US415923A - John l - Google Patents

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US415923A
US415923A US415923DA US415923A US 415923 A US415923 A US 415923A US 415923D A US415923D A US 415923DA US 415923 A US415923 A US 415923A
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Prior art keywords
wrenches
tool
arm
pliers
pivoted
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F1/00Combination or multi-purpose hand tools
    • B25F1/003Combination or multi-purpose hand tools of pliers'-, scissors'- or wrench-type with at least one movable jaw

Description

(No Model.)
J. L. PAINTER.
TO0L. No. 415,923. Patented Nov. 26, 1.889.
7 L l W/ TNE SSE S IN VE N 7'05 p B Y A 770/? NE Y8.
N. PETERS. Phnio Lnlvagmpller. Waslnnglan. u. c.
UNITED, STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN L. PAINTER, OF .l-iELLEVUE, OHIO.
TOOL.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 415,923, dated November 26, 1889.
Application filed August 13, 1889. $erial No. 320,564. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN L. PAINTER, of ,liellevue, in the county of lIuron and State of Ohio, have invented a new and Improved Tool, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to an improved tool, and has for its object to combine in one implement a series of wrenches of different sizes, each capable of independent use, a wirecutter, pliers, and a screw-driver, the tool being especially adapted for use in connection with self-binding harvesters and other machines in which nuts of various sizes need to be loosened and various parts removed for cleaning; and a further object of the invention is to provide a tool embodying the above features which will be simple in construction and capable of expeditious and convenient manipulation.
The invention consists in the novel construction and combination of the several parts, as will be hereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this'spccification, in which similar letters and figures of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure 1 isaside elevation of the tool. Fig. 2 is an edge view of the same. Fig. 3 is a plan View. Fig. 4: is a section-on line J) m of Fig. 1, and Fig. 5 is a section on line 1 y of Fig. 1
The body of the tool comprises two arms 10 and 10, so bent upon themselves and riveted together as to form a pair of pliers A, the surfaces where the arms are riveted being recessed, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, to produce opposed shoulders 11 and 12, whereby the combined thickness of the tool at the pivotal point where the arms are riveted will be equal to a single thickness of the head, as shown in' Fig. 2.
The upper curved portion of the arms forming the jaws 13 and 14 of the pliers is serrated or otherwise roughened upon the inner face to facilitate clamping and turning a pipe or other cylindrical article, and in the edge of each jaw, at the upper end, an angular recess 15 is produced, whereby when the jaws are brought together a rectangular opening is formed, as shown in Fig. 3, the said recesses greatly facilitating the withdrawal of plunger-bolts, split keys, (KEG.
Below the pivotal point of the arms 10 a blade 16 is secured to each inner edge, as shown in Fig. l, which blades, when the arms 10 are carried in the direction of one another, contact and serve as wire-cutters, as shown in Fig. 4.
The lower end of one of the arms 10 is made to terminate in a wrench 1.7 of what is known as the alligator-jaw pattern, and the extremity of the other arm is reduced and sharpened to serve as a screw-driver, as illustrated at 18 in Figs. 1 and 2.
Upon the side of the arm 10 having the alligator-jaw wrench attached a series of wrenches 19 are pivoted, graduated in length and each adapted to take a different size of nut. These wrenches 19 rest one upon the other, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, and are pivoted to the arm of the wrench above referred to by means of a clevis 20, located near the lower end, in which clevis the lower extremities of each of the wrenches are introduced, the clevis being attached to the wrenches and to the arm 10 by means of a bolt or screw 21. Thus it is obvious that any one of the wrenches 19 desired may be carried down to the perpendicular position below the lower extremity of the arm to which they are pivoted, as shown in dotted lines in Figs. 1 and 2, and that they are limited in their downward movement by the clevis and held in the perpendicular position or in the plane with the arm to which they are pivoted for convenient use.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. As an improved article of manufacture, a tool comprisinga pair of pliers having pivoted to one arm or member bya clevis a series of wrenches graduated in length, each capable of taking a different-sized nut, substantially as shown and described.
2. As an improved article of manufacture, a tool comprising a pair of pliers having the inner surfaces of the jaws serrated or roughened and the ends of the jaws provided with an angular recess, and a series of wrenches graduated in length, each capable of taking a different-sized nut, said wrenches pivoted to one arm or member of the pliers by means of a clevis and bolt, substantially as shown and described, whereby any one of the wrenches may be carried perpendicularly downward, and is limited in its downward movement, as set forth.
3. As an improved article of manufacture, a tool comprising a pair of pliers having one arm or member terminating'ina screw-driver and the other in a Wrench of the alligatorjaw pattern, and having the inner surfaces of the jaws roughened or serrated, the upper edge of the said jaws being provided with an angular recess, a series of wrenches graduated in size, each capable of taking a different-sized nut, pivoted upon the arm of the pliers carrying the Wrench at its extremity, and means, substantially as shown and described, for limiting the downward movement of each of the said pivoted wrenches, as and for the purpose specified.
JOHN L. PAINTER. Witnesses:
ELMER J. MAYNE, A. C. NUBEBAUN.
US415923D John l Expired - Lifetime US415923A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7334502B1 (en) 2006-03-17 2008-02-26 Kenneth Durkee Multi-purpose hand tool method & apparatus
US9289891B1 (en) * 2013-02-14 2016-03-22 Gary Dean Ragner Folding multitools
US9770820B1 (en) * 2013-04-29 2017-09-26 Gary Dean Ragner Folding pliers with full wrench set

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7334502B1 (en) 2006-03-17 2008-02-26 Kenneth Durkee Multi-purpose hand tool method & apparatus
US9289891B1 (en) * 2013-02-14 2016-03-22 Gary Dean Ragner Folding multitools
US9770820B1 (en) * 2013-04-29 2017-09-26 Gary Dean Ragner Folding pliers with full wrench set

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