US3902291A - Building elements for models - Google Patents

Building elements for models Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3902291A
US3902291A US372410A US37241073A US3902291A US 3902291 A US3902291 A US 3902291A US 372410 A US372410 A US 372410A US 37241073 A US37241073 A US 37241073A US 3902291 A US3902291 A US 3902291A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
edge
floor
marginal
anchoring
tongue
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US372410A
Inventor
Peter Zucht
Original Assignee
Peter Zucht
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19722230774 priority Critical patent/DE2230774B2/en
Application filed by Peter Zucht filed Critical Peter Zucht
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3902291A publication Critical patent/US3902291A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B25/00Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B25/04Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes of buildings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2200/00Constructional details of connections not covered for in other groups of this subclass
    • F16B2200/30Dovetail-like connections

Abstract

The invention provides a set of building elements for assembling building models to a reduced scale in which the main load bearing areas such as the floor and ceiling surfaces are built up from elements which are positively locked together. This is achieved by providing the elements of plate-like form with grooves extending around their edges which have an increased internal cross-section into which complementary tongue fillets are inserted. An important feature of this invention provides anchoring elements which can be connected to the upper edges of the wall elements and positively connected together to form a stabilising frame for the top of the said wall elements.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Zucht 1 1 Sept. 2, 1975 BUILDING ELEMENTS FOR MODELS [76] Inventor: Peter Zucht, Ober-Ramstadter Str.

18, 6101 Reinheim, Odenwald, Germany [22] Filed: June 21, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 372,410

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data June 23, 1972 Germany 2230774 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,449,529 3/1923 Meadors 52/591 1,985,992 1/1935 Hayman 52/586 2,204,319 6/1940 Parsons ct a1 52/460 2,534,501 12/1950 Coleman 52/586 3,146,497 9/1964 Short et a1. v 52/234 3,254,402 6/1966 Balamuth et a1.. 29/470.1

3,305,982 2/1967 Steele 52/593 3,712,004 l/l973 Loebsack 52/234 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,350,543 12/1963 France 52/586 581,859 8/1959 Canada 52/586 692,573 6/1953 United Kingdom 52/234 409,211 2/1945 Italy 52/234 Primary ExaminerFrank L. Abbott Assistant Examiner-James L. Ridgill, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or FirmM1ichael S. Striker [5 7] ABSTRACT The invention provides a set of building elements for assembling building models to a reduced scale in which the main load bearing areas such as the floor and ceiling surfaces are built up from elements which are positively locked together. This is achieved by providing the elements of plate-like form with grooves extending around their edges which have an increased internal cross-section into which complementary tongue fillets are inserted.

An important feature of this invention provides anchoring elements which can be connected to the upper edges of the wall elements and positively connected together to form a stabilising frame for the top of the said wall elements.

6 Claims, 16 Drawing Figures PATEWEU 21975 SHEET Fig 1 PATENTEB SEP 2 1915 UCC SHLLI Fig 5 PATENTEUSEP' 21975 3802291 sum 4 Fig. 3

PATENTED 2|975 I 3 90 2 291 SHEE? 8 Fig 9 PATENTEDSEP 2197s 3, 902,291

sum 9 Fig 10 BUILDING ELEMENTS FOR MODELS The invention relates to a set of building elements for models of buildings for assembly to a reduced scale according to a co-ordinate system and having building elements arranged to be assembled into flooror ceiling surfaces (hereinafter referred to as floor elements) and building elements arranged to be assembled in grooves in the surfaces formed for walls, doors, windows and the like (hereinafter referred to as wall elements).

Sets of building elements of this kind are referred to hereinafter as being of the kind specified and serve as planning building kits for architects for making up models of buildings to thereby facilitate the spatial representation in the course of planning operations; they are also used for demonstration on buildings and at ex hibitions. Furthermore, they find application in model railway installations and the like.

In known sets of building elements a serious disadvantage is that unintentional detachment of the individual building elements cannot be avoided, particularly in the case of the floor plates, which have to bear the entire weight of the remainder of the parts of the building model, when it is being handled.

An object of the invention is to provide a set of building elements of the kind specified in which the floor elemcnts cannot inadvertently become detached.

Thus, in accordance with the invention, in a set of building elements of the kind specified the floor elements are plate-like, the edges of which define grooves, the walls of each groove define an internal portion of the groove of increased cross-section, and tongue fillets are provided having a pair of correspondingly shaped limbs for positively connecting adjacent floor elements so as to form a floor plate.

By reason of the positive connection of the floor elements by means of the shaped tongue. fillets to define flooror ceiling surfaces, any unintentional detachment of individual floorelements is rendered impossible, appreciable stability and rigidity being obtained at the same time. It is precisely these characteristics which are essential requirements for building models, since their dimensional and other stability is determined almost entirely by the floorand, if desired, the ceiling surfaces.

According to a feature of the invention the set of building elements includes elongated anchoring elements which are positively interconnectible at their ends and which have longitudinal grooves in one face thereof for receiving tongues provided in the upper edges of the wall elements, the anchoring elements thereby providing, when assembled, an anchoring frame for the upper edges of the wall elements.

