US3896506A - Breast prosthesis - Google Patents

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US3896506A
US3896506A US54068175A US3896506A US 3896506 A US3896506 A US 3896506A US 54068175 A US54068175 A US 54068175A US 3896506 A US3896506 A US 3896506A
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Prior art keywords
breast
body portion
brassiere
adapted
form
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George Hankin
Helen A Hankin
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George Hankin
Helen A Hankin
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41CCORSETS; BRASSIERES
    • A41C3/00Brassieres
    • A41C3/12Component parts
    • A41C3/14Stiffening or bust-forming inserts
    • A41C3/148Prosthetic brassieres
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41CCORSETS; BRASSIERES
    • A41C3/00Brassieres
    • A41C3/0028Brassieres with size and configuration adjustment means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41CCORSETS; BRASSIERES
    • A41C3/00Brassieres
    • A41C3/0092Brassieres with different cup sizes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41CCORSETS; BRASSIERES
    • A41C3/00Brassieres
    • A41C3/10Brassieres with stiffening or bust-forming inserts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/52Mammary prostheses

Abstract

A surgical breast prosthesis adapted to be worn inside of a specially constructed brassiere comprising: a distended hermetically-sealed casing of substantially impervious material containing an elastic filling of a soft fluid gel, the casing including a substantially conical breast body portion adapted to fit into and to be worn inside the breast cup of the brassiere and including a laterally projecting tongue portion formed as an integral extension of the breast body portion, the tongue portion being of substantially uniform thickness throughout its extent and having a front face curved slightly rearwardly from its inner end to its outer end relative to the breast body portion and terminating in a substantially straight rearward marginal edge, with flow interrupting means in the form of a plurality of projections of varying lengths disposed within the breast body portion for allowing the prosthesis to change shape readily but with a minimum of any visible change in shape due to movements of the wearer, the tongue portion being adapted for tucking within the breast body portion for varying the size and shape of the latter or for fitting the area of the body of the wearer which is below the underarm and from which any tissue may have been removed as an incident to breast removal.

Description

United States Patent [191 Hankin Iet al.

[ 51 July 29,1975

1 BREAST PROSTHESIS [7.6] inventors: George iianltin; Helen A. iiankin,

both of Box 32, Foster Rd., Southwick, Mass. 01077 22 Filed: 1.11.13.1915

[211 App]. No.: 540,681

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 435,229, Jan. 21,

[52] 11.8. C1. 3/36; 128/462; 128/478; 128/479 [51] int. Cl. A611 1/24; A41C 3/10 [58] Field of Search 3/36; 128/462, 478-481 [56] References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 2,542,619 2/1951 Bernhardt..... 2,814,808 12/1957 Berman 3,196,464 7/1965 McKee 3,301,260 1/1967 Ray 3,494,365 2/1970 Beals 3,600,718 8/1971 Boone 3,665,520 5/1972 Pcrras et al...... 3,701,168 10/1972 Balow 3/36 Primary Examiner-Ronald L. Frinks Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ross, Ross & Flavin [57 1 ABSTRACT A surgical breast prosthesis adapted to be worn inside of a specially constructed brassiere comprising: a distended hermetically-sealed casing of substantially impervious material containing an elastic filling of a soft fluid gel, the casing including a substantially conical breast body portion adapted to fit into and to be worn inside the breast cup of the brassiere and including a laterally projecting tongue portion formed as an integral extension of the breast body portion, the tongue portion being of substantially uniform thickness throughout its extent and having a front face curved slightly rearwardiy from its inner end to its outer end relative to the breast body portion and terminating in a substantially straight rearward marginal edge, with fiow interrupting means in the form of a plurality of proftions of varying lengths disposed within the brea body portion for allowing the prosthesis to chan e shape readily but with a minimum of any visible change in shape due to movements of the wearer, the tongue portion being adapted for tucking within the breast body portion for varying the size and shape of the latter or for fitting the area of the body of the wearer which is below the underarm and from which any tissue may have been removed as an incident to breast removal.

2 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENTED JUL 2 9 I975 FIG.5.

FIG.4.

FIG.3.

BREAST PROSTHESIS This is a continuation-in-part of my copending application Ser. No. 435,229. filed Jan. 21, 1974.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a prosthesis-which simulates a surgically-removed breast and which is formed and held in situ by a specially designed brassiere.

In the case of a radical mastectomy, a considerable amountof auxiliary tissue is removed wherefore a rela tively large quantity of padding" in the underarm area is needed in order to afford the patient a reasonable degree of physical comfort. .A lobe extension or tongue portion of this invention allows compensation for that feeling of need by allowing a prolongation of the prosthesis which extends outwardly from the breast area to ward the axilla region of the anatomy. This prolongation may be varied as needed to overlie the pectoral muscle and to offer a feeling of fullness to the wearer.

