the side opposite from the teeth y. The same is true of the relative relations of the teeth y and z, and the same would be true of the other teeth of the series if there were more employed, and in this way I insure a perfectly-balanced cutter, which will make aseries of cuts, the central one being in the plane of the body portion of the cutter and the others in a plane to one side or the other thereof, and in this way all tendency to crowd the material being operated upon is avoided. These cutters may be mounted or supported in any desirable manner, and I have indicated in Fig. 1 one way of arranging them, there being a shaft 9, having a feather 10, fitting a recess 8 in the central opening 7 of the cutter, and interposed between the cutters are blocks or separators 12, and all are held together in any suitable way, as by a screw-threaded nut 13. In this figure it will be seen that the cutters are arranged at equal distances from each other and all the teeth a; are in substantially the same radial plane, and this is the preferred arrangement; but it is evident that, if desired, the cutters can be arranged in different relations to each other and the straight teeth a: may be in different radial planes, there being a number of recesses 8 formed in the opening 7, to permit the cutters to be thus arranged. This cutterhead, with the cutters, may be used in connection with any ordinary or desired form of machine and I have not deemed it necessary to show herein such a machine.

From the above it will be seen that my improved cutter-head can be readilymade and that it possesses great advantage over the ordinary cutter-heads heretofore used, and while I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment it will be evident that the details of construction and arrangement of parts may be varied by those skilled in the art Without departing from the spirit of my invention.

What I claim is 1.' A circular cutter comprising a body portion and a number of series of teeth arranged around the periphery thereof, a portion of the teeth of each series extending in the plane of the cutter-body and other teeth of each series will extending alternately on opposite sides of said plane, substantially as described.

2. Acircular cutter, comprisinga body portion and a number of series of teeth arranged around the periphery thereof, a portion of the teeth of each series extending in the plane of the body portion of the cutter, and other teeth of each series extending alternately upon opposite sides of and at different distances from said plane, substantially as described.

3. A circular cutter, comprisinga body portion and a number of series of teeth arranged around the periphery thereof, a portion of the teeth of each series extending in the plane of the body portion of the cutter, while others extend alternately upon opposite sides of and at difierent distances from said plane, the distances between the planes of the points of said teeth being equal, substantially as described.

4:. A circular cutter, comprising a body portion and a number of series of teeth arranged around the periphery thereof, a portion of the teeth of each series extending in the plane of the body portion of the cutter, and others extending alternately on opposite sides of and at different distances from said plane, the teeth of one series being arranged diametrically opposite the similar teeth of the other series, substantially as described.

5. A circular cutter, comprising a body portion provided at its periphery with a successively-recurring series of teeth, a portion of the teeth of each series extending in the plane of the cutter-body, while others extend alternately upon opposite sides of and at different distances from said plane, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

JOHN D. TRACY.

\Vitnesses:

W. A. BROWN, N. R. ROUND.

ICO

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2584262A (en) * 1949-11-15 1952-02-05 Sr Boyd E De Lamater Rotary cutter
US2691933A (en) * 1950-04-01 1954-10-19 Carl A Emerson Soil pulverizer
US3621922A (en) * 1970-05-08 1971-11-23 Jacob O Hinken Rolling fender
US5160095A (en) * 1992-01-09 1992-11-03 Mono Pumps Limited Macerators
US20070175644A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2007-08-02 Trygve Skolness Crust fracturing implement
US20070215366A1 (en) * 2006-03-20 2007-09-20 Cnh America Llc Seedbed conditioning vertical tillage apparatus
US20160014951A1 (en) * 2013-03-08 2016-01-21 Väderstad-Verken Ab Disk device for an agricultural machine

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2584262A (en) * 1949-11-15 1952-02-05 Sr Boyd E De Lamater Rotary cutter
US2691933A (en) * 1950-04-01 1954-10-19 Carl A Emerson Soil pulverizer
US3621922A (en) * 1970-05-08 1971-11-23 Jacob O Hinken Rolling fender
US5160095A (en) * 1992-01-09 1992-11-03 Mono Pumps Limited Macerators
US20070175644A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2007-08-02 Trygve Skolness Crust fracturing implement
US7624814B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2009-12-01 Trygve Skolness Crust fracturing implement
US20100038102A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2010-02-18 Trygve Skolness Crust Fracturing Implement
US7753133B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2010-07-13 Trygve Skolness Crust fracturing implement
US20070215366A1 (en) * 2006-03-20 2007-09-20 Cnh America Llc Seedbed conditioning vertical tillage apparatus
US7640995B2 (en) * 2006-03-20 2010-01-05 Cnh America Llc Seedbed conditioning vertical tillage apparatus
US20160014951A1 (en) * 2013-03-08 2016-01-21 Väderstad-Verken Ab Disk device for an agricultural machine
US10398073B2 (en) * 2013-03-08 2019-09-03 Väderstad-Verken Ab Disk device for an agricultural machine

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