US519416A - Robert l - Google Patents

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US519416A
US519416A US519416DA US519416A US 519416 A US519416 A US 519416A US 519416D A US519416D A US 519416DA US 519416 A US519416 A US 519416A
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instrument
piece
part
tail
strings
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/04Bridges, mutes, or capo-tastos

Description

(No Model.)

' R. L. TURNER.

TAILPIEGE FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. No. 519,416. Patented May 8,1894.

WITNESSES: Ti '5 INVENTOH Robzri LIurne-r, v

1'11" y (I a J) I I I I 7 ATTORNEY.

I THE wu'ioum. LITHGGRAPHING COMPANY, vusumamn. u. 04

UNITED. STATES PATENT OFFICE.

ROBERT L. TURNER, OF INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA.

TAILPIECE FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 519,416, dated May 8, 1894.

Application filed February 6, 1894.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ROBERT L. TURNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Indlanapolis, in the county of Marion and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tailpieces for Musical Instruments, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to that class of devices known as tail-pieces, to which the strings of musical instruments are attached at the lower end. I have designed it especially for guitars, but it may obviously be attached to any instrument of similar form, as will be readily understood.

Said invention will be first fully described, and the novel features thereof then pointed out in the claims.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, which are made a part hereof, and on which similar letters of reference indicate similar parts, Figure 1 is a top or plan view of a guitar provided with a tail-piece embodying my said invention; Fig. 2 a perspective view of a tail-piece separate, the position of the adj acent portion of the guitar case being indicated by dotted lines; Fig. 3 a view showing the guitar casein section, and the tail-piece in side elevation, as seen from the dotted lines 3 3 in Figs. 1 and 4; Fig. 4 a transverse sectional View on the dotted lines 4 4 in Figs. 1 and 3, and Fig. 5 a detail transverse sectional view of the string piece on the dotted line 5 5 in Figs. 1 and 4.

In said drawings the portions marked A represent the case of'the guitar or other musical instrument; B the ordinary bridge thereon O the arm forming the main member of my improved tail-piece; D the member to which the strings are attached; E the supporting brace, and F stay rods.

The case A is of any usualor desired form, and needs no special description. It has the usual block A set inside at the extreme tail end. The bridge B is or may be also of any ordinary or desired form, and supports the strings S in the usual manner.

The part G of my tail-piece is in the form of an arm having a comparatively large bearing plate C formed integrally therewith, and at right angles thereto, which bearing plate is slotted, and through which slot a bolt A Serial No. 499,248. (No model.)

connecting it to the case A passes, and the outer end of this bolt forms the usual button upon the lower end of the instrument. The bearing portion 0 of this part 0 is slotted rather than provided with ahole or holes for convenience in putting the same in place, and in adjusting the same to the required height. The nut a on the bolt A is held from turning by being seated in a shallow way on the inside of this plate, as shown in Fig. 4, but the piece as a whole is easily moved up and down, as will be readily understood. When put in place, with the bolt screwed up tightly, it is held firmly in position, as will be plainly seen.

The part D consists of a cross-bar having two arms which extend up through holes in the sounding board of the instrument, to the top of which arms the string piece is secured; with an arm extending downwardly havinga perforation which slides on over the arm 0. This part as a whole may be secured to said arm at any desired point by means of a thumscrew 0. The top part D, to which the strings are attached, is preferably formed of sheet metal, bent as shown, and placed on the upwardly projecting arms of the part D, where it is secured, preferably by passing in small pins d through perforations therein, which hold this part D firmly and rigidly onto said arms. The under half of said part D has a number of notches in it, equal to the number of strings, and the method of attachment is to form a knot in the end of each string and place it into one of these notches, when the knot will draw in between the two plates of this part D, thus removing it from view, and protecting it. The strings, as shown in Fig. 3, are then drawn up over the bridge and carried to the other end of the instrument, where they are secured in the ordinary manner. It will be observed that by this means of attachment the lower ends of the strings are carried directly from the base or tail-piece of the instrument without coming in contact, either immediately or through any other part, with the sounding board of the instrument; while the main part of the tail-piece itself is inside the instrument and entirely out of the way and hidden from view, only the portion to which the strings are directly attached appearing above the surface projecting arms of the part D pass are someof the sounding board. The holes in the sounding board through which the upwardly what larger than said arms, so that they are entirely free from said sounding board. The part D and the part D carried thereby being adjustable by the means described, one of my improved tail-pieces can be applied to any instrument, and adjusted to the desired point, without reference to the size of the instrument.

In order to more stiffly and firmly support my tail-piece I prefer to attach the brace E which rests against the block A inside the lower end of the instrument, at one end, and is connected to the outer end of the bar 0 at the other end. This is also adjustable by means of a socket slipped over the end of the bar 0, and a set-screw e which is placed therein, and by which this device can be clamped to said bar G, and thus some adjustment may be provided.

The rods F, while I provide for them, I expect to use only in the larger instruments. They are attached at their rear ends to the base of the arm 0, and run thence forward through-eyesin the partD on each side. Small nutsfenable this adjustment to follow that of the other parts. Obviously, when these are used, they hold the ends of the partD firmly from being pulled one way or the other, and thus, in very large instruments, when the strings are applied upon one side, it is not liable to pull this part around, or strain it out of place, as might be done if this support were not used. Generally, and especially in medium and smaller sized instruments, these rods will not be found to be necessary; but I prefer to use them as a precautionary measure in very large instruments.

