US5456500A - Recessed pop-top insertion indicator - Google Patents

Recessed pop-top insertion indicator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US5456500A
US5456500A US08126347 US12634793A US5456500A US 5456500 A US5456500 A US 5456500A US 08126347 US08126347 US 08126347 US 12634793 A US12634793 A US 12634793A US 5456500 A US5456500 A US 5456500A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
indicator
housing
member
leg
assembly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US08126347
Inventor
Gary Klinger
Anthony Carman
Rick Kelley
Darrell Wilczynski
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ITT Corp
Original Assignee
ITT Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L37/00Couplings of the quick-acting type
    • F16L37/08Couplings of the quick-acting type in which the connection between abutting or axially overlapping ends is maintained by locking members
    • F16L37/084Couplings of the quick-acting type in which the connection between abutting or axially overlapping ends is maintained by locking members combined with automatic locking
    • F16L37/098Couplings of the quick-acting type in which the connection between abutting or axially overlapping ends is maintained by locking members combined with automatic locking by means of flexible hooks
    • F16L37/0985Couplings of the quick-acting type in which the connection between abutting or axially overlapping ends is maintained by locking members combined with automatic locking by means of flexible hooks the flexible hook extending radially inwardly from an outer part and engaging a bead, recess or the like on an inner part
    • F16L37/0987Couplings of the quick-acting type in which the connection between abutting or axially overlapping ends is maintained by locking members combined with automatic locking by means of flexible hooks the flexible hook extending radially inwardly from an outer part and engaging a bead, recess or the like on an inner part the flexible hook being progressively compressed by axial tensile loads acting on the coupling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L2201/00Special arrangements for pipe couplings
    • F16L2201/10Indicators for correct coupling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S285/00Pipe joints or couplings
    • Y10S285/921Snap-fit

Abstract

An insertion indicator employed in conjunction with a quick connector assembly includes a base member carried within a female housing, two or more leg members extending axially from the base member and terminating adjacent an axial housing opening. A generally annular indicator member is disposed substantially within the housing opening and releasably engages the ends of the leg members. Means are provided to axially displace the base member upon engagement of the male and female elements to effect separation of the base and indicator members. Guide and limiting means are provided to ensure proper orientation of the indicator device relative to the quick connector before and during coupling of the male and female elements.

Description

This application is a continuation-in-part of the application having Ser. No. 07/809,826, filed Dec. 18, 1991, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,297,818, issued Mar. 29, 1994, and having the same assignee of interest.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to quick connectors and, more particularly, to quick connectors having means enabling, by external inspection, determination of proper coupling between the male and female portions of the connector.

CROSS-REFERENCE

This invention is related to U.S. Pat. No. 5,178,424, issued Jan. 12, 1993, entitled "Pop-Off Quick Connect Indicator" having the same assignee of interest as this application. U.S. Pat. No. 5,178,424 is hereby incorporated within this specification by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

It is desirable in fluid handling conduits to ensure that the connectors used have their male and female portions properly coupled together. A faulty connector enables an associated host system to leak fluid. This can be particularly disadvantageous when the system is under pressure and the leaking connector expels the pressurized fluid.

In the quick connector field, where male and female portions of the connectors are held together by friction locking members, it is important that the male and female portions be properly coupled. To ensure proper coupling, the installer may tug on or manipulate the connector to make sure that it is fully engaged. Also, visual types of inspecting devices enable the installer to confirm that the male and female portions are properly coupled together from observation alone.

U.S. Pat. No. 4,925,217, issued to Ketcham, discloses a quick connector with a visual checking feature wherein a deformable member is assembled within the fitting which includes elongated members extending out of the housing between the male and female portions prior to coupling and which are retracted, and no longer visible, once the coupling has been accomplished. Although this type of connector may work satisfactorily for its intended purpose, designers are always trying to improve the field. Furthermore, designs such as that employed by Ketcham provide only relatively small axial movement of the indicator member, which, when employed with relatively low cost, high tolerance manufacturing, limits the reliability of the perceived indication and, alternatively, adds additional expense to a more highly refined design. Lastly, the spring-like operation of Ketcham's vaulted annular member requires use of relatively expensive materials and can introduce additional failure modes, such as fracture of one of the legs which could interfere with proper coupling operation.

A related problem stems from dual aspects of commercially available quick connect devices, to wit: high volume and low sale price frequently necessitating the use of inexpensive, somewhat pliable materials, and complex contours of extremely small inter-fitting components. These aspects collectively increase the likelihood of mis-assembly. High volume production techniques, including automated assembly tends to aggravate the problem wherein mis-assembly or impermissible dimensional variations of the components is difficult to detect.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a visual inspection device which enables, at a glance, the installer to ensure proper coupling of the connector. Also, the present invention provides the art with a simple, inexpensive inspection device that overcomes the shortcomings of the prior art described hereinabove.

The inventive quick connector includes a generally cylindrical connector housing defining an axial opening for matingly receiving a male member. A retainer disposed substantially within the housing releasably interconnects the connector housing and male member. An insertion indicator also disposed substantially within the housing is displaced axially upon interconnection of the connector housing and male member to provide a visual indication of the interconnection. Finally, index means rotationally fixes the retainer and insertion indicator with respect to the connector housing while allowing a limited freedom of relative axial movement therebetween. This arrangement has the advantage of permitting high speed automated pre-assembly of the female portion of the quick connector while ensuring against mis-alignment or mis-assembly thereof and eliminates the need for external alignment members.

In a broad sense, a quick connect insertion indicator includes a base member of generally annular configuration which is adapted for positioning about a male conduit within the connector housing. Two or more leg members extend axially from the base member and terminate near the opening. A generally annular indicator member which is positioned substantially adjacent to and within the opening is releasably engaged with the leg member terminations. Finally, means are provided operative to axially displace the base member upon engagement of the conduit and connector housing to effect separation of the base and indicator members. Guide means provide concentric positioning of the indicator member with the housing opening until coupling of the connector is complete.

In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the insertion indicator includes an annular base member and two circumferentially spaced axially elongated leg members dimensioned such that the leg members terminate internally adjacent a step formed at the axial housing opening. Guide means are provided to maintain concentric positioning of the indicator member as least partially within the housing opening, the base member defining an abutment surface disposed to engage a mating abutment surface defined by the conduit to axially displace the base and leg members upon engagement of the conduit and connector housing to effect simultaneous separation of the base and indicator members. This arrangement provides the advantage of minimizing the overall axial length of the quick connect fitting to enhance packaging thereof and avoids inadvertent release by requiring a special release tool.

