US411066A - And louis l - Google Patents

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US411066A
US411066A US411066DA US411066A US 411066 A US411066 A US 411066A US 411066D A US411066D A US 411066DA US 411066 A US411066 A US 411066A
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type
sleeve
levers
key
lever
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J1/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement or disposition of the types or dies
    • B41J1/22Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection
    • B41J1/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection the plane of the type or die face being parallel to the axis of rotation, e.g. with type on the periphery of cylindrical carriers

Definitions

  • My invention relates to thatclass of type: writers wherein a rotatable sliding typesleeve, cylinder, or parallelopipedon is employed.
  • the object of my invention is to provide a type-Writer of an efficient, cheap, simple, and durable construction, capable of easy and l 5 rapid operation, and whereby the Writing or printing may be done in perfect alignment.
  • I endeavor to bring each and all the different type or characters on the type-sleeve into position for printing by the least practicable movement of the typesleeve in each case, to the end'that the different characters may be printed in as quick and rapid succession as possible, and also to diminish as far as possible the momentum of the type-sleeve.
  • the type-sleeve reciprocates parallel to the line of printing in either direction from its normal position. This reciproeating movement operates to bring each and all the separate type or characters on the typesleeve into position longitudinally in front of the impression-hammer.
  • the rotary movement of the type-sleeve serves to bring each of the separate type or characters on the type-sleeve into position radially in front of the impression-hammer.
  • the radial and longitudinal movements of the type-sleeve take place simultaneously, so that the resultant or actual movement of the individual type from its normal posit-ion to its printing position 4.0 takes place in a spiral line.
  • the rotary motion of the type-sleeve may preferably'be imparted to it continuously in one direction to bring its several faces into position radially for printing, though it may, if desired, be turned in both directions radially from its normal position.
  • the type-sleeve is preferably a parallelopipedon of nine faces or sides, each face being furnished With ten separate type or characters in a straight line, thus Serial No- Z83Af57- (Nomodel-l giving ninety separate type or "characters upon the sleeve.
  • the twenty-six lower-case characters, the comma, period, interrogationpoint, and hyphen are arranged on the first three rows or faces of the type-sleeve.
  • the capital letters occupy the next three rows or faces of the type-sleeve, and Arabic numerals and other characters occupy the remaining three faces of the type-sleeve.
  • the machine has thirty keys and-key-levers.
  • the key-levers are all arranged parallel to each other and in the same horizontal plane, and they have a common pivot or fulcrum.
  • the keys are arranged in three separate rows. All the keys of one row operate to slide the type-sleeve Without rotating it. The keys of the next row operate both to turn the type-sleeve and to slide it, and the keys of the third row operate to turn still another face of the type-Wheel into radial position for printing, and also to slide it longitudinally.
  • the keys or keylevers are arranged in sets of threes, one key of each set being in each of the three rows of keys, so that a single stop device to limit the longitudinal movement of the type-sleeve may be employed for each set of three key-levers.
  • the stop devices which I employ are therefore only ten in number, and they consist of sliding pins arranged in the same vertical plane and adapted to be projected up in the path of the sliding type-sleeve or of the shuttle or frame on which the type-sleeve is carried.
  • Motion is communicated to these vertically-sliding stop-pins from any one of the key-levers of any set by means of bent leversten in number, or one for each stop-pin.
  • One end of each of these bent levers spans the space of three key-levers, so that any one of the key-levers of such set of three will operate the stop-pin.
  • Reciprocating or longitudinal motion to the required extent is communicated to the type-sleeve from each of these stop-pins by a pair of bent levers, the horizontal arm of the bent lever being engaged by shoulders or projections on the verticallysliding stop-pins, the same engaging or striking against said short arm at diiferent distances from its pivot or fulcrum.
  • the stop pins are arranged in two setsfive on each side.
  • the stop-pins operate through one bent lever to reciprocate the sleeve in one direction, while the five other stop-pins opcrate through the other bent lever to reciprocate the type-sleeve in the opposite direction.
  • the type-sleeve is returned after each movement to its normal or middle position by a spring which operates agz'iinst both the bent levers.
  • the upper ends or arms of each of the bent levers is furnished with a fork that engages a pin on the typesleeve carriage.
  • each keylever of the second row of keys through the medium of a bent lever and suitable connecting devices which operate to turn the shaft on which the type'sleeve slides.
  • Each of the key-levers of this second row of keys is furnished with a projection which strikes against the bent lever.
  • the key-levers of the third row of keys operate to turn the type-sleeve shaft two-ninths of a revolution.
  • the type-sleeve is turned one-third of a revolution by aset-key and lever to bring the rows of upper-case characters into position for operation, and it is turned two-thirds of a revolution by a similar set-key and lever to bring the numeral characters, 850., into the field of operation.
  • the key-levers operate in the same manner, as before described, both to slide and to rotate the type-sleeve.
  • My invention consists in the novel devices and novel combinations of parts and devices herein shown and described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
  • Figure l is a plan view of a machine embody ing my invent-ion.
  • Fig. 2 is an end view.
  • Fig. i is a vertical section taken on line 2') 3 of Fig. 2, the ink-ribbon rollers and some of the other parts being removed, so as to show the stoppins and mechanism forolieratingthe sliding sleeve.
  • Fig. 1- is a vertical longitudinal section taken on line i of Fig. 3.
  • Fig. 5 is a plan view of the keys and keylevers, looking down from line 5 5 of Fig. 3.
  • FIG. 6 is a detail perspective view showing only three of the key-levers and their connections to more clearly illustrate the operation.
  • Fig. '7 is a detail end view of the paper-holder roll and frame.
  • Figs. 8, S), and 10 are detail end views of the paper-holder roll and clamp, showing the same in different positions.
  • Fig. 11 is a section of the papenroll.
  • Fig. 12 is a detail view showing the set keys and levers for setting or adjusting the type-sleeve shaft in position for the caps and figures.
  • Figs. 13 is a detail perspective view showing only three of the key-levers and their connections to more clearly illustrate the operation.
  • Fig. '7 is a detail end view of the paper-holder roll and frame.
  • Figs. 8, S), and 10 are detail end views of the paper-holder roll and clamp, showing the same in different positions.
  • Fig. 11 is a section of the papenroll.
  • Fig. 12 is a detail view showing the
  • FIGs. 15 and 16 are detail views of the spacing device for moving the paperroll carriage longitudinally the space of one letter.
  • A represents the frame of the machine,which maybe of any suitable construction adapted to give support and bearing to the various mo able parts or devices of the machine.
  • the frame preferably consists of a rectangular box-shaped portion A, having vertical sides, and a stepped front A, for the keyshanks to pass through.
  • This portion of: the frame has interiorly-projecting horizontal ledges or brackets (1, upon which the key-lever frame A is secured by suitable screws or bolts.
  • the kcy-lever frame A is provided. with vertical angle-plates or brackets (1., to which the pivot bar or pin Z) of the key-levers l is secured. All the key-lcvers l3 extendv in the same horizontal plane, and have the same fulcrum or pivot pin Z).
  • the key-levers consist of flat steel bars arranged parallel to each other and separated from each other by short sleeves or washers I) on the pivot-pin b.
  • the keys B are arranged in three ranks or rows, as indicated at Fig. l in the drawings, and the keys are connected to the key-levers by the key-shanks 13 the lower ends of the key-shanks being pivoted to the key-levers.
  • the key-shanks B extend through suitable holes in the key-board or step portion A of the frame.
