US565962A - Signments - Google Patents

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US565962A
US565962A US565962DA US565962A US 565962 A US565962 A US 565962A US 565962D A US565962D A US 565962DA US 565962 A US565962 A US 565962A
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keys
wheels
key
drawer
wheel
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07GREGISTERING THE RECEIPT OF CASH, VALUABLES, OR TOKENS
    • G07G1/00Cash registers

Description

(No Model.) 7 sheets-sheet 1. L. COQNEY, JI.
GAsH REGISTER.
No. 565.962. Patented Aug. 18, 1896.
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(No M6661.) 7 sumssheen 2. L. OOONEY, Jr. CASH REGISTER.
616.666.962. Patented Aug. 16, 1696.
(No Model.) l 7 sheets-sheet a.
L. COONEY, Jr.
. CASH REGISTER.
No. 565,962. Patented Aug. 18, 1896.
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(No Model.) 7 Sheets-Sheet 4.
y L. COONEY, Jr. CASH REGISTER.
No. 565,962. Patented Aug. 18, 1896.
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(No Model.) 7 Sheets-Sheet 5.
L. GOUNBY, Jr. CASH REGISTER No. 565,962. Patented Aug. 18, 1896.
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With @5555i (No Model.) Y 6 7 Sheets-Sheet 6.
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CASH REGISTER. N6. 666,962. Patented Aug. 16, 1666.
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(No Model.) y 7 sheets-Sheet -TA L. COONEY, J1".
CASH REGISTER. A
No. 665,962. Patented Aug. 18, 1896.
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UNITED STATESl -vPATENT OFFICE.
LUKE cooNEY, JR., oEkALAIvIfAZoo, MICHIGAN, AssIGNoR, BY MEsNE AssIeNMENTs, To jvERNoN T. RARKER, TRUSTEE, oE sAME PLACE.
CASH-REGISTER.
SPECIFICA'TIoNrOmIEg part of Lettersraent No. 565,962,61atea'August 1s, 1896. VApplication filed May 28, 18M. i Serial No. 512,819. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern; y
Be it knownn that I, LUKE COONEY, J r., a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of Kalamazoo, in the county of Kalamazoo and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cash- Registers, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to a new departure in the construction of cash registers and indicators, andrelates more particularly to those machines which indicate the amountof transactions by the operation of numbered keys throwing up numbered indicators to the view of the purchasers and registering the'amounts inside.
The objects of my invention are, iirst, to dispense with the use of all sprin gs in the important parts of the machine, the objection to springs being that they soon lose their tension and the machine consequently rapidly wears out. My machine makes use of the action of gravity instead of the action of springs. This is more positive, durable, and practicable, does away with all toggle-joints, and enables a construction which is lighter and easier to operate;
My second object is to provide various improvements in connection with' the operation of the keys to prevent fraudulent or improper manipulation of the same; and itconsists in an improved device for compelling each key when it is started to go through an entire movement,so that it shall register the amount, and also to improved means of preventing the operation of two keys in the same section at the same time; also, to provide improved means of preventing the operation of any key other than the one depressed when the drawer is open, and to prevent the operation of any key other than the one started after the drawer is open, and prevent the operation of that one again as soon as its work is done; and I do this not by locking the keys, but by locking the pawls, as locking the keys would prevent the ret-urn of the key last operated to its normal position; Third, to provide an improved drawerlock and release which shall be easy of operation, not jerking or requiring extraordinary pressure on the key in effecting the release. lFourth, to provide improved adding and registering devices which shall register all of the amounts indicated in total sums, the device being so constructed that it will register the sum in various sections and add the total sums thereof to the sum already registered, no matter when the keys are operated, whether simultaneously or successively. Fifth, to provide improved means, in connection with the keys, of compelling them to register their proper amounts upon theregistering device and stop it absolutely as soon as the sum is registered, thus preventing sudden blows upon the keys throwing the registering mechanism beyond the point required, making it positive. Sixth, to provide a new and improved means whereby the sum of a short period-as business done for a day-is registered, and also the amounts from a given date through a longer time on another distinct adder, the two registering devices being so constructed that they work simultaneously 'and alike in making their registrations, but
the movement in turning back the register for the short period to zero orany other point at any time to begin a new days business, or for any other reason, will have no effect upon the register for the longer term. Seventh, to provide improved means of ringing a bell or striking an alarm when the drawer is open, and also to provide means of giving an alarm when the drawer is closed, thus indicating the time of beginning the transaction and the time of closing the drawer after a transaction is completed.
I also call attention to the fact that one great aim and object of my invention is to make a cash register and indicator so that the principle upon which it works makes the construction of the same durable, practicable, and uncomplicated; and the workings of any or all the parts, either alone or together, make it impossible for mistakes to occur while the machine is being operated for the purpose for which it is intended; and in order to accom 95 plish such perfection in a cash-register (which has so long and earnestly been lookedfor) I take gravity as the principle to work upon, thereby doing away'with springs, as all registers to date depend on springs to do impor- IOO tant and diihcult work. I claim that to be one of the main reasons why absolutely perfeet work cannot be done at all times by them. Springs are very liable and from their nature will lose their tension by use; and they are not able to perform their work the same as they did when new or little used, and the imperfect work on their part causes other parts to do imperfect work, and therefore the reg ister as a whole is imperfect and oftentimes useless.