According to another aspect of the invention, the insertion indicator defines axially elongated guide surfaces operative, to engage axially elongated guide slots formed within the connector housing and radial projections on the guide surfaces that nest within radially defined grooves within the connector housing to prohibit relative rotational and undesirable axial displacement therebetween, respectively. This arrangement provides for precise positioning of the insertion indicator within the female housing to minimize the chance of mis-assembly or distortion of the components during coupling engagement. The slots and guide surfaces ensure that only desirable relative axial displacement takes place during the engagement process and that rotation and skewing of the components will not occur.

According to another aspect of the invention, the guide slots are recessed within the internal dimension walls of the female member to receive the leg members, which are of generally rectangular cross-section and define the guide surfaces. The leg members are disposed substantially radially externally of the outer diameter surface of the base member. Furthermore, the retainer comprises a pair of opposed radially outwardly directed indexing tabs which are slidingly received within the guide slots. This arrangement provides the advantage of simultaneously aligning both the retainer and the insertion indicator elements within the female housing.

According to another aspect of the invention, a small arcuate sector of the indicator member is removed, or, alternately, a rupture point is provided therein, preferably in conjunction with a generally planer tab member which is integrally formed with and radially extending from the indicator member. This arrangement provides the advantages of ensuring retention of the indicator member upon the conduit after coupling has been accomplished and facilitating its removal, if required, thereafter.

According to still another feature of the invention, the base and leg members are formed integrally with the indicator member wherein either the indicator member or the leg members include predetermined weakened points, such as by reduced cross-sectional area that will simultaneously predictably fracture upon axial loading occasioned by coupling between the conduit and its mating connector housing.

These and other features and advantages of this invention will become apparent upon reading the following specification which, along with the drawings, describes and discloses preferred and alternative embodiments of the invention in detail.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1, is a perspective exploded view of a conduit quick connect assembly embodying the present invention.

FIG. 2, is a broken, cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, of a de-mated connector housing and male conduit.

FIG. 3, represents the connector housing and male conduit of FIG. 2 in the coupled condition.

FIG. 4, is a cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken on lines IV--IV of FIG. 2.

FIG. 5, is a quarter cross-sectional view of the female housing of FIG. 2 taken from the top.

FIG. 6, is a top plan view of the preferred quick connect insertion indicator of the present invention.

FIG. 7, is a front plan view of the insertion indicator of FIG. 6.

FIG. 8, is a side plan profile view of the insertion indicator of FIG. 6.

FIG. 9, is a top plan view of a retainer employed with the present invention.

FIG. 10, is a cross-sectional view taken on lines X--X of FIG. 9.

FIG. 11, is a front plan view of the retainer of FIG. 9.

FIG. 12, is a top plan view of an alternative embodiment of the quick connect insertion indicator of the present invention.

FIG. 13, is a cross-sectional view, of a de-mated connector housing in a presently preferred embodiment.

FIG. 14, is a side plan view of the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 13.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED AND ALTERNATIVE EMBODIMENTS

Referring to FIG. 1, the present invention includes an insertion indicator device, shown generally at 10, for use with a quick connector, shown generally at 12, including male and female elements 14 and 16, respectively, and a locking member or retainer 18. With the exception of modifications described hereinbelow, quick connector 12 is representative of known commercially available devices. The quick connector 12 illustrated herein is adapted for application within systems employing tubular conduit, although it is contemplated that the present invention could be employed with other structural configurations and applications.

Male element 14 is illustrated as a thin wall metallic tube with an upset or external circumferential flange 20 integrally formed therein adjacent an open-end 22 adapted for insertion within a stepped through-passage 24 in female element 16. The end of female element 16 distal male element 14 has a series of external circumferential barbs 26 adapted for locking engagement with a resilient conduit (not illustrated). Locking member 18 is carried within an enlarged end 28 of female element 16 proximate male element 14 as will be described in greater detail hereinbelow.

As seen in FIG. 2, the through-passage 24 of female element 16 includes a stepped portion 30 within its enlarged end 28. Additional stepped portions may be provided to receive elements such as O-rings or the like (not illustrated) for sealing male element 14 within female element 16.

As best viewed in FIGS. 2 and 9-11, retainer 18 comprises a generally annular base portion 32 nestingly disposed concentrically within through-passage 24 terminating in a radially outwardly extending flange portion 34 received within a step 36 formed in female element 16 opening into stepped portion 30 and co-acting therewith to define a seat 38. Four (4) extensions 40a-d are integrally formed with base portion 32 and are circumferentially equally spaced thereabout and extend axially therefrom towards an opening 42 defined by the end of female element 16 for receiving male element 14. Locking member 18 defines two (2) inwardly directed male element engaging fingers 44, 46 depending from adjoining pairs of free ends (40a,d and 40b,c) of extensions 40. Fingers 44, 46 define radially outwardly directed abutment surfaces 48, 50 formed thereon which lockingly engage with one of a pair of opposed radial openings 52, 54 formed in female element 16. The uppermost (in FIG. 2), lateral surfaces of element 16 defining openings 52, 54 are designated as abutment surfaces 56, 58 which meetingly engage surfaces 48, 50 of retainer 18. The axially opposed ends of fingers 44, 46 define radially extending abutment surfaces 60, 62, which are, in assembly, axially spaced from seat 38 by a dimension "D" as will be described in detail hereinbelow. Fingers 44, 46 define radially inwardly tapered ramp surfaces 64, 66, extending through their axial length.

Both female element 16 and retainer 18 are made of injection molded plastic or other suitable material. Quarter cross-sections are employed in FIG. 5 for simplicity inasmuch as the structure is substantially symmetrical about the centerline axis A--A of female element 16. Lastly, certain interior components that typically would be employed with female element 16, such as sealing O-rings and spacers which normally would be disposed within through-passage 24, are deleted here for the sake of brevity.

Aligned pairs of tangential slots 68 formed in the outer surface of female element 16 open into radial openings 52, 54 as is described in co-pending application U.S. Ser. No. 07/675,374, filed Mar. 16, 1991, entitled "Quick Connect Insertion Indicator Clip", assigned to the same assignee of interest, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, stepped portion 30 of female element 16 has complementary circumferentially opposed axially elongated guide grooves 70, 72 formed in the inner-diameter surface of end 28 and opening into through-passage 24. Grooves 70, 72 are rotationally positioned approximately 90 degrees offset from radial openings 52, 54. Laterally opposed side grooves 74, 76 straddle groove 70, extending axially through stepped portion 30 and opening into through-passage 24. Likewise, side grooves 78, 80 are axially parallel to and straddle groove 72 and open radially into through-passage 24.