Such a feature provides the advantage that the wall elements can be connected to form aligned units of stable shape, which, if desired, can support a further storey or a roof and which, if desired, may be lifted off for the purpose of more detailed explanation.

The invention also provides for only a small number of types of building elements, which moreover are easy to manufacture whilst providing a large range of sizes of the model.

Conveniently. the set may include marginal fillets for forming a margin around a floor plate, said marginal fillets having a single shaped limb for positive connection with respective adjacent floor elements.

In one preferred form of the invention edges of the floor elements define a groove of re-entrant L-shape and the tongue fillets are of U-shaped cross-section.

According to a further feature of the invention wall elements are provided with further tongues along their lower edges and the margins of the upper portion of each floor element are rabbe'ted relative to the margins of its lower portion in plan view by half the thickness of said further tongues of the wall elements, the floor elements, when assembled, thereby providing a grid of grooves with a width equal to the thicknessof said further tongues.

Thus, it will be appreciated that to build a model the elements are inserted by means of the tongue at their lower end into the groove grid of the floor plate; and anchoring elements are assembled on individual wall elements corresponding to the perimeter of the floor plate and the internal walls of the model, a positive interconnection between the anchoring elements being provided by a plugged connection, e.g., dovetail joints.

Thanks to the anchoring frame thereby provided, it is not necessary to interconnect the wall elements at their vertical adjacent ends, which considerably simplifies assembly of the model.

In this way it is possible to build up individual storeys of a multi-storey building model and also roofs in the form of units which are accurately to scale, and thanks to their stability, to dismantle them without attachment of individual building elements and also to swap them around.

The building elements may consist of two dishshaped interengaging parts. By reason of this two-part construction, the elements can, in simple manner, be injection moulded in plastics, without the need for the grooves to be'cut in the plate-shaped blocks; the two parts may then be interconnected by ultrasonic welding.

A wall element in the form of a door may be assembled as a unit from individual parts, from a frame consisting of two essentially like halves, advantageously joined by ultrasonic welding, and which has two lower tongues for insertion into a groove of the grid, as well as one upper tongue, for engagement in the groove of an anchoring element, as well as a door threshold with a step insertable in the grid groove between the lower tongues and a panel with plugs extending therefrom, one of which is accommodated in a bore of the frame and the other of which abuts against the step of the door threshold. By these means, on the one hand, the individual parts of the door can be produced in a rational manner and, on the other hand, a very simple construction of the door results. Advantageously the two identical halves of the frame can be provided with extensions and bores which facilitate centering and for many applications provide a connection of adequate strength, so that if desired any additional ultrasonic welding can be dispensed with.

In order to increase the number of possible variations of the models, the building set, in accordance with the invention, may have wall elements which have a groove at their lower end and a tongue at their upper end. Depending on the number of wall elements arranged one above the other, different heights of storeys result. In this arrangement the groove of the lowest element accommodates the tongue of a wall element; the tongue of the topmost element engages a groove on the underside of an anchoring element.

In order that the invention may be readily understood, characteristics and advantages thereof will be explained in greater detail, by way of example, with reference to embodiments in the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 shows an exploded view of a storey of a building model, whose floor surface consists of quadrilateral floor elements;

FIG. 2a is a perspective representation of a two-part floor element according to FIG. 1;

FIG. 2b shows the joint between floor elements by means of U-shaped tongue fillets in perspective representation;

FIG. 2c shows an enlarged section on the line AA in FIG. 2b;

FIGS. 3a-d show an elevation of the sides facing each other of a two-part floor element according to FIG. 2 as well as sections through these parts;

FIG. 4 shows a marginal fillet;

FIG. 5 shows a further embodiment of marginal fillets;

FIG. 6 shows the arrangement and construction of the wall elements;

FIG. 7 shows an embodiment of a building element for doors;

FIG. 8 shows an embodiment of anchoring elements;

FIG. 9 shows a further embodiment of an anchoring element as well as a part of an anchoring frame mounted on the wall elements;

FIG. 10 shows an embodiment of a superimposable wall element;

FIG. 11 shows an embodiment of a parapet fillet for fiat roofs.

In accordance with FIG. 1, the floor surface of the storey consists of floor elements 1, which are positively connected by tongue fillets 2 and which are bounded at their margins by marginal fillets 3. The groove grid which is formed when these elements are connected receives the wall elements, of which a solid wall element 4 and a window element 7 are shown. The anchoring frame consists of individual anchoring elements, some of which are designated 6, 8, 10, 11, which are shown in greater detail in FIGS. 8 and 9, and which will be explained later. The anchoring frame is mounted on the upper tongues of the wall elements. A further storey can be built up as described hereinbefore and mounted on the anchoring frame. A second plate corresponding to the floor surface may also be laid on the anchoring frame, which, for example, then defines the flat roof of a bungalow. For this purpose some of the anchoring elements have tongues on their upper sides, which engage the grooves on the underside of the marginal fillets. Such an anchoring element is referenced 5 in FIG. 1 and the tongue is referenced 5'.