  • the three keys B of each set of three contiguous key-levers are found one in each of the three rows or ranks of keys in the keyboard.
  • (l is the sliding rotatable type-sleeve, preferably about an inch in length and about onehalf inch in diameter.
  • This type-sleeve preferably has nine faces c or lines of type, the separate type or characters c being arranged in straight lines, extending from one end of the sleeve to the other.
  • the type-sleeve O is mounted to reciprocate or slide upon a revoluble shaft 0, which is journaled in suitable bearings a" on the top eross-barA of the frame.
  • the bearings u. may be of any suitable construction; but I preferably employ ordinary screw point bearings, as indicated in the drawings, as the screws a ailord a ready and easy means of adjusting the shaft longitiulinally.
  • the type-wheel shaft 0' is preferably sq uare in cross-section It, however, may be given any desired cross section or shape which is adapted to permit the type-sleeve (J to slide thereon and prevent the sleeve from revolving thereon.
  • This slide or shuttle C has perforated ears 0 through which the shaft 0 passes, and which fitragainst each end of the type-sleeve, so that whatever movement is given the slide will be imparted to the typesleeve.
  • Thistype-sleeve shuttle or slide 0 is also furnished with shoulders 0 0 which abut against the vertically-sliding stop-pins D. It is further provided with horizontallyprojecting pins 0 which engage the forked ends f of the bent levers F F. t
  • the type-sleeve slide C is further provided with a horizontally-projecting guide-pin 0 that works in the horizontally-slotted guide E, which is fixed rigidly to the frame-bar A
  • the vertioally-sliding stop-pins D are all arranged in the same vertical plane, five on each side of the median line of the machine, there being ten of these stop-pins in all, or one for each longitudinal division or set of three type-keys and levers. It should here be understood that there are ten type or characters O in each of the nine faces of the type-sleeve.
  • the distance between the consecutive stop-pins D is equal to the space between the types or characters 0 c longitudinally on the type-sleeve.
  • the stop-pins D extend up through guide-holes in the horizontal portion 8 of the guide-plate E. These guide-holes are all arranged in a straight line.
  • the stop-pins D are preferably made of round steel wire, and are each provided with a horizontally-proj ecting pin or shoulder d to engage and operate thebent levers F F.
  • the shoulders or projections dthereon all stand in the same horizontal plane or line.
  • the type-sleeve-operating levers F F are pivoted by pins f to suitable projections e on the vertical depending portion of the guide-plate E, and this depending portion of the guide-plate ,E is furnished with vertical guide-slots 6 through which the pins d on the stop-pins D project, in order to afford suitable guides'for the sliding pins D.
  • the levers F F are pivoted one on each side of the center line of the machine, and their horizontal arms f f project over the shoulders d of the stop-pins D.
  • the stop-pin D on each side which is farthest from the normal or middle position of the type-sleeve is nearest the pivot or fulcrum of the lever F or F, so that this extreme stop-pin will impart the greatest movement to the bent lever F or F and to the type-sleeve actuated thereby; and in like manner the two inner stop-pins which are nearest the central position of the typesleeve are farthest from the fulcrum of the operatinglevers F or F, so that the movement of .these inner stop-pins communicates a correspondingly less movement to the typetype-sleeve longitudinally into position for printingthat is to say, in front of the impression-hammer G.
  • the ten stop-pins D are operated each by their appropriate set of three type-levers B by a series of bent levers H.
  • the bent levers or rock-shafts H are ten in numberone for each stop-pinD.
  • One arm h of each lever H is furnished with a suitable hole, in which fits the shouldered end d of the stoppin D.
  • the other arm lb of each bent lever or rock-shaft H is furnished witha pin or broad foot 7L2, adapted to span the set of three contiguous type-levers B, by which or either of which it is operated.
  • the pivots of these levers are journaled in the brackets a on the key-lever frame A
  • the inner prongs f of the forks f on the upper ends of the levers F F are made short enough so that the pins 0 on the type-sleeve shuttle will pass over such inner short prong when the levers F F occupy their normal position, while at the same time these short prongs of the fork are long enough to engage said pins 0 0 when the lever F or F is raised sufficiently to overcome the lost motion.
  • the reciprocating type-sleeve O or its carriage O is returned to its middle or normal position after each impression by a springactuated arm or lever K, pivoted at it to the frame of the machine and provided with a T-shapedor forked end 7c, which rests upon or strikes against the horizontal arm f of the levers F F.
  • the spring K which actuates the lever K, is attached to the key-lever frame.
  • This spring-lever is further provided with a foot or projecting blade or bar K which rests against the horizontal or upper arms h of the bent levers or rock-shafts H, and thus serves to actuate the lever K from these levers H at each impulse of any of the key-levers B.
  • the type-sleeve-turning pin M is actuated by the key-levers whose keys are in the second rank or row on the key-board, and it operates to This gear 0 may be an lOO turn the type-sleeve one-ninth of a revolu tion, and thus bring the second row or face of the type on the type-sleeve radially in position for printing.
  • the typesleeve-rotating pin M is actuated by the type-levers of the third or last row of keys, and it operates to turn the type-sleeve two-ninths of a revolution, and thus bring the third row or face of type on the type-sleeve radially into position for printing.
  • the sliding pins M M only engage one of the three pins of the lantern-gear 0
  • the other two pins of the lantern-gear are in like manner operated upon by the type-sleeveturning pins M M when the type-sleeve has been first turned one-third of a revolution to bring the caps into the field of operation, or two-thirds of a revolution to bring the Arabic numerals, the, into the field of operation by the cap and numeral set-key levers, as will be hereinafter described.
  • the type-slccve-turning sliding pin M is operated by a bent lever or rock-shaft N, one arm n of which is furnished with a hole at its end, in which fits the shouldered end on of the sliding pin M.
  • the other arm a of this bent lover or rock-shaft N is furnished with a cross-bar or foot n spanning all the keylevers B.
  • Each successive third key-lever B is provided with an upwardly projecting shoulder 5 which engages the cross-bar or foot n of the bent lever or rock-shaft N.
  • the height of the projection D on these key-levers 13 above the general surface of the other key-levers is such as to permit such other key-levers to be raised to their full extent without striking or operating the bent lever N.
  • the type-sleeve-turning pin M is operated by projections Z1 on the keylevers 1 whose keys are in the third or last row on the key-board.
  • the projections Z1 on the k eylevers of this third rank of keys impinge against a bent lever 0, having a horizontal upper arm 0, in the end of which fits the shouldered end in of the pin M.
  • the other arm 0 of this bent lever or roekshaft O is furnished with a cross-bar or foot 0 which spans all the key-levers, and is engaged by said projections Zr on each third key-lever.
  • the type-sleeve is turned one-third or twothirds of a revolution to set it into position for printing caps or figures by means of a loose gear on the shaft 0.
  • This gear c is loose on the type-sleeve shaft C, so that the type-sleeve shaft may be readily turned oneninth or two-ninths of a revolution by the lantern-gear c when actuated by the key-levers ll in the ordinary operation.
  • the loose gear 0 has a projection c on its side, which is engaged by a radial pin 1;, secured.
  • the gear c is rotated by a sliding rack 1, having a projecting step or ledge 1, which is engaged by the cap set key-lever l. and also by the numeral set key-lever I.
  • the numeral set key-lever I is adapted to give the rack P twice the movement that is given it by the cap set key-lever 1, the one turning the shaft 0 two-thirds of a revolu tion,while the other turns it but one-third of a revolution.