Opening 42 defines a stepped annular groove 82 composed of an axial outwardly facing abutment surface 84 and radially outwardly diverging alignment surface 86.

Referring to FIGS. 9 through 11, the structural details of retainer 18 are illustrated. Indexing tabs 88, 90 integrally formed with flange portion 34 of base portion 32 extend radially outwardly therefrom and are dimensioned to slip-fit within guide grooves 70, 72. Likewise, laterally spaced tangential indexing tabs 92, 94, 96, and 98, extend radially outwardly generally parallel to tabs 88, 90. Tabs 92 through 98 are, likewise, dimensioned to fit within their respective grooves 74 through 80. Flats or reliefs 100, 102 are formed in the circumferential wall of flange 34 in locations 90 degrees tangentially offset from tabs 88, 90 and are spaced radially inwardly of the inside diameter surface portion of end 28 which defines radial openings 52, 54 to ensure that flange 34 does not interfere with the use of an O.D. release tool as it penetrates openings 52, 54 to effect release of retainer 18 from female element 16. As best depicted in FIGS. 2 and 4, an O.D. release tool 166 shown in FIG. 4 in phantom will radially depress fingers 44, 46 inwardly until the radially outermost edges of abutment surfaces 48, 50 are radially inwardly spaced from the innermost edges of abutment surfaces 56, 58 to effect release. Typical prior art retainers had a constant radius flange which could interfere with the axially innermost transverse surface 165 of tool 166 and prevent release. The local radial clearance 168 (designated R in FIG. 4) provided by flats 100, 102 allows removal of retainer 18 with tool 166 still in place. Ideally, the radially outer surfaces of flats 100, 102 are disposed substantially inwardly of the innermost radial edges of abutment surfaces 56, 58. A further understanding of the present invention's interrelationship with tool 166 can be gleaned from U.S. Pat. No. 5,226,230, entitled "Universal O.D. Release Tool" issued Jul. 13, 1993 and having the same assignee as the present invention. U.S. Pat. No. 5,226,230 is hereby incorporated by reference. Tapered clearance relief surfaces 104, 106, 108, and 110 are formed in extensions 40 to prevent binding between male element 14 and retainer 18 during release. Lastly, the overall axial length of extensions 40a-d is abbreviated whereby the free ends 41a-d thereof distal base portion 32 are dimensioned to terminate adjacent abutment surface 84 of female element 16. Referring to FIGS. 6 through 8, the structural details of inventive insertion indicator device 10 are illustrated. Indicator device 10 is constructed integrally from injection molded plastic or other suitable material and includes a generally annular base member 112, two circumferentially opposed axially elongated leg members 114, 116 and a generally annular indicator member 118. Base member 112 has a characteristic outside diameter equal to or slightly less than the lateral spacing of flats 100, 102 to prevent interference with surface 165 of tool 166. Indicator member 118 has an approximately 90 degree circumferential section removed, rendering it U shaped, and defining a permanent opening between circumferential fingers 120, 122 which are spaced approximately one half of the diameter of male element 14 to ensure that after coupling, indicator member 118 remains engaged with its associated male element 14 until it is intentionally removed therefrom. The radially innermost surfaces of leg members 114, 116, are tangentially integrally Joined with necks 115, 117 formed on the outer diameter circumferential surface 124 of base member 112 and extend radially outwardly therefrom. Leg members 114, 116 are generally rectangular in cross-section and define opposed radially outwardly facing guide surfaces 126, 128, as well as opposed lateral guide surfaces 130 through 136. Each leg member 114, 116 extends from base member 112 to an opposed end which is integrally formed with indicator member 118. The point of interface between leg members 114, 116 and indicator member 118 forms a necked region 138, 140 which are preferably dimensioned identically to ensure as close as possible equal pull-apart strength.

Indicator member 118 includes a generally rectangular recess 142 formed in the inner diameter surface 143 thereof. Indicator member 118 has a stepped typical cross-section defined by a rightwardly facing (as viewed in FIG. 8) radially outwardly extending circumferential abutment surface 144 and a right-hand most inner abutment surface 146 interconnected by a circumferential tapered fillet 148.

Quick connector 12 and indicator device 10 are provided with a system of guide surfaces which facilitates automated assembly and substantially reduces the likelihood of mis-assembly or component damage resulting from the assembly process. Grooves 70 through 80 interact with indexing, tabs 88 through 98 on retainer 18 as well as leg members 114, 116 of indicator device 10 to provide positive indexing therebetween to ensure against rotational mis-positioning. Multiple, laterally spaced sets of grooves 74, 70, 76 and 78, 72, 80 are provided to enhance the purchase of retainer 1S (via tabs 98, 90, 94 and 96, 88, 92, respectively) upon female element 16 to further reduce the likelihood of rotational mis-positioning by increasing the characteristic maximum chord dimension from the central axis. Because grooves 70 through 80 extend axially the entire length of end 22 of female element 16, they afford proper indexing of retainer 18 and indicator device 10 during the entire assembly process wherein retainer 18 and then indicator device 10 are sequentially axially inserted into female element 16 through opening 42. When fully inserted, base portion 32 of retainer 18 abuts step 36 of female element 16 and abutment surfaces 48, 50 of engaging fingers 44, 46 resiliently expand into radial openings 52, 54 to provide a lock-fit therebetween. Thereafter, as indicator device 10 is inserted, its base member 112 ramps axially along abutment surfaces 64, 66, momentarily resiliently displacing fingers 44, 46 radially outwardly until base member 112 is axially intermediate abutment surfaces 60, 62 and seat 38. Thus, indicator device 10 is positively retained within female element 16 by retainer element 18. Indicator device 10 insertion is complete when indicator member 118 surfaces 144, 146 and 148 abut female element 116 surfaces 83, 84 and 86, respectively. The radially extending surface of base member 112 facing abutment surfaces 60, 62, defines a seat for the leading edge of flange 120 of male element 14. It is thus, essential that dimension D as best seen in FIG. 2, provide for tolerance stack-up of axial dimension of flange 20, base member 112 and base portion 32.

Grooves 70, 72 are radially deep enough to substantially receive the section of leg members 112, 114 to ensure clearance for the insertion of male element 14 while maintaining axial freedom of movement of base member 112.

As best viewed in FIG. 2, indicator device 10 is illustrated in a first condition indicative of non-engagement between male and female elements 14 and 16. The leg members 114, 116 extend axially toward opening 42 to engage indicator member 118 such that abutment surface 144 of indicator member 118 abuts the upward most portion 83 (upward most as viewed in FIGS. 2 and 3) portion or transverse face 150 of female element 16. A substantial portion of indicator member 118 nests within groove 82 with abutment surface 146 abutting abutment surface 84 and alignment surface 86 following the contour of fillet 148 to effect a self-centering of indicator member 118 within opening 42.

