US564842A - Carl j - Google Patents

Carl j Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US564842A
US564842A US564842DA US564842A US 564842 A US564842 A US 564842A US 564842D A US564842D A US 564842DA US 564842 A US564842 A US 564842A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
feeder
pen
barrel
ink
basins
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US564842A publication Critical patent/US564842A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/18Arrangements for feeding the ink to the nibs

Description

(No Model.) Y C. J. RENZ.
FOUNTAIN PEN. g Y No. 564,842. Patented Ju1y428, 1896.
UNITED f STATES- PATENT OFFICE'.
. CARL J, RENZ, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
FOUNTAIN-PEN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 564,842, dated July 28, 1896.
Application filed March 12, 1896.
To @ZZ wiz/m tmwy concern:
Be it known that'I, CARLA J. RENZ, of Ne York city, in the county and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Fountain-Pen, of which the following is a full,
clear, and exact description.
The object of my invention is to provide a fountain-pen so constructed that it will write to the last drop of ink, without danger of leaking, and in which the flow of ink can be easily and instantly regulated to suit the'writer, or stopped entirely, enabling the pen to becarried point down in the pocket with absolute safety.
A further object of the invention is to construct a pen having the advantages above set forth in an exceedingly simple, durable, and economic manner, and, furthermore, to provide means whereby should the ink at the pen-point or adjacent to the same become in any manner dry the iiow of ink may be instantly started the moment that the pen is placed in position to write.
The invention consists in the novel construction and combination of the several parts, as will be hereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had tothe accompanying drawings, forminga part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure lis a side elevation of the pen closed. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the pen, the point being nncapped. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal vertical section through the major portion of the pen, the feeder being in'position to admit the writing fluid to the point of the pen. Fig. is a longitudinal section through the pen in its entirety, illustrating the feeder in position to close communication between the ink-chamber and point of the pen. Fig. 5 is a transverse section taken, practically,on the line 5 5 of Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is a similar section taken on the line 6 6 of Fig. 4. Fig. 7 is a transverse section taken on the line 7 7 of Fig. 4. Fig. 8 is a plan view of the feeder removed from the pen. Fig. 9 is a bottom plan View of the aforesaid feeder; and Fig. 10 is a longitudinal section through the feeder, taken practically at a central point.
In carrying out the invention a barrel A is constructed of suitable size, adapted as a res- Se'rial No. 582,867. (No model.)
ervoir for the ink, and the said barrel at its upper end is closed by a cap B, whichis'held in the barrel by frictional Contact, or through the medium of screw-threads, as illustrated, and the cap B is preferably provided with an air-vent l0, as shown in Fig. 4, the barrel being lled with ink upon the removal of the aforesaid cap.
A plug C is either screwed `into the lower end of the barrel or held liquid-.tight therein by frictional contact, and the said plug is hollow and is provided between its ends with an exterior collar ll, serrated or otherwise roughened to facilitate the removal of the plug from the barrel of the pen. The bore of the said plug isreduced at its upper or innerend, forming avent-opening l2, and at its outer end the plug is preferably interiorly threaded to receive a nozzle D, exteriorly threaded to meet the threadsof the plug; but the nozzle and plug may be connected in a Huid-tight manner by frictional contact, if so desired. When the plug is secured in the barrel, the collar 1l of the same will engage with the bottom portion of the barrel, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
The fountain-pen isprovided with a feeder E and a nib or pen E', the Ynib or pen E being adapted to be introduced into the nozzle D, the said nozzle being tubular, and the feeder E is adapted for engagement with the pen or nib and is of such length that it will extend through the` nozzle and vthrough the plug() into the ink-receiving chamber of the barrel A, as shown in both Figs.V 3 and 4.
The feeder E comprises a body e, a shank e', and ahead e2, the latter being at the inner extremity of the shank. The shank is circular in cross-section, as is likewisethe body e, but the aforesaid' body is of greater diameter than the shank and is made to taper in direction of its outer end. The point l2 of the body of the feeder is flattened upon its under face and is of less Athickness than the remaining portion of the body, as shown in Figs. 9 and 10. The point l2 has a number of perforations 13 made therein, and is provided upon its upper face with a series of grooves 14, extending longitudinally ofthe aforesaid feeder, thel grooved portion of the point being adapted to be brought substantially in close contact with the under face of IOO the nib or pen E. The perforations 13 constitute air-passages, by means of which the ink is forced to the elevated or ribbed surface of the top of the point of the feeder formed by the grooves 14, and the ink will be compelled to flow on both sides of the point of the feeder at the top to the extremity of the same, ready for distribution through the medium of the nib or pen E.
