US400406A - Cash-indicator - Google PatentsCash-indicator Download PDF
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- US400406A US400406A US400406DA US400406A US 400406 A US400406 A US 400406A US 400406D A US400406D A US 400406DA US 400406 A US400406 A US 400406A
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- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 8
- 210000000614 Ribs Anatomy 0.000 description 6
- 230000000630 rising Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000881 depressing Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000004301 light adaptation Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000284 resting Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000717 retained Effects 0.000 description 1
- G07G—REGISTERING THE RECEIPT OF CASH, VALUABLES, OR TOKENS
- G07G1/00—Cash registers
(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 1.
G. P. KOLB. CASH INDICATOR.
(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 3.
N. PETERS. Pmo-Luthn n hen Wilhingmn. D. c.
(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
G. F. KOLB.
I CASH INDIGATOR. No. 400,406. Patented Mar. 26, 1889.
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l \IQ I l WITNESSES: 4' Z INVENTOE: at)" M l, 3 I 4 I f I W 3 UNITED STATES irEORG'E F. KOLB, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 400,406, dated March 26, 1889.
Application filed April 21, 1888. Serial No. 271,400. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE F. KOLB, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented a newand useful Improvement in Cash Indicators and Registers, which improvementis fully set forth in the following specification and accompanying drawings.
My invention relates to improvements in cash indicators and registers; and the objects of the invention are to provide an improved arrangement of indicating-keys; further, to provide an improved mechanism operated by said keys for indicating the amounts; further, to provide improved mechanism for retaining the indicating mechanism at the desired place and mechanism for releasing the indicating mechanism and returning it to its normal position; further, to provide improved registering mechanism; and, finally, to provide an improved device for locking the keys when it is not desired to use the machine, to prevent tampering with the same.
To attain the desired objects, the invention consists of a casing, a shaft mounted thereon, an arm depending therefrom, a series of keys for moving the arm different distances, an indicator plate or tablet having a row of different numbers thereon, and mechanism connected with the plate and operated by the movement of the arm to move the indicatorplate different distances to indicate the different numbers thereon; further, in an improved construction of indicator plates or tablets; further, in the described improved mechanism for registering the amounts indicated; further, in an improved mechanism for operating the alarm; further, in an improved 9 mechanism for retaining the indicating mechanism at the desired place and for releasing the indicator mechanism and permitting the same to return to its normal position; further, in the improved mechanism for retaining or looking the registering mechanism; further, in the improved mechanism for locking the keys to prevent tampering with the same; and, finally, the invention consists in the combination and adaptation of parts for service, substantially as hereinafter described and spe ci fically claimed.
Figure 1 represents a front view of a cash indicator and register embodying my invention. Fig. 2 represents a vertical transverse sectional view thereof. Fig. 3 represents a horizontal sectional view thereof. Fig. 4 represents a top plan view of the registering mechanism. Fig. 5 represents a sectional detail view of part of the indicating and releasing mechanism on an enlarged scale. Figs. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 represent detail views of different parts of the machine, to more clearly illustrate their construction.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
Referring to the drawings, the numeral 1 designates the casing or housing of my improved cash indicator and register, which is of proper shape and dimensions for the purpose, and is provided with openings or windows 2, a door, 3, to permit access to the registering-wheels, and a cash-drawer, 4.
5 designates the keys forcents, arranged in two rows of four and five keys, the first row having the even numbers 2 to 8, and the second row the uneven numbers 1 to 9.
G designates the keys for dimes, arranged in the same manner as the cents-keys, and having the numbers 20 to on the first row and 10 to on the second.
7 designates the keys for dollars, also arranged iuthe same manner, having the even numbers 2 to S 011 the first row and the uneven numbers 1 to 9 on the second, and 8 designates the keys for tens of dollars, arranged like the others, and having the numbers 20 to 80 on the first row and 10 to 90 011 the second, all as clearly shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings.
