US484104A - Joiner s clamp - Google Patents

Joiner s clamp Download PDF


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US484104A US484104DA US484104A US 484104 A US484104 A US 484104A US 484104D A US484104D A US 484104DA US 484104 A US484104 A US 484104A
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    • B25B5/00Clamps
    • B25B5/16Details, e.g. jaws, jaw attachments
    • B25B5/166Slideways; Guiding and/or blocking means for jaws thereon


SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 484,104, dated October 11, 1892.
Application filed November 2, 1891. Serial No, 410,567- (No model.) V I To all whom it may concern.-
,Be it known that I, FRANK MARTIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Joiners Clamps, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to bar-clamps, such as are used by joiners, machinists, and others, for the various uses for which the same are applicable; and it consists in the clamp embodying certain elements constructed and combined in a novel manner, as hereinafter more fully set forth, embracing a holding-bar provided with two clamping heads or jaws adjustable thereon, one of which is readily adjusted to ultimate positions by hand and engages by pressure from the opposite head through the object clamped. The other clamping-head is engaged and controlled by a screw operated through a fixed head by means of a crank.
The principal feature of novelty in the present invention relates to the construction and arrangement of what may be termed the backing head or jaw of the clamp, by which its hand-adjustment upon the holding-bar is greatly facilitated, and its engagement at any point without backlash or lost motion is secured.
Mechanism embodying my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of the device complete; Fig. 2, a rear View of the backing head, andFig. 3 a detached perspective view of the holding-pawl.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, A designates the holding-bar; B O, the adjustable clamping heads or jaws; E, the fixed head; D, the adj usting-screw, and F the manipulating-crank. The holding-bar A is preferably a thin bar of steel of rectangular cross-section and plane surfaces. The three heads B, O, and E referred to may be of cast iron or steel and are formed to embrace the bar A-the two former so as to slide freely thereon, while the latter is secured thereto by a single central rivet passed from outside to outside through the bar A, as shown at a. The construction and mode of combination of the clampinghead O, the screw D, and the fixed head E do not differ materially from the ordinary practice.
The independent clamping-head or backing head B is constructed and arranged as follows: The rectangular slot by which it embraces the bar A is extended upward to re ceive a rectangular friction-block P, whose under surface may be crossed and covered by dentate grooves, as indicated in Fig. 3. The head is also provided with a cross-opening b, as shown in Fig. 1, adapted to receive an eccentric pawl or cam 0, provided with a handle c, and engaging the friction-block P by means of the surface groove d, as clearly shown in the drawings. The handle 0' projects downward outside and is engaged and held forward by a' spring 3, backed against a suitable projection, as b, of the headBat the side of the bar A, whereby the pawl is always held in readiness for action. The arrange ment of these parts, as will clearly appear by reference to Fig. 1, is such that any backward pressure upon the backing-head B operates through the cam c to force the friction-block P directly downward upon the holding-bar A, and if the pressure be excessive would embed the projections of its dentate surface into the upper face of the holding-bar. It will also be seen that by placing the fingerssay, of the left hand behind the projection b and the thumb against the outside of the handle c' and compressing these two together the friction-block Pwould at once be released and the head B readjusted to any desired position upon the holding-bar A without removing the hand.
It will be seen that all the parts described may be cast and fitted together with very little expense and labor, excepting the holdingbar, which is cut from the ordinary merchant bars of rolled steel.
I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States- 1. In a joiners clamp, an integral clamping or backing head provided with a slot adapted to embrace and extend above the connecting-bar and with a lateral opening extended through the side checks of the slot, in combination with a friction-block riding upon the connecting-bar within the slot, and an echead and the friction-block within the slot,
and a spring operating upon and holding said I 5 pawl or cam normally engaging the clampinghead and friction-block, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing 20 witnesses.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2656864A (en) * 1949-04-21 1953-10-27 Grand Specialties Company Straight beam clamp with adjustable self-locking jaw
US20040025400A1 (en) * 2002-07-08 2004-02-12 Salato Joseph L. Water fowl motion decoy

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2656864A (en) * 1949-04-21 1953-10-27 Grand Specialties Company Straight beam clamp with adjustable self-locking jaw
US20040025400A1 (en) * 2002-07-08 2004-02-12 Salato Joseph L. Water fowl motion decoy

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