US3871649A - Matched set of golf clubs - Google Patents

Matched set of golf clubs Download PDF

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US3871649A
US3871649A US863181A US86318169A US3871649A US 3871649 A US3871649 A US 3871649A US 863181 A US863181 A US 863181A US 86318169 A US86318169 A US 86318169A US 3871649 A US3871649 A US 3871649A
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set
shaft
matched
golf clubs
clubs
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US863181A
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John Arthur Kilshaw
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Dunlop Co Ltd
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Dunlop Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B2053/005Club sets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • A63B2060/0081Substantially flexible shafts, hinged shafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/12Metallic shafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • A63B60/06Handles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • A63B60/06Handles
    • A63B60/08Handles characterised by the material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • A63B60/06Handles
    • A63B60/10Handles with means for indicating correct holding positions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining

Abstract

A matched set of golf clubs, of which each club comprises a shaft and a club head carried thereon, wherein the flexural rigidity of the shaft of any wood or iron of the set is not more than that of any longer wood or iron, respectively, of the set. Thus the club shafts became more flexible per unit length as they get shorter, this being opposite to conventional trends. This reversed trend has been found to be very advantageous particularly in that matched sets of clubs can be provided having matched moments of inertia and matched frequency of vibration. Thus, all the clubs of the set will have a very similar feel in use.

Description

[ MATCHED SET OF GOLF CLUBS [75] Inventor: John Arthur Kilshaw, Netherton,

England [73] Assignee: The Dunlop Company Limited,

London, England [22] Filed: Oct. 2, 1969 [21] Appl. No.: 863,181

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data 1 Mar. 18, 1975 2,457,177 12/1948 Reach 273/80 B 2,822,174 2/1958 Brandon 273/77 A 3,395,571 8/1968 Murdoch 273/77 A 3.455.558 7/1969 Onions 273/77 A UX 3,473,370 10/1969 Marciniak... 273/77 A R19,73l 10/1935 Hackett 273/80 B FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 3,288 2/1913 United Kingdom 273/80 13 256,049 8/1926 United Kingdom... 273/80 B 465,414 5/1937 United Kingdom... 273/80 B 470,178 8/1937 United Kingdom... 273/80 B 139,858 3/1960 U.S.S.R 273/77 A Oct. 4, 1968 United Kingdom 47175/68 Primary Examiner-Richard .1. A'pley 273/77 A, 273/80A6Bjb ggg3 Attorney, Agent, or FirmStevens, Davis. Miller & n Mosher [58] Field of Search 73/672, 65; 273/77 R,

273/77 A, 80 R, 80 B, 80.2, 81 [57]- ABSTRACT A matched set of golf clubs, of which each club com- [56] References Cited ptrisils a shiftangi a clubhhezliqd icargied thereoin, whereir;

UNITED STATES PATENTS t e exura 1' g1 1ty oft e s a to any woo or 1ron o the set 15 not more than that of any longer wood or 976.267 11/1910 Kmght. 273/80 B iron, respectively f the set Thus the club h ft 1 H/]94 Premm 73/77 A came more flexible per unit length as they get shorter, 1.594.801 8/1926 Stackpole 1 273/77 A b t t 1.670.531 5/1928 Cowdery 1 1 273/80 B oppos e O Come" 196L969 6/1934 Heddon 273/80 B versed trend has been found to be very advantageous 1974389 9/1934 Cowdery 273/gO B particularly in that matched sets of clubs can be pro- 2,066,962 l/l937 Cross H 273/30 B vided having matched moments of inertia and 2,095,563 lO/1937 Cowdery... 273/80.2 X matched frequency of vibration. Thus, all the clubs of 2,099,319 11/1937 Shaw 273/81 the set will have a very similar feel in use. 2.250.428 7/1941 Vickery 273/80 B 2.349.736 5/1944 Knobel et a1. mm A 9 Clams, 7 Drawing a 4 2' 4WO0D l 1 l I A J N I4 '4" swoon 15 I; N I

I 14" zwooo ||IIlIII---- VARYING LENGTHS OF SECTIONS A 8 N FOR WOODS 1-4 MATCHED SET OF GOLF CLUBS This invention relates to matched sets of golf clubs. It is the common experience of golfers that for a set of golf clubs to be really satisfactory not only must each individual club suit them as far as its length, weight and flexibility is concerned, but that the set as a whole should feel right, that is the clubs of the set should have common characteristics which give the golfer the same feel when making strokes with the various clubs of the set. Reference in this Specification to set of clubs refers to the woods and the irons, but does not include the putter.