The great advantage of my tail-piece is that it is wholly inclosed and out of the way, and bears at no part upon the sounding part of the instrument. As will be readily understood, this latter feature is very valuable in that it removes all interference with the vibration of the sounding board or top, and thus the tone of the instrument is improved and rendered louder. The string piece and bridge can also be more conveniently brought near to each other, which is an advantage.

Having thus fully described my said invention, what Iclaim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A tail -piece for musical instruments adapted to be secured within the instrument, and having parts which are adapted to extend i up through holes in the sounding board of the instrument, to which the strings are attached. said tail-piece thus being wholly inclosed, and free from contact with the sounding board of the instrument.

2. The combination, in a tail-piece for m usical instruments, of an arm 0, and a part D j having arms extending up through holes in the top of the instrument, and a cross-bar D on the top of said arms to which the strings are attached, the tail-piece being secured to the inner side of the lower end of the instrument, substantially as set forth.

3. The combination, in a tail-piece for musical instruments, of the arm 0, the part D adjustably mounted thereon and having arms which extend up through the top of the instrument, and a cross-bar D to receive the strings, secured on the top of the arms of said adjustable part, substantially as set forth.

4:. The combination, with a musical instrument, of a tail-piece adapted to be secured inside thereof, consisting of an arm C with a base C, and a bolt A by which it is secured to said instrument, a part D mounted on said arm C and having arms which extend up through holes in the top of said instrument, and a suitable part on the top of said arms to which to attach the strings.

5. The combination, with a tail-piece for musical instruments adapted to be secured inside of the same, of a brace E, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

6. The combination, with a musical instrument, of a tail-piece consisting of a main por' tion and a cross portion and adapted to be socured within the instrument, means for so seecuring the said tail piece, and tie-rods F for steadying the cross piece, substantially as shown and described.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, at Indianapolis, Indiana, this 1st day of February, A. D. 1894.

ROBER" L. TURNER.

\Vitnesses:

Crrns rna BRADFORD, JAMES A. WALSH.

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4253371A (en) * 1979-09-10 1981-03-03 Guice Ronald H Carrier/saddle structure for stringed musical instruments
US5260505A (en) * 1992-01-06 1993-11-09 Kendall Donald W Reversing and preventing warpage in stringed musical instruments
US5679910A (en) * 1994-01-10 1997-10-21 Steinberger; Richard Ned Adjustable neck for stringed musical instrument
US5895872A (en) * 1996-08-22 1999-04-20 Chase; Douglas S. Composite structure for a stringed instrument
US6265648B1 (en) 1999-05-17 2001-07-24 Richard Ned Steinberger Stringed musical instrument
US20030145712A1 (en) * 2002-01-11 2003-08-07 Steinberger R. Ned Stringed musical instrument
US20050076764A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-04-14 Davis Michael W. Acoustical stress member
US20080190263A1 (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-08-14 Darren Drew Sound board support system
US20110179937A1 (en) * 2010-01-25 2011-07-28 Gennady Miloslavsky Brace for stringed instruments
US8217245B1 (en) 2010-05-27 2012-07-10 Mckenney James R Guitar
US8648238B1 (en) * 2012-08-02 2014-02-11 James A Trabits String instrument
US20140060291A1 (en) * 2011-05-10 2014-03-06 Hotspur Management Pty Ltd Electro-mechanical musical instrument
US20140150625A1 (en) * 2011-05-15 2014-06-05 Michael Miltimore Acoustic string instrument
US9502006B1 (en) * 2014-09-14 2016-11-22 Guitar Hospital, Inc. Load displacement assembly and a stringed musical instrument including the same

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4253371A (en) * 1979-09-10 1981-03-03 Guice Ronald H Carrier/saddle structure for stringed musical instruments
US5260505A (en) * 1992-01-06 1993-11-09 Kendall Donald W Reversing and preventing warpage in stringed musical instruments
US5679910A (en) * 1994-01-10 1997-10-21 Steinberger; Richard Ned Adjustable neck for stringed musical instrument
US5895872A (en) * 1996-08-22 1999-04-20 Chase; Douglas S. Composite structure for a stringed instrument
US6265648B1 (en) 1999-05-17 2001-07-24 Richard Ned Steinberger Stringed musical instrument
US20030145712A1 (en) * 2002-01-11 2003-08-07 Steinberger R. Ned Stringed musical instrument
US6831218B2 (en) 2002-01-11 2004-12-14 R. Ned Steinberger Stringed musical instrument
US20050076764A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-04-14 Davis Michael W. Acoustical stress member
WO2005038769A2 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-04-28 Davis Michael W Acoustical stress member
WO2005038769A3 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-10-06 Michael W Davis Acoustical stress member
US20080190263A1 (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-08-14 Darren Drew Sound board support system
US20110179937A1 (en) * 2010-01-25 2011-07-28 Gennady Miloslavsky Brace for stringed instruments
US8203059B2 (en) 2010-01-25 2012-06-19 Gennady Miloslavsky Brace for stringed instruments
US8217245B1 (en) 2010-05-27 2012-07-10 Mckenney James R Guitar
US20140060291A1 (en) * 2011-05-10 2014-03-06 Hotspur Management Pty Ltd Electro-mechanical musical instrument
US8940984B2 (en) * 2011-05-10 2015-01-27 Hotspur Management Pty Ltd Electro-mechanical musical instrument
US20140150625A1 (en) * 2011-05-15 2014-06-05 Michael Miltimore Acoustic string instrument
US8648238B1 (en) * 2012-08-02 2014-02-11 James A Trabits String instrument
US9502006B1 (en) * 2014-09-14 2016-11-22 Guitar Hospital, Inc. Load displacement assembly and a stringed musical instrument including the same

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