US48389A - Improvement in postage and revenue stamps - Google Patents

Improvement in postage and revenue stamps Download PDF

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Publication number
US48389A
US48389A US48389DA US48389A US 48389 A US48389 A US 48389A US 48389D A US48389D A US 48389DA US 48389 A US48389 A US 48389A
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Prior art keywords
stamps
stamp
postage
improvement
paper
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F3/00Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means; Seals; Postage or like stamps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/29Securities; Bank notes

Definitions

  • the object of thisinvention is to dispense with the canceling or defacing of stamps by writing over or stamping or by any operation other than the affixin g of the same onto the paper.
  • stamps For certain purposes, such as postal, its further object is to so prepare stamps as to admit of their obliteration or defacing, after being affixed in the most expeditiousmanner,without the necessity of stamping or mode heretofore employed of canceling the same.
  • My invention therefore consists in incorporating with or applying onto the stamp two or more ingredients, such as will chemically combine to produce a dark color or stain under the action of the moisture.
  • ingredients such as will chemically combine to produce a dark color or stain under the action of the moisture.
  • both or all ingredients may be embodied in or combined with the stamp before delivered for sale, so that when moistened for the purpose of sticking the same onto paper it may be defaced at once and become unsalable and unfit to be used again.
  • postage-stamps but one of theingredients is used, so that no chemical 1 combination or stain will be effected by merely moistening it, the other ingredient or ingredients being used at the receiving-office and applied to the stamp in the manner hereinafter described, for the purpose of producing the combination which effects the cancellation.
  • stamps paper but little or not at all sized or glazed.
  • This paper is soaked in a solution of ferro-cyanide of potassium or an infusion of nut-galls. The solution may be applied on the side which is to be gummed, and the paper is then allowed to dry.
  • Sulphate of iron reduced to an im palpable powder is rubbed onto the opposite side or face of the stamp,and the back is gummed over in the usual manner.
  • the gum maybe spread over the paper by means of stencil-plates.
  • theferro-cyanideof potassium will combine with the sulphate of iron and produce a stain of a deep-blue color, which will permanently deface the stamp.
  • the gallic or tannic solutions With the gallic or tannic solutions a pergallate or pertannate of iron will be formed, which is black.
  • other ingredients both organic and inorganic, may be used to produce combinations with similar effects, to determine which is the province of the chemist.
  • the face of the stamp may be coated with a varnish or sizing, so that no ordinary dampness may affect the stamp before it is used.
  • the paper maybe soaked with a solution of sulphate of iron, and fine-powdered nut-galls may be used in lieu of the powdered sulphate of iron.
  • the paper is soaked in sulphate of iron before it is gummed. Otherwise the stamp is prepared in the usual manner. These stamps may be affixed by moistening them without defacing them, and the letters are dropped into the post-office with clean stamps on them.

Description

P TEN T QFFICEQ.
. SAML. WARD FRANCIS, OFNEW YORK, N. Y.
IMPROVEMENT IN POSTAGE AND REVENUE STAMPS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No- 48389, dated June 27, 1865.
Toxall whom it may concern: Be it known that I, SAMUEL WARD FRAN- 01s, of New York, in the county and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Revenue, Postage, and other Stamps; and I hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same.
The object of thisinvention is to dispense with the canceling or defacing of stamps by writing over or stamping or by any operation other than the affixin g of the same onto the paper.
For certain purposes, such as postal, its further object is to so prepare stamps as to admit of their obliteration or defacing, after being affixed in the most expeditiousmanner,without the necessity of stamping or mode heretofore employed of canceling the same.
To carry my invention into effect due regard must be had to the mode of using the stamps and the means of protection-against fraud provided by the laws'and the government. Thus, revenue-stamps should be canceled as soon as used or attached to the instrument in writing. The danger of using it again arises mostly from the omission to cancel the same. If, therefore, a stamp be made self-cancelin g or self-destructive, by the very act of attaching it theobject of this invention will be attained; but for postages the self-cancellation would afford no means tion, by simply handling or disturbing the let-- ter, thus saving great loss of time attendingthe defacing and stamping ofeach individual letter.
My invention therefore consists in incorporating with or applying onto the stamp two or more ingredients, such as will chemically combine to produce a dark color or stain under the action of the moisture. For revenue-stamps both or all ingredients may be embodied in or combined with the stamp before delivered for sale, so that when moistened for the purpose of sticking the same onto paper it may be defaced at once and become unsalable and unfit to be used again. For postage-stamps but one of theingredients is used, so that no chemical 1 combination or stain will be effected by merely moistening it, the other ingredient or ingredients being used at the receiving-office and applied to the stamp in the manner hereinafter described, for the purpose of producing the combination which effects the cancellation.
To enable others to make and use my invention, I shall now proceed to describe the manner in which it is or may be carried into effect. I use for the stamps paper but little or not at all sized or glazed. This paper is soaked in a solution of ferro-cyanide of potassium or an infusion of nut-galls. The solution may be applied on the side which is to be gummed, and the paper is then allowed to dry. Sulphate of iron reduced to an im palpable powder is rubbed onto the opposite side or face of the stamp,and the back is gummed over in the usual manner. I prefer to gum the back of the stamps in such manner as to leave a central ring, bar, cross, or other figure, device, or letter free from gum. For this purpose the gum maybe spread over the paper by means of stencil-plates. It willbe understood that by wetting the stamp 'orpaper theferro-cyanideof potassium will combine with the sulphate of iron and produce a stain of a deep-blue color, which will permanently deface the stamp. With the gallic or tannic solutions a pergallate or pertannate of iron will be formed, which is black. Of course other ingredients, both organic and inorganic, may be used to produce combinations with similar effects, to determine which is the province of the chemist. The face of the stamp may be coated with a varnish or sizing, so that no ordinary dampness may affect the stamp before it is used. Instead of soaking the paper with an infusion of n tit-galls, the paper maybe soaked with a solution of sulphate of iron, and fine-powdered nut-galls may be used in lieu of the powdered sulphate of iron. For postagestarnps the paper is soaked in sulphate of iron before it is gummed. Otherwise the stamp is prepared in the usual manner. These stamps may be affixed by moistening them without defacing them, and the letters are dropped into the post-office with clean stamps on them. To cancel these the sorting-clerk, who takes the letters up to ascertain their destination, uses a finger-glove or some other equivalent device provided with a sponge-pad or other contrivance imbibed with asolution of nut-galls or the chemical equivalent thereof. By simply taking up the letter with the fingers, and but slightlypressing it at the part bearing the stamp, the stamp becomes immediately and permanently defaced, Without staining any other What I claim is-- Incorporating with-or applying onto stamps, either before or partly before and partly after being used, ingredients such as will chemically combine to produce a dark color or stain under the action of moisture substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereofI have signed my name to this specification before two subscribing witnesses.
SAML. FRANCIS. Witnesses JOHN A. M. SORLEY, WM. B. GRANT.
US48389D Improvement in postage and revenue stamps Expired - Lifetime US48389A (en)

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US48389A true US48389A (en) 1865-06-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3186859A (en) * 1961-01-30 1965-06-01 Johnson & Johnson Method for marking cloth and the resulting article
US4182261A (en) * 1975-12-18 1980-01-08 Identicator Corporation Credit card printer for fingerprints and solutions

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3186859A (en) * 1961-01-30 1965-06-01 Johnson & Johnson Method for marking cloth and the resulting article
US4182261A (en) * 1975-12-18 1980-01-08 Identicator Corporation Credit card printer for fingerprints and solutions

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