At present the generally accepted method of matching golf clubs into a set is by what is known as the swing weight method in which the moment of weight of the clubs is measured with respect to points on the various types of clubs all at the same distance from the grip end of the club. Although this method is in common use, it is not really satisfactory in producing matched sets of clubs. A greatly improved method is one in which the matched clubs all have the same moment of inertia about points in their shafts which are the same distance from the grips of the clubs.

Such a method and apparatus is described in the assignees copending US. Pat. No. 3,703,824 issued Nov. 28, 1972.

Whichever method of matching clubs is adopted, however, it has been common practice for the various types of clubs in the set to show a gradation of flexural rigidity throughout the set, the rigidity increasing with descreasing length of club. Thus, the rigidity of the shaft of a conventional No. 1 wood, whose length is usually 44 inches, is less than that of the shaft of the No. 3 wood whose length is usually 43 inches. Similarly, the rigidity of shaft of conventional irons increases from the No. 2 iron whose shaft is usually 39 inches long to the No. 9 iron whose shaft is usually only 35 V2 inches long. Hitherto, this gradation of rigidity has been thought essential. However, l have now found that this is not so and that considerable advantages can be obtained if gradation of rigidity throughout the set is the converse of the common practice. Alternatively, the flexural rigidity can be the same for all the clubs or at least have a common value for all the irons and a common value (which can be different from the common value for the irons) for all the woods.

Accordingly, in one aspect the present invention provides a matched set of golf clubs in which the flexural rigidity of the shafts of the clubs is such that the flexural rigidity of the shaft of the shortest iron or wood is not more than that of the longest iron or wood respectively.

Where there is a gradation in rigidity it is preferably a progressive decrease throughout the woods from the longest to the shortest or a progressive decrease throughout the irons from the longest to the shortest, though two or more of the woods or irons can, if desired, have the same rigidity, especially if they are adjacent clubs in the set.

It has further been found that the clubs of this invention are of particular value where the clubs are made so that at least all the woods have a common frequency of vibration, and where the irons also have a common frequency of vibration which generally will be different from, but may be the same as, the common frequency of the woods.

The gradation of rigidity of this invention can be achieved in various ways. In one way, the stepped pattern of a conventional set of shafts is retained (i.e. the same lengths and external diameters of the various steps and sections are used), but different wall thicknesses of tube are used such that the shafts in the set get progressively lighter as they get shorter, instead of remaining constant in weight or getting progressively heavier, as is the usual case. In this way a progressive reduction in wall thickness can be specified such that the flexural rigidity is either maintained at a fixed value or is progressively reduced.

A second way of obtaining the necessary gradation in rigidity is to use tubes of thesame wall thicknesses as for a conventional set of shafts,,but to choose the length and position of the various steps such that the necessary regidity is obtained. In general, this means that the first section or lowermost step on the shaft gets longer and (preferably) the last section or uppermost step (which bears thegolf grip) gets shorter as the shafts get progressively shorter in the set whilst the length of the intermediate steps remain constant. Because the lowermost section is of lesser diameter than that of the other sections, the result is to decrease the overall rigidity of the shaft. A third way of obtaining the necessary gradation in rigidity, which applies only to roll-tapered unstepped shafts, is to taper the shafts at a substantially constant rate but in such a way that the uppermost generally parallel section of each shaft (which bears the golf grip) gets shorter as the shafts progressively shorten through the set.. Again this means that as the shafts get shorter, a greater propor tion of the shaft length has a lower effective diameter which leads to a reduction in rigidity.