In accordance with FIGS, 2a-c each floor element has at each of its edges a longitudinally extending, reentrant L-shaped groove 12, the horizontal or leg section thereby opening from the respective edge and the inner end of the groove being effectively of increased cross-section. The upwardly directed or upright section terminates approximately at the level at which the upper portion 14 of the floor element is rabbcttcd; the rabbets are provided around the edge of the upper portion of the floor element and are half the thickness of tongues provided on the wall elements (FIG. 21'). By reason of their rabbcttcd upper portions, when assembled, adjacent floor elements form a grid of grooves which intersect at right-angles and whose width is equal to the thickness of tongues provided on the wall elements.

In accordance with FIGS. 3a-d, each floor element consists of two dished parts, one part providing a stepped wall 16 extending from the lower portion 13, the upper edge of which fits within an inner wall of a double-wall section 17 extending from the upper portion 14. The lower edge of said inner wall engages the step of wall 130. Thus the upright of the L-shaped groove is provided by the space between the double wall section 17, whilst the leg section is provided by the spacing of the lower and upper portions 13, 14 respectively. This two-part configuration rationalises the manufacture in plastics, without the need for producing grooves by a cutting operation. It will be appreciated that the upper and lower portions can be in the form of like dished parts, which are welded together at their ends with the L-shaped grooves formed therein.

The adjacent floor elements are interconnected by means of complementary U-shaped tongue fillets 2 (FIGS. 1 and 2), whilst marginal fillets 3 (FIGS. 1, 2c, 5) are arranged along the margins of the floorand ceiling surfaces. Referring to FIG. 4, the marginal fillets have L-shaped tongues 21 and are rabbcttcd at the level of the top of the upright section of the L-shaped tongues by half the tongue thickness of the wall elements. The rabbcttcd sections of the marginal fillets cooperate with the rabbets of adjacent outer floor elements to define a marginal groove. As shown in FIG. 4, the tongues do not extend over the entire length of a marginal fillet, so that the marginal fillets which abut each other at right-angles at a corner of the floor plate can be arranged flush one above the other. As shown in FIG. 5, the length of the marginal fillets advantageously corresponds to a multiple of the elementary grid length. Regions of weakness Zl enable subdivision of an element, in order to achieve corner connections with a flush finish.

As shown in FIG. 5, the undersides of the marginal fillets have continuous grooves 22 and these grooves receive the tongues 5' of the anchoring elements 5.

In FIG. 6 a plurality of wall elements are shown in plan view inserted into the grooves which intersect at right-angles, i.e., the groove grid. The width of the wall elements 4 (FIG. 1) is equal to the distance between the centre lines 23 of two adjacent grooves in FIG. 6, i.e., also equal to the elementary grid length of the floor elements. The width of the wall element 25 for an interior wall is equal to the distance between the centre lines 24 of two adjacent grooves, reduced by half the wall thickness of the wall elements 4. correspondingly the width of the adjacent wall element 26 may be equal to the distance between two centre lines 24, so that in the case of a square groove grid as in FIG. 6 the length of wall element 26 is identical to that of elements 4, whilst the abutting wall element 27 has a recess whose depth is equal to half the wall thickness and whose width is equal to the full wall thickness. By means of wall elements, whose width is equal to half the grid 7 length, it is possible to transpose window elements and the like.

All the wall elements have at their upper and lower ends tongues of substantially the same cross-section. The upper tongues referenced 28 in FIGS. 1 and 6 engage with the grooves formed in the undersides of the anchoring elements, whilst the lower tongues (not shown in FIGS. 1 and 6) are received by the groove grid. The wall elements shown consist of two ultrasonically welded together halves. In the same way as the floor elements, they may consist of two dish-shaped inter-engaging portions.

FIG. 7 shows a door element 29 in accordance with the invention, which consists of a door frame 30, a door panel 31 and a door threshold 32. The door frame consists of two identical halves, which are also ultrasonically welded together. This is indicated by the welding seam 40. The upper peg 33 of the door panel protrudes into a bore (not shown) in the frame, whilst the lowerpeg 34 is received by a channel formed by a shoulder 35 of the door threshold 32 inserted into the grid groove, the walls of the grid groove concerned as well as the end 36 of the tongue 37 of the door frame after the latter has been inserted in the grid groove. Furthermore. the door frame has tongues 39 and 41 which are received by the groove grid and the groove on the underside of an anchoring element respectively.

As shown in FIG. 7, a number of floor elements dc fining plate-like elements may each be combined into a major floor element 38 thereby reducing the time taken in assembling a like number of individual floor elements. By reason of the grid configuration, further major elements as well as individual floor elements may be connected to these major elements.

