US457582A - Railroad-spike - Google Patents

Railroad-spike Download PDF

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US457582A
US457582A US457582DA US457582A US 457582 A US457582 A US 457582A US 457582D A US457582D A US 457582DA US 457582 A US457582 A US 457582A
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Prior art keywords
spike
sides
bar
edge
railroad
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21GMAKING NEEDLES, PINS OR NAILS OF METAL
    • B21G3/00Making pins, nails, or the like
    • B21G3/12Upsetting; Forming heads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01LSHOEING OF ANIMALS
    • A01L7/00Accessories for shoeing animals
    • A01L7/10Horseshoe nails

Description

(No Model.)

W. GOLDIE. BAILRQAD SPIKE.

No. 457,582. Patented Aug. 11, 1891.

Aitmst. Emmi.

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UNITED, STATES PATENT FFICEQ XVILLIAM GOLDIE, OF 'WEST BAY CITY, MICHIGAN.

RAILROAD-SPIKE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 457,582, dated August 11, 1891.

Application filed November 4, 1890- Serial No. 370,317- (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, WILLIAM GOLDIE, a citizen of the United States, residing at \Vest Bay City, in the county of Bay and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Railroad-Spikes; andI do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

My invention relates to railroad-spikes and in metal bars for the manufacture of the spikes, and relates particularly to the form and contour of a bar adapted for manufacturing railroad-spikes by cutting the spikes transversely from the end of a rolled metal bar having its sides so arranged and of such configuration that the front and rear sides of the spike thus severed from the end will have the desired contour and dimension to form my improved spike without further attention or-manipulation.

My improved spike-blank bar is intended for use in manufacturing a railroad-spike of peculiar and improved form and construction, a full description and illustration of which will be given hereinafter.

The invention consists in a bar of rolled metal having a body portion with parallel sides and having one edge portion reduced in thickness and provided with sloping SUI" faces connecting with the surfaces of the reduced portion and the body portion and with the edge of the reduced portion sloping in a V form to a cutting-edge and having both sides of the opposite edge of the body portion provided with outwardly-slopin g surfaces terminating with laterally-projecting flanges with the outer surfaces of the flanges coincident with and forming one surface of convex form with the edge of the body portion.

The invention also consists in railroadspikes having its lateral sides provided with plane surfaces and having a body portion of quadrate form with parallel sides and having a point portion reduced in thickness from front to rear with parallel sides joined to the front and rear sides of the body portion by ,head portion projecting outwardly from its front and rear sides.

The invention also consists in the form and arrangement of the spike, as I shall herein after fully describe, and which will be specifically set forth in the claims of this specification.

The object of this invention is to cheaply and easily produce a railroad-spike having superior holding and driving qualities.

Another object of the invention is to produce spikes of a uniform shape and contour, and with clean thin cutting-edges, whereby the wood of the tie will be easily compressed and remain solid and firm around the driven spike.

Another object of theinvention is to provide a means whereby spikes of the form and class stated can be manufactured without complicated and expensive heading and pointing mechanism, whereby a cheaper and superior article of manufacture is produced.

My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a view in perspective of myimproved bar for manufacturing spikes. Fig. 2

is my improved spike made from the bar.

a represents the body portion of the bar, and is provided with substantially parallel sides b, and near one edge of the bar is reduced in thickness, and provided on each side with the narrow parallel sides 0, which are joined to the sides of the body by the diverging surfaces d, while the edge of the bar is provided with converging surfaces e,which form a V-edgef. The opposite edge portion of the bar is provided on each side with the surfaces g, sloping slightly outward and terminating with the inner surfaces h of the flange t', which project laterally from the body, and are arranged with their outer surfaces coincident with the edge of the body portion and forming one surface j outwardly-sloping surfaces and terminating .therewith of a convex form. The bar is formed by rolls of a proper form in the usual way, and the spikes are cut from the end of the bar by cutters of any well-known type, the bar being fed to the cutters, so that sections of proper Widths are severed from the bar, and each section constitutesaspike havmg the form and contour shown in Fig. 2, the lateral sides k of the spike being plane and parallelfrom end to end,while the point will be provided with V-sloping sides Z, forming a cutt ng-edgem, a body portion 01, and a red u ced port on 0, having parallel sides and with diverging compressing-surfaces 29 between the surfaces of the portions n and 0, and provided with a head portion composed of flanges q, pro ecting on both the front and rear sides of the end of the bodyn, so that the spike can be placed with either side to the rail and with the neck portion directly below the flanges provlded with outwardly-sloping portions 7", \VhlOh bear against the edge of the rail-flange and receive the wear thereof and also reach into the timber and firmly compress the wood directly at the surface of the tie to form a firm and solid backing or support directly at the 7 source of lateral strain and to prevent also the admission of water around the spike by allowing the downwardly-compressed but unbroken fiber of the tie to expand, so as at all tunes to lie firmly and closely against the spike. The head projecting upon both sides of the body allows the spike to be reversed, and the rearwardly-projecting portion of the head forms a hold for a claw-bar of ordinary form and construction to be used without change for withdrawing the spike from the tie.