In the set of clubs described below as exempli'fication of the present invention the gradation in rigidity is obtained by a preferred form of the second of the methods' described above, in which the lowermost step (that is, the step nearest to the head end of the shaft) increases in length with decreasing length of club shaft, but the lengths of the other steps remains constant.

Sets of clubs of overall increased or decreased rigidity can be obtained either by using a lowermost step of decreased or increased length respectively or by using a tube of increased or decreased diameter respectively at the grip end.

The invention is illustrated by the following Examples with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:

FIG. I is a diagrammatic representation of the shaft of the woods of all three Examples; and

FIGS. 11, III and IV are respectively diagrammatic representations of the shafts used respectively for the medium clubs of Example I, the whippy clubs of Example 2 and the stif clubs of Example 3.

FIG. V illustrates a conventional Golf Club having a stepped shaft with increasing thickness of the wall, FIG. 5A having the thinnest wall and .FIG. 5C the thickess wall.

FIG. VI illustrates the shafts fora wood set in its completed form',

FIG. VII illustrates representative examples of the shafts for a set of irons in their completed form.

EXAMPLE 1 This Example describes a matched set of golf clubs consisting of four woods and 10 irons, in which all the clubs have the same momentof inertia the woods have a common frequency of vibration and the irons have common frequency of vibration though different from that of the woods.

Table 1 below shows the moment of inertia, head weight, flexural rigidity and frequency of vibration of the clubs of this Example compared with the values for a conventional set of clubs. The lengths of the various types of clubs are the same in the two sets.

tion of the club vibrates. The number of vibrations per i TABLE 1 Moment of lnertia Head Weight Flexural Rigidity Frequency of (gcm' X 10) (g) (gcm X 10 Vibration (cpm) Nominal len- Convenlnven- Convenlnven- Convenlnven- Conven= Invength of shaft tional tion tional tion tional tion tional tion (inches) WOODS 1 44 29.5 27.6 200 190 4.8 4.9 274 286 2 43% 29.3 27.6 207 195 4.8 4.85 279 286 3 43 29.1 27.6 214 201 4.9 4.8 282 286 4 42% 28.9 27.6 221 207 4.9 475 287 286 lRONS 2 39 28.0 27.6 254 248 4.8 5.8 305 333 3 38% 27.8 27.6 261 256 4.9 5.7 313 333 4 38 27.6 27.6 268 264 5.0 5.6 318 333 5 37% 27.8 27.6 275 272 5.0 5.5 323 333 6 37 27.4 27.6 282 280 5.1 5.4 326 333 7 36% 27.5 27.6 289 289 5.1 5.3 335 333 8 36 27.4 27.6 296 298 5.2 5.2 339 333 9 35% 27.3 27.6 303 308 5.4 5.1 349 333 10 28.5 27.6 320 308 5.4 5.1 347 333 SAND 35% 30.0 27.6 345 308 5.5 5.1 343 333 In obtaining the data given in Table 1 above the flexural rigidity of the shafts was measured as follows. The top 7.7 inches of the club shaft without its club head was firmly clamped in a vice and the distance L of the free length of shaft from the vice to the other end of the shaft was measured. A known weight W was suspended from the free end of the shaft and the resulting static downward deflection d of the free end was measured. The flexural rigidity of the shaft was then obtained from the following equation:-

Flexural rigidity (g.cm X 10 W. L /3d where W is the suspended weight (grams) L is the free length of shaft (centimetres) d is the deflection of free end of shaft (centimetres) Arbitrary lengths of the golf shaft other than 7.7 inches can be clamped to determine flexural rigidity and this will give slightly different values from those quoted. However, the desired gradation in rigidity will still be maintained.

The clubs of this Example had shafts, which each weighed between 4 /8 and 4% ounces, were of hardened steel tube which has been formed into a stepped" shape. The dimensions of the various steps are given in the Tables below.