As shown in FIG. I, the anchoring elements have different lengths and configurations: the L-shaped elements 9 are used for the corners of the outer wall elements 4., their ends being provided with dovetail grooves and dovetail tongues respectively, which are positively connected to dovetail tongues and dovetail grooves respectively of adjacent anchoring elements. The anchoring elements are of twice the grid length and are mounted on two aligned adjacent outer wall elements 4.

The T-shaped anchoring element referenced 11 in FIG. 8 has ends which are complementary to the element referenced 11 in FIG. 1 and, in the same way as the latter. serves to fix the inner wall element 42 (FIG. 8) in its position relative to the outer wall element 4. For this purpose L-shaped anchoring elements 43 may also be provided, which have a dovetail groove 44. Ref erence 42' designates a wall element of half the grid length, which makes it possible, for example, to transpose the door of FIG. 7 by half the grid length.

FIG. 9 shows the anchoring element 5 of FIG. 1 to an enlarged scale. It has a tongue 5 which is received by the groove 45 on the underside of the marginal fillet 46 of the ceiling surface 47.

The height of the wall elements is such that it corre sponds to the height of the anchoring frame of the lowest height of the storey reproduced to scale. For the purpose of producing models of taller storeys as well, the set of building elements has wall crown elements 48, (see FIG. 10), whose length is equal to an elementary grid length or a multiple thereof and whose wall thickness is the same as that of the wall elements. On their undersides they have grooves 49 by which they are mounted on the tongues of the wall elements or the next wall crown element, and on their upper sides tongues 50, by which they engage the grooves on the undersides of the anchoring elements. Thus a plurality of these wall crown elements may be arranged one above the other, so that models of different storey heights may be produced.

11 shows the flat roof of a bungalow. It consists ofa ceiling surface 51 on the marginal fillets 53 and 54 ofwh ich parapet elements 55 and 56 are mounted. The Y parapet element 55 consists of an L-shaped fillet, a tongue 58 extending parallel to the upright section 57 and provided on the inside of the leg section, which en gages the grid groove formed by the marginal fillet and the ceiling surface 51 at the margin. The length of the two sections is such that on the one hand the marginal fillet and on the other hand the grid groove are overlapped. The parapet element 56 consists of two relatively angled adjacent parapet fillets 55, the length of each of whichis equal to the elementary grid length. Such elements are mounted on the corners.

The set of building elements is not limited to the quadrilateral floor elements. lDefining the floor elements, there may also be used polygonal floor elements, e.g., hexagonal ones together with triangular ones, which have to be provided on their upper sides with additional grid grooves, so that the wall elements may be arranged at right-angles to each other.

The positive interconnection of the floor elements may also be achieved by means of tongue fillets of other appropriate shapes complementary to the shape of the grooves in the edges of the floor elements, for example, where these grooves are of re-entrant T-shape, the tongue fillets would be of H-shaped cross-section. These variations, apparent to .an expert, are encompassed within the scope of the invention as is a construction of the floor elements in such a way that the margins of their upper portions are not rabbetted relative to those of the lower portions, and have semicylindrical portions, which together with those of the adjacent elements, form a grid-like arrangement of bores, in which pegs of the wall elements engage.

I claim:

1. In a model building erected from a set of building elements, a combination comprising a plurality of floor plates of right-angular outline each having a bottom portion circumferentially bounded by first edge surfaces, and a top portion having a top surface and circumferentially bounded by second edge surfaces parallel to and offset with respect to said first edge surfaces in direction toward the center of said top surface, each of said floor plates being formed with a peripheral L- shaped groove along each side, each of said grooves having one leg which opens on the respective first edge surface and another leg which extends upwardly toward said top surface of said floor plate inwardly of said first and second edge surfaces, said floor plates of said plurality being arranged adjacent one another with the associated first surfaces of any associated two of said floor plates juxtaposed with one another and with the legs which open on said associated first edge surfaces facing one another so that the respective L- shaped grooves together form a U-shaped channel, said bottom portions and said second edge surfaces of said associated floor plates simultaneously defining an upwardly open channel of a predetermined width at said top surfaces between said associated floor plates; a plurality of tongue fillets of U-sha-ped configuration inserted into the respective Ushaped channels of said as sociated floor plates and interconnecting the same to form a floor of a selectable configuration and circumferentially bounded by the marginal ones of said floor plates; a plurality of elongated marginal fillets each formed with an L-shaped projection inserted into the respective L-shaped grooves of said marginal floor plates and interconnecting the same in the circumferential direction of said floor and with an upstanding strip-shaped projection extending along the juxtaposed second edge surfaces of the respective marginal floor plates to form therewith an additional upwardly open channel of said predetermined width; and a plurality of wall elements having spaced parallel top and bottom edge surfaces, at least said bottom edge surface of each wall element being provided with at least one tongue projecting therefrom and having a width substantially corresponding to said predetermined width of said upwardly open channel, said tongues of at least certain of said wall elements being received in said additional upwardly open channels so that said certain wall elements form a center peripheral wall of said model building.