The keys are each provided with lugs, studs, or projections 9, to prevent them from being pulled out of their places or for limiting their outward movement, and said keys have their inner ends preferably formed of a square, oblong, or angular shape, and pass through similar-shaped openings in posts or uprights 10, the said uprights serving to guide the keys, prevent them from working loose, and also prevent them from turning; but the keys may be made of any desired shape or construction.
11 designates arms attached to sleeves mounted loosely on a shaft, 12, and the sleeves which have said arms attached thereto also carry gear-wheels 13, and these gear-wheels mesh with smaller gear-wheels or pinion s, 14, carried by sleeves mounted loosely on a shaft, 15, and said sleeves are also provided with large gear-wheels, 16, which mesh with racks 17. In order to return the arms 11 to their original or normal position after they have been operated upon by the keys, I attach springs 11 to their lower ends and secure the other ends of said springs to the casing, as will be readily understood. The racks 17 move in ways 18 in plates 19, as clearly shown in Fig. 6 of the drawings, and each of said racks carries one of the indicating-plates 20. Two of these plates are used for each set of keys, or, in other words, two for cents, two for dimes, two for dollars, and two for tens of dollars, as clearly shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. The indicating-plates containing the uneven numbers 3 to 9 are constructed as shown in Figs. 9 and of the drawings, and the numeral 1 is placed on a board, 21, which is out of the path of movement of said plates, and on this board is pivoted a leaf or section, 22, having the designation 0 upon it, and this plate or section normally conceals the numeral 1. In order to lift the plate, leaf, or section 22 to show the numeral 1, the indicating-plates which contain the numbers 3 to 9 are provided with arms or extensions 23, which, when the plates are elevated, contact or strike against the pivoted. sections 22 and move them from in front of the numeral 1, and also permit said indicating-plates to be raised to any desired designation. The reason for providing this construction is that, should it be desired to designate 1 and the designation 0 is upon the plate, it would be necessary to move the plate two spaces instead of one, whereas by the described construction the plate is moved but one space, and should the plate be moved more than the proper distance the registering mechanism would not correspond with the indicating mechanism. The gear-wheels 13 also mesh with pinions 25 on sleeves which are mounted on a fast shaft in the casing, and on which the registeringwheels 26 and 27 are mounted. The registering-wheels 26 have ratchetwheels formed on both sides, and the registering-wheels 27 have ratchet-wheels formed only 011 the right side.
28 designates pawls for engaging the ratchetwheels on the registering-wheels 26.
29 designates pawls for engaging the ratchetteeth on the registering-wheels 27. The pawls 28 are carried by the sleeves which have the pinions 25 thereon, and one of the pawls 29 is secured by a spring to the tens-of-dollars wheel 26, and is adapted to engage the ratchet of the hun'dredsof-dollars wheel, as hereinafter described, and the other pawl, 29, is secured by a spring to the hundreds-of-dollars wheel 27, and is adapted to engage the ratchet wheel on the right of the thousands-of-dollars wheel, as shown in Fig.4. The bar 30 is suitably secured in fixed position, so that at each entire revolution of the said pawl 29 they come in contact with the same, so that they operate the hundreds and thousands of dollars wheels 27. These pawls are adapted to contact with the strip or bar 30, one at each revolution, the purpose of which will presently appear.
31 designates a fast shaft connected to the registering-wheel shaft by means of arms On this shaft are mounted sleeves carrying weighted arms 33, resting on angle-arms 34, and on the opposite side of the sleeves carrying the arms 35 and 36. The arms 35 are adapted to contact with lugs 37 on the registering-wheels 26, and the arms 36 are adapted to engage the ratchet-wheels on the right side of the registeringwheels 26, all as clearly shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings.
37 designates plates pivoted to bracketplates 38, and these plates are loosely connected in pairs by means of links 39, and springs 40 bear against one of the plates of the series to press their free ends against the keys and cause them to engage the ribs or extensions 41 on the keys when they are pushed in.
42 designates a shifting-bar moving in uprights 43, provided with studs or pins 44 for moving the plates 37, and a stud or pin, 45, adapted to be engaged by one of the arms of the elbow-lever 46.