The values for the frequency of vibration were obtained from the standard equation for the oscillation of a rod clamped at one end thereof and having a mass fixed at the other:

minute can then be counted, for example by an electric counting device. It is found that the values for frequency of vibration obtained experimentally agree with the calculated values within a margin of; 5%, usually 35%.

The set of clubs of this Example were tested in play by 12 experienced golfers all of whom found them to be well matched as to feel and noticeably superior to the set of conventional clubs.

EXAMPLE 2 This Example relates to a set of clubs having a more whippy feel than those of Example 1.

A set of matched golf clubs was made in which the various types of clubs had the moment of inertia and head weights equal to those of the various types of clubs of the set of this invention of Example 1 but with different dimensions for the various steps of the shafts. The dimensions are given in the Tables below. The flexural rigidity of the shaft of each club was 0.25 g.cm X 10 less than the values for the clubs of Example 1.

From playing tests with the clubs of this Example it was found that all the clubs were more whippy than the corresponding clubs of Example 1 and that the set as a whole was better matched than the conventional set.

EXAMPLE 3 This Example relates to a set of clubs having a stiffer feel than those of Example 1.

A set of matched golf clubs was made in which the various types of clubs had the moment of inertia and head weights equal to those of the various types of The external diameter and length of the various steps of the clubs of Examples 1, 2 and 3 are given below in Tables 2-5, ofwhich Tables 2 and 3 relate to the woods -1 and W Show respectwely the shafts E whose shaft is shown in FIG. land Tables 4 and 5 to the the of Examples 2 and l dlmenslons irons whose Shafts, medium, whippy or stiff are Shown of the steps of each of those shafts are glven ln Tables respectively in FIGS. ll, Ill and IV. 4 and 5 below T di i given i Table 2 relate to the It should be noted that m the shafts used for these dium shafts used for th woods f E l 1 h irons the external diameter of the last two inches at the whippy shafts used in Example 2 and the stiff shafts end'of Step 1 tapers uniformly from 0.370 to 0.355 used in Example 3. It will be seen from Table 2 that the inch to facilitate attachment of the shaft to the club difference between the three types of shaft lies in the head.

TABLE 4 IRONS Step External Diameter Length of step (inches) (inch) Stiff Medium WhiPPY Stiff Medium Whippy 1 0.370 0370 i 0.370 (variable see Table 5) 2 0.380 0.380 0.370 1% 1% 1% 3 0.387 0.387 0.387 1% 1% 1% 4 0.395 0.395 0.395 1 1 1 5 0.405 0.405 0.405 /0 /e 6 0.415 0.415 0.415 5A: 5A1 7 0.430 0.430 0.430 V2 V2 /e 8 0.450 0.450 0.450 /2 V2 V2 9 0.470 0.470 0.460 V2 V2 V:

10 0.480 0.480 0.470 A: Va A:

1 1 0.490 0.490 0.480 v2 V2 depends upon length of step 1. 12 0.505 0.500 depends upon length of step 1. 13 0.520 I depends upon length of step 1.

different lengths of Steps A and N, the lengths of the TABLE 5 IRONS other steps being unchanged whether for medium, whippy or stiff shafts. The various lengths of Step A are Total length Length of Shown i T l 3 of shaft (inches) step 1 (inches) It should be noted that in the shafts used for these 39 6% woods the external diameter of the last eight inches at 3826 7 S l/16 the end of Step A tapers uniformly from 0.335 to 0.277 5 inch. This taper is to facilitate the attachment of the 37 love shaft to the head of the club. 32