  • the set key-levers P and 1 both have a common pivot or fulcrum which secured to a bracket (0 on the frame.
  • the shanks p of the set key-levers 1 P are pivoted to said levers and each furnished with notches 11 which are adapted to engage the metal plate A of the key-board, and thus hold the set key levers permanently depressed.
  • This is sometimes a convenience, espeeiall y where a number of capital letters or figures are to be struck consecutively.
  • a slight lateral pressure or movement on the shank ])2 will engage or disengage this holdin g-notch mm in the key-board.
  • the cap or figure set key-lever may be held depressed by the linger of one hand, while the keys B are struck with the fingers of the other hand.
  • 1" l" are the keys of the cap and numeral set key-levers, respectively.
  • the type-sleeve shaft 0 is returned to its normal posi ion radially after each impulse by a spring c
  • This spring may operate directly or indirectly upon. the type-sleeve shaft. If it is arranged to operate directly without any intermediate devices, it may preferably be a spiral spring, as shown in the drawings, and inclosed within a suitable barrel or case 0, surrounding the shaft C.
  • the impression-hammer G is secured to a rock-shaft or bent lever g, which. is pivotally mounted in suitable bearings on the braekets a, which project up from. the key-lever frameA at each side.
  • the bent levers N and O are pivoted to the same brackets a.
  • the rock-shaft g which actuates the impressioil-hammer, is furnished with an arm g, having a foot or crossbar which spans or extends across all the key-levers at the rear. ends thereof, so that as the key-levers are moved through thelastportion of their throw they will strike against the hammer G and impart the necessary impulse thereto.
  • the frame A is provided. with a ledge a" at its rear end for therear ends of the key-levers B to rest upon, and thus keep them all in their normal position.
  • their rear ends are furnished with weights U.
  • the hammer G is thus operated by each movement of each key-lever, but the impulse is not given to the hammer until after the first ll'lOVOlllOlll) of the key-lever, through the connecting mechanism before described, brin the appropriate type upon the guide'loar A or character on the type-sleeve into position for printing in front of the hammer G.
  • the shape of the hammer is such, as indicated in the drawings, in relation to its fulcrum or pivot and to the position of the type-sleeve that the hammer returns to place by its own gravity.
  • the hammer is also so mounted, as shown, as to require a sharp or staccato blow on the key-lever to strike a blow against the type-sleeve. It may, however, be so adjusted or mounted as to strike a slow or pressure blow. Better work, however, will ordinarily be done when the hammer is so mounted and adjusted as to require a sharp blow on the key-lever.
  • q is a stop or rest to support the hammer in position. It is attached to the frame A and is or should be furnished with a cushion G to prevent noise.
  • R is the paper holder slide or carriage, mounted to reciprocate back and forth on suitable guide rods or ways A A which are attached to suitable brackets 00" a secured to the frame of the machine.
  • the rear framebar R of this paper-holder carriage is furnished with a guide lip or pin 7', that fits under the guide-bar A and with a stud r, furnished with a friction-roller N, that rides
  • the frame A is furnished with a spring barrel or drum Q, around which a cord or line q is wound, the same being attached at one end to the stud r, so as to pull the paper-holder carriage across the machine.
  • the paper-holder carriage R is furnished at its front side with a rack-bar R extending entirely across said carriage.
  • the teeth of this rack R are the space of one letter or character apart, and the paper-holder carriage is moved the distance of onetooth at each movement of any of the key-levers B.
  • This movement of the paper-holder carriage is effected by the spring barrel or drum Q, and the pawl-like acting gears 76 k, which are journaled on a pin or stud k on the lever K.
  • the upper gear k is connected to the lower gear 10 by a spiral spring which tends to turn the gear 70 on the gear 70 the distance of one tooth, or so far as the slot 15 in the gear k, in which the pin k fits, will permit.
  • the lower gear is held from revolving in the wrong direction by the pawl 7c and its spring 7a
  • the upper gear'lt is normally in engage- I ment with the teeth of the rack R and as the gears k 70 are connected together by the pin 70 on the gear 7& fitting in the slot 70 of the gear 79 the pawl 70" will prevent the springbarrel Q from moving the carriage R.
  • the gears k k simply rotate on their shaft like ordinary gears and permit the carriage and its rack to slide back freely.
  • the pawl-like acting gears k 15 also, as they rotate continuously, are not subject to get out of order by wear like ordinary pawls.
  • the paper-holding roller S is journaled in suitable bearings s on the paper-carriage R.
  • the paper-roller S is provided with a hinged J clamp S for clamping and holding the front edge of the paper.
  • This clamp S is provided with an interior shoulder s for the end of the paper to rest against, and thus insure the winding of the sheet squarely on the roller.
  • the clamp S when closed completes the circle of the roller. It is hinged at s to the roller, and is furnished with an internal spring .9
  • the roller S is revolved by a thumb-wheel S the sleeve of which fits over or around the shaft S of the paper-roller S.
  • the sleeve of this thumb-wheel S is furnished with a crankarm 5 to which is pivoted a link 5
  • the link 8 has a slot 3 in which fits a pin or projection s on the clamp S.
  • the sleeve of the thumb-wheel S is thus so connected to the clamp S that when the sleeve is turned in the direction to wind up the sheet of paper on the paper-roller the link 5 will tend to holdthe clamp S closed. WVhen the thumb wheel, however, is turned in the opposite direction, the slotted link 5 will open the clamp S.
  • the paper-frame R is furnished with a curved spring-shield T of sheet metal, to give friction to the paper-roller S, and prevent its turning.
  • the papercarriage frame R is furnished with a hinged paper-feed frame T, which is provided with a hinged paper-clamp lever T.
  • the feed-frame T is pivoted at t to the carriage R, and it is provided with studs t,that rest in the sockets t on the frame R, in order to hold the pivoted feed-frame in position.
  • the clamp-lever T is preferably provided with a rubber-covered rod or bar i at its lower end, which operates to clamp the paper against the flat bar t of the feed-frame T.
  • the pivot-bar of the clamp-lever T is furnished with a flat blade i for the free end of the sheet of paper to rest upon.
  • the feed-frame Tis furnished with an elastic ribbon T preferably of rubber, which acts as a platen for the hammer G- to strike against. This rubber band serves to cushion the blow of the hammer against the typesleeve 0.
  • V and V are the spools upon which the inking tape or ribbon 'v is wound.
  • the inking-ribbon 1' passes around the guide-pulleys t" 1", and extends in a vertical plane between the type-sleeve O and the sheet of paper or the rubber platen T".
  • the ribbon-spools V V iit on the hubs r of the toothed or ratchet wheels 1;.
  • the ratchet-wheels 1' are journaled on vertical studs 11 on the frame of the machine.
  • the hub r of each of the ratchet-wheels o is furnished with a groove 1 in which a plug or pin 1.” may be inserted to lix either of the spools rigidly to the hub.
  • a spring frictionclamp n is secured by a nut n to one of the studs 2: in order to give the requisite tension to the inking-ribbon.
  • the ratchet-wheels v" are constantly revolved in opposite directions by springqiawls U U, which are pivoted to a forked lever 11, which is pivoted at u to a bracket a secured to the frame, and which lever is connected to and operated by the lever K.
  • the pin or plug r is inserted in one of the spools, such spool will of course revolve with its ratchet-wheel, and the inkingribbon will then slowly wind onto this spool and wind off of the other one, which revolves freely on the hub of its ratchet-wheel.