2. A set as defined in claim 1, and further comprising a parapet element for engaging a respective marginal fillet of said plurality of interconnected floor plates forming a flat roof, said marginal fillet defining at least a part of a marginal channel and said parapet element having at least one projection engaging said marginal channel.

3. A set as defined in claim 1, wherein said top edge surface of the respective wall element is provided with at least one additional tongue similar to said longitudinal tongue and projecting from said top edge surface;

8 and further comprising a plurality of top anchoring elements each provided with at least one anchoring groove having a width substantially correspondingto the width of said additional tongue for engagingthc same.

4. A set as defined in claim 3, and further comprising at least one wall crown element provided with a crown groove similar to said anchoring groove for engaging the respective additional tongue and having a crown projection similar to said longitudinal tongue for engaging the respective anchoring groove, whereby the upright dimension ofa respective wall element may be extended.

5. A set as defined in claim 3, wherein each top anchoring element has at least two end portions; and wherein each of said end portions is provided with a dovetail-type connector for cooperation with a complementary dovetail connector of an adjacent end portion of an associated top anchoring element.

6. A set as defined in claim 3, wherein at least one of said wall elements is a door element comprising a frame provided with a hole, a threshold, and a door having two spaced and axially aligned pegs on the upper and lower edge surfaces of said door and engaging said hole and said threshold for pivoting said door about said axis with respect to said frame.

* l l= I

Claims (6)

1. In a model building erected from a set of building elements, a combination comprising a plurality of floor plates of rightangular outline each having a bottom portion circumferentially bounded by first edge surfaces, and a top portion having a top surface and circumferentially bounded by second edge surfaces parallel to and offset with respect to said first edge surfaces in direction toward the center of said top surface, each of said floor plates being formed with a peripheral L-shaped groove along each side, each of said grooves having one leg which opens on the respective first edge surface and another leg which extends upwardly toward said top surface of said floor plate inwardly of said first and second edge surfaces, said floor plates of said plurality being arranged adjacent one another with the associated first surfaces of any associated two of said floor plates juxtaposed with one another and with the legs which open on said associated first edge surfaces facing one another so that the respective L-shaped grooves together form a U-shaped channel, said bottom portions and said second edge surfaces of said associated floor plates simultaneously defining an upwardly open channel of a predetermined width at said top surfaces between said associated floor plates; a plurality of tongue fillets of Ushaped configuration inserted into the respective U-shaped channels of said associated floor plates and interconnecting the same to form a floor of a selectable configuration and circumferentially bounded by the marginal ones of said floor plates; a plurality of elongated marginal fillets each formed with an L-shaped projection inserted into the respective L-shaped grooves of said marginal floor plates and interconnecting the same in the circumferential direction of said floor and with an upstanding strip-shaped projection extending along the juxtaposed second edge surfaces of the respective marginal floor plates to form therewith an additional upwardly open channel of said predetermined width; and a plurality of wall elements having spaced parallel top and bottom edge surfaces, at least said bottom edge surface of each wall element being provided with at least one tongue projecting therefrom and having a width substantially corresponding to said predetermined width of said upwardly open channel, said tongues of at least certain of said wall elements being received in said additional upwardly open channels so that said certain wall elements form a center peripheral wall of said model building.
2. A set as defined in claim 1, and further comprising a parapet element for engaging a respective marginal fillet of said plurality of interconnected floor plates forming a flat roof, said marginal fillet defining at least a part of a marginal channel and said parapet element having at least one projection engaging said marginal channel.
3. A set as defined in claim 1, wherein said top edge surface of the respective wall element is provided with at least one additional tongue similar to said longitudinal tongue and projecting from said top edge surface; and further comprising a plurality of top anchoring elements each provided with at least one anchoring groove having a width substantially corresponding to the width of said additional tongue for engaging the same.
4. A set as defined in claim 3, and further comprising at least one wall crown element provided with a crown groove similar to said anchoring groove for engaging the respective additional tongue and having a crown projection similar to sAid longitudinal tongue for engaging the respective anchoring groove, whereby the upright dimension of a respective wall element may be extended.
5. A set as defined in claim 3, wherein each top anchoring element has at least two end portions; and wherein each of said end portions is provided with a dovetail-type connector for cooperation with a complementary dovetail connector of an adjacent end portion of an associated top anchoring element.
6. A set as defined in claim 3, wherein at least one of said wall elements is a door element comprising a frame provided with a hole, a threshold, and a door having two spaced and axially aligned pegs on the upper and lower edge surfaces of said door and engaging said hole and said threshold for pivoting said door about said axis with respect to said frame.
US372410A 1972-06-23 1973-06-21 Building elements for models Expired - Lifetime US3902291A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19722230774 DE2230774B2 (en) 1972-06-23 1972-06-23 COMPONENT SET FOR BUILDING MODELS

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3902291A true US3902291A (en) 1975-09-02

Family

ID=5848592

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US372410A Expired - Lifetime US3902291A (en) 1972-06-23 1973-06-21 Building elements for models

