US492720A - Separator - Google Patents

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US492720A
US492720A US492720DA US492720A US 492720 A US492720 A US 492720A US 492720D A US492720D A US 492720DA US 492720 A US492720 A US 492720A
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passage
casing
disk
box
space
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • B07B4/025Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall the material being slingered or fled out horizontally before falling, e.g. by dispersing elements

Description

. 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.- J FREY SEPARATOR.
(N0 Modl.)
Patented Feb. 23,1893.
UNIT STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN FREY, OF WVEST BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA.
SEPARATO R.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 492,720, dated February 28, 1893. 7 Application filed May 11, 1892. Serial No. 432,631. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOHN FREY, a citizen of the United States, residingat West Berkeley, Alameda county, State of California, have invented an Improvementin Separators; and I hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same.
My invention relates to the general class of machines for separating, and especially to that sub-class in which the separation is due to a current of air acting on the different particles, according to their specific gravities.
My invention is applicable to the cleaning and purifying of mill stock, and as a dust collector. It is also useful in separating the Hour from ground marble and may be used for separating the precious particles from auriferous sand, earth or gravel.
My invention consists in the novel construction, combinations and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described and specifically pointed out in the claims.
The object of my invention is to provide a separator of this class, in which the course of the material is such that it will be distributed equally and suspended to the best advantage for the action of the air current,to efiect the separation of the lighter from the heavier particles, and said lighter particles themselves shall be separated and graded effectually.
Referring to the accompanying drawings for a more complete explanation of, my invention,-Figure 1 is a vertical section of my separator, taken on the line 'ww of Fig. 2. Fig. 2 is a cross section on the line w-x of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a vertical section of the grading chute T, taken on the line yy of Fig. 2.
A is the main casing. It is arranged vertically, and is preferably cylindrical. To one side of this casing is secured a vertical box B, which communicates with the main casing top and bottom through passages b, and both casing and box are closed in substantially air tight. Extending centrally through casing A is a vertical shaft 0, having a pulley 0 below whereby it may be rotated. Upon this shaft, within the upper end of easing A is a conical distributing disk D, having a diameter sufliciently less than the interior diameter of casing A to leave an annular space d between its rim and the casing. The disk may be adjustable up and down on 'the shaft by resting upon or formed with a sliding hub or collar 01 on the shaft, and. fixed in position by a set screw d Upon shaft 0, below disk D, is a second distributing disk E similar to the first, having a hub or collar '6' and set screw 6 and leaving an annular space 8 between its edge and the casing A.
Secured to the casing A is an annular conical hood F, which lies above the space at and extends over the distributing disk D. In that portionof the hood which lies under the upper passage 1) are made holes f which con1- municate with space at directly below.
Secured to casing; A is a funnel G which communicates with space dand lies under distributing disk D; This funnel has no neck, and its open base is joined by a second annular conical hood Hs'ecured to the casing A, and extending over space e and distributing disk E. 9 7? Secured to the casing A, directly under space e, is a receiving funnel I, having an inclined annular neck '1', terminating in a discharge spout' t" which projects through casing A. In this annular neck is fitted and supported a cylinder J, open at each end,an'd encircling shaft 0.
Secured to the lower portion of shaft 0 isa hub k provided with radial arms is, to which are secured the vertical fan blades K. These blades are peculiar in'that their outer edges incline upwardly towardthe center {as shown. To the tops of these blades, or to the shaft above said bladesis secured a cover plate 10 which snuglyfitsshaftQandentirelyincloses the top of the fan, leaving onlythe upwardly flaring air passages a between the inclined outer edges of the blades K and wall of cas ing A.
L is the receiving hopper the top of cas 1 ing A. Its neck Z extends down into the casing and opens out just above the middle of distributing disk D. The hopper is verti cally adjustable by being supported upon a bracket M, the arms of which are provided with adjusting screws m. border to prevent the material in the hopper neck from coming in contact with rotating shaft 0, there is a sleeve Z passing through and secured in the neck of the hopper and fitted about the shaft.