  • Y is the spacing-key. Its shank y is pivoted to the spacing-lever 1 ,which is fulcrumcd upon a stud 7 projecting from the side of the frame A.
  • This spacingdevcr 3 has a projection 1 which impinges against the short arm 1 of the lever K, whereby the spacenlcver K is operated independently of the keylevers B.
  • This spacer-lever y has a weight 2f upon its end to return it to place. I usually employ an inkingq'ibbon of.
  • the miper-carriage R is provided with a spring T, which bears against the hinged paper-feed frame T, and serves to hold the same closed, so that the clamp-levers T will. grip the paper before the paper-feed frame T be gins to rise.
  • the combination with a slidingrotatable type-sleeve, of a series of stops for limiting its longitudinal movement, a series of key-levers, and connecting mechanism for both rotating and sliding said type-sleeve by the movementof one and the same key-lever, substantially as specified.
  • lever u vibrating lever K, said hubs v having grooves '0 and plug 1;, substantially as specified.

Description

(N0 Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 1.
s. J. SEIPR I ED. TYPE WRITING MACHINE.
No. 411,066. Patented Sept. 1'7, 1889.
' Zzb" Jifa 2-71 749,
(No Model.) 5 sneets'-sheet a.
s. J. SEIPRIED. TYPE WRITING MACHINE.
No. 411,066. Patented Sept. 17, 1 889.
I jawzizezfjez' 71607 N PETERS. Pl'olo-Llmngnpher, Washinglon. D.C.
(No Model.) 5Sheets-'Sheet 4. S. J. SEIFRIED. TYPE WRITING MACHINE.
No. 411,066. Patented Sept-17, 1889.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 5.
SJ. SEIFRIED. .IYPE WRITING MAGHINIB.
No. 411,066. Patented se fi. 17, 1889.
in z
N. PETER, Fhnha-Lilhngmphen Wuhm wn, D. c.
UNITED- STATES PATENT. OFFICE.
SAMUELJ. SEIFRIED, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGrNOR OF TlVO-TIIIRDS TO FRED WV. MUNSON, OF LOGANSPORT, INDIANA, AND LOUIS L. MUNSON,
OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
TYPE-WRITING MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 411,066, dated September 1'7, 1889.
Application filed August 22, 1888.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, SAMUEL J. SEIFRIED, a citizen of the United States, residing in Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illi- 5 nois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Type-VVriting Machines, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to thatclass of type: writers wherein a rotatable sliding typesleeve, cylinder, or parallelopipedon is employed.
The object of my invention is to provide a type-Writer of an efficient, cheap, simple, and durable construction, capable of easy and l 5 rapid operation, and whereby the Writing or printing may be done in perfect alignment.
In my invention I endeavor to bring each and all the different type or characters on the type-sleeve into position for printing by the least practicable movement of the typesleeve in each case, to the end'that the different characters may be printed in as quick and rapid succession as possible, and also to diminish as far as possible the momentum of the type-sleeve. The type-sleeve reciprocates parallel to the line of printing in either direction from its normal position. This reciproeating movement operates to bring each and all the separate type or characters on the typesleeve into position longitudinally in front of the impression-hammer. The rotary movement of the type-sleeve serves to bring each of the separate type or characters on the type-sleeve into position radially in front of the impression-hammer. The radial and longitudinal movements of the type-sleeve take place simultaneously, so that the resultant or actual movement of the individual type from its normal posit-ion to its printing position 4.0 takes place in a spiral line. The rotary motion of the type-sleeve may preferably'be imparted to it continuously in one direction to bring its several faces into position radially for printing, though it may, if desired, be turned in both directions radially from its normal position. The type-sleeve is preferably a parallelopipedon of nine faces or sides, each face being furnished With ten separate type or characters in a straight line, thus Serial No- Z83Af57- (Nomodel-l giving ninety separate type or "characters upon the sleeve. The twenty-six lower-case characters, the comma, period, interrogationpoint, and hyphen are arranged on the first three rows or faces of the type-sleeve. The capital letters occupy the next three rows or faces of the type-sleeve, and Arabic numerals and other characters occupy the remaining three faces of the type-sleeve.
The machine has thirty keys and-key-levers. The key-levers are all arranged parallel to each other and in the same horizontal plane, and they have a common pivot or fulcrum. The keys are arranged in three separate rows. All the keys of one row operate to slide the type-sleeve Without rotating it. The keys of the next row operate both to turn the type-sleeve and to slide it, and the keys of the third row operate to turn still another face of the type-Wheel into radial position for printing, and also to slide it longitudinally. If the second two rows of keys operate to turn the type-sleeve in the same direction, the first of such rows will turnthe sleeve one-ninth of a revolution and the other tWo-ninths of a revolution. 7 The keys or keylevers are arranged in sets of threes, one key of each set being in each of the three rows of keys, so that a single stop device to limit the longitudinal movement of the type-sleeve may be employed for each set of three key-levers. The stop devices which I employ are therefore only ten in number, and they consist of sliding pins arranged in the same vertical plane and adapted to be projected up in the path of the sliding type-sleeve or of the shuttle or frame on which the type-sleeve is carried. Motion is communicated to these vertically-sliding stop-pins from any one of the key-levers of any set by means of bent leversten in number, or one for each stop-pin. One end of each of these bent levers spans the space of three key-levers, so that any one of the key-levers of such set of three will operate the stop-pin. Reciprocating or longitudinal motion to the required extent is communicated to the type-sleeve from each of these stop-pins by a pair of bent levers, the horizontal arm of the bent lever being engaged by shoulders or projections on the verticallysliding stop-pins, the same engaging or striking against said short arm at diiferent distances from its pivot or fulcrum. The stop pins are arranged in two setsfive on each side. Five of the stop-pins operate through one bent lever to reciprocate the sleeve in one direction, while the five other stop-pins opcrate through the other bent lever to reciprocate the type-sleeve in the opposite direction. The type-sleeve is returned after each movement to its normal or middle position by a spring which operates agz'iinst both the bent levers. The upper ends or arms of each of the bent levers is furnished with a fork that engages a pin on the typesleeve carriage. The necessary one-ninth rotary movement of the type-sleeve is imparted thereto by each keylever of the second row of keys through the medium of a bent lever and suitable connecting devices which operate to turn the shaft on which the type'sleeve slides. Each of the key-levers of this second row of keys is furnished with a projection which strikes against the bent lever. In like manner the key-levers of the third row of keys operate to turn the type-sleeve shaft two-ninths of a revolution. The type-sleeve is turned one-third of a revolution by aset-key and lever to bring the rows of upper-case characters into position for operation, and it is turned two-thirds of a revolution by a similar set-key and lever to bring the numeral characters, 850., into the field of operation. When the machine is adjusted by depressing one of the set-key lovers to bring the caps or the figure-characters into the field of operation, the key-levers operate in the same manner, as before described, both to slide and to rotate the type-sleeve.