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (1) US3902291A (en)
JP (1) JPS4962246A (en)
AU (1) AU5720173A (en)
CA (1) CA996347A (en)
CH (1) CH560060A5 (en)
DE (1) DE2230774B2 (en)
FR (1) FR2190305A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1431995A (en)
IT (1) IT988463B (en)
NL (1) NL7308742A (en)
ZA (1) ZA7304151B (en)

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4018021A (en) * 1974-09-13 1977-04-19 Jimmy Dow Building and method of making same
US4058909A (en) * 1976-10-18 1977-11-22 Victor Joseph Poleri Construction kit
US4074496A (en) * 1976-08-12 1978-02-21 Artur Fischer Composite plate
US4127971A (en) * 1977-05-16 1978-12-05 Rojo Jr Agustin Building constructed of precast L-shaped concrete units
US4176505A (en) * 1977-06-18 1979-12-04 Artur Fischer Connecting element
US4740185A (en) * 1986-11-17 1988-04-26 Inglee Philip R Toppling toy and construction set
US5222902A (en) * 1991-08-06 1993-06-29 The Ertl Company Interlocking blocks
USD383853S (en) * 1995-10-18 1997-09-16 Beckett Corporation Patio pond
US5713085A (en) * 1995-11-27 1998-02-03 Beckett Corporation Patio pond
US5876261A (en) * 1995-11-20 1999-03-02 Interlego Ag Building set for a toy building
WO1999029975A1 (en) * 1997-12-12 1999-06-17 George Norfleet Model building
US20020178669A1 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-12-05 Dzevad Harambasic Building structure utilising modular building elements
US6505452B1 (en) 1999-06-30 2003-01-14 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Panel and fastening system for panels
US20040082257A1 (en) * 2002-07-29 2004-04-29 Mattel, Inc. Toy building construction set
US6804926B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2004-10-19 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Method for laying and interlocking panels
US20040211143A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2004-10-28 Hans-Jurgen Hanning Panel and fastening system for such a panel
US20060185266A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2006-08-24 O'callaghan Patrick D Construction industry pods
US20070175138A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-08-02 Steven Jensen Low cost integrated dwelling structure and method of making same
US20070213960A1 (en) * 2006-01-12 2007-09-13 Freet Patrick A Loq.kit building component system
US20080172965A1 (en) * 2007-01-24 2008-07-24 Elmer's Products, Inc. User-configurable toy structure
US20080187889A1 (en) * 2007-01-22 2008-08-07 Kuhn Michael H Method and apparatus for an architectural design aid system
ES2357628A1 (en) * 2008-12-05 2011-04-28 Aridos Bahoto, S.L. Modular construction of postensed concrete parts. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
US20110099936A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 Jacob Cluff Interlocking building structure
US20120225603A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2012-09-06 Laurie Trinch Toy building structure
US8468752B2 (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-06-25 Calvin Lin Prefabricated structural parts for creating a small structure
US20150072587A1 (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-03-12 Noah J. Ornstein Magnetic Building Tiles
US9175703B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2015-11-03 Unilin, Bvba Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9308464B1 (en) 2014-02-20 2016-04-12 Mattel, Inc. Set of building components
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9719542B2 (en) 2010-06-03 2017-08-01 Unilin, Bvba Composed element and corner connection applied herewith
US20180051473A1 (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-02-22 Wade M. Lescord Platform system with moveable dividers
US9919235B2 (en) * 2014-09-15 2018-03-20 The Upper Deck Company Card-like structure and connector toys for building
US10058791B2 (en) 2016-03-07 2018-08-28 George McKinley Norfleet Wall assembly and alignment clips for assembling miniature model buildings
USD832366S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2018-10-30 Box Tiles Llc Toy connector
US10156067B2 (en) * 2015-12-03 2018-12-18 Clemson University Research Foundation Building framing system
US20190100910A1 (en) * 2016-03-22 2019-04-04 Glavloc Build Systems Limited A construction system
US10258896B2 (en) 2013-09-10 2019-04-16 Box Tiles Llc Magnetic building tiles
US10293512B2 (en) 2011-06-29 2019-05-21 Unilin Bvba Drawer, drawer construction and method for manufacturing a drawer
USD867263S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2019-11-19 Box Tiles Llc Toy building frame
USD868170S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2019-11-26 Box Tiles Llc Toy bridge clip
USD868169S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2019-11-26 Box Tiles Llc Toy building panel
USD884802S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2020-05-19 Box Tiles Llc Toy building panel

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2139397A (en) * 1983-05-05 1984-11-07 Leslie Charles Wisdom Space planning system
GB8707042D0 (en) * 1987-03-25 1987-04-29 Barton C Toy construction set
DK130195A (en) * 1995-11-20 1997-05-21 Lego As Building kit for a toy building