The upper end of box B is downwardlyinclined as shown, and in said box, and to the upper end of its inner wall, is secured the inclined partition N, parallel with the inclined top of the box. It terminates short of the outer wall of the box, and thus forms therein a passage 01., which at its top communicates with passage 1), and at its lower end has a discharge passage n.
Secured to the outer wall of box B is an inclined partition 0, parallel with partition N, and terminating short of the inner wall of the box. This forms a passage 0 which at its lower end communicates with discharge passage 41. and at its upper end has a dis-.
charge passage 0'. The upper end of partition 0 is provided with an upwardly extending flange 0 the purpose of which is to contract passage 0 at that point.
Secured to the inner wall of boxB is an inclined partition P parallel to partition 0, and stopping short of the outer wall of the box, thus forming a passage 19 which at its upper end communicates with discharge passage 0, and at its lower end it has a discharge passage p'. In like manner there are partitions Q and S similarly arranged to partition 0, forming respectively passages q and s with communications with preceding discharge passages, and having discharge passages q and s,and contracting flanges g and 8 while between them is a partition R, similar to partition P, and forming passage 4 communicating with discharge passage q and having at its lower end discharge passage r. The discharge passage s of the final passage 8 communicates with the lower passage 1) joining box B and casing A.
In the outer Wall of box B at the lower ends of passages 0, q and s'respectively, are outlet valves 0 g and 3 These consist of simple hinged flaps opening outwardly. Secured to the outer side of box B and covering these valves is a grading ch ute T, divided into three passages 75, t and t Under valve 0 is a swinging gate 75 which controls by its movement passagestand t, and allows the material from said valve to flow into either passage. Valve g opens into passage t and under this is a swinging gate 6 adapted to direct the material from valve g into either passagetort Valve s 'also opens into passage 1? and under it is a gate i adapted to direct the material from said valve into passages 25 or F. In the outer side of chute T are covered hand holes U from which samples can be drawn when needed.
In the upper end of passage 71. in box B, is a gate V adapted to close and open said passage fully or partially as may be needed in the operation of the machine.
The operation is as follows:-The material is fed into hopper L and passes down to and upon the center of disk D. Power being applied to shaft 0, the disk'rapidly rotates, and on account of its conical shape, the material is thrown not only outwardly but upwardly as well, thus leaving the disk surface in equal distribution, and being suspended above it,
and guarded by overlying hood F so that it will not fly oft too far. While thus suspended it is acted upon by the current of air produced by the fan blades K below, which said current passing up through cylinder J, reaches in its course the space 01 and rounding the edge of disk D, meets the suspended material between said disk and hood F. Here separation of the lighter from the heavier particles takes place, the former being carried by the current up past the open center of annular hood F,and up through passage 19 into box B. The heavier particles pass down against the air current, and falling through space 01 into funnel G are by it conducted to and delivered upon the center of rotating conical disk E, upon which and between it and overlying hood H, the same distribution and suspension takes place. Here the material is again acted upon by the air current flowing up through space 6, and the lighter particles still remaining are carried up past hood H, through funnel G, space d, past hood F, and through passage b to box B. The now thoroughly separated, cleaned and purified heavy particles drop through space 6 into funnel I, passing around cylinder J in the annular neck '5 of said funnel, and are delivered through spout z" into suitable receptacles. The lighter particles are carried by the air current, which has now become a suction, through top passage b into passage n of box B. In this they flow downwardly and passing through discharge passage a fall into passage 0. In this they are sucked upwardly, and a further separation of the heavier from the lighter particles takes place, both by reason of the upward flow and because of the contracted upper end of said passage,which tends to deaden the current in said passage. The heavier particles settle down into the lower end of the passage 0 and when they have accumulated sufficiently, their weight will overcome the pressure on the outlet valve 0 which has remained closed under the force of the suction, and they will pass out into the grader chute T, where being sampled through gate V they will be allowed to pass down the appropriate passage therein. The lighter particles are sucked over and down through passage 0 into passage 19, down which they will flow and through passage 19' into uprising passage g. In this passage there will be another separation, similar to that which took place in passage 0, and so on down to the bottom of box B, where the dust will be collected, and the now clean air will be sucked through lower passage 12 back into casing A, and be passed through the fan again. Thus at outlet valves f g and 5 there will issue'difierent grades and character of material, and in the bottom will be collected the finest dustor flour.