I accomplish these objects by the mechanism shown in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l represents a top plan view of my improved machine, the upper outer casing above being removed. Fig. 2 represents a side elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the same with part of the lower casing broken away to show the details of construction in the drawer. Fig. 4 is a sectional view on line t fl of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the little arrows,a portion of the drawer being broken away to show its locking and releasing mechanism. Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail of the rear end of one of the keys,its guide, detent, stops, and means for preventing the operation of the keys when the draweris open. Fig. G is a View of the same in section show* ing the pawlj` in a different position. Fig. 7 is a sectional view through a portion of the machine on a plane corresponding to line 7 7 of Fig. 5, looking in the direction of the little arrows. Fig. 8 is an enlarged detail sectional view, being the full size of the actual machine, of the indicator-wheels of the total adder and register, taken on line 8 8 of Fig. 9. Fig. 9 is an enlarged sectional view of one of the wheels, drawn on line 9 9 of Fig. S, looking in the direction of the little arrows. Fig. 10 is a sectional view on line 9 9 of Fig. 8, looking in the opposite direction of the little arrows, sh owing the details of one of the wheels. Fig. 11 is a sectional view of the daily or short-period adder and register for adding the sums of the days business, taken on line 11 11 of Fig. 12. Fig. 12 is a sectional view on line 12 12 of Fig. 11, looking in the direction of the little arrows. Fig. 13 is an inverted plan view in detail of the bell mechanism. Fig. 14 shows a detail view of the brake or drag which prevents the adding mechanism being thrown beyond the points desired. Fig. 15 is a detail view on line 15 15 of Fig. 16, showing the method of actuating the adding and registering mechanism by means of the movement of the keys. Fig. 16 is a sectional view on line 16 16 of Fig. 15, showing the graduating mechanism for operating the indicator. Fig. 17 is a view in perspective of a portion of the shaft and graduated arms shown in Fig. 1G.
Similar letters of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
The parts of my invention are all supported on or in the base portion A. The indicator- Slides G are supported in a vertical position indicated.
in suitable guides at the back of the machine and are actuated by the keys D, which are pivoted at DH and project toward the back of the machine, and each of the keys engages one of the indicator-slides under its lower end, and when the key is depressed it acts as a lever fulcrumed on the rod D and raises the indicator-slide G, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 4.
To the rear of the machine is suspended a bar K by upwardly-projecting arms at cach end, where it is pivoted to the slides of the case B and in a central line through the upper part of the'indicator-slides G. To the rear of each indicator-slide G is a slight catch K', formed either by cutting anotch or placing a small lug on the slide. The underside of the bar K is beveled, so that any key will pass its corresponding slide G up easily by it. Vhen one of the keys D is depressed, it will raise its corresponding slide G, which will return to the bar K, which engages in the catch K. When another key is struck up, it, in passing under the bar K, will raise it out slightly, so that it will release all of the keys held by the bar K and allow them to fall while it is raised up, and will thus be engaged by the bar K on its notch K', and so will show the appropriate -number at the opening at the top, as is common with such devices, (the numbers not here being shown, because they are very familiarly known by those skilled in the art of constructing cashregisters.) This shows the method ot' retaining each indicator in place when it is raised up and shows how the others are allowed to fall. The bar K, being allowed to hang down, cannot be permanently displaced no matter how quickly the keys are moved, but will drop back and engage the indicator-slide last raised, besides allowing the others to fall. A device similar to this is described in my application 'filed February 24, 1894, Serial No. 501,361, but this is an improvement thereon and will be so referred to in the speciiication.
All of the various parts of the mechanism of my improved device are operated by means of the keys D, pivoted at D", by their connections, the same as said keys D operate the indicator-slides, which devices and the method of their operation by the keys I will now point out more in detail.
The keys D of my improved device are divided into three groups, the first being the one, two, three, and four cent keys, the second group consisting of the keys marked 5, 10, 15, dac., up to 95 cents, and the third group of keys marked 1, 2, 3, rbc., up to 10 dollars. The keys of each group operate independently to actuate the indicators substantially as Ihave already On each key D, toward its inner end, a depending curved segment portion of the same thickness D is attached, which I prefer to call a trailer, and it will be hereinafter referred to in this specification as a It is, however, prefertrailer to the key.
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ably made integral with the key and is a part of the key.