TABLE 2 wooos 35% Step External Diameter Length of Step I (inch) (in In producing the flnlshed clubs of the Examples the A 0 335 (Variable See thinner end of each shaft was fixed in a reamed cavity Table 3) in the head. The other end of the shaft was trimmed, if B 0-345 3 necessary, to obtain the desired length of club and the g 8322 V2 grip fitted. The total length of shaft referred to above E 0.390 1% is the length of the shaft before any such trimming,- and F 0.405 1 G O 425 l is the length of the shaft when the mucus tests to ascer H 0455 V8 tain frequency of vibration and moment of inertia are 1 0.485 Va .1 0.515 /8 made" K 0.545 /5 We ClaImZ L 0-575 V2 1. A matched set of golf clubs having woods and M 0600 2 l N 0620 de ends upon lrons, each club of said set comprlslng a shaft havlng a g g club head on one end and a grip on the opposite end tep TABLE 3 wooos Length of Step A (inches) Total Length of shaft (inches) Stiff Medium Whip y shaft shaft sha t and said set comprising a plurality of woods of decreasing shaft length and increasing loft and a plurality of irons of decreasing shaft length and increasing loft, the improvement comprising having the flexural rigidity of the shaft of any wood in the set not greater than that of the shaft of any longer wood in the set and having the flexural rigidity ofthe shaft of any iron in said set not greater than that of the shaft of any longer iron in said SCI.

2. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 1, in which the values for flexural rigidity of the shafts of both the woods and the irons decrease progressively from the longest to-the shortest shaft of the woods and of the irons.

3. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 2, in which the shafts are of stepped metal tube and the decrease in flexural rigity from one shaft to another is obtained by use of different wall thicknesses for the various steps of each shaft.

4. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 2, in which the shafts are of stepped metal tube and the decrease in flexural rigidity from one shaft to another is obtained by an increase in the length of the step most distant from the grip end of the clubs.

5. A matched set of'golf clubs according to claim 4. in which the length of the various steps between the two terminal steps of the tube is the same for all the irons of the set.

6. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 4, in which the length of the various steps between the two terminal steps of the tube is the same for all the woods of the set.

7. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 1. in which at least all the woods have a common frequency of vibration.

8. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 7, in which all the irons have a common frequency of vibration.

9. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 1, in which the clubs are matched with respect to their moments of inertia, said moments of'inertia for each club being measured about a point in the shaft which is a fixed distance from the grip, said distance being the same for each club.

Claims (9)

1. A matched set of golf clubs having woods and irons, each club of said set comprising a shaft having a club head on one end and a grip on the opposite end and said set comprising a plurality of woods of decreasing shaft length and increasing loft and a plurality of irons of decreasing shaft length and increasing loft, the improvement comprising having the flexural rigidity of the shaft of any wood in the set not greater than that of the shaft of any longer wood in the set and having the flexural rigidity of the shaft of any iron in said set not greater than that of the shaft of any longer iron in said set.
2. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 1, in which the values for flexural rigidity of the shafts of both the woods And the irons decrease progressively from the longest to the shortest shaft of the woods and of the irons.
3. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 2, in which the shafts are of stepped metal tube and the decrease in flexural rigity from one shaft to another is obtained by use of different wall thicknesses for the various steps of each shaft.
4. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 2, in which the shafts are of stepped metal tube and the decrease in flexural rigidity from one shaft to another is obtained by an increase in the length of the step most distant from the grip end of the clubs.
5. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 4, in which the length of the various steps between the two terminal steps of the tube is the same for all the irons of the set.
6. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 4, in which the length of the various steps between the two terminal steps of the tube is the same for all the woods of the set.
7. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 1, in which at least all the woods have a common frequency of vibration.
8. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 7, in which all the irons have a common frequency of vibration.
9. A matched set of golf clubs according to claim 1, in which the clubs are matched with respect to their moments of inertia, said moments of inertia for each club being measured about a point in the shaft which is a fixed distance from the grip, said distance being the same for each club.
US863181A 1968-10-04 1969-10-02 Matched set of golf clubs Expired - Lifetime US3871649A (en)

