US4772322A - Production of flat products from particulate material - Google Patents

Production of flat products from particulate material Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4772322A
US4772322A US07/052,687 US5268787A US4772322A US 4772322 A US4772322 A US 4772322A US 5268787 A US5268787 A US 5268787A US 4772322 A US4772322 A US 4772322A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
particulate
coating
synthetic resin
temperature
slurry
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US07/052,687
Inventor
John Bellis
Nigel J. Brooks
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mixalloy Ltd
Original Assignee
Mixalloy Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB868612267A priority Critical patent/GB8612267D0/en
Priority to GB8612267 priority
Application filed by Mixalloy Ltd filed Critical Mixalloy Ltd
Assigned to MIXALLOY LIMITED, ANTELOPE INDUSTRIAL ESTATE reassignment MIXALLOY LIMITED, ANTELOPE INDUSTRIAL ESTATE ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: BELLIS, JOHN, BROOKS, NIGEL J.
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US4772322A publication Critical patent/US4772322A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/632Organic additives
    • C04B35/634Polymers
    • C04B35/63404Polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C04B35/63436Halogen-containing polymers, e.g. PVC
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER; APPARATUS OR DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F3/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces
    • B22F3/22Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces for producing castings from a slip
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER; APPARATUS OR DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F5/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the special shape of the product
    • B22F5/006Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the special shape of the product of flat products, e.g. sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C41/00Shaping by coating a mould, core or other substrate, i.e. by depositing material and stripping-off the shaped article; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C41/02Shaping by coating a mould, core or other substrate, i.e. by depositing material and stripping-off the shaped article; Apparatus therefor for making articles of definite length, i.e. discrete articles
    • B29C41/16Slip casting, i.e. applying a slip or slurry on a perforated or porous or absorbent surface with the liquid being drained away
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/632Organic additives
    • C04B35/634Polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/638Removal thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C32/00Non-ferrous alloys containing at least 5% by weight but less than 50% by weight of oxides, carbides, borides, nitrides, silicides or other metal compounds, e.g. oxynitrides, sulfides whether added as such or formed in situ
    • C22C32/0094Non-ferrous alloys containing at least 5% by weight but less than 50% by weight of oxides, carbides, borides, nitrides, silicides or other metal compounds, e.g. oxynitrides, sulfides whether added as such or formed in situ with organic materials as the main non-metallic constituent, e.g. resin
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
    • H01M4/24Electrodes for alkaline accumulators
    • H01M4/32Nickel oxide or hydroxide electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
    • H01M4/62Selection of inactive substances as ingredients for active masses, e.g. binders, fillers
    • H01M4/621Binders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2503/00Use of resin-bonded materials as filler
    • B29K2503/04Inorganic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2503/00Use of resin-bonded materials as filler
    • B29K2503/04Inorganic materials
    • B29K2503/06Metal powders, metal carbides or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

