US430442A - Convertible furniture - Google Patents

Convertible furniture Download PDF

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US430442A
US430442A US430442DA US430442A US 430442 A US430442 A US 430442A US 430442D A US430442D A US 430442DA US 430442 A US430442 A US 430442A
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Prior art keywords
cot
desk
section
bars
lounge
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C17/00Sofas; Couches; Beds
    • A47C17/52Cabinet beds; Table beds, or like beds; Wardrobe beds

Description

5 Sheets-Sheet 1.
(No Model.)
B. E. SELL.
CONVERTIBLE FURNITURE.
Patented June 17, 1890.
jnVeniozw Edgar E. 1365i WiZnass es 64mm A0 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 (No Model.)
B. E. SELL.
CONVERTIBLE FURNITURE.
Patented June 17, 1890.
Wneds e5 (No Model.) E E SELL 5 Sheets-Sheet 3.
CONVERTIBLE FURNITURE.
N0."430,44 2. Patented June 17, 1890.
/m xx n we EEK age 74 5m 65 as Inward/ 01 we Nonms PETERS co., mum-mam, vusumaton, n c.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 4. :5. E. SELL.
OONVERTIBLE- FURNITURE. No. 430,442. PatentedJune 17, 1890.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 5. E. E. SELL.
CONVERTIBLE FURNITURE.
No. 430,442. Patented June 17,1890.
fizz 611601" Edgar Z Sell n4: NORRIS PE ran: C0,, PHOTO-L mu UNITED STATES PATENT OF ICE.
EDGAR EMERICK SELL, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
CONVERTIBLE FURNITU RE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 430,442, dated June 17, 1890. Application filed January 11, 1886. Renewed March 20, 1890. rial N 34 41 7 (N 1110(1810 T0 aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDGAR EMERICK SELL, a citizen of the United States, residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Convertible Furniture, of which the following is a specification.
My invention consists of improvements in convertible furniture, such as that for which Letters Patent were granted to me December 26, 1882, No. 269,723.
The object of my invention is to so combine a sofa, cot, lounge, or chair with a desk, table, cabinet, or like article of furniture that said sofa, cot, lounge, or chair can be compactly folded and stored away out of sight, or canbe readily drawn out and adjusted to and secured in position, either as a sofa, cot, lounge, or chair, without interferrin g with the main portion of the top of the desk or other piece of furniture with which it may be combined.
My improvements relate more particularly to the peculiar construction of the sofa, cot,
. stored away out of sight.
lounge, and chair, and to the utilization of the panels of the desk or other piece of furniture for the legs 011 which the sofa, cot, lounge, or chair rests, and also to the means for converting the lounge or cot into an easy-chair, and to the means whereby I am enabled to readily adjust the device to form a surgeons operating-table.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective View of an office-desk combined with a lounge or cot constructed in accordance with my invention Fig. 2 is a side view of the desk with the lounge or cot folded and Fig. 3 is a side view showing the lounge or cot ready to be placed into the desk. Fig. 4 is a side view showing the parts of the lounge or cot adjusted so as to convert it into an easy-chair. Fig. 5 is a side view showing the parts adjusted, as in Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is atransverse section on the line 1 2, Fig. 5. Figs. 7 and 8 are detached perspective views of connectingarms forming part of the structure. Fig. 9 is a sectional view of one of the supportingbars forming part of the structure. Fig. 10 is a perspective view, and Fig. 1 l a sectional view illustrating a modification of the invention. Fig. 12 is a perspective view showing one of the features of my invention. Figs. 13 and 14 are perspective views showing my improvements applied to the combined sofa-bed and desk forming the subject of my before-mentioned patent. Fig. 15 is a transverse section of part of the structure, Fig. 13, on the line 3 4, Fig. 16; and Fig. 16 is a sectional plan on the line 5 6, Fig.15. Fig. 17 is a perspective view showing a detail feature of my invention.
Figs. 1 to 6 illustrate a common form of office-desk, A being the top of the desk, and B B the two pedestals supporting the same, one pedestal B being used for the storage of my improved convertible lounge or cot, and the pedestal B being provided with drawers or partitions for books, orin part constructed for the reception of a wash-stand, as shown by the dotted lines in Fig. 6, which may be hinged as in my former patent of December 26, 1882.