The object of the holes f in the hood F is to permit any heavy particles dropping'ont of the air current to pass back again into it.
The object of the inclined outer edges of fan blades K is to make the flaring spaces, a for the better passage of the air, and at the same time provide the greatest surface of blade consistent with said spaces. The cover plate 10 of the blades is of great advantage in that it provides for the passage of the air only by the periphery of the fan, and it also catches such fine dust as may drop back, and throws it out by its revolution into the current again.
The bracket M by being raised or lowered will lift or drop the hopper L,t0 vary its feeding space between the lower end of its neck and disk D.
The machine, while being adapted for general separating purposes, is a purifier and a dust collector when working with mill stock. It will separate from wheat, the dust, cheat, cockles, small particles of straw, chad, and any foreign light matters. From middlings it will separate small particles of bran, flour, dust and other specks; and so on with various mill stocks. It will be especially useful in separating the flour from the fine gritty rock of ground marble, and it can be used to separate'the precious particles from auriferous sand, earth or gravel.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a separator, the combination of a rotating conical disk upon which the material is fed, adrive shaft upon which the disk is secured, a conical hood contiguous to the disk extending over and partially inclosing said disk but separated from the latter to form a surrounding air space, and a fan below the disk for directing an air current through said space between the disk and hood, substantially as herein described.
2. In a separator, the combination of a rotating conical disk upon which the material is fed, an overlying annular hood forming a passage between itself and said disk, and
means for directing an air current through said passage, said hood being provided with openings through which particles carried up by the air current may pass back into the same, substantially as herein described.
3. In a separator, the combination of a casing, a rotating shaft therein, a conical disk upon said shaft leaving a space between its edge and the casing, an annular hood overlying said space and contiguous to and partially inclosing said disk but separated therefrom to form a surrounding air space and a fan mounted uponthe rotating shaft within the casing below the disk, for directing an air current through said'space and between the disk and hood, substantially as herein described.
4. In a separator, the combination of a casing, a rotating shaft therein, a conical disk mounted on said shaft and leaving a space between its rim and the casing, an annular hood overlying said space and disk and having the holes f made in it over the space, and a fan for directing an air current through said space and between the disk and hood, substantially as herein described.
5. In a separator, the combination of a casing, a rotating shaft therein, the separated conical disks D and E on said shaft leaving the annular spaces at and earound their edges, the annular hoods F and H overlying said disks and spaces,-a hopper for delivering the material upon the center of disk D, the funnel G between the disks for receiving the material from disk D and delivering it to the center of disk E, the funnel I with the discharge spout below the disk E and a fan for directing an air current throughthe spaces 6 and d and between the disks and their respective hoods, substantially as herein described.
6. In a separator, the combination of a casing, a rotating shaft therein, the separated conical disks D and E on said shaft leaving the annular spaces d and e around their edges,
the annular hoods F and H overlying saiddisks and spaces, a hopper for delivering the material upon the center of disk D, the funnel G between the disks for receiving the material from disk D and delivering it to the center of disk E, the funnel I with its inclined annular neck and discharge spout, the cylinder J within said neck, and a fan on the shaft in the bottom of the casing for directing an air current through cylinder J, through the spaces e and d and between the disks and their respective hoods, substantially as herein described. I
7.' In a separator, the combination of acasing having the rotating shaft, and the hopper in its top, the conical disks on said shaft having encircling spaces, the annular hoodsoverlying said disks and spaces, the intervening funnel G and discharge funnel I, the cylinder J, and the fan on the shaft in the lower end of the casing, said fan having vertical blades K with inclined outer edges and a cover plate 10 substantially as herein described.
8. In a separator, the combination of casing A and boxBhaving communicating ends, a fan in the casing for creating a continuous air current through casing and box, separatiug passages in the casing in'which through the action of the air the lighter particles are carried off into box B, and communicating passages in said box wherein by the action of the air the lighter particles are separated according to their specific gravities, substantially as herein described.