The keys D are suitably guided at the rear of the machine between the curved plates R, which are intended to serve as guides for the keys, and also for other purposes which will be hereinafter stated. To the lower part of these plates R and toward the front of the machine from them, as will appear in Figs. 5 and 6, is a projection with a transverse mortise therethrough. In each of these mortises a substantially triangular-shaped piece of metal Rl (see Fig. 7) is placed, the lower end of which corresponds to the apex of the triangle and rests in a little notch or depression c', and the base of the triangle points upward and is hollowed out to receive the little pins r, which are inserted through the mortises and through this upper hollowedout portion to retain the triangular parts R in position and allow them to tip from side to side in the notches fu. The keys D are adapted to pass up between these parts R'. The parts are so constructed that when a key is moved up between them it and the trailer to the key crowd them to either side and pass up and the width of the bodies R is suficient to take up all of the remaining space and allow but a single key to pass at a time. Thus it will be readily seen that a single key D in passing up will close the passages for all of the remaining keys in its section, because this device is divided into sections, the same as the keys. Thus it will be seen that if one of the keys in the iirst group, consisting of one-cent, two-cent,threecent, and four-cent, be depressed, it will be impossible to depress any other key in that group and at the same time one of the iivecent to ninety-iive-cent group may be depressed and only one for the same reason; and so, also, from one-dollar to ten-dollar group, it thus being impossible to depress but a single key of each group. The trailers D serve to guide the keys back between the triangles in addition to their other functions.
To the rear end of the machine, as l stated before, are the guide-plates R to hold these locking devices, which allow only one key to pass at a time. The end of the key D projects back through between the plates R to a little distance, and to each key is pivoted the gravity pawlj, and the backs of the plates R are each formed into curved racks j', of peculiarly-constructed angular teeth with a little open space at each end. The line of curvature of the racks is a circle having for its center the center of the rod D', on which the keys are pivoted.
By referring to Figs. 4, 5, and 6, it will be readily seen, when the key D is lifted up, as it will be in starting from its normal position, that the gravity-pawl will assume the position indicated in Fig. 6, and will engage with the rack j', so that after the rear end of a key has been started to be raised it cannot be depressed until it has gone the full length of its j" and retains them.
stroke, when the open space at the upper end of the rack allows the weight j" on the pawl to drop it and retain it in the opposite direction, when the pawl j will assume the position indicated in Fig. 5, and will retain the key as soon as it starts down and prevent its being returned upward until the end of the pawl passes into the space at the bottom of the rack j', when the key will have completed its stroke, and of course the operation can again be repeated; but it will be seen that this simple device makes it impossible, after a key has started upward, to return it until it has gone the full stroke, and it is also impossible to raise it to the top again after it has started down far enough so that the pawl passes onto the rack j' until its downward stroke is completed, thus making it absolutely necessary to give a key a full stroke when it is started in order to operate the device. This, in connection with the parts R located as I have above described, it will be seen, makes it necessary on starting any key in a group to operate it a full stroke before another key can be operated in that group.
To the rear of the machine is suspended at N the bar N, (see Figs. 4 and 5,) which is substantially opposite to the lower ends of the racks j. An arm or arms N project down into the base of the machine to be engaged by the drawer at the rear end when it is closed. (See Fig. 4L.) When the drawer L is closed, it presses against the arms N and swings the bar N out a little way toward the rear of the machine. When the draweris open, the bar drops to the position indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 4, vwhich brings it close to the pawl'y at the bottom of the rack j. It will thus be seen, when the drawer is open, that any attempt to depress a key with the drawer in that position will be prevented by the rear end j" of the pawl striking against the bar N while the front end j is engaged with the first tooth on the rack j. Then the drawer is closed, the bar N is moved into the position indicated by the full lines in Fig. 4, and it is possible to operate any of the keys while the drawer is closed in that position. As will be seen later on, the depressing a key causes the drawer to open, but the drawer does not open until the pawlj has passed the tooth-bar N. Vhen it passes up to the end of its stroke, the pawl j assumes the reverse of the position indicated in Fig. 5 and will then pass down by the bar N, and it will be impossible to operate that key again, or any of the keys, until the drawer has been closed, for the reason that the bar N engages the rear of the pawls If for any reason it is desirable to have the keys operate freely when the drawer is open, as, for instance, where it is not desired to use the money-drawer at all, but simply to use the indicating device, keeping the money in another place, the bother of closing the drawer each time is saved by the following means: The lever c is pivoted at d tothe. front .part of the side of the case B, and
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is connected by the connecting-rod c', having a slot c", to the lever c at d', and by moving the lever back the connection c' pushes back and holds the bar N away from the keys permanently, so that the pawls move ireely.
The money-drawe r L is located in the lower portion of the ease of the base A, and may be provided with any ot' the usual anti'lriction means for allowing' it to open freely. To the rear oi" the drawer (see Figs. 3 and is located an ordinary elliptic spring M, whchis attached to the back oi' the ease and is compressed by the drawer when it is closed, and when the drawer is released throws it open with an even pressure.