A principal object hereof is to help to offset the usual feeling of loss by providing a breast form comprising a main breast portion or body bulge part with a lateral underarm extension or tongue portion, which portions are fitted to the interior wall of a cup of a brassiere to give the form and feel of a natural breast.

THE PRIOR ART A common way to form a prosthesis is to insert some type of lightweight filler into a thin case of cloth or nient. Others have tended to slip embarrassingly or to become bulky at the top and to make their artificiality obvious. In other cases, the artificial breast has not maintained the proper shape and has appeared out of line or in a different shape than the other natural breast.

it is an object of the present invention to provide anartificial breast which corrects all of the above-noted difficulties. it is a further object to provide a new artificial breast which fits snugly against the chest and does not shift about. it is a further object to provide a new artificial breast which maintains its proper shape by means of its supporting brassiere. That is, the artificial breast hereof is not preshaped; it is shaped by the brassiere which supports it.

Certain prior art references handle the problem of varying gel densities within a prosthesis by the use of separate packages or compartments thereof, which packages or compartments are combined together to form the prosthesis. Such separate packages or compartments are costly in their construction. Such are eliminated in the structure hereof, the prosthesis being made in a single operation using a single compartment or package.

Various challenges have been involved in the work of development. One of them has been to retain the prosthesis in position against the body. One type of prosthesis used for this purpose consists of a hollow container made of a rubberlike synthetic plastic material molded to the desired size and shape. lt is then filled with a liquid plastic material which can be cured; and after curing, becomes a fluid gel. This provides the desired degree of softness and resiliency. However, because the fluid gel inside the prosthesis does not have enough ridigity to retain a particular shape, it shifts when the wearer changes position. as between lying down and standing up. The membrane or wall of the container is sufficiently flexible that it permits a certain change in shape under the shifting weight of the gel. A prosthesis of this character sometimes produces wrinkles in the upper portion and tends to bulge excessively in the lower portion whenthe wearer stands or leans forward even though it is properly shaped when the wearer is lying down. When. held in position against the chest. these wrinkles become visible from the outside and. along with the bulge towards the bottom of the prosthesis, are undesirable from a cosmetic viewpoint. Furthermore, the shifting of the contents makes the prosthesis uncomfortable to wear. It is a general object of the invention to overcome the shift in position of the contents and the consequent change in shape when a highly mobile fluid gel is used as a filler.

SUMMARY This invention provides a prosthesis for use by mastectomy patients which has the advantages of the best previously available prostheses without their disadvantages.

The device is of body weight, resilient, compressible. moisture vapor-transmitting, soft, and nonirritating once placed, it so remains and does not move within the enclosing cup of the brassiere. performing its function in an effective, yet inconspicuous, manner.

Constant-volume pads for assimilating the contour of a natural breast are known and have been used both for cosmetic purposes and also prosthetically by breast amputees. However, constant-volume breast pads have one serious limitation in the sense that they should be custom-made to complement the physical endowments of the prospective wearer in order to provide the desired cosmetic effects, and this means expense.

A variable-volume breast pad might readily lend itself for wearing by variously endowed feminine forms. However, the volumetric variability of many prior art pads requires an uncomfortable fluid-impervious baglike structure that is inflated to the desired degree with pressurized air or liquid so as to be uncomfortable to wear, difficult to maintain in a sanitary and cleansed condition, and apt to leak and deflate.

Accordingly, one object hereof is to provide a variable volume breast pad that overcomes the objections and disadvantages of the prior art and that will provide for a wide range of female human subjects a contour closely assimilating that of a natural well-developed breast.

it is a further object to provide a body weight variable volume breast pad that can be worn comfortably and unobtrusively both by those with under-developed breasts for cosmetic purposes, and by single or double breast amputees as an orthopedic appliance.

It is another object to provide a prosthesis which overcomes the shift in position of the contents and the consequent change in shape when a highly mobile gel is used as a filler.

Another important feature is the provision of means to insure that the prosthesis will remain consistently in the same location on the body of the wearer. Thus, means must be provided for the brassiere to snugly grip the prosthesis by way of being supported upwardly from beneath by a band of the brassiere which encircles the top of the artificial breast will remain firmly pressed against the body of the wearer and that it will also be properly encapsulated at least on its forward face by the brassiere breast cup.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. I is a front perspective view showing the artificial breast of the invention as applied to the breast of a wearer;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the artificial breast.