My invention consists in the novel devices and novel combinations of parts and devices herein shown and described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings,\vhich form a part of this specification, and in which similar letters of reference indicate like parts, Figure l is a plan view of a machine embody ing my invent-ion. Fig. 2 is an end view. Fig. i is a vertical section taken on line 2') 3 of Fig. 2, the ink-ribbon rollers and some of the other parts being removed, so as to show the stoppins and mechanism forolieratingthe sliding sleeve. Fig. 1- is a vertical longitudinal section taken on line i of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the keys and keylevers, looking down from line 5 5 of Fig. 3. Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view showing only three of the key-levers and their connections to more clearly illustrate the operation. Fig. '7 is a detail end view of the paper-holder roll and frame. Figs. 8, S), and 10 are detail end views of the paper-holder roll and clamp, showing the same in different positions. Fig. 11 is a section of the papenroll. Fig. 12 is a detail view showing the set keys and levers for setting or adjusting the type-sleeve shaft in position for the caps and figures. Figs. 13
and 14 are detail. views showing the key-lever operating devices for turning the typewheel. shaft. Figs. 15 and 16 are detail views of the spacing device for moving the paperroll carriage longitudinally the space of one letter.
In said drawings, A represents the frame of the machine,which maybe of any suitable construction adapted to give support and bearing to the various mo able parts or devices of the machine. The frame preferably consists of a rectangular box-shaped portion A, having vertical sides, and a stepped front A, for the keyshanks to pass through. This portion of: the frame has interiorly-projecting horizontal ledges or brackets (1, upon which the key-lever frame A is secured by suitable screws or bolts.
The kcy-lever frame A is provided. with vertical angle-plates or brackets (1., to which the pivot bar or pin Z) of the key-levers l is secured. All the key-lcvers l3 extendv in the same horizontal plane, and have the same fulcrum or pivot pin Z).
The key-levers consist of flat steel bars arranged parallel to each other and separated from each other by short sleeves or washers I) on the pivot-pin b.
The keys B are arranged in three ranks or rows, as indicated at Fig. l in the drawings, and the keys are connected to the key-levers by the key-shanks 13 the lower ends of the key-shanks being pivoted to the key-levers. The key-shanks B extend through suitable holes in the key-board or step portion A of the frame.
The three keys B of each set of three contiguous key-levers are found one in each of the three rows or ranks of keys in the keyboard.
(l is the sliding rotatable type-sleeve, preferably about an inch in length and about onehalf inch in diameter. This type-sleeve preferably has nine faces c or lines of type, the separate type or characters c being arranged in straight lines, extending from one end of the sleeve to the other.
The type-sleeve O is mounted to reciprocate or slide upon a revoluble shaft 0, which is journaled in suitable bearings a" on the top eross-barA of the frame. The bearings u. may be of any suitable construction; but I preferably employ ordinary screw point bearings, as indicated in the drawings, as the screws a ailord a ready and easy means of adjusting the shaft longitiulinally.
The type-wheel shaft 0' is preferably sq uare in cross-section It, however, may be given any desired cross section or shape which is adapted to permit the type-sleeve (J to slide thereon and prevent the sleeve from revolving thereon.
For convenience in communicating the necessary longitudinal reciprocating or sliding movements to the type-sleeve, I provide the same with a reciprocating carriage, shuttle, or slide C This slide or shuttle C has perforated ears 0 through which the shaft 0 passes, and which fitragainst each end of the type-sleeve, so that whatever movement is given the slide will be imparted to the typesleeve. Thistype-sleeve shuttle or slide 0 is also furnished with shoulders 0 0 which abut against the vertically-sliding stop-pins D. It is further provided with horizontallyprojecting pins 0 which engage the forked ends f of the bent levers F F. t
The type-sleeve slide C is further provided with a horizontally-projecting guide-pin 0 that works in the horizontally-slotted guide E, which is fixed rigidly to the frame-bar A The vertioally-sliding stop-pins D are all arranged in the same vertical plane, five on each side of the median line of the machine, there being ten of these stop-pins in all, or one for each longitudinal division or set of three type-keys and levers. It should here be understood that there are ten type or characters O in each of the nine faces of the type-sleeve. The distance between the consecutive stop-pins D is equal to the space between the types or characters 0 c longitudinally on the type-sleeve. The stop-pins D extend up through guide-holes in the horizontal portion 8 of the guide-plate E. These guide-holes are all arranged in a straight line.
The stop-pins D are preferably made of round steel wire, and are each provided with a horizontally-proj ecting pin or shoulder d to engage and operate thebent levers F F. When the stop-pins D are all in their normal position,the shoulders or projections dthereon all stand in the same horizontal plane or line.
The type-sleeve-operating levers F F are pivoted by pins f to suitable projections e on the vertical depending portion of the guide-plate E, and this depending portion of the guide-plate ,E is furnished with vertical guide-slots 6 through which the pins d on the stop-pins D project, in order to afford suitable guides'for the sliding pins D.
The levers F F are pivoted one on each side of the center line of the machine, and their horizontal arms f f project over the shoulders d of the stop-pins D. In this way it will be observed that the stop-pin D on each sidewhich is farthest from the normal or middle position of the type-sleeve is nearest the pivot or fulcrum of the lever F or F, so that this extreme stop-pin will impart the greatest movement to the bent lever F or F and to the type-sleeve actuated thereby; and in like manner the two inner stop-pins which are nearest the central position of the typesleeve are farthest from the fulcrum of the operatinglevers F or F, so that the movement of .these inner stop-pins communicates a correspondingly less movement to the typetype-sleeve longitudinally into position for printingthat is to say, in front of the impression-hammer G.
The ten stop-pins D are operated each by their appropriate set of three type-levers B by a series of bent levers H. The bent levers or rock-shafts H are ten in numberone for each stop-pinD. One arm h of each lever H is furnished with a suitable hole, in which fits the shouldered end d of the stoppin D. The other arm lb of each bent lever or rock-shaft H is furnished witha pin or broad foot 7L2, adapted to span the set of three contiguous type-levers B, by which or either of which it is operated. The pivots of these levers are journaled in the brackets a on the key-lever frame A The inner prongs f of the forks f on the upper ends of the levers F F are made short enough so that the pins 0 on the type-sleeve shuttle will pass over such inner short prong when the levers F F occupy their normal position, while at the same time these short prongs of the fork are long enough to engage said pins 0 0 when the lever F or F is raised sufficiently to overcome the lost motion. This permits the pins 0 at one end of the type-sleeve carriage C to pass over the short prong f of the fork f of the sleeve F, which is not being operated and which remains in its normal position, while at the same time the pin 0 at the opposite end of the sleevecarriage C will be engaged by the short prong f of the fork f of the other lever F as said lever is being raised. The space between the two prongs of the fork f give sufficient lost motion to allow the short prong of the fork to rise into the path of the pin before it passes under the pin.
The reciprocating type-sleeve O or its carriage O is returned to its middle or normal position after each impression by a springactuated arm or lever K, pivoted at it to the frame of the machine and provided with a T-shapedor forked end 7c, which rests upon or strikes against the horizontal arm f of the levers F F. The spring K, which actuates the lever K, is attached to the key-lever frame. This spring-lever is further provided with a foot or projecting blade or bar K which rests against the horizontal or upper arms h of the bent levers or rock-shafts H, and thus serves to actuate the lever K from these levers H at each impulse of any of the key-levers B. To communicate its one-ninth or two-ninths rotary movement to the type-sleeve, its shaft 0 is furnished with a three toothed or sided gear or cam wheel a ordinary lanternpinion consisting of two disks with three pins extending between them, the pins being located equidistant apart radially, as is clearly shown in Figs. 1, 3, 6, 13, and 14. This three-toothed gear 0 is engaged by the vertically-sliding pins M M. The type-sleeve-turning pin M is actuated by the key-levers whose keys are in the second rank or row on the key-board, and it operates to This gear 0 may be an lOO turn the type-sleeve one-ninth of a revolu tion, and thus bring the second row or face of the type on the type-sleeve radially in position for printing. The typesleeve-rotating pin M is actuated by the type-levers of the third or last row of keys, and it operates to turn the type-sleeve two-ninths of a revolution, and thus bring the third row or face of type on the type-sleeve radially into position for printing. To thus turn the type-wheel shaft it will be observed that the sliding pins M M only engage one of the three pins of the lantern-gear 0 The other two pins of the lantern-gear are in like manner operated upon by the type-sleeveturning pins M M when the type-sleeve has been first turned one-third of a revolution to bring the caps into the field of operation, or two-thirds of a revolution to bring the Arabic numerals, the, into the field of operation by the cap and numeral set-key levers, as will be hereinafter described.