47 designates a key passing through a tube or barrel, 48, screwed into the casing, and 49 designates a spring coiledaround the key for returning the same to itsjinitial or normal position, the tube or barrel enveloping the spring and shielding the same. The keyis provided on its upper face with a lug, 50, the purpose of which will appear.
51 designates a bar passing through openings in uprights 52, having a. spring, 53, coiled around it, and provided with lugs 54 and 54*, and a spring or arm, 55.
56 designates a lever fulcrumed at 57, having one end in the path of movement of the spring or arm 55, and at its other end having a hammer, 58, adapted to strike a bell or gong, 59, and a spring, 60, bearing against the lever to cause the hammer to strike.
61 designates a lever having its upper end in the path of movement of the key 47, in order to be struck thereby when said key is pushed in, and to return the lever to its original position after the key has operated upon it a spring, 62, is provided.
63 designates a shaft, and 63 a sleeve thereon, in the central portion of the lower side whereof is mounted the lever 64, and the lower end of which is in contact with the lug 54 and in order that the lever 64 may be tilted by any one of the arms 11 a series of arms, 65, are mounted on the sleeve 63*, directly in the rear of said arms, and weighted arms 66 are mounted on the sleeve 63 forre: turning the arms to their normal position.
The mechanism for preventing the machine being operated or tampered with consists of a bar, 67, provided with a series of arms, 68, and said bar is adapted to slide or move IIO lengthwise for a limited distance in uprights 69. One end of the bar 67 is bifurcated, and in said bifurcated end is pivoted the upper end of a lever, 70, fulcrumed in the casing, and the lower end is connected with a flat spring, 71, secured at one end to the casing, as shown in Fig. 12, and adapted to be struck by the cash-drawer when pushed in, and thereby cause the bar 67, carrying the arms 68, to move to one side and bring said arms in the path of movement of the arms 1], operated upon by the keys, and thus prevent said arms from being moved, and consequently prevent operating the machine, as is evident.
The operation is as follows: \Vhen it is desired to indicate an amountsay two centsthe key for said amount is pushed in and its inner end moves the arm 11 for a short distance, the arm imparts motion to the gearwheel 13 on the same sleeve therewith, and
the gear-Wheel in turn imparts motion to the pinion 1-1, shaft 15, and pinion 16, which elevates the rack 17, carrying one of the indicating-plates for cents, which plate is elevated but two spaces, in consequence of the distance of movement of the arms 11, and thus number 2 appears at the window as the amount is indicated by the key, and said amount is registered at the cents-wheel, by reason of the fact that pinion 25 of the registering-wheel is operated at the same time by the gear-wheel 13. hen the key is pushed in, the arm which it contacts with strikes against one of the arms 011 the sleeve 63 causing the lever which is mounted thereon and is in engagement with the lug 5% to move the bar 51 outward, causing the spring 55 on said bar to contact with one end of the lever 56 and cause the hammer on the opposite end to soundthe bell and the lug 54 on said bar to be engaged by the spring-actuated lever 61, whereby further movement of the bar 51 is stopped, the key which has been pushed in being retained by one of the pivoted plates 37 engaging the lug 41 thereon. To return the mechanism to its normal position, the key 47 is pushed in, the lug 50 thereon engaging the arm of the elbow-lever 46, causing the other arm, which is in engage ment with the stud 45 on the shifting-bar i2, to move the latter and throw the plate out of engagement with the key, thus releasing the key and permitting the arm 11 to return to its place. At the same time the key47 pushes the lever 61 inwardly, disengaging the same from the lug 54 on bar 51, and allows the same to return to its normal position. If it is now desired to indicate an additional nine cents, the key for that amount is pushed in, and as the key strikes against the arm 11, near the pivot-point thereof, it is caused to move a distance which will elevate the indicating-plate to show the number 9 at the window and turn the registering-wheel around nine spaces, and as two cents have already been indicated 011 said registering-wheel, the
wheel will be revolved, in addition to the two already registered, nine more spaces, making in all 11, and as the wheel 20 is turned more than entirely around, the lug 37 thereon strikes against the arm 35, causing said arm to move the arm 36, which carries the pawl engaging the dime-registering wheel, to move said wheel to the numeral 1, and as 1 has been presented on the cents-wheel it will be shown that eleven cents has been indicated and registered. The operation of registering is the same with regard to the cents as the dollars. If the dime-registering wheel has registered nine dimes and three dimes more are registered, the registering-wheel for dimes will be moved from 9 three spaces, making 2 appear, moving the dollar-wheel one space by the means described, and registering 1 on the dollarwheel and 2 on the dime-wheel, thus making $1.20, as is evident.