Of. course I do not confine my invention entirely to the form of spike-point shown, as

other forms of the point may be substituted s0 long as a cutting-edge is provided with a suitable edge for puncturing the tie and severing the grain of the timber, the principal feature of the spike being to render it reversible, so that whenever the neck is Worn away to loosen the rails it may be withdrawn and reversed, and the rail is then as well secured as with a new spike, so that in a spike of this form a double wear is provided by merely withdrawing and reversing the spike.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A reversible railroad-spike having a body portion of rectangular form and provided with lateral sides having plane surfaces throughout and with the surfaces of the lateral sides of its head portion coincident with the lateral sides of its body and provided on both the front and rear sides of its head portion with projecting flanges lyingin the same transverse plane and having the under sides of the said flanges fitted to the contour of the base of the rail and provided with a point portion having its dimension reduced from front to rear and terminating with a cutting-edge and having on its front and rearsides inclined surfaces joining the surfaces of its body portion with the surfaces of the said reduced portion,substantially as set forth.

2. A bar for the manufacture of spikes, consisting of a body portion having parallel sides and with one edge portion of the bar reduced in thickness and terminating with a Vedge and with sloping surfaces joining the surfaces of the body portion with the surfaces of the said reduced portion, and provided on the lateral sides of its opposite edge with flanges projecting in opposite directions on the same transverse plane and with the inner sides of the said flanges fitted to conform to the contour of the base-flange of a railroad-rail, substantially as set forth.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

WVILLIAM GOLDIE.

Witnesses:

THOS. C. PITCAIRN, JAMES G. MO TGOM RY.

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040156349A1 (en) * 2001-06-22 2004-08-12 Maxim Borisovich Method and system compensation of a carrier frequency offset in an ofdm receiver
US20090016849A1 (en) * 2007-07-13 2009-01-15 Riccobene Designs Llc Landscape retaining stake
US20090214317A1 (en) * 2008-02-22 2009-08-27 Newfrey Llc Weld stud
US20130017038A1 (en) * 2011-07-14 2013-01-17 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Metal to metal fastener improvement
US20140161561A1 (en) * 2010-12-30 2014-06-12 Glenn J. Tebo System and method for driving a fastener
US9682661B1 (en) * 2015-01-07 2017-06-20 T. Scott Pernici Universally positional article mounting assemblies and methods
US20190211510A1 (en) * 2016-08-24 2019-07-11 Yangtze Railroad Materials Hot Forged Tie Plate for Railroad

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040156349A1 (en) * 2001-06-22 2004-08-12 Maxim Borisovich Method and system compensation of a carrier frequency offset in an ofdm receiver
US20090016849A1 (en) * 2007-07-13 2009-01-15 Riccobene Designs Llc Landscape retaining stake
US20090214317A1 (en) * 2008-02-22 2009-08-27 Newfrey Llc Weld stud
US20140161561A1 (en) * 2010-12-30 2014-06-12 Glenn J. Tebo System and method for driving a fastener
US9028187B2 (en) * 2010-12-30 2015-05-12 Glenn J. Tebo System and method for driving a fastener
US20130017038A1 (en) * 2011-07-14 2013-01-17 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Metal to metal fastener improvement
US8641346B2 (en) * 2011-07-14 2014-02-04 Illinois Tool Works, Inc. Metal to metal fastener improvement
US9682661B1 (en) * 2015-01-07 2017-06-20 T. Scott Pernici Universally positional article mounting assemblies and methods
US20190211510A1 (en) * 2016-08-24 2019-07-11 Yangtze Railroad Materials Hot Forged Tie Plate for Railroad

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