9. Ina separator, the casing A, the rotating shaft therein with conical diskforming an encircling space, an annular hood overlying said disk and space and a fan in the bottom of the casing for directing an air current through said space and between the disk and its hood, in combination with the box B communicating with the casing above and below the fan therein wherebya continuous air current is created through casing and box, and the vertical series of inclined passages in said box adjacent passages communicating at opposite ends, substantially as herein described.
10. In a separator, the casing A having separating devices and a fan whereby the lighter are separated from the heavier particles of the material passing through the casing, in combination with the boxB communicating with the casing above and below the fan therein whereby a continuous air current is created through casing and box, and the vertical series of inclined passages in said box adjacent passages communicating at opposite ends, substantially as herein described.
11. In a separator, a box through which passes an air current, said box having a series of inclined passages, adjacent passages communicating at opposite ends, alternate passages being contracted at their upper communicating openings, substantially as herein described.
12. A separator consisting of the casing A and box B communicating at each end, the rotating shaft in the casing having the conical disks with encircling spaces, the annular hoods overlying said spaces and disks, the hopper for delivering the material on the center of the uppermost disk, the funnel G for delivering the material to the center of the next disk, the discharge funnel I with inclined annular neck and discharge spout, the cylinder J in said funnel,the fan on the shaft in the lower portion of casing A, the vertical series of inclined passages in box B, adjacent passages communicating at opposite ends, alternate passages being contracted at their upper communicating openings and having valved outlets at their lower ends, substantially as herein described.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
JOHN FREY. WVitnesses:
S. H. NOURSE, J. H. BAYLESS.
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426946A (en) * 1944-06-03 1947-09-02 August F Pfingsten Centrifugal cleaner for winnowing and screening grain
US2529679A (en) * 1947-10-21 1950-11-14 Safety Car Heating & Lighting Scourer-aspirator and method
US2645345A (en) * 1950-09-09 1953-07-14 Safety Car Heating & Lighting Grain aspirating machine
US2695755A (en) * 1951-01-02 1954-11-30 John J Denovan Method and apparatus for disintegrating raw materials
US2739708A (en) * 1951-01-02 1956-03-27 Hall Machinery Of Canada Ltd Separatory apparatus for concentrating asbestos fibers
US3023903A (en) * 1958-12-03 1962-03-06 Nortons Tividale Ltd Heavy media process and apparatus
US3351195A (en) * 1963-04-08 1967-11-07 Hukki Risto Tapani Method and apparatus for continuous classification of solid particles dispersed in afluid carrier
US3656618A (en) * 1968-06-19 1972-04-18 Polysius Ag Air sifter
US5458245A (en) * 1992-10-20 1995-10-17 Buhler Gmbh Device for cleaning a mixture of substantially granular grains and method for cleaning this mixture of grains

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426946A (en) * 1944-06-03 1947-09-02 August F Pfingsten Centrifugal cleaner for winnowing and screening grain
US2529679A (en) * 1947-10-21 1950-11-14 Safety Car Heating & Lighting Scourer-aspirator and method
US2645345A (en) * 1950-09-09 1953-07-14 Safety Car Heating & Lighting Grain aspirating machine
US2695755A (en) * 1951-01-02 1954-11-30 John J Denovan Method and apparatus for disintegrating raw materials
US2739708A (en) * 1951-01-02 1956-03-27 Hall Machinery Of Canada Ltd Separatory apparatus for concentrating asbestos fibers
US3023903A (en) * 1958-12-03 1962-03-06 Nortons Tividale Ltd Heavy media process and apparatus
US3351195A (en) * 1963-04-08 1967-11-07 Hukki Risto Tapani Method and apparatus for continuous classification of solid particles dispersed in afluid carrier
US3656618A (en) * 1968-06-19 1972-04-18 Polysius Ag Air sifter
US5458245A (en) * 1992-10-20 1995-10-17 Buhler Gmbh Device for cleaning a mixture of substantially granular grains and method for cleaning this mixture of grains

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