US3923143A - Shuffle feeder capable of single file advancement of articles - Google Patents

Shuffle feeder capable of single file advancement of articles Download PDF

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Publication number
US3923143A
US3923143A US47803474A US3923143A US 3923143 A US3923143 A US 3923143A US 47803474 A US47803474 A US 47803474A US 3923143 A US3923143 A US 3923143A
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articles
members
faces
shuffle
feed
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Chester Green
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MAGNUSON CORP
HANSCOM GENEVIEVE I
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HANSCOM GENEVIEVE I
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Assigned to MAGNUSON ENGINEERS, INC., A CORP. OF CA. reassignment MAGNUSON ENGINEERS, INC., A CORP. OF CA. CONDITIONAL ASSIGNMENT (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: THOMSON, LOIS J; HANSCOM,GENEVIEVE I., TRUSTEES AND HANSCOM, GENEVIEVE (OWNER)
Assigned to MAGNUSON CORPORATION reassignment MAGNUSON CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: MAGNUSON ENGINEERS, INC., A CA CORP.
Assigned to CHEMICAL BANK, A NEW YORK BANKING CORPORATION reassignment CHEMICAL BANK, A NEW YORK BANKING CORPORATION SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MAGNUSON CORPORATION
Assigned to MAGNUSON CORPORATION reassignment MAGNUSON CORPORATION RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CHEMICAL BANK, A NY BANKING CORP.
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N3/00Machines for coring or stoning fruit, characterised by their feeding device
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G25/00Conveyors comprising a cyclically-moving, e.g. reciprocating, carrier or impeller which is disengaged from the load during the return part of its movement
    • B65G25/04Conveyors comprising a cyclically-moving, e.g. reciprocating, carrier or impeller which is disengaged from the load during the return part of its movement the carrier or impeller having identical forward and return paths of movement, e.g. reciprocating conveyors

Abstract

A shuffle feed apparatus provided with aligned wedge-shaped members fixed in rows on the shuffle feed flights so as to advance articles in rows and at a predetermined rate.

