US430485A - Incandescent lamp - Google Patents

Incandescent lamp Download PDF


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US430485A US430485DA US430485A US 430485 A US430485 A US 430485A US 430485D A US430485D A US 430485DA US 430485 A US430485 A US 430485A
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    • H01J5/00Details relating to vessels or to leading-in conductors common to two or more basic types of discharge tubes or lamps
    • H01J5/50Means forming part of the tube or lamps for the purpose of providing electrical connection to it


(No Model.)


NCANDBSCENT LAMP- No. 430,485. Patented June 17, 1890.

NITED STATns Arent Fries.


SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 430,485, dated June 17, 1890.

Application filed February 28, 1890. Serial No. 342,170. (No model.)

To CLM whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, FREDERICK C. ROCK- WELL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Hartford, in the county ot Hartford and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Incandescent Lamps, of which the following' is a full, clear, and exact specification.

The improvement relates to the bases of incandescent electric lamps; and the object is to so construct a base for such a lamp thatit may be formed lirm and strong of a material which is cheaper and more easily manipulated and which possesses more desirable insulating and heat-non-conducting qualities than the material now used,this construction adapting the base to be more securely held to the end of a globe of a lamp than prior bases.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a side view of one form of lamp providedwith my improved base. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the blank from which the base is formed. Fig. 3 is a view on enlarged scale, in central vertical section, of the base. Fi g. 4. is an end view of the base. Fig'. 5 is aside view of another form of lamp provided with my improved base. Fig. G is a plan view of. the blank used in forming the base of the lamp last shown. Fig. 7 is a view, on enlarged scale, in central vertical section, of the base shown in Fig'. 5. Fig'. S is a side view of still another' form of base.

In the views, the letter aindicates the globe, and l) the base of a lamp. Previously such bases have been formed of thin brass, which has been first drawn to a cup shape from a i'lat sheet by the successive action of dies, or which may have been spun to a cup shape over a mandrel, and then had the closed end removed. The shell is then secured to the end of the globe by plaster-ofparis or a similar cement. This method of formation Wastes much material, the tools are quickly dulled and worn out, much time and labor is expended in the numerous handlin gs of the base, and in a short time the cement loosens its grasp on the smooth interior of the base thus formed, so that the globe is liable to drop out.

In forming my improved base h a strip of paper or similar material suitably sized or treated is cnt to the proper shape and passed between rolls that are preferably heated,

which crimp, flute, or corrugate a portion of the strip. These rolls may be so formed that the crimps, corrugations, or tintes may be` made to extend completely across the width of the strip, or only partly across, and enough length of the strip is, crimped to reach at least once around the base when it is formed. This partially-erimped blank is rolled on a suit ably shaped former, beginning with the crimped end 1) and ending' with the smooth end o, into a cylinder of the desired size of the base, the uncrimped portion h forming the smooth exterior wall for receiving the key-socket, and the crimped portion lr forming the interior wall, which greatly stiffens and strengthens the smooth outside wall of the base. The smooth end h of the blank may be made of such length that it can be wrapped around the crimped portion b several times, if desired; or the interior crimped portion and the exterior smooth portion may be formed in two separate cylinders, which can be placed one within the other and glued or cemented together,thus producing the same effect of strengthening the smooth exterior wall by a crimped interior. The base thus formed is then dipped into or coated with a solution, preferably a dissolved gum, possessing' a high degree of insulating and heat-nonconducting capacity, which, when hardened by heat or pressure, so stiii'ens that a rigid and lirm base is formed which possesses superior insulating and heat-non-conducting qualities.

A piece of insulating material d, bearing the usual conductors for connecting the socket-conductors with the leads to the iilament, is placed in one euch-and the base secured to the end of the globe by a suitable cement e, as plaster-of-pai'is, which is molded into the base around the end of the globe in a moist condition. It will be impossible for the base to work loose and turn after the cementing material has dried, as occurs with the prior bases, as the cementing material packs and becomes embedded between the ridges of the lintes or corrugations of the interior of the base to which the cement more lfirmly adheres than to the smooth metallic interior of the prior bases.

The spaces c between the inner corrugated wall h and the smooth exterior wall h ofthe IOO rial may dry out more quickly. A base thus b ase may he filled with the insulating material with which the base is treated; or perfo-y rations c may be made through the corrugations, so the celnen ting materiale will flow into the spaces and stiiien the base, as Well as more firmly hold the parts together7 or the spaces c may be left open, so as to form airehambers in order that the cementing matecorrugatcd or indented can be cheaply formed of inexpensive material and will possess sufiicicnt rigidity and strength, and be insulating and heat-non-condnoting, which are qualities much desired in the bases of lamps of this nature.

I claim as my inventionl. A base for an incandescent lamp, con,- sisting of superimposed layers of a thin nonconducting material, the inner layer of said material being corrugated r indented and the exterior smooth, substantially as specified.

2. A base for an incandescent lamp, con sisting of layers of a thin non-conducting material Wrapped about each other, a portion of the inner Wraps of said material being corrugated or indented, substantially as speciied.




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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050039064A1 (en) * 2003-08-13 2005-02-17 Jeyendran Balakrishnan Method and system for re-multiplexing of content-modified MPEG-2 transport streams using PCR interpolation
US20140153231A1 (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-05 Osram Gmbh Lighting device including interconnected parts

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050039064A1 (en) * 2003-08-13 2005-02-17 Jeyendran Balakrishnan Method and system for re-multiplexing of content-modified MPEG-2 transport streams using PCR interpolation
US20140153231A1 (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-05 Osram Gmbh Lighting device including interconnected parts

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