US435A - Mode of measuring - Google Patents

Mode of measuring Download PDF

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US435A
US435A US435DA US435A US 435 A US435 A US 435A US 435D A US435D A US 435DA US 435 A US435 A US 435A
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slide
marked
arms
mark
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H1/00Measuring aids or methods
    • A41H1/02Devices for taking measurements on the human body
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S29/00Metal working
    • Y10S29/081Gas as a conveyor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/242With means to clean work or tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/707By endless band or chain knife
    • Y10T83/7195Including means to adjust relationship between band and work-support surface
    • Y10T83/7201By varying angle between band and work-support surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/707By endless band or chain knife
    • Y10T83/7264With special blade guide means

Description

a shuts-'shm I. W. W. ALLEN.
TAILORS MEASURE. I
No. 435. Patented Oct. 23, 1837.
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W. W. ALLEN. TAILORS MEASURE.
Patented Oct. 23, 1837 m: mums nmu w. mourns wASmuuYou, n. c.
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TAILORS MEASURE. No. 435'. Patented Oct. 23, 1837.
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TENT oFFioE.
'WM; W. ALLEN, OF PHILQDELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
MODE OF MEASURING, D-RAFTINfG, AND CUTTING OUT GARMENTS.
Specification of Letters Patent 1 \To. 435, dated October 23, 1837..
To all whom it may concern State of Pennsylvania, have made an improvement, being a machine for taking the? measure of persons and an improved systemf of drafting in cutting out garments, called; improved tailoring machine, which is described as follows, reference be-? ing had to the annexed drawings of the same, making part of this specification. v Make a base or platform A, Figures 1, 2, of .wood, on which erect a standard of about six feet high marked B; on three sides of which there are grooves marked 0 c c, and? a channel on groove g, passing quite throughj? the center for receiving the sliding parts off the apparatus to be hereafter described ToE determine the top of the back of the gar-g ment at the collar seam I use a slide marked; D, moving up and down on the standard, having a screw E, to make it fast. In this@ slide is a sliding arm marked W passing; through a square collar with a screw toi fasten it at any point desired. In the end of P the sliding piece WV is a screw to which a vtape t is fastened. To get the length of the? waist I use another slide F also moving up and down upon the standard having a screwv to fasten it where desired, marked G, and: a sliding arm X and screw marked Z. To get the bottom of the scye I use a slide marked H, which slides in two grooves I I in the sides of the standard fastened by a screw marked K which passes throughthe center opening to the front, and into a sliding clamp Y on the front groove of the standard. To get the distance from the center of the back to the bottom of the scye I use two sliding arms marked L L moving to the right and left on the arms of the slide H and fastened by screws marked M M. To get the width of the back I use a slide N with two vertical arms marked N N which move on a bar Z fastened by two .screws to one of the arms of the slide H, leaving a space bet-ween them. The slide is fastened with a screw 0.; this slide is also used for getting the angle of the sleeve. To get the distance from the bottom of the scye to the height of the point of the fore part I use a slide ,8 secured any required height by a screw '0. -In this slide moves a hori-' zontal sliding arm P fastened where desired by a screw. To get the distance from the shoulder blade to the point of the fore part Iuse ahorizontal slide marked P,fastened by V a screw marked Q. To get the front of th Be it known that I, WILLIAM W. ALLEN, of the city and county of Philadelphia and:
scye I use a slide S having an upright arm marked R with a screw marked M to fasten 1t. To get the measure across the breast I use a tape ,1? attached to a spring 7' fastened to the slide m. There may be another slide sprlng and screw in the opposite arm simi-' lar tothat marked, m, to which the tape is extended for determining the measure across the breast. The arms of the'slides H, D, F,
N, L L, S, are marked with scales of equal parts. To give the height of the breast in front I use a scale marked V attached to the 2 bottom of the slide marked H passing through a cleat on the slide marked D.
