US512449A - Pupo pupeschi - Google Patents

Pupo pupeschi Download PDF

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US512449A
US512449A US512449DA US512449A US 512449 A US512449 A US 512449A US 512449D A US512449D A US 512449DA US 512449 A US512449 A US 512449A
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key
lever
plate
pupo
pupeschi
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/04Valves; Valve controls
    • G10D9/047Valves; Valve controls for wood wind instruments

Description

P. PUPESGHI.
WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
No. 512,449. Patented Jan. 9, 1894.
g H F15. 2 6 O X H fa /e715) I 4" wa 76 4.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
PUPO PUPESOHI, OF FLORENCE, ITALY.
WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 512,449, dated January 9, 1894.
Application filed December 30, 1892. Serial No. 456,816- (No model.)
To CLZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, PUPo Pnrnscnna subject of the Kin g'of Italy, and a resident of Florence, Italy, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Musical Wind Instruments, of which the following is a specification.
In all wind instruments such as clarinets, Saxophones, oboes, flutes, &c., the short key moved by the little finger of the left hand produces only one fundamental note, usually, called Cfi or Gfl on the clarinet; Gfi on the oboe and the flute. In order to reduce the number of keys and to give greater facility in slurring rapidly certain notes, I have int? it (clarinet), to produce two or three notes, fundamental sounds or relative harmonics, without lifting the finger which makes it act.
In the drawings Figures 1 and 2 represent in elevation my invention as applied to wind instruments.
The mechanism by which I replace the key a it 0a and a plate S (Figs. 1 and 2). This plate is not soldered as heretofore to the lever 03; but is connected to the ring D or to one of the rings D, E, F. The ring D has a spring of sufficient strength to lift the plate S which remains open when it does not receive the action of the lever 00 but in the normal state this lever cc presses on the plate S andis fitted with a spring of superior strength to the one on the plate; the action of the lever 50 closes the plate S.
In order to produce the double or even treble effect required taking the clarinet as an example (Fig. 1) I place the key I-I above the arm of the lever The first action will then be: By pressing the little finger of the left hand on the end of the key H, the lever m swings, leaves the plate S and allows it to open. For the second effect I keep the little finger on the end of the key II and I produce the tone by the usual fingering; for the third eifect of the same key H I maintain the little finger of the left hand on the key and produce the tone with the ordinary fingering of the clarinet. It is to be observed that in vented a mechanism allowing the key of as formerly used, is composed of a lever the three effects which have been described, the plate S, being connected to the ring D,
will close itself naturally by the ordinary fingering required for the production of the second and third effects. I can obtain the same result by placing the key H underneath the lever ac. The multiple effect required could also be obtained by the mechanism shown in Fig. 2, in which the key II is combined with the key D and plate 4.
The main feature of my invention consists giving or three fundamental notes with their respective harmonics and consequently facilitating the fingering.
The mechanism can be constructed in many ways. I have taken as eXample,in the clariin enabling the key to produce two in the oboe the G}; key serving also to net the key 8% serving also to the notes lt it; produce the low Dfl. In the flute the Gfi could, taken by the long key, be used also to produce the C5 from the Cl; or other notes.
My invention can, naturally, be adapted to all instruments having in their construction a similar key to that designed in the clarinet under the name %%in the oboe and the flute under the name of Gfi.
My invention may be adapted to the several types of the clarinet family, the flute, the oboe, the bassoon and the saxophone, the.
I claim- In combination in a wind instrument the plate S, the lever 00 arranged to press said plate down but formed separate therefrom, the ring D underspring tension connected to the plate S and arranged to lift the same when freed from the action of the lever 09, the spring for the lever to of greater strength than that for the ring D and the key 11 for operating the lever cc, substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name, in presence of two witnesses, this 1st day of December, 1892.
PUPO PUPESCHI.
' Witnesses:
J onn VAL JACKSON, srrnrro Bnnnnnnnz.
US512449D Pupo pupeschi Expired - Lifetime US512449A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090320667A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-12-31 Reisner Ernst Fingering mechanism for woodwind instruments

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090320667A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-12-31 Reisner Ernst Fingering mechanism for woodwind instruments
US7851685B2 (en) * 2008-06-27 2010-12-14 Ernst Reiβner Fingering mechanism for woodwind instruments

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