US725316A - Derail. - Google Patents

Derail. Download PDF

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Publication number
US725316A
US725316A US8932002A US1902089320A US725316A US 725316 A US725316 A US 725316A US 8932002 A US8932002 A US 8932002A US 1902089320 A US1902089320 A US 1902089320A US 725316 A US725316 A US 725316A
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Prior art keywords
rail
point
lifter
track
block
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US8932002A
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Edward C Carter
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Edward C Carter
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L5/00Local operating mechanisms for points or track-mounted scotch-blocks; Visible or audible signals; Local operating mechanisms for visible or audible signals
    • B61L5/10Locking mechanisms for points; Means for indicating the setting of points

Description

No. 725,816. I I PATENTED APR; 14, 1903.
B. 0. CARTER.
DERAIL.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 11, 1902.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
N0 MODEL.
v 220-67721; w /fim zwtwda'c'm FW W Z JUM/ No. 725,316. PATENTED APR. 14, 1903."
E. G. CARTER.
DERAIL.
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA EEEEEEEEEEEEE 2 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFicE,
EDWARD o. CARTER, or EVANSTON, ILLINOIS.
DERAIL.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters PatentrNo. 725,316, dated April 14, 1903.
Application filed .Tanuaryll, 1902. Serial No. 89,320. (No model.)
To ctZZ whOm it may concern.-
Be it known that I, EDWARD C. CARTER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Evanston, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Derails, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to that class of mechanisms which is adapted to derail a train which overruns a signal indicating stop, and especially to the construction and arrangement of the parts forming a perfect derail and leaving, the main rails continuous and unbroken, all of which will be more fully hereinafter set forth.
The principal object of the invention is to provide asimple, economical, and eflicientderail which will leave the main running-rails intact at all times.
A further object is toprovide a continuous track with means by which a moving train may be derailed at a desired point without in any way interfering with the construction of the track, so that such track may be formed of the ordinary rail and subjected to the ordinary conditions.
Further objects of the inventionwill appear from an examination of the drawings and the following description and claims.
The invention consists principally in the combination, with an ordinary track,'of a single switch-point arranged adjacent to the inside of one rail and adapted to be moved to and from the same, an inclined block on the other rail arranged to be moved to and from the top of such rail, and means for giving such parts their proper motion.
The invention consists, further, in the combination of a pair of ordinary track-rails, a single switch-point arranged on the inside of one rail and adaptedto be moved to and from the same, an inclined block arranged on the other rail, the inner side of which is inclined outwardly and adapted to be moved to and from the top of such rail, and means for giving the parts their proper motions.
The invention consists, further, in the combination of a pair of ordinary track-rails, a single-point switch-rail arranged to be moved on the inside'of one rail and adapted to be moved to and from the same, an inclined block on the other rail, the inclined surface of which is inclined outwardly and adapted to be moved to and from the top of such rail, means for giving the single split point a sliding movement, and crank-and-lever mechanism for giving the inclined block a parallel movement.
The invention consists, further and finally, in the features, combinations, and details of. construction hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of a railway-track fitted with the derailing devices constructed in accordance with these improvements; Fig. 2, an enlarged broken cross-sectional view taken on line 2 of Fig. 1 looking inthe direction of the arrow; Fig. 3, a side elevation taken on line 3 of"Fig. .1'looking in. the direction of the arrow, and Fig. 4 a sectional detail elevation taken on line 4 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrow.
In the art to which this device relates it is well known that the derailing devices commonly used consist of a split point, which when in position to allow trains to'pass over it become a part of the permanent way and which can have its point moved in toward thecen-ter of the track when it is intended to .act as a derail, rendering the permanent way discontinuous onthat side. There are several serious objections to thisform of derail, the first and principal one being that it introduces into the permanent way an unspik'ed length of rail from ten to fifteen feetin length, fastened at the heel by the ordinary anglebar joint-plates and held at the point by an auxiliary lock rod and the connections through which it receives itsmovements. As
this split point is made by bending and planing that the ordinary form of derail instead of being as strong as the track at other points is materially weaker and is objectionable for that reason.
The second serious objection to the ordinary derail is that as it forms a part of the permanent way it is subjected to longitudinal movements due to expansion and contraction of rails and to the creeping of rails, which is always more or less pronounced in track under heavytrafiic. This movementderanges the adjustment of the point and is often so extreme that the point cannot be locked for the passage of trains till a readjustment of the connections has been made. The recurrence of this trouble tends to the loose adj ustment of the parts and results in material imperfections of the gage of the track at such points.
The third objectionable feature of the ordinary derail is that it forms a part of the permanant way and is subject to all of the wear due to passage of all of the traffic over it, the same as over any other portion of the track, and has to be renewed oftener than other parts of the permanent way in order to be safe, thus being expensive in maintenance.
The principal object of this invention is to overcome each of the above objections and at the same time to be effective as a derail when needed. It overcomes the first objection, as it forms no part of the permanent way and can be applied and used in connection with the usually fully-spiked and uninterrupted main rails, leaving them intact for the passage of traffic at such times as it is proper that such traffic movements should be made. It overcomes the second objection, as it is not connected with the main rails, and therefore is not subject to their movements. Hence it can be adjusted more closely and will retain its adjustment indefinitely. It overcomes the third objection, as it is not subject to any Wear whatever by the regular traific and is used only by wheels that should be derailed to prevent a collision or other dangerous form of accident due to the disregard of a stop-signal.