r The side panel D of the pedestal B is removable, and secured thereto is one portion of the upholstered seat D of the lounge or cot. To the panel D are secured two arms 0 C, which extend from one side of the panel to the other and project from the back, as fully shown in Figs. 1 and 6. These arms not only act as supports for the panel, as described hereinafter, but also serve to strengthen it, as they tie the two sides of the panel together. The two smaller panels (1 d of the large panel D are each hinged at d, Fig. 2, and have latches (1 so that when the large panel D is let down the small panels d can be opened out at right angles thereto, as shown in the perspective view, Fig. 1, and the side views, Figs. 3 and 4, so as to form legs for the lounge, cot, or chair, each panel having a series of small friction-rollers (Z so that when the large panel D is let down to the position shown in Fig. 3 and is supported by the panels (1 it can be easily pulled out and away from the desk by means of the handles b, so as to assume the position shown in Fig. 6. WVhen the panels d d are extended,
braces d of the ordinary construction serve to retain them in the extended position.
WVhen the panel D is drawn out, the head and foot portions E and F of the lounge or cot are folded over into the same, as shown in Fig. 3; but as soon as the panel is moved to the position shown in Fig. 6 the head-section E can be moved in the direction of the arrow 1, Fig.3, to the position shown in Fig. 5, and the foot portion F then moved in the direction of the arrow 2, Fig. 3, to the position also shown in Fig. 5, in which position it is supported by a suitable hinged leg G, also provided with a brace d. When the leg G is folded against the back of the section F, it may be retained by a suitable spring-catch. (Shown by the dotted lines in Fig. 5.)
On referring to Figs. 1, 3, and 5 it will be seen that the head portion E of the lounge or cot is connected to the panel D by two bars H H, which are connected together by rods h h, the former passing through the panel D and the rod h passing through the headsection E. The bars H are recessed at 2' for the reception of the supporting-bars 0. (Shown by dotted lines in Fig. 3, and more clearly in Figs. 1 and 6.) These recesses t" in the bars H are made so as not to weaken the support ing bars or arms 0 C.
It will be seen that when the head-section E is extended, as in Fig, 5, the bar II will be flush with the panel D, and said bar is jointed, for a purpose described hereinafter, the joint being provided with a sliding sleeve 1;. The foot-section F is likewise connected to the panel D by bars J J, which are connected together by rods j j, Fig. 8, and are recessed for the reception of the supporting-bar C in the same manner as the bars H.
To convert the lounge or cot into a reclin ing-chair, the head-section E is dropped by moving the sleeve v1 so as to uncover the joint 2' in the bar H, thus allowing the head-section E to fall and assume the position shown in Fig. 4. The foot portion F is then raised to the position shown in said figure and is utilized for the back of the chair, the upper end of said foot portion F being supported by a bar K, which is pulled out from the desk, as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 1, a plate 76 on this bar engaging with one or other of lugs f on the back of the section F, according to the desired inclination of the same. This makes a comfortable easy chair, the occupant of which is Within easy reach of all portions of the top of the desk. The head-section E is provided with a pivoted leg E, Fig. 5, held in place in a manner similar to the leg G, this leg being used to adjust the section E to different angles when said section forms part of an easy-chair, as above described, by placing the leg E at different angles, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 4.
To render the above-described lounge or cot available as a surgeons operating-table, I secure to the opposite ends of the pedestal B, on the inner sides of the same, upper and lower plates Z, Fig. 6, each having supporting-pins Z. When the arms 0 O of the lounge or cot are removed from the control of the pins of the lower plate and applied to the pins of the upper plate, the cot will be elevated to a suitable height for an operating-table.
In Figs. 10 and 11 I have shown the application of my invention to a center-table in place ofa desk. In this device one of the side panels D of the central or supporting pedestal of the table forms the central section of the cot, the head and foot portions E and F being hung to this central portion in the same way as in Fig. 1, with the exception that the pivot-bars II for the head portion are straight, so as to permit said portion to assume a horizontal position. Either of the bars H or J may be jointed and provided with a sleeve 2", in order to drop the same. The panel is pivoted to the side standards of the table, as shown in Fig. 11, by means of the hooked bars 0 C, so that it can readily assume either the position shown in full lines or that shown in dotted lines in said figure. The cushion of each of the sections E and F is preferably hinged to the frame, so that it can be adjusted independently of the frame, as shown in Fig. 10, to form an inclined head or foot rest.