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the FIG. 2 breast;

FIG. 4 is a top plan view showing a tuck taken in the FIG. 2 breast;

FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of the FIG. 4 breast;

FIG. 6 is a part-sectional side elevational view of the brassiere of FIG. I; and

FIG. 7 is a rear perspective view of the brassiere of FIG. I.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EM BODIMENT The prosthesis comprises a casing which includes a generally planoconvex or conoidal bust portion 10 and a laterally-extending lobe portion or extension 12 which, when the device is placed in position lies at the side of or above the breast, so as to greatly facilitate the production of a symmetrical simulated breast.

The central generally rounded or circular enlargement in the form of bust portion 10 merges smoothly into the generally flattened lobe portion or extension 12 and an apertured rear panel 14 on the side opposite from bust portion 10 and lobe portion 12.

The bust portion has a continuous and smooth annular periphery interrupted only at one side by the lobe extension.

FIG. 2 shows the one-piece casing of which the breast is partially formed; the casing representing a hollow closed shell or container having a wall of a soft flexible material which is impervious to human tissues and likewise impervious to the secondary material which fills the casing.

The situation normally obtains that a woman who has had her left or right breast or both breasts removed has a need for a proper breast form. The solution hereof lies in the fact that the breast form can be used for either side; thus one form replaces the normal two.

One of the main features allows for the ready adjustment of the artificial breast, same being of a variable volume type to compensate for differences in appearance, size and other characteristics between a real breast and an artificial breast or between two artificial breasts.

The casing is made of a rupture-proof plastic and pliable material that has characteristics that'resemble-that of the normal human breast such as softness, resiliency and elasticity. A suitable material has been found to be silicone rubber, although the specific material forms no part of the invention.

The casing preferentially is of a material which can withstand washing. even boiling as in an autoclave and may be variously colored so as to more closely simulate the flesh of a particular wearer and it may be otherwise treated to lend thereto a realistic appearance.

The casing mustlook realistic, conform to the body. react to various movements of the body. and b' compatible with the filler material therewithin. It must be a membranous material of highest clinical value which, when in contact with the post mastectomy tissues, is non-reactive and will contain no harmful plasticizers or softening agents.

Such casing preferentially will have a wall thickness in the order of 2-4 millimeters.

Desirably. the form of prosthesis should achieve a peak above the outboard portion of the breast and should achieve a maximum lateral extension for disposition toward or under and below the adjacent armpit with the intervening portion having a curvature which conforms to that of the armpit. By having a side flange which extends toward or under the armpit and around the side of the body, it is possible to provide a breast which will closely conform itself to the body and which will-more readily retain itself upon the body.

Lobe extension 12 is of such configuration that it may be tucked or pocketed inwardly upon itself so as to be extended inwardly into the casing interior between rear panel 14 and bust portion 10, as best shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, so that the wearer is enabled to posi tion the prosthesis behind a brassiere of the under-thebreast-supporting-type as shown. in FIG. 1, 6 and 7, thereby eliminating the need for the usual pockets, straps and special attachments.

The brassiere creates a desirable bust and prosthesis supporting contour by means of an inner structure in which a pair of interconnected chest engaging strips is positioned on the chest immediately beneath the breasts and is held in such position by a means passing around the back of the wearer and interconnecting the free ends of those strips. To the top of each strip is sewn a bust supporting band having an inwardly bowed lower edge surface.

The stitching of the inwardly bowed bottom edge surface of each bust supporting band to the straight upper edge surface of the chest engaging strips distends the bands to form the desired bust supporting contour.

A truss type of structure is used in the suspension of the bust supporting bands to carry most of the stress developed in the bands and to apply this stress in a useful manner to the flesh of the wearer. More specifically, a truss triangle is formed at the end of each band and is positioned at the back ends of the breasts underneath the arms of the wearer. The band stress is carried by a diagonal seam which causes the truss triangle to exert inward, forward, and slightly upward forces on the adjacent flesh to urge more of the breast flesh and prosthesis into the-brassiere cup, but with complete comfort. Since more of the breast flesh and prosthesis is now contained within the brassiere cup. a flexure type of seam is used at the juncture between adjacent ends of the bust supporting hands and of the chest engaging strips so that this scam will lay against the chest wall between the breasts, natural or artificial. thereby providing a desirable breast separation.

Interaction of the structural principles results in a brassiere which provides improved figure control and breast separation with complete comfort while containing more breast flesh and avoiding underarm bulges.