Leg members 114, 116 are provided with a characteristic length which, in the pre-coupling condition illustrated in FIG. 2, suspends base member 112 axially from seat 38 of base portion 32 of retainer 18. Because surfaces 126 through 136 are in intimate sliding relationship with respect to grooves 170 through 180, base member 112 is secured from rotation or skewing prior to during and after the coupling process of quick connector 12.

Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, during the mating process of connector 12, end portion 22 of male member 14 enters through-passage 24, passing through the inner-diameter of both indicator and base members 112 and 118 of indicator device 10 and base portion 32 of retainer 18. Flange 20 of male element 14 is dimensioned to axially ramp along surfaces 64, 66 of fingers 44, 46 until the trailing edge thereof passes abutment surfaces 60, 62, at which point fingers 44, 46 will resiliently snap radially inwardly to entrap flange 20 in its position as illustrated in FIG. 3. As the insertion process continues, the leading (lowermost) edge of abutment flange 20 contacts the upwardmost abutment surface of base member 112. Further downward displacement of male element 14 will carry base member 112 of insertion device 10 therewith. In so doing, leg members 114, 116 will be placed in tension, causing fracture thereof at neck regions 138, 140. Because indicator device 10 is positionally controlled during the coupling process, fracturing at neck regions 138, 140, is extremely predictable and takes place virtually simultaneously. This is in marked contrast to earlier designs in which one leg often would separate prior to the other causing the base member 112 to become distorted and possibly prevent full engagement of quick connector 12. Insertion is complete when the leading (lowermost) edge of base member 112, driven by circumferential flange 20, abuts seat 38. At this point, the trailing edge of flange 20 is passed downwardly past abutment surfaces 60, 62, of finger members 44, 46, which then snap radially inwardly, entrapping flange 20 as well as base member 112 of indicator device 10 in its designated installed position as illustrated in FIG. 3.

As shown in FIG. 2, the axial spacing (B-A) between the lowermost surface of base member 112 and the uppermost surface of seat 38 must be sufficient to accommodate a small degree of resiliency inherent in the material from which indicator device 10 is formed and ensure rupture at neck regions 138, 140. Upon such rupture, the tensional loading of leg members 114, 116 vill cause a snap-back reaction as indicated by arrows 152, causing indicator member 118 to be actually ejected axially away from female element 16. Thereafter, it will be loosely retained on the portion of male element 14 leading away from the coupling in such a manner as to be clearly indicative of separation and thus a complete coupling has taken place. Alternately, indicator member 118 can be removed by grasping it about its peripheral surface and resiliently distorting fingers 120, 122 for removal from male element 14. Recess 142 has a secondary function in that it creates a weakened or hinge point to enhance removal of indicator 25 member 118 from male element 14.

Referring to FIG. 12, an alternative embodiment of an indicator device 156 is illustrated which differs only in that an associated indicator member 154 is completely annular and is contemplated for applications where it may be desirable to allow it to permanently encircle male element 14 throughout the life cycle of the fitting. Indicator member 154 is provided with radial slits 156, 158 with only a thin section of web 160 remaining therebetween. If removal is desired, indicator member 154 can be removed by gripping it manually or with a tool and pulling radially away from male element 14, rupturing web 160 in the process. Removal is further enhanced by a provision of a generally planer finger tab 162 extending radially therefrom which is integrally formed with indicator member 154 of indicator device 153 and optionally provided with instructional indicia 164. The remainder of the construction of indicator device 153 is as vas described with reference to the preferred embodiment illustrated in detail in FIGS. 6 through 8.

Referring now to FIGS. 13 and 14, the presently preferred embodiment of this invention is shown to highlight further improvements and advantages provided by insertion indicators designed in accordance with this invention. Female housing member 16 is modified compared to the female housing member illustrated in FIGS. 1-5. Insertion indicator 10 is also modified compared to that shown in FIGS. 1-12. The further inventive features associated with the presently preferred embodiment will now be described.

Enlarged end 28 of female element 16 is modified such that the modified insertion indicator 10 is disposed substantially within female element housing 16. In order to facilitate nesting of insertion indicator 10 within female housing 16, end 200 defines a shoulder 202. Shoulder 202 is defined by radially extending bearing surface 204 and circumferential surface 206. When properly positioned within female housing element 16, insertion indicator 10 is nested within end 200 such that generally annular indicator member 218 is automatically centered and disposed substantially within housing member 16 such that outer surface 219 on indicator member 218 is in line with surface 201 of end 200 as shown in the drawings.

Generally annular indicator member 218 includes an outer surface 210 defined by a largest outer diameter of indicator 10 that is slightly smaller than the inner diameter of surface 206 on housing member 16. Indicator member 218 also includes abutment surface 212 that bears against bearing surface 204 in housing member 16. The abutment between surfaces 212 and 204 enables indicator member 218 to function in accordance with the description given above with respect to FIGS. 1-12. Upon proper engagement of the male element into female housing element 16, bearing surface 204 prevents axial displacement of indicator member 218 inward into housing member 16 beyond the point of bearing surface 204. The radial length of bearing surface 204 and that portion of abutment surface 212 that cooperates with it are preferably long enough such that engagement of a male member into female housing element 16 does not permit indicator member 218 to undesirably protrude axially inward into housing element 16.

Further, indicator member 218 preferably is a complete ring or, more preferably includes a gap 219 bridged to provide a closed ring with a predetermined weakened point. The bridged gap facilitates removing member 218 from around a conduit after proper coupling.

Indicator member 10 is further modified from that illustrated in FIGS. 1-12. A radial projection or rib 220 is provided on each of leg members 114 and 116. Radial projections 220 cooperate with notches or radially defined grooves 230 within housing member 16. The cooperation between ribs 220 and notches 230 prevents undesirable axial movement of indicator 10 relative to housing 16 until proper coupling of a male element within female element 16. Radial projections 220 are preferably designed to prevent undesirable axial movement of indicator 10 relative to housing 16 while not preventing the desirable movement of legs 114 and 116 along with base member 112 toward seat 38 upon proper engagement of a male member in accordance with the description above in reference to FIGS. 1-12.

The nested feature including annular indicator member 218 being substantially disposed within female housing element 16 provides several advantages. First, it has been found that during shipment or storage of a plurality of quick connector assemblies 12 that the distal barbed end of one female element 16 may become entangled with the enlarged receiving end 28 of another thereby rendering the tangled female housing elements and retainer assemblies unusable.