A process for producing flat products from particulate material comprises the steps of forming relatively smooth, castable slurry comprising a suspension of particulate material in an aqueous solution, a film-forming binder material and a dispersion of a particulate synthetic resin in an aqueous solution, depositing a coating of this slurry onto a support surface and, heating the deposited coating to a temperature at which a component of the synthetic resin volatilises. The coating may be removed from the support surface as a flat product either before or after heating to volatilize a component of the synthetic resin.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to a process of producing flat products from particulate material and to flat products produced by such a process. By the term "flat products" is meant products in strip, sheet or like form or products produced therefrom which have retained a generally flat appearance.
2. Description of the Prior Art
A process for the production of strip from metal powder is known in which a suspension of powdered metal in a solution of a film-forming binder material in water is coated in the form of a slurry onto a support surface, dried and removed from the support surface, rolled and sintered to produce a metal strip. While this process has been employed successfully to produce a broad range of strip products, only limited success has been achieved in producing thin flexible unsintered strips of materials which can be employed in applications where the properties of enhanced flexible strength, water resistance and an ability to retain a stable form in hostile environments are a pre-requisite. The present invention sets out to provide a process by which such products can be produced.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
According to the present invention in one aspect, there is provided a process for producing flat products from particulate material which comprises forming a relatively smooth, castable slurry comprising a suspension of particulate material in a liquid solution, a film-forming binder material and a dispersion of a particulate synthetic resin in a liquid solution, depositing a coating of this slurry onto a support surface and, heating the deposited coating to a temperature at which a component of the synthetic resin volatilises.
The coating may be removed from the support surface as a flat product either before or after heating to volatilise a component of the synthetic resin. Further the coating may be cooled before being removed from the support surface. Preferably, the coating is cooled to a temperature of below 100° C.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
In one embodiment of the invention, the deposited coating is heated to a temperature at which the resin coalesces. Alternatively, the coating may be heated to a temperature above that at which a component of the synthetic resin volatilises and below that at which coalescence of the resin occurs.
Preferably, the dispersion of a particulate resin in a liquid solution is added to an initially formed slurry of the suspension of particulate material in a liquid solution and the film-forming binder material. The liquid is preferably water.
The particulate material may comprise a metallic powder, a non-metallic powder or a mixture of such powders. The particulate material may be magnetic or non-magnetic. In one particular embodiment, the particulate material consists of a blend of nickel hydrate and graphite powders.
In still further embodiments, the material comprises a particulate abrasive material, e.g. diamond powder or a super-conducting material, e.g. a titanium or niobium alloy or a metal-ceramic or ceramic material having super conducting properties.
The film-forming binder material preferably comprises methyl cellulose. A plasticiser may be added to the slurry; typically, the plasticiser comprises polyethylene glycol or glycerol.
The synthetic resin preferably comprises a fluorinated polymer such as polytetrafluoroethylene. In this case, the deposited coating is heated to a temperature in the range 230° C. to 260° C. to effect volatisation of a component of the synthetic resin or to a temperature in excess of 260° C. if partial coalescence is required, or to a temperature of between 355° C. and 400° C. if full coalescence is to be achieved. Alternative synthetic resins which may be employed include polyvinylchloride, and a butyl rubber dispersion in water. Other polymers which can be dispersed or otherwise incorporated into a slurry and which can be made into a coherent film by heat treatment may be employed.
The thin, flexible flat product may be rolled to effect compaction either before or after heating to a temperature at or above that at which a resin component volatilises. Additionally, or alternatively, a flexible flat product of the process may be bonded to one or both sides of a preformed flat product of metallic and/or non-metallic material. Such bonding may be effected mechanically by feeding the flat products in interfacial contact into the nip of a pair of compaction rolls. At least one of the flat products may be subjected to back tension during compaction.
In one embodiment of the invention, a thin flexible flat product consisting essentially of nickel hydrate and graphite is bonded to one or each side of a porous nickel flat product by passing the individual strips while in interfacial contact between the nip of a pair of compaction rolls. The porous nickel material may be subjected to a degree of back tension during the bonding process. The mechanically bonded flat products may be subjected to a second compaction to enhance the mechanical bond.
According to the present invention in a further aspect there is provided a process for producing flat products from particulate material which comprises forming a castable slurry comprising, in a liquid solution, particulate metallic and/or non-metallic material, a film-forming binder and a synthetic resin in particulate form, depositing the slurry as a coating onto a support surface and heating the deposited coating to a temperature at or in excess of that at which a component of the synthetic resin volatilises. The coating may subsequently be cooled and then removed from the support surface as a thin flexible flat product.
According to the present invention in a still further aspect there is provided a thin, flexible flat product comprising metallic and/or non-metallic particulate material contained in a synthetic resin matrix.
The invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the following description and Example in which a thin flexible strip was produced from a blend of nickel hydrate and graphite powders and is bonded mechanically to one or both sides of a thin porous strip of nickel.
In order to produce samples which do not dissolve and lose their original shape/dimension when submerged in water, slurries comprising a mix of the powder blend and various quantities of a dispersion of particulate polytetrafluoroethylene in water were produced. In each case, the resultant mix tended to coagulate to form a rubber-like lumpy consistency which could not efficiently be cast onto a support surface. Addition of water both before and after the addition of the dispersion of particulate polytetrafluoroethylene did not prove to be beneficial.
It was only after a controlled amount of methyl cellulose was added to the slurry that the coagulant content of the slurry was dispersed to produce a slurry which could properly be cast. It was found that the addition of the methyl cellulose in advance of the addition of the dispersion of particulate polytetrafluoroethylene produced no coagulation until the latter was added to excess.
Further slurry mixes were produced so that a suitable slurry composition for subsequent processing could be established. Typically, the ratio of particulate material to water of the initially formed slurry was found to lie in the range of 3.4:1 and 4.2:1 for metallic materials and 0.6:1 and 0.74:1 for a slurry containing a mix of nickel hydrate powder blended with a graphite powder.
Typically, the dispersion of particulate polytetrafluoroethylene comprised an aqueous solution containing approximately 60% polytetrafluoroethylene by weight. Typically, 160 mls of this dispersion was required for each kilogram of particulate material employed.
After drying strip samples produced from the slurry at normal drying temperatures of approximately 150° C., the samples proved to be handleable but still fairly brittle. However, on heating to a temperature in the range 230° C. to 260° C., a component of the polytetrafluoroethylene dispersion volatised. Partial coalescence of the polytetrafluoroethylene may also have occurred. On cooling from this temperature range, the samples were found to have adequate flexibility and to retain their shape/dimensions when submerged in water with no apparent dissolution occurring.
EXAMPLE
A slurry comprising a mix of nickel hydrate powder blended with a graphite powder, a controlled quantity of methyl cellulose and a dispersion of polytetrafluoroethylene was produced by the method described above, cast onto a support surface and heated to a temperature in the range 230° C. to 260° C. The dried product was removed from the support surface in this strip form. At this stage, the gauge of the strip was approximately 1 to 2 millimeters.
Some samples of the thin, flexible strip produced were then compacted by themselves and others compacted in interfacial contact with each side of a strip of porous nickel. In the latter case, the gauge of the nickel strip at this stage was approximately 0.004". The compaction load applied was found to be important in that insufficient loading produced a weak mechanical bond whilst excessive loading caused the product to break up in the mill.
A tendency for creasing of the strips to occur as they passed through the mill was overcome by applying a controlled back tension to the nickel strip during roll compaction.
One other example of a strip produced by the process described is a nickel hydrate/graphite strip subsequently bonded to a strip of perforated nickel.
It is to be understood that the Example and accompanying description is merely exemplary of the invention and that various modifications or compositioned changes may be affected without departing from the true scope of the invention.
Thus a wide range of particulate material may be employed to produce strips of a variety of physical and chemical properties. Thus, the particulate material may have magnetic or non-magnetic properties; it may be metallic or non-metallic; it may have high or low hardness charateristics (e.g. the material may comprise diamond powder if good abrasive characteristics are, for example, required; or it may be a super-conducting material of a metallic (e.g. a titanium or niobium alloy), metal ceramic or ceramic material.

