US2528293A - Feeding of cherries having stems attached - Google Patents

Feeding of cherries having stems attached Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2528293A
US2528293A US767772A US76777247A US2528293A US 2528293 A US2528293 A US 2528293A US 767772 A US767772 A US 767772A US 76777247 A US76777247 A US 76777247A US 2528293 A US2528293 A US 2528293A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
conveyor
cherries
cherry
pitting
feeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US767772A
Inventor
Jr George W Ashlock
Original Assignee
Jr George W Ashlock
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jr George W Ashlock filed Critical Jr George W Ashlock
Priority to US767772A priority Critical patent/US2528293A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2528293A publication Critical patent/US2528293A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/02Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors
    • B65G47/04Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles
    • B65G47/12Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles
    • B65G47/14Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding
    • B65G47/1407Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding the articles being fed from a container, e.g. a bowl
    • B65G47/1442Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding the articles being fed from a container, e.g. a bowl by means of movement of the bottom or a part of the wall of the container
    • B65G47/1471Movement in one direction, substantially outwards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N4/00Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit, characterised by their stoning or removing device
    • A23N4/02Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit, characterised by their stoning or removing device for stoning fruit
    • A23N4/06Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit, characterised by their stoning or removing device for stoning fruit for cherries or the like

Description

Oct. 31, 1950 G. w. ASHLOCK, JR 2,528,293

FEEDING 0F CHERRIES HAVING STEMS ATTACHED 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 9, 1947 IN V EN TOR.

A 77'0RNE V Oct. 31, 1950 e. w. ASHLOCK, JR

FEEDING OF CHERRIES HAVING STEMS ATTACHED 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 9, 1947 wm mw N -m- HIHWH A Rd v w/ w w W 4 A m\ .6 NM w M v 65 mm mm \m 1 I mm mm P. S J II ll m mm mm x m kw m mm Wm w Oct. 31, 1950 s. w. AsHLOcK, JR

FEEDING 0F CHERRIES HAVING STEMS ATTACHED 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Aug. 9, 1947 m m hwfuiw mn mHHHH Q ma mw MN WW 'INVENTOR.

J, v a E m m w a A W A 6 m w 6.

Oct. 31, 1950 G. w. ASHLOCK, JR

FEEDING 0F CHERRIES HAVING STEMS ATTACHED 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Aug. 9, 1947 M m w W ATTORNE stemmed cherries to the pitting conveyor.

Patented Oct. 31, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FEEDING OF CHERRIES HAVING STEMS ATTACHED This invention relates to the feeding Of cherries having attached stems to a pitting mechanism whereby the cherries are positioned so that the stone in the cherry can be removed through the side of the cherry and the attached stem does not interfere with the pitting operation.

Pitted cherries with stems attached are widely used. Heretofore, such cherries have been generally pitted by hand inasmuch as the presence of the stem made the handling of the cherry in any of the previously known cherry pitting machines impractical. In accordance with the present invention, the stemmed cherries are placed upon the pitting conveyor with the individual cherry stems extending in substantially the same direction, the cherries being supportedon their sides so that, upon operation of the pitting mechanism, the stone of the cherry is removed.

B positioning cherries with their stems extending horizontallyand in the same direction, the cherries are position so that the stone can be removed from thecherry through the side of the cherry thus enabling the stem attachment to be continued and, atthe same time, effecting only a minimum of cutting in the cherry so that its ap pearance is altered only very slightly.

The invention. also contemplates provision of a novel feeding device and method for delivery of Since the stemmed cherries are usually handled as a mass, preliminary segregation of the cherries into-smaller masses is effected as the first step in proper placement of the cherries for pitting. After segregation, the several smaller masses are delivered successively to the pitting conveyor for placement preparatory to pitting by uch mechanism as that shown in my prior Patent 2,157,218 or 2,219,832.

It is generally the broad. object of the present invention to provide a novel machine as well as a method for feeding cherries having attached stems to an automatic mechanism for removing the pits from the cherries.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a novel feeding device particularly suited to the feeding of cherries having attached stems to a pitting conveyor.

The invention includes other objects and features of advantage, some of which, together with the foregoing will appear hereinafter wherein the present preferred form of cherry feeder i disclosed in association with its related mechanism.

Referring to the drawings,

- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a machine embodying the present invention.