The body portion e ofthe feeder has a series of basins 15 made Jtherein transversely at the top and bottom, the bottom basins being immediately below the top basins, and each top and bottom basin is connected through the medium of an opening or aperture 16, as is best shown in FigflO. These basins serve as reservoirs for the ink, and the ink is retained in the said basins air-bound by the aforesaid openings or perforations 1.6, being withdrawn by suction due to opening or closing the pen-point when the 'pen is to be used, since, as shown in Fig. 4, the feeder is held firmly yet removably in the nozzle D, and by screwing the nozzle upwardly the head of the feeder will be carried in direction of or away from the vent-opening 12 in the plug,
. through which the shank of the feeder is loosely passed. When the feeder is drawn outward from the barrel, a washer 17, attached to the shank of the feeder at the head, will be brought more or less closely against the inner end of the plug C, regulating the supply of ink from the reservoir of the bar rel to the feeder, and when the said washer is brought in close engagement with the plug C, as shown in Fig. 4, the supply of ink to the feeder will be entirely cut off, so that the pen may be carried point downward, or carelessly handled with impunity, yet there will be sucient ink air-bound in the basins 15 to admit of a letter of ordinary length being conveniently written without a further supply, and the ink in the basins being air-bound will not flow to the pen-point unless the said point is pressed upon the paper upon which the letter is to be written.
At each side of the feeder a groove 18 is preferably made, which serves to admit air to the feeder and facilitate the flow of ink along the same to itspoint, and, if in practice it is found desirable, near the inner end of the body of the feeder an annular basin 19 may be formed, and an opening 20 is then made in this basin, extending from top to bottom of the feeder. Vhile in the drawings the shank e of the feeder is shown as provided with a spiral groove 2l, the said groove may be omitted if in practice it is found desirable and simply a channel 22 formed in the inner end of the body of the feeder to admit rof the writing Huid being conducted to the basins of the said feeder.
The pen or nib E is insured a proper position upon the feeder by reason of the inner end of the pen or nib being brought in engagement with a saddle 23, formed upon the upper face of the said feeder, as is particularly shown in Fig. 4, and a loose collar 24 is mounted upon the shank e of the feeder, and the said collar will be contained within the plug C, so that when the pen is brought to writing position the collar in sliding along the shank will force the ink contained in the basins 15 to the point of the pen in the event that the ink should become dried and will not ow of itself to such point, and, if a single downward movement of the pen is not sufficient to accomplish this result, on moving the pen quickly forward and backward the collar will accomplish said result.
It is evident that, by reason of the adjustment of the feeder to and from the barrel ofv the pen, the ink may be made to ilo-w more o1' less freely to the point or nib of the pen and that the supply of ink may be entirely cut oif when desired, thus enabling the pen to be carried point down without .danger of spilling any of the ink that may remain between the barrel and the nib, owing to the ink in the various basins 15 being air-bound until forced to flow to the point of the pen either by the action of the sliding collar 24 or by the flexing of the nib of the pen.
The longitudinal airy-vents 18 are not at the exact center of the feeder, being rather below the center, and connect with the lower basins, whereby the air-pressure serves to force the ink upward into the upper set of basins. The
sliding kcollar 24 may be dispensed with, if so y desired, although it is preferably used, and in such event the body section of the feeder will be made much larger than illustrated.
Having thus described my invention, IV
IOO
IIO
3. In a fountain-pen, a feeder comprising a body and a shank of less diameter than the body, the body having a tapering form and provided with top and bottom basins, corresponding basins at the top and bottom beingconnected, as and for the purpose specified.
4. A feeder for fountain-pens, of tapering shape and provided with basins at top and bottom, grooves connecting the basins at the top, and openings passing through the basin portions of the feeder from top to bottom, as
and for the purpose specified.
Y 5. A feeder for fountainfpens, provided with series of basins at the top and at the bottom, sundry of the basins at top and bottom being in registry,and all of the basins havin g openings made therein, extending through from top to bottom, and the feeder being further provided with a series of longitudinally-located grooves, as and for the purpose specified.
6. A feeder for fountain-pens, provided with basins at top and bottom and openings extending through the basin portions of the feeder, the said feeder being provided with a shank of less diameter than the basin portion, and a collar loosely mounted on the said shank, as and for the purpose specied.
7. A feeder for fountain-pens, provided with basins at top and bottom and openings extending through the basin portions of the feeder, the said feeder being provided with a shank of less diameter than the basin portion, and a collar looselyr mounted on the said shank, together with a fixed collar adapted at predetermined times to shut o the supply of ink from the barrel of the pen to the feeder when the feeder is connected with the barrel, as and for the purpose specified.