Claims (22)

We claim:
1. A process for producing flat products from particulate material which comprises forming a relatively smooth, castable slurry comprising a suspension of particulate material in a liquid solution, a film-forming binder material and a dispersion of a particulate synthetic resin in a liquid solution, depositing a coating of this slurry onto a support surface and, heating the deposited coating to a temperature at which a component of the synthetic resin volatilises.
2. A process as claimed in claim 1 wqherein the castable slurry comprises a suspension of particulate material in an aqueous solution.
3. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the coating is removed from the support surface as a flat product either before or after heating to volatilise a component of the synthetic resin.
4. A process as claimed in claim 3 wherein the coating is cooled before being removed from the support surface.
5. A process as claimed in claim 4 wherein the coating is cooled to a temperature of below 100° C.
6. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the deposited coating is heated to a temperature at which the resin coalesces.
7. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the coating is heated to a temperature above that at which a component of the synthetic resin volatilises and below that at which coalescence of the resin occurs.
8. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the dispersion of a particualte resin in a liquid solution is added to an initially formed slurry of the suspension of particulate material in a liquid solution and the film-forming binder material.
9. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the particulate material comprises a metallic powder, a non-metallic powder or a mixture of such powders.
10. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the particulate material consists of a blend of nickel hydrate and graphite powders.
11. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the particulate material consists of diamond powder.
12. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the film-forming binder material comprises methyl cellulose.
13. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein a plasticiser is added to the slurry.
14. A process as claimed in claim 13 wherein the plasticiser comprises polyethylene glycol or glycerol.
15. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein the synthetic resin comprises a fluorinated polymer such as polytetrafluoroethylene.
16. A process as claimed in claim 15 wherein the deposited coating is heated to a temperature in the range 230° C. to 260° C. to effect volatilisation of a component of the synthetic resin.
17. A process as claimed in claim 15 wherein the deposited coating is heated to a temperature in excess of 260° C. to effect partial coalescence of the synthetic material.
18. A process as claimed in claim 15 wherein the deposited coating is heated to a temperature of between 355° C. and 400° C. to achieve coalescence of the synthetic material.
19. A process as claimed in claim 1 wherein a flexible flat product of the process is bonded to one or both sides of a preformed flat product of metallic and/or non-metallic material.
20. A process for producing flat products from particulate material which comprises forming a castable slurry comprising, in a solution of water, particulate metallic and/or non-metallic material, a film-forming binder and a synthetic resin in particulate form, depositing the slurry as a coating onto a support surface and heating the deposited coating to a temperature at or in excess of that at which a component of the synthetic resin volatilises.
21. A thin flexible flat product produced in accordance with a process as claimed in claim 1.
22. A thin, flexible flat product produced in accordance with a process as claimed in claim 20.
US07/052,687 1986-05-20 1987-05-20 Production of flat products from particulate material Expired - Fee Related US4772322A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB868612267A GB8612267D0 (en) 1986-05-20 1986-05-20 Flat products
GB8612267 1986-05-20