Description

United States Patent Green 1 1 Dec. 2, 1975 [5 1 SHUFFLE FEEDER CAPABLE OF SINGLE 1.992.331 2/1935 Smith 198/219 FILE ADVANCEMENT OF ARTICLES 2.728.443 12/1955 Pike. .11. 01211 198/31) 2.792.929 5/1957 Mugnuson et :11. 198/218 Inventor: Chester Green, Sun Jose. Callf- 3.291.173 12/1966 Smith c1111 198/219 3.509.988 5/1970 Smith 198/219 [73] Ass1gnees. Genevleve I. Hanscom, Genevieve 3547249 2/1970 Aguilar ct L 198/2) X Hanscom Robe" Magnum & L015 3.561.582 2/1971 Smith 198/219 x Thomson, Trustees of Roy 3.605.983 9/1971 Oldershaw 198/30 Magnuson Estate, all of San Jose, 3.651.925 3/1972 Green 198 218 Calif., apart interest to each 3.661.240 5 1972 Baumann 198/219 x [22] Filed: June 10, 1974 [21] Appl. No.: 478,034
{52] 11.5. C1 198/30; 198/219 [51] Int. Cl. B656 25/04 [58] Field of Search 198/30, 218, 219
[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1.760369 5/1930 Moe 198/218 Primary Examiner-Richard A. Schacher Assistant ExaminerRichard K. Thomson Attorney. Agent, or FirmGera1d L. Moore ABSTRACT A shuffle feed apparatus provided with aligned wedgeshaped members fixed in rows on the shuffle feed termined rate.
flights so as to advance articles in rows and at a prede- 1 Claim, 6 Drawing Figures US. Patent Dec. 2, 1975 Sheet 1 of2 3,923,143
FIG.2
US. Patent Dec. 2, 1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,923,143
FIG. 3 35B 35C 'type disclosed in US. Pat. 2,792,929 issued May '1 V SHUFFLE FEEDER CAPABLE OF SINGLE-FILE ADVANCEMENT OF ARTICLES CROSS REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This shuffle-feedmechanism relates generally to the 21, 1957 and entitled Shuffle Feed Structure.
It also can be used with a shuffle feed mechanism of the type described in US. Pat. 3,509,988 issued May 5, 1970 and entitled Shuffle FeedMechanism.
. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present inventionrelates to shuffle feed structures for feeding articles such as fruits and vegetables (produce) in a manner-to be aligned in single file order for subsequent processing. In the shuffle feed mechanism such as that disclosed-in U.Sf Pat. 2,792,929 referenced above, the articles are advanced forwardin rows and usually dropped into a carrier such as a V-belt conveyor whichruns normal tothe direction of progress through the shuffle feeder. In such apparatus, however, there is not a close control over the rate or .spacing of the articles being advanced. I v
However, in some instances it is desirable to move the articles in single file order in a forward direction at a predetermined rate for feeding separate lines adapted toreceive the articles. In suchran apparatus, the articles can be advanced in a shuffle feed mechanism of the type disclosed by U.S. Pat. No. 3,509,988, referenced .above. The advancing faces of the flights are cut away or beveled for aligning the produce in rows as well as for other purposessuch as breaking up peach halves which cling together, etc.
It is the primary object of this invention to provide a shuffle feed mechanism capable of feeding articles in rows at a predetermined rate.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A shuffle feed mechanism for articles comprising first and second sets of elongated shuffle feed members alternately spaced in parallel side-by-side order whereby with relative reciprocating motion there is provided a valley-to-valley progressing action for articles along the front faces of the members, and wedge-shaped members fixed to the front faces and aligned in spaced apart rows extending in the direction of the progressive action of the articles to prevent the advancement of articles aligned therewith thereby causing the articles to be advanced in rows extending between the wedge-shaped members and at a predetermined rate.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation view showing one type of shuffle feed mechanism in which the invention can be employed;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view showing the shuffle feed mechanism of FIG. 1 advancing articles thereon;
FIGS. 3 and 4 are fragmentary sectional views taken in the plane indicated by the line 3-3 in FIG. 2 and illustrating the operating relationship of the shuffle feed members and articles resting thereon; and
FIGS. 5 and 6 are fragmentary views similar to FIGS. 3 and 4 along the line 5-5 in FIG. 2.
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to FIG. 1, the shuffle feed structure shown comprises similar movablesets of upper shuffle members 13 andlower shuffle members 14 which are generally rectangular in configuration and are mounted in inclined position having long upwardly facing articlesupporting sides 13A and 14A and relatively narrow upwardly and forward facing article feeding and sup-' porting faces 13B'and 14B. These elongated shuffle feed members are positioned in parallel alternating relationship such that by relative reciprocating motion there" is provided a valley-to-valley progressive action for articles resting upon the sides and front faces.
To provide the reciprocating motion'the shuffle feed members 13 extend between and are secured to a spaced pair of upper frame members 15 fixed to a support frame 16 by a'pair of parallel links 17. The other shuffle feed members '14 are fixed to'a pair of lower frame members 18' supported by a pair of parallel lengths 19 i I The means fondriving the sets of shuffle feed members for reciprocating motion in opposite directions comprises a motor driven traverseshaft 20 suitably journaled on the support frame and carrying respective pairs of eccentrics 21 and 22 with respective eccentric followers connected by the links 24 and 25 with the frame members 15 and 18 for driving thesets of shuffle members 13 and 14, respectively. Thus the shuffle members move inopposite directions simultaneously to effect the feeding motion for articles supplied to the lower end of the apparatus. The traverse shaft 20 is driven by a belt 26 extending from a transmission 27 driven by a motor 28. I r s i At the upper end (or to the right of the drawing in F IG. Dislocated the shuffle feed flights 29 havingrecessed or scalloped front faces so as to advance the articles in pockets formed'by the scallopsfln this manner the articles can be moved forward at a rate determined by the speed of operation of the shuffle feed apparatus but also in parallel rows for subsequent processing.
However, experience has shown that the scalloped faces of the shuffle feed mechanism do not always separate the articles sufficiently in single file order as they are fed onto the shuffle mechanism such as by being passed through the bin 30 at the lower end of the apparatus. Because the articles tend to bunch up at the bottom of the chute they also collect within the scallops such that more than one article may be fed forward such that more than one article may be fed forward through the series of pockets. However, it is still advantageous in certain applications to use the scalloped shuffle feed mechanism for the separation of the individual articles of the type which tend to cling or stick together such as peach halves, etc. But to assure that the articles are fed in single file order at a predetermined rate, the subject invention was devised which receives the articles from the loading chute 30 and transports them in single file order to the scalloped shuffle feed mechanism 29.
In accordance with the present invention, means are provided for feeding the articles in single file order from the bin 30 to the flights 29 comprising a plurality of aligned wedge-shaped members 31 and 32 fixed, respectively, in spaced parallel rows to the front faces 13B and 14B of the flights l3 and 14. Each member 31 and 32 comprises an elongated bottom plate 33 which extends the bottom face of the flight itself with a downward inclining top face 34 extending from the juncture of the front face of the flight and the top surface of the flight. The front portion is slightly rounded to prevent injury to the articles being transported and the opposite ends of the top and bottom faces are butt welded or otherwise fixed to the forward faces of the supporting flight. Thus the wedge-shaped members are aligned in rows as shown in FIG. 2 to form therebetween paths along which the articles can normally be advanced at the predetermined rate determined by the rate of reciprocation of the flights.
As illustrated in FIGS. 3 through the articles 35 are shown as balls representing such produce as potatoes, tomatoes, etc. The ball 358 has dropped from the bin 30 to rest against the front face of flights 13A and 14A as shown. With the actuation of the mechanism the flight 14A will proceed in the downward direction as shown in FIG. 4 and the flight 13A will be moved forward and upward. Normally the flight 13 will move the article into alignment with the next adjoining flight 14B. However, because of the wedge faced members on the flight 13A, the ball 35A will merely roll backward across the top face as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 and down across the flight 13A to the bottom of the apparatus. However, the ball 358 in being positioned between the wedge members is moved forward in the normal manner as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. Similarly the ball 35C is moved forward up one of the paths meant to guide the articles into alignment with the receiving shuffle feed apparatus 29.
Thus, it can be seen that there is provided a shuffle feed mechanism which can be adjusted to feed articles at a predetermined rate and along any number of paths spaced across the width of the mechanism.
While the invention has been described in connection with specific embodiments thereof, it will be understood that it is capable of further modification, and
this application is intended to cover any variations, uses or adaptations of the invention following, in general, the principles of the invention and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice in the art to which the invention pertains and as may be applied to the essential features hereinbefore set forth, and as fall within the scope of the invention and the limits of the appended claims.
The invention claimed is:
1. A shuffle feed mechanism for articles, said mechanism comprising:
a first set of elongated shuffle feed members having front faces and being positioned in spaced parallel relationship;
a second set of elongated shuffle feed members having front faces and being positioned one between each adjacent pair of the first members to provide successive valleys formed by the front faces thereof;
means for supporting each of said sets for relative reciprocating motion in parallel relationship thereby to provide a valley-to-valley advancement for articles resting along the front faces of the feed members; and
wedge-shaped members fixed to the member front faces and with an elongated pointed edge extending parallel to the front faces to prevent the progression of articles aligned with the wedge-shaped members, said wedge-shaped members being positioned in spaced rows whereby the articles will progress along spaced paths between the wedgeshaped members.