The sofa or cot may, if desired, be entirely detached from the desk or table, so as to be supported wholly by the legs formed by the panels at d; but in this case Iprefer to secure to each panel d a central wing or hinged bracket and two small side brackets 70', as shown in Fig. 12. These brackets can be swung in against the panel d, or when in use can be extended for the purpose of enlarging the base on which the sofa or cot rests. (See Fig. 12.)
The supporting-bars G O are each made of two portions, one of which is secured to the cot, and the portions which extend beyond the body of the cot having threaded ends adapted to threaded sockets in the main portions of the bars.
In Figs. 13 and 16 I have shown my invention applied to a combined sofa, cot, and desk of substantially the same character as that shown in my before-mentioned patent, one of the rear panels D of the desk in this case forming the central section of the cot or seat of the sofa and being provided with the laterally-folding small panels d d, which support the same when extended. The end frames E and F are preferably provided with projections m, having recesses m for the reception of projecting plates n on the frame D forming the back of the sofa, so as to be retained in the upright position shown in Fig. 13, said frame being drawn forward slightly when it is desired to release the end frames from the control of the same, and after the said end frames have been turned down being itself the entire width of the latter, and thus remove the strain from the connecting-bars O C, the latter serving only to connect the sofa or cot to the desk.
I claim as my invention 1. The combination of the movable section D of a desk or other article of furniture with a head or foot section, and a hinge for said sections consisting of rods extending transversely through the ends of said sections, and opposite pivot-bars connecting the transverse rods, substantially as described.
2. The combination of the movable section D of a desk or other article of furniture, the connecting and strengthening bars 0 G, extending transversely across the section D, with a head or foot section and recessed pivotbars connecting the head or foot sections to the section D, said connecting-bars O C being adapted to said recessed pivot-bars, substantially as set forth.
The combination of the movable section D of a desk or other article of furniture, the connecting-bars O O, and two sets of supports attached to the inside of the side panels of the desk and one above the other, whereby said section D may be retained at different heights, all substantially as specified.
4. The combination of a desk or other article of furniture with a movable section attached thereto, head and foot sections pivoted to said movable section, and a sliding bar K, supported in bearings in the desk and serving as a support for the head-section when the latter is inclined, substantially as specified.
5. The combination of the movable section D of a desk or other article of furniture, the pivoted end sections E F, having projections m, recesses m in said projecting portions, and a back section D having catches 01, adapted to said recesses for retaining the end sections in an upright position independent of the desk, substantially as specified.
6. The combination of the movable section D of a desk or other article of furniture with the two-part connecting-bars attached thereto, said bars having their extending portions screwed to the main portions of the bars, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
EDGAR EMERICK SELL.
NVitnesses:
WVILLIAM F. DAVIS, HARRY SMITH.
US430442D Convertible furniture Expired - Lifetime US430442A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3213469A (en) * 1961-12-04 1965-10-26 Beeman Harriet Howes Hospital bed
US20120079986A1 (en) * 2010-10-03 2012-04-05 Jay Boyer Convertible cat bed
US20120255123A1 (en) * 2005-07-28 2012-10-11 The Brewer Company, Llc Medical examination table

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3213469A (en) * 1961-12-04 1965-10-26 Beeman Harriet Howes Hospital bed
US20120255123A1 (en) * 2005-07-28 2012-10-11 The Brewer Company, Llc Medical examination table
US9038216B2 (en) * 2005-07-28 2015-05-26 The Brewer Company, Llc Medical examination table
US20120079986A1 (en) * 2010-10-03 2012-04-05 Jay Boyer Convertible cat bed
US8448601B2 (en) * 2010-10-03 2013-05-28 Katherine Marie Boyer Convertible cat bed

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