8. In a fountain-pen, the combination, with a barrel having an exit-opening for the ink,
and a nozzle adjustably connected with the barrel, of a nib carried by the said nozzle, a feeder the body of which is located in the nozzle, the body portion of which feeder extends along the bottom of the'nib practically in engagement therewith, the said body being provided with upper and lower connected basins, and means, substantially as described, for supplying ink from the barrel to the feeder, as and for the purpose set forth.
9. In a fountain-pen, the combination, with a barrel, a nozzle adjustable in the barrel,
the said barrel being provided with an outlet for the ink in communication with the nozzle, of a nib located in the said nozzle, a feeder the body of which is secured within the nozzle, the said feeder having top and bottom basins and apertures connecting the same, the apertures extending to the point of the feeder which is adapted for engagement with the aforesaid nib, the feeder being provided with a shank extending loosely through the outlet of the barrel and into the barrel, and a sliding collar mounted on the shank of the feeder, as and for the purpose specified.
l0. In afountain-pen,the combination,with a barrel, and a nozzle adjustable in the barrel, the said barrel being provided with an outlet for the ink in communication with the nozzle, of a nib located in the said nozzle, a
feeder the body of which is secured within the nozzle, the said feeder having top and bottom basins and apertures connecting the same, the apertures extending to the point of the feeder which is adapted for engagement with the aforesaid nib, the feeder being provided with a shank extending loosely through the outlet of the barrel and into the barrel, and a sliding collar mounted on the shank of the feeder, the inner end of the shank of said feeder being arranged to close ory partially close the outlet of the said valve, as and for the purpose specified.
ll. In'a fountain-pen,the combination,with a barrel, and a nozzle adjustable in the barrel and adapted to receive a nib, of a feeder carried by the nozzle, having communicating top and bottom basins for the reception of ink and openings for the circulation of air, the said feeder being provided with a valve at one end adapted in the adjustment of the nozzle to close the ink-outlet in the barrel of the pen, as and for the purpose specified.
l2. In a fountain-pen,the combination, with a barrel and a nozzle adjustable in the barrel and adapted to receive a nib, of a feeder carried by the nozzle, having basins for the reception of ink and openings for the circulation of air, the said feeder being provided with a valve at one end, adapted in the adjustment of the nozzle to close the ink-outlet in the barrel of the pen, and a collar mounted to slide on the said feeder, between the basin portion thereof and the aforesaid valve, the collar serving to force the ink to the outer extremity of the feeder, substantially as set forth. y
13. In a fountain-pen, the combination with a barrel having an apertured partition, of a sliding feeder having its inner end projecting through the said partition and provided with an enlargement or head for closing the aperture thereof, said feeder being provided with cavities, longitudinal grooves, and passages for conducting the ink from the lower to the upper surface of the feeder, and a nozzle jitting tightly on the feeder over the cavities and movable with the feeder, substantially as shownV and described.
11i. In a fountain-pen, the combination with a barrel having an apertured partition, of a feeder vhaving an enlargement or head at its inner end for closing the aperture of the said partition, said feederl having cavities on opposite sides connected by transverse apertures and provided with longitudinal grooves, and a nozzle fitting tightly on the feeder over the cavities and connected with the barrel to have endwise movement, whereby the feeder can be slid in and out, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
l5.' In a fountain-pen,'the combination with a barrel, and a hollow plug fitting in the end of the barrel and having the bore of its inner end reduced, of a feeder having an enlargement or head at its inner end for closingv the inner end of the plug and provided with cavities in opposite sides connected by apertures and with longitudinal passages, and a nozzle fitting tightly on the feeder over the cavities thereof and connected with the plug to have endwise movement therein, substantially as shown and described.
CARL J. RENZ.
Witnesses:
J. FRED. AcKnR, JNO. M. RITTER,
IOO
IIO
US564842D Carl j Expired - Lifetime US564842A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US564842A true US564842A (en) 1896-07-28

Family

ID=2633559

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US564842D Expired - Lifetime US564842A (en) Carl j

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US564842A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US655731A (en) Fountain-pen.
US564842A (en) Carl j
US381417A (en) Fountain-pen
US628690A (en) Fountain-pen.
US264451A (en) William e
US663590A (en) Fountain-pen.
US722013A (en) Fountain-pen.
US677008A (en) Fountain-pen.
US698881A (en) Fountain-pen.
US487396A (en) Hugo siegert
US369016A (en) Fountain-pen
US338019A (en) Fekdtnand s
US140771A (en) Improvement in fountain-pens
US735004A (en) Fountain-pen.
US1447495A (en) Positive-flow fountain pen
US522751A (en) Fountain-pen
US588708A (en) Fountain-pen
US503763A (en) Marvin m
US314547A (en) Fountain-pen
US509862A (en) Fountain-pen
US307735A (en) Fountain-pen
US288290A (en) Paul e
US281903A (en) James mckenzie
US607398A (en) Lewis e
US351033A (en) Fountain-pen