Claims (1)

1. A shuffle feed mechanism for articles, said mechanism comprising: a first set of elongated shuffle feed members having front faces and being positioned in spaced parallel relationship; a second set of elongated shuffle feed members having front faces and being positioned one between each adjacent pair of the first members to provide successive valleys formed by the front faces thereof; means for supporting each of said sets for relative reciprocating motion in parallel relationship thereby to provide a valley-to-valley advancement for articles resting along the front faces of the feed members; and wedge-shaped members fixed to the member front faces and with an elongated pointed edge extending parallel to the front faces to prevent the progression of articles aligned with the wedgeshaped members, said wedge-shaped members being positioned in spaced rows whereby the articles will progress along spaced paths between the wedge-shaped members.
US47803474 1974-06-10 1974-06-10 Shuffle feeder capable of single file advancement of articles Expired - Lifetime US3923143A (en)

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US47803474 US3923143A (en) 1974-06-10 1974-06-10 Shuffle feeder capable of single file advancement of articles
BE2054171A BE825908A (en) 1974-06-10 1975-02-25 SLOW MOVING FEEDING DEVICE FOR ITEM PROGRESSION IN A SINGLE THREAD
JP4987075A JPS5327548B2 (en) 1974-06-10 1975-04-25

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4069909A (en) * 1977-03-16 1978-01-24 Altman James E Fruit feeder
FR2414982A1 (en) * 1977-12-15 1979-08-17 Magnuson Eng Inc FEEDING DEVICE FOR A SLICING MACHINE FOR FOOD PRODUCTS
FR2442599A1 (en) * 1978-11-28 1980-06-27 Hsu Tzuan Yuan Automatic peeler for asparagus sticks - feeds charge one by one to conveyor threading through clamps and cutters
US4212237A (en) * 1978-08-30 1980-07-15 Hsu Tauan Yuan Automatic asparagus peeling machine
US4526075A (en) * 1981-06-19 1985-07-02 Wright Raymond G W Potato processing apparatus
US4685552A (en) * 1985-08-30 1987-08-11 Anderson Ronald L Machine for orientating and delivering tapered articles
WO1998047796A1 (en) * 1997-04-18 1998-10-29 Atlas Pacific Engineering Company Dry shuffle feed for produce
US6761261B2 (en) 1999-04-27 2004-07-13 Maxi-Tour Inc. Article transfer device
US20100032265A1 (en) * 2006-12-15 2010-02-11 Kao Corporation Article conveying device
BE1027717B1 (en) * 2019-10-29 2021-05-31 Spiessens Bvba DATE GRATING DEVICE