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4772322A true US4772322A (en) 1988-09-20

Family

ID=10598143

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07/052,687 Expired - Fee Related US4772322A (en) 1986-05-20 1987-05-20 Production of flat products from particulate material

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US4772322A (en)
EP (1) EP0246844B1 (en)
JP (1) JPS6322839A (en)
AT (1) AT50189T (en)
CA (1) CA1293352C (en)
DE (1) DE3761619D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2012484B3 (en)
GB (1) GB8612267D0 (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5112782A (en) * 1989-05-04 1992-05-12 Engelhard Corporation Cationically processed calcined kaolin clay
US5141702A (en) * 1990-03-13 1992-08-25 Olin Corporation Method of making coated electrical connectors
US5578361A (en) * 1994-01-26 1996-11-26 Central Glass Company, Limited Water-repellent composite grains, method for producing same, and water-repellent article using same
US5579532A (en) * 1992-06-16 1996-11-26 Aluminum Company Of America Rotating ring structure for gas turbine engines and method for its production
US5614262A (en) * 1994-05-02 1997-03-25 Sundstrand Corporation Method of sealing resin to an alloy casting
US6172139B1 (en) 1991-05-24 2001-01-09 World Properties, Inc. Particulate filled composition
WO2002045888A1 (en) * 2000-12-08 2002-06-13 Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique Method for making thin films in metal/ceramic composite
US20040071583A1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2004-04-15 Helge Krogerus Method for sintering ferroalloy materials
US20100224418A1 (en) * 2009-03-04 2010-09-09 Baker Hughes Incorporated Methods of forming erosion resistant composites, methods of using the same, and earth-boring tools utilizing the same in internal passageways
US9198662B2 (en) 2012-03-28 2015-12-01 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue thickness compensator having improved visibility
US9307965B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-04-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorporating an anti-microbial agent
US9307989B2 (en) 2012-03-28 2016-04-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorportating a hydrophobic agent
US9314246B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-04-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorporating an anti-inflammatory agent
US9314247B2 (en) 2012-03-28 2016-04-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorporating a hydrophilic agent

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5506049C1 (en) * 1991-05-24 2001-05-29 World Properties Inc Particulate filled composite film and method of making same
FR2678940B1 (en) * 1991-05-24 1996-10-18 Rogers Corp COMPOSITE FILM FILLED WITH PARTICLES AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF.
US5374453A (en) * 1991-05-24 1994-12-20 Rogers Corporation Particulate filled composite film and method of making same
DE4217531C1 (en) * 1992-05-27 1993-12-16 Wieland Werke Ag Process for the production of slip-cast isotropic composite materials based on copper with a low coefficient of thermal expansion and high electrical conductivity and their use
KR970073821A (en) * 1995-09-27 1997-12-10 아키모토 유미 Manufacturing method and apparatus of porous sintered metal plate
US7766209B2 (en) 2008-02-13 2010-08-03 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical stapling instrument with improved firing trigger arrangement
US9044228B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2015-06-02 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Fastener system comprising a plurality of fastener cartridges