Pivoted to the upper part of the base A at 71/ is a lever L', which projects to the rear of the case and when the drawer is closed engages the rear side oi? the drawer on the inner side and holds it in position. On the rear end o'l the lever situated a small antili'riction-roller To the front end ol. the lever L .is pivoted the upwardly-prejecting square :rod F". A bail E is pivoted to the sides ol:` the case .B at a and passes around the i'ront olf the ease under the keys in close proximity thereto. This bail rests upon the top or head ot' the square rod lll. The bail E is enlarged at E toward the rear of the mach in e to weight it, so that it will always tend to raise `up in contact with the keys on the under side to the front of the machine. .lust inside the drawer to the rear is a small block i', curved into a circle with its center at centeroi' pivot at t when the drawer is closed. The antiifriction-roller i, at the end of the `lever L', rests against this curved block i". It will thusbe seen that whenever any oi' the keys l) are depressed, they will press lupon the bail E, which rests upon the upwardly-projecting rod F, whiehwill be carried down and raise the rear end otl the lever L' up, and the anti,- friction-roller passes over the curved block fz, against which .it rests s'o easilythat the increased work due toits motion is hardly perceptible on the keys. lVhen the lever and antiiriction-roller i' are raised to the position indicated by dotted lines, they no longer retain the drawer against the spring M. Thus it opens with a strong even pressure. As is mentioned above, when the drawer opens the bar N, being released by the drawer being removed from the arms i, drops down to engage the pawls at the rear of the keys and so prevents their operation when the drawer is open.
To the under side oil' the top oit' the base A is attached a plate O, (see detail in Fig. 15 and position ol' parts in Figs. f5 and 4,) which carries a bell or alarm O. To the plate O is also pivoted the block it', which carries the hammer which strikes against the bell. The hammer is suspended on a spring'. A stop 71"/ causes it to stop at a little distance from the bell, depending on the weight ol' thehammer overcoming the tension ot' the spring to strike the bell.
The block fw is held in contact with the stop w ntnfmally by the spring a". A trip-lever l is pivoted to the block u' and a stop F prevents its swinging in one direction and it is allowed to swing ireel y in the opposite direction on the stop P. It will thus be seen that the motion in either dire tion ot" the outer end cl3' the lever F operates the block fw always in the same direction and so aetuates the hammer in exactly the same direction, no matter which way the lever is operated. The lever P projects into the palh oli' the stop e, which projects from the upper side of the drawer. It will. thus be seenthat when the drawer moves it will engage the stop when moving in either d ireetion and cause the bell to ring both when closing and when opening, the lever P yielding to allow the stop to pass in either direction. ll'hen the drawer moves in one direction, it 'lfulerumson the stop P. \Vhenitmoves in the other direction, it swings on the pivot ol the block zu, (.)l course this bell-ringing device canbe considerably varied without departing lfrom my invention.
Having thus pointed ont how the operation of the keys throws n p the indicator, how the drawer is operated, how the keys el a section are automatically locked when one ot' the seetions is moved, how they are compelled to make a com plete evolution whenever si arized, how releasing the drawer I u'evcnts the operation oi' any keys al'ter it is open, how the drawerrelease is operated, and how the alarm .is given, l will now proceed. to describe the adding and registering mechanism, which, as l said bel'ore, is also operated by means ol.` the keys. Through the sides ot' the case l, extending transversely across the keys, is the shaft C. ().n this sha-ift U, extending lengthwise opposite each section, is a sleeve e, wh ich revolves on said sha'l't. At some point on the sleeve oi each section is located a gear-wluml l, which is loosely mounted on the sleeve c, which revolves ireel y on the sleeve and permits oit the rocking of the sleeve c Awithout necessarily moving the wheel still l'urther7 as will be seen from referring to the prior description. There are three sections ot' ,keys to this machine, and consequently there are three sleeves and three gear-wheels I, `which are all constructed the same, with the exception that one indicates cents, the other ,live cents, and the other a dollar in each gradatitm.
My ,improved device accomplishes the result oi' adding' together and indicating a t one point on the machine the aggregate ol' all the sums indicated and registered by the keys in whichever group they occur. The gearwheels I mesh with the gear-wheels l), which are located on a shai't (l, parallel with the shai't C and supported in the same way. They also mesh with the gear-wheels y, which are located on a shaft (Y, which is also parallel with the shaft C and simporl'ed in the same way. To the sleeve c ol" each section are keyed arms ll ll', one :li'or each key ol:` the section. These arms lil are atl'iufhed so that ICO ITO
the ends of them will be at different heights and are adapted to be engaged by the keys D. During their motion the lowest of the arms H may rest upon the key or some other suitable stop. These arms H, being arranged at different heights, will be operated by the keys different distances, depending on the time or distance the key operates and carries them. Those highest up will be carriedv the shortest time and distance. Thus it will be seen that operating the one-cent key, for instance, will strike one of the arms H of that section high up and turn it a distance far enough to move the register mechanism to indicate that one cent has been added.