FIG. 7 illustrates the manner in which the bust supporting bands and chest engaging strips are incorporated. A narrow elastic bodyencircling band 18 is provided-to encircle the chest of the wearer and to define the bottom edge of the brassiere.. Elastic gussets 28 and 29 areprovided at the end portions of the body encircling band 18. The end of the gusset 29 is provided with fastening hooks 30. A fabric strip 31, to which are mounted a plurality of eyelets 32, isstitched to the other end of band 18 and to gusset 28 to provide the usual adjustable fastening means. I

The lower edge surfaces of a pair of generally trapezoidal back panels 33 and 34 are stitched to band 18, the shorter end of the panelsbeing stitched to respective gussets 28 and 29, the longer end on the panels extending around the back of the wearer to ,a point beneath the arms. The length of back panels 33 and 34 is determined by the brassiere size. These back panels are desired to extend to the back of the breasts of the wearer.

t The lowermost end of a vertically extending fabric strip 19 is stitched to band. 18 to define the mid point of -,the brassiere, the fabric strip 19 being centered between the breasts. The lower edge portions of the'chest engaging strips and the lower ends of the triangular portions of the bust supporting bands are stitched to body encircling band 18 on either side of strip 19 with end surfaces 13 and 23 of the bust supporting bands stitched to strip 19. The ends 13 and 23 of the bust supporting bands are individually sewn to strip 19 to provide an individual hinging action which would not otherwise occur. This desired hinging action enables band 18 and elastic strips 15 and 25 to hold center strip 19 substantially flat against the chest wall between the breasts, thereby providing desirable bust separation.

band and chest engaging strip. The central seam 55 is not secured to the vertical strip 19, except by the bottom edgestitching of the cups. The outermost edge of A vertically extending strip 38 is sewn to the inside of the brassiere, covering the seam at the juncture between the longer end of back panel 33 and bust encircling band 36. A similar vertical strip 39 is stitched to adjoining portions of back panel 34 and bust encircling band 37. Bust supporting band is stitched as at 41 to strip 38. The stitching 41 extends vertically and defines the third side of the triangular end portion ll of band 10. in a similar manner, bust supporting band is stitched as at 42 to vertical strip 39. in this manner, the triangular end portions of the bust supporting bands form truss structures to carry the bust supporting band stresses.

A fabric loop 46 is sewn to the vertex of the bust encircling band 36, the loop 46 being provided with a buckle 47. in a similar manner, the vertex of the bust encircling band 37 is provided with a loop 48 and a buckle 49. One end of a shoulder strap 51 is sewn to the elastic gusset 28, the other end of the shoulder strap being threaded through the buckle 47 to provide an adjustment of strap length. A shoulder strap 52 is connected in a similar manner to the gusset 29 and the buckle 49.

A pair of identically constructed bust containing cups 53 and 54 are connected together at a central seam 55. Each of cups 53 and 54 is fabricated from two or more pieces of material cut and sewn to provide a generally cup-shaped contour, in accordance with well known brassiere practices. These cups perform the bust containing function. The cups are stitched to the brassiere the cup 53 is stitched to the large end of the back panel 33 in alignment with the vertical strip 38, the outermost end of the cup 54 being aligned with the vertical strip 39 and stitched to the large end of the back panel 34. Thus. when the cup loops are disengaged from the buckles, the cups can be dropped forward, as shown in FIG. 7.

To put the brassiere on. the cups 53 and 54 are dropped to the open position and the brassiere is put on by positioning the elastic band 18 about the chest and immediately beneath the breast flesh and the fastening hooks 30 engaged with the proper eyelets 32. The breasts real or artificial are manipulated so that the breasts protrude through the openings defined between the bust encircling bands and the bust supporting bands. The shoulder straps are then adjusted and the cups brought up into position and there secured by engaging each of the cup loops with its associated buckle.

The bust supporting bands, which are constructed of heavier material than the rest of the brassiere. are positioned at the bottom of the breasts and adjacent the chest wall, whereby the bust supporting bands provide the main support for the breasts. The bust encircling bands and shoulder straps form a harness assemblage which maintains the bust supporting bands in the proper position. the bust encircling strap defining the lateral perimeter of bust confinement. The main band stress is carried by the diagonally stitched seam of the triangular portion of the bust supporting bands. This is different from the ordinary brassiere wherein the bust supporting stresses are distributed throughout the breast cups and the back panels, together with a typical bunching of flesh above the side and back panel. in the present brassiere structure. on the other hand. the breast'support stress. which is concentrated in the truss triangles at the back of the breasts and underneath the arms, is usefully applied to push the additional breast flesh forward into the brassiere cups instead of bulging upwards. The length of the triangle hypotenuse is not.

critical, although it has been found that the angle between the hypotenuse and the base of the triangle (along the band 18) should not be greater than about in order to provide the desired control. As previously stated, the brassiere cups provide primarily a breast containing function to shape and direct the properly supported breast flesh. it has been found that since more of the breast flesh is now contained within the brassiere cups, a larger cup size is usually required for proper fitting of the present invention brassiere.