The type-slccve-turning sliding pin M is operated by a bent lever or rock-shaft N, one arm n of which is furnished with a hole at its end, in which fits the shouldered end on of the sliding pin M. The other arm a of this bent lover or rock-shaft N is furnished with a cross-bar or foot n spanning all the keylevers B. Each successive third key-lever B is provided with an upwardly projecting shoulder 5 which engages the cross-bar or foot n of the bent lever or rock-shaft N. The height of the projection D on these key-levers 13 above the general surface of the other key-levers is such as to permit such other key-levers to be raised to their full extent without striking or operating the bent lever N. In this way it will be seen that each third key-lever 13, having the projection 71", and whose keys are in the second row or rank on the key-board, would operate the bent lever N, and, through the sliding pin M and three-toothed gear a, turn the type sleeve one-ninth of a revolution and bring its corresponding face into position for printing. In like manner the type-sleeve-turning pin M is operated by projections Z1 on the keylevers 1 whose keys are in the third or last row on the key-board. The projections Z1 on the k eylevers of this third rank of keys impinge against a bent lever 0, having a horizontal upper arm 0, in the end of which fits the shouldered end in of the pin M. The other arm 0 of this bent lever or roekshaft O is furnished with a cross-bar or foot 0 which spans all the key-levers, and is engaged by said projections Zr on each third key-lever.
The type-sleeve is turned one-third or twothirds of a revolution to set it into position for printing caps or figures by means of a loose gear on the shaft 0. This gear c is loose on the type-sleeve shaft C, so that the type-sleeve shaft may be readily turned oneninth or two-ninths of a revolution by the lantern-gear c when actuated by the key-levers ll in the ordinary operation. The loose gear 0 has a projection c on its side, which is engaged by a radial pin 1;, secured. to the type-wheel shaft 0, so that the type-wheel shaft may be turned by the revolution of the loose gear c The gear c is rotated by a sliding rack 1, having a projecting step or ledge 1, which is engaged by the cap set key-lever l. and also by the numeral set key-lever I. The numeral set key-lever I is adapted to give the rack P twice the movement that is given it by the cap set key-lever 1, the one turning the shaft 0 two-thirds of a revolu tion,while the other turns it but one-third of a revolution. The set key-levers P and 1 both have a common pivot or fulcrum which secured to a bracket (0 on the frame. The shanks p of the set key-levers 1 P are pivoted to said levers and each furnished with notches 11 which are adapted to engage the metal plate A of the key-board, and thus hold the set key levers permanently depressed. This is sometimes a convenience, espeeiall y where a number of capital letters or figures are to be struck consecutively. A slight lateral pressure or movement on the shank ])2 will engage or disengage this holdin g-notch mm in the key-board. \\here only a few caps or figures are to be struck or printed consecutively, the cap or figure set key-lever may be held depressed by the linger of one hand, while the keys B are struck with the fingers of the other hand.
1" l" are the keys of the cap and numeral set key-levers, respectively.
The type-sleeve shaft 0 is returned to its normal posi ion radially after each impulse by a spring c This spring may operate directly or indirectly upon. the type-sleeve shaft. If it is arranged to operate directly without any intermediate devices, it may preferably be a spiral spring, as shown in the drawings, and inclosed within a suitable barrel or case 0, surrounding the shaft C.
The impression-hammer G is secured to a rock-shaft or bent lever g, which. is pivotally mounted in suitable bearings on the braekets a, which project up from. the key-lever frameA at each side. The bent levers N and O are pivoted to the same brackets a.
The rock-shaft g, which actuates the impressioil-hammer, is furnished with an arm g, having a foot or crossbar which spans or extends across all the key-levers at the rear. ends thereof, so that as the key-levers are moved through thelastportion of their throw they will strike against the hammer G and impart the necessary impulse thereto.
The frame A is provided. with a ledge a" at its rear end for therear ends of the key-levers B to rest upon, and thus keep them all in their normal position. To return the keylevers 13 to place, their rear ends are furnished with weights U. The hammer G is thus operated by each movement of each key-lever, but the impulse is not given to the hammer until after the first ll'lOVOlllOlll) of the key-lever, through the connecting mechanism before described, brin the appropriate type upon the guide'loar A or character on the type-sleeve into position for printing in front of the hammer G. The shape of the hammer is such, as indicated in the drawings, in relation to its fulcrum or pivot and to the position of the type-sleeve that the hammer returns to place by its own gravity. The hammer is also so mounted, as shown, as to require a sharp or staccato blow on the key-lever to strike a blow against the type-sleeve. It may, however, be so adjusted or mounted as to strike a slow or pressure blow. Better work, however, will ordinarily be done when the hammer is so mounted and adjusted as to require a sharp blow on the key-lever.
q is a stop or rest to support the hammer in position. It is attached to the frame A and is or should be furnished with a cushion G to prevent noise.
R is the paper holder slide or carriage, mounted to reciprocate back and forth on suitable guide rods or ways A A which are attached to suitable brackets 00" a secured to the frame of the machine. The rear framebar R of this paper-holder carriage is furnished with a guide lip or pin 7', that fits under the guide-bar A and with a stud r, furnished with a friction-roller N, that rides The frame A is furnished with a spring barrel or drum Q, around which a cord or line q is wound, the same being attached at one end to the stud r, so as to pull the paper-holder carriage across the machine.
The paper-holder carriage R is furnished at its front side with a rack-bar R extending entirely across said carriage. The teeth of this rack R are the space of one letter or character apart, and the paper-holder carriage is moved the distance of onetooth at each movement of any of the key-levers B. This movement of the paper-holder carriage is effected by the spring barrel or drum Q, and the pawl-like acting gears 76 k, which are journaled on a pin or stud k on the lever K.
The upper gear k is connected to the lower gear 10 by a spiral spring which tends to turn the gear 70 on the gear 70 the distance of one tooth, or so far as the slot 15 in the gear k, in which the pin k fits, will permit. The lower gear is held from revolving in the wrong direction by the pawl 7c and its spring 7a The upper gear'lt is normally in engage- I ment with the teeth of the rack R and as the gears k 70 are connected together by the pin 70 on the gear 7& fitting in the slot 70 of the gear 79 the pawl 70" will prevent the springbarrel Q from moving the carriage R. The moment, however, the lever K is raised by one of the key-levers B (through the connecting mechanism before described) the gear 10* will be raised above and free from the rack R and then the spring It will turn the gear 76 backward the distance of one tooth, so that when the lever K again descends and the gear 70 again engages the rack R the gear 70* will turn forward one tooth, and thus perto hold the clamp S open.
being. pulled back, the gears k k simply rotate on their shaft like ordinary gears and permit the carriage and its rack to slide back freely. The pawl-like acting gears k 15 also, as they rotate continuously, are not subject to get out of order by wear like ordinary pawls.
