US405600A - Child's carriage - Google Patents

Child's carriage Download PDF

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Publication number
US405600A
US405600A US405600DD US405600A US 405600 A US405600 A US 405600A US 405600D D US405600D D US 405600DD US 405600 A US405600 A US 405600A
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United States
Prior art keywords
carriage
lever
tray
child
studs
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Expired - Lifetime
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William Richardson
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MELONEY HENRY
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MELONEY HENRY
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Priority to US405600D priority Critical patent/US405600A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B9/00Accessories or details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B9/00Accessories or details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators
    • B62B9/08Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
    • B62B9/085Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement hand operated

Description

(No Model.) 2 sheets-sheet 1. W. H. RICHARDSON.
GHILDS CARRIAGE. 100.405.600. 'Patented June 18, 1880.
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
, W. I-I. RICHARDSON.
GHILD'S CARRIAGE.
No. 405,600. Patented June 18, 1889.
Wl T' NEVI-EEE l INVENT- EFL- NITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.
VILLIAM H. RICHARDSON, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, ASSIGNOR OF TWO- THIRDSTO .IOIIN M. MCCLINTOOK AND HENRY T. IWIELONEY, OF SAME PLACE.
CHILDS CARRIAGE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 405,600, dated June 18, 1889..
Application filed December 27, 1888. Serial No. 294,788. (No model.)
T0 all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, WILLIAM I1. RICHARD- SON, of the city of Baltimore and State of Maryland7 have invented certain Improvements in Childrens Oarriages, of which the following' is a specification.
This invention relates to certain improvements in that class of ehildrens carriages in which the body is reversible in position with reference to the running-gear; and it consists in certain improvements in the invention described in my application dated November 12, 1888, and bearing the Serial No. 290,547, as will herein-after fully appear.
In the invention described in the said ap plication the body of the carriage, when elevated, may be rotated or turned entirely around on its axial king-bolt, and it is possible that in the hands of a careless and incompetent nurse the rotation of the body could be indulged in to such an extent as to prove detrimental to the child.
The object of the present invention is therefore to prevent the complete rotation of the body by providing some part of the moving Inechanism with a stop, as hereinafter described.
In the further description of the said invention which follows reference is made to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof, and in which- Figure 1 is an exterior side view of the improved carriage, and Fig, 2 a sectional side view of the same. Fig. 3 is a cross-section of Fig. 1, taken on the dotted line .t Figs. 4 and 5 are enlarged details of certain parts of of the invention.
Similar letters of reference indicate similar parts in all the figures.
In the said drawings, A is the body of the carriage, which is represented as formed of wicker-work with a solid bottom. The body A is seated on a tray B, supported by the springs a from the side bars C, to which the axles b are attached.
D is a king-bolt, having a plate c at its upper end secured to the bottom of the body, as shown in Fig. 2. This king-boltpasses loosely through a socket d in the bottom of the tray and is connected at its lower end with the short arm of a lever E. The end of the long arm of the lever E is within convenient reach of the attendant or person pushing the carriage. By means of this lever the body of the carriage may be elevated out of the tray, as shown in Fig. 2, and then turned around, so as to bring either the face or back of the child toward or next to the nurse. The reversed positions ot the body are indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2.
In the drawings, the stand G, which forms the fulcrum of the lever E, is attached to the bottom of the tray; but it is evident that the said lever could be fulcrumed from the side bars C or the axles.
To compensate for the vibra-tion of the lever E as the body is elevated, I fork the end of the lever and round the parts lwhich come in contact with the collars f on the king-bolt.
In the present invention the tray B is only provided with sides to hold the body in place, and the said sides are formed of rods g, supported from the bottom by means of suitable brackets 7L, which are flared outwardly to facilitate the seating of the body.
To limit the movement of the body to a half-revolution, for the purpose described, I secure to the upper collar f the arms k, hav ing the studs n. As the body is brought into either of its proper positions, one of the said studs strikes against the side of the lever E, and further movement in the saine direction is prevented.
rlo allow for the thickness of the lever E, it is necessary to place the studs n at more than ninety degrees apart, or each as far from a diametrical line as half the thickness ofthe part of the lever E with which they come in contact. This arrangement of the studs is shown in Fig. 5, which is an under side view of the upper collar f and its arms and studs.
I do not limit myself to the devices shown for preventing a full revolution of the body of the carriage when it is elevated above the raised edges of the tray, as it is evident that other means could be employed for the purpose, my invention extending to a stop which is operative to prevent the rotation of the body when in an elevated position.
I therefore claim as my invent-ion-u IOO 1. In a childs carriage, the body thereof susceptible of a vertical movementfrom its foundation, and a rotative motion when in an elevated position, combined with a stop to limit the said rotative motion to less than a full revolution, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
2. In a childs carriage, a platform or tray supported from the running-gear, abody pivoted to the said tray and adapted for elevation Within the said tray, combined with a stop to limit its rotation or rotative movement, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
3. The bolt D, having the arms 7c, with the studs fn, combined With the elevating-lever E, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
YILLIAM H. RICHARDSON.
l/Vitn esses:
WM. S. HOWARD, JNO. T. MADDoX.
US405600D 1888-12-27 1888-12-27 Child's carriage Expired - Lifetime US405600A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3515432A (en) * 1968-05-14 1970-06-02 Charles F Sporman Vertically and rotationally adjustable seat structure
US20130069327A1 (en) * 2011-09-20 2013-03-21 Don Tran Reversible Carrier

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3515432A (en) * 1968-05-14 1970-06-02 Charles F Sporman Vertically and rotationally adjustable seat structure
US20130069327A1 (en) * 2011-09-20 2013-03-21 Don Tran Reversible Carrier

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