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US413800A US413800DA US413800A US 413800 A US413800 A US 413800A US 413800D A US413800D A US 413800DA US 413800 A US413800 A US 413800A
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    • B61L29/00Safety means for rail/road crossing traffic
    • B61L29/24Means for warning road traffic that a gate is closed or closing, or that rail traffic is approaching, e.g. for visible or audible warning
    • B61L29/26Means for warning road traffic that a gate is closed or closing, or that rail traffic is approaching, e.g. for visible or audible warning mechanically operated


-Y v 2 Sheets-Sheet '1. R. BLACK 8v 0. M. HAVEY.
No. 413,800. Patented Oct. 29, 1889.
(No Mddel.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
3'. BLACK & c. M. HAVEY.
No. 413,800. Patented 001:.29, 1889.-
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters. Patent No. 413,800, dated October 29, 1889. Application filed May 13, 1889. fierial No. 310,518. (No model.)
To aZZ whom, it may concern.-
' Be it known that we, ROBERT BLACK and CORNELIUS M. HAVEY, of the city and State of New York, have invented an Improvement in Railway-Signals, of which the following is a specification.
The object of this invention is to operate the visual signal automatically by the passage of the train in order that an approaching train may be signaled, and this is especially useful where a train is run upon a turn-out or switch previous to being backed upon another track.
Visual signals have been operated in many instances by inclined rail-bars adjacent to the track and upon which rail-bars the treads of the wheels pass and depress such rail-bars and move the signal to indicate danger. When the train is past and the signal is again set to safety, the inclined rail-bars are raised, ready to be operatedby thenext passing train. An apparatus of this kind is illustrated in Patent No. 345,782, granted July 20, 1886, to O. M. lrlavey, R. Black, and T. G. Palmer.
The object of the present invention is to move the signal when the train is going in one direction, leaving such signal free to be operated when the train is going in the other direction, and in this manner a false signal is prevented when the train is simply being run 'upon a siding or single track.
In the drawings, Figure l is a plan view of the track with the signal apparatus applied thereto. Fig. 2 is an elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a section at the line a: 00, and Fig. 4 is a section at the line y y, of Fig. 1.
The track-rails A and cross-ties B are of any ordinary character, and at Q is a post having a swinging signal or semaphore D, that is operated by a connecting-rod E and bent lever F and link to a sliding cam-plate G, within a supporting frame H, fastened upon the crossties of the track, and in this cam-plate G is an inclined slot 2, having parallel end portions, which allow the plate to be moved both before and after the visual signal is set, the diagonal portion of the slot either raising or lowering such visual signal. This camplate G is connected by a link I to the longitudinal bar K, which maybe connected with the mechanism employed in moving the switch-rails; or it may receive motion from a hand-lever at the signalst'ation, or in any other desired manner.
The automatic connection to the signal is operated by the passing train, the wheel-treads running over and depressing the rail-bar M, at the moving end of which is a link N to a lever-arm 0 upon the cross-shaft P, at the end of which is a crank-arm Q to a sliding block on the longitudinal bar K, and'there is a spring at S for pressing the sliding block and crank arm Q toward the collar T, and which spring S yields and allows the rail M to be depressed and the sliding block moved without breaking the parts by the passing train, even should the longitudinal bar K be locked at any portion of its length. This feature is similar to the devices shown in the aforesaid patent. A cross-shaft P is supported in suitable bearings between the cross-ties of the track, the shaft being shown as square, except at the journals within the bearings. The pivot-bolt 4 for the rail-bar M passes through one of the track-rails A and is secured by nuts, as seen in Fig. 3, and around the bolt 4 is a spring 5 and a washer-plate 6, and the nut 7 applies the proper pressure to the spring 5 to force the washer 6 and the rail-bar M up against the side of the track-rail A, and near the moving end of-the rail-bar M is aframe Y, fastened upon one of the cross ties and receiving through one portion thereof the slide-rod 8,
the end of which is fastened to a yielding angle-iron 10, there being a bolt 11 passing through a slot in the frame Y for holding the foot of this angle-iron 10 in position, but allowing it and the rod 8 to move toward or from the track-rail A, and around the rod 8 is a spring 13 and nut 14, by which the pressure of the spring is regulated,and this angle-iron guide 10 presses against the outer side of the rail-bar M to keep the same toward the rail, and the moving end of the rail-bar is bent outwardly, as seen in the plan Fig. 1, and passes to the link N.
It will now be understood that when the train is passing in the direction of the arrow 20, Fig. 1, the tread of the wheel that projects outside the rail acts upon the rail-bar M, de-
pressing the same and moving the signal D to danger, and in this position it remains until it is set at safety by the train moving forward over the next rail-bar; but should the train be backed or run off upon a siding, so as to be moving in the direction of the arrow 21, the visual signal is not thereby changed, because the curved portion 22 of the rail-bar M is above the track, as indicated in Figs. 1 and 4, and the tread of the wheel comes into contact therewith and cannot mount this end of the rail-bar, but it pushes it bodily and laterally away from the track against the action of the springs 5 and 13; hence the visual signal is not moved, but remains properly in position, and after the train has passed along the springs 5 and 13 return the rail-bar M to the side of the track A, in position to be acted upon by a train passing in the direction of the arrow 20. This arrangement is found in practice to be of great convenience, especially in cases where trains are temporarily run back upon atrack and switched off, so as to go upon another track without changing the visual signal that has been set automatically. The signal is moved out of danger by an apparatus of a similar character at a suitable distance off and to which the bar K is extended, as in the aforesaid patent. The second set of arms 0 Q at the opposite side of the track are provided so that the connections and bar M can be applied at either side of the track.
We claim as our invention-- 1. The combination, with the signal and the rail-bars and connections for moving the same, of the springs 5 and 13 and the rods for the same for pressing the rail-bar against the side of the track-bar and for allowing the rail-bar to yield laterally when the train is going in one direction, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with the pivoted railbar and the connections from the same to the signal, of the frame Y, the yielding angle-iron 10, the rod 8, and spring 13, for pressing the angle-iron against the rail-bar and for allowing such rail-bar to yield laterally, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
Signed by us this 7 th day of May, 1889.
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