US41541A - Improvement in fence-posts - Google Patents

Improvement in fence-posts Download PDF

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US41541A
US41541A US41541DA US41541A US 41541 A US41541 A US 41541A US 41541D A US41541D A US 41541DA US 41541 A US41541 A US 41541A
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posts
braces
fence
improvement
wires
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • E04H12/02Structures made of specified materials
    • E04H12/08Structures made of specified materials of metal

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT OEETCEQ CHARLES It. SMITH, vOF HAVERHILL, NEW HAMPSHIRE.
lMPaovEMI-:NT IN FENCE-Peers.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 4 l ,541, dated February 9, 1864.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GnAELEs It. SMITH, of Haverhill, in the county of Grafton and State of New Hampshire, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in the Construction of Fences; and .I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, makin g a part'ofthis speci. fication, in which- Figure 1 is a side view of a section or panel of a fence constructed according to my invention; Fig. 2, a transverse vertical section of the same, taken in the line x a', Fig. 1.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the two figures.
To enable those skilled in the art to fully understand and construct my invention, I will proceed to describe it.
A A represent the two parts of a section or,
panel of a fence, and B represents the rails or boards which are nailed to the posts at one side thereof at Vsuitable distances apart. Througheach post A, near its upper end, a pin, al, passes transyersely, and projects a short distance beyond the sides of the posts. These pins may be of wood or metal. thelatter being preferable.
In the lower end of each end post, A, there is fitted transversely a metal bar, C. These bars are secured in the posts by pins b, and said bars project ^a considerable distance beyond the sides of the posts, as shown in Fig. 2.
D D represent two braces, which are of wood, that being the vpreferable material. although metal rods may beusetl"iiistead. The upper ends of these braces areiilwched, and are fitted under the pins c, a brace being at each side of each post, as shown in Fig. 2. The upper parts of these braces, near the pins a, are encompassed by a wire, c, and they are also encompas eil by a wire, d, near theirlower ends, both wires passing around the posts A` A. The lower wire, d, is much larger in` diameter than the upper one, in order to admit of the braces being expanded or spread apart to a certain extent at their lower ends, as shown in Fig. 2. The upper wire merely retains the braces in Contact with the pins a.
The lower wires, d, havey small cleats or strips e of wood on them for the braces D D to bear against.
The lower ends of the braces D D are lnotched and rest on the bar C, and firmly retain the posts in position. This will be fully understood by referring to Fig. l. The braces, it will be seen, cannot bevpressed inward at their lower ends, as they will bind on the bar G, and they cannot be loosened by being pressed outward, for the wires d retain them. The braces, in order to be detached from the posts, require to be free from the wires d, and the latter may be readily opened, as its ends need onlyfto be twisted around each other to form a fastening. For portable fences I prefer the wires d with their ends fastened together 'by a twist; but for permanent fences a bolt may be employed passing through the posts and-their two braces.
By this arrangement it will be seen that a fence may be readily put up and taken down, and when pnt up the fence will be stiff and firm.
The bars C are secured to a foundation, E, which may be of tile or any artificial stone or baked earth or earthy cements.l It is com posed of slabscx, two or more, put together in V form, as shown in Fig. 2, and connected together by a metal rod, F, which passes longitudinally through them, and is made at one end to clasp the, bar G and hold it snugly to one endiof the foundation, and it may be secured at itsy opposite end in the same way to the bar C, or by a nut and screw or other proper means. This foundationis fitted snugly in the earth, and serves as a firm and durable foundation for the posts, preventing them being thrown out from the perpendicular by frost and other causes. The 'space between the slabs eX eX may be lled in with earth or any other suitable material, such as cement, brimstone, &c. used, the rod F may be dispensed with,although I think it would be preferable to use it in all cases.
It will be seen that all drilling is avoided, none being necessary, as in stone foundations, where posts and braces are fitted into them. The tiles may be made at small expense, and readily placed or sunk in position to receive the posts. The tiles, in consequence of being placed or adjusted together in V form, will set snugly in the earth, and will not be liable to get misplaced by the action of the frost and other causes.
It these latter materialsbe l the posts A, braces D D,bars C, and the wires d, or their equivalents, as and for the purpose herein specified.
CHARLES R. SMITH.
Witnesses:
HENRY SWAN, J. B. F. WooDWARD.
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