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1760369A (en) * 1928-08-22 1930-05-27 Fmc Corp Conveyer for fruits and vegetables
US1992331A (en) * 1932-04-26 1935-02-26 Fmc Corp Single file feeding device
US2728443A (en) * 1951-04-13 1955-12-27 Magnuson Roy M Shuffle feed mechanism for single filing articles
US2792929A (en) * 1955-05-17 1957-05-21 Genevieve I Magnuson Shuffle feed structure
US3291173A (en) * 1965-01-22 1966-12-13 Genevieve I Magnuson Shuffle feed end trimmer for vegetables
US3509988A (en) * 1968-06-13 1970-05-05 Traver J Smith Shuffle feed mechanism
US3547249A (en) * 1968-11-27 1970-12-15 Filper Corp Feeder
US3561582A (en) * 1968-07-24 1971-02-09 Hanscom Genevieve I Shuffle feed positioner
US3605983A (en) * 1969-08-14 1971-09-20 Gen Foods Corp Corn orienting apparatus and method
US3651925A (en) * 1969-10-30 1972-03-28 Hanscom Genevieve I Dual shuffle feed
US3661240A (en) * 1970-01-19 1972-05-09 Hanscom Genevieve I Shuffle feed mechanism

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1760369A (en) * 1928-08-22 1930-05-27 Fmc Corp Conveyer for fruits and vegetables
US1992331A (en) * 1932-04-26 1935-02-26 Fmc Corp Single file feeding device
US2728443A (en) * 1951-04-13 1955-12-27 Magnuson Roy M Shuffle feed mechanism for single filing articles
US2792929A (en) * 1955-05-17 1957-05-21 Genevieve I Magnuson Shuffle feed structure
US3291173A (en) * 1965-01-22 1966-12-13 Genevieve I Magnuson Shuffle feed end trimmer for vegetables
US3509988A (en) * 1968-06-13 1970-05-05 Traver J Smith Shuffle feed mechanism
US3561582A (en) * 1968-07-24 1971-02-09 Hanscom Genevieve I Shuffle feed positioner
US3547249A (en) * 1968-11-27 1970-12-15 Filper Corp Feeder
US3605983A (en) * 1969-08-14 1971-09-20 Gen Foods Corp Corn orienting apparatus and method
US3651925A (en) * 1969-10-30 1972-03-28 Hanscom Genevieve I Dual shuffle feed
US3661240A (en) * 1970-01-19 1972-05-09 Hanscom Genevieve I Shuffle feed mechanism

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4069909A (en) * 1977-03-16 1978-01-24 Altman James E Fruit feeder
FR2414982A1 (en) * 1977-12-15 1979-08-17 Magnuson Eng Inc FEEDING DEVICE FOR A SLICING MACHINE FOR FOOD PRODUCTS
US4212237A (en) * 1978-08-30 1980-07-15 Hsu Tauan Yuan Automatic asparagus peeling machine
FR2442599A1 (en) * 1978-11-28 1980-06-27 Hsu Tzuan Yuan Automatic peeler for asparagus sticks - feeds charge one by one to conveyor threading through clamps and cutters
US4526075A (en) * 1981-06-19 1985-07-02 Wright Raymond G W Potato processing apparatus
US4685552A (en) * 1985-08-30 1987-08-11 Anderson Ronald L Machine for orientating and delivering tapered articles
WO1998047796A1 (en) * 1997-04-18 1998-10-29 Atlas Pacific Engineering Company Dry shuffle feed for produce
US5938002A (en) * 1997-04-18 1999-08-17 Atlas Pacific Engineering Company Dry shuffle feed for produce
US6761261B2 (en) 1999-04-27 2004-07-13 Maxi-Tour Inc. Article transfer device
US20100032265A1 (en) * 2006-12-15 2010-02-11 Kao Corporation Article conveying device
US7967128B2 (en) * 2006-12-15 2011-06-28 Kao Corporation Article conveying device
BE1027717B1 (en) * 2019-10-29 2021-05-31 Spiessens Bvba DATE GRATING DEVICE

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE825908A1 (en)
BE825908A (en) 1975-06-16
JPS50155673A (en) 1975-12-16
JPS5327548B2 (en) 1978-08-09

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Owner name: MAGNUSON ENGINEERS, INC., A CORP. OF CA.

Free format text: CONDITIONAL ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:THOMSON, LOIS J; HANSCOM,GENEVIEVE I., TRUSTEES AND HANSCOM, GENEVIEVE (OWNER);REEL/FRAME:003860/0402

Effective date: 19810225

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Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:CHEMICAL BANK, A NY BANKING CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004800/0978

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