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US5351953A (en) * 1993-03-18 1994-10-04 Mase George T Dynamically matched set of golf clubs and method and apparatus for designing the same using the inertia tensor
US5379641A (en) * 1993-05-04 1995-01-10 Exel Oy Method for measuring the deflection in the shaft of a golf club for controlling the dynamic loft angle of a club
US5505446A (en) * 1990-10-19 1996-04-09 Whitaker; William T. Variable flex shaft system for an array of golf clubs
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WO1997046288A1 (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-12-11 Marshall James, Inc. Golf club shaft with oversized grip section
US5820480A (en) * 1997-01-22 1998-10-13 Harrison Sports Inc. Golf club shaft and method of making the same
US5857921A (en) * 1996-05-24 1999-01-12 Fm Precision Golf Manufacturing Corp. Golf club shafts
US5879241A (en) * 1997-03-04 1999-03-09 Cook; Eric H. Matched set of golf clubs and method of producing the same
US6354957B1 (en) * 1997-03-31 2002-03-12 Daiwa Seiko, Inc. Golf club shaft
US6565450B1 (en) * 1999-10-26 2003-05-20 The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd. Golf club set
EP1393782A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-03 True Temper Sports, Inc. Golf club shaft set
US20040082403A1 (en) * 2002-10-28 2004-04-29 Braly W. Kim Golf club shafts having variable taper lengths
US20040116200A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-06-17 Callaway Golf Company [SET OF GOLF CLUBS WITH CONSISTENT HOSEL OFFSET(Docket Number PU2175)]
US20040138000A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2004-07-15 Braly W. Kim Lightweight, durable golf club shafts
US6908399B1 (en) * 1999-07-23 2005-06-21 Henry-Griffitts Inc. Golf club set
US20060223647A1 (en) * 2005-04-04 2006-10-05 Brooks Alan L Weight-matched set of golf clubs
US20080305882A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2008-12-11 Noble Randall B Golf Club Head and Method of Manufacturing
US9480891B2 (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-11-01 Nhk Spring Co., Ltd. Metal shaft having longitudinally varying hardness, golf shaft using the metal shaft, golf club using the metal golf shaft, method of manufacturing the metal shaft, and tempering apparatus

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JP2571041B2 (en) * 1986-08-27 1997-01-16 則之 菅沼 Golf club excisional and a method of manufacturing the same in harmony
JPH0790044B2 (en) * 1989-01-20 1995-10-04 マルマンゴルフ株式会社 Set of golf clubs
US5018735A (en) * 1989-11-09 1991-05-28 Sandvik Special Metals Corporation Low kick point golf club shaft
US5441256A (en) * 1992-12-30 1995-08-15 Hackman Lloyd E Method of custom matching golf clubs