Further, when undesirable axial play exists between the indicator 10 and housing 16 it is possible for something to become lodged between the indicator member 10 and the end 28 of female housing element 16. Undesirable obstructions, even if minor, can interfere with proper coupling and indication as detailed above. Moreover, the embodiments illustrated in FIGS. 1-12 includes the possibility that generally annular indicator member 118 can become partially or completely detached during shipment. The nested feature of the preferred embodiment of this invention overcomes this difficulty and the provision of the radial projections on legs 114 and 116 further prohibit undesirable axial play between the housing element and indicator 10 to thereby maintain the nested feature and avoid undesirable interference in accurate insertion indication or entanglement during shipment or storage.

Female housing element 16 is further modified in accordance with the presently preferred embodiment to avoid the undesirable entanglement Just described. The end of female housing element 16 that is most distal from the male element includes an improved barbed design 240. The first barb 242 is provided with an elongated edge that extends axially along housing element 16 a distance great enough to prevent a barb from becoming entangled within the retainer 18 of the partially assembled connector assembly 12. For example, it can be appreciated from drawings in FIG. 1 and FIG. 5 that the most distal barb 26 on female element 16 could become inserted within the enlarged end 28 of a second female housing element and thereby become entangled with a retainer 18 within that second female housing element. The elongated barb 242 in FIG. 13 prevents such undesirable entanglement by not allowing any surface to but up against or become caught on abutment surfaces such as 60 and 62 shown in FIG. 2.

The improvements shown in the preferred embodiment illustrated in FIG. 13 further facilitate proper coupling of male and female elements and resilient tubing as may be desired. By having the indicator 10 nested within or substantially disposed within the female housing element 16 it ensures proper coupling of the male element without undesirable entanglement or deformation of the indicator member 10 prior to proper engagement between the male and female elements.

It is to be understood that the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments and variations to provide the features and advantages previously described and that the embodiments are susceptible of modification as will become apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, it is contemplated that leg members 114, 116 could terminate in a snap-apart, reusable fitting such as described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,178,424. Accordingly, the foregoing is not to be construed in a limiting sense.

Claims (41)

What is claimed is:
1. A quick connector assembly, comprising:
a generally cylindrical connector housing defining an axial opening for matingly receiving a male member;
a retainer disposed substantially within said housing operative to releasably interconnect said connector housing and male member;
index means for rotationally fixing said retainer with respect to said connector housing and providing a limited freedom of relative axial movement therebetween; and
an insertion indicator disposed substantially within said housing wherein said indicator is axially displacable in response to interconnection with said connector housing and male member to thereby visually indicate interconnection thereof, and wherein said index means further rotationally fixes said insertion indicator with respect to said connector housing.
2. The assembly of claim 1, wherein said index means comprises at least one axially extending radially inwardly opening guide slot formed in an inside diameter surface of said connector housing and associated locating tabs carried by both said retainer and insertion indicator extending radially outwardly within said slot to rotationally fix said housing, retainer and insertion indicator while enabling limited relative axial movement therebetween.
3. The assembly of claim 1, wherein said housing includes an elongated barb at a second axial end distal from said opening, said elongated barb having a partially sloped surface extending axially from a terminal point on said distal end to a first engagement surface, said terminal point having a nominal radius and said engagement surface having an outside dimension greater than said nominal radius, said sloped surface having an axial length dimension at least greater than the axial distance between said housing opening and an engagement surface on said retainer.
4. A quick connect insertion indicator comprising:
a generally annular base member adapted for positioning about a conduit within a connector housing;
a plurality of circumferentially spaced, axially extending elongated leg members terminating internally adjacent an axial housing opening;
a generally annular indicator member disposed substantially adjacent said opening releasably engaging said leg member terminations;
means for limiting relative axial movement between said indicator and said housing; and
guide means operative to maintain concentric positioning of said indicator with said connector housing, said base member defining an abutment surface disposed to engage a mating abutment surface defined by said conduit to axially displace said base and leg members upon engagement of said conduit and connector housing to effect substantially simultaneous separation of said base and indicator members.
5. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said base and leg members are integrally formed of injection molded plastic.
6. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said base member has an outside diameter dimensioned less than the inside diameter dimension of said housing opening and an inside diameter dimensioned slightly greater than the nominal outside diameter dimension of said conduit and slightly less than the outside diameter dimension of said conduit abutment surface.
7. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said indicator member has an inside diameter dimensioned slightly greater than the outside diameter dimension of said conduit abutment surface.
8. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said indicator member is integrally formed with said base and leg members, and said leg members include a predetermined weakened point operative to predictably fracture under axial loading to effect said separation.
9. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said indicator member is integrally formed with said base and leg members, and said indicator member includes at least one predetermined weakened point operative to predictably fracture under axial loading to effect said separation.
10. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said guide means comprises an outer peripheral surface of said indicator member adjacent a radially extending abutment surface adapted to be nestingly received within a shoulder within said housing opening.
11. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said indicator defines axially elongated guide surfaces cooperating with axially elongated guide slots formed in said connector housing to prohibit relative rotational displacement therebetween.
12. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 11, wherein said guide surfaces as formed on said leg members.
13. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 12, wherein said leg members are generally rectangular in cross-section and define both radial and opposed lateral guide surfaces.
14. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 4, wherein said limiting means comprises radially extending projections disposed on said leg members and a corresponding radially defined notch within said housing.
15. The quick connect insertion indicator of claim 14, wherein said radially extending projections define a pair of axially opposite abutment surfaces that abut corresponding abutment surfaces defined within said notch when said projections are properly received within said notch, whereby said indicator is prevented from moving axially relative to said housing.
16. A quick connector assembly, comprising:
mating male and female elements;
locking means operative to positively interconnect said elements in a fixed relative orientation;
said female element defining a generally cylindrical housing portion substantially enclosing said locking means, said housing portion forming a shoulder at an open end thereof for receiving said male element and a seat at an end opposed from said open end, said male element defining an external annular bead dimensioned to be nestingly received by said seat and said locking means defining a plurality of circumferentially spaced, axially extending resilient finger members defining radially inwardly directed ramp surfaces and abutment surfaces at an end thereof distal said housing open end operative to entrap said bead between said seat and abutment surfaces; and
an insertion indicator including a generally annular base member disposed about said male element within said female element, said insertion indicator having a plurality of circumferentially spaced, axially extending elongated legs carried by said base member and terminating adjacent said open end, a generally annular indicator member disposed substantially within and adjacent said open end releasably engaging said leg member terminations, guide means operative to maintain concentric positioning of said indicator substantially within said connector housing, and means for limiting relative axial movement between said indicator and said housing, said base member defining an internal abutment surface disposed to engage said annular bead to axially displace said base member upon interconnection of said elements to effect simultaneous separation of said base and indicator members.
17. The assembly of claim 16, wherein said limiting means include radial projections disposed on said legs and a cooperating radially defined notch within an inner diameter peripheral surface on said housing.
18. The assembly of claim 16, wherein said generally annular indicator member is received substantially within said shoulder adjacent said housing opening.
19. The assembly of claim 16, wherein said finger members are equally circumferentially spaced, and said legs and finger members are circumferentially interdigitated.
20. The assembly of claim 19, wherein there are four finger members and two legs.
21. The assembly of claim 16, wherein said housing includes an elongated barb at a second axial end distal from said opening, said elongated barb having a partially sloped surface extending axially from a terminal point on said distal end to a first barb surface, said terminal point having a nominal radius and said engagement surface having an outside dimension greater than said nominal radius, said sloped surface having an axial length dimension at least greater than the axial distance between said housing opening and said locking means abutment surfaces.
22. A quick connector insertion indicator, comprising:
an indicator portion for indicating proper coupling between a conduit and a connector, said indicator portion having at least one leg;
engaging means defining an abutment surface associated with said one leg; and
frangible connection means for permitting a release of said indicator portion upon engagement of said abutment surface by said conduit to thereby indicate said proper coupling.
23. The indicator of claim 22, wherein said indicator portion is generally annular.
24. The indicator of claim 22, wherein said engaging means is spaced from said indicator portion on said leg, and said abutment surface extends radially inward and is adapted to engage a bead defined on said conduit during coupling of said conduit and connector.
25. The indicator of claim 24, wherein there are two legs and said engaging means is associated with each said leg.
26. The indicator of claim 22, wherein said engaging means comprises a base portion including said abutment surface that is adapted to engage an abutment surface on said conduit during coupling of said conduit and connector and wherein said base portion is disposed at an end on said leg distal from said indicator member.
27. The indicator of claim 26, wherein said base portion is generally annular.
28. The indicator of claim 22, wherein said indicator portion is formed integrally with said engaging means and said connection means from a plastic material.
29. The indicator of claim 22, wherein said frangible connection means comprises a necked region on said leg having a reduced thickness relative to a thickness of said leg such that said necked region ruptures upon said proper coupling.
30. The indicator of claim 29, wherein said necked region is disposed at a preselected point along an axial length of said leg.
31. The indicator of claim 30, wherein said necked region is disposed proximate said engaging means.
32. A quick connector assembly, comprising:
a connector housing;
a retainer disposed substantially within said housing for releasably coupling a conduit with said connector housing; and
an indicator, cooperating with said retainer and housing, for visually indicating proper coupling between a conduit and said housing, said indicator having means allowing a portion of said indicator to be frangibly released upon said proper coupling.
33. The assembly of claim 32, wherein said indicator comprises a generally annular indicator member and an abutment surface operatively connected to said indicator member, said abutment surface engaging said conduit during coupling between said housing and conduit.
34. The assembly of claim 33, wherein said indicator member and said abutment surface are integrally formed from a plastic material.
35. The assembly of claim 33, wherein said indicator member and said abutment surface are operatively connected by a leg having a necked region disposed at a preselected point along an axial length of said leg such that said necked region predictably fractures to thereby effect separation of a portion of said indicator upon said proper coupling.
36. The assembly of claim 33, further comprising a pair of diametrically spaced legs.
37. The assembly of claim 35, wherein said abutment surface is disposed at an axial end of said leg distal from said indicator member.
38. The assembly of claim 35, wherein said necked region is proximate said abutment surface.
39. The assembly of claim 35, wherein said necked region is proximate said indicator member.
40. The assembly of claim 35, wherein said necked region is disposed at a medial point on the length of said leg member.
41. The assembly of claim 35, wherein said necked region has a reduced thickness relative to a thickness of said leg such that said necked region predictably fractures upon said proper coupling to thereby effect the release of said portion of said indicator.
US08126347 1991-12-18 1993-09-24 Recessed pop-top insertion indicator Expired - Lifetime US5456500A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07809826 US5297818A (en) 1991-12-18 1991-12-18 Retainer for pop-top indicator
US08126347 US5456500A (en) 1991-12-18 1993-09-24 Recessed pop-top insertion indicator

