US480126A - Cash register and indicator - Google Patents

Cash register and indicator Download PDF

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US480126A
US480126A US480126DA US480126A US 480126 A US480126 A US 480126A US 480126D A US480126D A US 480126DA US 480126 A US480126 A US 480126A
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wheel
shaft
indicator
series
handle
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07GREGISTERING THE RECEIPT OF CASH, VALUABLES, OR TOKENS
    • G07G1/00Cash registers

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  • Figure 1 of the drawings is a vertical longitudinal section showing casing partly removed.
  • Fig.2 is an end view with casing removed.
  • Fig. 3 is a detail View showing the holding device for the indicator.
  • Fig. l is a detail showing one of the actuating-pawls and ratchets.
  • This invention has relation to cash-registers, and is designed to provide an inexpensive and effective device for registering all moneys, both received and paid out, so that the condition of ones business and the balance in hand may appear at a glance. In this respect it differs from other machines of similar character, inasmuch as they are adapted for the registration only of amounts received,and therefore do not afford a satisfactory means of accounting.
  • Afurther object of this invention is to obtain these results in a machine of small size and one capable of being manufactured at a low cost, thereby producing a compact and economical machine of great utility and placing the same within reach of the general public.
  • the letterA designates the frame of the machine, andBis a shaftmounted in bearings near one end thereof. On one end of this shaft is loosely mounted a bevel, ratchet, and toothed wheel C, the inner ratchet portion C of which is operated upon by a spring-actuated pawl D, said pawl being carried by the shaft or indicator-wheel.
  • E designates an indicator wheel rigidly mounted on the shaft B and having on its periphery, arranged equidistantly, the numbers 5 to 95, 0 included, progressing by multiples of five.
  • a handle or crank F On the outer end of the shaft is a handle or crank F, by the operation of which any number on said indicator-wheel may be brought to view at the sight-slot S of the casing.
  • This handle is detachable from the shaft and is also capable of an endwise movement thereon.
  • G is a projection orarm of the frame placed at a point in the frame corresponding to the position occupied by the handle or crank when the indicator-wheel is in position to display 0 at the sight-slot, said arm or projection serving as a stop for said handle.
  • the wheel E is a spring E, arranged to return said wheel to its zero position when the crank or handle is released from anyone of the stops a a.
  • ll designates a series of aligned addingwheels, which may be journaled, as shown, on short axle-studs projecting from the frame.
  • Said wheels are provided with carrying devices, each wheel being operated upon by the complete revolution of the preceding one to make the proper registrations. This is usually accomplished by providing each wheel with a notched or toothed disk moving therewith, which is engaged by a spur or tooth on the preceding wheel at the proper time.
  • the first wheel ll of the adding-wheel series is marked aroundits periphery with numbers corresponding to those on the indicatordisk E, while the succeeding wheels of the series are of smaller diameter and are marked around their periphery with the numbers 1 to 9 and O, inclusive.
  • On the shaft of the first wheel H is a bevel gear-wheel H fast thereto, and is in engagement with the toothed portion of the bevel-wheel C on the shaft B. Consequently when the indicator is operated by means of its crank the number brought to view at the sight-slot S is registered and added to the amount of the previous transaction on the adding-wheels.
  • the adding mechanism is not interfered with, owing to the ratchet connection of the wheel O with the shaft, which allows said shaft to turn freely in a backward. direction without actuating said wheel.
  • the mechanism for indicating and registering the amounts paid out In the opposite end of the machine is the mechanism for indicating and registering the amounts paid out, the series of adding-wheels 1% being usually arranged underneath the series II, so that the balance between the sum totals of receipts and expenditures may be observed at a glance either through sightslots in the frame or by raising a portion of the frame.
  • this mechanism is precisely similar in construction and operation to that described in connection with the receiving side of the machine, detailed description is unnecessar It will observed that the parts are few in number and of simple construction, enabling the device to be manufactured in compact form and at alow cost.
  • An accounting-machine comprising a suitable case, a shaft journaled in each end portion of said case, one end of each shaft havlng an operating crank or handle and the other end portion a bevel gear-wheel thereon, and a series of aligned adding-wheels in both the upper and lower portion of the case and operated by the gear on the respective shafts, one series of said wheels being designed to reg ster the amounts received and the other series amounts paid out, the two series being arranged one directlyover the other, whereby an excess of registration by either series may be readily observed, substantially as specified.
  • An accounting machine comprising a suitable case, a series of aligned addingwheels arranged periphery to periphery in the upper portion of said case, a similar series in the lower portion of the case and directly under the upper series, a bevel gear-wheel on the shaft of the first or cent wheel of each series, a shaft journaled on each end portion of the case and provided with an operating handle or crank, a bevel toothed wheel on the inner portion of each shaft, said wheels engaging the gear-wheels on the first wheels of the respective adding series, and indicators on each said shaft, substantially as specified.
  • the combination,with the adding mechanism, of the shaft having gear operating said mechanism, an indicator-wheel fast on said shaft and having its periphery marked at regular intervals with a series of indications, a crank or handle on said shaft and capable of an endwise sliding movement thereon, and a circular series of projecting pins or stops carried by the frame and designed to be engaged by said handle, said stops corresponding in number to the numberof indications on the periphery of the indicator-wheel, substantially as specified.