A typical problem encountered in brassieres of the larger cup sizes is the difficulty in maintaining the central vertical seam of the brassiere flat against the chest wall between the breasts to achieve desirable breast separation. This problem has been overcome in the present brassiere by individually sewing the ends of the bust supporting bands and adjacent portions of the bust encircling bands to the central strip 19 to provide a hinge type of action which facilitates bending of the material at the seam. in the very large cup sizes the ends of the bust supporting bands will be quite wide (since there is much more breast flesh to support) and extend almost to the top of the vertical strip 19, whereby the hinge action becomes even more pronounced.

The wearer first tightens the lower band of. the brassiere tightly around her person and below the breasts erly adjusted so as to accommodate a simulate'dbreast of the desired configuration with the lobe-like extension of the artificial breast then being tucked in only to that extent or degree necessaryto give the desired fullness to the simulated breast. This having been determined. the brassiere is then further tightened around the body so as to enclose and hold in situ the tucked in lobe-like extension. 1

A single prosthesis may be readily adapted to suit any specific situation from one where only a breast proper may have been removed. in which case a rounded form of prosthesis may be required or to one where not only a breast proper but also the adjacent lymph gland may have been removed. in which case a prosthesis having a foreshortened portion of a lobe extension may be made available for placement in situ. Or the situation may be one where the full length of the lateral extension may be needed to more properly fill in the underarm area in which case the form (as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3) may best serve.

The salient point is that the prosthesis is enabled to accommodate to any given situation, the basic shape being adapted to be varied by the inversion of a lateral lobe extension into the form base to change the external shape from a greatly elongated form to a foreshortened elongated form or to a round form. as necessity may dictate. The prosthesis has the further advantage that it may be disposed horizontally (wherefore the lobe extension may be extended into the armpit) or vertically (wherefor the lobe extension may be extended toward the clavicle.

The casing is shaped to as near the actual shape of the removed breast as it is possible to come with respect to diameter and depth. Understandably, it is not necessary to make an exact reproduction of the removed breast. it being sufiicient to employ, for a specific case, a casing from a range of some 150 different sizes which comes closest to the dimensions and configuration of the removed breast.

For the reason that, in actual practice, the prosthesis will be supported by and covered by the cup (of proper size) of a bra, an approximation as to size of easing will suffice.

That casing is filled with the appropriate gel G, silicone gel having been found to be most suitable.

It should be understood that in some cases a harder or softer material can be advantageously employed. However, regardless of the precise penetrometer readings of the gel. the material is desirably sufficiently soft and flexible to approximate the consistency of the natural breast. In addition, the gel material should be inert with respect to the casing. brassiere in The filling is of such a nature as to hold the walls of the casing distended, but yet be capable of yielding and responding to pressure, thus making the breast comfortable for a wearer and facilitating a realistic action and appearance.

By the construction hereof, with a very soft skinlike silicone rubber being used, the lobe extension or a part thereof may be readily inverted and pocketed so as to change the external configuration to any desired shape. That is. the solution as to varying the depth of the form 8 lies in the capability of the inversion of one part of the form intoanother. it being aspossible to invert a portion of the. conoidalbust portion 10 into the lobe-like portion [2 as it is toji nverta part or all of the lobe-like portion. into the breast portion, all whereby almost an entire bra size range may accommodated by a single breast'"form'. v

The-interior of the casingis interspersed with a plurality of spaced breakwaters" or interruptersor stabilizers'inthefo'rm of projections of protuberances projecting outwardly of a circulargdomed base or support 62 which'is secured to the rear wall panel 14 at the aperture thereof by being sealed therearound.

The projections or protuberances 60 are arranged in a criss crossformation and project outwardly from a pair of crossing ribs 61 which extend across the diameter, of the circular base or support 62 at right angles to each other and which rise slightly in an arcuate manner from each end of the rib toward the center in a crown or dome manner, the crossing point of the ribs being the highest point of the ribs from the plane of the circular base or support 62.

The projections 60 are equi-spaced as to each other and are preferably of equal lengths. They may bemade of a material similar to the casing wall so that they have the characteristics of flexiblity and resiliency.

The interrupters or stabilizers comprise a generally cross shaped array of outwardly projecting pins which protrude a substantial distance into the interior of the container from the rearward facethereof. They protrude a distance of atleast a quarter of the thickness of the container from the back wall to the front wall.