4 Claims. (Cl. 198-33) Figure 2 is a view taken along the line 2-4 of Figure 3.

Figure 3 is a plan view of the machine shown in Figure 1.

Figure 4 is an enlarged plan view showing cherries positioned for pitting after operation of the feeding mechanism.

Figures 5, 6, '7 and 8 are respectively figures taken along the lines 55, 66, 1-4, and 8-8, of Figure 2. I

Referring to the drawings, the machine of the present invention includes a pair of opposite vertical frame members it and H, suitably secured together and supported by legs I2 and [3. A pitting mechanism, generally designated as M, is mounted at one end of frame members II! and i l; the pitting mechanism can be that shown in my Patents 2,157,518 of May 9, 1939 and 2,219,832 of October 29, 1940.

To drive the pitting mechanism and to operate the other units of the machine, a prime mover device, generally indicated at I5, is mounted upon the pitting mechanism.

The prime mover includes a V-belt sheave l5 having a V-belt I! trained thereover and about sheave I8 on shaft 19 in the pitting mechanism. Another sheave 2! is mounted upon shaft 19 and a V-belt 22 is extended about this sheave and about sheave 23 mounted upon pitting conveyor shaft 24 at the forward end of the machine and which is utilized to drive the pitting conveyor generally indicated at 25.

To support the conveyor 25 and provide for a definite path of movement of the pitting conveyor, shaft 24 is suitably journaled in the side members l9 and II and carries sprockets 26, each of which i in mesh with the links of chains 28 which are extended about the sprockets 26. Sprockets 29 are mounted upon shaft 3 i, the latter being journaled suitably in plates 32 extending between frame members It and II and legs 13. A

shaft 33 is also journaled between frame mem bers it and I l and includes sprockets 34 supporting the upper run of the chairs 2B. The rotation of the several sprockets is such that the conveyor chains 28 advance from sprockets 34 to sprockets 25 and then downwardly to sprockets 29 from which the chain passes upwardly at an acute angle to the horizontal to pass over sprocket 34' is of generally circular cross-section and includes an aperture 4| in the bottom portion thereof over an aperture 40 in plate 31 through which the stone from the fruit can be ejected. The pitting conveyor can include any desired number of chucks in transverse alignment; one can refer to my prior Patent 2,209,305 and 2,314,862 for an illustration of the construction of typical fruit pitting chucks and their attachment to the transverse plates 38 to make a suitable pitting conveyor.

To feed cherries onto the pitting conveyor 25, I provide a hopper into which is placed cherries With their stems attached. The hopper includes side-walls 52 which form extensions of frame members I and II, terminal portions 52 of which flare outwardly to form the hopper. The hopper includes parallel spaced guide Walls 53 which form a part of the stemmed cherry separating and feed conveyor 55 as appears in Figure 8. The guide walls are spaced apart by threaded rods 55 extended between the two guide walls with shoulders 57 abutting conveyor support slides 58 (Figure 8) Mounted at each end of the guide Walls 53 are sprockets 60 and 6!, these being respectively mounted upon shaft 55 stub shafts 62 as appears in Figure 7. Chain 56 is trained about each of the sprockets 60 and 61 and over slides 58 on its upper run, the chain links including angle pieces 8! secured thereto. To each of the angle pieces are secured transverse L shaped members 68 arranged one after the other to provide a series of ascending pockets defined by each L, the bottom of each L standing above the run of the conveyor and which pass through hopper 5| and pick up and carry along stemmed cherries. The conveyor 55 moves upwardly, finally passing over sprocket 6 at the upper end of the run of conveyor 55; at this point, the cherries carried by the conveyor 55 are discharged, falling down over the deflector plate H onto that portion of pitting conveyor 25 which is intermediate sprockets 29 and. 34. Any cherries which fall until they are adjacent sprocket 29 are prevented from falling on" the conveyor by stop 73. By utilizing L-shaped pockets in the feed conveyor 55, the cherries disentangle themselves from the mass of cherries in the hopper and are fed successively as a loose smaller mass.

This disentanglement is further assisted by per mitting the cherries to fall over the deflector plate H so that cherries are generally separated, one from the other, by the time they fall into place on pitting conveyor 25.