The two-cent key in the same section willrock the sleeve c twice as far, the three-cent key three times as far, and the four-cent key four times as far, that being all the keys in that section. ln the next section thefive-cent key, being depressed, will, through striking the highest arm H of that section, register five cents, and so on through. When the sleeves e. are thus operated, the pawl y on one of the arms H next to the wheel I will engage with it and rotate the Wheel the distance correspondingto the number indicated on the key. The weights of the arms H of each section return them to the normal position after actuation. The wheels l in each case, being thus rotated, will actuate the wheels with which they are in mesh the same proportionate distances. A
The wheels I) are each secured to the sleeves T, extending along the shaft C, and being so constructed will rotate the register-wheels at the opposite ends of said sleeves T, or anywhere on said sleeves, thus making it possible to locate the registering-wheels of the adder or register in. close proximity to eachV It will thus be seen that the operationV other. of keys in each section will operateseparately their appropriate register-wheels Q, Q', or Q2. The sums on the loWer Wheel Q, when they reach the highest amount to be registered on wheel Q, and the total is suflicient to be registered on the ,next higher Wheel Q', are transferred to that wheel, and when the sums on Q have increased sufficiently to make it necessary to register in the next series, Q2, it will be transferred to that, and when Q2 has registered its full amount that will be transferred to a still higher scale, Q2, and so on so far as it may be desired to extend a series. This transfer of the register and the adding from one wheel to the next are accomplished by means of a device indicated in Figs. 8, 9, and l0. On the sides of the wheels Q Q Q2 toward the next higher order are located small antifriction-rollers m. On the same sleeve T by which the indicator-wheels B are operated, there are ratchet-Wheels Z, which ratchetwheels Z are adapted to operate in the same direction which the register-wheels operate. To the cross casing or strip B' (which affords support also for the indicator-slides) are attached small blocks t, (see Figs. S and 9,) to
each of which is pivoted a small lever t', and
to this is attached the small gravity-pawl t", which engages the notches of the ratchetwlieels Z, which are adapted to move the Wheel one stop at a time. During the revolution of the wheel Q, for instance, it, in passing around, will bring the small antifrictionroller m in contact with the levert', (see dotted lines in Fig. 9,) and in moving by will actuateJ the pawl t" sufficient to move the wheel Q' one notch or one space. As will be seen on examination, the movement of this wheel Q half-way around should register five cents, but on the wheel Q there is only indicated one cent, two cents, three cents, and four cents, and the five-cent items are indicated on the wheel Q'. A full movement of the notch on the wheel Q' indicates an increase of ive cents. Thus it will be seen that the rotation of the Wheel Q one space after four cents has been registered will actuate the wheel Q' one space, which will register four cents and one cent, which equals five cents. The Wheel Q', after it registers its amounts up to ninety-five cents, on receiving another impulse will cause it, through its roller m, to actuate the wheel Q2 one space, which will register one dollar. Then the wheel Q2 has registered up to forty dollars in this case, or any convenient number, it transfers by its movement, in substantially the same way, onto the wheel Q2, all making a train of Wheels from the 4lowest number recorded up. Now, it will be seen that each register-wheel Q, Q', and Q2 is connected directly with its appropriate section and numbered so that each one of these register-wheels is operated by the keys in its section and by the registerwheel of its next lower section when a sufiicient 4sum is accumulated and the total sum 'from the highest wh eel Q2, which is controlled by the keys directly, vis transferred to a still higher wheel Q2, thus operating another by the revolution of the wheel Q2 and its stop m. )Vheels corresponding to wheel Q3, as l said before, can be added there indenitely.
lt will be noted that when the wheel Q passes it acts through its antifriction-roller m against the lever t', (see dotted lines in Fig. 9,) and as soon as it does its work the spring n returns the pawl t" to the point of beginning ready for the action of the next revolution of the wheel or partial revolution thereof, as the case may be. Now, in this connection, I desire to say that all of the rollers m (which need not be of the same size) are not adapted to strike the levers t' at the same relative position of the keys of the different sections, but are placed so that when the keys are ac- TCO IIS
tuated together they will operate successively the rollers m of the wheel Q and actuate the pawl t" and the Wheel Q' at different times than the keys will actuate the wheel Q' directly, thus making it possible to depress two of the keys at the same time and have both sums added and indicated in the registering mechanism. This is also facilitated by the different sections having different weights, which will tend to insure a slightly different operation which will cause them to actuate the parts correctly. Thus it will be seen that when, for instance, the ene-cent key, the iive-cent key, and the one-dollar key are depressed at the same time, they will be all registered on the mechanism, ne matter what position the registering device may be in, $1.06, the full sum indicated by it from the keys, and that, for instance, if $9.00 be registered and the one-cent key be depressed, the total sum', amounting to ten dollars, will be transferred through the entire train of wheels Q Q Q2 and be registered, and it is also true, from the coi'istruetion I have shown and indicated, that if $8. 9i were indicated in the register and the one-dollar key and the five-cent key and the one-cent key were depressed all at the same time that sum would be registered on the wheel Q2 as $10.00. This'device, it will be seen, makes it possible to locate the peripheries of the indieator-.y wheels close together side by side and transfers the amounts in a very simple and convenient manner from the wheel bea-ring the lowest numbers to the wheel bearing the highest, and the ratchets in connection with these wheels prevent their being returned to indicate less amounts than they otherwise would, and trains of wheels similar to the wheel Q3 can be added and indicate sums into the millions with very little additional expense.