The purpose of the projections is to increase the surface area of the mass and the container enclosing the mass relative to the volume of the mass.

This imparts a greater displacement to the contained mass, conforming the displacement properties of the prosthesis more closely to the soft feel of a human bo' som.

The projections function as breakwaters and serve to interrupt the flow of the gel as the wearer changes positions as for instance in moving from side to side or in turning around or in changing between standing and prone positions during which movements the gel anticipatorily can be expected to shift in its position and to flow in varying degrees and at varying speeds from one area to another within the casing. By interrupting the gel flow and causing it to pass between the breakwaters, it is slowed down in its travel so that changes of easing shape are accordingly slowed down and a visible change in shape to normal movements of the wearer is minimized.

As a further addition. a plurality of pads of various sizes can be provided each for use within the brassiere and disposed behind the breast body protion for extending the depth of the body portion.

l claim:

1. The cooperating combination of a prosthetic breast form and a supporting undergarment therefor adapted to restore the human female figure and provide a symmetrical foundation for outer garments after the figure has been subjected to a mastectomy, said combination comprising a prosthetic breast form, a brassiere, means cooperatively formed on said breast form and said brassiere for securing said breast form and said brassiere in their required relative positions the breast form including a distended hermeticallysealed casing of subtantially impervious material containing an elastic gel filling. the casing consisting of a substantially conical substitute breast body portion adapted to fit into and to be worn inside the breast cup of the brassiere and a laterally projecting tongue formed as an integral extension of the substitute breast body portion and a back portion adapted to be worn against the body of the figure. the tongue being of substantially uniform thickness throughout its extent and having a front face curved slightly rearwardly from its inner end to its outer end relative to the body portion and terminating in a substantially straight rearward marginal edge, interrupting means in the form of a plurality of spaced apart projections projecting from a pair of crossed ribs disposed within the substitute breast body portion and adapted for the flow of gel therebetween, the tongue being adapted for tucking into the substitute breast body portion for varying the size and shape of the latter or for fitting the area of the body of the wearer which is below the underarm and from which tissue has been removed as an incident to breast removal.

2. A surgical breast prosthesis according to claim 1. including a plurality of pads of various sizes each for use within the brassiere and disposed behind the body portion for extending the depth of the body portion I t I! i

Claims (2)