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1449529A (en) * 1922-03-14 1923-03-27 John W Dawkins Interlocking block
US1985992A (en) * 1933-07-14 1935-01-01 Milton E Hayman Building blocks
US2204319A (en) * 1937-03-11 1940-06-11 Gertrude E Byer Building construction
US2534501A (en) * 1947-10-04 1950-12-19 Coleman Howard Vehicle body construction
US3146497A (en) * 1959-11-16 1964-09-01 Donald H Short Building structure
US3254402A (en) * 1962-05-09 1966-06-07 Cavitron Ultrasonics Inc Method and apparatus for joining sheet materials
US3305982A (en) * 1963-11-13 1967-02-28 Ralph B Gookins Interlocking block building construction
US3712004A (en) * 1970-10-12 1973-01-23 V Loebsack Building construction system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1449529A (en) * 1922-03-14 1923-03-27 John W Dawkins Interlocking block
US1985992A (en) * 1933-07-14 1935-01-01 Milton E Hayman Building blocks
US2204319A (en) * 1937-03-11 1940-06-11 Gertrude E Byer Building construction
US2534501A (en) * 1947-10-04 1950-12-19 Coleman Howard Vehicle body construction
US3146497A (en) * 1959-11-16 1964-09-01 Donald H Short Building structure
US3254402A (en) * 1962-05-09 1966-06-07 Cavitron Ultrasonics Inc Method and apparatus for joining sheet materials
US3305982A (en) * 1963-11-13 1967-02-28 Ralph B Gookins Interlocking block building construction
US3712004A (en) * 1970-10-12 1973-01-23 V Loebsack Building construction system

Cited By (78)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4018021A (en) * 1974-09-13 1977-04-19 Jimmy Dow Building and method of making same
US4074496A (en) * 1976-08-12 1978-02-21 Artur Fischer Composite plate
US4058909A (en) * 1976-10-18 1977-11-22 Victor Joseph Poleri Construction kit
US4127971A (en) * 1977-05-16 1978-12-05 Rojo Jr Agustin Building constructed of precast L-shaped concrete units
US4176505A (en) * 1977-06-18 1979-12-04 Artur Fischer Connecting element
US4740185A (en) * 1986-11-17 1988-04-26 Inglee Philip R Toppling toy and construction set
US5222902A (en) * 1991-08-06 1993-06-29 The Ertl Company Interlocking blocks
USD383853S (en) * 1995-10-18 1997-09-16 Beckett Corporation Patio pond
US5876261A (en) * 1995-11-20 1999-03-02 Interlego Ag Building set for a toy building
US5713085A (en) * 1995-11-27 1998-02-03 Beckett Corporation Patio pond
WO1999029975A1 (en) * 1997-12-12 1999-06-17 George Norfleet Model building
US6073404A (en) * 1997-12-12 2000-06-13 Norfleet; George Model building
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US6505452B1 (en) 1999-06-30 2003-01-14 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Panel and fastening system for panels
US8038363B2 (en) 1999-06-30 2011-10-18 Akzenta Paneele+Profile GmbH Panel and panel fastening system
US7896571B1 (en) 1999-06-30 2011-03-01 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Panel and panel fastening system
US20090126308A1 (en) * 1999-06-30 2009-05-21 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Panel and panel fastening system
US20070011981A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-01-18 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Method for laying and interlocking panels
US6804926B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2004-10-19 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Method for laying and interlocking panels
US20050005559A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2005-01-13 Akzenta Paneele+ Profile Gmbh Method for laying and interlocking panels
US7065935B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2006-06-27 Akzenta Paneele & Profile Gmbh Method for laying and interlocking panels
US7856789B2 (en) * 1999-07-02 2010-12-28 Akzenta Paneele & Profile Gmbh Method for laying and interlocking panels
US6802160B2 (en) * 1999-11-29 2004-10-12 Dzevad Harambasic Building structure utilizing modular building elements
US20020178669A1 (en) * 1999-11-29 2002-12-05 Dzevad Harambasic Building structure utilising modular building elements
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9677285B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-06-13 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US10626619B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2020-04-21 Unilin Nordic Ab Flooring material
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US20040211143A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2004-10-28 Hans-Jurgen Hanning Panel and fastening system for such a panel
US7451578B2 (en) 2001-08-10 2008-11-18 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Panel and fastening system for such a panel
US20040082257A1 (en) * 2002-07-29 2004-04-29 Mattel, Inc. Toy building construction set
US6746297B2 (en) 2002-07-29 2004-06-08 Mattel, Inc. Toy building construction set
US7694462B2 (en) * 2003-10-24 2010-04-13 Thin Floor Pods Limited Construction industry pods
US20060185266A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2006-08-24 O'callaghan Patrick D Construction industry pods
US20070175138A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-08-02 Steven Jensen Low cost integrated dwelling structure and method of making same
US20070213960A1 (en) * 2006-01-12 2007-09-13 Freet Patrick A Loq.kit building component system
US8353131B2 (en) * 2006-01-12 2013-01-15 Freet Patrick A Loq-kit building component system
US20080187889A1 (en) * 2007-01-22 2008-08-07 Kuhn Michael H Method and apparatus for an architectural design aid system
US8113840B2 (en) * 2007-01-22 2012-02-14 SnapHouse, LLC Method and apparatus for an architectural design aid system
US20080172965A1 (en) * 2007-01-24 2008-07-24 Elmer's Products, Inc. User-configurable toy structure
ES2357628A1 (en) * 2008-12-05 2011-04-28 Aridos Bahoto, S.L. Modular construction of postensed concrete parts. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
US9797427B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2017-10-24 Unilin, Bvba Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element
US9347470B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2016-05-24 Unilin, Bvba Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element
US10323670B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2019-06-18 Unilin, Bvba Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element
US9695856B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2017-07-04 Unilin, Bvba Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element
US10731689B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2020-08-04 Unilin, Bvba Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element
US9175703B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2015-11-03 Unilin, Bvba Composed element, multi-layered board and panel-shaped element for forming this composed element
US20110099936A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 Jacob Cluff Interlocking building structure
US8281529B2 (en) * 2009-11-05 2012-10-09 Jacob Cluff Interlocking building structure
US20120225603A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2012-09-06 Laurie Trinch Toy building structure
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9719542B2 (en) 2010-06-03 2017-08-01 Unilin, Bvba Composed element and corner connection applied herewith
US10293512B2 (en) 2011-06-29 2019-05-21 Unilin Bvba Drawer, drawer construction and method for manufacturing a drawer
US8468752B2 (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-06-25 Calvin Lin Prefabricated structural parts for creating a small structure
US9314707B2 (en) * 2013-09-10 2016-04-19 Box Tiles Llc Magnetic building tiles
US20150072587A1 (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-03-12 Noah J. Ornstein Magnetic Building Tiles
US10258896B2 (en) 2013-09-10 2019-04-16 Box Tiles Llc Magnetic building tiles
US9308464B1 (en) 2014-02-20 2016-04-12 Mattel, Inc. Set of building components
US10709998B2 (en) 2014-09-15 2020-07-14 The Upper Deck Company Card-like structure and connector toys for building
US9919235B2 (en) * 2014-09-15 2018-03-20 The Upper Deck Company Card-like structure and connector toys for building
US10156067B2 (en) * 2015-12-03 2018-12-18 Clemson University Research Foundation Building framing system
US10058791B2 (en) 2016-03-07 2018-08-28 George McKinley Norfleet Wall assembly and alignment clips for assembling miniature model buildings
US20190100910A1 (en) * 2016-03-22 2019-04-04 Glavloc Build Systems Limited A construction system
US10724232B2 (en) * 2016-03-22 2020-07-28 Glavloc Build Systems Limited Construction system
US10557275B2 (en) * 2016-08-18 2020-02-11 Wade M. Lescord Platform system with moveable dividers
US20180051473A1 (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-02-22 Wade M. Lescord Platform system with moveable dividers
USD867263S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2019-11-19 Box Tiles Llc Toy building frame
USD832366S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2018-10-30 Box Tiles Llc Toy connector
USD884802S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2020-05-19 Box Tiles Llc Toy building panel
USD900246S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2020-10-27 Squaregles Llc Toy building panel
USD868170S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2019-11-26 Box Tiles Llc Toy bridge clip
USD868169S1 (en) 2017-06-29 2019-11-26 Box Tiles Llc Toy building panel