On the wheels I, which are actuated directly bythe operation of the keys against the arms Il, I place little drags er brakes S', held to each side of the wheel on the bar S, the tension being put onto the two pieces to secure the proper friction bythe small screw .la As I called attention before, the wheels g also mesh with the wheels I. To these wheels g are attached sleeves U, and to the sleeves U are also attached wheels P P P2, corresponding to wheels Q Q Q2, and as these wheels mesh through the intermediate gear-wheel I with the wheels Q Q Q2, each of these wheels will be actuated the same as its corresponding wheel Q Q Q2, no matter how the wheels Q Q' Q2 may be actuated, whether directly by the keys or the lower wheels in the scale, and will register the same for all amounts, thus making the register at the start a duplicate register. The objects of this additional register are to accomplish the result of registering' the amounts of each days transactions, or other short period, and so these wheels P P P2 are so constructed that they may be moved around to the zero or other position for a new start atrthe beginning of each term of business. This is accomplished by means of the ratchet-wheel u and the pawl u, the wheels P P P2 being adapted to rotate freely on the sleeves in the direction permitted by the ratchet, but will be carried along by the rotation ot' the ratchet-wheel u, which is xed to the sleeve U, thus actuating the register-wheels P P P2 onward in one direction, and at the beginning of each days or periods business each wheel can be moved to the zero-point and registers the amount et' cash taken in during that day or period, thus making the machine effective to register total sums for a great number of days or possibly years business, depending on the capacityr ol' the first adder, what l call the duplicate adder registering the total sums, and. the lower or daily adder registering for short periods.
In my improved device, to insure accuracy and a positive motion of the registering meehanism, I place against each section oif keys a bar J,which, by suitable arms, is pivoted at .l The bar J is adapted to be raised up by the operation of any key of its section. On the bar .I is a stop J", which engages between the teeth of the wheel I for each section. It will thus be seen that on depressing any key ot' a section (and it will be noted that each key travels through the same space) that the stop J will engage the wheel I at the end oi' the stroke of the key and prevent its being thrown by, thus making the friction device or brake S not so necessary as it otherwise would be, on account ot' the stopj being so positive.
The usual change-key is placed in my machine, which does not operate the register, but simply throws the drawer open i'or the purpose of making change, the making' of the change requiring no registering movement7 as the sum in the drawer remains the same.
In Figs. 1 and 2 appears a small arm f, which is attached to the sleeve e of the dollar group of keys and strikes against the pin or stop f inside of the case. This is to prevent the arms Il of the section of the keys dropping down so low in it-s operation that the keys would not have the same motion o i.' the other keys. Otherwise the construction el.' this section is the same as that of the other sections.
Il'aving thus described my improved cash register and indicator, I desire to say that it is capable of great variation in its more important details without departing from my invention. Other devices than the arms li could very readily be substituted to actuaie the sleeves by the motion of the keys, and the gradation would be shown for varying the height of the keys or varying the length and stroke of the keys. Other varieties oi' pawl and ratchet can be introduced instead of the wheels Z and pawl t and accomplish the purpose, it only being necessary to have a stop to operate in connection with the wheel, so that the next lower wheel shall operate it one notch on completing each revolution or portion ot' revolution, whichever the builder may elect. For use in simpler machines the wheels Q Q QZ can be constructed similar to the wheels P P P2, thus making it possible to construct a cheaper machine. The upper registering' part could be used in connection with the other kinds of drawer-rclcases, and
IOO
56.1962.y zi
various other changes in combination of parts would readily suggest themselves to those skilled in the art of constructing cash-registers.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. In a cash register and indicator, the combin ation of the base, A, the upwardly-extending side sections to the frame, B, secured to the base, A; the keys, D, in sections fulcrumed on the rod, D; the indicator-slides, G, supported in suitable guides to the rear of said machine and corresponding in number to the number of keys of said machine the lower ends resting on the rear ends of said keys; the transverse bar, K, pivoted to hang to the rear of said keys and beveled on its under side; catches, K', on said indicatorslides, G, and adapted to engage with the bar, K, and swing it to one side to release the indicator-slides already suspended and operated by the keys; the guide-plates, R, between which said keys, D, operate the gravity-pawl, j, pivoted to the rear end of said keys and adapted to operate on the curved rack, j', to the rear of said guide-plates, R, and open spaces at each'end of the rack, j'; the transverse bar, N, suspended at N", being located opposite the lower end of said racks; arms, N', projecting down from said bar to be operated by the closure of the drawer below to release and to lock the said pawls, j; the locking-triangles, R', retained by the little facets, e', and pins, c, the space between said locking-triangles in each Ysection being only sufficient for the passage of a single key at a time so that when a key is struck up all remaining keys are retained in position by the trailer, D', of said struck-up key, retaining the locking-triangles so that only that key and none of the other keys can pass; the bail, E, weighted at E', to press against the under part of said keys; the vertical rod, E"; the lever, L', pivoted at h and pivotally connected to said vertical rod, E"; the antifrictionroller, i; a curved block, i', inside the rear end of the drawer, L; the elliptical spring, WI, in the rear of said case to throw said drawer, L, open; the bell, O', on the plate, O, operated by jointed lever, P, actuated by the stop, e', on said drawer when the drawer is moved by in either direction; the bar, J, against the upper front portion of each of said keys pivoted at J" and bearing the stop, J", which engages the wheels, I; the register mechanism actuated by the keys, D, striking the arms, II, on the sleeves, e, and actuating through pawls,g/, the centrally-located wheels, I; the arms, H, being arranged at different heights to be operated different distances by different keys corresponding to amounts indicated on said keys and adapted to return of their own weight; and the register-wheels, Q, Q', Q2, Q3, actuated by said wheels, I, and connected to transfer smaller amounts from a wheel, Q, to the higher wheels, Q', Q2, Q3, Snc.