Feeding of the cherries to the pitting mechanism by the pitting conveyor 25 in other than a predetermined manner is prevented by brush 8! positioned cooperatively adjacent to the upper run of the conveyor 25 between sprockets 29 and 34. The brush 8! is positioned at an angle to the run of the conveyor so that it is effective to arrange the stems of the cherries at an angle to the run of the conveyor, as appears in Figure 4. To facilitate this shaft 82 supporting the brush 8| is angularly mounted with respect to conveyor 25 and is rotatably journaled in suitable bearings 84 and 85 provided upon side plates i6 and II of the machine. A sheave 8'! is provided upon the extending end of shaft 82 and a V-belt 88 is trained about this and about a sheave 9 on shaft 65, the latter being driven from sheave 9| on shaft 33 by a V-belt 92 trained about the sheave 9i and about a sheave 93 on shaft 65.

By locating the shaft 82 at such an angle that thebrush sweeps the cherry stems across the run of the conveyor at an acute angle thereto, the distance between successive receptacles can be lessened while, at the same time, location and centering of the cherries in the several gener ally circular receptacles 39 on the pitting conveyor 25 is facilitated. Any cherries in excess of those required to provide single occupancy of each receptacle are forced back by the brush and into an oncoming open receptacle 29. In this manner occupancy of each of the receptacles by a stemmed cherry in the conveyor passing to the feeding mechanism is assured.

I claim:

1. A device for orienting cherries having attached stems comprising a conveyor movable over a path and including a plurality of article receiving receptacles arranged serially of said conveyor, each receptacle being a cup-like recess in an adjacent planar portion or the conveyor and of a depth approximately equal to the diameter of a cherry, means for depositing cherries on said conveyor in any position, and a brush supported for rotation at an angle to the path of the conveyor and cooperatively adjacent to the conveyor to brush each cherry stem and turn a cherry in a receptacle over onto its side in which position the cherry is stably supported by the receptacle with the stem thereon substantially coplanar with the adjacent planar portion of the conveyor and at an angle to the conveyor run.

2. A device for orienting cherries having attached stems comprising a conveyor movable over a path and including a plurality of article receiving receptacles arranged serially of said conveyor, each receptacle being a cup-like recess in an adjacent planar portion of the con veyor and of a depth approximately equal to the diameter of a cherry, means for depositing cherries on said conveyor in any position, and a brush supported for rotation cooperatively adjacent to the conveyor to brush each cherry stem and turn a cherry in a receptacle over onto its side in which position the cherry is stably supported by the receptacle With the stem substantially coplanar with the adjacent planar portion of the conveyor.

3. A device for orienting cherries having attached stems comprising a conveyor movable over a path and including a plurality of article receivingreceptacles arranged serially of said conveyor, each receptacle being a cup-like recess in an adjacent flat top portion of the conveyor and of a depth approximately equal to the diameter of a cherry, means for depositing cherries on said conveyor in any position, and a brush supported for rotation cooperatively adjacent to the conveyor to brush each cherry stem and turn a cherry in a receptacle over onto its side in which position the cherry is stably supported by the receptacle with the stem resting along and engaged with the flat top of the conveyor.

4. A device for orienting cherries having attached stems comprising a conveyor movable over a path and including a plurality of article receiving receptacles arranged serially of said conveyor, each receptacle being a cup-like recess in an adjacent planar portion of the conveyor and of a depth approximately equal to the diameter of a cherry, means for depositing cherries on said conveyor in any position, a brush supported for rotation cooperatively adjacent to the conveyor, and means for rotating said brush in a direction opposite to that of the conveyor to brush each cherry stem and turn a cherry in a receptacle over onto its side in Which position the cherry is stably supported by the receptacle with the stem extending rearwardly and' in engagement with the planar portion of the conveyor.