Operation: Measure with a common tape from the collar seam to the Waist. Then the person to be measured places himself upon the platform A against the standardL-moVes the slide'D until it is opposite the collar seam and push in the sliding arm W toward the collar seam until it, touches it z next move the slide F to the waist and push in the sliding arm -X until it touches the person v: p1ace the large slide H to the bottom of. the scye; then bring the arms L L .close to the body .on the sides to bottom of scye: measure from collar seam -to front and bottom of scye around into the waist and the meausre is completed.
' Method of drafting a coat. For the back: see diagram A. or Fig. 3. After squaring the cloth by lines A and B, come down on line A to No. 1 the length of waist, and to No. 2 the length of skirt; then strike curve a from line A by length of waist: go in on sweep a fromline A a suflieient distance for the hem and draw line-Oz come down on line C from top to No. .3 the distance of bottom of .scy.e;-go up on line C from No. 3 to No. Athe distance of point of fore part and .draw line D square with line 0; go out on line D from line C to No. .5 the width ;of back, and draw curve line I) for back scye and draw line E to top .of'
back and strike sweep c by its length from curve line b to sweep a. For drafting the line Fsquare with line B.; come down from line B on line F to No. 6 the height of fore partfisee diagram B, or Fig. A. Dlfi-Wi/ shoulder, with width of back at top 'deducted, and draw line G square with line F; go up on line F from No. 6 to No. 7 the distance of point of fore part and draw line H square with line F; also go up on line H from No. 6 to No. 8 the length of breast and draw line I square with line F; zgo out on line I from No. 8 to No. 9 the distance in at the shoulder and draw line J to line G square with line I; then go out on line I from No. 8 to No. 10 the distance in at the neck and draw line K to the intersection of lines G and J :then go out on line I from No. 8 to No. 11 and draw line L square with line I to line G; go out on line I from No. 11 to No. 12 the width of breast and draw line M square with line I; go down on line F from No. 6 to No. 13 the distance it is from No. 3 to No. 1 on line C of diagram A and draw line N square with line F; go in on line N from No. 13 to No. 1 1 the distance in at the waist and draw line 0 to No. 10 on line I then go in on line N from No. 14: to No.15 the width of back at waist; then ascertain the center between line M and the intersection of lines J and K on line G and make the star point d and sweep the center 6 from No. 15 then measure the straight distance from No. 5 of diagram A to intersection of curves 6 and a and apply it to the crossing of lines C and H and ascertain where it will strike curve 6 and make mark f for bottom point of fore part, from which ascertain the distance to line N and apply it on line'N from line M and make mark G; then place the tape measure at star point d on line G and strike sweep h from No. 12 the distance it is from No. 8 to No. 9 on line I-and make mark '5 from which draw line P to mark G on line N; ascertain the distance between lines P and M on line G and apply it on line H from where it crosses line and mark j from which strike sweep 7a to mark f on sweep e by the length of sweep C of diagram A; go in line H from mark j the distance from No. 8 to No. 9 on line I to mark C from which make curve line we to line G; go down 011 curve line m from line H half the length of curve line Z) of diagram A, and. mark at from which make curve line 0 to strike sweep K; ascertain the distance from line J to line L on line H and apply it to mark C on line H which gives line Q; then place the tape at mark C on line H and strike sweep 29 from intersection of lines G. and Q; then apply the length of neck given on loose draft diagram C to mark 6 of diagram B and set top shoulder point 9 on line B to which apply top point of line E diagram A and ascertain where No. 5 will strike line K, to which draw line B; then draw line S from the intersection of sweep p and line Q, to the intersection of lines R and K from which come down on line S the distance from mark C on line H to mark n on curve line m and draw line T to point q and form the scye: then apply line U of loose draft diagram C on Fig. 5 to line G diagram B on which move it until line V touchesmark f on sweep e' and mark line U for spring of skirt then measure out one line N from where sweep k crosses it the size of waist with width of back at waist deducted to make it go up the width of strap in front to mark s for front point of fore part and mark the front of breast; then place square on line W moving it up to mark 8 in front and draw line X for the hollow of the waist.