by means of the antifriction-rollers, m, the levers, t', and the gravity-pawls, t", and registering-wheels, P, P', P2, actuated by said wheels, I, being in mesh by the wheels, l), of wheels, Q, Q', Q2, &c. the said wheels, P, P', P2, being adapted to move into the initial position or changed position for tallying the amounts for short periods, all substantially as described for the purpose specified.
2. The combination of keys, D; guideplates, R, laterally-movable triangular stops, R',in said guide-plates adapted to fill the space in each section so that there is room for but a single key to pass at a time; the reversible pawlj, operating over the rack, j', with space at the end to reverse said pawl so that but a single key of each section can be operated at a time and so that said key must make an entire revolution when it is started, for the purpose specified.
3. In a cash-register, the combination of the keys, D the reversible pawl, j, pivoted thereto, with a rearward projection, 7`"; a rack, j', with space at each end for the reversing of said pawl; a bar, N, opposite the lower end of said rack and suspended from N", with downwardly-projecting arms, N', to project down back of the cash-drawer, L, and be pressed rearwardly by the closed drawer so that when the drawer is open the bar, N, will fall toward the rack, j', and engage the rear end j" of all of said pawls, in position and prevent the operation of the remaining keys when the drawer is open, for the purpose specied.
4. In a cash-register, the combination with the keys, D, of pawls, j, with the rearward projections, j", thereon; the rack, j', with space at each end for reversing said pawls and a stop released by the opening of said drawer to engage the rear end of said pawls to prevent lthe operation of the keys remaining in the vinitial position when the drawer is open, for the purpose specified.
5. In a cash-register, the combination of the keys, D; the reversible pawls, j, having the rear projection, j"; a rack j', with space at the end for the reversal of said pawl; and the stop, N, released by the opening of the drawer to engage the pawls, j, to allow the return of the key that has been struck up by said stop and engage it so that the key can be operated only once until the drawer is closed and so that only the key or keys struck up can be operated at all till the drawer is again closed, for the purpose speciiied.
6. In a cash-register, the combination of keys, D; a rack, j'; reversible pawl, j, with rearward projection, j"; a bar, N, to engage said pawls to prevent the operation of the keys; the lever, c, connected by the rod, c' to the bar, N, to throw it out of connection with the pawls, substantially as described for the purpose specified.
7. In a cash-register, the combination with the keys, D, of the bail, E, counterbalanced at E' coming in contact with the under lfront IOO IIO
IIS
IZO
side oit said keys; the upwardly-pmjecting rod, 13"; the lever, Il', pivoted at 7L and connected by the pivot 71,', to the vertical square rod, 19"; the drawer, Il, containingthe curved block, if', toward the rear end of said drawer; the aiititriction-roller, if, at the end ot' lever, Il', to retain the drawer; and elliptical spring, M, to the rear oli' said machine pressing normally to throw said drawer, li, open; all enacting together' so that when any key is depressed, the rear end of lever, L', will throw the roller up and release the drawer and allow the spring to open it, all substantially as described.
S. In a cash register and indicator, the combination with the keys, olthe lever, L', with an antifriction-roller at its rear end; the drawer with a circular portion at the inner rear end ol' said drawer; the spring pressing normally against said drawer to throw .it open; the lever, Il', being connected to acommon bar passing under said keys to be depressed. by them to operate the lever, L', so that the depression of any key will operate the lever and release the drawer and allow the spring to open it, for the purpose speciiied.