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US4070022A (en) * 1976-04-14 1978-01-24 Con-Sole Golf Corporation Matched golf shafts and clubs
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US4169595A (en) * 1977-01-19 1979-10-02 Brunswick Corporation Light weight golf club shaft
US4122593A (en) * 1977-05-12 1978-10-31 Con-Sole Golf Corporation Method of making golf club shafts
US4240631A (en) * 1977-06-25 1980-12-23 Macdougall Ian C Shaft assemblies for golf clubs
US4200286A (en) * 1977-12-09 1980-04-29 Bennett Richard C Set of torque-balanced golf clubs
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US4288075A (en) * 1979-08-27 1981-09-08 Brunswick Corporation Ultra light weight golf club shaft
WO1981000520A1 (en) * 1979-08-27 1981-03-05 Brunswick Corp Ultra light weight golf club shaft
WO1981000521A1 (en) * 1979-08-30 1981-03-05 Brunswick Corp Golf shaft having reverse tapered butt section
US4330126A (en) * 1979-08-30 1982-05-18 Brunswick Corporation High flex golf shaft having reverse tapered butt section
US4563007A (en) * 1980-03-13 1986-01-07 Ti Accles & Pollock Limited Golf club shafts
JPS57203462A (en) * 1981-01-02 1982-12-13 Acushnet Co Determination of shape of cylindrical golf club shaft with step and golf club shafte
US4558863A (en) * 1981-01-02 1985-12-17 Acushnet Company Golf club shaft
JPS58138471A (en) * 1982-02-10 1983-08-17 Sumitomo Rubber Ind Golf club shaft
US4591157A (en) * 1982-06-10 1986-05-27 Callaway Hickory Stick-Usa, Inc. Golf club shaft
US4431187A (en) * 1982-06-25 1984-02-14 Brunswick Corporation Golf club shaft
USRE33735E (en) * 1982-06-25 1991-11-05 Brunswick Corporation Golf club shaft
US4954198A (en) * 1985-04-19 1990-09-04 Viellard Paul H Method of fabricating golf clubs and assembly of tubes for forming clubs obtained by the method
US4762322A (en) * 1985-08-05 1988-08-09 Spalding & Evenflo Companies, Inc. Golf club
US5040279A (en) * 1988-10-19 1991-08-20 Brunswick Corporation Method for producing frequency matched sets of composite golf club shafts
US5121918A (en) * 1989-06-13 1992-06-16 The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd. Constant swing golf club set by varied club length
US5192073A (en) * 1990-03-20 1993-03-09 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Golf club set
US5094101A (en) * 1990-06-20 1992-03-10 Chastonay Herman A Method for dynamically balancing golf clubs
US5505446A (en) * 1990-10-19 1996-04-09 Whitaker; William T. Variable flex shaft system for an array of golf clubs
US5294118A (en) * 1991-04-16 1994-03-15 Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd. Golf club shaft
US5575473A (en) * 1992-11-23 1996-11-19 Turner; Terry S. Golf club
US5351953A (en) * 1993-03-18 1994-10-04 Mase George T Dynamically matched set of golf clubs and method and apparatus for designing the same using the inertia tensor
US5379641A (en) * 1993-05-04 1995-01-10 Exel Oy Method for measuring the deflection in the shaft of a golf club for controlling the dynamic loft angle of a club
US5857921A (en) * 1996-05-24 1999-01-12 Fm Precision Golf Manufacturing Corp. Golf club shafts
WO1997046288A1 (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-12-11 Marshall James, Inc. Golf club shaft with oversized grip section
US5820480A (en) * 1997-01-22 1998-10-13 Harrison Sports Inc. Golf club shaft and method of making the same
US5879241A (en) * 1997-03-04 1999-03-09 Cook; Eric H. Matched set of golf clubs and method of producing the same
US6354957B1 (en) * 1997-03-31 2002-03-12 Daiwa Seiko, Inc. Golf club shaft
US6908399B1 (en) * 1999-07-23 2005-06-21 Henry-Griffitts Inc. Golf club set
US6565450B1 (en) * 1999-10-26 2003-05-20 The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd. Golf club set
US20040116200A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-06-17 Callaway Golf Company [SET OF GOLF CLUBS WITH CONSISTENT HOSEL OFFSET(Docket Number PU2175)]
EP1393782A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-03 True Temper Sports, Inc. Golf club shaft set
US20040082403A1 (en) * 2002-10-28 2004-04-29 Braly W. Kim Golf club shafts having variable taper lengths
US6984179B2 (en) * 2002-10-28 2006-01-10 Royal Precision, Inc. Golf club shafts having variable taper lengths
US20040138000A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2004-07-15 Braly W. Kim Lightweight, durable golf club shafts
US20060128495A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2006-06-15 Royal Precision, Inc. Lightweight, durable golf club shafts
US7255652B2 (en) 2003-01-15 2007-08-14 True Temper Sports, Inc. Lightweight, durable golf club shafts
US20080305882A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2008-12-11 Noble Randall B Golf Club Head and Method of Manufacturing
US8282503B2 (en) 2003-11-24 2012-10-09 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Multiple flex shaft method and system for golf clubs
US8475291B2 (en) 2003-11-24 2013-07-02 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Multiple flex shaft method and system for golf clubs
US20060223647A1 (en) * 2005-04-04 2006-10-05 Brooks Alan L Weight-matched set of golf clubs
US9480891B2 (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-11-01 Nhk Spring Co., Ltd. Metal shaft having longitudinally varying hardness, golf shaft using the metal shaft, golf club using the metal golf shaft, method of manufacturing the metal shaft, and tempering apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1286255A (en) 1972-08-23
IE33805L (en) 1970-04-04
IE33805B1 (en) 1974-10-30

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