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Description

(No Model.)
H. G. O'NEILL. CASH REGISTER AND INDICATOR.
No. 480,126. Patented Aug. 2, 1892.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HENRY GIBSON ONEILL, OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY, ASSIGNOR TO THE STANDARD REGISTER COMPANY, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
CASH REGISTER AND INDICATOR.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 480,126, dated August 2, 1892.
Application filed December 8, 1891. Serial No. 413,919. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Beitknown that I, HENRY GIBSON ONEILL, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain, and a resident of Louisville, in the county of Jefferson and State of Kentucky, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Accounting-Machines, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification.
Figure 1 of the drawings is a vertical longitudinal section showing casing partly removed. Fig.2 is an end view with casing removed. Fig. 3 is a detail View showing the holding device for the indicator. Fig. l is a detail showing one of the actuating-pawls and ratchets.
This invention has relation to cash-registers, and is designed to provide an inexpensive and effective device for registering all moneys, both received and paid out, so that the condition of ones business and the balance in hand may appear at a glance. In this respect it differs from other machines of similar character, inasmuch as they are adapted for the registration only of amounts received,and therefore do not afford a satisfactory means of accounting.
Afurther object of this invention is to obtain these results in a machine of small size and one capable of being manufactured at a low cost, thereby producing a compact and economical machine of great utility and placing the same within reach of the general public.
In the drawings the letterA designates the frame of the machine, andBis a shaftmounted in bearings near one end thereof. On one end of this shaft is loosely mounted a bevel, ratchet, and toothed wheel C, the inner ratchet portion C of which is operated upon by a spring-actuated pawl D, said pawl being carried by the shaft or indicator-wheel.
E designates an indicator wheel rigidly mounted on the shaft B and having on its periphery, arranged equidistantly, the numbers 5 to 95, 0 included, progressing by multiples of five. On the outer end of the shaft is a handle or crank F, by the operation of which any number on said indicator-wheel may be brought to view at the sight-slot S of the casing. This handle is detachable from the shaft and is also capable of an endwise movement thereon.
(t a, &c., designate a series of arms or projections carried by the framework E and so placed that they will engage the handle F or a lug thereon when said handle is pressedinwardly toward them on its shaft, and thereby hold the indicatonwheel E in position to display the proper number at the sight-slot S.
G is a projection orarm of the frame placed at a point in the frame corresponding to the position occupied by the handle or crank when the indicator-wheel is in position to display 0 at the sight-slot, said arm or projection serving as a stop for said handle.
IVithin the wheel E is a spring E, arranged to return said wheel to its zero position when the crank or handle is released from anyone of the stops a a.
ll designates a series of aligned addingwheels, which may be journaled, as shown, on short axle-studs projecting from the frame. Said wheels are provided with carrying devices, each wheel being operated upon by the complete revolution of the preceding one to make the proper registrations. This is usually accomplished by providing each wheel with a notched or toothed disk moving therewith, which is engaged by a spur or tooth on the preceding wheel at the proper time.