The paper-holding roller S is journaled in suitable bearings s on the paper-carriage R.
The paper-roller S is provided with a hinged J clamp S for clamping and holding the front edge of the paper. This clamp S is provided with an interior shoulder s for the end of the paper to rest against, and thus insure the winding of the sheet squarely on the roller. The clamp S when closed completes the circle of the roller. It is hinged at s to the roller, and is furnished with an internal spring .9
that serves to hold the clamp closed against the roller.
The roller S is revolved by a thumb-wheel S the sleeve of which fits over or around the shaft S of the paper-roller S. The sleeve of this thumb-wheel S is furnished with a crankarm 5 to which is pivoted a link 5 The link 8 has a slot 3 in which fits a pin or projection s on the clamp S. The sleeve of the thumb-wheel S is thus so connected to the clamp S that when the sleeve is turned in the direction to wind up the sheet of paper on the paper-roller the link 5 will tend to holdthe clamp S closed. WVhen the thumb wheel, however, is turned in the opposite direction, the slotted link 5 will open the clamp S.
A fiat spring 8 secured to the paper-carriage frame R and having a slot 5 through which the end of the link 5 may project, serves to hold the paper-roller in proper position for the insertion of the sheet of paper, and also The paper-frame R is furnished with a curved spring-shield T of sheet metal, to give friction to the paper-roller S, and prevent its turning.
The papercarriage frame R is furnished with a hinged paper-feed frame T, which is provided with a hinged paper-clamp lever T. The feed-frame T is pivoted at t to the carriage R, and it is provided with studs t,that rest in the sockets t on the frame R, in order to hold the pivoted feed-frame in position. An adj usting-screw t mounted on the bracket t, limits the movement of the feed-frame T.
By simply turning this adj usting-screw t the lines may be printed any desired distance apart on the paper. The clamp-lever T is preferably provided with a rubber-covered rod or bar i at its lower end, which operates to clamp the paper against the flat bar t of the feed-frame T. The pivot-bar of the clamp-lever T is furnished with a flat blade i for the free end of the sheet of paper to rest upon.
The feed-frame Tis furnished with an elastic ribbon T preferably of rubber, which acts as a platen for the hammer G- to strike against. This rubber band serves to cushion the blow of the hammer against the typesleeve 0.
V and V are the spools upon which the inking tape or ribbon 'v is wound. The inking-ribbon 1' passes around the guide-pulleys t" 1", and extends in a vertical plane between the type-sleeve O and the sheet of paper or the rubber platen T". The ribbon-spools V V iit on the hubs r of the toothed or ratchet wheels 1;. The ratchet-wheels 1' are journaled on vertical studs 11 on the frame of the machine. The hub r of each of the ratchet-wheels o is furnished with a groove 1 in which a plug or pin 1." may be inserted to lix either of the spools rigidly to the hub. A spring frictionclamp n is secured by a nut n to one of the studs 2: in order to give the requisite tension to the inking-ribbon. The ratchet-wheels v" are constantly revolved in opposite directions by springqiawls U U, which are pivoted to a forked lever 11, which is pivoted at u to a bracket a secured to the frame, and which lever is connected to and operated by the lever K. \Vhen the pin or plug r is inserted in one of the spools, such spool will of course revolve with its ratchet-wheel, and the inkingribbon will then slowly wind onto this spool and wind off of the other one, which revolves freely on the hub of its ratchet-wheel. \Vhen the inking-ribbon by thus winding is transferred entirely to the one spool, by simply pulling out the plug r and inserting it in the other spool this other spool will then, of course, revolve with its ratchet-wheel, and thus reverse the movement of the ribbon and wind it upon the other spool.
Y is the spacing-key. Its shank y is pivoted to the spacing-lever 1 ,which is fulcrumcd upon a stud 7 projecting from the side of the frame A. This spacingdevcr 3 has a projection 1 which impinges against the short arm 1 of the lever K, whereby the spacenlcver K is operated independently of the keylevers B. This spacer-lever y has a weight 2f upon its end to return it to place. I usually employ an inkingq'ibbon of. several feetpreferably twenty or thirty feet in len gth-an d as the ratchet-wheels are finely toothed and turn only the space of one tooth at each stroke of the key-lever the plug r requires to be shifted from the one spool to the other but infrequently.
\Yhile I have shown and described my invention as provided with a type-sleeve having nine faces and the type -ke vs arranged in three rows or ranks, it will of course be understood that my invention is not confined to the use of a type-sleeve having any particular number of faces, nor to the arrangement of the type-levers in sets or groups of threes. Other multiples than three may be employed without departing from the principle of my invention. If the type-sleeve, for example, were provided with sixteen faces, the key-lcvers would be arranged in groups or multiples of four.
The miper-carriage R is provided with a spring T, which bears against the hinged paper-feed frame T, and serves to hold the same closed, so that the clamp-levers T will. grip the paper before the paper-feed frame T be gins to rise.
I claim- 1. 'lhc'combination, with a rotatable sliding type-sleeve, of a series of stop devices for limiting the longitudinal movement of said iypesleeve and a multiple number or set of two or more key-levers for actuating each of said stop devices, substantially as specified.
2. The combination, with a series of key-levers arranged in sets of two or more in. each set, of a series of levers ll-one for each set of typc-leversa series of stop devices I), a longitudinal!ysliding type-sleeve G, and mechanism for connecting said stop devices I) with said type-sleeve, substantially as specified.
The combination of rotatable longitudinally-sliding type-sleeve C, rotatable shaft C, upon which said type -sleeve reciprocates, type-sleeve frame or shuttle stoppins D, bent levers F F, a series of bent levers llene for each stop-pinand a series of key-levers l3, arranged in sets with two or more in each set adapted to operate a single bent lever ll, substantially as specified.
i. The combination of rotatable longitudinally-s1iding type-sleeve 0, its shaft 0, and carriage or shuttle 0 having pins 0 c, and forked levers F F, for reciprocating said sleeve in either direction, substantially as specified.
5. The combination, with rotatable horizontally-sliding type'sleeve (7, its shaft 0, and carriage (1 of bent lovers 1 F and a series of vertically-sliding stop-pins 1), adapted to engage said carriage (J and limit its movement, and provided with shoulders or projections (Z to engage and operate said bent lovers 1* F, substantially as specified.
6. The combination, with a rotatable sliding type-sleeve having type arranged in longitudinal rows or lines thereon, of a series of sliding stop-pins I), for limiting the longitudinal movement of said type-sleeve, a series of key-levers, and connectingmechanism for sliding said typeslecve to bring the separate type longitudinally into position for printing and actuating said stop-pins by the movement of said key-levers, substantially as specified.
'7. The combination, with a reciprocating IIO type-sleeve, of a series of stop-pins D to limit the longitudinal movement of said sleeve and connecting mechanismfor operating said typesleeve from said stop-pins, substantially as specified.
8. The combination, with a series of stoppins D, having pins or projections d, of the bent levers F F, having arms f extending over said projections d, and a sliding typecarriage connected with and operated by said bent levers F F, substantially as specified.