.l. In a cash-register, keys in groups; a shaft, C", with sleeves, c, thereon, one for each group; arms, II, iixed to said sleeve and corresponding to the number of keys in each section and arranged at different angles so that the different keys striking said arms shall rotate the sleeve, e, in proportion tothe numbers .indicated on the keys; wheels I, loosely mounted on said sleeves; pawls, y, adapted to engage said wheels, I, and actuate them the amount ol' rotation imparted by the key depressed; wheels, l), meshing with said wheels, I, and attached to the indicatorwhecls, Q, Q', Q2, to operate them proportionatcly with each section; the antifriction-rollers, m, attached to the face ol' each indicatorwheel, Q, Q', Q2, and between each indicatorwheel a lever, t', bearing gravity-pawl, t", the lever, t', being returned to the normal position by the spring, n, the said pawl engaging the ratchet-wheel of the next higher indicator-wheel the said lever being adapted to be engaged by the antifriction-roller, fm, to be actuated by it on its revolution or some predetermined portion thereoill to actuatc the indicator-wheels ot the next higher order above, one notch, to thus transfer the amount from the lower to the higher wheel, and the amount l'rom a given wheel to a next higher wheel; and the indicator-wheels, I), P', I, meshing with the wheels, I, and corresponding to the indicator-wheels, O, O', O2, and actuated at the same rate, and ratchets on said wheels, l), I", I)3 to permit ot" their rotation to zero or any other predetermined point to begin reckoning for a new period, all substantially as described for the purpose specified.
l0. In a cash-register, the combination with the keys, I), ot' a shaft, C", bearing the loosely-fitting wheels, I; the arms, Il, correspending in. number to the number ot' keys and arranged at different heights in relation to said keys so that said keys shall operaie them ditl'crent distances correspon d ing to the numbers on said keys; the sleeve, c, secured to said arms; a pawl, y, attached to said arms, II, and adapted to engage the wheel, I, and revolve it on its upward stroke; the wheel, Y, meshing with said wheel, I, and actuating the wheel, Q, bearing on its periphery indicatornumbers so that the depression ol' the key will actuatc the indicaior-wheel and move the proportionate number to view to indicate the amount added to the sinn already registered.
ll. In a cash-register, the combination ol' independent sets ot keys l); a shaft C", ol a plurality of independent bcaring-sleeves c on said shaft, a series oi independent arms ll. :lixed to the sleeves c at varying angles eorresponding in number to thc keys and ada-pted by their angles to be actuated by saidv keys in proportion to the amounts indicated thereon, an adding device, and connections trom said sleeves e to said adding device, Vt'or the purpose described.
l?. In a cash register' and indicator, the combination of the independently-'rotatable wheels, Q, Q', Q2, Q3; ratchet-wheels connected to said indicator-wheels, Q', Q2, Qi; antifriction-rollers,fm,on the :faces of wheels, Q, Q', Q2; levers, l1', pivoted tothe .li'ramework between said wheels; gravity-pawls, t", pi voted to said levers and engaging said ratchet wheels, the said antiirictionrollers being adapted to engage said levers during the revolution of the wheels so that the ,lower wheel will actuate the next higher wheel moving it forward spaces to indicate the aggregate sums on said lower wheel on the wheel ol the next higher order; and suitable connections lfrom cach of said wheels to the keys to be actuai ed by them in proportion to their several sums, for the purpose specified.
i3. In a cash :register and indicator, the combination of a series oi' parallel indicaiiirwheels; stops on the face side ol' said wheels; ratchets on the side el' the next adjacent wheel opposite the said stops; and a lever connected to the case and a pawl on said levers to operate said ratchcts from the rotation of the wheels bearingl the stops which engage said pivoted lever to actuate the wheels next above to transfer' the amounts t rom the lower to the higher wheels, forthepurpese spcci'lied.
1i. In a cash-register the ciinnbination with registering mechanism and pivoted keys l) olf the gravity-arms Il corresponding to each ol' said keys and arranged above said keys and revoluble on a connnon center so that the` keys shall actuate them in one dire(I tion and their weights shall return them to their normal position to actuate the suitable adding or registering mechanism Yfor the purpose speeiiied.
l5. In a cash-register, the combination ot' keys, I), pivoted at l)"; a register mechan- IOO IIO
ism 3 arms, H, H, H, located above said keys connected to said register mechanism and adapted to return to their normal position by their combined weight; and indicator-slide G, G, above the rear end of said keys to be raised by them, all adapted to fall together by the force of gravity on all combined to their initial position after the machine has been operated, for the purpose specified.
16. In a cash-register, the combination of the keys, D, pivoted toward their forward ends; the graduated weighted arms, H, resting on the rearward part of said keys adapted to return to their initial position by their own weight and connected by suitable ratchet initial position by the force of gravity, sub-v stantially as described.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal in the presence of two witnesses.
LUKE cooNEr, JR. [n 3.]
Witnesses: Y
M. I. LONGYEAR, WALTER S. Woon.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2480375A (en) * 1940-08-03 1949-08-30 Le Roy J Leishman Tuning device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2480375A (en) * 1940-08-03 1949-08-30 Le Roy J Leishman Tuning device

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