GEORGE W. ASHLOCK, JR.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

US767772A 1947-08-09 1947-08-09 Feeding of cherries having stems attached Expired - Lifetime US2528293A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US767772A US2528293A (en) 1947-08-09 1947-08-09 Feeding of cherries having stems attached

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US767772A US2528293A (en) 1947-08-09 1947-08-09 Feeding of cherries having stems attached

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2528293A true US2528293A (en) 1950-10-31

Family

ID=25080536

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US767772A Expired - Lifetime US2528293A (en) 1947-08-09 1947-08-09 Feeding of cherries having stems attached

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2528293A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558205A (en) * 1950-05-12 1951-06-26 Jr George W Ashlock Cherry pitter
US2710636A (en) * 1951-02-27 1955-06-14 Fmc Corp Pitting device for stem bearing fruit
US2731051A (en) * 1950-07-25 1956-01-17 S & W Fine Foods Inc Machines for orientating and stemming fruit with stems
US2732987A (en) * 1956-01-31 moore
US2979747A (en) * 1957-08-08 1961-04-18 Osborn Mfg Co Work conveying and brushing machine
US3061070A (en) * 1957-07-26 1962-10-30 Atlas Pacifik Eng Co Fruit handling machine
US3159195A (en) * 1963-07-01 1964-12-01 Atlas Pacifik Eng Co Fruit pitting machine
US4619196A (en) * 1983-10-03 1986-10-28 Matsuoka Machinery Works Co., Ltd. Tablet printing device with orienting brush

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US679852A (en) * 1897-08-28 1901-08-06 Edmund Mackay Cracker-stacking machine.
US1359559A (en) * 1919-08-12 1920-11-23 Arthur P Wolfe Bean-snipping machine
DE392110C (en) * 1923-01-20 1924-03-15 Fritz Michael Kirschenentstielmaschine
US2406311A (en) * 1945-02-21 1946-08-27 Jr George W Ashlock Article orientation

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US679852A (en) * 1897-08-28 1901-08-06 Edmund Mackay Cracker-stacking machine.
US1359559A (en) * 1919-08-12 1920-11-23 Arthur P Wolfe Bean-snipping machine
DE392110C (en) * 1923-01-20 1924-03-15 Fritz Michael Kirschenentstielmaschine
US2406311A (en) * 1945-02-21 1946-08-27 Jr George W Ashlock Article orientation

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2732987A (en) * 1956-01-31 moore
US2558205A (en) * 1950-05-12 1951-06-26 Jr George W Ashlock Cherry pitter
US2731051A (en) * 1950-07-25 1956-01-17 S & W Fine Foods Inc Machines for orientating and stemming fruit with stems
US2710636A (en) * 1951-02-27 1955-06-14 Fmc Corp Pitting device for stem bearing fruit
US3061070A (en) * 1957-07-26 1962-10-30 Atlas Pacifik Eng Co Fruit handling machine
US2979747A (en) * 1957-08-08 1961-04-18 Osborn Mfg Co Work conveying and brushing machine
US3159195A (en) * 1963-07-01 1964-12-01 Atlas Pacifik Eng Co Fruit pitting machine
US4619196A (en) * 1983-10-03 1986-10-28 Matsuoka Machinery Works Co., Ltd. Tablet printing device with orienting brush

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5415322A (en) Machine for automatically positioning and aligning containers
US3342012A (en) Egg packer
US3386320A (en) Package-opening method and apparatus
US4332827A (en) Method of cracking nuts at high production rates
US6726002B2 (en) Apparatus for delivering substantially spherical products into a substantially rectangular container
US2561069A (en) Baled hay feeding device
EP0801626B1 (en) Positive spacing conveyor apparatus
US2813617A (en) Article aligning machine
US4205743A (en) Conveyor feeder for candy eggs
US2764274A (en) Article handling apparatus
US2509069A (en) Machine for sorting, counting, and packaging medicinal tablets
US2571790A (en) Can arranging apparatus
US3721330A (en) Article timing and feeding mechanism
US3770123A (en) Method and apparatus for grading shrimp
US3954190A (en) Palletizer
US3873033A (en) Methods and apparatus for preparing sugarcane stalks for subsequent processing
US4309944A (en) High speed fruit feeding apparatus
US3738510A (en) Sticker placer apparatus for placing sticks
US2471479A (en) Pear orienting and feeding apparatus
US4418617A (en) Apparatus for cracking nuts at high production rates
US9668493B2 (en) Shashlyk machine and method for making shashlyks
US2784450A (en) Method of cleaning shrimp
US3455085A (en) Case packing machine for tiered articles
GB1527947A (en) Method of machine packaging dispensing spoons together with containers such as bottles and apparatus for carrying out said method
US2387709A (en) Orientation of fruit