US428402A - Marion a - Google Patents

Marion a Download PDF

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Publication number
US428402A
US428402A US428402DA US428402A US 428402 A US428402 A US 428402A US 428402D A US428402D A US 428402DA US 428402 A US428402 A US 428402A
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United States
Prior art keywords
flaps
flap
link
hinge
tube
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SABIC Global Technologies BV
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Assigned to SABIC INNOVATICE PLASTICS IP B.V. reassignment SABIC INNOVATICE PLASTICS IP B.V. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D3/00Hinges with pins
    • E05D3/06Hinges with pins with two or more pins
    • E05D3/12Hinges with pins with two or more pins with two parallel pins and one arm
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/547Hinge having plural hinge axes [e.g., multiple pintle]

Description

(No Model.) M. A. MORRIS.

HINGE.

No. 428,402. Patented May 20 1890.

UNITED STATES PATENT CFFICE.

MARION A. MORRIS, OF IVATERBURY, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO THE SCOVILL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.

HINGE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 428,402, dated May 20, 1890.

Application filed March 10, 1890.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, MARION A. MORRIS, of IVaterbury, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new Improvement in Hinges; and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompanying drawings and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in-

Figure 1, a perspective view of the hinge open; Fig. 2, an end view of the hinge closed; Fig. 3, a transverse section on line 00 w of Fig. 1; Fig. 4, the wire link detached; Figs. 5 and 6, modifications in the formation of the link.

This invention relates to an improvement in that class of hinges which are adapted to permit the door, or whatever it may be that is hinged, to swing in both directions from the closed position. These hinges are composed of three flaps, one of the outer flaps adapted to be attached to the jalnb, the other flap adapted to be attached to the door, the intermediate flap forming the connection between the two attached flaps, and so that the pintle for one of the attached flaps is at one side of the intermediate flap and the pintle for the other attached fiap at the other side of the intermediate fiap, and so that as the door swings in one direction the flap attached to it turns .upon the pintle on the intermediate flap; but

when turned in the opposite direction the intermediate flap and the flap attached to the door swing with the door, turning upon the pintle on the jamb-flap. This is a common construction of hinge. In the usual construction of these hinges the intermediate flap is a plate of metal, like the outer flaps, parts of knuckles beingformed on both edges of the intermediate flap and on corresponding edges of the outer fiap,with a pintle introduced through the respective knuckles.

The object of my invention is a construction of hinge in which the formation of knuckles upon the intermediate flap may be avoided; and it consists in two flaps adapted to be attached, respectively, to the stationary and swinging parts to which the hinge is to be applied, the said flaps each constructed Serial No. 343,281. (No model.)

with a tube on the pintle-edge, combined with a rectangular-shaped wire link, one side of said link inclosed within the tube of one flap and the opposite side of the said link inclosed within the tube of the other flap, the said link forming the intermediate flap, its two sides being the pintle on which the other flaps may respectively swing.

A represents one of the outer flaps, and B the other outer flap. These flaps are preferably made from sheet metal and of size and strength required. One edge of the flap A is rolled to form a tube C on that edge. corresponding to the usual knuckles formed on one edge of a flap. The other flap B is constructed with a like tube 1) on its edge, the tube of one part being on the edge of its flap opposite the tube on the other part. To connect these two flaps I form awire link, as seen in Fig. 4. This is of rectangular shape, of a length corresponding to the length of the flaps and of a width corresponding to the distance required between the two tubes or knuckles of the outer flaps. The two sides E F of the link are parallel, and the two sides are connected by the ends G H. The link is best made in a single piece, bent so that the ends will'meet on one side, as seen in Fig. 4.

The tubular portions 0 D of the respective flaps are closed around the respective sides E F of the link, as represented in Figs. 1 and 3. The link thus connects the two flaps AB and forms the intermediate flap between the said flaps A B, the two sides E F of the link forming pintles, upon which the flaps may swing in the usual manner, of a three-part or two-way swinging hinge.

In the best construction of the hinge the link will be first formed as seen in Fig. 4, and then the edges of the flaps bent around the respective sides of the link; but the bending of the flaps to produce the tube may be first made and then the connecting-link introduced. vIn such case the link will be made in two parts, as represented in Fig. 5, and inserted into the said tubes from the respective ends; or the link may be cast in a single piece, so that there is no break in either side, as seen in Fig. 6. I therefore do not wish to be understood as limiting the invention to the formation of the link from wire, orto the making of it in a single piece; but

WVhat I do claim is A three-part or two-way hinge composed of two outer or attachable flaps, each of said flaps constructed with a tube on one edge, the

tube of one flap upon the edge opposite that of the other flap, combined with a rectangularshaped link, the two sides of which are in- IO closed by the respective tubular portions of the attachable flaps, the said link forming an intermediate flap between the two attachable flaps, and the sides of the links forming pintles on which the said flaps may swing, substantially as described.

MARION A. MORRIS.

lVitnesses:

FRANK J. GORSE, GEo. F. I-IoDeEs.

US428402D Marion a Expired - Lifetime US428402A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3237799A (en) * 1963-12-26 1966-03-01 Potter Instrument Co Inc Multiple pivot closure for vacuum chamber
US20040187262A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-09-30 Bruno Gabathuler Housing cover for electronic microdevices
US20070102465A1 (en) * 2005-11-10 2007-05-10 Magna Car Top Systems Gmbh Load carrier for motor vehicles
US20070261800A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-15 Jorgensen N V V Overhead bi-fold latching door
US20090313901A1 (en) * 2005-07-07 2009-12-24 Lokaway Pty. Ltd. Door mount for a safe
US20150197985A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2015-07-16 Ciw Enterprises, Inc. Overhead door with lintel seal interface assembly
US9816303B2 (en) * 2016-03-16 2017-11-14 Harry Kai Lee Double axial hinge for a console

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3237799A (en) * 1963-12-26 1966-03-01 Potter Instrument Co Inc Multiple pivot closure for vacuum chamber
US20040187262A1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2004-09-30 Bruno Gabathuler Housing cover for electronic microdevices
US6922874B2 (en) * 2003-03-31 2005-08-02 Phonak Ag Housing cover for electronic microdevices
US20090313901A1 (en) * 2005-07-07 2009-12-24 Lokaway Pty. Ltd. Door mount for a safe
US7975433B2 (en) * 2005-07-07 2011-07-12 Lokaway Pty. Ltd. Door mount for a safe
US20070102465A1 (en) * 2005-11-10 2007-05-10 Magna Car Top Systems Gmbh Load carrier for motor vehicles
US20070261800A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-15 Jorgensen N V V Overhead bi-fold latching door
US7575037B2 (en) * 2006-05-12 2009-08-18 Jorgensen N Valde V Overhead bi-fold latching door
US20150197985A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2015-07-16 Ciw Enterprises, Inc. Overhead door with lintel seal interface assembly
US9279287B2 (en) * 2013-06-27 2016-03-08 Ciw Enterprises, Inc Overhead door with lintel seal interface assembly
US10006244B2 (en) 2013-06-27 2018-06-26 Ciw Enterprises, Inc. Overhead door with lintel seal interface assembly
US9816303B2 (en) * 2016-03-16 2017-11-14 Harry Kai Lee Double axial hinge for a console

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