9. The combination,with a series of stop-pins D, having pins or projections d, of the bent levers F F, having arms f extending over said projections d, and a sliding type-carriage connected with and operated by said bent levers F F, said type-carriage being provided with shoulders adapted to engage said stoppins, and thereby limit the movement of the type-carriage, substantially as specified.-
10. The combination, with type-carriage or shuttle C having pins or projections 0 of forked bent levers F F, pivoted on opposite sides of the normal position of said typecarriage, whereby the type-carriage can be moved in either direction, substantially as specified.
11. The combination, with a reciprocating type-carriage 0 having pins 0 of bent levers F F, having forked upper ends f and horizorb tal arms f the inner prongs f of said forks f being shorter than the outer ones, and vertically-sliding pins D, having shoulders d, for operating said bent levers, substantially as specified.
12. The combination, with a rotatable shaft 0, mounted in fixed bearings, of a type-sleeve C, reciprocating thereon and having two or more faces or lines of types, a series of keylevers arranged in transverse rows or ranks and in sets of two or more keys. in a set, a single connecting mechanism for each set of key-levers to reciprocate the type-sleeve, and an impression-hammer G, operated by said key-levers and adapted to strike said typesleeve, substantially as specified.
13. The combination, with a rotatable sliding type-sleeve having two or more faces or lines of types, of a series of key-levers arranged in transverse rows or ranks in sets of two or more keys in a set,a single connecting mechanism for each set of key-levers to reciprocate said type-sleeve, and an impressionhammer G, operated by said key-levers, substantially as specified.
14. The combination, with a rotatable shaft 0, journaled in fixed bearings on the frame of the machine, of a type-sleeve O, reciprocating thereon and having two or more faces or lines of types, a series of key-levers arranged in transverse rows or ranks and in sets of two or more keys in a set, a single connecting mechanism for each set of keylevers to reciprocate the type-sleeve, a single type-sleeve-rotatin g mechanism for each rank or row of keys, and an impression-hammer G, operated by said key-levers and adapted to strike said type-sleeve, substantially as specified.
15. The combination, with a rotatable sliding type-sleeve having two or more faces or lines of type, of a series of key-levers arranged in transverse rows or ranks and in sets of two or more keys in a set,a single connecting mechanism for each set of key-levers to reciprocate the type-sleeve, and a single type-sleeve-rotating mechanism for each rank or row of keys, substantially as specified.
16. The combination, with a rotatable sliding type-sleeve, of a series of keys arranged in transverse rows or ranks and in sets, a series of corresponding key-levers, a common mechanism for communicating longitudinal reciprocating movement to said type-sleeve from each set of key-levers, and a common mechanism for communicating a rotary movement to said type-sleeve from each row or rank of keys excepting one, substantially as specified.
17. The combination, with a rotatable typesleeve 0, its shaft 0, and carriage or shuttle C of a three-toothed gear 0, secured to said shaft 0, the shaft-turning device M, and a bent lever N, having an arm extending over an alternating series of key-levers l3, substantially as specified.
18. The combination, with a rotatable typesleeve G, its shaft 0, and carriage or shuttle C of a three-toothed gear 0 secured to said shaft 0, shaftturning device M, and a bent lever N, having an arm extending over alternating series of key-levers B, said series of key-levers B having projections 12 adapted to engage the cross-bar of said lever N, substantially as specified.
19. The combination of rotatable sliding type-slee e 0, its shaft 0', and carriage or shuttle G with bent levers F F, verticallysliding stop-pins D, bent levers H, key-levers B, arranged in sets, each set of key-levers operating one of said bent levers I*I, bent lever N, an alternatingseries of said ke'ylevers B,
having projections b engaging said lever N, type-sleeve-turning device M, and gear a on said shaft 0, substantially as specified.
20. The combination of rotatable sliding type-sleeve 0, its shaft 0, and carriage or shuttle G with bent levers F F, verticallysliding stop-pins D, bent levers H, key-levers 13, arranged in sets, each set of key-levers operating one of said bent levers H, bent lever N, an alternating series of said key-levers B, having projections b engaging said lever N, type-sleeve-turning device M, and gear 0 on said shaft 0, bent lever 0, an alternating series of said key-levers B being provided with projections 11 to engage said lever O, and a type-sleeve-turning device M, operated by said lever O, substantially as specified.
21. The combination, with the rotatable sliding type-sleeve and its shaft 0, furnished With three-toothed gear or cam c, of the keylevers and connect-ing mechanism engaging said three-toothed gear for turning the typesleeve shaft, and a set-key lever and connectmg mechanism for rotating the type-sleeve shaft to bring another series of the typesleeve faces into operation, substantially as specified. t
22. The combination, with rotatable slidmg type-sleeve (J and its shaft 0, furnished with gear c", of the kcyJevers and connecting mechanism engaging said gear 0 for turnin; the typesleeve shaft, and a loose gear on said shaft for setting oradjusting the radial position of the shaft and allowing the shaft to rotate freely when operated by the keylevers, substantially as specified.
2 3. The combination, with rotatable sliding type-sleeve C and its shaft 0, furnished with gear 0, of the key-levers and connccting mechanism engaging said gear for turnmg the type-sleeve shaft, and a loose gear e on said shaft- (1, for setting or adjusting the radial position of the shaft and allowing the shaftto rotate freely when operated by the key-levers, and a sliding rack for revolving said gear 0 subst-mtially as specified.
2%. The combination, with rotatable sliding typc-sleeve (l and its shaft 0, furnished with gear 0, of the keylevers and connecting mechanism engaging said gear 0 for turning the typeslceve shaft, and a loose gear a on said shaft 0', for setting or adjusting the radial position of the shaft and allowing the shaft to rotate freely when operated by the key-levers, and .a sliding rack for revolv- 1ng said gear 0 and two set-key levers P P for giving different movements to said rack, substantially as specified.
25. The combination, with a sliding rotatable type-sleeve, its shaft, the key-levers, and. mechanism for operating said sleeve from the key-levers, of a loose gear 0 for adjusting the radial position of the type-sleeve shaft, a slidmg rack P, set-key lever P, its shank p furnlshed with notch 1) to engage the key-board and hold the set-key lever in position, substantially as specified.
26. The combination, with a sliding rotatable type-sleeve, its shaft, the key-levers, and mechanism for operating said sleeve from the key-levcrs,of a loose gear c on said shaft 0, sliding rack 1, having projection 13, and setkey levers P and P engaging said proj cction p, substantially as specified.
27. The combination, with a sliding rotatable type-sleeve, its shaft, the key-levers, and mechanism for operating said sleeve from the key-levers, of a loose gear 0 on said shaft 0, said gear 0 having a projection e and said type-sleeve shaft having a pin or projection c", substantially as specified.
28. The combination, with sliding rotatable type-sleeve G, shaft C,and shuttle C of vertically-sliding stop-pins D, having pins or projections (Z, pivoted bent levers F l ",operated by said stop-pins and connected to said shuttle, and spring-lever K, having a forked or T-shaped end adapted to bear against both said. bent levers, substantially as specified.
25). The comlgiination, with sliding rotatable type-sleeve U, shaft (1, and shuttle (1 ofvertically-sliding stop-pins I), having pins or projections (7, pivoted bent levers I F, operated by said stop-pins and connected to said shuttle, and spring-lever K, having a forked or T-shaped end adapted to bear against both said bent levers, and operating'levers ll, having horizontal arms 7;,said lever K being providcd with a foot K adapted to be operated by horizontal. arms 71 of said levers ll, substantially as specified.
The combination,with the paper-holder carriage ll, having rack it, of the verticallyvibrating lever