Applications Claiming Priority (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08126347 US5456500A (en) 1991-12-18 1993-09-24 Recessed pop-top insertion indicator
US08282859 US5542712A (en) 1991-12-18 1994-07-29 Quick connector housing with elongated barb design
JP50981594A JPH09506152A (en) 1993-09-24 1994-09-12 Quick connector housing having a hight barb design
EP19940927401 EP0720711B1 (en) 1993-09-24 1994-09-12 Quick connector housing with elongated barb design
DE1994626652 DE69426652D1 (en) 1993-09-24 1994-09-12 Quick clutch housing with an outstretched rib
PCT/US1994/010243 WO1995008732A1 (en) 1993-09-24 1994-09-12 Quick connector housing with elongated barb design
DE1994626652 DE69426652T2 (en) 1993-09-24 1994-09-12 Quick clutch housing with an outstretched rib
US08934453 US5893590A (en) 1991-12-18 1997-09-19 Quick connector housing with elongated barb design to prevent accidental engagement

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07809826 Continuation-In-Part US5297818A (en) 1991-12-18 1991-12-18 Retainer for pop-top indicator

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08282859 Continuation-In-Part US5542712A (en) 1991-12-18 1994-07-29 Quick connector housing with elongated barb design

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US5456500A true US5456500A (en) 1995-10-10

Family

ID=25202304

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07809826 Expired - Lifetime US5297818A (en) 1991-12-18 1991-12-18 Retainer for pop-top indicator
US08126347 Expired - Lifetime US5456500A (en) 1991-12-18 1993-09-24 Recessed pop-top insertion indicator

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07809826 Expired - Lifetime US5297818A (en) 1991-12-18 1991-12-18 Retainer for pop-top indicator

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (2) US5297818A (en)
EP (1) EP0547489B1 (en)
JP (2) JP2714337B2 (en)
DE (2) DE69222126D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2106122T3 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0846907A2 (en) * 1996-12-05 1998-06-10 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Quick acting connector with insertion check element
WO1998027376A1 (en) * 1996-12-18 1998-06-25 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. High pressure quick connect coupling with reduced volumetric displacement and piloted snap ring
US6378908B1 (en) 1999-12-08 2002-04-30 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. High pressure quick connector
US6637780B2 (en) * 2001-04-06 2003-10-28 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Quick-action connector assembly including a latching indicator member
US20030218334A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2003-11-27 Akira Takayanagi Quick connector
US20100001518A1 (en) * 2005-04-07 2010-01-07 Hiroyuki Okada Quick Connector