The mechanism I employ for registering hundreds of dollars and thousands of dollars is somewhat different in construction from the other registering mechanism,and is op erated as follows: The back of the spring-secured pawl 29 of the tens-of-dollars wheel 26 is once each revolution of said wheel brought in contact with the bar 30, so that it engages the ratchet-wheel on the hundreds-of-dollars wheel 27 and rotates the said wheel one space. In the same manner the spring-pawl 29, sooured to the said hundreds-of-dollars wheel 27, is brought into contact with the ratchet on the thousands-of-dollars wheel, moving it one space for each revolution of the hundreds ofdollars wheel 27. 3y adding more registering-wheels similarly arranged any desired amount may be registered. 'When desired to lock the machine and prevent tampering with the same, the cash-drawer is pushed in, depressing the flat spring 71 and causing the lower end of the lever 7 0 to move inward and the upper end outward, shifting the bar (57 and causing the arms (58 thereon to lie in rear of the arms 11 011 the sleeve, and thus prevent said arms from being moved, and consequently preventing the machine being oper ated or tampered with. The registeringwheels, it will be understood, each have the numbers 0 to 9 on their peripheries.
While the actuating-arms 11 are shown and described as depending from the sleeves, yet it will be readily understood that they may be normally held in a different position with.- out departure from the intent or scope of the invention. The same is true of other parts of the mechanism, which may be changed in minor particulars without a departure from the spirit of the invention or a sacrificin g of the advantages thereof. Instead of a bar 1]. for each of the rows of keys,a single bar may be used for a number of keys, 5, (3, 7, and 8, thus simplifying the construction. A number of keys, 5, (3, 7,-and 8, operate upon one of the bars 11, and another number thereof ope ates on the adjacent bar, and so on throughout the series. By this construction I avoid a bar for each key, and thus simplify and condense the register and indicator.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a cash indicator and register, a casing, a shaft mounted therein, an arm depending loosely therefrom, a series of keys adapted to contact with the arm and move the same different distances, an indicator-plate having a row of different numbers thereon and mechanism connected with said plate and operated by the movement of the arm to move the indicator-plate different distances to indicate the different numbers thereon, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.
2. In a cash-register, a key, in combination with an oscillating arm, a rock-shaft with gearwheel mounted thereon, a second shaft with wheel operated by the oscillation of said rockshaft and wheel, a rising and falling rack meshing with said second wheel, and an indicator-plate secured to said rack, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In a cash-register, indicating-plates let- -tered as described, and provided with arms or extensions 23, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
4. In a cash-register, the combination of the board 21, with a leaf pivoted thereto, and an indicator-plate, 20, with extension or arm 23, adapted to engage and raise said leaf, substantially as and for the purpose set-forth.
5. In a cash register, keys having ribs 41 thereon, guides or uprights in which said keys are moved, and the pivoted springpressed plates 37,said parts being combined substantially as described.
6. In a cash-register, the keys having the ribs 41 thereon, in combination with the uprights 10, in which said keys are guided, the brackets 38,secured to the frame of said register, the pivoted plates 37, linked in pairs, and springs bearing against said plates and adapted to keep the plates in contact with the said ribs, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
7. In a cash-register, the combination of the sliding bar 42 with guides and having the pins 44, the pivoted spring-pressed plates 37, and the keys with ribs 41 thereon, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
8. In a cash-register, the combination of the key 47, with lug 50, the elbow-lever 46, the sliding bar 42, with pins 44, the spring-pressed plates 37, and keys with ribs 41, engaged by said plates, substantially as described.
