US559500A - Machine for manufacturing nuts - Google Patents

Machine for manufacturing nuts Download PDF

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Publication number
US559500A
US559500A US559500DA US559500A US 559500 A US559500 A US 559500A US 559500D A US559500D A US 559500DA US 559500 A US559500 A US 559500A
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Prior art keywords
die
nuts
plunger
machine
bar
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/18Means for removing cut-out material or waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/202With product handling means
    • Y10T83/2092Means to move, guide, or permit free fall or flight of product
    • Y10T83/2096Means to move product out of contact with tool
    • Y10T83/217Stationary stripper
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8759With means to connect or disconnect tool and its drive
    • Y10T83/8761Continuously moving drive means [e.g., "gag"]
    • Y10T83/8762Hand actuated connecting means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8821With simple rectilinear reciprocating motion only
    • Y10T83/8828Plural tools with same drive means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8821With simple rectilinear reciprocating motion only
    • Y10T83/8841Tool driver movable relative to tool support
    • Y10T83/8848Connecting rod articulated with tool support

Description

(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1. J. H. STERNBERGH.
MACHINE FOR MANUFAGTURING NUTS.
No. 559,500. Patented May 5, 1896.
.3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
J. H. STERNBERGH. MACHINE FOR MANUFACTURING NUTS.
No. 559,500. Patented May 5, 1896.
QWASHINGIOMJC UNITED STATES ATENT FFICE.
JAMES HERVEY STERNBERGI-I, OF READING, PENNSYLVANIA.
MACHINE FOR MANUFACTURING NUTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 559,500, dated May 5, 1896.
Application filed July 20, 1892. Elerial No. 440,580. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
7 Be it known that I, J AMES HERVEY STERN- BERGH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Reading, in the county of Berks, State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Machines for Manufacturing Nuts, of which the following is a specification. My invention relates to an improved form of machine adapted particularly for the manufacture of nuts, and belonging to that class of multiple-punching machines in which are employed a series of plungers or slides operated from a single shaft and set consecutively in advance of each other, so that they will be operated in succession by each rotation of the shaft. The plungers are arranged to move horizontally in parallel lines and are so con nected to the shaft as to permit any desired number to be readily operated independently of the others. The bars of metal from which the nuts are formed are supported vertically in suitable guides and fed onwardautomat ically by gravity.
The invention is fully described in connec tion with the accompanying drawings, and the novel features are specifically pointed out in the claims.
Figure 1 is a plan view of a portion of the machine, four plungers or slideways being shown, in one of which a plunger with punches and fixed dies is indicated in position. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the operating-shaft, indicating the arrangement of the eccentrics. Fig. 3 is a cross-section through X X of Fig. 1, showing the relative location of the main parts. Fig. 4 is a partial longitudinal section showing an end view of one of the plungers in its slideway; and Figs. 5 and 6 show side and plan views, respectively, of the plunger. Fig. 7 shows in detail the arrangement of the guide-pin located between the shearing and hole-forming punches. Fig. 8 shows the barh guide bracket, which is fixed to the frame.
Fig. 9 illustrates the die-block, and Fig. 10 the reversible die. Fig. 11 shows in detail the plunger-block upon which the eccentric-rod directly operates, and Fig. 12 the removable distance-piece throughwhich movement is transmitted to the plunger. Fig. 13 shows separately the bar-guide which is carried by the plunger. Fig. 14 shows a die for forming washers.
The horizontal frame or bed-plate A is supported upon suitable legs. (Not shown.) Mounted in bearings a, formed at intervals in this bed-plate,is the operating-shaft B,extend ing lengthwise, to which rotary power is conveyed through the gear-wheelb. This shaft is formed with any convenient number of eccentrics b b, the centers of which are arranged consecutively in advance of each other, as indicated in Fig. 2. Eccentric-rods II are strapped upon these eccentrics in any ordinary manner and are connected to slides or plungers D, which carry the punches, &c. These plungers are guided in parallel slideways 0 0, formed in the bed-plate, and are held therein by cap-plates D, bolted to the top of the sidewalls c of the slideways.
The free end 77. of each eccentric-rod enters the jaw-shaped end of the plunger and is connected therewith by means of a pin which fills the hole h in the rod and the projecting ends of which engage oblong holes cl in the plunger. The curved outer surface of the rod end 7L bears against the concave surface 7c of the block K, which is capable of sliding longitudinally in the plunger, and the front 7t of this block presses upon a distance-piece I, interposed between the block and the main portion of the plunger, through which dis tance -piece the operating power from the shaft Bis thus transmitted to the plunger. The thickness of this distance-piece is made about equal to the full throw of the eccentric, and it is so formed as to be conveniently removed from its position during the return stroke of the plunger, thus permitting any one of the latter to be readily thrown out of operation without affecting the others. Furthermore this distance'piece is arranged to serve as a safety breaking piece, being made hollow and sufficiently weak to collapse if undue strain is brought upon it from any cause, thus preventing damage to more important parts of the machine.