Families Citing this family (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5324082A (en) * 1991-08-29 1994-06-28 Bundy Corporation Positive transition quick connect coupling
US5297818A (en) * 1991-12-18 1994-03-29 Itt Corporation Retainer for pop-top indicator
US5542712A (en) * 1991-12-18 1996-08-06 Itt Corporation Quick connector housing with elongated barb design
FR2705133B1 (en) * 1993-05-10 1995-08-04 Caillau Ets Quick Connect.
US5425556A (en) * 1993-09-24 1995-06-20 Itt Corporation Pop top insertion indicator for thin walled connectors
US5441313A (en) * 1994-01-18 1995-08-15 Bundy Corporation Insertion indicator for quick connector
US5518276A (en) * 1994-09-16 1996-05-21 Bundy Corporation Quick connector with pull back verification method
US5499848A (en) * 1994-09-26 1996-03-19 Bundy Corporation Connection verifier for a quick connector coupling
US5730481A (en) * 1994-11-04 1998-03-24 Itt Automotive, Inc. Quick connector with snap-on retainer
US5951063A (en) * 1995-06-07 1999-09-14 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Quick connector with snap-on retainer having enhanced engagement
US5542716A (en) * 1994-11-04 1996-08-06 Itt Corporation Quick connector with snap-on retainer
US5609370A (en) * 1994-12-02 1997-03-11 Itt Corporation Positive latch quick connector
US5628531A (en) * 1995-04-26 1997-05-13 Bundy Corporation Quick connector with secondary latch
WO1997012170A1 (en) * 1995-09-26 1997-04-03 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Quick connector with confirmation feature
US6234544B1 (en) 1995-09-26 2001-05-22 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Quick connector with confirmation feature
US5779278A (en) * 1995-12-27 1998-07-14 Itt Automotive, Inc. Pop off insertion indicator for metal quick connectors
JP2880453B2 (en) 1996-06-07 1999-04-12 三桜工業株式会社 Retainer of piping coupling device
DE19624524C2 (en) * 1996-06-20 1998-07-02 Raymond A & Cie Detachable plug connection with assembly indication
EP0939873A1 (en) * 1996-11-20 1999-09-08 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Quick connector with visual indicator
US5863077A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-01-26 Itt Automotive, Inc. Quick connector with snap-on frangible retainer
DE69712530T2 (en) * 1997-04-22 2003-01-09 Itt Mfg Enterprises Inc Quick coupling in metal with clutch Gazette
EP0905431A3 (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-09-15 Aeroquip-Vickers International GmbH Coupling device
US6113151A (en) * 1998-01-27 2000-09-05 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. High pressure quick connect and production process therefor
DE19822574C1 (en) * 1998-05-20 1999-10-14 Raymond A & Cie Fuel line quick coupling for motor vehicle
US6062607A (en) * 1998-07-17 2000-05-16 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Quick connector with secondary latch confirming feature
US6293596B1 (en) 1999-01-06 2001-09-25 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Quick connector with after incident indicator clip
US6193283B1 (en) 1999-10-29 2001-02-27 Automotive Fluid Systems, Inc. Conduit and block connection indicator device
US6543814B2 (en) 2000-08-10 2003-04-08 John M. Bartholomew Quick connector
DE102005060135A1 (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-07-05 A. Raymond Et Cie Coupling for connecting the ends of two pipes in a fluid pipe system has securing part with substantially closed annular sleeve with latching part(s) and locking piece(s) mounted on side of annular sleeve by radially sprung spring bridges
WO2010025225A1 (en) * 2008-08-27 2010-03-04 Elkhart Brass Manufacturing Company, Inc. Quick connect coupler
EP2591268A1 (en) * 2010-07-09 2013-05-15 Dresser Wayne AB Fuel dispensing unit comprising a locking member for retaining a fuel conduit in a locked position
US8297659B2 (en) 2011-02-22 2012-10-30 Miniature Precision Components, Inc. Quick connector assembly

Citations (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4244608A (en) * 1979-03-05 1981-01-13 The Gates Rubber Company Female coupling with staple lock
CA1148191A (en) * 1981-04-20 1983-06-14 Phillip W. Eckels Liquid coolant transfer device
US4753458A (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-06-28 Harvard Industries, Inc. Quick connector assembly
US4756558A (en) * 1987-06-25 1988-07-12 General Motors Corporation Quick connect tube coupling
US4783101A (en) * 1987-05-20 1988-11-08 Buell Industries, Inc. Locking element
US4793637A (en) * 1987-09-14 1988-12-27 Aeroquip Corporation Tube connector with indicator and release
GB2216213A (en) * 1988-03-01 1989-10-04 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kk Pipe coupling with means for indicating correct connection
US4895396A (en) * 1988-03-08 1990-01-23 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Connector for connecting small diameter pipe
US4913467A (en) * 1988-03-03 1990-04-03 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Connector for connecting small diameter pipe
US4915420A (en) * 1988-03-05 1990-04-10 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Connector for connecting pipe
US4919457A (en) * 1988-02-29 1990-04-24 Erminio Moretti Releasable plug connection
US4925217A (en) * 1988-10-24 1990-05-15 Huron Products Corporation Quick connector with visual checking method
US4948176A (en) * 1987-09-14 1990-08-14 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Swivelable quick connector assembly
DE4003461A1 (en) * 1989-02-07 1990-08-23 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kk Connectors for pipes of small diameter
US4964658A (en) * 1988-07-29 1990-10-23 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Small-size piping coupling joint
US4979765A (en) * 1980-10-29 1990-12-25 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Swivelable quick connector assembly
US5002315A (en) * 1988-04-07 1991-03-26 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Quick connector
US5135268A (en) * 1990-11-08 1992-08-04 Huron Products Industries Quick connector
US5152555A (en) * 1991-03-26 1992-10-06 Itt Corporation Quick connect insertion indicator clip
US5178424A (en) * 1991-07-01 1993-01-12 Itt Corporation Pop-off quick connect indicator
US5226679A (en) * 1991-05-16 1993-07-13 Itt Corporation Quick connect insertion indicator
US5226230A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-07-13 Itt Corporation Universal o.d. release tool
US5228728A (en) * 1991-12-17 1993-07-20 Huron Products Industries, Inc. Tube retainer release sleeve
US5257548A (en) * 1990-03-21 1993-11-02 Ford Motor Company Security test device
US5297818A (en) * 1991-12-18 1994-03-29 Itt Corporation Retainer for pop-top indicator
US5342099A (en) * 1992-02-25 1994-08-30 Rasmussen Gmbh Fluid coupling with condition indicator