It will be seen that by continuing the lifterplate over and onto an adjoining rail spiked down to the sleepers outside of the maintrack rail this device can be used as a switch to permit cars and trains to be moved from the main track to a siding or other connection as well as for a derail only.
In constructing a derailing device in accordance with these improvements and using it in connection with a pair of ordinary trackrails a and b, which go to form the ordinary railroad-tracks, I prefer to provide a split point e of the desired size and shape, as shown in the drawings, and arrange it on the inside of the rail a and upon a plurality of slideplates f, so that it may be moved away from or toward the rail, as circumstances may require. It will be seen from this arrangement thata train running in the direction indicated the other wheels of the train should be raised or elevated, so that its flanges may pass over the head of the rail 12. In order to accomplish this result, I make what I prefer to term a lifter plate or block 9 and arrange it on the top of the head of the rail, as shown particularly in the cross-section of Fig. 2. This lifter-plate, as shown in Fig. 3, has a gradually-rising incline h on its upper surface, so that the tread of the wheel is elevated, and consequently the flange. Its inner surface '5 is inclined outwardly from the inside of the rail, so that as the wheel is elevated it is likewise permitted to move transversely over the top or head of the ordinary trackrail and drop down on the outside thereof to derail the train. To throw or move this split point and inclined lifter into and out of position simultaneously and at the desired times, the lifter-plate is provided with a pair of connecting-rods j and is, pivotally secured thereto and to the pivoted cranks Z and m, which are pivoted in crank-boxes n, fixed to a baseplate 0, which in turn is secured to several of the sleepers p. The bell-crank leverl has three arms Z, q, and r of the desired length, the lever-arm a" being the shortest arm and connected with the split-point rail by means of a connecting-rod s and the bar '25, such bar being suitably secured, as shown in Fig. 2, to the split-point rail. The lifter-plate is also provided with a pair of guiding-rods a, rigidly secured thereto and passed through brackets v upon antifriction-rollers 10. It will be noticed that these guiding-rods (see Fig. 2) are arranged at an incline and bent near their ends, where they are attached to the lifter-plate, so that as they are moved backward they guide the lifter-plate for a short distance back in a plane coincident with the angle of such rods and until the bent portion of the rod strikes the brackets with their antifriction-rolls. Immediately on such curved portion striking the brackets the lifter-plate is moved downwardly into a plane below the head of the rail or outside the clearance-line of the track-wheels, thereby removing the lifter-plate from any possible danger-point of being struck by the wheels, all of which will be appreciated by those skilled in the art. For the purpose of primarily actuating these devices the bar i may be continued outside of the rail a and connected with a bell-crank lever '31 in any desired manner, so as to be actuated by the system of links and levers a; from any desired station or point. It may also be provided with the usual bolt-locking devices by means of the rods 2 and 20, which, however, form no part or portion of this invention and are merely illustrated herein for the purpose of enabling those skilled in the art to practice the invention.
IIO
I claim- 1. In a derailing apparatus, the combina tion of a pair of ordinary track-rails, a singlepoint switch-rail arranged on the inside of one rail and adapted to be moved to and fromthe same, an inclined lifter-block on the other rail the inclined surface of which is inclined outwardly and adapted to bemoved to and from the top of such rail, means for giving the single split point a' sliding movement, and crank-and-lever mechanism for giving the inclined block a parallel-movement, sub-- stantiallyias described.
2. In a derailing apparatus, the combination with a pair of ordinary rails forming a continuous track of a split rail arranged on the inside of one track-rail, an inclined lifterblock arranged on the top of the opposite rail, means for moving the inclined cam-block pivotally connected with the inclined lifter bl0ck,a pair of bent guide-rods rigidly secured tothe lifter-block, supporting bracket mechanism for each of such guide-rods b'y'which as the cam-block is moved backwardly it is also moved downwardly, mechanism I connecting one of the multiple "pivoted levers with the split-point rail by which both such parts-the split-point rail andthe carn-block'are moved backward and forward, substantially as described.
4. In a derailing apparatus, the combination with a pair of ordinary rails, of a lifterblock inclined upwardly and having its inner surface inclined outwardly and arranged on the top of one of the'rails, a pivoted lever.
having two lever-arms pivotally connected with. the inclined '1ifter-bl0ck, a second pivoted leverhaving three arms" pivotally "con nected with the inclined lifter-block and with" the first-named pivoted lever,a split-point rail arrangedon the inside of. the opposite trackrail, and bar and connecting-rod mechanism connected with the split-point rail and pivotally connected with the second multiple piv-' the inclined block are moved backward and forward simultaneously, substantially'as described.
oted lever, whereby the split-point rail and 5. In a derailing apparatus, the combina-'* tion with a-pair of ordinaryrails, -'of a lifter block inclined upwardly and having its inner surface inclined outwardly and arranged on the top of one of the rails,-a pivoted lever having two lever-arms pivotally connected with the inclined lifter-block,a second pivoted lever having three arms pivotally connected I with the inclined lifter-block and with the first-named pivoted lever, a split-point rail arranged; on the inside of the opposite trackrail, bar and connecting-rod mechanism connected with the split-point rail and pivotally connected with" the second multiple pivoted lever, whereby the split-point rail and the in-* clined lifter-block are moved 'backwardand forward simultaneously,- a pair of guide-rods rigidly secured to the inclined "lifterblock arranged at an incline tothe horizontal plane and-bent adjacent to where they are secured I to the inclined lifter-block,' and a pair of guiding-brackets provided with antifriction-rolh ers for each guide-rod for moving such lifterblock outwardly and downwardly and in a reverse'manner during the operations of the" same, substantially as described.
Witnesses:
THOMAS F. SHERIDAN, HARRY IRWIN CRoMER.
EDWA'RDC. CARTER.
US8932002A 1902-01-11 1902-01-11 Derail. Expired - Lifetime US725316A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3944174A (en) * 1974-09-20 1976-03-16 Federal Sign And Signal Corporation Derail wheel crowder

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3944174A (en) * 1974-09-20 1976-03-16 Federal Sign And Signal Corporation Derail wheel crowder

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