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA996347A (en) 1976-09-07
CH560060A5 (en) 1975-03-27
DE2230774B2 (en) 1976-06-16
IT988463B (en) 1975-04-10
AU5720173A (en) 1975-01-09
NL7308742A (en) 1973-12-27
GB1431995A (en) 1976-04-14
CA996347A1 (en)
ZA7304151B (en) 1974-06-26
FR2190305A5 (en) 1974-01-25
DE2230774A1 (en) 1974-01-17
JPS4962246A (en) 1974-06-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4283892A (en) Metal construction stud and wall system incorporating the same
US4416097A (en) Universal beam construction system
US3547472A (en) Connector means and like elements for juncture purposes
EP0830484B1 (en) Interconnectable formwork elements
US3738083A (en) Prefabricated house
US3835614A (en) Suspension system
US2363405A (en) Building construction
US5157892A (en) Structural interlocking joint system
CA2459936C (en) Building wall element
US3866381A (en) Extruded columnar frame for partitions, walls and enclosures
US3267626A (en) Composite panel with insulating insert
US3180459A (en) Demountable sectional partition
US4891925A (en) Interconnected construction blocks
US5289665A (en) Orthogonal framework for modular building systems
US6665994B1 (en) Self-aligning building blocks
CA1307899C (en) Building frame construction
US4038796A (en) Wall panel assembly
US2205730A (en) Building construction
US3641720A (en) Prefabricated building construction with interfitting stud splines
US3791090A (en) Building block
US3483665A (en) Dry wall two-piece stud structure
US3962842A (en) Mortarless interlocking blocks
US4270302A (en) Construction toy
US3786612A (en) Angle connectors for modular beam structures
EP1140309B1 (en) A building element for a toy building set