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3335000A (en) * 1965-10-04 1967-08-08 Texas Instruments Inc Manufacture of metal foil
US3403999A (en) * 1965-10-13 1968-10-01 Texas Instruments Inc Manufacture of braze shim stock
US3653884A (en) * 1968-03-14 1972-04-04 British Iron Steel Research Process for the continuous production of a strip from powdered metal
US3658517A (en) * 1968-07-10 1972-04-25 British Iron Steel Research Production of strip from powdered metal
US3702511A (en) * 1970-10-26 1972-11-14 Iroquois Promotion Proof-of-purchase label
US3720511A (en) * 1969-03-18 1973-03-13 British Iron Steel Research Production of metal strip from powdered metal
US3839026A (en) * 1966-11-18 1974-10-01 British Steel Corp PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF METAL STRIP FROM Fe POWDER
US4592780A (en) * 1984-04-07 1986-06-03 Mixalloy Limited Production of flat products in strip sheet or like form
US4596746A (en) * 1984-04-20 1986-06-24 Mazda Motor Corporation Powder sheet for sintering
US4602954A (en) * 1984-04-07 1986-07-29 Mixalloy Limited Metal strip
US4617054A (en) * 1984-08-10 1986-10-14 Mixalloy Limited Production of metal strip
US4622189A (en) * 1984-08-10 1986-11-11 Mixalloy Limited Flat products comprising at least two bonded layers

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3352814A (en) * 1963-06-28 1967-11-14 Teleflex Inc Method for making ceramic bodies
FR1504644A (en) * 1966-10-13 1967-12-08 Air Liquide Process for the manufacture of porous layers, in particular of electrodes of combustion cells
JPS576227B2 (en) * 1977-09-20 1982-02-03
JPS60160563A (en) * 1984-01-18 1985-08-22 Toshiba Battery Co Ltd Manufacture of positive electrode for nonaqueous electrolyte battery

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3335000A (en) * 1965-10-04 1967-08-08 Texas Instruments Inc Manufacture of metal foil
US3403999A (en) * 1965-10-13 1968-10-01 Texas Instruments Inc Manufacture of braze shim stock
US3839026A (en) * 1966-11-18 1974-10-01 British Steel Corp PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF METAL STRIP FROM Fe POWDER
US3653884A (en) * 1968-03-14 1972-04-04 British Iron Steel Research Process for the continuous production of a strip from powdered metal
US3658517A (en) * 1968-07-10 1972-04-25 British Iron Steel Research Production of strip from powdered metal
US3720511A (en) * 1969-03-18 1973-03-13 British Iron Steel Research Production of metal strip from powdered metal
US3702511A (en) * 1970-10-26 1972-11-14 Iroquois Promotion Proof-of-purchase label
US4592780A (en) * 1984-04-07 1986-06-03 Mixalloy Limited Production of flat products in strip sheet or like form
US4602954A (en) * 1984-04-07 1986-07-29 Mixalloy Limited Metal strip
US4596746A (en) * 1984-04-20 1986-06-24 Mazda Motor Corporation Powder sheet for sintering
US4617054A (en) * 1984-08-10 1986-10-14 Mixalloy Limited Production of metal strip
US4622189A (en) * 1984-08-10 1986-11-11 Mixalloy Limited Flat products comprising at least two bonded layers