1. The cooperating combination of a prosthetic breast form and a supporting undergarment therefor adapted to restore the human female figure and provide a symmetrical foundation for outer garments after the figure has been subjected to a mastectomy, said combination comprising a prosthetic breast form, a brassiere, means cooperatively formed on said breast form and said brassiere for securing said breast form and said brassiere in their required relative positions the breast form including a distended hermetically-sealed casing of subtantially impervious material containing an elastic gel filling, the casing consisting of a substantially conical substitute breast body portion adapted to fit into and to be worn inside the breast cup of the brassiere and a laterally projecting tongue formed as an integral extension of the substitute breast body portion and a back portion adapted to be worn against the body of the figure, the tongue being of substantially uniform thickness throughout its extent and having a front face curved slightly rearwardly from its inner end to its outer end relative to the body portion and terminating in a substantially straight rearward marginal edge, interrupting means in the form of a plurality of spaced apart projections projecting from a pair of crossed ribs disposed within the substitute breast body portion and adapted for the flow of gel therebetween, the tongue being adapted for tucking into the substitute breast body portion for varying the size and shape of the latter or for fitting the area of the body of the wearer which is below the underarm and from which tissue has been removed as an incident to breast removal.
2. A surgical breast prosthesis according to claim 1, including a plurality of pads of various sizes each for use within the brassiere and disposed behind the body portion for extending the depth of the body portion.
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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3986213A (en) * 1975-05-27 1976-10-19 Medical Engineering Corporation Gel filled medical devices
US4019209A (en) * 1976-04-22 1977-04-26 Spenco Medical Corporation Artificial breast form and method of forming
US4023575A (en) * 1976-03-02 1977-05-17 Nixon Letha R Contour bustette
FR2352851A1 (en) * 1976-05-27 1977-12-23 Dow Corning Items soft gel-filled low-exudation and intended gels these items
US4100627A (en) * 1976-05-27 1978-07-18 Dow Corning Corporation Low oiling gel filled flexible articles and gels therefor
FR2432301A1 (en) * 1978-08-04 1980-02-29 Leguen Andre Artificial breasts of moulded silicone rubber - with recesses to accept interchangeable inserts for easy modification of the wt., shape or stiffness of the moulding
US4222387A (en) * 1977-08-26 1980-09-16 Therese Tetu Prosthesis brassiere
WO1981001650A1 (en) * 1979-12-17 1981-06-25 Dow Corning Silicone gel-filled silicone rubber article possessing reduced surface-bleed
EP0054197A2 (en) * 1980-12-12 1982-06-23 Beiersdorf Aktiengesellschaft Mammary prosthesis
US4380569A (en) * 1981-08-03 1983-04-19 Spenco Medical Corporation Lightweight preformed stable gel structures and method of forming
US4699144A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-10-13 Sherwood Janice K Mastectomy brassiere
US5158541A (en) * 1992-01-23 1992-10-27 Mccurley Arlene B Mastectomy compression surgical brassiere
US5370688A (en) * 1993-03-30 1994-12-06 Spenco Medical Corporation Encapsulated gel breast prosthesis and method of making
US5458635A (en) * 1993-12-16 1995-10-17 Berman; Miriam B. Breast form
US5522892A (en) * 1995-03-28 1996-06-04 Lin; Chin-Lung Breast augmentation device
US5782671A (en) * 1997-05-02 1998-07-21 Suen; Yi-Mou Liquid adjusting type magnetic brassiere
US5902335A (en) * 1997-10-01 1999-05-11 Capital Marketing Technologies, Inc. Multiple section breast prosthesis
GB2344273A (en) * 2000-02-12 2000-06-07 Mjm International Limited Foundation garment with silicone fluid bag
WO2001058291A1 (en) * 2000-02-12 2001-08-16 Mjm International Limited Foundation garment
US6443806B1 (en) * 2001-05-02 2002-09-03 Kuo Feng Fang Breast lift for brassiere
US20020193878A1 (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-12-19 Bowman Roy Wade Two-layer external breast prosthesis with self-shaping feature and process for the manufacture thereof
US6936068B1 (en) 2003-08-04 2005-08-30 Melvin E. Knisley Inflatable prosthetic device
US6981988B1 (en) * 2002-03-08 2006-01-03 Elizabeth Kinsley Breast implant sizing system
US20060166601A1 (en) * 2005-01-26 2006-07-27 Chin-Tang Chen Pad structure for female brassiere cups
US20110153016A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-23 La Vie En Rose Mastectomy prosthesis and bra
CN102406247A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-04-11 普宁市仙宜岱时装有限公司 Waterproof stable prosthesis bra
US20130149937A1 (en) * 2010-08-25 2013-06-13 Qp Holdings Limited Bra
CN104207344A (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-12-17 俞勤 Internal supporting type breast enlargement paste
US20150011140A1 (en) * 2012-01-27 2015-01-08 Kara Gorski Post-breast surgery brassiere and profile-correcting insert
USD760472S1 (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-07-05 Ce Soir Lingerie Co., Inc. Adhesive push up breast cup
USD760473S1 (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-07-05 Ce Soir Lingerie Co., Inc. Adhesive conforming silicone breast cup

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US2542619A (en) * 1948-05-22 1951-02-20 Ella H Bernhardt Breast form
US2814808A (en) * 1954-05-10 1957-12-03 Samuel G Berman Artificial breast for amputees
US3196464A (en) * 1961-01-23 1965-07-27 Florence C Mckee Breast prosthesis
US3301260A (en) * 1964-12-11 1967-01-31 Velma C Ray Self-inflating brassiere pad
US3494365A (en) * 1967-02-02 1970-02-10 Hidden Charm Inc Breast pad
US3600718A (en) * 1969-12-29 1971-08-24 Dow Corning Inflatable prosthesis
US3665520A (en) * 1970-10-07 1972-05-30 Medical Eng Corp Surgically implantable breast prosthesis
US3701168A (en) * 1971-08-23 1972-10-31 Zella J Balow Brassieres for mastectomy patients

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2542619A (en) * 1948-05-22 1951-02-20 Ella H Bernhardt Breast form
US2814808A (en) * 1954-05-10 1957-12-03 Samuel G Berman Artificial breast for amputees
US3196464A (en) * 1961-01-23 1965-07-27 Florence C Mckee Breast prosthesis
US3301260A (en) * 1964-12-11 1967-01-31 Velma C Ray Self-inflating brassiere pad
US3494365A (en) * 1967-02-02 1970-02-10 Hidden Charm Inc Breast pad
US3600718A (en) * 1969-12-29 1971-08-24 Dow Corning Inflatable prosthesis
US3665520A (en) * 1970-10-07 1972-05-30 Medical Eng Corp Surgically implantable breast prosthesis
US3701168A (en) * 1971-08-23 1972-10-31 Zella J Balow Brassieres for mastectomy patients