The first wheel ll of the adding-wheel series is marked aroundits periphery with numbers corresponding to those on the indicatordisk E, while the succeeding wheels of the series are of smaller diameter and are marked around their periphery with the numbers 1 to 9 and O, inclusive. On the shaft of the first wheel H is a bevel gear-wheel H fast thereto, and is in engagement with the toothed portion of the bevel-wheel C on the shaft B. Consequently when the indicator is operated by means of its crank the number brought to view at the sight-slot S is registered and added to the amount of the previous transaction on the adding-wheels. hen the handle is released and the indicator returns to 0 under the action of its spring, the adding mechanism is not interfered with, owing to the ratchet connection of the wheel O with the shaft, which allows said shaft to turn freely in a backward. direction without actuating said wheel.
In the opposite end of the machine is the mechanism for indicating and registering the amounts paid out, the series of adding-wheels 1% being usually arranged underneath the series II, so that the balance between the sum totals of receipts and expenditures may be observed at a glance either through sightslots in the frame or by raising a portion of the frame. As this mechanism is precisely similar in construction and operation to that described in connection with the receiving side of the machine, detailed description is unnecessar It will observed that the parts are few in number and of simple construction, enabling the device to be manufactured in compact form and at alow cost.
IIaving described this invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. An accounting-machine comprising a suitable case, a shaft journaled in each end portion of said case, one end of each shaft havlng an operating crank or handle and the other end portion a bevel gear-wheel thereon, and a series of aligned adding-wheels in both the upper and lower portion of the case and operated by the gear on the respective shafts, one series of said wheels being designed to reg ster the amounts received and the other series amounts paid out, the two series being arranged one directlyover the other, whereby an excess of registration by either series may be readily observed, substantially as specified.
2. An accounting machine comprising a suitable case, a series of aligned addingwheels arranged periphery to periphery in the upper portion of said case, a similar series in the lower portion of the case and directly under the upper series, a bevel gear-wheel on the shaft of the first or cent wheel of each series, a shaft journaled on each end portion of the case and provided with an operating handle or crank, a bevel toothed wheel on the inner portion of each shaft, said wheels engaging the gear-wheels on the first wheels of the respective adding series, and indicators on each said shaft, substantially as specified.
3. In an accounting-machine, the combination of a shaft having loose bearings, a bevel toothed wheel loosely mounted on the inner portion of said shaft and connected thereto by a pawl and ratchet, an indicator-wheel fast on said shaft and rotating therewith, a handle or crank on the outer portion of said shaft and capable of an endwise sliding movement thereon, a series of engaging-stops on the frame, designed to be engaged by said handle, a return-spring for the indicator-wheel and shaft, and adding mechanism operated from said shaft through said loosely mounted wheel, substantially as specified.
4. In an accounting-machine, the combination,with the adding mechanism, of the shaft having gear operating said mechanism, an indicator-wheel fast on said shaft and having its periphery marked at regular intervals with a series of indications, a crank or handle on said shaft and capable of an endwise sliding movement thereon, and a circular series of projecting pins or stops carried by the frame and designed to be engaged by said handle, said stops corresponding in number to the numberof indications on the periphery of the indicator-wheel, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, on this 9th day of November, A. D. 1891.
HENRY GIBSON ONEILL. [L.S.]
itnesses:
FRANK Q. BROWN, 0. O. LOVEJOY.
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