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5112782A (en) * 1989-05-04 1992-05-12 Engelhard Corporation Cationically processed calcined kaolin clay
US5141702A (en) * 1990-03-13 1992-08-25 Olin Corporation Method of making coated electrical connectors
US6172139B1 (en) 1991-05-24 2001-01-09 World Properties, Inc. Particulate filled composition
US5579532A (en) * 1992-06-16 1996-11-26 Aluminum Company Of America Rotating ring structure for gas turbine engines and method for its production
US5578361A (en) * 1994-01-26 1996-11-26 Central Glass Company, Limited Water-repellent composite grains, method for producing same, and water-repellent article using same
US5614262A (en) * 1994-05-02 1997-03-25 Sundstrand Corporation Method of sealing resin to an alloy casting
US20040071583A1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2004-04-15 Helge Krogerus Method for sintering ferroalloy materials
US6858176B2 (en) * 1999-12-02 2005-02-22 Outokumpu Oyj Method for sintering ferroalloy materials
FR2818015A1 (en) * 2000-12-08 2002-06-14 Centre Nat Rech Scient METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING METAL / CERAMIC COMPOSITE THIN FILMS
US20040013556A1 (en) * 2000-12-08 2004-01-22 Jean-Francois Silvain Method for making thin films in metal/ceramic composite
WO2002045888A1 (en) * 2000-12-08 2002-06-13 Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique Method for making thin films in metal/ceramic composite
KR100847129B1 (en) 2000-12-08 2008-07-18 상뜨르 나쇼날 드 라 러쉐르쉬 샹띠피끄 (쎄엔알에스) Method for making thin films in metal/ceramic composite
US20090208645A1 (en) * 2000-12-08 2009-08-20 Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique Manufacturing Process for Thin Films Made of Metal /Ceramic Composite
US7871562B2 (en) 2000-12-08 2011-01-18 Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique Manufacturing process for thin films made of metal /ceramic composite
US7585456B2 (en) 2000-12-08 2009-09-08 Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique Manufacturing process for thin films made of metal/ceramic composite
US10399119B2 (en) 2007-12-14 2019-09-03 Baker Hughes Incorporated Films, intermediate structures, and methods for forming hardfacing
US20100224418A1 (en) * 2009-03-04 2010-09-09 Baker Hughes Incorporated Methods of forming erosion resistant composites, methods of using the same, and earth-boring tools utilizing the same in internal passageways
US8252225B2 (en) * 2009-03-04 2012-08-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Methods of forming erosion-resistant composites, methods of using the same, and earth-boring tools utilizing the same in internal passageways
US9199273B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2015-12-01 Baker Hughes Incorporated Methods of applying hardfacing
US9345477B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-05-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator comprising incorporating a hemostatic agent
US9314246B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-04-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorporating an anti-inflammatory agent
US9320518B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-04-26 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorporating an oxygen generating agent
US9307965B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-04-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorporating an anti-microbial agent
US9307989B2 (en) 2012-03-28 2016-04-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorportating a hydrophobic agent
US9314247B2 (en) 2012-03-28 2016-04-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Tissue stapler having a thickness compensator incorporating a hydrophilic agent
US9198662B2 (en) 2012-03-28 2015-12-01 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue thickness compensator having improved visibility

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPS6322839A (en) 1988-01-30
DE3761619D1 (en) 1990-03-15
AT50189T (en) 1990-02-15
ES2012484B3 (en) 1990-04-01
EP0246844A1 (en) 1987-11-25
CA1293352C (en) 1991-12-24
EP0246844B1 (en) 1990-02-07
GB8612267D0 (en) 1986-06-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4772322A (en) Production of flat products from particulate material
US4083719A (en) Copper-carbon fiber composites and process for preparation thereof
US4732818A (en) Composite bearing material with polymer filled metal matrix interlayer of distinct metal particle sizes and method of making same
US3181947A (en) Powder metallurgy processes and products
US2975128A (en) Nylon polytetrafluoroethylene composition and article
CA2036558A1 (en) Ceramic bodies formed from yttria stabilized zirconia-alumina
US2467675A (en) Alloy of high density
EP0427858A4 (en) Antibacterial or conductive composition and applications thereof
US2961712A (en) Method of making filled polytetrafluoroethylene articles
JP4234865B2 (en) Iron-based sintered sliding member and manufacturing method thereof
US3330654A (en) Continuous process for producing sheet metal and clad metal
US4036822A (en) Bearing material
US3778261A (en) Manufacturing composite articles
GB2129025A (en) Method for preparing a sic whisker-reinforced composite material
US4849163A (en) Production of flat products from particulate material
US4740340A (en) Method of making a PTFE based impregnated metal matrix
US4615854A (en) Method of making a PTFE based tape suitable for impregnation into a porous metal matrix
US2027532A (en) Powder metallurgy
KR850004121A (en) Composite bearing material and its manufacturing method
US5350107A (en) Iron aluminide alloy coatings and joints, and methods of forming
CA1220650A (en) Powder forging of aluminium and its alloys
US3301781A (en) Method of making magnesium fluoride articles
DE1646655A1 (en) Ceramic products and processes for their manufacture
JP3765071B2 (en) Composite sintered sliding material
US3787200A (en) Metal powders for roll compacting

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: MIXALLOY LIMITED, ANTELOPE INDUSTRIAL ESTATE, RHYD

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:BELLIS, JOHN;BROOKS, NIGEL J.;REEL/FRAME:004754/0792

Effective date: 19870511

CC Certificate of correction
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 19960925

STCH Information on status: patent discontinuation

Free format text: PATENT EXPIRED DUE TO NONPAYMENT OF MAINTENANCE FEES UNDER 37 CFR 1.362