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01136789U (en) * 1988-03-11 1989-09-19
JPH0317115Y2 (en) * 1988-04-01 1991-04-11

Patent Citations (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4244608A (en) * 1979-03-05 1981-01-13 The Gates Rubber Company Female coupling with staple lock
US4979765A (en) * 1980-10-29 1990-12-25 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Swivelable quick connector assembly
CA1148191A (en) * 1981-04-20 1983-06-14 Phillip W. Eckels Liquid coolant transfer device
US4753458A (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-06-28 Harvard Industries, Inc. Quick connector assembly
US4783101A (en) * 1987-05-20 1988-11-08 Buell Industries, Inc. Locking element
US4756558A (en) * 1987-06-25 1988-07-12 General Motors Corporation Quick connect tube coupling
US4793637A (en) * 1987-09-14 1988-12-27 Aeroquip Corporation Tube connector with indicator and release
US4948176A (en) * 1987-09-14 1990-08-14 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Swivelable quick connector assembly
US4919457A (en) * 1988-02-29 1990-04-24 Erminio Moretti Releasable plug connection
US4946205A (en) * 1988-03-01 1990-08-07 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Connector for connecting small diameter pipe
GB2216213A (en) * 1988-03-01 1989-10-04 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kk Pipe coupling with means for indicating correct connection
US4913467A (en) * 1988-03-03 1990-04-03 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Connector for connecting small diameter pipe
US4915420A (en) * 1988-03-05 1990-04-10 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Connector for connecting pipe
US4895396A (en) * 1988-03-08 1990-01-23 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Connector for connecting small diameter pipe
US5002315A (en) * 1988-04-07 1991-03-26 Proprietary Technology, Inc. Quick connector
US4964658A (en) * 1988-07-29 1990-10-23 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. Small-size piping coupling joint
US4925217A (en) * 1988-10-24 1990-05-15 Huron Products Corporation Quick connector with visual checking method
DE4003461A1 (en) * 1989-02-07 1990-08-23 Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kk Connectors for pipes of small diameter
US5257548A (en) * 1990-03-21 1993-11-02 Ford Motor Company Security test device
US5135268A (en) * 1990-11-08 1992-08-04 Huron Products Industries Quick connector
US5152555A (en) * 1991-03-26 1992-10-06 Itt Corporation Quick connect insertion indicator clip
EP0505930B1 (en) * 1991-03-26 1996-06-12 ITT INDUSTRIES, INC. (a Delaware corporation) Quick connect insertion indicator clip
US5226679A (en) * 1991-05-16 1993-07-13 Itt Corporation Quick connect insertion indicator
US5178424A (en) * 1991-07-01 1993-01-12 Itt Corporation Pop-off quick connect indicator
US5226230A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-07-13 Itt Corporation Universal o.d. release tool
US5228728A (en) * 1991-12-17 1993-07-20 Huron Products Industries, Inc. Tube retainer release sleeve
US5297818A (en) * 1991-12-18 1994-03-29 Itt Corporation Retainer for pop-top indicator
US5342099A (en) * 1992-02-25 1994-08-30 Rasmussen Gmbh Fluid coupling with condition indicator

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0846907A2 (en) * 1996-12-05 1998-06-10 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Quick acting connector with insertion check element
EP0846907A3 (en) * 1996-12-05 2000-04-19 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Quick acting connector with insertion check element
WO1998027376A1 (en) * 1996-12-18 1998-06-25 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. High pressure quick connect coupling with reduced volumetric displacement and piloted snap ring
US5882049A (en) * 1996-12-18 1999-03-16 Itt Automotive, Inc. High pressure quick connect with reduced volumetric displacement and piloted snap ring
US6378908B1 (en) 1999-12-08 2002-04-30 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. High pressure quick connector
US6637780B2 (en) * 2001-04-06 2003-10-28 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Quick-action connector assembly including a latching indicator member
US20030218334A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2003-11-27 Akira Takayanagi Quick connector
US7401818B2 (en) * 2002-05-23 2008-07-22 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Quick connector
US20100001518A1 (en) * 2005-04-07 2010-01-07 Hiroyuki Okada Quick Connector
US7971912B2 (en) * 2005-04-07 2011-07-05 Sanoh Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Quick connector

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPH1061856A (en) 1998-03-06 application
EP0547489B1 (en) 1997-09-10 grant
ES2106122T3 (en) 1997-11-01 grant
EP0547489A1 (en) 1993-06-23 application
US5297818A (en) 1994-03-29 grant
JPH05240387A (en) 1993-09-17 application
DE69222126T2 (en) 1998-01-22 grant
JP2714337B2 (en) 1998-02-16 grant
JP2837663B2 (en) 1998-12-16 grant
DE69222126D1 (en) 1997-10-16 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3317220A (en) Releasable fluid coupling
US2521127A (en) Fluid tight joint
US5931509A (en) Connection verification and secondary latch device
US4498658A (en) Pipe coupler arrangement
JP4145123B2 (en) Fittings
US5401063A (en) Primary/secondary retainer for beaded/flared tubing
US3995897A (en) Coupling
US4635975A (en) Quick-connect tube coupling
US4035005A (en) Quick connect coupling with weather seal
US5934709A (en) Fluid couplings
US7128347B2 (en) Passive transmitter for a quick connector
US4640534A (en) Fluid coupling assembly
US7467813B2 (en) Quick connector
US5779284A (en) Tube coupling bodies having resilient fingers spaced from the groove wall
US5441313A (en) Insertion indicator for quick connector
US5085548A (en) Nut and snap ring position locking device
US2739615A (en) Connectors
US5782502A (en) Radial-release quick connector
US3724882A (en) Tube-to-hose connection
US5779279A (en) Connection verification and secondary latch device
US4423892A (en) Swivelable quick connector assembly
US7011342B2 (en) Connecting device comprising means for instantaneous connection of a pipe end to a member and means for protecting the connection
US4671540A (en) Coupling
US4123090A (en) Push-pull fitting
US4934743A (en) Assembly for forming a mechanical connection to an object

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: ITT CORPORATION, NEW YORK

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KLINGER, GARY;CARMAN, ANTHONY;KELLEY, RICK;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:006824/0378;SIGNING DATES FROM 19931116 TO 19931123

CC Certificate of correction
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 12

AS Assignment

Owner name: DEUTSCHE BANK TRUST COMPANY AMERICAS, AS COLLATERA

Free format text: GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COOPER-STANDARD AUTOMOTIVE INC.;REEL/FRAME:022408/0695

Effective date: 20090318