The slideways O O for the plungers open into a .dieway E, extending at right angles to them for the whole length of the machine. Fitted to this way and removably secured therein directly opposite the plungers are dieblocks F of rectangular form. Each of these blocks is. provided with a square recess f to receive a square die G, the thickness of which is preferably sufiicient to make it project slightly beyond the face of the die-block. This die is provided with a central hole g and with a series of four holes g equidistant from the central hole and also equidistant from the four shearing edges g g of the die. The size of these holes corresponds with those to be punched in the nuts, while the distance between the central hole 9 and each of the series g is equal to the measurement over the flat sides of the nuts tobe formed, and the distance between the holes 9 and the shearing edges 9 is equal to half this measurement. A hole f in the die-block registers with the central hole g in the die, and a passage-way f for the sheared-off nuts extends entirely through the block underneath the die and opens, as does also the hole f into a framepassage 6, through which both nuts and holepunchings are delivered into suitable receptacles, the partition (1 being rovided to permit their separate discharge.
The forward portion of the plunger D is formed with a rectangular recess (1 for the reception of the punching-tools. These include a shearing-tool, (marked 1,)which is set to operate in connection with the shearing edge g of the die G, a guide-pin, (marked 3,). which is preferably constructed as indicated in Fig. 7, where it is shown mounted in the block 4 and backed by a spring 5, which presses the pin outward to its normal position, but permits it to be forced back, and a hole-punch, (marked 2,) all of which are firmly held in place by means of a plate bolted to the top surface of the plunger, which plate is formed to serve as a bar-guide L, being provided with a flaring jaw-shaped portion Z, projecting forward of the plunger and adapted to pass over the bar and to bring it to proper position to be operated upon by the punches. The latter are arranged to correspond with the die G, the punch 2 meeting the central hole g, the pin 3 one of the holes 9 and the tool 1 passing below the shearing edge g, as already described.
Stripper-plates P are secu red in position between the pl ungers and the fixed die by means of bolts 19 p. The shearing-tool 1 passes below this; but the punch 2 passes through an opening in it before puncturing the bar 0, which is thus positively stripped off of the punch as the latter is withdrawn.
The bars are merely placed in vertical position by the operator in front of each operating-plunger, being supported in vertical guides N on the face of brackets M, secured to the-frame. The bar fits loosely in these guides, which are preferably provided with antifriction-rollers n, and may be further steadied at their upper ends if desired.
Having been placed in position, the bar drops until its lower end is supported upon a plate q of suitable thickness in the passagef e. In starting upon a new bar in which there is nohole the advancing-punch 1 shears off the end of the bar, the pin 3 coming ,in contact with the solid bar is merely forced back, and
the punch 2 punches a hole in the bar. Upon the withdrawal of the punch the bar drops automatically, and on the return stroke of the plunger the same operation is repeated, except that the pointed pin 3 passes through the previously-punched hole in the bar into the hole 9 in the die before the punch reaches the bar, thus insuring, in connection with the guide L, the placing of the bar in exactly proper position before the punching of an other hole. The sheared-off nuts and punchings are forced out through the frame-passage e, as already described.
The central hole g of the die, upon which the greatest work is thrown, is preferably bushed, so as to permit its being readily kept in good form without renewing the die, and the latter is then capable of being used an indefinitely long time, each of the four shearing edges g and of the four guide-pin holes 9 being equally adapted for service.
In punching washers the form of die illustrated in Fig. 14 is used, a punch equal in diameter to the washer being substituted for the shearing-punch 1 and operating in con nection with the large hole q of the die Q, while the punch 2 and guide-pin 3 enter the holes q and 1 as before, and the punchin gs and washers are similarly removed.
By means of my improved construction I am enabled to produce a machine which is capable of performing a great amount of work with great rapidity and exactness, with a minimum amount of attention, and with a Very limited expenditure of power at any particular instant of time, which is also readily accessible in all its parts and in which each particular section is made independently operative or inoperative with the greatest ease and advantage. I
The form and arrangement of details as I have illustrated and described them are evidently capable of considerable modification without departing from the spirit of my invention, and I do not therefore desire to limit myself to the exact construction herein set forth; but
\Vhat I claim is 1. In a machine for manufacturing nuts the combination with a die G of punches l and 2 and intermediate pin 3, substantially as set forth.
2. In a machine for manufacturing nuts the combination with punches 1 and 2 and inter mediate pin 3 of the square die G with central hole and circular series of holes equally distant from said central hole, substantially as set forth.
3. In a machine for manufacturing nuts the.
7. In a machine for making nuts the combination with a fixed die and the punches carried by the plunger, of the guide-pin 3 and bar-guide L also carried by said plungerg, said die being provided with a hole to receive the guide-pin and all adapted to operate substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in-presence of two witnesses.
JAMES HERVEY STERNBERGH.
Witnesses:
H. M. M. RICHARDS, EDWIN L. MOYER.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3747452A (en) * 1972-01-12 1973-07-24 V Gilev Automatic press for die blanking of two concentric parts from steel strips

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3747452A (en) * 1972-01-12 1973-07-24 V Gilev Automatic press for die blanking of two concentric parts from steel strips

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