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3986213A (en) * 1975-05-27 1976-10-19 Medical Engineering Corporation Gel filled medical devices
US4023575A (en) * 1976-03-02 1977-05-17 Nixon Letha R Contour bustette
US4019209A (en) * 1976-04-22 1977-04-26 Spenco Medical Corporation Artificial breast form and method of forming
FR2352851A1 (en) * 1976-05-27 1977-12-23 Dow Corning Items soft gel-filled low-exudation and intended gels these items
US4100627A (en) * 1976-05-27 1978-07-18 Dow Corning Corporation Low oiling gel filled flexible articles and gels therefor
US4222387A (en) * 1977-08-26 1980-09-16 Therese Tetu Prosthesis brassiere
FR2432301A1 (en) * 1978-08-04 1980-02-29 Leguen Andre Artificial breasts of moulded silicone rubber - with recesses to accept interchangeable inserts for easy modification of the wt., shape or stiffness of the moulding
WO1981001650A1 (en) * 1979-12-17 1981-06-25 Dow Corning Silicone gel-filled silicone rubber article possessing reduced surface-bleed
EP0054197A2 (en) * 1980-12-12 1982-06-23 Beiersdorf Aktiengesellschaft Mammary prosthesis
EP0054197A3 (en) * 1980-12-12 1982-08-25 Beiersdorf Aktiengesellschaft Mammary prosthesis
US4380569A (en) * 1981-08-03 1983-04-19 Spenco Medical Corporation Lightweight preformed stable gel structures and method of forming
US4699144A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-10-13 Sherwood Janice K Mastectomy brassiere
US5158541A (en) * 1992-01-23 1992-10-27 Mccurley Arlene B Mastectomy compression surgical brassiere
US5370688A (en) * 1993-03-30 1994-12-06 Spenco Medical Corporation Encapsulated gel breast prosthesis and method of making
US5458635A (en) * 1993-12-16 1995-10-17 Berman; Miriam B. Breast form
US5522892A (en) * 1995-03-28 1996-06-04 Lin; Chin-Lung Breast augmentation device
US5782671A (en) * 1997-05-02 1998-07-21 Suen; Yi-Mou Liquid adjusting type magnetic brassiere
US5902335A (en) * 1997-10-01 1999-05-11 Capital Marketing Technologies, Inc. Multiple section breast prosthesis
WO2001058291A1 (en) * 2000-02-12 2001-08-16 Mjm International Limited Foundation garment
GB2359007A (en) * 2000-02-12 2001-08-15 Mjm Internat Ltd Foundation garment
GB2344273A (en) * 2000-02-12 2000-06-07 Mjm International Limited Foundation garment with silicone fluid bag
US20020193878A1 (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-12-19 Bowman Roy Wade Two-layer external breast prosthesis with self-shaping feature and process for the manufacture thereof
US7575596B2 (en) 2001-02-21 2009-08-18 Amoena Medizin-Orthopädie-Technik GmbH Two-layer external breast prosthesis with self-shaping feature and process for the manufacture thereof
US6443806B1 (en) * 2001-05-02 2002-09-03 Kuo Feng Fang Breast lift for brassiere
US6981988B1 (en) * 2002-03-08 2006-01-03 Elizabeth Kinsley Breast implant sizing system
US6936068B1 (en) 2003-08-04 2005-08-30 Melvin E. Knisley Inflatable prosthetic device
US20060166601A1 (en) * 2005-01-26 2006-07-27 Chin-Tang Chen Pad structure for female brassiere cups
US8562388B2 (en) 2009-12-23 2013-10-22 La Vie En Rose Mastectomy prosthesis and bra
US20110153016A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-23 La Vie En Rose Mastectomy prosthesis and bra
US9241514B2 (en) * 2010-08-25 2016-01-26 Qp Holdings Limited Bra
US20130149937A1 (en) * 2010-08-25 2013-06-13 Qp Holdings Limited Bra
US10028540B2 (en) 2010-08-25 2018-07-24 Qp Holdings Limited Bra
CN102406247A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-04-11 普宁市仙宜岱时装有限公司 Waterproof stable prosthesis bra
US20150011140A1 (en) * 2012-01-27 2015-01-08 Kara Gorski Post-breast surgery brassiere and profile-correcting insert
CN104207344A (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-12-17 俞勤 Internal supporting type breast enlargement paste
USD760472S1 (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-07-05 Ce Soir Lingerie Co., Inc. Adhesive push up breast cup
USD760473S1 (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-07-05 Ce Soir Lingerie Co., Inc. Adhesive conforming silicone breast cup

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