9. In a cash-register, the combination of the keys, an oscillating arm operated by said keys, a shaft with gear-wheel thereon rotated by said arm, a shaft with pinion 25 thereon, and having a registering-wheel, 26, thereon, substantially as described.
10. In a cash-register, the combination of a fixed shaft with pinion 25 and rotary units and tens registering wheels thereon, a second fixed shaft connected by arms to said first shaft, sleeves on said second shaft carrying the arms 33 35 and an arm, 36, and a pawl on said arm 36, adapted to engage with a ratchet 011 said tens-wheel, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
11. The combination of a fixed shaft with the pinions 25 mounted thereon, and the rotary units and tens registering wheels with ratchets thereon, a second shaft connected by arms to said fixed shaft, sleeves loosely mounted on said second shaft carrying the arms 33, 35, and 36, a projection on said unitswheel adapted to engage the arm 34, and a pawl secured to the arm 36 and adapted to engage the ratchet of the tens-wheel, substantial y as and for the purpose set forth.
12. In a cash-register, a fixed shaft with an angle-arm, a rotary sleeve on said shaft, and provided with an arm adapted to rest on said angle-arm of said shaft, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
13. A fixed shaft with registering units and tens wheels thereon, a second shaft connected by arms to said fixed shaft and having an angle arm, a sleeve carrying the arm 35, adapted to be engaged by a projection on the units-wheel, the arm 36, with pawl adapted to engage the ratchet of the tens-wheel, and the arm 33, adapted to abut against the angle-arm, thereby preventing further rotation of the sleeve, said parts being combined substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
14. In a cash-register, a series of sliding keys, in combination with a movable arm, gear-wheels operated by said movable arm, and a rising and falling indicator-plate, with rack operated by said gear-wheels, substantially as described.
15. The combination of an operating-key, an oscillating arm operated by said key, the pivoted sleeve 63*, with arms 64 and 65, the spring-bar 51, with lug 54 and spring 55 on outer end, the pivoted spring-lever 56, with hammer, and the alarm 59, substantially as described.
16. The combination of an operating-key, an oscillating arm operated by said key, a spring-bar wit-h lug 54 thereon, and the springpressed lever 61, substantially as and for the purpose described.
17. In a cash-register, the combination of the casing, the spring 71, secured thereto at one end, the pivoted lever 70, having the other end of the spring 71 secured thereto, the sliding bar 67, pivotally connected to the upper end of said lever 70, and having the arm 68 connected there to, the oscillating arms 11, and the cash-drawer 4, adapted when closed to engage said spring, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
18. In a cash-register, an oscillating arm, keys for moving said arm different distances,
gearing operated by said arm, and a rack carrying a plate or tablet combining different numbers, said rack being operated upon by said gearing to elevate the plate different tances to designate the desired number thereon, substantially in the manner described.
21. In a cash-register, the combination of a shaft, a sleeve on said shaft carrying a gear- Wheel, a pinion meshing with said gear-Wheel, a gear-wheel rotated by said pinion, a rack meshing with the said last-named gear-wheel, and an indicating-tablet carried by said rack having different numbers thereon adapted to be indicated by the movement of the rack, all substantially in the manner described.
GEORGE F. KOLB.
J OHN A. WIEDERsHEIM, J AMES F. KELLY.
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US400406A true US400406A (en)||1889-03-26|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US400406D Expired - Lifetime US400406A (en)||Cash-indicator|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US400406A (en)|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US3276688A (en) *||1965-04-29||1966-10-04||Martin Machine Co Inc||Transfer device for counter|
- US US400406D patent/US400406A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US3276688A (en) *||1965-04-29||1966-10-04||Martin Machine Co Inc||Transfer device for counter|
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