Many parts are regulated by fashion and fancy not alluded to in the foregoing description, for instance ;-the top of back diagram A; also the width of the waist on sweep a,'the curve line b which may be made longer or shorter, and the line E which may be made straight or hollowing as seen 7 in the diagram: all of which variations in diagram must be made to correspond.-The manner of drafting may also be varied so as to produce the same effect by the same principle above set forth.
The machine may be simplified in the following manner without changing the principle. It may be constructed in the manner represented in Fig. 6 by which it will be seen that the arms and slides are made triangular instead of rectangular: the grooves (except the one through the center) omitted; also the clamp; the sectional arm Z, of'Fig. 1, the slide N and vertical arms N N; and it will be seen that there is added to one of the parallel arms of the main slide another horizontal slide AFig. 6 and vertical piece B, and parallel arm G; with an additional horizontal slide D, vertical piece 0. Also the sliding boxes H of the standard are simplified by making them in the form of a plain boX with one slide I dovetailed and drawn toward the other side so as to embrace and clamp the standard by means ofa thumb screw passing through the permanent side of the box, the opening in the standard, and into the movable side of the box K. Provide a table similar to the following, (measures taken with a common tape before the individual to be measured is placed in the machine 2) 1. Length of waist, say 14-2,- 2. Length of skirt 37 3. Width of back 7 4. Dist. from center of back to el-' bow 20%; 5. Ditto tothe hand 33 6. Ditto around the scye 15 7 Ditto around the elbow. -1 6 8. Ditto around the hand; 4% 9. Ditto around the neck l 9 10. Ditto around waist "151} Taken in the machine:
Before placing the individual to be measured in the machine Fig. 6, take, with a common inch tape, the measures 1, 2, 3, &c., to 10 and enter them in the table opposite the several names. Then place him in the machine with his back against the standardhis hands on his hips ;then bring the two arms P P close to the body under the arms and make fast by the respective screws. Then raise the slide H and advance the arm F to the waist and make fast by the screw, for determining the position of the waist which will be indicated by the graduated arm. Then raise slide H and adjust the upper sliding arm W opposite the collar seam, and advance it till it touches the neck and screw it fast. Then adjust the sliding arms C C in order-t0 determine the position of the shoulders; also bring forward the vertical slides O O to the front of the shoulder for determining the front of the scye. Then with the tape 25 take the bottom of the scye and place it opposite its name, say N0. 11, or whatever No. it may be.
Then wit-h the other tape u take the height of the shoulder and place it in the table opposite its name say No. 12. Then with tape a take the width of the breast and enter it opposite its name say N o. 13 in the present table. The person is then removed from the machine, the several graduated arms, examined and the respective measurements entered o posite their names which may be numbere from 14 to 20.
The drafting is performed in a similar mode to that above described.
The invention claimed by me the said WM. W. ALLEN, and which I desire to secure by Letters Patent, consists in 1. The slide H Figs. 1 and 2 as constructed with lateral arms with the two arms L L sliding on the same at right angles to it.
2. The a plication of the slides, uprights, springs and tape on the last mentioned arms.
3. The additional triangular arms R R Fig. 6 on which move, to the right or left the slides A a with the vertical pieces B b on which move the slides S 8 with the horizontal arms C 0.
4. The application of the tapes and screw at the ends of the sliding arm W, Figs. 1 and 2.
5. The opening in the center of the standard-Figs. 1, 2 and 6.
6. The mode of taking the measure as before described.
7. The mode of forming the table and entering the measurements. I
8. The method of drafting the garment as before described.
9. The use of a platform, standard, slides, and single arms is not claimed.
WILLIAM W. ALLEN. Witnesses:
CHAs. R. ELLIS,
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3815465A (en) * 1971-12-15 1974-06-11 Wilton Corp Band saw
US20040201996A1 (en) * 2003-04-11 2004-10-14 Weber Martin Thomas Light fixture cover system and method
DE202014002063U1 (en) 2014-03-08 2014-04-24 Alexander Thieme Insert filter for hookahs and / or bongs

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3815465A (en) * 1971-12-15 1974-06-11 Wilton Corp Band saw
US20040201996A1 (en) * 2003-04-11 2004-10-14 Weber Martin Thomas Light fixture cover system and method
DE202014002063U1 (en) 2014-03-08 2014-04-24 Alexander Thieme Insert filter for hookahs and / or bongs

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